Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 95
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Hum Mutat ; 2020 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112654

RESUMO

Germline PTPN11 mutations cause Noonan syndrome (NS), the most common disorder among RASopathies. PTPN11 encodes SHP2, a protein tyrosine-phosphatase controlling signaling through the RAS-MAPK and PI3K-AKT pathways. Generally, NS-causing PTPN11 mutations are missense changes destabilizing the inactive conformation of the protein or enhancing its binding to signaling partners. Here, we report on two PTPN11 variants resulting in the deletion or duplication of one of three adjacent glutamine residues (Gln255 -to-Gln257 ). While p.(Gln257dup) caused a typical NS phenotype in carriers of a first family, p.(Gln257del) had incomplete penetrance in a second family. Missense mutations involving Gln256 had previously been reported in NS. This poly-glutamine stretch is located on helix B of the PTP domain, a region involved in stabilizing SHP2 in its autoinhibited state. Molecular dynamics simulations predicted that changes affecting this motif perturb the SHP2's catalytically inactive conformation and/or substrate recognition. Biochemical data showed that duplication and deletion of Gln257 variably enhance SHP2's catalytic activity, while missense changes involving Gln256 affect substrate specificity. Expression of mutants in HEK293T cells documented their activating role on MAPK signaling, uncoupling catalytic activity and modulation of intracellular signaling. These findings further document the relevance of helix B in the regulation of SHP2's function.

2.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 72: 75-79, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular cause(s) underlying a severe form of infantile-onset parkinsonism and characterize functionally the identified variants. METHODS: A trio-based whole exome sequencing (WES) approach was used to identify the candidate variants underlying the disorder. In silico modeling, and in vitro and in vivo studies were performed to explore the impact of these variants on protein function and relevant cellular processes. RESULTS: WES analysis identified biallelic variants in WARS2, encoding the mitochondrial tryptophanyl tRNA synthetase (mtTrpRS), a gene whose mutations have recently been associated with multiple neurological phenotypes, including childhood-onset, levodopa-responsive or unresponsive parkinsonism in a few patients. A substantial reduction of mtTrpRS levels in mitochondria and reduced OXPHOS function was demonstrated, supporting their pathogenicity. Based on the infantile-onset and severity of the phenotype, additional variants were considered as possible genetic modifiers. Functional assessment of a selected panel of candidates pointed to a de novo missense mutation in CHRNA6, encoding the α6 subunit of neuronal nicotinic receptors, which are involved in the cholinergic modulation of dopamine release in the striatum, as a second event likely contributing to the phenotype. In silico, in vitro (Xenopus oocytes and GH4C1 cells) and in vivo (C. elegans) analyses demonstrated the disruptive effects of the mutation on acetylcholine receptor structure and function. CONCLUSION: Our findings consolidate the association between biallelic WARS2 mutations and movement disorders, and suggest CHRNA6 as a genetic modifier of the phenotype.

3.
Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr ; 1862(2): 183107, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678022

RESUMO

Host defense peptides selectively kill bacterial and cancer cells (including those that are drug-resistant) by perturbing the permeability of their membranes, without being significantly toxic to the host. Coulombic interactions between these cationic and amphipathic peptides and the negatively charged membranes of pathogenic cells contribute to the selective toxicity. However, a positive charge is not sufficient for selectivity, which can be achieved only by a finely tuned balance of electrostatic and hydrophobic driving forces. A common property of amphipathic peptides is the formation of aggregated structures in solution, but the role of this phenomenon in peptide activity and selectivity has received limited attention. Our data on the anticancer peptide killerFLIP demonstrate that aggregation strongly increases peptide selectivity, by reducing the effective peptide hydrophobicity and thus the affinity towards membranes composed of neutral lipids (like the outer layer of healthy eukaryotic cell membranes). Aggregation is therefore a useful tool to modulate the selectivity of membrane active peptides and peptidomimetics.

4.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 562: 391-399, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864015

RESUMO

This manuscript presents a comparative study of the physico-chemical behaviour of sulfobetaine-type single and double zwitterions and zwitterionic salts, and structurally similar mono- and di-cationic tetraalkylammonium salts in aqueous solutions. The study includes experimental determination of the density and viscosity of highly diluted aqueous solutions with derivation of the Jones-Dole viscosity B-coefficient, partial molal volumes at infinite dilution, and hydration numbers. The study also examines the effects of addition of the salts on the surface tension of cationic and anionic surfactants, upper critical solution temperature of a non-ionic surfactant, solubility of amino acids, and stability of a protein. The experimental investigation was performed taking a broad bottom-up approach with the aim to elucidate the effect of molecular architecture and charge (two versus four) on the degree of surface hydration of a molecule, kosmotropicity, and interactions with charged and hydrophilic/hydrophobic surfaces - all-important characteristics which define ability of a functional group to resist protein attachment. The novel multicharged zwitterionic materials have exhibited superior qualities, thus paving the way to development of a new platform in design of hydrophilic and anti-fouling surfaces by employing the four-charge bearing molecular motifs.

5.
Pharmaceutics ; 11(8)2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430958

RESUMO

Amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) is one of the most promising enabling formulations featuring significant water solubility and bioavailability enhancements for biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) class II and IV drugs. An accurate thermodynamic understanding of the ASD should be established for the ease of development of stable formulation with desired product performances. In this study, we report a first experimental approach combined with classic Flory-Huggins (F-H) modelling to understand the performances of ASD across the entire temperature and drug composition range. At low temperature and drug loading, water (moisture) was induced into the system to increase the mobility and accelerate the amorphous drug-amorphous polymer phase separation (AAPS). The binodal line indicating the boundary between one phase and AAPS of felodipine, PVPK15 and water ternary system was successfully measured, and the corresponding F-H interaction parameters (χ) for FD-PVPK15 binary system were derived. By combining dissolution/melting depression with AAPS approach, the relationship between temperature and drug loading with χ (Φ, T) for FD-PVPK15 system was modelled across the entire range as χ = 1.72 - 852/T + 5.17·Φ - 7.85·Φ2. This empirical equation can provide better understanding and prediction for the miscibility and stability of drug-polymer ASD at all conditions.

6.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(8): 569, 2019 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358731

RESUMO

Neutrophils are key components of the innate arm of the immune system and represent the frontline of host defense against intruding pathogens. However, neutrophils can also cause damage to the host. Nanomaterials are being developed for a multitude of different purposes and these minute materials may find their way into the body through deliberate or inadvertent exposure; understanding nanomaterial interactions with the immune system is therefore of critical importance. However, whereas numerous studies have focused on macrophages, less attention is devoted to nanomaterial interactions with neutrophils, the most abundant leukocytes in the blood. We discuss the impact of engineered nanomaterials on neutrophils and how neutrophils, in turn, may digest certain carbon-based materials such as carbon nanotubes and graphene oxide. We also discuss the role of the corona of proteins adsorbed onto the surface of nanomaterials and whether nanomaterials are sensed as pathogens by cells of the immune system.

7.
Chembiochem ; 20(16): 2141-2150, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125169

RESUMO

Trichogin GA IV is a short peptaibol with antimicrobial activity. This uncharged, but amphipathic, sequence is aligned at the membrane interface and undergoes a transition to an aggregated state that inserts more deeply into the membrane, an assembly that predominates at a peptide-to-lipid ratio (P/L) of 1:20. In this work, the natural trichogin sequence was prepared and reconstituted into oriented lipid bilayers. The 15 N NMR chemical shift is indicative of a well-defined alignment of the peptide parallel to the membrane surface at P/Ls of 1:120 and 1:20. When the P/L is increased to 1:8, an additional peptide topology is observed that is indicative of a heterogeneous orientation, with helix alignments ranging from around the magic angle to perfectly in-plane. The topological preference of the trichogin helix for an orientation parallel to the membrane surface was confirmed by attenuated total reflection FTIR spectroscopy. Furthermore, 19 F CODEX experiments were performed on a trichogin sequence with 19 F-Phe at position 10. The CODEX decay is in agreement with a tetrameric complex, in which the 19 F sites are about 9-9.5 Šapart. Thus, a model emerges in which the monomeric peptide aligns along the membrane surface. When the peptide concentration increases, first dimeric and then tetrameric assemblies form, made up from helices oriented predominantly parallel to the membrane surface. The formation of these aggregates correlates with the release of vesicle contents including relatively large molecules.

8.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(7): 1998-2010, 2019 07 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145591

RESUMO

A synthetic antimicrobial peptide library based on the human autophagy 16 polypeptide has been developed. Designed acetylated peptides bearing lipids of different chain lengths resulted in peptides with enhanced potency compared to the parent Atg16. A 21-residue fragment of Atg16 conjugated to 4-methylhexanoic acid (K30) emerged as the most potent antibacterial, with negligible hemolysis. Several studies, including microscopy, dye leakage, and ITC, were conducted to gain insight into the antibacterial mechanism of action of the peptide. Visual inspection using both SEM and TEM revealed the membranolytic effect of the peptide on bacterial cells. The selectivity of the peptide against bacterial cell membranes was also proven using dye leakage assays. ITC analysis revealed the exothermic nature of the binding interaction of the peptide to D8PG micelles. The three-dimensional solution NMR structure of K30 in complex with dioctanoylphosphatidylglycerol (D8PG) micelles revealed that the peptide adopts a helix-loop-helix structure in the presence of anionic membrane lipids mimicking bacterial membranes. Intermolecular NOEs between the peptide and lipid deciphered the location of the peptide in the bound state, which was subsequently supported by the paramagnetic relaxation enhancement (PRE) NMR experiment. Collectively, these results describe the structure-function relationship of the peptide in the bacterial membrane.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/química , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/farmacologia , Acilação , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Escherichia coli/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Graxos/química , Ácidos Graxos/farmacologia , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Chembiochem ; 20(16): 2125-2132, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095838

RESUMO

Trichogin is a natural peptide endowed with antimicrobial and antitumor activity. A member of the peptaibol family, trichogin possesses a C-terminal amino alcohol. In the past, this moiety was substituted for a methyl ester for synthetic purposes and it was observed that this apparently slight modification caused significant changes in the peptide bioactivity. With the aim of understanding the reasons behind such observations, a detailed spectroscopic study on a number of trichogin analogues has been performed. Herein, data obtained from synchrotron radiation circular dichroism, NMR spectroscopy, and fluorescence spectroscopy in organic solvents at cryogenic temperatures are compared with those independently acquired by means of EPR spectroscopy at 80 K. It is unambiguously revealed that the presence of a reversible, temperature-driven, screw-sense interconversion from a right- to left-handed helix is determined by the C-terminal capping moiety. Data demonstrate, for the first time, the key role of a C-terminal methyl ester in promoting peptide screw-sense inversion.

10.
Front Chem ; 7: 170, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984741

RESUMO

Tumor angiogenesis, essential for cancer development, is regulated mainly by vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) and their receptors (VEGFRs), which are overexpressed in cancer cells. Therefore, the VEGF/VEGFR interaction represents a promising pharmaceutical target to fight cancer progression. The VEGF surface interacting with VEGFRs comprises a short α-helix. In this work, helical oligopeptides mimicking the VEGF-C helix were rationally designed based on structural analyses and computational studies. The helical conformation was stabilized by optimizing intramolecular interactions and by introducing helix-inducing Cα,α-disubstituted amino acids. The conformational features of the synthetic peptides were characterized by circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance, and their receptor binding properties and antiangiogenic activity were determined. The best hits exhibited antiangiogenic activity in vitro at nanomolar concentrations and were resistant to proteolytic degradation.

11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1117: 175-214, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980359

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) attack bacterial membranes selectively, killing microbes at concentrations that cause no toxicity to the host cells. This selectivity is not due to interaction with specific receptors but is determined by the different lipid compositions of the membranes of the two cell types and by the peculiar physicochemical properties of AMPs, particularly their cationic and amphipathic character. However, the available data, including recent studies of peptide-cell association, indicate that this picture is excessively simplistic, because selectivity is modulated by a complex interplay of several interconnected phenomena. For instance, conformational transitions and self-assembly equilibria modulate the effective peptide hydrophobicity, the electrostatic and hydrophobic contributions to the membrane-binding driving force are nonadditive, and kinetic processes can play an important role in selective bacterial killing in the presence of host cells. All these phenomena and their bearing on the final activity and toxicity of AMPs must be considered in the definition of design principles to optimize peptide selectivity.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/fisiologia , Bactérias , Membrana Celular/química , Lipídeos de Membrana/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
12.
Am J Hum Genet ; 103(4): 621-630, 2018 10 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30290154

RESUMO

Aberrant activation or inhibition of potassium (K+) currents across the plasma membrane of cells has been causally linked to altered neurotransmission, cardiac arrhythmias, endocrine dysfunction, and (more rarely) perturbed developmental processes. The K+ channel subfamily K member 4 (KCNK4), also known as TRAAK (TWIK-related arachidonic acid-stimulated K+ channel), belongs to the mechano-gated ion channels of the TRAAK/TREK subfamily of two-pore-domain (K2P) K+ channels. While K2P channels are well known to contribute to the resting membrane potential and cellular excitability, their involvement in pathophysiological processes remains largely uncharacterized. We report that de novo missense mutations in KCNK4 cause a recognizable syndrome with a distinctive facial gestalt, for which we propose the acronym FHEIG (facial dysmorphism, hypertrichosis, epilepsy, intellectual disability/developmental delay, and gingival overgrowth). Patch-clamp analyses documented a significant gain of function of the identified KCNK4 channel mutants basally and impaired sensitivity to mechanical stimulation and arachidonic acid. Co-expression experiments indicated a dominant behavior of the disease-causing mutations. Molecular dynamics simulations consistently indicated that mutations favor sealing of the lateral intramembrane fenestration that has been proposed to negatively control K+ flow by allowing lipid access to the central cavity of the channel. Overall, our findings illustrate the pleiotropic effect of dysregulated KCNK4 function and provide support to the hypothesis of a gating mechanism based on the lateral fenestrations of K2P channels.


Assuntos
Ativação do Canal Iônico/genética , Mutação/genética , Transtornos do Neurodesenvolvimento/genética , Canais de Potássio/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
13.
FEBS J ; 285(17): 3225-3237, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30028086

RESUMO

Human serum albumin (HSA) is characterized by 17 disulfides and by only one unpaired cysteine (Cys34 ), which can be free in the reduced albumin or linked as a mixed disulfide with cysteine, or in minor amount with other natural thiols, in the oxidized albumin. In healthy subjects, the level of the oxidized form is about 35%, but it rises up to 70% after oxidative insults or in patients with kidney diseases. Oxidized albumin is therefore considered a short-term biomarker of oxidative stress as its level may increase or decrease under appropriate redox inputs in discrete temporal spans. This paper defines, for the first time, the kinetic properties of reduced and oxidized Cys34 of HSA in their reactions with natural disulfides and thiols. Kinetic constants support the evidence that the Cys34 redox oscillations observed in vivo are mainly due to the interaction with cysteine and cystine without the involvement of any enzymatic support. This study gives also a plausible explanation for the absence of involvement of the 17 disulfides naturally present in HSA in these redox transitions. This inert behavior toward cysteine is marginally due to solvent accessibility or flexibility factors of these bonds but mainly to their strong thermodynamic stability, which is caused essentially by a proximity effect. A similar mechanism is likely at play in the many proteins that maintain disulfide bridges in a reducing medium like the cytosol.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Cisteína/metabolismo , Dissulfetos/metabolismo , Diálise Renal , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Compostos de Sulfidrila/metabolismo , Uremia/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cisteína/química , Dissulfetos/química , Humanos , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo , Albumina Sérica Humana/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Uremia/patologia
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 18(5)2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747464

RESUMO

A novel type of graphene-like nanoparticle, synthesized by oxidation and unfolding of C60 buckminsterfullerene fullerene, showed multiple and reproducible sensitivity to Cu2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, and As(III) through different degrees of fluorescence quenching or, in the case of Cd2+, through a remarkable fluorescence enhancement. Most importantly, only for Cu2+ and Pb2+, the fluorescence intensity variations came with distinct modifications of the optical absorption spectrum. Time-resolved fluorescence study confirmed that the common origin of these diverse behaviors lies in complexation of the metal ions by fullerene-derived carbon layers, even though further studies are required for a complete explanation of the involved processes. Nonetheless, the different response of fluorescence and optical absorbance towards distinct cationic species makes it possible to discriminate between the presence of Cu2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, and As(III), through two simple optical measurements. To this end, the use of a three-dimensional calibration plot is discussed. This property makes fullerene-derived nanoparticles a promising material in view of the implementation of a selective, colorimetric/fluorescent detection system.

15.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 168: 2-9, 2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29728291

RESUMO

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are considered suitable systems for drug delivery and diagnostics with several applications in biomedicine. Size, shape and surface functionalization of these nanoparticles are important parameters influencing their behavior in a biological environment. This study describes the preparation and the characterization of lysophosphocholine coated AuNPs by means of Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS), Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) and Fluorescence Spectroscopy. In particular the structure of the functionalized AuNP suspension, as well as the physical properties, of the nanoparticle organic coating are discussed. The experimental results indicated that functionalized lysophosphocholine-AuNPs form aggregates, which are composed by nanoparticles with core-shell structure. Nevertheless, the nanoparticle suspension resulted to be stable, without significant structural rearrangements even when the temperature was increased to 50 °C. At the same time, experimental evidences also suggested that the 18LPC layer around AuNPs presented a reduced chain packing compared to pure 18LPC aggregates.


Assuntos
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química , Ouro/química , Lipídeos/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/síntese química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância de Spin Eletrônica , Lisofosfatidilcolinas/química , Espalhamento a Baixo Ângulo , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Temperatura Ambiente
16.
Hum Mutat ; 39(7): 959-964, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737001

RESUMO

Primrose syndrome (PS) is a rare disorder characterized by macrocephaly, tall stature, intellectual disability, autistic traits, and disturbances of glucose metabolism with insulin-resistant diabetes and distal muscle wasting occurring in adulthood. The disorder is caused by functional dysregulation of ZBTB20, a transcriptional repressor controlling energetic metabolism and developmental programs. ZBTB20 maps in a genomic region that is deleted in the 3q13.31 microdeletion syndrome, which explains the clinical overlap between the two disorders. A narrow spectrum of amino acid substitutions in a restricted region of ZBTB20 encompassing the first and second zinc-finger motifs have been reported thus far. Here, we characterize clinically and functionally the first truncating mutation [(c.1024delC; p.(Gln342Serfs*42)] and a missense change affecting the third zinc-finger motif of the protein [(c.1931C > T; p.(Thr644Ile)]. Our data document that both mutations have dominant negative impact on wild-type ZBTB20, providing further evidence of the specific behavior of PS-causing mutations on ZBTB20 function.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Calcinose/genética , Otopatias/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Atrofia Muscular/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Anormalidades Múltiplas/fisiopatologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 3/genética , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Otopatias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Atrofia Muscular/fisiopatologia , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Dedos de Zinco/genética
17.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(39): 4943-4946, 2018 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29700513

RESUMO

Here we report the design of membrane-active peptidomimetic molecules with a tunable arrangement of hydrophobic and polar groups. In spite of having the same chemical composition, the effective hydrophobicities of the compounds were different as a consequence of their chemical structure and conformational properties. The compound with lower effective hydrophobicity demonstrated antibacterial activity that was highly selective towards bacteria over mammalian cells. This study, highlighting the role in membrane selectivity of the specific arrangement of the different moieties in the molecular structure, provides useful indications for developing non-toxic antibacterial agents.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Peptidomiméticos/farmacologia , Tensoativos/farmacologia , Animais , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Lipossomos/química , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Peptidomiméticos/química , Peptidomiméticos/toxicidade , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Tensoativos/química , Tensoativos/toxicidade
18.
Nanomedicine ; 14(4): 1181-1190, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458213

RESUMO

Selective targeting is a crucial property of nanocarriers used for drug delivery in cancer therapy. We generated biotinylated octahedral DNA nanocages functionalized with folic acid through bio-orthogonal conjugation chemistry. Molecular modelling indicated that a distance of about 2.5 nm between folic acid and DNA nanocage avoids steric hindrance with the folate receptor. HeLa cells, a folate receptor positive tumour cell line, internalize folate-DNA nanocages with efficiency greater than 40 times compared to cells not expressing the folate receptors. Functionalized DNA nanocages are highly stable, not cytotoxic and can be efficiently loaded with the chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin. After entry into cells, doxorubicin-loaded nanoparticles are confined in vesicular structures, indicating that DNA nanocages traffic through the endocytic pathway. Doxorubicin release from loaded DNA cages, facilitated by low pH of endocytic vesicles, induces toxic pathways that, besides selectively killing folate receptor-positive cancer cells, leads to cage degradation avoiding nanoparticles accumulation inside cells.


Assuntos
Adutos de DNA/química , DNA/química , Doxorrubicina/química , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Ácido Fólico/química , Nanopartículas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adutos de DNA/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Células HT29 , Células HeLa , Humanos
19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 1115, 2018 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29348435

RESUMO

Carbon-based nanomaterials including carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been shown to trigger inflammation. However, how these materials are 'sensed' by immune cells is not known. Here we compared the effects of two carbon-based nanomaterials, single-walled CNTs (SWCNTs) and graphene oxide (GO), on primary human monocyte-derived macrophages. Genome-wide transcriptomics assessment was performed at sub-cytotoxic doses. Pathway analysis of the microarray data revealed pronounced effects on chemokine-encoding genes in macrophages exposed to SWCNTs, but not in response to GO, and these results were validated by multiplex array-based cytokine and chemokine profiling. Conditioned medium from SWCNT-exposed cells acted as a chemoattractant for dendritic cells. Chemokine secretion was reduced upon inhibition of NF-κB, as predicted by upstream regulator analysis of the transcriptomics data, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and their adaptor molecule, MyD88 were shown to be important for CCL5 secretion. Moreover, a specific role for TLR2/4 was confirmed by using reporter cell lines. Computational studies to elucidate how SWCNTs may interact with TLR4 in the absence of a protein corona suggested that binding is guided mainly by hydrophobic interactions. Taken together, these results imply that CNTs may be 'sensed' as pathogens by immune cells.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/fisiologia , Nanotubos de Carbono , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Macrófagos/ultraestrutura , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Nanotubos de Carbono/química , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Transdução de Sinais , Receptores Toll-Like/química , Transcriptoma
20.
Am J Kidney Dis ; 71(3): 441-445, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29198386

RESUMO

Alport syndrome is a rare hereditary disorder caused by rare variants in 1 of 3 genes encoding for type IV collagen. Rare variants in COL4A5 on chromosome Xq22 cause X-linked Alport syndrome, which accounts for ∼80% of the cases. Alport syndrome has a variable clinical presentation, including progressive kidney failure, hearing loss, and ocular defects. Exome sequencing performed in 2 affected related males with an undefined X-linked glomerulopathy characterized by global and segmental glomerulosclerosis, mesangial hypercellularity, and vague basement membrane immune complex deposition revealed a COL4A5 sequence variant, a substitution of a thymine by a guanine at nucleotide 665 (c.T665G; rs281874761) of the coding DNA predicted to lead to a cysteine to phenylalanine substitution at amino acid 222, which was not seen in databases cataloguing natural human genetic variation, including dbSNP138, 1000 Genomes Project release version 01-11-2004, Exome Sequencing Project 21-06-2014, or ExAC 01-11-2014. Review of the literature identified 2 additional families with the same COL4A5 variant leading to similar atypical histopathologic features, suggesting a unique pathologic mechanism initiated by this specific rare variant. Homology modeling suggests that the substitution alters the structural and dynamic properties of the type IV collagen trimer. Genetic analysis comparing members of the 3 families indicated a distant relationship with a shared haplotype, implying a founder effect.


Assuntos
Colágeno Tipo IV/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Nefrite Hereditária/genética , Nefrite Hereditária/patologia , Linhagem , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Biópsia por Agulha , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Seguimentos , Efeito Fundador , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Variação Genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Nefrite Hereditária/diagnóstico , Nefrite Hereditária/tratamento farmacológico , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA