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1.
J Biophotonics ; 12(12): e201900218, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31452335

RESUMO

Modern document protection relies on the simultaneous combination of many optical features with micron and submicron structures, whose complexity is the main obstacle for unauthorized copying. In that sense, documents are best protected by the diffractive optical elements generated lithographically and mass-produced by embossing. The problem is that the resulting security elements are identical, facilitating mass-production of both original and counterfeited documents. Here, we prove that each butterfly wing-scale is structurally and optically unique and can be used as an inimitable optical memory tag and applied for document security. Wing-scales, exhibiting angular variability of their color, were laser-cut and bleached to imprint cryptographic information of an authorized issuer. The resulting optical memory tag is extremely durable, as verified by several century-old insect specimens still retaining their coloration. The described technique is simple, amenable to mass-production, low cost and easy to integrate within the existing security infrastructure.

2.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 29(40): 405302, 2017 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28703716

RESUMO

We derive and study the effective spin Hamiltonian of a gated triple quantum dot that includes the effects of spin-orbit interaction and an external magnetic field. In the analysis of the resulting spin interaction in linear and in general triangular geometry of the dots, we show that the pairwise spin interaction does depend on the position of the third dot. The spin-orbit induced anisotropy, in addition to changing its strength, also changes its symmetry with the motion of the third quantum dot outside the linear arrangement. Our results present a simplified model that may be used in the design of quantum computers based on three-spin qubits.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 101(21): 217201, 2008 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19113446

RESUMO

We study the triangular antiferromagnet Cu3 in external electric fields, using symmetry group arguments and a Hubbard model approach. We identify a spin-electric coupling caused by an interplay between spin exchange, spin-orbit interaction, and the chirality of the underlying spin texture of the molecular magnet. This coupling allows for the electric control of the spin (qubit) states, e.g., by using an STM tip or a microwave cavity. We propose an experimental test for identifying molecular magnets exhibiting spin-electric effects.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 96(13): 136401, 2006 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16712008

RESUMO

We study a large ensemble of nuclear spins interacting with a single electron spin in a quantum dot under optical excitation and photon detection. At the two-photon resonance between the two electron-spin states, the detection of light scattering from the intermediate exciton state acts as a weak quantum measurement of the effective magnetic (Overhauser) field due to the nuclear spins. In a coherent population trapping state without light scattering, the nuclear state is projected into an eigenstate of the Overhauser field operator, and electron decoherence due to nuclear spins is suppressed: We show that this limit can be approached by adapting the driving frequencies when a photon is detected. We use a Lindblad equation to describe the driven system under photon emission and detection. Numerically, we find an increase of the electron coherence time from 5 to 500 ns after a preparation time of 10 micros.

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