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1.
Nano Lett ; 21(14): 6245-6252, 2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260259

RESUMO

Light-matter coupling in excitonic materials has been the subject of intense recent investigations due to emergence of new materials. Two-dimensional layered hybrid organic/inorganic perovskites (2D HOIPs) support strongly bound excitons at room temperature with some of the highest oscillator strengths and electric loss tangents among the known excitonic materials. Here, we report strong light-matter coupling in Ruddlesden-Popper phase 2D HOIP crystals without the necessity of an external cavity. We report the concurrent occurrence of multiple orders of hybrid light-matter states via both reflectance and luminescence spectroscopy in thick (>100 nm) crystals and near-unity absorption in thin (<20 nm) crystals. We observe resonances with quality factors of >250 in hybridized exciton-polaritons and identify a linear correlation between exciton-polariton mode splitting and extinction coefficient of the various 2D HOIPs. Our work opens the door to studying polariton dynamics in self-hybridized and open cavity systems with broad applications in optoelectronics and photochemistry.

2.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(6): 063901, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255018

RESUMO

We performed nonlinear optical two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy measurements using an optical resistive high-field magnet on GaAs quantum wells. Magnetic fields up to 25 T can be achieved using the split helix resistive magnet. Two-dimensional spectroscopy measurements based on the coherent four-wave mixing signal require phase stability. Therefore, these measurements are difficult to perform in environments prone to mechanical vibrations. Large resistive magnets use extensive quantities of cooling water, which causes mechanical vibrations, making two-dimensional Fourier transform spectroscopy very challenging. Here, we report on the strategies we used to overcome these challenges and maintain the required phase-stability throughout the measurement. A self-contained portable platform was used to set up the experiments within the time frame provided by a user facility. Furthermore, this platform was floated above the optical table in order to isolate it from vibrations originating from the resistive magnet. Finally, we present two-dimensional Fourier transform spectra obtained from GaAs quantum wells at magnetic fields up to 25 T and demonstrate the utility of this technique in providing important details, which are obscured in one dimensional spectroscopy.

3.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 3720, 2018 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30213976

RESUMO

We present time-integrated four-wave mixing measurements on monolayer MoSe2 in magnetic fields up to 25 T. The experimental data together with time-dependent density function theory calculations provide interesting insights into the biexciton formation and dynamics. In the presence of magnetic fields the coherence at negative and positive time delays is dominated by intervalley biexcitons. We demonstrate that magnetic fields can serve as a control to enhance the biexciton formation and help search for more exotic states of matter, including the creation of multiple exciton complexes and excitonic condensates.

4.
Am J Med Genet A ; 118A(1): 71-5, 2003 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12605446

RESUMO

We describe a rare case of progressive osseous heteroplasia of the face in a child. Biopsy showed osteoma cutis superficially with ectopic bone formation in the deeper tissues including skeletal muscle. Analysis of DNA from peripheral blood leukocytes showed mutations in the gene encoding the alpha subunit of the stimulatory G protein of adenylyl cyclase (GNAS1), confirming the diagnosis of progressive osseous heteroplasia.


Assuntos
Ossos Faciais/fisiopatologia , Osteoma/fisiopatologia , Criança , Derme/patologia , Epiderme/patologia , Face/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Subunidades alfa Gs de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Subunidades alfa Gs de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Humanos , Osteoma/genética
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