Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 61
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Am J Med Genet A ; 179(9): 1820-1825, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313479

RESUMO

Pathogenic germline variation in the microRNA processing gene DICER1 gives rise to an autosomal dominant, tumor-predisposition disorder. Conditional deletion of Dicer1 in murine dental epithelium shows that it controls tooth patterning, size, number, and shape. The human dental phenotype of people with germline pathogenic variation in DICER1 is unknown. DICER1-carriers (n = 57) and family controls (n = 55) were evaluated at the NIH Clinical Center dental clinic as part of a comprehensive medical evaluation. Digital panoramic radiographs, bite-wing radiographs, and oral photographs were collected. A single observer, blind to DICER1 status, reviewed the dental records and determined the presence or absence of 11 dental characteristics as described in the clinic notes, radiographs, or oral photographs. Subjective phenotypes were reviewed on radiographs by two examiners (blind to DICER1 status) for the presence or absence of the dental characteristics to reduce inconsistencies. By simple association, bulbous crown, periodontitis, and taurodontism were all significant (p < .05). Logistic regression with chi-square maximum likelihood estimates showed that bulbous crown and periodontitis remained significant. Recognition of these phenotypes may aid identification of individuals and families at risk for DICER1-associated neoplasms. These findings may also guide dental care for individuals with germline DICER1 pathogenic variation.

2.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296931

RESUMO

We report two malignant sacrococcygeal tumors in infants that were associated with pathogenic DICER1 variation. These tumors were composed of primitive neuroepithelium, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and cartilage and initially diagnosed as immature teratomas. One child developed intracranial metastasis and died. The second child underwent surgery and chemotherapy and achieved complete remission. This child subsequently developed five additional DICER1-associated neoplasms by age nine. Genetic analysis revealed that both tumors harbored biallelic pathogenic DICER1 variation. We believe these cases represent another novel subtype of DICER1-associated tumor. This new entity, which we propose to call DICER1-associated presacral malignant teratoid neoplasm, may be difficult initially to distinguish from immature teratoma, but recognizing it as an entity can prompt appropriate classification as an aggressive malignancy and facilitate appropriate genetic counseling, DICER1 germline variant testing, screening, and education.

5.
Neuro Oncol ; 2019 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30722027

RESUMO

Background: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a tumor-predisposition disorder caused by germline mutations in NF1. NF1 patients have an 8-16% lifetime risk of developing a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), a highly-aggressive soft-tissue sarcoma, often arising from pre-existing benign plexiform neurofibromas (PN) and atypical neurofibromas (ANF). ANF are distinct from both PN and MPNST, representing an intermediate step in malignant transformation. Methods: In the first comprehensive genomic analysis of ANF originating from multiple patients, we performed tumor/normal whole-exome sequencing (WES) of 16 ANFs. In addition, we conducted WES of three MPNSTs, copy-number meta-analysis of 26 ANFs and 28 MPNSTs, and whole transcriptome sequencing analysis of five ANFs and five MPNSTs. Results: We identified a low number of mutations (median 1, range 0-5) in the exomes of ANFs (only NF1 somatic mutations were recurrent), and frequent deletions of CDKN2A/B (69%) and SMARCA2 (42%). We determined that polycomb repressor complex 2 (PRC2) genes EED or SUZ12 were frequently mutated, deleted or downregulated in MPNSTs but not in ANFs. Our pilot gene expression study revealed upregulated NRAS, MDM2, CCND1/2/3 and CDK4/6 in ANFs and MPNSTs, and overexpression of EZH2 in MPNSTs only. Conclusions: The PN-ANF transition is primarily driven by the deletion of CDKN2A/B. Further progression from ANF to MPNST likely involves broad chromosomal rearrangements and frequent inactivation of the PRC2 genes, loss of the DNA repair genes, and copy-number increase of signal transduction, cell cycle and pluripotency self-renewal genes.

6.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(8): 668-676, 2019 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30715996

RESUMO

PURPOSE: DICER1 syndrome is an autosomal-dominant, pleiotropic tumor-predisposition disorder caused by pathogenic germline variants in DICER1. We sought to quantify risk, hazard rates, and the probability of neoplasm incidence accounting for competing risks ("cumulative incidence") of neoplasms (benign and malignant) and standardized incidence ratios for malignant tumors in individuals with DICER1 pathogenic variation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We combined data from three large cohorts of patients who carry germline pathogenic variation in DICER1. To reduce ascertainment bias, we distinguished probands from nonprobands. Neoplasm diagnoses were confirmed by review of pathology reports and/or central review of surgical pathology materials. Standardized cancer incidence ratios were determined relative to the SEER program, which does not capture all DICER1-associated neoplasms. For all malignancies and benign tumors ("neoplasms," excluding type Ir pleuropulmonary blastoma and thyroid nodules), we used the Kaplan-Meier method and nonparametric cumulative incidence curves to estimate neoplasm-free survival. RESULTS: We calculated the age at first neoplasm diagnosis (systematically ascertained cancers plus DICER1-associated neoplasms pleuropulmonary blastoma, cystic nephroma, and nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma) in 102 female and male nonproband DICER1 carriers. By age 10 years, 5.3% (95% CI, 0.6% to 9.7%) of nonproband DICER1 carriers had developed a neoplasm (females, 4.0%; males, 6.6%). By age 50 years, 19.3% (95% CI, 8.4% to 29.0%) of nonprobands had developed a neoplasm (females, 26.5%; males, 10.2%). After age 10 years, female risk was elevated compared with male risk. Standardized cancer incidence ratio analysis of 102 nonproband DICER1 carriers, which represented 3,344 person-years of observation, showed significant cancer excesses overall, particularly of gynecologic and thyroid cancers. CONCLUSION: This work provides the first quantitative analysis of site-specific neoplasm risk and excess malignancy risk in 102 systematically characterized nonproband DICER1 carriers. Our findings inform DICER1 syndrome phenotype, natural history, and genetic counseling.

7.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(3): e555, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30672147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The DICER1 syndrome is an autosomal dominant tumor-predisposition disorder associated with pleuropulmonary blastoma, a rare pediatric lung cancer. Somatic missense variation in "hotspot" codons in the RNaseIIIb domain (E1705, D1709, G1809, D1810, E1813) is observed in DICER1-associated tumors. Previously, we found the prevalence of germline pathogenic DICER1 variation in the general population is 1:10,600. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of pathogenic DICER1 germline variation in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA; 32 adult cancer types; 9,173 exomes) and the Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatment (TARGET; two pediatric cancer types; 175 exomes) cohorts. METHODS: All datasets were annotated and binned into four categories: pathogenic, likely pathogenic, variant of unknown significance, or likely benign. RESULTS: The prevalence of DICER1 pathogenic variants was 1:4,600 in TCGA. A single participant with a uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma harbored two pathogenic germline DICER1 (hotspot and splice-donor) variants, and a single participant with a rectal adenocarcinoma harbored a germline DICER1 stop-gained variant. In the smaller TARGET dataset, we observed no pathogenic germline variants. CONCLUSION: This is the largest comprehensive analysis of DICER1 pathogenic variation in adult and pediatric cancer populations using publicly available data. The observation of germline DICER1 variation with uterine corpus endometrial carcinoma merits additional investigation.


Assuntos
RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Neoplasias/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Ribonuclease III/genética , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Humanos
8.
JAMA Oncol ; 5(4): 514-522, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30676620

RESUMO

Importance: Approximately 50% of the risk for the development of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) is estimated to be heritable, but no mendelian TGCT predisposition genes have yet been identified. It is hypothesized that inherited pathogenic DNA repair gene (DRG) alterations may drive susceptibility to TGCTs. Objective: To systematically evaluate the enrichment of germline pathogenic variants in the mendelian cancer predisposition DRGs in patients with TGCTs vs healthy controls. Design, Setting, and Participants: A case-control enrichment analysis was performed from January 2016 to May 2018 to screen for 48 DRGs in 205 unselected men with TGCT and 27 173 ancestry-matched cancer-free individuals from the Exome Aggregation Consortium cohort in the discovery stage. Significant findings were selectively replicated in independent cohorts of 448 unselected men with TGCTs and 442 population-matched controls, as well as 231 high-risk men with TGCTs and 3090 ancestry-matched controls. Statistical analysis took place from January to May 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Gene-level enrichment analysis of germline pathogenic variants in individuals with TGCTs relative to cancer-free controls. Results: Among 205 unselected men with TGCTs (mean [SD] age, 33.04 [9.67] years), 22 pathogenic germline DRG variants, one-third of which were in CHEK2 (OMIM 604373), were identified in 20 men (9.8%; 95% CI, 6.1%-14.7%). Unselected men with TGCTs were approximately 4 times more likely to carry germline loss-of-function CHEK2 variants compared with cancer-free individuals from the Exome Aggregation Consortium cohort (odds ratio [OR], 3.87; 95% CI, 1.65-8.86; nominal P = .006; q = 0.018). Similar enrichment was also seen in an independent cohort of 448 unselected Croatian men with TGCTs (mean [SD] age, 31.98 [8.11] years) vs 442 unselected Croatian men without TGCTs (at least 50 years of age at time of sample collection) (OR, >1.4; P = .03) and 231 high-risk men with TGCTs (mean [SD] age, 31.54 [9.24] years) vs 3090 men (all older than 50 years) from the Penn Medicine Biobank (OR, 6.30; 95% CI, 2.34-17.31; P = .001). The low-penetrance CHEK2 variant (p.Ile157Thr) was found to be a Croatian founder TGCT risk variant (OR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.53-9.95; P = .002). Individuals with the pathogenic CHEK2 loss-of-function variants developed TGCTs 6 years earlier than individuals with CHEK2 wild-type alleles (5.95 years; 95% CI, 1.48-10.42; P = .009). Conclusions and Relevance: This multicenter case-control analysis of men with or without TGCTs provides evidence for CHEK2 as a novel moderate-penetrance TGCT susceptibility gene, with potential clinical utility. In addition to highlighting DNA-repair deficiency as a potential mechanism driving TGCT susceptibility, this analysis also provides new avenues to explore management strategies and biological investigations for high-risk individuals.

9.
Genome Med ; 10(1): 99, 2018 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583724

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior research has established that the prevalence of pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants across all of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) Secondary Findings (SF) genes is approximately 0.8-5%. We investigated the prevalence of P/LP variants in the 24 ACMG SF v2.0 cancer genes in a family-based cancer research cohort (n = 1173) and in cancer-free ethnicity-matched controls (n = 982). METHODS: We used InterVar to classify variants and subsequently conducted a manual review to further examine variants of unknown significance (VUS). RESULTS: In the 24 genes on the ACMG SF v2.0 list associated with a cancer phenotype, we observed 8 P/LP unique variants (8 individuals; 0.8%) in controls and 11 P/LP unique variants (14 individuals; 1.2%) in cases, a non-significant difference. We reviewed 115 VUS. The median estimated per-variant review time required was 30 min; the first variant within a gene took significantly (p = 0.0009) longer to review (median = 60 min) compared with subsequent variants (median = 30 min). The concordance rate was 83.3% for the variants examined by two reviewers. CONCLUSION: The 115 VUS required database and literature review, a time- and labor-intensive process hampered by the difficulty in interpreting conflicting P/LP determinations. By rigorously investigating the 24 ACMG SF v2.0 cancer genes, our work establishes a benchmark P/LP variant prevalence rate in a familial cancer cohort and controls.


Assuntos
Genes Neoplásicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Neoplasias/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
10.
Hum Mutat ; 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30352134

RESUMO

Reports of variable cancer penetrance in Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) have raised questions regarding the prevalence of pathogenic germline TP53 variants. We previously reported higher-than-expected population prevalence estimates in sequencing databases composed of individuals unselected for cancer history. This study aimed to expand and further evaluate the prevalence of pathogenic and likely pathogenic germline TP53 variants in the gnomAD dataset (version r2.0.2, n = 138,632). Variants were selected and classified based on our previously published algorithm and compared with alternative estimates based on three different classification databases: ClinVar, HGMD, and the UMD_TP53 database. Conservative prevalence estimates of pathogenic and likely pathogenic TP53 variants were within the range of one carrier in 3,555-5,476 individuals. Less stringent classification increased the approximate prevalence to one carrier in every 400-865 individuals, mainly due to the inclusion of the controvertible p.N235S, p.V31I, and p.R290H variants. This study shows a higher-than-expected population prevalence of pathogenic and likely pathogenic germline TP53 variants even with the most conservative estimates. However, these estimates may not necessarily reflect the prevalence of the classical LFS phenotype, which is based upon family history of cancer. Comprehensive approaches are needed to better understand the interplay of germline TP53 variant classification, prevalence estimates, cancer penetrance, and LFS-associated phenotype.

12.
Ophthalmology ; 2018 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339877

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To characterize the ocular phenotype of DICER1 syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective, single-center, case-control study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred three patients with an identified germline pathogenic DICER1 variant (DICER1 carriers) and 69 family control participants underwent clinical and ophthalmic examination at the National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2016. METHODS: All participants were evaluated with a comprehensive ophthalmic examination, including best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp biomicroscopy, and a dilated fundus examination. A subset of patients returned for a more detailed evaluation including spectral-domain OCT, color fundus photography, fundus autofluorescence imaging, visual field testing, full-field electroretinography, and genetic testing for inherited retinal degenerative diseases. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Visual acuity and examination findings. RESULTS: Most DICER1 carriers (97%) maintained a visual acuity of 20/40 or better in both eyes. Twenty-three DICER1 carriers (22%) showed ocular abnormalities compared with 4 family controls (6%; P = 0.005). These abnormalities included retinal pigment abnormalities (n = 6 [5.8%]), increased cup-to-disc ratio (n = 5 [4.9%]), optic nerve abnormalities (n = 2 [1.9%]), epiretinal membrane (n = 2 [1.9%]), and drusen (n = 2 [1.9%]). Overall, we observed a significant difference (P = 0.03) in the rate of retinal abnormalities in DICER1 carriers (n = 11 [11%]) versus controls (n = 1 [1.5%]). One patient demonstrated an unexpected diagnosis of retinitis pigmentosa with a novel variant of unknown significance in PRPF31, and 1 showed optic nerve elevation in the setting of increased intracranial pressure (ICP) of unclear cause. Three patients (3%) demonstrated DICER1-related ciliary body medulloepithelioma (CBME), 2 of which were identified during routine examination, a higher rate than that reported previously. CONCLUSIONS: Ophthalmologists should be aware of the ophthalmic manifestations of DICER1 syndrome, and individuals and families should be counseled on the potential signs and symptoms. We recommend that children with a germline pathogenic variant in DICER1, especially those younger than 10 years, undergo annual dilated ophthalmic examination, looking for evidence of CBME, signs of increased ICP, and perhaps changes in the retinal pigment epithelium.

13.
Pediatr Nephrol ; 33(12): 2281-2288, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The DICER1 syndrome is a tumor-predisposition disorder caused by germline pathogenic variation in DICER1 and is associated with cystic nephroma and other renal neoplasms. Dicer1 mouse and rare human DICER1 syndrome case reports describe structural kidney and collecting system anomalies. We investigated renal function and the frequency of structural abnormalities of the kidney and collecting system in individuals with germline loss-of-function variants in DICER1. METHODS: In this family-based cohort study, prospectively ascertained germline DICER1-mutation carriers (DICER1-carriers) and unaffected family controls were evaluated at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center with renal ultrasound and comprehensive laboratory testing. Two radiologists reviewed the imaging studies from all participants for structural abnormalities, cysts, and tumors. RESULTS: Eighty-nine DICER1-carriers and 61 family controls were studied. Renal cysts were detected in 1/33 DICER1-carrier children without history of cystic nephroma. Similar proportions of adult DICER1-carriers (8/48; 17%) and controls (11/50; 22%) had ultrasound-detected renal cysts (P = 0.504). 8/89 (9%) DICER1-carriers harbored ultrasound-detected structural abnormalities of varying severity within the collecting system or kidney, nephrolithiasis, or nephrocalcinosis. None of the family controls (0/61) had similar findings on ultrasound (P = 0.02). No meaningful differences in renal laboratory values between DICER1-carriers and unaffected family controls were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Our report is the first to systematically characterize renal function and anatomy in a large prospective cohort of DICER1-carriers and DICER1-negative family controls. DICER1-carriers may be at increased risk of structural anomalies of the kidney or collecting system. The role for DICER1 in renal morphogenesis merits additional investigation.

14.
Genet Med ; 20(7): 671-682, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30006586

RESUMO

DISCLAIMER: This practice resource is designed primarily as an educational resource for medical geneticists and other clinicians to help them provide quality medical services. Adherence to this practice resource is completely voluntary and does not necessarily assure a successful medical outcome. This practice resource should not be considered inclusive of all proper procedures and tests or exclusive of other procedures and tests that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. In determining the propriety of any specific procedure or test, the clinician should apply his or her own professional judgment to the specific clinical circumstances presented by the individual patient or specimen. Clinicians are encouraged to document the reasons for the use of a particular procedure or test, whether or not it is in conformance with this practice resource. Clinicians also are advised to take notice of the date this practice resource was adopted, and to consider other medical and scientific information that becomes available after that date. It also would be prudent to consider whether intellectual property interests may restrict the performance of certain tests and other procedures. PURPOSE: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder that is caused by a heterozygous loss-of-function variant in the tumor suppressor gene NF1; it affects ~1/1,900-1/3,500 people worldwide. The disorder is associated with an 8-15-year reduction in average life expectancy in both men and women, primarily due to malignant neoplasms and cardiovascular causes. METHODS: A work group of experts sought to determine the prevalence, morbidity and mortality, and available treatments of common and emerging NF1-related clinical problems in adults. Work-group members identified peer-reviewed publications from PubMed. Publications derived from populations and multi-institution cohorts were prioritized. Recommendations for management arose by consensus from this literature and the collective expertise of the authors. RESULTS: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST), breast cancer, cutaneous neurofibromas, and significant psychiatric and neurologic diagnoses are common problems in patients with NF1. CONCLUSION: Patient education and sensitization to worrisome signs and symptoms such as progressive severe pain (MPNST), changes in tumor volume (MPNST), new, unexplained neurologic symptoms (MPNST, brain tumors), and diaphoresis/palpitations (pheochromocytoma) are important. Although many issues in adults with NF1 can be managed by an internist or family physician, we strongly encourage evaluation by, and care coordination with, a specialized NF1 clinic.

15.
Br J Haematol ; 181(3): 372-377, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29693246

RESUMO

In a previous whole exome sequencing of patients from 41 families with Hodgkin lymphoma, we identified two families with distinct heterozygous rare coding variants in POT1 (D224N and Y36H), both in a highly conserved region of the gene. POT1 D224N mutant did not bind to a single-stranded telomere oligonucleotide in vitro suggesting the mutation perturbs POT1's ability to bind to the telomeric G-rich overhang. Human HT1080 cells expressing POT1 D224N and lymphoblastoid cells carrying Y36H both showed increased telomere length and fragility in comparison to wild type cells. This strongly suggests that mutant POT1 causes chromosome instability and may play a role in lymphomagenesis in these families.

16.
Clin Cancer Res ; 24(10): 2251-2261, 2018 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29343557

RESUMO

Pathogenic germline DICER1 variants cause a hereditary cancer predisposition syndrome with a variety of manifestations. In addition to conferring increased cancer risks for pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) and ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors, particularly Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor, individuals with pathogenic germline DICER1 variants may also develop lung cysts, cystic nephroma, renal sarcoma and Wilms tumor, nodular hyperplasia of the thyroid, nasal chondromesenchymal hamartoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, genitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and brain tumors including pineoblastoma and pituitary blastoma. In May 2016, the International PPB Registry convened the inaugural International DICER1 Symposium to develop consensus testing and surveillance and treatment recommendations. Attendees from North America, Europe, and Russia provided expert representation from the disciplines of pediatric oncology, endocrinology, genetics, genetic counseling, radiology, pediatric surgery, pathology, and clinical research. Recommendations are provided for genetic testing; prenatal management; and surveillance for DICER1-associated pulmonary, renal, gynecologic, thyroid, ophthalmologic, otolaryngologic, and central nervous system tumors and gastrointestinal polyps. Risk for most DICER1-associated neoplasms is highest in early childhood and decreases in adulthood. Individual and caregiver education and judicious imaging-based surveillance are the primary recommended approaches. These testing and surveillance recommendations reflect a consensus of expert opinion and current literature. As DICER1 research expands, guidelines for screening and treatment will continue to be updated. Clin Cancer Res; 24(10); 2251-61. ©2018 AACR.

17.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 109(8)2017 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29117388

RESUMO

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is an aggressive soft tissue sarcoma for which the only effective therapy is surgery. In 2016, an international meeting entitled "MPNST State of the Science: Outlining a Research Agenda for the Future" was convened to establish short- and long-term research priorities. Key recommendations included the: 1) development of standardized, cost-efficient fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and whole-body magnetic resonance imaging guidelines to evaluate masses concerning for MPNST; 2) development of better understanding and histologic criteria for the transformation of a plexiform neurofibroma to MPNST; 3) establishment of a centralized database to collect genetic, genomic, histologic, immunohistochemical, molecular, radiographic, treatment, and related clinical data from MPNST subspecialty centers in a standardized manner; 4) creation of accurate mouse models to study the plexiform neurofibroma-to-MPNST transition, MPNST metastasis, and drug resistance; 5) use of trial designs that minimize regulatory requirements, maximize availability to patients, consider novel secondary end points, and study patients with newly diagnosed disease. Lastly, in order to minimize delays in developing novel therapies and promote the most efficient use of research resources and patient samples, data sharing should be incentivized.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/terapia , Neurilemoma/terapia , Neurofibromatose 1/terapia , Terapias em Estudo/tendências , Consenso , Humanos , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/complicações , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/complicações , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Terapias em Estudo/métodos
18.
Gynecol Oncol ; 147(3): 521-527, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29037807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors (OSCST) include juvenile granulosa cell tumors (JGCT), Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT) and gynandroblastoma (GAB) among others. These ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors as well as other tumors including pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB) may be associated with DICER1 mutations. We sought to describe the clinical and genetic findings from the first 107 individuals enrolled in the International Ovarian and Testicular Stromal Tumor Registry. METHODS: Medical and family history were obtained for individuals consecutively enrolled in the International Ovarian and Testicular Stromal Tumor Registry. Pathology was centrally reviewed. DICER1 sequencing was performed on blood and tumor tissue. RESULTS: Of the 107 participants, 49 had SLCT, 25 had JGCT and 5 had GAB. Nearly all (36/37) SLCTs and 4/4 GAB tested had a DICER1 mutation in an RNase IIIb domain hotspot; approximately half of these individuals had a predisposing germline DICER1 mutation. Metachronous SLCTs were seen in 3 individuals with germline DICER1 mutations. Other DICER1-associated conditions were seen in 19% of patients with SLCT or GAB. Three children of women with SLCT were diagnosed with PPB based on genetic testing and clinical screening during the course of this study. All were diagnosed with PPB in its earliest and most curable form (Type I), were treated with surgery alone, and are alive without evidence of disease. CONCLUSIONS: Recognition of the distinct genetic basis for a group of these tumors improves precise classification in difficult cases and promotes mutation-based screening and early detection.


Assuntos
RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Ribonuclease III/genética , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gonadal e dos Cordões Sexuais/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Lactente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mosaicismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/enzimologia , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gonadal e dos Cordões Sexuais/enzimologia , Tumores do Estroma Gonadal e dos Cordões Sexuais/patologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Hum Mutat ; 38(12): 1723-1730, 2017 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28861920

RESUMO

Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS) is an autosomal-dominant cancer predisposition disorder associated with pathogenic germline variants in TP53, with a high penetrance over an individual's lifetime. The actual population prevalence of pathogenic germline TP53 mutations is still unclear, most likely due to biased selection of cancer affected families. The aim of this study was to estimate the population prevalence of potentially pathogenic TP53 exonic variants in three sequencing databases, totaling 63,983 unrelated individuals. Potential pathogenicity was defined using an original algorithm combining bioinformatic prediction tools, suggested clinical significance, and functional data. We identified 34 different potentially pathogenic TP53 variants in 131 out of 63,983 individuals (0.2%). Twenty-eight (82%) of these variants fell within the DNA-binding domain of TP53, with an enrichment for specific variants that were not previously identified as LFS mutation hotspots, such as the p.R290H and p.N235S variants. Our findings reveal that the population prevalence of potentially pathogenic TP53 variants may be up to 10 times higher than previously estimated from family-based studies. These results point to the need for further studies aimed at evaluating cancer penetrance modifiers as well as the risk associated between cancer and rare TP53 variants.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Exoma/genética , Variação Genética , Síndrome de Li-Fraumeni/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Família , Feminino , Genótipo , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Penetrância , Prevalência , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
20.
Int J Cancer ; 141(10): 2030-2036, 2017 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28748527

RESUMO

The DICER1 syndrome is associated with a variety of rare benign and malignant tumors, including pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB), cystic nephroma (CN) and Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor (SLCT). The prevalence and penetrance of pathogenic DICER1 variation in the general population is unknown. We examined three publicly-available germline whole exome sequence datasets: Exome Aggregation Consortium (ExAC), 1,000 Genomes (1,000 G) and the Exome Sequencing Project (ESP). To avoid over-estimation of pathogenic DICER1 variation from cancer-associated exomes, we excluded The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) variants from ExAC. All datasets were annotated with snpEff and ANNOVAR and variants were classified into four categories: likely benign (LB), unknown significance (VUS), likely pathogenic (LP), or pathogenic (P). The prevalence of DICER1 P/LP variants was 1:870 to 1:2,529 in ExAC-nonTCGA (53,105 exomes) estimated by metaSVM and REVEL/CADD, respectively. A more stringent prevalence calculation considering only loss-of-function and previously-published pathogenic variants detected in ExAC-nonTCGA, yielded a prevalence of 1:10,600. Despite the rarity of most DICER1 syndrome tumors, pathogenic DICER1 variation is more common than expected. If confirmed, these findings may inform future sequencing-based newborn screening programs for PPB, CN and SLCT, in which early detection improves prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Doenças Renais Císticas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Blastoma Pulmonar/genética , Ribonuclease III/genética , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Doenças Renais Císticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Blastoma Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA