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1.
Obstet Gynecol ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the ability of a hospital-wide, bundled quality-improvement initiative to improve postpartum maternal blood pressure control and adherence to postpartum follow-up among patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. METHODS: This quality-improvement initiative consisted of a bundle of clinical interventions including health care professional and patient education, a dedicated nurse educator, and protocols for postpartum hypertensive disorders of pregnancy care in the inpatient, outpatient and readmission setting. We implemented this initiative in patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy starting in January 2019 at the University of Chicago. The study period was divided into four periods, which correspond to preintervention, distinct bundle roll outs, and postintervention. Our primary outcome was postpartum hypertension visit adherence. Secondary outcomes included blood pressure values and antihypertensive medication use in the immediate postpartum and outpatient postpartum time periods. We then stratified our outcomes by race to assess whether the effect size differed. RESULTS: A total of 926 patients who delivered between September 2018 and November 2019 were included. Postpartum hypertension visit adherence improved from preintervention period compared with the full implementation period (33.5% vs 59.4%, P<.001). Blood pressure in the first 24 hours postpartum decreased from preintervention compared with full implementation (preintervention median [interquartile range] systolic blood pressure 149 mm Hg [138, 159] vs 137 [131, 146] in postimplementation; P<.001). After implementation, fewer patients experienced a blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg or higher at the first postpartum blood pressure check, when compared with preintervention (39.1% vs 18.5%, P=.004). The effect size did not differ by race. CONCLUSION: A bundled quality-improvement initiative for patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy was associated with improved postpartum visit adherence and blood pressure control in the postpartum period.

2.
Anthropol Med ; 28(2): 188-204, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196238

RESUMO

'Medical iatrogenesis' was first defined by Illich as injuries 'done to patients by ineffective, unsafe, and erroneous treatments'. Following Lokumage's original usage of the term, this paper explores 'obstetric iatrogenesis' along a spectrum ranging from unintentional harm (UH) to overt disrespect, violence, and abuse (DVA), employing the acronym 'UHDVA' for this spectrum. This paper draws attention to the systemic maltreatment rooted in the technocratic model of birth, which includes UH normalized forms of mistreatment that childbearers and providers may not recognize as abusive. Equally, this paper assesses how obstetric iatrogenesis disproportionately impacts Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC), contributing to worse perinatal outcomes for BIPOC childbearers. Much of the work on 'obstetric violence' that documents the most detrimental end of the UHDVA spectrum has focused on low-to-middle income countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Based on a dataset of 62 interviews and on our personal observations, this paper shows that significant UHDVA also occurs in the high-income U.S., provide concrete examples, and suggest humanistic solutions.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/etnologia , Doença Iatrogênica/etnologia , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Antropologia Médica , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Estados Unidos , Violência/etnologia
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