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2.
ESC Heart Fail ; 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167681

RESUMO

AIMS: Activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF) and has been associated with poor prognosis. There are limited data on the associations of renin and aldosterone levels with clinical profiles, treatment response, and study outcomes in patients with HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed 2,039 patients with available baseline renin and aldosterone levels in BIOSTAT-CHF (a systems BIOlogy study to Tailored Treatment in Chronic Heart Failure). The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause mortality or HF hospitalization. We also investigated changes in renin and aldosterone levels after administration of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) in a subset of the EPHESUS trial and in an acute HF cohort (PORTO). In BIOSTAT-CHF study, median renin and aldosterone levels were 85.3 (percentile25-75 = 28-247) µIU/mL and 9.4 (percentile25-75 = 4.4-19.8) ng/dL, respectively. Prior HF admission, lower blood pressure, sodium, poorer renal function, and MRA treatment were associated with higher renin and aldosterone. Higher renin was associated with an increased rate of the primary outcome [highest vs. lowest renin tertile: adjusted-HR (95% CI) = 1.47 (1.16-1.86), P = 0.002], whereas higher aldosterone was not [highest vs. lowest aldosterone tertile: adjusted-HR (95% CI) = 1.16 (0.93-1.44), P = 0.19]. Renin and/or aldosterone did not improve the BIOSTAT-CHF prognostic models. The rise in aldosterone with the use of MRAs was observed in EPHESUS and PORTO studies. CONCLUSIONS: Circulating levels of renin and aldosterone were associated with both the disease severity and use of MRAs. By reflecting both the disease and its treatments, the prognostic discrimination of these biomarkers was poor. Our data suggest that the "point" measurement of renin and aldosterone in HF is of limited clinical utility.

3.
Biomarkers ; 25(2): 201-211, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32063068

RESUMO

Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a heterogeneous syndrome for which clear evidence of effective therapies is lacking. Understanding which factors determine this heterogeneity may be helped by better phenotyping. An unsupervised statistical approach applied to a large set of biomarkers may identify distinct HFpEF phenotypes.Methods: Relevant proteomic biomarkers were analyzed in 392 HFpEF patients included in Metabolic Road to Diastolic HF (MEDIA-DHF). We performed an unsupervised cluster analysis to define distinct phenotypes. Cluster characteristics were explored with logistic regression. The association between clusters and 1-year cardiovascular (CV) death and/or CV hospitalization was studied using Cox regression.Results: Based on 415 biomarkers, we identified 2 distinct clusters. Clinical variables associated with cluster 2 were diabetes, impaired renal function, loop diuretics and/or betablockers. In addition, 17 biomarkers were higher expressed in cluster 2 vs. 1. Patients in cluster 2 vs. those in 1 experienced higher rates of CV death/CV hospitalization (adj. HR 1.93, 95% CI 1.12-3.32, p = 0.017). Complex-network analyses linked these biomarkers to immune system activation, signal transduction cascades, cell interactions and metabolism.Conclusion: Unsupervised machine-learning algorithms applied to a wide range of biomarkers identified 2 HFpEF clusters with different CV phenotypes and outcomes. The identified pathways may provide a basis for future research.Clinical significanceMore insight is obtained in the mechanisms related to poor outcome in HFpEF patients since it was demonstrated that biomarkers associated with the high-risk cluster were related to the immune system, signal transduction cascades, cell interactions and metabolismBiomarkers (and pathways) identified in this study may help select high-risk HFpEF patients which could be helpful for the inclusion/exclusion of patients in future trials.Our findings may be the basis of investigating therapies specifically targeting these pathways and the potential use of corresponding markers potentially identifying patients with distinct mechanistic bioprofiles most likely to respond to the selected mechanistically targeted therapies.

4.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 109(2): 194-204, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31250134

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: After myocardial infarction complicated by heart failure or diabetes, eplerenone (compared to placebo) significantly decreases amino-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (PIIINP). Determining the subset of patients who are more prone to have a decrease in PIIINP and those who may respond better to the anti-fibrotic effects of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA) therapy may be relevant for a personalized treatment approach. The aim of this study is to identify predictors of a PIIINP decrease and assess potential subgroups of "responders" to eplerenone. METHODS: Clinical factors and biomarkers were evaluated as predictors of a PIIINP decrease from randomization to month 9 in 323 patients from the biomarker substudy of Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study (EPHESUS). Additionally, the association between PIIINP decrease and the composite of cardiovascular (CV) death or CV hospitalization were also explored. External validation was performed in the REMINDER trial. RESULTS: Female sex, eplerenone, reperfusion therapy, potassium < 4 mmol/L, circulating levels of PIIINP ≥ 3.6 ng/mL and PINP ≥ 27 ng/mL predicted a PIIINP decrease (AUC = 0.75). Randomization PIIINP showed a significant interaction with the treatment allocation: patients with PIIINP ≥ 3.6 ng/mL had a better response (decrease in PIIINP) to eplerenone (OR for PIIINP ≥ 3.6 = 2.9, 95% CI 1.46-5.89, p = 0.003) and OR for PIIINP < 3.6 = 1.09, 95% CI 0.55-2.2, p = 0.8; interactionp = 0.026). These findings were internally robust using another statistical approach (LOESS). External validation showed good discrimination (AUC = 0.70). There was a tendency toward a lower rate of CV death/CV hospitalizations in patients with decreased PIIINP (adjusted HR = 0.52, 95% CI 0.26-1.02, p = 0.058). CONCLUSION: In patients who had a myocardial infarction, clinical factors used in combination and treatment with eplerenone were associated with a PIIINP decrease. Interestingly, higher randomization PIIINP levels might help in identifying patients more prone to have an "anti-fibrotic response" when treated with MRAs. Predictors of an antifibrotic response after MI complicated by HF. Several clinical factors and biomarkers predicted a PIIINP decrease after an MI complicated by HF. There was a significant interaction between baseline PIIINP levels and eplerenone treatment: patients with baseline PIIINP ≥ 3.6 mmol/L treated with eplerenone had the best response (PIIINP decrease).

5.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(14): e010309, 2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296084

RESUMO

Background Our aim was to calibrate and externally revalidate the ELAN-HF (European Collaboration on Acute Decompensated Heart Failure) score, to confirm and improve on a previous external validation of the risk score. Methods and Results The ELAN-HF score predicts 6-month all-cause mortality in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure using absolute and percentage change of NT-proBNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide) levels in addition to clinical variables. For the external validation, we used the PRIMA II (Can NT-proBNP-Guided Therapy During Hospital Admission for Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Reduce Mortality and Readmissions?) trial. For both data sets, observed versus predicted mortality was compared for the 4 risk categories; and the mean predicted mortality was plotted against the observed mortality with calculation of a correlation coefficient and SEE. The model discriminant ability was determined by comparing the C-statistics for both data sets. The predicted versus actual 6-month mortality values in the derivation cohort were 3.7% versus 3.6% for the low-risk category, 9.4% versus 9.2% for the intermediate-risk category, 24.2% versus 23.5% for the high-risk category, and 54.2% versus 51.1% for the very-high-risk category. The correlation between predicted and observed mortality by deciles was 0.92, with an SEE of ±4%. In the validation cohort, predicted versus actual 6-month mortality values were 3.0% versus 2.2% for the low-risk category, 9.4% versus 8.2% for the intermediate-risk category, 25.0% versus 22.9% for the high-risk category, and 56.8% versus 53.6% for the very-high-risk category. The correlation between predicted and actual mortality by quintiles was 0.99, with an SEE of ±2%. There was no significant difference in C-statistic between the derivation cohort (0.78; 95% CI, 0.74-0.82) and the validation cohort (0.77; 95% CI, 0.69-0.84; P=0.693). Conclusions Our study confirms that the ELAN-HF score predicts accurately 6-month mortality in patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure with the use of easily obtained characteristics.

7.
Heart ; 105(15): 1182-1189, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed the prognostic significance of absolute and percentage change in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in patients hospitalised for acute decompensated heart failure with preservedejection fraction (HFpEF) versus heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS: Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≥50% were categorised as HFpEF (n=283), while those with <40% as were categorised as HFrEF (n=776). Prognostic values of absolute and percentage change in NT-proBNP levels for 6 months all-cause mortality after discharge were assessed separately in patients with HFpEF and HFrEF by multivariable adjusted Cox regression analysis. Comorbidities were compared between heart failure groups. RESULTS: Discharge NT-proBNP levels predicted outcome similarly in HFpEF and HFrEF: for any 2.7-factor increase in NT-proBNP levels, the HR for mortality was 2.14 for HFpEF (95% CI 1.48 to 3.09) and 1.96 for HFrEF (95% CI 1.60 to 2.40). Mortality prediction was equally possible for NT-proBNP reduction of ≤30% (HR 4.60, 95% CI 1.47 to 14.40 and HR 3.36, 95% CI 1.93 to 5.85 for HFpEF and HFrEF, respectively) and for >30%-60% (HR 3.28, 95% CI 1.07 to 10.12 and HR 1.79, 95% CI 0.99 to 3.26, respectively), compared with mortality in the reference groups of >60% reductions in NT-proBNP levels. Prognostically relevant comorbidities were more often present in patients with HFpEF than patients with HFrEF in low (≤3000 pg/mL) but not in high (>3000 pg/mL) NT-proBNP discharge categories. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights-after demonstrating that NT-proBNP levels confer the same relative risk information in HFpEF as in HFrEF-the possibility that comorbidities contribute relatively more to prognosis in patients with HFpEF with lower NT-proBNP levels than in patients with HFrEF.

8.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(11): 1215-1225, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953180

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI), BMI < 18.5 kg/m2 and a decrease in BMI during follow-up have been associated with poor prognosis. For BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, an "obesity paradox" has been suggested. Recently, high visit-to-visit BMI variability has also been associated with poor prognosis in patients with coronary artery disease. AIMS: To simultaneously evaluate several BMI measurements and study their association with cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in a large cohort of patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction, heart failure (HF) or both. METHODS: The high-risk MI dataset is pooled from four trials: CAPRICORN, EPHESUS, OPTIMAAL and VALIANT. Mean BMI, change from baseline, and variability were assessed during follow-up. The primary outcome was CV death. Cox-proportional hazard models were performed to study the association between the various BMI parameters and outcomes (median follow-up = 1.8 years). RESULTS: A total of 12,719 patients were included (72% male, mean age 65 ± 11 years). Mean, change and visit-to-visit variability in BMI had a non-linear association with CV death (P < 0.001). Mean BMI < 26 kg/m2 (vs. ≥ 26-35 kg/m2) and BMI decrease during follow-up were independently associated with CV death (adjusted HR 1.32, 95% CI 1.16-1.51, P < 0.001 and adjusted HR 1.57, 95% CI 1.40-1.76, P < 0.001, respectively). Low and high BMI variability (< 2% and > 4%) were associated with increased event-rates, but lost statistical significance in sensitivity analysis including patients with ≥ 5 measurements or excluding patients with HF hospitalization, suggesting that BMI variability may be particularly associated with HF hospitalizations. CONCLUSION: Mean BMI < 26 kg/m2 and a BMI decrease during follow-up were independently associated with CV death in patients with MI and LV systolic dysfunction, HF or both. These associations likely reflect poorer patient status and causality cannot be inferred.

10.
Circulation ; 137(16): 1671-1683, 2018 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29242350

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concept of natriuretic peptide guidance has been extensively studied in patients with chronic heart failure (HF), with only limited success. The effect of NT-proBNP (N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide)-guided therapy in patients with acute decompensated HF using a relative NT-proBNP target has not been investigated. This study aimed to assess whether NT-proBNP-guided therapy of patients with acute decompensated HF using a relative NT-proBNP target would lead to improved outcomes compared with conventional therapy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective randomized controlled trial to study the impact of in-hospital guidance for acute decompensated HF treatment by a predefined NT-proBNP target (>30% reduction from admission to discharge) versus conventional treatment. Patients with acute decompensated HF with NT-proBNP levels >1700 ng/L were eligible. After achieving clinical stability, 405 patients were randomized to either NT-proBNP-guided or conventional treatment (1:1). The primary end point was dual: a composite of all-cause mortality and HF readmissions in 180 days and the number of days alive out of the hospital in 180 days. Secondary end points were all-cause mortality within 180 days, HF readmissions within 180 days, and a composite of all-cause mortality and HF readmissions within 90 days. RESULTS: Significantly more patients in the NT-proBNP-guided therapy group were discharged with an NT-proBNP reduction of >30% (80% versus 64%, P=0.001). Nonetheless, NT-proBNP-guided therapy did not significantly improve the combined event rate for all-cause mortality and HF readmissions (hazard ratio, 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-1.37; P=0.99) or the median number of days alive outside of the hospital (178 versus 179 days for NT-proBNP versus conventional patients, P=0.39). Guided therapy also did not significantly improve any of the secondary end points. CONCLUSIONS: The PRIMA II trial (Can NT-ProBNP-Guided Therapy During Hospital Admission for Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Reduce Mortality and Readmissions?) demonstrates that the guidance of HF therapy to reach an NT-proBNP reduction of >30% after clinical stabilization did not improve 6-month outcomes. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: http://www.trialregister.nl. Unique identifier: NTR3279.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Readmissão do Paciente , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
JACC Heart Fail ; 4(9): 736-45, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27395353

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value and attainability of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in young and elderly acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. BACKGROUND: Less-effective NT-proBNP-guided therapy in chronic heart failure (HF) has been reported in elderly patients. Whether this can be attributed to differences in prognostic value of NT-proBNP or to differences in attaining a prognostic value is unclear. The authors studied this question in ADHF patients. METHODS: Our study population comprised 7 ADHF cohorts. We defined absolute (<1,500 ng/l, <3,000 ng/l, <5,000 ng/l, and <15,000 ng/l) and relative NT-proBNP discharge cut-off levels (>30%, >50%, and >70%). Six-month all-cause mortality after discharge was studied for each level in Cox regression analyses, and compared between elderly (age >75 years) and young patients (age ≤75 years). Thereafter, we compared percentages of elderly and young patients attaining NT-proBNP levels (= attainability). RESULTS: A total of 1,235 patients (59% male, 45% >75 years of age) was studied. Admission levels of NT-proBNP were significantly higher in elderly versus younger patients. The prognostic value of absolute and relative NT-proBNP levels was similar in elderly and young patients. Attainability was significantly lower in elderly patients for all absolute levels and a >50% relative reduction, but not for >30% and >70%. For absolute levels, attainability differences between age groups were decreased to a large extent after correction for admission NT-proBNP and anemia at discharge. For relative levels, attainability differences disappeared after correction for HF etiology and anemia at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: In young and elderly ADHF patients, it is not the prognostic value of absolute and relative NT-proBNP levels that is different, but the attainability of these levels that is lower in the elderly. This can largely be attributed to factors other than age.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Diuréticos/uso terapêutico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Antagonistas de Receptores de Mineralocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Mortalidade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Doença Aguda , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
13.
Am Heart J ; 170(3): 531-42.e1, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26385037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist for the role of serum potassium changes during hospitalization for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). The present study investigated the long-term prognostic value of potassium changes during hospitalization in patients admitted for ADHF. METHODS: Our study is a pooled individual patient data analysis assembled from 3 prospective cohorts comprising 754 patients hospitalized for ADHF. The endpoint was all-cause mortality within 180 days after discharge. Serum potassium levels and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were measured at admission and at discharge. RESULTS: A percentage decrease >15% in serum potassium levels occurred in 96 (13%) patients, and an absolute decrease of >0.7 mmol/L in serum potassium levels occurred in 85 (12%) patients; and both were predictors of poor outcome independent of admission or discharge serum potassium. After the addition of other strong predictors of mortality-a 30% change in NT-proBNP during hospitalization, discharge levels of NT-proBNP, renal markers, and other relevant clinical variables-the multivariate hazard ratio of serum potassium percentage reduction of >15% remained an independent predictor of 180-day mortality (hazard ratio 2.06, 95% CI 1.14-3.73). CONCLUSIONS: A percentage serum potassium decline of >15% is an independent predictor of 180-day all-cause mortality on top of baseline potassium levels, NT-proBNP levels, renal variables, and other relevant clinical variables. This suggest that patients hospitalized for ADHF with a decline of >15% in serum potassium levels are at risk and thus monitoring and regulating of serum potassium level during hospitalization are needed in these patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hospitalização , Hipopotassemia/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Potássio/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte/tendências , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Humanos , Hipopotassemia/etiologia , Hipopotassemia/mortalidade , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 17(9): 936-44, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26222618

RESUMO

AIMS: NT-proBNP is a strong predictor for readmissions and mortality in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) patients. We assessed whether absolute or relative NT-proBNP levels should be used as pre discharge treatment target. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our study population was assembled from seven ADHF cohorts. We defined absolute (<1500, <3000, <5000, and <15 000 ng/L) and relative NT-proBNP targets (>30, >50, and >70%). Population attributable risk fraction (PARF) is the proportion of all-cause 6-month mortality in the population that would be reduced if all patients attain the NT-proBNP target. PARF was determined for each target as well as the percentage of patients attaining the NT-proBNP target. Attainability was investigated by logistic regression analysis. A total of 1266 patients [age 74 (64-80), 60% male] was studied. For every absolute NT-proBNP level, a corresponding percentage reduction was found that resulted in similar PARFs. The highest PARF (∼60-70%) was observed for <1500 or >70%, but attainability was low (27% and 22%, respectively). The strongest predictor for not attaining these targets was admission NT-proBNP. In admission NT-proBNP tertiles, PARFs were significantly different for absolute, but not for relative targets. CONCLUSION: In an ADHF population, pre-discharge absolute or relative NT-proBNP targets may both be useful as they have similar effects on PARF. However, depending on admission NT-proBNP, absolute targets show varying PARFs, while PARFs for relative targets were similar. A relative target is predicted to reduce mortality consistently across the whole spectrum of ADHF patients, while this is not the case using a single absolute target.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Alta do Paciente , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Medição de Risco/métodos , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte/tendências , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Portugal/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Precursores de Proteínas , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Card Fail ; 21(11): 930-4, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26216495

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A >30% N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) reduction at discharge in acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) predicts a favorable prognosis. To study the feasibility of guiding ADHF treatment by measuring NT-proBNP well before discharge, we assessed at which moment during hospitalization patients attain a NT-proBNP reduction of >30% (target) and whether this target is still attained at discharge. METHODS: Twenty-five consecutive ADHF patients with NT-proBNP >1,700 ng/L were included (original cohort). NT-proBNP was measured daily until the target was attained, at clinical stability, and at discharge and was analyzed as percentages of patients on target. For comparison purposes, the same analysis was performed in individual patient data from 2 other ADHF cohorts (42 and 111 patients, respectively), in which NT-proBNP was measured from admission to day 3 and at discharge. RESULTS: In the original cohort of 25 patients (median age 70 years, 40% male), the cumulative percentage of patients attaining the target increased gradually during admission to 22 patients (88%) in a median of 3 days (interquartile range 2-5). In the comparison cohorts, a similar course was observed in patients attaining the target before discharge. Compared with levels measured at days 2 and 3, rebound NT-proBNP increases to levels off-target at discharge were seen in up to 33% of patients in the original and comparison cohorts. CONCLUSION: A target >30% NT-proBNP reduction is gradually attained before discharge, and rebound NT-proBNP increases to levels off-target occur in up to 33% of ADHF patients who initially attained target early during admission.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Estudos de Coortes , Gerenciamento Clínico , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Sobrevida
18.
Am Heart J ; 168(1): 30-6, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24952857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hospital admissions for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) are frequent and are accompanied by high percentages of mortality and readmissions. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the inactive N-terminal fragment of its precursor proBNP (NT-proBNP) are currently the best predictors of prognosis in heart failure (HF) patients. In the setting of chronic HF, studies that performed guidance of therapy by NT-proBNP have had only limited success. For patients with ADHF, retrospective studies have shown that a reduction in NT-proBNP of ≤30% during admission is a significant predictor of HF readmissions and mortality. These data suggest a role for NT-proBNP guidance in the setting of ADHF admissions. STUDY DESIGN: The PRIMA II is an investigator-initiated, multicenter, randomized, controlled, prospective 2-arm trial that investigates the impact of inhospital guidance for ADHF treatment by a predefined NT-proBNP target (>30% reduction during admission) on the reduction of readmission and mortality rates within 180 days. Consenting ADHF patients with NT-proBNP levels of >1,700 ng/L are eligible. After achieving clinical stability, a total of 340 patients are randomized to either NT-proBNP-guided or conventional treatment (1:1). The primary end point is dual, that is, a composite of all-cause mortality and readmission for HF in 180 days and the number of days alive out of hospital in 180 days. Secondary end points are readmissions and/or mortality in 180 days, cost effectiveness of hospitalization days in 180 days, readmissions and mortality in 90 days, and quality of life. CONCLUSION: The PRIMA II trial aims at providing scientific evidence for the use of NT-proBNP-guided therapy compared with conventional treatment in patients admitted for ADHF.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Readmissão do Paciente/tendências , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte/tendências , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
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