Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 71
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190057, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of health services utilization for control of arterial hypertension (AH) and diabetes mellitus (DM) in the city of São Paulo in 2003, 2008 and 2015 and to analyze associated factors to this utilization in 2015. METHODS: Data regarding adults who participated in the Health Surveys conducted in the city of Sao Paulo, ISA-Capital 2003, 2008 and 2015, were analyzed. Prevalences and 95% confidence intervals for the three years were estimated to describe the prevalence of the use of services to control HA and DM. For the year of 2015, prevalences of the same variables were estimated according to sociodemographic, geographic and health characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate AH and DM analysis models. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the prevalence of people who reported routine health services utilization to control AH and DM in the period 2003-2015. For 2015, an increased routine health services utilization to control AH was observed among elderly and those who reported health insurance. For those who reported DM, an association between health services utilization and low schooling was found. Being elderly reduces the risk of not going to the health services to control AH, while being male and not having a health insurance increase this risk significantly. CONCLUSIONS: to identify how individuals with AH and DM use health services in way to control these diseases is very important to reduce access barriers and, yet, provide guidance in health policies to reduce disparities.

3.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225940, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) or sports in the Brazilian population according to demographic and income variables. METHODS: Data from 60,202 Brazilian individuals (18 years and over) were analyzed, belonging to the National Health Survey 2013 sample. The prevalence of different modalities of LTPA and sports was estimated according to age, sex, skin color and income. The adjusted prevalence ratios were estimated by Poisson regression. RESULTS: Of every thousand Brazilians, 695 do not practice LTPA or sports. Walking is the most practiced LTPA (98/1000), followed by soccer (68/1000) and weight training (45/1000). For poor and black men, the most frequent LTPA was soccer, and, for women, gymnastics and walking. The prevalence of weight training and gymnastics was higher for white people compared with black people. All LTPA practices were more prevalent in individuals with higher income, except for soccer. Running on a treadmill and weight training had, respectively, 24.7 and 6.4 times higher prevalence in the richer quartile. CONCLUSIONS: The study allowed identifying the type of LTPA and sport reported as the most frequent by the Brazilian population according to age, sex, skin color, and income, detecting strong social disparities in these practices.

4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190005.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of altered total cholesterol and fractions levels in the Brazilian population, according to biochemical data from the National Health Survey. METHODS: A descriptive study, using data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. Total cholesterol and fractions were analyzed and population prevalences of altered values according to socio-demographic variables were calculated. The cutoff points considered were: total cholesterol ≥ 200mg/dl; low-density lipoprotein LDL ≥ 130mg/dL and high-density lipoprotein HDL < 40mg/dL. RESULTS: The prevalence of total cholesterol ≥200mg/dL in the population was 32.7%, and higher in women (35.1%). The prevalence of altered HDL was 31.8%, 22.0% in females and 42.8% in males. LDL ≥ 130mg/dL was found in 18.6% and was higher in women (19.9%). The population aged 45 years old and older and those with low levels of education presented a higher prevalence of altered cholesterol. CONCLUSION: Altered values of total cholesterol and fractions were frequent in the Brazilian population, especially among women, the elderly and people with low levels of education. These results may guide control and preventative actions such as healthy eating, physical activity and treatment, all of which aim to prevent coronary diseases.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190006.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to different diagnostic criteria, in the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory results from the Brazilian National Health Survey. METHODS: Analysis of laboratory data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to different diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to the criterion of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6.5% or using medication, using Poisson regression and calculating crude and adjusted PR and 95%CI. RESULTS: The prevalence of diabetes according to different criteria varies from 6.6 to 9.4%. Intermediate or pre-diabetes hyperglycemia ranged from 6.8 to 16.9%. Considering laboratory criteria or medication use, the prevalence of DM was 8.4 (95%CI 7.65-9.11). The adjusted PR for gender, age, educational level and region was lower for males (PR 0.75; 95%CI 0.63 - 0.89), increased with age: 30 to 34 years (PR 2.32; 95% CI 1.33 - 4.07), 40 to 59 years PR 8.1; 95%CI 4.86 - 13.46), 60 years old or older (PR 12.6; 95%CI 7.1 - 21.0), and higher educational levels was protective (PR 0.8; 95%CI 0.6 - 0.9). Therewas a higher PR in the Central West Region (PR 1.3; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.7), in overweight people (PR 1.8; 95%CI 1.4 - 2.1), and in obese people (PR 3.3; 95%CI 2.6 - 4.1). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of diabetes was higher in females, people over 30 years of age, in populations with low educational levels, and people who were overweight and obese. The study advances in determining the diabetes situation in the country through laboratory criteria.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190050, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460665

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The excessive sitting time involved in activities of low energy expenditure (sedentary behavior) can contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Assessing factors related to this behavior in a population is important to identify its most vulnerable segments. OBJECTIVE: To describe sitting time distribution in the adult population of São Paulo City according to sociodemographic and environmental characteristics and health conditions. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 2,512 individuals, aged 20 to 65 years, who participated in the Health Survey in the City of São Paulo (Inquérito de Saúde no Município de São Paulo - ISA-Capital) 2015. Data relating to sitting time were collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), initially analyzed continuously, and, afterward, dichotomized by the median to analyze categorical variables. RESULTS: The total sitting time median in the sample was 180 min/day. The variables that, after adjustments, remained related to sedentary behavior were: schooling (prevalence ratio - PR = 1.41; 95% confidence interval - 95%CI 1.35 - 1.48); marital status (PR = 1.05; 95%CI 1.02 - 1.08); neighborhood safety (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.93 - 0.99); age (PR = 0.91; 95%CI 0.87 - 0.95); income (PR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.00 - 1.15); self-rated health (PR = 1.03; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.07), and gender (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.94 - 0.99). CONCLUSION: The most vulnerable groups to sedentary behavior in this population are: younger males, with higher schooling and income, who live in neighborhoods considered safe, unmarried, and with negative self-rated health.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sedentário , Postura Sentada , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Autorrelato , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190050, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020560

RESUMO

RESUMO: Introdução: O excessivo tempo sentado envolvido em atividades de baixo gasto energético (comportamento sedentário) pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas. Avaliar fatores associados a esse comportamento numa população é importante para identificação dos segmentos mais vulneráveis. Objetivo: Descrever a distribuição do tempo sentado na população adulta do município de São Paulo segundo características sociodemográficas, ambientais e de condições de saúde. Metodologia: Estudo transversal envolvendo 2.512 participantes do Inquérito de Saúde no município de São Paulo (ISA-Capital) 2015, com idade entre 20 e 65 anos. Os dados referentes ao tempo sentado foram coletados por meio do Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física (IPAQ), analisados inicialmente na forma contínua e, a seguir, dicotomizados pela mediana, para a análise de dados categóricos. Resultados: A mediana de tempo sentado total para amostra foi de 180 min/dia. As variáveis que após ajuste permaneceram associadas foram: escolaridade (razão de prevalência - RP = 1,41; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 1,35 - 1,48); estado civil (RP = 1,05; IC95% 1,02 - 1,08); segurança no bairro (RP = 0,96; IC95% 0,93 - 0,99); idade (RP = 0,91; IC95% 0,87 - 0,95); renda (RP = 1,07; IC95% 1,00 - 1,15); autopercepção de saúde (RP = 1,03; IC95% 1,01 - 1,07) e sexo (RP = 0,96; IC95% 0,94 - 0,99) Conclusão: Homens mais jovens, com mais escolaridade e renda, que residem em bairros considerados seguros, não casados e com autopercepção negativa de sua saúde estão entre os mais vulneráveis ao comportamento sedentário nessa população.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: The excessive sitting time involved in activities of low energy expenditure (sedentary behavior) can contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Assessing factors related to this behavior in a population is important to identify its most vulnerable segments. Objective: To describe sitting time distribution in the adult population of São Paulo City according to sociodemographic and environmental characteristics and health conditions. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving 2,512 individuals, aged 20 to 65 years, who participated in the Health Survey in the City of São Paulo (Inquérito de Saúde no Município de São Paulo - ISA-Capital) 2015. Data relating to sitting time were collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), initially analyzed continuously, and, afterward, dichotomized by the median to analyze categorical variables. Results: The total sitting time median in the sample was 180 min/day. The variables that, after adjustments, remained related to sedentary behavior were: schooling (prevalence ratio - PR = 1.41; 95% confidence interval - 95%CI 1.35 - 1.48); marital status (PR = 1.05; 95%CI 1.02 - 1.08); neighborhood safety (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.93 - 0.99); age (PR = 0.91; 95%CI 0.87 - 0.95); income (PR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.00 - 1.15); self-rated health (PR = 1.03; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.07), and gender (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.94 - 0.99). Conclusion: The most vulnerable groups to sedentary behavior in this population are: younger males, with higher schooling and income, who live in neighborhoods considered safe, unmarried, and with negative self-rated health.

8.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190005.SUPL.2, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042220

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as prevalências dos níveis de colesterol total e frações alterados na população brasileira, segundo dados bioquímicos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, utilizando dados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde coletados entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Foram analisados exames de colesterol total e frações e calculadas prevalências populacionais de valores alterados segundo variáveis sociodemográficas. Consideraram-se os seguintes pontos de corte: colesterol total ≥ 200mg/dL; lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) ≥ 130mg/dL e lipoproteínas de alta densidade (HDL) < 40mg/dL. Resultados: Aprevalência de colesterol total ≥ 200mg/dL na população foi de 32,7%, mais elevada em mulheres (35,1%). A prevalência de HDL alterado foi de 31,8%, sendo de 42,8% no sexo masculino e 22,0% no feminino. LDL≥ 130mg/dL foi observado em 18,6%, com prevalência mais elevada em mulheres (19,9%). População com idade de 45 anos ou mais e com baixa escolaridade apresentou maiores prevalências de colesterol com alterações. Conclusão: Valores de colesterol total e frações alterados foram frequentes na população brasileira, especialmente entre mulheres, idosos e pessoas de baixa escolaridade. Esses resultados poderão orientar as ações de controle e prevenção, como alimentação saudável, atividade física e tratamento, visando à prevenção de doenças coronarianas.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the prevalence of altered total cholesterol and fractions levels in the Brazilian population, according to biochemical data from the National Health Survey. Methods: A descriptive study, using data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. Total cholesterol and fractions were analyzed and population prevalences of altered values according to socio-demographic variables were calculated. The cutoff points considered were: total cholesterol ≥ 200mg/dl; low-density lipoprotein LDL ≥ 130mg/dL and high-density lipoprotein HDL < 40mg/dL. Results: The prevalence of total cholesterol ≥200mg/dL in the population was 32.7%, and higher in women (35.1%). The prevalence of altered HDL was 31.8%, 22.0% in females and 42.8% in males. LDL ≥ 130mg/dL was found in 18.6% and was higher in women (19.9%). The population aged 45 years old and older and those with low levels of education presented a higher prevalence of altered cholesterol. Conclusion: Altered values of total cholesterol and fractions were frequent in the Brazilian population, especially among women, the elderly and people with low levels of education. These results may guide control and preventative actions such as healthy eating, physical activity and treatment, all of which aim to prevent coronary diseases.

9.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190006.SUPL.2, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1042229

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as prevalências de diabetes mellitus segundo diferentes critérios diagnósticos, na população adulta brasileira, segundo os resultados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Métodos: Análise dos dados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, coletados entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Foram calculadas as prevalências de diabetes conforme diferentes critérios diagnósticos. Foram calculadas as prevalências de diabetes segundo o critério de hemoglobina glicosilada ≥ 6,5% ou em uso de medicamentos, empregando regressão de Poisson para o cálculo da razão de prevalência (RP) bruta e ajustada e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: A prevalência de diabetes segundo diferentes critérios pode variar 6,6 a 9,4%; e a hiperglicemia intermediária, ou pré-diabetes, de 6,8 a 16,9%. Usando-se o critério laboratorial ou uso de medicamentos, a prevalência de diabetes foi de 8,4%. A RP ajustada para sexo, idade, escolaridade e região foi menor no sexo masculino (RP = 0,75; IC95% 0,63 - 0,89); aumentou com a idade: 30 a 34 anos (RP=2,32; IC95% 1,33 - 4,07), 40 a 59 anos (RP = 8,1; IC95% 4,86 - 13,46), 60 anos ou mais (RP = 12,6; IC95% 7,1 - 21,0); e a escolaridade elevada foi protetora (RP = 0,8; IC95% 0,6 - 0,9). Maior RP foi encontrada na Região Centro-Oeste (RP = 1,3; IC95% 1,04 - 1,7) e naqueles com sobrepeso (RP = 1,8; IC95% 1,4 - 2,1) e obesidade (RP = 3,3; IC95% 2,6 - 4,1). Conclusão: A prevalência de diabetes foi maior no sexo feminino, naqueles com idade maior que 30 anos, em população com baixa escolaridade, com excesso de peso e obesidade. Os critérios laboratoriais são mais fidedignos para o conhecimento da situação real do diabetes no país.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to different diagnostic criteria, in the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory results from the Brazilian National Health Survey. Methods: Analysis of laboratory data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to different diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to the criterion of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6.5% or using medication, using Poisson regression and calculating crude and adjusted PR and 95%CI. Results: The prevalence of diabetes according to different criteria varies from 6.6 to 9.4%. Intermediate or pre-diabetes hyperglycemia ranged from 6.8 to 16.9%. Considering laboratory criteria or medication use, the prevalence of DM was 8.4 (95%CI 7.65-9.11). The adjusted PR for gender, age, educational level and region was lower for males (PR 0.75; 95%CI 0.63 - 0.89), increased with age: 30 to 34 years (PR 2.32; 95% CI 1.33 - 4.07), 40 to 59 years PR 8.1; 95%CI 4.86 - 13.46), 60 years old or older (PR 12.6; 95%CI 7.1 - 21.0), and higher educational levels was protective (PR 0.8; 95%CI 0.6 - 0.9). Therewas a higher PR in the Central West Region (PR 1.3; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.7), in overweight people (PR 1.8; 95%CI 1.4 - 2.1), and in obese people (PR 3.3; 95%CI 2.6 - 4.1). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes was higher in females, people over 30 years of age, in populations with low educational levels, and people who were overweight and obese. The study advances in determining the diabetes situation in the country through laboratory criteria.

10.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 21(suppl 1): e180003, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517454

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Knowing the profile of individuals who demand health services or professionals could help in the improvement and reorganization of services. However, this subject is still underexplored among adolescents. This study aimed to describe and identify characteristics related to the demand for health services or professionals by Brazilian students. METHODS: Using data from the 2015 National School Health Survey, the prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of the demand for health services or professionals among students were estimated, and Poisson regression adjusted by age and region of residence was used to identify the associated factors. RESULTS: More than half of the students demanded for health services or professionals in the last year, with a higher demand among females. The characteristics associated with the outcome were sociodemographic (female, white, private school), family (maternal schooling of 12 years or more, having meals with parents/guardians and parents' knowledge of the adolescent's activities in their free time), risk behaviors (alcohol consumption and sexual intercourse without a condom) and health-related issues (physical violence, wheezing, toothache, hygiene habits, and attitude to one's own weight). CONCLUSION: Organizing health services in a way that takes the particularities of this population into account may provide a space to deal with subjects related to the risks to which it is exposed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Perigoso , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Prevalência , Fatores Raciais/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo
11.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 21(suppl 1): e180018, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517469

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health self-assessment (HSA) is a widely studied indicator among adults and the elderly, but not often explored in adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of poor self-rated health in Brazilian schoolchildren and associated factors. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) were analyzed; prevalences and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated for poor self-rated health and associated factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 7.1% (95%CI 7.0 - 7.3) of the schoolchildren reported a poor self-assessed health status. Sociodemographic characteristics, such as female gender, 15 years of age or older, yellow, brown and indigenous race/skin color; risk behaviors such as regular alcohol consumption and drug experimentation, and issues related to physical and emotional health remained positively associated with the outcome studied. Protective factors identified were maternal schooling and demand for health services. CONCLUSION: The impact of risky behaviors on physical and emotional health need to be addressed among students. The school presents itself as a safe and opportune space for promoting a healthy lifestyle.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoavaliação , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Pais-Filho , Percepção , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52Suppl 2(Suppl 2): 12s, 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with falls in a nationally representative sample of older Brazilians residing in urban areas. METHODS: Data from 4,174 participants (60 years or older) from the baseline of ELSI-Brazil, conducted between 2015 and 2016, were used. The outcome variable was the reporting of one or more falls in the last 12 months. The exploratory variables were sociodemographic characteristics, factors related to the urban environment, and health conditions. Statistical analysis was performed using Poisson regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of falls was 25.1%. Of these, 1.8% resulted in a hip or femur fracture and, among them, 31.8% required surgery for prosthesis placement. Statistically significant associations (p < 0.05) with falls were observed for females [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.26], age group of 75 years or older (PR = 1.21), fear of falling due to defective sidewalks (PR = 1.47), fear of crossing streets (PR = 1.22), diabetes (PR = 1.17), arthritis or rheumatism (PR = 1.29), and depression (PR = 1.53). No significant associations were found for educational level, marital status, hypertension, and perception of violence in the neighborhood. CONCLUSIONS: The factors associated with falls among older adults are multidimensional, comprising individual characteristics and the urban environment, which indicates the need for intra and intersectoral actions to prevent falls in this population.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana
13.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(10): e00198717, 2018 10 22.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365748

RESUMO

The objective was to compare the estimates for prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and behavioral measures to control these diseases. Data were analyzed for the adult population from Health Surveys in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008, and 2015. Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for the following: hypertension, diabetes, and practices to control these diseases (diet, physical activity, oral medication, insulin, nothing). Estimates were compared by age and sex-adjusted Poisson regression and analyzed according to the 20-59-years and 60-and-older age brackets. The data were presented comparing 2008 to 2003 and 2015 to 2003. Among persons 20 to 59 years of age, there was an increase in the prevalence rates for: hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.03-1.60) and diet for both periods (2003-2008, PR = 2.04; 95%CI: 1.42-2.91; and 2003-2015, PR = 1.51; 95%CI: 1.05-2.15). Among persons 60 years and older: diabetes (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.08-1.56) and oral medication to control diabetes (PR = 1.38; 95%CI: 1.17-1.63), both in 2003-2015; hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.19; 95%CI:1.05-1.39); and diet and oral medication to control hypertension in 2003-2008 (PR = 1.20; 95%CI: 0.95-1.51 and PR = 1.02; 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, respectively). The results are important for surveillance and monitoring of the target indicators and provide backing for planning health care activities in the city of São Paulo. Linking and aligning effective and integrated interventions is indispensable for reducing and controlling these chronic noncommunicable diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(10): e00198717, oct. 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-974576

RESUMO

Resumo: O objetivo foi comparar as estimativas de prevalência de diabetes, hipertensão e as medidas de controle para estas doenças. Foram analisados dados de população adulta provenientes dos Inquéritos de Saúde no Município de São Paulo, Brasil, 2003, 2008 e 2015. Foram estimadas as prevalências e seus intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%) para as variáveis: hipertensão, diabetes e as práticas de controle para estas doenças (dieta alimentar, atividade física, medicamento oral, insulina, não faz nada). As estimativas foram comparadas por regressão de Poisson ajustada por sexo e idade, e analisadas segundo os domínios 20-59 e 60 anos e mais. Os dados foram apresentados comparando-se os anos de 2008 em relação a 2003 e 2015 em relação a 2003. Entre as pessoas de 20-59 anos, observou-se aumento nas prevalências de: hipertensão no período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,03-1,60) e dieta alimentar para ambos os períodos (2003-2008, RP = 2,04; IC95%: 1,42-2,91; e 2003-2015, RP = 1,51; IC95%: 1,05-2,15). Dentre as pessoas com 60 anos e mais: diabetes (RP = 1,29; IC95%: 1,08-1,56) e medicamento oral para controlar a diabetes (RP = 1,38; IC95%: 1,17-1,63), ambos no período 2003-2015; hipertensão no período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,19; IC95%: 1,05-1,39); e dieta alimentar e medicamento oral para controlar a hipertensão no período 2003-2008 (RP = 1,20; IC95%: 0,95-1,51 e RP = 1,02; IC95%: 0,95-1,09, respectivamente). Os resultados são importantes para a vigilância e monitoramento dos indicadores analisados, e fornecem subsídio ao planejamento de ações em saúde no Município de São Paulo. Articular e alinhar ações efetivas e integradas é imprescindível para a redução e controle dessas doenças.


Abstract: The objective was to compare the estimates for prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and behavioral measures to control these diseases. Data were analyzed for the adult population from Health Surveys in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008, and 2015. Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for the following: hypertension, diabetes, and practices to control these diseases (diet, physical activity, oral medication, insulin, nothing). Estimates were compared by age and sex-adjusted Poisson regression and analyzed according to the 20-59-years and 60-and-older age brackets. The data were presented comparing 2008 to 2003 and 2015 to 2003. Among persons 20 to 59 years of age, there was an increase in the prevalence rates for: hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.03-1.60) and diet for both periods (2003-2008, PR = 2.04; 95%CI: 1.42-2.91; and 2003-2015, PR = 1.51; 95%CI: 1.05-2.15). Among persons 60 years and older: diabetes (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.08-1.56) and oral medication to control diabetes (PR = 1.38; 95%CI: 1.17-1.63), both in 2003-2015; hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.19; 95%CI:1.05-1.39); and diet and oral medication to control hypertension in 2003-2008 (PR = 1.20; 95%CI: 0.95-1.51 and PR = 1.02; 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, respectively). The results are important for surveillance and monitoring of the target indicators and provide backing for planning health care activities in the city of São Paulo. Linking and aligning effective and integrated interventions is indispensable for reducing and controlling these chronic noncommunicable diseases.


Resumen: El objetivo fue comparar las estimativas de prevalencia de diabetes, hipertensión y las medidas de control para estas enfermedades. Se analizaron datos de población adulta, procedentes de encuestas de salud en el municipio de São Paulo, Brasil, de 2003, 2008 y 2015. Se estimaron las prevalencias y sus intervalos de 95% de confianza (IC 95%) para las variables: hipertensión, diabetes y prácticas de control para estas enfermedades (dieta alimentaria, actividad física, medicamento oral, insulina, no hacer nada). Las estimativas se compararon por regresión de Poisson, ajustada por sexo y edad, y se analizaron según los dominios 20-59 y 60 años o más. Los datos se presentaron comparándose los años de 2008, en relación a 2003, y 2015 en relación a 2003. Entre las personas de 20-59 años, se observó un aumento en las prevalencias de hipertensión durante el período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,27; IC95%: 1,03-1,60) y dieta alimentaria para ambos períodos (2003-2008, RP = 2,04; IC95%: 1,42-2,91; y 2003-2015, RP = 1,51; IC95%: 1,05-2,15). Entre las personas con 60 años o más: diabetes (RP: 1,29; IC95%: 1,08-1,56) y medicamento oral para controlar la diabetes (RP = 1,38; IC95%: 1,17-1,63), ambos durante el período 2003-2015; hipertensión durante el período 2003-2015 (RP = 1,19; IC95%: 1,05-1,39); además de dieta alimentaria y medicamento oral para controlar la hipertensión, durante el período 2003-2008 (RP = 1,20; IC95%: 0,95-1,51 y RP = 1,02; IC95%: 0,95-1,09, respectivamente). Los resultados son importantes para la vigilancia y monitoreo de los indicadores analizados, y proporcionan apoyo a la planificación de acciones en salud en el municipio de São Paulo. Coordinar y alinear acciones efectivas e integradas es imprescindible para la reducción y control de esas enfermedades.

15.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(8): e00211417, 2018 08 20.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30133669

RESUMO

The aim was to analyze the prevalence of falls requiring visits to health services and associated sociodemographic factors in the elderly in the Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS), 2013. This was a cross-sectional population-based study using data on 23,815 elderly Brazilians from the PNS 2013 survey. The outcome variable was falls requiring use of a health service. Crude and adjusted analyses were performed with robust Poisson regression, with prevalence ratio as the measure of effect and the respective 95% confidence interval (95%CI). The stepwise-forward method was used for inclusion of the variables in the multivariate model. The prevalence of falls with the need to seek health services was 7.8% (95%CI: 7.3-8.4). The administrative region with the lowest occurrence of falls was the Southeast (7.3%), and Rondônia was the state with the lowest prevalence (5.3%). In the multivariate analysis, falls were associated with age 75 years or older, female sex, and divorced or separated marital status. The nationally representative data produced by the PNS survey can enhance measures to prevent falls throughout Brazil.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 27(2): e2017272, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29742237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to estimate the vaccination coverage against influenza and pneumonia and to analyze the utilization of Brazilian National Health System-SUS for vaccination in adults and elderly with self-reported diabetes in São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008 and 2015. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies with data from the ISA-Capital (population-based household surveys). RESULTS: 3,357, 3,271 and 4,043 were interviewed in 2003, 2008 and 2015; the prevalence of diabetes mellitus were 5.0% (2003), 6.4% (2008) and 7.7% (2015); fewer than half of people with diabetes, vaccinated against influenza (47.2%) and pneumonia (17.9%) in 2003, with a small increase in 2015 (59.2% and 26.1%, respectively); the majority of people who are vaccinated against influenza and pneumonia used SUS, 88.7% (2003) and 97.2% (2015) for influenza; 84.7% (2003) and 94.5% (2015) for pneumonia, without difference among age, sex, education level and ethnicity. CONCLUSION: despite the low vaccination coverage against influenza and pneumonia in the population with diabetes mellitus since 2003 the utilization of SUS to vaccination has been progressively expanding.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Cobertura Vacinal/tendências , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Autorrelato , Vacinação/tendências , Adulto Jovem
17.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(8): e00211417, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1039375

RESUMO

Objetivou-se analisar a prevalência de quedas com necessidade de procurar os serviços de saúde e os fatores sociodemográficos associados em idosos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS), 2013. Estudo transversal, de base populacional, utilizando dados de 23.815 idosos brasileiros da PNS 2013. A variável desfecho foi queda com necessidade de procurar serviço de saúde. Foram realizadas análises brutas e ajustada por meio de regressão de Poisson robusta, considerando-se a razão de prevalência como medida de efeito e seus respectivos intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). Foi utilizado o método stepwise-forward para a inclusão das variáveis no modelo múltiplo. A prevalência de quedas com a necessidade de procurar serviços de saúde foi de 7,8% (IC95%: 7,3-8,4). A região administrativa que apresentou a menor ocorrência de quedas foi a Sudeste (7,3%) e entre os estados brasileiros, Rondônia com 5,3%. Na análise múltipla, a ocorrência de quedas associou-se com idade maior ou igual a 75 anos, sexo feminino e situação conjugal divorciado ou separado. As informações de abrangência nacional trazidas pela PNS podem potencializar ações de prevenção de quedas em todo o Brasil.


The aim was to analyze the prevalence of falls requiring visits to health services and associated sociodemographic factors in the elderly in the Brazilian National Health Survey (PNS), 2013. This was a cross-sectional population-based study using data on 23,815 elderly Brazilians from the PNS 2013 survey. The outcome variable was falls requiring use of a health service. Crude and adjusted analyses were performed with robust Poisson regression, with prevalence ratio as the measure of effect and the respective 95% confidence interval (95%CI). The stepwise-forward method was used for inclusion of the variables in the multivariate model. The prevalence of falls with the need to seek health services was 7.8% (95%CI: 7.3-8.4). The administrative region with the lowest occurrence of falls was the Southeast (7.3%), and Rondônia was the state with the lowest prevalence (5.3%). In the multivariate analysis, falls were associated with age 75 years or older, female sex, and divorced or separated marital status. The nationally representative data produced by the PNS survey can enhance measures to prevent falls throughout Brazil.


El objetivo fue analizar la prevalencia de caídas con necesidad de buscar servicios de salud, y sus factores sociodemográficos asociados, en ancianos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud (PNS por sus siglas en portugués), 2013. Se trata de un estudio transversal, de base poblacional, utilizando datos de 23.815 ancianos brasileños de la PNS 2013. La variable desenlace fue: caída con necesidad de buscar un servicio de salud. Se realizaron análisis brutos y ajustados, mediante regresión de Poisson robusta, considerándose la Razón de Prevalencia como medida de efecto y sus respectivos intervalo de 95% de confianza (IC95%). Se utilizó el método stepwise-forward para la inclusión de las variables en el modelo múltiple. La prevalencia de caídas con la necesidad de buscar servicios de salud fue de 7,8% (IC95%: 7,3-8,4). La región administrativa que presentó la menor ocurrencia de caídas fue el Sudeste (7,3%) y entre los estados brasileños, Rondônia, con un 5,3%. En el análisis múltiple, la ocurrencia de caídas se asoció con una edad mayor o igual a 75 años, sexo femenino y situación conyugal divorciada o separada. La información de cobertura nacional presentada por la PNS puede potenciar acciones de prevención de caídas en todo Brasil.

18.
São Paulo; s.n; 2018. 122 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-883835

RESUMO

Introdução: as doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT) são reconhecidamente um problema de saúde pública, uma vez que têm gerado elevado número de óbitos, perda de qualidade de vida, podendo levar a incapacidades. Dentre as DCNT que mais acometem as populações adulta e idosa, destacam-se a hipertensão arterial (HA) e o diabetes mellitus (DM). O monitoramento das prevalências destas DCNT é de extrema importância para a vigilância, assim como o conhecimento de suas tendências e práticas de controle. Objetivo: estudar a evolução das prevalências de hipertensão arterial e diabetes mellitus, bem como as medidas de controle para essas doenças em indivíduos adultos e idosos (20 anos e mais) residentes no Município de São Paulo, nos anos de 2003, 2008 e 2015. Metodologia: foram utilizados dados dos Inquéritos de Saúde no Município de São Paulo (ISA-Capital) nos anos de 2003, 2008 e 2015, estudos transversais de base populacional. Todas as análises foram realizadas no programa estatístico Stata 14.0, por meio do módulo survey, que permite considerar variáveis de um plano de amostragem complexo. Foram realizados três estudos: 1) evolução das prevalências de HA e DM e suas medidas de controle; 2) uso de serviços de saúde para controle da HA e do DM; 3) potencialidades do ISA-Capital e sua contribuição para a gestão em saúde local. Resultados: (artigo 1) entre as pessoas de 20 a 59 anos, diferenças estatisticamente significativas foram observadas para as prevalências de: hipertensão (2003-2015) e dieta alimentar (ambos períodos). Entre as pessoas de 60 anos e mais: diabetes (2003-2015) e medicamento oral para controlar a diabetes (ambos períodos); hipertensão (2003-2015), dieta alimentar e medicamento oral para controlar a hipertensão (2003-2008). (artigo 2) observou-se aumento significativo no percentual de pessoas que referiu ir ao serviço de saúde de rotina por causa do DM no período 2003-2015. Em 2015, maior uso de serviços de saúde de rotina para controle da HA foi observado entre os idosos e as pessoas que referiram possuir plano de saúde. No caso do DM, houve associação entre o uso de serviços de baixa escolaridade. Ser idoso diminui o risco de não ir ao serviço de saúde para a controle da HA, enquanto ser do sexo masculino e não possuir plano de saúde aumentam este risco significativamente. (artigo 3) diferenças estatisticamente significativas no período 2003-2015 foram observadas para os indicadores: morbidade referida, passando de 27,9% (IC95%:24,1-32,1) em 2003 para 19,2% (IC95%:17,6-20,9) em 2015; e procura por serviços de saúde, de 13,2% (IC95%:10,59-15,9) em 2003 para 18,7% (IC95%:17,1-20,3) no ano de 2015. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas nas análises dos três indicadores segundo as CRS no ano de 2015: menor autorrelato de morbidade referida e procura por serviços de saúde na região sul em relação às regiões norte, sudeste e leste; considerando se o serviço procurado era SUS, maior autorrelato foi observado nas regiões norte, sul e leste em relação às regiões centro-oeste e sudeste. Conclusão: os inquéritos de saúde constituem importante base para o monitoramento e vigilância das condições de saúde, em especial, as doenças crônicas não transmissíveis e seus fatores de risco e proteção. A concepção de uma estratégia eficaz de vigilância e monitoramento de DCNT demanda investimentos em todas as esferas de gestão, mas é no nível local que se estabelece uma linha de base para avaliações mais precisas e particularizadas. Compreender as informações provenientes de inquéritos de saúde locais de modo a traduzi-las em práticas e políticas destinadas aos usuários dos sistemas de saúde é indispensável para o desenvolvimento do SUS


Introduction: noncommunicable chronic diseases (NCDs) are recognized public health problems, since they have been generating a high number of deaths, loss of life quality, and may lead to disabilities. Among the NCDs that most affect the adult and elderly populations, the most prominent are arterial hypertension (AH) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Monitoring the prevalences of these NCDs is very important for surveillance, as well as enlighten their trends and control measures. Objective: to study the evolution of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus prevalences, likewise the control measures for these diseases in adults and elderly individuals (20 years and over) living in the Municipality of São Paulo in 2003, 2008 and 2015. Methods: data regarding adults who participated in the Health Surveys conducted in the Municipality of Sao Paulo in 2003, 2008 and 2015, which were cross-sectional studies, were analyzed. Data analysis was performed using the statistical software Stata 14.0 and the survey module, which takes into consideration the effects of complex sampling. Three studies were carried out: 1) evolution of AH and DM prevalences and their control measures; 2) health services utilization to control AH and DM; 3) potential of ISA-Capital and its contribution to local health management. Results: (paper 1) among people aged 20 to 59, statistically significant differences were observed for the prevalence of: hypertension (2003-2015) and diet (both periods). Among people aged 60 and over: diabetes (2003-2015) and oral medication to control diabetes (both periods); hypertension (2003-2015), diet and oral medication to control hypertension (2003-2008). (paper 2) there was a significant increase in the prevalence of people who reported routine health services utilization to control DM in the period 2003-2015. For 2015, an increased routine health services utilization to control AH was observed among the elderly and those who self-reported having health insurance. For those who reported DM, an association between health services utilization and low schooling was found. Being elderly reduces the risk of not going to the health services to control AH, while being male and not having a health insurance increase this risk significantly. (paper 3) statistically significant differences in the period 2003-2015 were observed for the indicators: self-reported morbidity, from 27.9% (95% CI: 24.1-32.1) in 2003 to 19.2% (95% CI: 17.6-20.9) in 2015; and demand for health services, from 13.2% (CI95%: 10.59-15.9) in 2003 to 18.7% (CI95%: 17.1-20.3) in 2015. There were significant differences in the analysis of the three indicators according to the health region coordination in 2015: lower self-reported morbidity and demand for health services in the south region compared to north, southeast and east regions; considering that the service sought was from the Unified Health System, the highest self-report was observed in the north, south and east regions in relation to the central-west and southeast regions. Conclusions: health surveys are an important basis for the monitoring and surveillance of health conditions, especially NCDs and their risk and protective factors. An effective NCD surveillance and monitoring strategy requires investment in all management scopes, but it is at the local level that a baseline is established for more precise and particularized assessments. Understanding information from local health surveys in order to translate them into practices and policies aimed to health systems users is crucial for the development of the Unified Health System


Assuntos
Prevalência , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
19.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 27(2): e2017272, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-953390

RESUMO

Objetivo: estimar a cobertura vacinal contra gripe e pneumonia e a utilização do SUS para vacinação em adultos e idosos com diabetes autorreferida em São Paulo, SP, Brasil, em 2003, 2008 e 2015. Métodos: painel de estudos transversais do ISA-Capital. Resultados: entrevistaram-se 3.357, 3.271 e 4.043 pessoas em 2003, 2008 e 2015; as prevalências de diabetes mellitus foram de 5,0% (2003), 6,4% (2008) e 7,7% (2015); menos da metade das pessoas com diabetes vacinou-se contra gripe (47,2%) e pneumonia (17,9%) em 2003, com pequeno aumento em 2015 (59,2% e 26,1%, respectivamente); a maioria da população que se vacinou contra gripe e pneumonia o fez pelo SUS, 88,7% (2003) e 97,2% (2015) para gripe e 84,7% (2003) e 94,5% (2015) para pneumonia, sem diferença entre idade, sexo, escolaridade e raça. Conclusão: embora as coberturas vacinais tenham sido baixas na população com diabetes, a utilização do SUS foi elevada entre os vacinados.


Objetivo: estimar la cobertura de vacunas contra gripe y neumonía y la utilización del Sistema Único de Salud-SUS para vacunación en adultos y ancianos con diabetes autorreferida en la ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil, en 2003, 2008 y 2015. Métodos: datos del ISA-Capital. Resultados: entrevistados 3.357, 3.271 y 4.043 personas en 2003, 2008 y 2015; las prevalencias de diabetes mellitus fueron de 5,0% (2003), 6,4% (2008) y 7,7% (2015); menos de la mitad de las personas con diabetes mellitus se vacunaron contra gripe (47,2%) y neumonía (17,9%) en 2003, con un pequeño aumento en 2015 (59,2% y 26,1%, respectivamente); la mayoría de la población que se vacunó contra gripe y neumonía lo hizo a través del SUS: 88,7% (2003) y el 97,2% (2015) para la gripe y 84,7% (2003) y 94,5% (2015) para neumonía, sin diferencia entre edad, sexo, escolaridad y raza. Conclusión: Aunque las coberturas fueron bajas en la población con diabetes, la utilización del SUS fue elevada entre los vacunados.


Objective: to estimate the vaccination coverage against influenza and pneumonia and to analyze the utilization of Brazilian National Health System-SUS for vaccination in adults and elderly with self-reported diabetes in São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008 and 2015. Methods: Cross-sectional studies with data from the ISA-Capital (population-based household surveys). Results: 3,357, 3,271 and 4,043 were interviewed in 2003, 2008 and 2015; the prevalence of diabetes mellitus were 5.0% (2003), 6.4% (2008) and 7.7% (2015); fewer than half of people with diabetes, vaccinated against influenza (47.2%) and pneumonia (17.9%) in 2003, with a small increase in 2015 (59.2% and 26.1%, respectively); the majority of people who are vaccinated against influenza and pneumonia used SUS, 88.7% (2003) and 97.2% (2015) for influenza; 84.7% (2003) and 94.5% (2015) for pneumonia, without difference among age, sex, education level and ethnicity. Conclusion: despite the low vaccination coverage against influenza and pneumonia in the population with diabetes mellitus since 2003 the utilization of SUS to vaccination has been progressively expanding.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pneumonia , Sistema Único de Saúde , Vacinação , Diabetes Mellitus/imunologia , Influenza Humana , Estudos Transversais
20.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 21(supl.1): e180003, 2018. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-977700

RESUMO

RESUMO: Introdução: O conhecimento sobre o perfil dos indivíduos que procuram serviços ou profissionais de saúde auxilia na melhoria e na reorganização desses atendimentos, entretanto entre adolescentes este tema ainda é pouco explorado. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever e identificar características relacionadas à procura por serviços ou profissionais de saúde entre escolares brasileiros. Métodos: Por meio dos dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde do Escolar (PeNSE) de 2015, foram estimadas as prevalências, bem como seus respectivos valores do intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%), da procura por serviços ou profissionais de saúde pelos escolares; também foi realizada regressão de Poisson ajustada por idade e Região de residência para identificar os fatores associados. Resultados: Mais da metade dos estudantes procurou serviços ou profissionais de saúde no último ano, sendo maior a procura entre o sexo feminino. Associaram-se ao desfecho as características sociodemográficas (sexo feminino, cor branca, escola privada), os aspectos familiares (mãe com 12 anos ou mais de escolaridade, realizar refeições com os pais e conhecimento destes sobre o que os jovens fazem no tempo livre), os comportamentos de risco (consumo de álcool e relação sexual sem preservativo) e as questões relacionadas à saúde (sofrer violência física, chiado no peito, dor de dente, hábitos de higiene e atitude em relação ao próprio peso). Conclusão: Organizar os serviços de saúde de modo a considerar as particularidades dessa população pode possibilitar um espaço para tratar de assuntos relacionados aos riscos a que os jovens se expõem.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Knowing the profile of individuals who demand health services or professionals could help in the improvement and reorganization of services. However, this subject is still underexplored among adolescents. This study aimed to describe and identify characteristics related to the demand for health services or professionals by Brazilian students. Methods: Using data from the 2015 National School Health Survey, the prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of the demand for health services or professionals among students were estimated, and Poisson regression adjusted by age and region of residence was used to identify the associated factors. Results: More than half of the students demanded for health services or professionals in the last year, with a higher demand among females. The characteristics associated with the outcome were sociodemographic (female, white, private school), family (maternal schooling of 12 years or more, having meals with parents/guardians and parents' knowledge of the adolescent's activities in their free time), risk behaviors (alcohol consumption and sexual intercourse without a condom) and health-related issues (physical violence, wheezing, toothache, hygiene habits, and attitude to one's own weight). Conclusion: Organizing health services in a way that takes the particularities of this population into account may provide a space to deal with subjects related to the risks to which it is exposed.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA