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1.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-1324

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the temporal trend of overweight and obesity prevalences, among adults in Brazilian capitals and the Federal District, 2006-2019. Methods: Time series using data from the Surveillance System for Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey, 2006-2019 (n=730,309). The prevalence of overweight and obesity for each of the years was analyzed, according to characteristics of sex, age, and schooling combined. The temporal trend was analyzed by PraisWinsten regression. Results: Variations in the prevalence of overweight were observed, mainly, in men, 18-24 years old with less than 8 years of study (3.17%/year) and women, between 18-24 years old with more than 12 years of study (6.81% /year). Bigger increases in the prevalence of obesity were observed, mainly, in women, 18-24 years old with more than 12 years of study (10.79%/year). Conclusion: There was an increase in overweight and obesity in most of the studied socio-demographic strata, especially in more educated young people


Objetivo: Analisar a tendência temporal das prevalências de excesso de peso e obesidade nas capitais brasileiras e no Distrito Federal, Brasil, 2006-2019. Métodos: Série temporal, sobre dados do Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (n=730.309). Analisou-se as prevalências de excesso de peso e obesidade para cada ano, segundo a combinação de sexo, faixas etárias e níveis de escolaridade. A variação temporal foi analisada por regressão de Prais-Winsten. Resultados: Observaram-se variações das prevalências de excesso de peso, principalmente em homens com 18-24 anos de idade e até 8 anos de estudo (3,17%/ano), e em mulheres de 18-24 anos e ≥12 anos de estudo (6,81%/ano). Observaram-se variações na prevalência de obesidade, principalmente entre mulheres de 18-24 anos e escolaridade ≥12 anos (10,79%/ano). Conclusão: Verificou-se aumento do excesso de peso e obesidade na maioria dos estratos sociodemográficos, especialmente entre jovens de maior escolaridade.

2.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 29(5): e2020315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027428

RESUMO

This article presents the history and construction of the National Health Survey (PNS) 2019, a household survey conducted in partnership with the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The objective of PNS 2019 was to provide the country with information on the health determinants, conditionants and needs of the Brazilian population. The expected sample was 108,525 households, considering a 20% non-response rate. The questionnaire had three parts, covering: (i) the household; (ii) all residents of the household, focusing on collection of socioeconomic and health information; and (iii) the selected resident (15 years old or more) for whom lifestyles, chronic diseases, violence, among other topics were investigated, as well as their anthropometric measurements (subsample). The information provided by PNS 2019 will serve as a basis for the (re)formulation of health policies, as well as support for existing actions and programs of the Brazilian National Health System.

3.
Preprint em Português | SciELO Preprints | ID: pps-1142

RESUMO

This article presents the history and construction of the National Health Survey (PNS) 2019, a household survey conducted in partnership with the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The objective was to provide the country with information on the determinants, conditions and health needs of the Brazilian population. The expected sample was 108,525 households, considering a non-response rate of 20%. The questionnaire had three parts: (i) regarding the household; (ii) to all residents of the household, focusing on the collection of socioeconomic and health information; and (iii) aimed at the selected resident (15 years or more) for whom lifestyles, chronic diseases, violence, among other topics were investigated, and anthropometric measures (sub-sample) were measured. The PNS information will serve as a basis for the (re)formulation of health policies, as well as support for existing actions and programs of the Unified Health System.


Este artigo apresenta o histórico e a construção da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) 2019, inquérito de base domiciliar realizado em parceria com a fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. O objetivo da PNS 2019 foi dotar o país de informações sobre os determinantes, condicionantes e necessidades de saúde da população brasileira. A amostra prevista foi de 108.525 domicílios particulares, considerando-se uma taxa de não resposta de 20%. Seu questionário continha três partes, orientadas para (i) o domicílio, (ii) todos os moradores do domicílio, com enfoque na coleta de informações socioeconômicas e de saúde, e (iii) o morador selecionado (idade ≥15 anos), sobre o qual investigou-se estilos de vida, doenças crônicas, violências, entre outros temas, e aferiu-se medidas antropométricas (subamostra). As informações da PNS 2019 servirão de base para a (re)formulação de políticas de saúde e subsídio a ações e programas existentes do Sistema Único de Saúde.

4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200058, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32520106

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the distribution of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD) indicators among adult female beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program (BFP) in Brazilian capitals. METHODS: Analysis of Vigitel telephone survey data in 2016 and 2017. Gross and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and their respective confidence intervals were estimated using Poisson Regression model. RESULTS: Women with BF have lower schooling, are young people, live more frequently in the Northeast and North of the country. Higher prevalence of risk factors were found in woman receiving BF. The adjusted PR of the BF women were: smokers (PR = 1.98), overweight (PR = 1.21), obesity (PR = 1.63), fruits and vegetables (PR = 0.63), consumption of soft drinks (PR = 1.68), bean consumption (PR = 1.25), physical activity at leisure (PR = 0.65), physical activity at home (PR = 1.35), time watching TV (PR = 1.37), self-assessment of poor health status (PR =2.04), mammography (PR = 0.86), Pap smears (PR = 0.91), hypertension (PR = 1.46) and diabetes (PR = 1,66). When women were compared among strata of the same schooling, these differences were reduced. CONCLUSION: Worst indicators among women receiving BF reflect social inequalities inherent in this most vulnerable group. The study also shows that BF is being targeted at the most vulnerable women.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica , Assistência Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil , Doença Crônica/classificação , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Telefone , Adulto Jovem
6.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 29(5): e2020315, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1133812

RESUMO

Resumo Este artigo apresenta o histórico e a construção da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) 2019, inquérito de base domiciliar realizado em parceria com o Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. O objetivo da PNS 2019 foi dotar o país de informações sobre os determinantes, condicionantes e necessidades de saúde da população brasileira. A amostra prevista foi de 108.525 domicílios particulares, considerando-se uma taxa de não resposta de 20%. Seu questionário continha três partes, orientadas para (i) o domicílio, (ii) todos os moradores do domicílio, com enfoque na coleta de informações socioeconômicas e de saúde, e (iii) o morador selecionado (idade ≥15 anos), sendo investigados estilos de vida, doenças crônicas, violências, entre outros temas, e aferidas medidas antropométricas (subamostra). As informações da PNS 2019 servirão de base para a (re)formulação de políticas de saúde e subsídio a ações e programas existentes do Sistema Único de Saúde.


Resumen Este artículo presenta la historia y la construcción de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud (PNS) 2019, una encuesta domiciliaria realizada en colaboración con el Instituto Brasileño de Geografía y Estadística. El objetivo de la PNS fue proporcionar al país información sobre los determinantes, las condiciones y las necesidades de salud de la población brasileña. La muestra esperada fue de 108.525 hogares particulares, considerando una tasa de no respuesta del 20%. Su cuestionario contenía tres partes: (i) con respecto al hogar; (ii) dirigido a todos los residentes, centrándose en la recopilación de información socioeconómica y de salud; y (iii) al residente seleccionado (15 años o más) de quien se investigó estilos de vida, enfermedades crónicas, violencia, entre otros temas y se compararon las medidas antropométricas (submuestra). La información de la PNS 2019 servirá como base para la (re)formulación de políticas de salud y para apoyar acciones y programas existentes en el Sistema Único de Salud.


Abstract This article presents the history and construction of the National Health Survey (PNS) 2019, a household survey conducted in partnership with the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. The objective of PNS 2019 was to provide the country with information on the health determinants, conditionants and needs of the Brazilian population. The expected sample was 108,525 households, considering a 20% non-response rate. The questionnaire had three parts, covering: (i) the household; (ii) all residents of the household, focusing on collection of socioeconomic and health information; and (iii) the selected resident (15 years old or more) for whom lifestyles, chronic diseases, violence, among other topics were investigated, as well as their anthropometric measurements (subsample). The information provided by PNS 2019 will serve as a basis for the (re)formulation of health policies, as well as support for existing actions and programs of the Brazilian National Health System.

7.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 23(2): e200023, 2020000. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137802

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência de diagnóstico médico de câncer em idosos, descrever os tipos de câncer, as limitações em atividades cotidianas, autopercepção da saúde e a relação com doenças/condições crônicas. Métodos: Estudo transversal de base populacional com dados de idosos (n=11.177) que participaram da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS/2013). Estimaram-se as prevalências e os respectivos intervalos de confiança de 95%. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 69,8 anos (IC95%:69,5-70,1) e 56,4% (IC95%:54,8-58,0) eram mulheres. O diagnóstico de câncer foi referido por 5,6% (IC95%:5,0-6,4) dos idosos, sendo maior entre homens (7,1%) que em mulheres (4,7%; p<0,001). Os três principais tipos de câncer foram, nos homens: próstata (52,4%;IC95%:43,5-61,2), pele (13,9%;IC95%:9,1-20,6) e intestino (10,6%;IC95%:4,9-21,5); nas mulheres: mama (46,9%;IC95%:40,6-53,3), pele (17,3%;IC95%:14,2-20,8) e intestino (9,8%;IC95%:6,5-14,5). Cerca de 67% foram diagnosticados após os 60 anos, 33,0% referiram limitação decorrente da doença e 16,8% (IC95%:12,4-22,4) autoavaliaram sua saúde como ruim/muito ruim. A presença de limitação foi cerca de 31% maior naqueles com diagnóstico mais recente e a autopercepção da saúde foi pior naqueles com diagnóstico inferior a 5 anos. Nos idosos com câncer, observaram-se maiores prevalências de hipertensão arterial, doenças do coração, depressão e doenças respiratórias crônicas (p<0,05). Conclusão: Os achados mostram a prevalência de câncer nos idosos brasileiros, com diferenças entre os sexos, bem como a distribuição dos principais tipos e a idade do primeiro diagnóstico. Destaca-se a importância da hipertensão arterial, doenças do coração, depressão e doenças respiratórias, além de outras condições de vida e saúde dos idosos no cuidado oncogeriátrico.


Abstract Objective: Estimate the prevalence of medical diagnosis of cancer in the elderly, describe the types of cancer, limitations in daily activities, health self-assessment, and the relationship between cancer and chronic diseases/conditions. Methods: Cross-sectional population-based study using data from the elderly (n=11,177) who participated in the National Health Survey (PNS/2013). Prevalence and 95% confidence intervals were estimated. Results: The mean age was 69.8 years (CI95%:69.5-70.1) and 56.4% (CI95%:54.8-58.0) were women. The diagnosis of cancer was mentioned by 5.6% (CI95%:5.0-6.4) of the elderly, is higher for men (7.1%) than in woman (4.7%; p<0.001). The three main types of cancer were, in men: prostate (52.4%; CI95%:43.5-61.2), skin (13.9%; CI95%:9.1-20.6) and intestine (10.6%; CI95%:4.9-21.5); in women: breast (46.9%; CI95%:40.6-53.3), skin (17.3%; CI95%:14.2-20.8) and intestine (9.8%; CI95%:6.5-14.5). About 67% were diagnosed after age 60, 33.0% reported some limitations due to the disease and 16.8% (CI95%:12.4-22.4) rated their health as bad/very bad. The presence of limitation was about 31% higher in those with a more recent diagnosis and self-perceived health was worse in those with a diagnosis of fewer than 5 years. In the elderly with cancer, there was a higher prevalence of hypertension, heart disease, depression, and chronic respiratory diseases (p<0.05). Conclusion: The findings show the prevalence of cancer in the Brazilian elderly, with differences between genders, and the distribution of the main types and the age of the first diagnosis. The importance of hypertension, heart disease, depression, and respiratory diseases is highlighted, as well as other living and health conditions of the elderly in oncogeriatric care.

8.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200058, 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101580

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Comparar a distribuição de indicadores de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT) entre mulheres adultas beneficiárias e não beneficiárias do Programa Bolsa Família (PBF) nas capitais brasileiras. Métodos: Análise de dados do Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel) em 2016 e 2017. Foram estimados as razões de prevalência (RP) brutas e ajustadas e seus respectivos intervalos de confiança usando o modelo de regressão de Poisson. Resultados: Mulheres do PBF tem menor escolaridade, são mais jovens e vivem com maior frequência nas regiões Nordeste e Norte do país. Prevalências mais elevadas de fatores de risco foram encontradas nas mulheres beneficiárias do PBF. A RP ajustada por idade das mulheres com BF foram: fumantes (RP = 1,98), excesso de peso (RP = 1,21), obesidade (RP = 1,63), frutas e hortaliças (RP = 0,63), consumo de refrigerantes (RP = 1,68), consumo de feijão (RP = 1,25), prática de atividade física no lazer (RP = 0,65), atividade física no domicílio (RP = 1,35), tempo assistindo à TV (RP = 1,37), autoavaliação do estado de saúde ruim (RP = 2,04), mamografia (RP = 0,86), Papanicolau (RP = 0,91), hipertensão (RP = 1,46) e diabetes (RP = 1,66). Quando comparadas as mulheres entre estratos de mesma escolaridade, as diferenças entre os fatores de risco foram reduzidas. Conclusão: Piores indicadores entre mulheres que recebem BF refletem desigualdades sociais inerentes a esse grupo mais vulnerável. O estudo evidencia também que o PBF está sendo destinado às mulheres mais vulneráveis.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare the distribution of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD) indicators among adult female beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the Bolsa Família Program (BFP) in Brazilian capitals. Methods: Analysis of Vigitel telephone survey data in 2016 and 2017. Gross and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) and their respective confidence intervals were estimated using Poisson Regression model. Results: Women with BF have lower schooling, are young people, live more frequently in the Northeast and North of the country. Higher prevalence of risk factors were found in woman receiving BF. The adjusted PR of the BF women were: smokers (PR = 1.98), overweight (PR = 1.21), obesity (PR = 1.63), fruits and vegetables (PR = 0.63), consumption of soft drinks (PR = 1.68), bean consumption (PR = 1.25), physical activity at leisure (PR = 0.65), physical activity at home (PR = 1.35), time watching TV (PR = 1.37), self-assessment of poor health status (PR =2.04), mammography (PR = 0.86), Pap smears (PR = 0.91), hypertension (PR = 1.46) and diabetes (PR = 1,66). When women were compared among strata of the same schooling, these differences were reduced. Conclusion: Worst indicators among women receiving BF reflect social inequalities inherent in this most vulnerable group. The study also shows that BF is being targeted at the most vulnerable women.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Assistência Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Crônica/classificação , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Telefone , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225940, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) or sports in the Brazilian population according to demographic and income variables. METHODS: Data from 60,202 Brazilian individuals (18 years and over) were analyzed, belonging to the National Health Survey 2013 sample. The prevalence of different modalities of LTPA and sports was estimated according to age, sex, skin color and income. The adjusted prevalence ratios were estimated by Poisson regression. RESULTS: Of every thousand Brazilians, 695 do not practice LTPA or sports. Walking is the most practiced LTPA (98/1000), followed by soccer (68/1000) and weight training (45/1000). For poor and black men, the most frequent LTPA was soccer, and, for women, gymnastics and walking. The prevalence of weight training and gymnastics was higher for white people compared with black people. All LTPA practices were more prevalent in individuals with higher income, except for soccer. Running on a treadmill and weight training had, respectively, 24.7 and 6.4 times higher prevalence in the richer quartile. CONCLUSIONS: The study allowed identifying the type of LTPA and sport reported as the most frequent by the Brazilian population according to age, sex, skin color, and income, detecting strong social disparities in these practices.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Atividades de Lazer , Esportes , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190057, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826113

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence of health services utilization for control of arterial hypertension (AH) and diabetes mellitus (DM) in the city of São Paulo in 2003, 2008 and 2015 and to analyze associated factors to this utilization in 2015. METHODS: Data regarding adults who participated in the Health Surveys conducted in the city of Sao Paulo, ISA-Capital 2003, 2008 and 2015, were analyzed. Prevalences and 95% confidence intervals for the three years were estimated to describe the prevalence of the use of services to control HA and DM. For the year of 2015, prevalences of the same variables were estimated according to sociodemographic, geographic and health characteristics. Multinomial logistic regression was used to estimate AH and DM analysis models. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the prevalence of people who reported routine health services utilization to control AH and DM in the period 2003-2015. For 2015, an increased routine health services utilization to control AH was observed among elderly and those who reported health insurance. For those who reported DM, an association between health services utilization and low schooling was found. Being elderly reduces the risk of not going to the health services to control AH, while being male and not having a health insurance increase this risk significantly. CONCLUSIONS: to identify how individuals with AH and DM use health services in way to control these diseases is very important to reduce access barriers and, yet, provide guidance in health policies to reduce disparities.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hipertensão/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
11.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190005.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596376

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of altered total cholesterol and fractions levels in the Brazilian population, according to biochemical data from the National Health Survey. METHODS: A descriptive study, using data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. Total cholesterol and fractions were analyzed and population prevalences of altered values according to socio-demographic variables were calculated. The cutoff points considered were: total cholesterol ≥ 200mg/dl; low-density lipoprotein LDL ≥ 130mg/dL and high-density lipoprotein HDL < 40mg/dL. RESULTS: The prevalence of total cholesterol ≥200mg/dL in the population was 32.7%, and higher in women (35.1%). The prevalence of altered HDL was 31.8%, 22.0% in females and 42.8% in males. LDL ≥ 130mg/dL was found in 18.6% and was higher in women (19.9%). The population aged 45 years old and older and those with low levels of education presented a higher prevalence of altered cholesterol. CONCLUSION: Altered values of total cholesterol and fractions were frequent in the Brazilian population, especially among women, the elderly and people with low levels of education. These results may guide control and preventative actions such as healthy eating, physical activity and treatment, all of which aim to prevent coronary diseases.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 02(Suppl 02): E190006.SUPL.2, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596377

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to different diagnostic criteria, in the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory results from the Brazilian National Health Survey. METHODS: Analysis of laboratory data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to different diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to the criterion of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6.5% or using medication, using Poisson regression and calculating crude and adjusted PR and 95%CI. RESULTS: The prevalence of diabetes according to different criteria varies from 6.6 to 9.4%. Intermediate or pre-diabetes hyperglycemia ranged from 6.8 to 16.9%. Considering laboratory criteria or medication use, the prevalence of DM was 8.4 (95%CI 7.65-9.11). The adjusted PR for gender, age, educational level and region was lower for males (PR 0.75; 95%CI 0.63 - 0.89), increased with age: 30 to 34 years (PR 2.32; 95% CI 1.33 - 4.07), 40 to 59 years PR 8.1; 95%CI 4.86 - 13.46), 60 years old or older (PR 12.6; 95%CI 7.1 - 21.0), and higher educational levels was protective (PR 0.8; 95%CI 0.6 - 0.9). Therewas a higher PR in the Central West Region (PR 1.3; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.7), in overweight people (PR 1.8; 95%CI 1.4 - 2.1), and in obese people (PR 3.3; 95%CI 2.6 - 4.1). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of diabetes was higher in females, people over 30 years of age, in populations with low educational levels, and people who were overweight and obese. The study advances in determining the diabetes situation in the country through laboratory criteria.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190050, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460665

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The excessive sitting time involved in activities of low energy expenditure (sedentary behavior) can contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Assessing factors related to this behavior in a population is important to identify its most vulnerable segments. OBJECTIVE: To describe sitting time distribution in the adult population of São Paulo City according to sociodemographic and environmental characteristics and health conditions. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving 2,512 individuals, aged 20 to 65 years, who participated in the Health Survey in the City of São Paulo (Inquérito de Saúde no Município de São Paulo - ISA-Capital) 2015. Data relating to sitting time were collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), initially analyzed continuously, and, afterward, dichotomized by the median to analyze categorical variables. RESULTS: The total sitting time median in the sample was 180 min/day. The variables that, after adjustments, remained related to sedentary behavior were: schooling (prevalence ratio - PR = 1.41; 95% confidence interval - 95%CI 1.35 - 1.48); marital status (PR = 1.05; 95%CI 1.02 - 1.08); neighborhood safety (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.93 - 0.99); age (PR = 0.91; 95%CI 0.87 - 0.95); income (PR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.00 - 1.15); self-rated health (PR = 1.03; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.07), and gender (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.94 - 0.99). CONCLUSION: The most vulnerable groups to sedentary behavior in this population are: younger males, with higher schooling and income, who live in neighborhoods considered safe, unmarried, and with negative self-rated health.


Assuntos
Comportamento Sedentário , Postura Sentada , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Autorrelato , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190006.SUPL.2, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042229

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as prevalências de diabetes mellitus segundo diferentes critérios diagnósticos, na população adulta brasileira, segundo os resultados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Métodos: Análise dos dados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, coletados entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Foram calculadas as prevalências de diabetes conforme diferentes critérios diagnósticos. Foram calculadas as prevalências de diabetes segundo o critério de hemoglobina glicosilada ≥ 6,5% ou em uso de medicamentos, empregando regressão de Poisson para o cálculo da razão de prevalência (RP) bruta e ajustada e intervalo de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: A prevalência de diabetes segundo diferentes critérios pode variar 6,6 a 9,4%; e a hiperglicemia intermediária, ou pré-diabetes, de 6,8 a 16,9%. Usando-se o critério laboratorial ou uso de medicamentos, a prevalência de diabetes foi de 8,4%. A RP ajustada para sexo, idade, escolaridade e região foi menor no sexo masculino (RP = 0,75; IC95% 0,63 - 0,89); aumentou com a idade: 30 a 34 anos (RP=2,32; IC95% 1,33 - 4,07), 40 a 59 anos (RP = 8,1; IC95% 4,86 - 13,46), 60 anos ou mais (RP = 12,6; IC95% 7,1 - 21,0); e a escolaridade elevada foi protetora (RP = 0,8; IC95% 0,6 - 0,9). Maior RP foi encontrada na Região Centro-Oeste (RP = 1,3; IC95% 1,04 - 1,7) e naqueles com sobrepeso (RP = 1,8; IC95% 1,4 - 2,1) e obesidade (RP = 3,3; IC95% 2,6 - 4,1). Conclusão: A prevalência de diabetes foi maior no sexo feminino, naqueles com idade maior que 30 anos, em população com baixa escolaridade, com excesso de peso e obesidade. Os critérios laboratoriais são mais fidedignos para o conhecimento da situação real do diabetes no país.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) according to different diagnostic criteria, in the Brazilian adult population, according to laboratory results from the Brazilian National Health Survey. Methods: Analysis of laboratory data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to different diagnostic criteria. The prevalence of diabetes was calculated according to the criterion of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 6.5% or using medication, using Poisson regression and calculating crude and adjusted PR and 95%CI. Results: The prevalence of diabetes according to different criteria varies from 6.6 to 9.4%. Intermediate or pre-diabetes hyperglycemia ranged from 6.8 to 16.9%. Considering laboratory criteria or medication use, the prevalence of DM was 8.4 (95%CI 7.65-9.11). The adjusted PR for gender, age, educational level and region was lower for males (PR 0.75; 95%CI 0.63 - 0.89), increased with age: 30 to 34 years (PR 2.32; 95% CI 1.33 - 4.07), 40 to 59 years PR 8.1; 95%CI 4.86 - 13.46), 60 years old or older (PR 12.6; 95%CI 7.1 - 21.0), and higher educational levels was protective (PR 0.8; 95%CI 0.6 - 0.9). Therewas a higher PR in the Central West Region (PR 1.3; 95%CI 1.04 - 1.7), in overweight people (PR 1.8; 95%CI 1.4 - 2.1), and in obese people (PR 3.3; 95%CI 2.6 - 4.1). Conclusion: The prevalence of diabetes was higher in females, people over 30 years of age, in populations with low educational levels, and people who were overweight and obese. The study advances in determining the diabetes situation in the country through laboratory criteria.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22(supl.2): E190005.SUPL.2, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042220

RESUMO

RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar as prevalências dos níveis de colesterol total e frações alterados na população brasileira, segundo dados bioquímicos da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, utilizando dados laboratoriais da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde coletados entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. Foram analisados exames de colesterol total e frações e calculadas prevalências populacionais de valores alterados segundo variáveis sociodemográficas. Consideraram-se os seguintes pontos de corte: colesterol total ≥ 200mg/dL; lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) ≥ 130mg/dL e lipoproteínas de alta densidade (HDL) < 40mg/dL. Resultados: Aprevalência de colesterol total ≥ 200mg/dL na população foi de 32,7%, mais elevada em mulheres (35,1%). A prevalência de HDL alterado foi de 31,8%, sendo de 42,8% no sexo masculino e 22,0% no feminino. LDL≥ 130mg/dL foi observado em 18,6%, com prevalência mais elevada em mulheres (19,9%). População com idade de 45 anos ou mais e com baixa escolaridade apresentou maiores prevalências de colesterol com alterações. Conclusão: Valores de colesterol total e frações alterados foram frequentes na população brasileira, especialmente entre mulheres, idosos e pessoas de baixa escolaridade. Esses resultados poderão orientar as ações de controle e prevenção, como alimentação saudável, atividade física e tratamento, visando à prevenção de doenças coronarianas.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To analyze the prevalence of altered total cholesterol and fractions levels in the Brazilian population, according to biochemical data from the National Health Survey. Methods: A descriptive study, using data from the National Health Survey, collected between 2014 and 2015. Total cholesterol and fractions were analyzed and population prevalences of altered values according to socio-demographic variables were calculated. The cutoff points considered were: total cholesterol ≥ 200mg/dl; low-density lipoprotein LDL ≥ 130mg/dL and high-density lipoprotein HDL < 40mg/dL. Results: The prevalence of total cholesterol ≥200mg/dL in the population was 32.7%, and higher in women (35.1%). The prevalence of altered HDL was 31.8%, 22.0% in females and 42.8% in males. LDL ≥ 130mg/dL was found in 18.6% and was higher in women (19.9%). The population aged 45 years old and older and those with low levels of education presented a higher prevalence of altered cholesterol. Conclusion: Altered values of total cholesterol and fractions were frequent in the Brazilian population, especially among women, the elderly and people with low levels of education. These results may guide control and preventative actions such as healthy eating, physical activity and treatment, all of which aim to prevent coronary diseases.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/métodos , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Valores de Referência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Brasil , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Fatores Sexuais , Colesterol/sangue , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade , Hipercolesterolemia
16.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190050, 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020560

RESUMO

RESUMO: Introdução: O excessivo tempo sentado envolvido em atividades de baixo gasto energético (comportamento sedentário) pode contribuir para o desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas. Avaliar fatores associados a esse comportamento numa população é importante para identificação dos segmentos mais vulneráveis. Objetivo: Descrever a distribuição do tempo sentado na população adulta do município de São Paulo segundo características sociodemográficas, ambientais e de condições de saúde. Metodologia: Estudo transversal envolvendo 2.512 participantes do Inquérito de Saúde no município de São Paulo (ISA-Capital) 2015, com idade entre 20 e 65 anos. Os dados referentes ao tempo sentado foram coletados por meio do Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física (IPAQ), analisados inicialmente na forma contínua e, a seguir, dicotomizados pela mediana, para a análise de dados categóricos. Resultados: A mediana de tempo sentado total para amostra foi de 180 min/dia. As variáveis que após ajuste permaneceram associadas foram: escolaridade (razão de prevalência - RP = 1,41; intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 1,35 - 1,48); estado civil (RP = 1,05; IC95% 1,02 - 1,08); segurança no bairro (RP = 0,96; IC95% 0,93 - 0,99); idade (RP = 0,91; IC95% 0,87 - 0,95); renda (RP = 1,07; IC95% 1,00 - 1,15); autopercepção de saúde (RP = 1,03; IC95% 1,01 - 1,07) e sexo (RP = 0,96; IC95% 0,94 - 0,99) Conclusão: Homens mais jovens, com mais escolaridade e renda, que residem em bairros considerados seguros, não casados e com autopercepção negativa de sua saúde estão entre os mais vulneráveis ao comportamento sedentário nessa população.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: The excessive sitting time involved in activities of low energy expenditure (sedentary behavior) can contribute to the development of chronic diseases. Assessing factors related to this behavior in a population is important to identify its most vulnerable segments. Objective: To describe sitting time distribution in the adult population of São Paulo City according to sociodemographic and environmental characteristics and health conditions. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study involving 2,512 individuals, aged 20 to 65 years, who participated in the Health Survey in the City of São Paulo (Inquérito de Saúde no Município de São Paulo - ISA-Capital) 2015. Data relating to sitting time were collected using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), initially analyzed continuously, and, afterward, dichotomized by the median to analyze categorical variables. Results: The total sitting time median in the sample was 180 min/day. The variables that, after adjustments, remained related to sedentary behavior were: schooling (prevalence ratio - PR = 1.41; 95% confidence interval - 95%CI 1.35 - 1.48); marital status (PR = 1.05; 95%CI 1.02 - 1.08); neighborhood safety (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.93 - 0.99); age (PR = 0.91; 95%CI 0.87 - 0.95); income (PR = 1.07; 95%CI 1.00 - 1.15); self-rated health (PR = 1.03; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.07), and gender (PR = 0.96; 95%CI 0.94 - 0.99). Conclusion: The most vulnerable groups to sedentary behavior in this population are: younger males, with higher schooling and income, who live in neighborhoods considered safe, unmarried, and with negative self-rated health.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Idoso , Comportamento Sedentário , Postura Sentada , Valores de Referência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Fatores de Tempo , Brasil/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Fatores Etários , Distribuição por Sexo , Distribuição por Idade , Autorrelato , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 21(suppl 1): e180003, 2018 Nov 29.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517454

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Knowing the profile of individuals who demand health services or professionals could help in the improvement and reorganization of services. However, this subject is still underexplored among adolescents. This study aimed to describe and identify characteristics related to the demand for health services or professionals by Brazilian students. METHODS: Using data from the 2015 National School Health Survey, the prevalence and respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of the demand for health services or professionals among students were estimated, and Poisson regression adjusted by age and region of residence was used to identify the associated factors. RESULTS: More than half of the students demanded for health services or professionals in the last year, with a higher demand among females. The characteristics associated with the outcome were sociodemographic (female, white, private school), family (maternal schooling of 12 years or more, having meals with parents/guardians and parents' knowledge of the adolescent's activities in their free time), risk behaviors (alcohol consumption and sexual intercourse without a condom) and health-related issues (physical violence, wheezing, toothache, hygiene habits, and attitude to one's own weight). CONCLUSION: Organizing health services in a way that takes the particularities of this population into account may provide a space to deal with subjects related to the risks to which it is exposed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Comportamento Perigoso , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Prevalência , Fatores Raciais/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo
18.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 21(suppl 1): e180018, 2018 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30517469

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Health self-assessment (HSA) is a widely studied indicator among adults and the elderly, but not often explored in adolescents. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of poor self-rated health in Brazilian schoolchildren and associated factors. METHODS: Data from the 2015 National Adolescent School-based Health Survey (PeNSE) were analyzed; prevalences and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated for poor self-rated health and associated factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 7.1% (95%CI 7.0 - 7.3) of the schoolchildren reported a poor self-assessed health status. Sociodemographic characteristics, such as female gender, 15 years of age or older, yellow, brown and indigenous race/skin color; risk behaviors such as regular alcohol consumption and drug experimentation, and issues related to physical and emotional health remained positively associated with the outcome studied. Protective factors identified were maternal schooling and demand for health services. CONCLUSION: The impact of risky behaviors on physical and emotional health need to be addressed among students. The school presents itself as a safe and opportune space for promoting a healthy lifestyle.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoavaliação , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Pais-Filho , Percepção , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52Suppl 2(Suppl 2): 12s, 2018 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30379287

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and factors associated with falls in a nationally representative sample of older Brazilians residing in urban areas. METHODS: Data from 4,174 participants (60 years or older) from the baseline of ELSI-Brazil, conducted between 2015 and 2016, were used. The outcome variable was the reporting of one or more falls in the last 12 months. The exploratory variables were sociodemographic characteristics, factors related to the urban environment, and health conditions. Statistical analysis was performed using Poisson regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of falls was 25.1%. Of these, 1.8% resulted in a hip or femur fracture and, among them, 31.8% required surgery for prosthesis placement. Statistically significant associations (p < 0.05) with falls were observed for females [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.26], age group of 75 years or older (PR = 1.21), fear of falling due to defective sidewalks (PR = 1.47), fear of crossing streets (PR = 1.22), diabetes (PR = 1.17), arthritis or rheumatism (PR = 1.29), and depression (PR = 1.53). No significant associations were found for educational level, marital status, hypertension, and perception of violence in the neighborhood. CONCLUSIONS: The factors associated with falls among older adults are multidimensional, comprising individual characteristics and the urban environment, which indicates the need for intra and intersectoral actions to prevent falls in this population.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , População Urbana
20.
Cad Saude Publica ; 34(10): e00198717, 2018 10 22.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30365748

RESUMO

The objective was to compare the estimates for prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and behavioral measures to control these diseases. Data were analyzed for the adult population from Health Surveys in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, in 2003, 2008, and 2015. Prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated for the following: hypertension, diabetes, and practices to control these diseases (diet, physical activity, oral medication, insulin, nothing). Estimates were compared by age and sex-adjusted Poisson regression and analyzed according to the 20-59-years and 60-and-older age brackets. The data were presented comparing 2008 to 2003 and 2015 to 2003. Among persons 20 to 59 years of age, there was an increase in the prevalence rates for: hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.27; 95%CI: 1.03-1.60) and diet for both periods (2003-2008, PR = 2.04; 95%CI: 1.42-2.91; and 2003-2015, PR = 1.51; 95%CI: 1.05-2.15). Among persons 60 years and older: diabetes (PR = 1.29; 95%CI: 1.08-1.56) and oral medication to control diabetes (PR = 1.38; 95%CI: 1.17-1.63), both in 2003-2015; hypertension in 2003-2015 (PR = 1.19; 95%CI:1.05-1.39); and diet and oral medication to control hypertension in 2003-2008 (PR = 1.20; 95%CI: 0.95-1.51 and PR = 1.02; 95%CI: 0.95-1.09, respectively). The results are important for surveillance and monitoring of the target indicators and provide backing for planning health care activities in the city of São Paulo. Linking and aligning effective and integrated interventions is indispensable for reducing and controlling these chronic noncommunicable diseases.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
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