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1.
Curr Heart Fail Rep ; 16(6): 285-303, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782077

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Amyloidosis represents an increasingly recognized but still frequently missed cause of heart failure. In the light of many effective therapies for light chain (AL) amyloidosis and promising new treatment options for transthyretin (ATTR) amyloidosis, awareness among caregivers needs to be raised to screen for amyloidosis as an important and potentially treatable differential diagnosis. This review outlines the diversity of cardiac amyloidosis, its relation to heart failure, the diagnostic algorithm, and therapeutic considerations that should be applied depending on the underlying type of amyloidosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Non-biopsy diagnosis is feasible in ATTR amyloidosis in the absence of a monoclonal component resulting in higher detection rates of cardiac ATTR amyloidosis. Biomarker-guided staging systems have been updated to facilitate risk stratification according to currently available biomarkers independent of regional differences, but have not yet prospectively been tested. Novel therapies for hereditary and wild-type ATTR amyloidosis are increasingly available. The complex treatment options for AL amyloidosis are improving continuously, resulting in better survival and quality of life. Mortality in advanced cardiac amyloidosis remains high, underlining the importance of early diagnosis and treatment initiation. Cardiac amyloidosis is characterized by etiologic and clinical heterogeneity resulting in a frequently delayed diagnosis and an inappropriately high mortality risk. New treatment options for this hitherto partially untreatable condition have become and will become available, but raise challenges regarding their implementation. Referral to specialized centers providing access to extensive and targeted diagnostic investigations and treatment initiation may help to face these challenges.

2.
Biomark Med ; 13(17): 1493-1507, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659915

RESUMO

Aim: Heart failure negatively impacts quality of life (QoL), which in turn contributes to an adverse long-term prognosis. We aimed at identifying biomarker trajectories after an episode of acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) that differ between patients showing average versus impaired QoL 1 year later, thus allowing to predict impaired QoL. Methods: Biomarkers were repeatedly measured throughout the year in 104 ADHF patients. QoL was assessed at discharge and 1 year after ADHF. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analyses were used to identify predictors of impaired QoL while controlling psychosocial confounders. Results: MR-proANP predicted impaired physical and mental QoL. NT-proBNP measurements were important predictors for poor physical QoL. Conclusion: MR-proANP and NT-proBNP predict poor QoL after an epidode of ADHF. The trial is registered at http://clinicaltrials.gov as MOLITOR (IMpact of therapy optimisation On the Level of biomarkers in paTients with Acute and Decompensated ChrOnic HeaRt Failure) with unique identifier: NCT01501981.

3.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 267: 46-51, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483253

RESUMO

The Clinical Quality Language (CQL) is a useful tool for defining search requests for data stores containing FHIR data. Unfortunately, there are only few execution engines that are able to evaluate CQL queries. As FHIR data represents a graph structure, the authors pursue the approach of storing all data contained in a FHIR server in the graph database Neo4J and to translate CQL queries into Neo4J's query language Cypher. The query results returned by the graph database are retranslated into their FHIR representation and returned to the querying user. The approach has been positively tested on publicly available FHIR servers with a handcrafted set of example CQL queries.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Factuais , Linguagem
4.
PLoS One ; 14(9): e0221888, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513619

RESUMO

AIMS: We aimed to provide reference values for speckle-tracking derived systolic and diastolic myocardial deformation markers, and to determine their relation with age, sex, and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure STAges A/B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) cohort study recruited a representative sample of the population of Würzburg, Germany, aged 30-79 years. In a sample of 1818 participants (52% female, mean age 54±12 years) global longitudinal peak systolic strain (GL-PSS, n = 1218), systolic (GL-SSR, n = 1506), and early (GL-EDSR, n = 1506) and late diastolic strain rates (GL-LDSR, n = 1500) were derived from 2D speckle tracking analysis. From a subgroup of 323 individuals without any cardiovascular risk factor, sex- and age-specific reference values were computed. GL-PSS, GL-SSR, and GL-EDSR were associated with sex, GL-EDSR decreased and GL-LDSR increased with age. In the total sample, dyslipidemia was associated with altered GL-PSS, GL-SSR, and GL-EDSR in women but not in men, whereas obesity was associated with less favorable GL-PSS and GL-EDSR in either sex. Hypertension impacted more adversely on systolic and diastolic myocardial deformation in women compared to men (all p<0.01). CONCLUSION: The female myocardium appeared more vulnerable to high blood pressure and dyslipidemia when compared to men, while obesity was associated with adverse myocardial deformation in either sex. The reference values for echocardiographic myocardial deformation provided for a non-diseased population and their here reported associations with cardiovascular risk factors will inform future observational and intervention studies regarding i) effect sizes and power calculation, ii) cross-study comparisons, and iii) categorization of myocardial deformation in specific patient groups.

5.
Int J Hypertens ; 2019: 9385397, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31467700

RESUMO

Background. Effective antihypertensive treatment depends on patient compliance regarding prescribed medications. We assessed the impact of beliefs related towards antihypertensive medication on blood pressure control in a population-based sample treated for hypertension. Methods. We used data from the Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure Stages A-B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) study investigating 5000 inhabitants aged 30 to 79 years from the general population of Würzburg, Germany. The Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire German Version (BMQ-D) was provided in a subsample without established cardiovascular diseases (CVD) treated for hypertension. We evaluated the association between inadequately controlled hypertension (systolic RR >140/90 mmHg; >140/85 mmHg in diabetics) and reported concerns about and necessity of antihypertensive medication. Results. Data from 293 participants (49.5% women, median age 64 years [quartiles 56.0; 69.0]) entered the analysis. Despite medication, half of the participants (49.8%) were above the recommended blood pressure target. Stratified for sex, inadequately controlled hypertension was less frequent in women reporting higher levels of concerns (OR 0.36; 95%CI 0.17-0.74), whereas no such association was apparent in men. We found no association for specific-necessity in any model. Conclusion. Beliefs regarding the necessity of prescribed medication did not affect hypertension control. An inverse association between concerns about medication and inappropriately controlled hypertension was found for women only. Our findings highlight that medication-related beliefs constitute a serious barrier of successful implementation of treatment guidelines and underline the role of educational interventions taking into account sex-related differences.

6.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 128-132, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437899

RESUMO

Secondary use of electronic health records using data aggregation systems (DAS) with standardized access interfaces (e.g. openEHR, i2b2, FHIR) have become an attractive approach to support clinical research. In order to increase the volume of underlying patient data, multiple DASs at different institutions can be connected to research networks. Two obstacles to connect a DAS to such a network are the syntactical differences between the involved DAS query interfaces and differences in the data models the DASs operate on. The current work presents an approach to tackle both problems by translating queries from a DAS using openEHR's query language AQL (Archetype Query Language) into queries using the query language CQL (Clinical Quality Language) and vice versa. For the subset of queries which are expressible in both query languages the presented approach is well feasible.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos
7.
Gastroenterology ; 157(2): 403-412, Aug., 2019. tabela, grafico
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1022748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Antiplatelets and anticoagulants are associated with increased upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We evaluated whether proton pump inhibitor therapy could reduce this risk. METHODS: We performed a 3 × 2 partial factorial double-blind trial of 17,598 participants with stable cardiovascular disease and peripheral artery disease. Participants were randomly assigned to groups given pantoprazole 40 mg daily or placebo, as well as rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily with aspirin 100 mg once daily, rivaroxaban 5 mg twice daily, or aspirin 100 mg alone. The primary outcome was time to first upper gastrointestinal event, defined as a composite of overt bleeding, upper gastrointestinal bleeding from a gastroduodenal lesion or of unknown origin, occult bleeding, symptomatic gastroduodenal ulcer or ≥5 erosions, upper gastrointestinal obstruction, or perforation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in upper gastrointestinal events between the pantoprazole group (102 of 8791 events) and the placebo group (116 of 8807 events) (hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67-1.15). Pantoprazole significantly reduced bleeding of gastroduodenal lesions (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.94; P = .03); this reduction was greater when we used a post-hoc definition of bleeding gastroduodenal lesion (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval, 0.27-0.74), although the number needed to treat still was high (n = 982; 95% confidence interval, 609-2528).CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized placebo-controlled trial, we found that routine use of proton pump inhibitors in patients receiving low-dose anticoagulation and/or aspirin for stable cardiovascular disease does not reduce upper gastrointestinal events, but may reduce bleeding from gastroduodenal lesions. ClinicalTrials. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem
8.
Gastroenterology ; 157(3): 682-691, ago., 30 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1015771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are effective at treating acid-related disorders. These drugs are well tolerated in the short term, but long-term treatment was associated with adverse events in observational studies. We aimed to confirm these findings in an adequately powered randomized trial. METHODS: We performed a 3 x 2 partial factorial double-blind trial of 17,598 participants with stable cardiovascular disease and peripheral artery disease randomly assigned to groups given pantoprazole (40 mg daily, n = 8791) or placebo (n = 8807). Participants were also randomly assigned to groups that received rivaroxaban (2.5 mg twice daily) with aspirin (100 mg once daily), rivaroxaban (5mg twice daily), or aspirin (100 mg) alone. We collected data on development of pneumonia, Clostridium difficile infection, other enteric infections, fractures, gastric atrophy, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, chronic obstructive lung disease, dementia, cardiovascular disease, cancer, hospitalizations, and all-cause mortality every 6 months. Patients were followed up for a median of 3.01 years, with 53,152 patient-years of follow-up. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the pantoprazole and placebo groups in safety events except for enteric infections (1.4% vs 1.0% in the placebo group; odds ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.75). For all other safety outcomes, proportions were similar between groups except for C difficile infection, which was approximately twice as common in the pantoprazole vs the placebo group, although there were only 13 events, so this difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In a large placebo-controlled randomized trial, we found that pantoprazole is not associated with any adverse event when used for 3 years, with the possible exception of an increased risk of enteric infections. (AU)


Assuntos
Bactérias , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Aspirina
9.
Gastroenterology ; 157(3): 682-691.e2, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31152740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are effective at treating acid-related disorders. These drugs are well tolerated in the short term, but long-term treatment was associated with adverse events in observational studies. We aimed to confirm these findings in an adequately powered randomized trial. METHODS: We performed a 3 × 2 partial factorial double-blind trial of 17,598 participants with stable cardiovascular disease and peripheral artery disease randomly assigned to groups given pantoprazole (40 mg daily, n = 8791) or placebo (n = 8807). Participants were also randomly assigned to groups that received rivaroxaban (2.5 mg twice daily) with aspirin (100 mg once daily), rivaroxaban (5 mg twice daily), or aspirin (100 mg) alone. We collected data on development of pneumonia, Clostridium difficile infection, other enteric infections, fractures, gastric atrophy, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, chronic obstructive lung disease, dementia, cardiovascular disease, cancer, hospitalizations, and all-cause mortality every 6 months. Patients were followed up for a median of 3.01 years, with 53,152 patient-years of follow-up. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference between the pantoprazole and placebo groups in safety events except for enteric infections (1.4% vs 1.0% in the placebo group; odds ratio, 1.33; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.75). For all other safety outcomes, proportions were similar between groups except for C difficile infection, which was approximately twice as common in the pantoprazole vs the placebo group, although there were only 13 events, so this difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: In a large placebo-controlled randomized trial, we found that pantoprazole is not associated with any adverse event when used for 3 years, with the possible exception of an increased risk of enteric infections. ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT01776424.


Assuntos
Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Pantoprazol/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Enterocolite Pseudomembranosa/induzido quimicamente , Enterocolite Pseudomembranosa/microbiologia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pantoprazol/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Oncotarget ; 10(34): 3154-3165, 2019 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31139330

RESUMO

Multiple myeloma (MM) is the second most common hematologic malignancy and occurs similar to cardiovascular diseases (CVD), in the sixth/seventh decade. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the prevalence and prognostic value of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and CVD in 325 patients with MM undergoing autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) at the University Hospital of Würzburg between 03/2004 and 12/2011. Mean age in the total cohort was 61 years. Among CVRF, prevalence of arterial hypertension was highest (59.7%), followed by overweight (54.2%) and positive smoking history (18.2%). The prevalence of heart failure (3.1%) or coronary heart disease (4.8%) was low. During a median follow-up of 36 months, 18% of the patients died. Hypertension (HR = 1.83, p = 0.048) as well as positive smoking history (HR = 2.13, p = 0.02) were independently associated with increased mortality risk in multivariate analysis. In a subgroup analysis of 100 patients echocardiographic parameters were compared before and after PBSCT. Echocardiography revealed a significant reduction of left atrial diameters (-1.5 mm, p = 0.009) and septum thickness (-1.0 mm, p = 0.001), non-significant reduction of systolic function, and an increase of the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction (+14%; p = 0.01). In this study CVRF, especially hypertension and smoking, are strong predictors of poor survival in patients with MM undergoing autologous PBSCT. Echocardiography before and after treatment shows subtle changes in systolic function but an increase of the prevalence of diastolic dysfunction.

11.
Gastroenterology ; 157(2): 403-412.e5, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Antiplatelets and anticoagulants are associated with increased upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We evaluated whether proton pump inhibitor therapy could reduce this risk. METHODS: We performed a 3 × 2 partial factorial double-blind trial of 17,598 participants with stable cardiovascular disease and peripheral artery disease. Participants were randomly assigned to groups given pantoprazole 40 mg daily or placebo, as well as rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily with aspirin 100 mg once daily, rivaroxaban 5 mg twice daily, or aspirin 100 mg alone. The primary outcome was time to first upper gastrointestinal event, defined as a composite of overt bleeding, upper gastrointestinal bleeding from a gastroduodenal lesion or of unknown origin, occult bleeding, symptomatic gastroduodenal ulcer or ≥5 erosions, upper gastrointestinal obstruction, or perforation. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in upper gastrointestinal events between the pantoprazole group (102 of 8791 events) and the placebo group (116 of 8807 events) (hazard ratio, 0.88; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.67-1.15). Pantoprazole significantly reduced bleeding of gastroduodenal lesions (hazard ratio, 0.52; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.94; P = .03); this reduction was greater when we used a post-hoc definition of bleeding gastroduodenal lesion (hazard ratio, 0.45; 95% confidence interval, 0.27-0.74), although the number needed to treat still was high (n = 982; 95% confidence interval, 609-2528). CONCLUSIONS: In a randomized placebo-controlled trial, we found that routine use of proton pump inhibitors in patients receiving low-dose anticoagulation and/or aspirin for stable cardiovascular disease does not reduce upper gastrointestinal events, but may reduce bleeding from gastroduodenal lesions. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01776424.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Pantoprazol/administração & dosagem , Úlcera Péptica/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Idoso , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Úlcera Péptica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Péptica/epidemiologia , Rivaroxabana/administração & dosagem , Rivaroxabana/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 258: 16-20, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942705

RESUMO

Secondary use of electronic health records using data warehouses (DW) has become an attractive approach to support clinical research. In order to increase the volume of underlying patient data DWs at different institutions can be connected to research networks. Two obstacles to connect a DW to such a network are the syntactical differences between the involved DW technologies and differences in the data models of the connected DWs. The current work presents an approach to tackle both problems by translating queries from the DW system openEHR into queries from the DW system i2b2 and vice versa. For the subset of queries expressible in the query languages of both systems, the presented approach is well feasible.


Assuntos
Data Warehousing , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
13.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 84, 2019 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The guideline recommendation to not measure carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) for cardiovascular risk prediction is based on the assessment of just one single carotid segment. We evaluated whether there is a segment-specific association between different measurement locations of CIMT and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Subjects from the population-based STAAB cohort study comprising subjects aged 30 to 79 years of the general population from Würzburg, Germany, were investigated. CIMT was measured on the far wall of both sides in three different predefined locations: common carotid artery (CCA), bulb, and internal carotid artery (ICA). Diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, smoking, and obesity were considered as risk factors. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, odds ratios of risk factors per location were estimated for the endpoint of individual age- and sex-adjusted 75th percentile of CIMT. RESULTS: 2492 subjects were included in the analysis. Segment-specific CIMT was highest in the bulb, followed by CCA, and lowest in the ICA. Dyslipidemia, hypertension, and smoking were associated with CIMT, but not diabetes and obesity. We observed no relevant segment-specific association between the three different locations and risk factors, except for a possible interaction between smoking and ICA. CONCLUSIONS: As no segment-specific association between cardiovascular risk factors and CIMT became evident, one simple measurement of one location may suffice to assess the cardiovascular risk of an individual.

14.
Eur Heart J ; 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30957867

RESUMO

AIMS: Anxiety, depression, and reduced quality of life (QoL) are common in patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs). Treatment options are limited and insufficiently defined. We evaluated the efficacy of a web-based intervention (WBI) vs. usual care (UC) for improving psychosocial well-being in ICD patients with elevated psychosocial distress. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicentre, randomized controlled trial (RCT) enrolled 118 ICD patients with increased anxiety or depression [≥6 points on either subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)] or reduced QoL [≤16 points on the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)] from seven German sites (mean age 58.8 ± 11.3 years, 22% women). The primary outcome was a composite assessing change in heart-focused fear, depression, and mental QoL 6 weeks after randomization to WBI or UC, stratified for age, gender, and indication for ICD placement. Web-based intervention consisted of 6 weeks' access to a structured interactive web-based programme (group format) including self-help interventions based on cognitive behaviour therapy, a virtual self-help group, and on-demand support from a trained psychologist. Linear mixed-effects models analyses showed that the primary outcome was similar between groups (ηp2 = 0.001). Web-based intervention was superior to UC in change from pre-intervention to 6 weeks (overprotective support; P = 0.004, ηp2 = 0.036), pre-intervention to 1 year (depression, P = 0.004, ηp2 = 0.032; self-management, P = 0.03, ηp2 = 0.015; overprotective support; P = 0.02, ηp2 = 0.031), and 6 weeks to 1 year (depression, P = 0.02, ηp2 = 0.026; anxiety, P = 0.03, ηp2 = 0.022; mobilization of social support, P = 0.047, ηp2 = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Although the primary outcome was neutral, this is the first RCT showing that WBI can improve psychosocial well-being in ICD patients.

15.
Hum Mutat ; 40(8): 1101-1114, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924982

RESUMO

Dominant mutations in the MYH7 and MYBPC3 genes are common causes of inherited cardiomyopathies, which often demonstrate variable phenotypic expression and incomplete penetrance across family members. Biallelic inheritance is rare but allows gaining insights into the genetic mode of action of single variants. Here, we present three cases carrying a loss-of-function (LoF) variant in a compound heterozygous state with a missense variant in either MYH7 or MYBPC3 leading to severe cardiomyopathy with left ventricular noncompaction. Most likely, MYH7 haploinsufficiency due to one LoF allele results in a clinical phenotype only in compound heterozygous form with a missense variant. In contrast, haploinsufficiency in MYBPC3 results in a severe early-onset ventricular noncompaction phenotype requiring heart transplantation when combined with a de novo missense variant on the second allele. In addition, the missense variant may lead to an unstable protein, as overall only 20% of the MYBPC3 protein remain detectable in affected cardiac tissue compared to control tissue. In conclusion, in patients with early disease onset and atypical clinical course, biallelic inheritance or more complex variants including copy number variations and de novo mutations should be considered. In addition, the pathogenic consequence of variants may differ in heterozygous versus compound heterozygous state.

16.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 21(5): 676-684, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30892806

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite recent advances in the treatment of chronic heart failure (HF), mortality and hospitalizations still remain high. Additional therapies to improve mortality and morbidity are urgently needed. The efficacy of cardiac glycosides - although regularly used for HF treatment - remains unclear. DIGIT-HF was designed to demonstrate that digitoxin on top of standard of care treatment improves mortality and morbidity in patients with HF and a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS: Patients with chronic HF, New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III-IV and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%, or patients in NYHA functional class II and LVEF ≤ 30% are randomized 1:1 in a double-blind fashion to treatment with digitoxin (target serum concentration 8-18 ng/mL) or matching placebo. Randomization is stratified by centre, sex, NYHA functional class (II, III, or IV), atrial fibrillation, and treatment with cardiac glycosides at baseline. A total of 2190 eligible patients will be included in this clinical trial (1095 per group). All patients receive standard of care treatment recommended by expert guidelines upon discretion of the treating physician. The primary outcome is a composite of all-cause mortality or hospital admission for worsening HF (whatever occurs first). Key secondary endpoints are all-cause mortality, hospital admission for worsening HF, and recurrent hospital admission for worsening HF. CONCLUSION: The DIGIT-HF trial will provide important evidence, whether the cardiac glycoside digitoxin reduces the risk for all-cause mortality and/or hospital admission for worsening HF in patients with advanced chronic HFrEF on top of standard of care treatment.

17.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487319838218, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889979

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We assessed prevalence and determinants in appropriate physician-led lifestyle advice (PLA) in a population-based sample of individuals without cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared with a sample of CVD patients. METHODS: PLA was assessed via questionnaire in a subsample of the population-based Characteristics and Course of Heart Failure Stages A-B and Determinants of Progression (STAAB) cohort free of CVD (primary prevention sample) and the German subset of the fourth EUROASPIRE survey (EUROASPIRE-IV) comprising CVD patients (secondary prevention sample). PLA was fulfilled if the participant reported having ever been told by a physician to: stop smoking (current/former smokers), reduce weight (overweight/obese participants), increase physical activity (physically inactive participants) or keep to a healthy diet (all participants). Factors associated with receiving at least 50% of the PLA were identified using logistic regression. RESULTS: Information on PLA was available in 665 STAAB participants (55 ± 11; 55% females) and in 536 EUROASPIRE-IV patients (67 ± 9; 18% females). Except for smoking, appropriate PLA was more frequently given in the secondary compared with the primary prevention sample. Determinants associated with appropriate PLA in primary prevention were: diabetes mellitus (odds ratio (OR) 4.54; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.88-10.95), hyperlipidaemia (OR 3.12; 95% CI 2.06-4.73) and hypertension (OR 1.74; 95% CI 1.15-2.62); in secondary prevention: age (OR per year 0.96; 95% CI 0.93-0.98) and diabetes mellitus (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.20-4.54). CONCLUSIONS: In primary prevention, PLA was mainly determined by the presence of vascular risk factors, whereas in secondary prevention the level of PLA was higher in general, but the association between CVD risk factors and PLA was less pronounced.

18.
Clin Res Cardiol ; 108(10): 1102-1106, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798347

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: So far the extent of regional variation of heart failure (HF) prevalence in Germany is unknown. METHODS: Using a full sample of nationwide claims data covering ambulatory care of approximately 87% of the German population, this study aimed to (i) examine regional differences of HF prevalence on the level of 402 German administrative districts and (ii) investigate factors associated with HF prevalence. This study included all statutory health-insured patients aged ≥ 40 years in 2017, comprising about 40 million individuals. Age- and sex-standardized HF prevalence was estimated on the district level. Two-level logistic regression analysis was employed to study the influence of the district-related factors degree of urbanisation and regional socio-economic status on HF diagnosis, adjusted for the individual's age and sex. RESULTS: HF prevalence in 2017 was 6.0%. Standardized prevalence on the district level varied by a factor of 4.3 (range 2.8-11.9%). Regional socio-economic status and degree of urbanisation were independently associated with HF prevalence. The prevalence increased with decreasing degree of urbanisation. The adjusted risk of suffering from HF was 40% higher in 'rural areas with a low population density' as compared to 'big urban municipalities' (odds ratio 1.40, 99% CI 1.24-1.59). CONCLUSION: Strong regional variations in HF prevalence may inform future public health policies regarding targeted resource planning and prevention strategies. High prevalence in areas with low population density adds to the challenge of ensuring universal access to health services in rural German regions.

19.
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging ; 46(7): 1407-1416, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30798427

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Cardiac amyloidosis (CA) is a rare cause of heart failure with frequently delayed diagnosis, because specific early signs or symptoms are missing. Recently, direct amyloid imaging using positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has emerged. The aim of this study was to examine the performance of 18F-florbetaben-PET/CT in detection of CA, and compare it to echocardiography (echo), cardiac MRI (CMR) and scintigraphy. Additionally, the use of 18F-florbetaben-PET/CT for quantification of amyloid burden and monitoring of treatment response was assessed. METHODS: Twenty-two patients with proven (n = 5) or clinical suspicion (n = 17) of CA underwent 18F-florbetaben-PET/CT for diagnostic work-up. Qualitative and quantitative assessment including calculation of myocardial tracer retention (MTR) was performed, and compared to echo (n = 20), CMR (n = 16), scintigraphy (n = 16) and serologic biomarkers (NT-proBNP, cTnT, free light chains). In four patients, follow-up PET/CT was available (after treatment initiation, n = 3; surveillance, n = 1). RESULTS: PET demonstrated myocardial 18F-florbetaben retention consistent with CA in 14/22 patients. Suspicion of CA was subsequently dropped in all eight PET-negative patients. Amyloid subtypes showed characteristic retention patterns (AL > AA > ATTR; all p < 0.005). MTR correlated with morphologic and functional parameters, as measured by CMR and echo (all r| > 0.47|, all p < 0.05), but not with cardiac biomarkers. Changes in MTR from baseline to follow-up corresponded well to treatment response, as assessed by cardiac biomarkers and performance status. CONCLUSIONS: Imaging of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) with 18F-florbetaben-PET/CT is feasible and might be useful in differentiating CA subtypes.

20.
Kidney Int ; 95(4): 983-991, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30712923

RESUMO

Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists have beneficial effects on left ventricular remodeling, cardiac fibrosis, and arrhythmia in heart failure, but efficacy and safety in dialysis patients is less clear. We evaluated the effect of spironolactone on left ventricular mass (LVM), an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, in hemodialysis patients. In this placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial, 97 hemodialysis patients (23% female; mean age 60.3 years) were randomized to spironolactone 50 mg once daily (n=50) or placebo (n=47). The primary efficacy endpoint was change in LVM index (LVMi) from baseline to 40 weeks as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Safety endpoints were development of hyperkalemia and change in residual renal function. There was no significant change in LVMi in participants randomized to spironolactone compared to placebo (-2.86±11.87 vs. 0.41±10.84 g/m2). There was also no difference in the secondary outcomes of mean 24-hour systolic or diastolic ambulatory blood pressure, left ventricular ejection fraction, 6-minute walk test distance, or New York Heart Association functional class. Moderate hyperkalemia (pre-dialysis potassium levels of 6.0-6.5 mmol/L) was more frequent with spironolactone treatment (155 vs. 80 events), but severe hyperkalemia (≥6.5 mmol/L) was not (14 vs. 24 events). Changes in residual urine volume and measured glomerular filtration rate did not differ between groups. There were no deaths in the spironolactone group and 4 deaths in the placebo group. Thus, treatment with 50 mg spironolactone did not change left ventricular mass index, cardiac function, or blood pressure in hemodialysis patients. Spironolactone increased the frequency of moderate hyperkalemia, but did not increase severe hyperkalemia.

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