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2.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2021 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33504483

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with COVID-19-related death in people with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Physician-reported registry of adults with rheumatic disease and confirmed or presumptive COVID-19 (from 24 March to 1 July 2020). The primary outcome was COVID-19-related death. Age, sex, smoking status, comorbidities, rheumatic disease diagnosis, disease activity and medications were included as covariates in multivariable logistic regression models. Analyses were further stratified according to rheumatic disease category. RESULTS: Of 3729 patients (mean age 57 years, 68% female), 390 (10.5%) died. Independent factors associated with COVID-19-related death were age (66-75 years: OR 3.00, 95% CI 2.13 to 4.22; >75 years: 6.18, 4.47 to 8.53; both vs ≤65 years), male sex (1.46, 1.11 to 1.91), hypertension combined with cardiovascular disease (1.89, 1.31 to 2.73), chronic lung disease (1.68, 1.26 to 2.25) and prednisolone-equivalent dosage >10 mg/day (1.69, 1.18 to 2.41; vs no glucocorticoid intake). Moderate/high disease activity (vs remission/low disease activity) was associated with higher odds of death (1.87, 1.27 to 2.77). Rituximab (4.04, 2.32 to 7.03), sulfasalazine (3.60, 1.66 to 7.78), immunosuppressants (azathioprine, cyclophosphamide, ciclosporin, mycophenolate or tacrolimus: 2.22, 1.43 to 3.46) and not receiving any disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug (DMARD) (2.11, 1.48 to 3.01) were associated with higher odds of death, compared with methotrexate monotherapy. Other synthetic/biological DMARDs were not associated with COVID-19-related death. CONCLUSION: Among people with rheumatic disease, COVID-19-related death was associated with known general factors (older age, male sex and specific comorbidities) and disease-specific factors (disease activity and specific medications). The association with moderate/high disease activity highlights the importance of adequate disease control with DMARDs, preferably without increasing glucocorticoid dosages. Caution may be required with rituximab, sulfasalazine and some immunosuppressants.

3.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479021

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Whether patients with inflammatory rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) are at higher risk to develop severe courses of COVID-19 has not been fully elucidated. Aim of this analysis was to describe patients with RMD according to their COVID-19 severity and to identify risk factors for hospitalisation. METHODS: Patients with RMD with PCR confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection reported to the German COVID-19 registry from 30 March to 1 November 2020 were evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate ORs for hospitalisation due to COVID-19. RESULTS: Data from 468 patients with RMD with SARS-CoV-2 infection were reported. Most frequent diagnosis was rheumatoid arthritis, RA (48%). 29% of the patients were hospitalised, 5.5% needed ventilation. 19 patients died. Multivariable analysis showed that age >65 years (OR 2.24; 95% CI 1.12 to 4.47), but even more>75 years (OR 3.94; 95% CI 1.86 to 8.32), cardiovascular disease (CVD; OR 3.36; 95% CI 1.5 to 7.55), interstitial lung disease/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ILD/COPD) (OR 2.79; 95% CI 1.2 to 6.49), chronic kidney disease (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.16 to 7.5), moderate/high RMD disease activity (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.02 to 3.76) and treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) in dosages >5 mg/day (OR 3.67; 95% CI 1.49 to 9.05) were associated with higher odds of hospitalisation. Spondyloarthritis patients showed a smaller risk of hospitalisation compared with RA (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23 to 0.91). CONCLUSION: Age was a major risk factor for hospitalisation as well as comorbidities such as CVD, ILD/COPD, chronic kidney disease and current or prior treatment with GCs. Moderate to high RMD disease activity was also an independent risk factor for hospitalisation, underlining the importance of continuing adequate RMD treatment during the pandemic.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , /genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , /terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
6.
RMD Open ; 6(3)2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051270

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess satisfaction with the effectiveness and tolerability of treatments in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients from the RABBIT register, starting a biological (b) or targeted synthetic (ts) disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD), or a conventional synthetic (cs)DMARD treatment after ≥1 csDMARD failure, were included. Treatment satisfaction was measured after 1 year of treatment in four categories and binarised for analysis. Logistic regression models were performed to calculate ORs for factors associated with treatment satisfaction. RESULTS: Data of 10 646 patients (74% women, mean 58 years) were analysed. At baseline, 55% of the patients were satisfied with the efficacy and 68% with the tolerability of their previously given treatments. After 1 year, 85% of the patients were satisfied with treatment effectiveness and 90% with tolerability. Baseline satisfaction (OR 2.98, 95% CI 2.58 to 3.44), seropositivity (OR 1.36, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.57), reduction of DAS28 (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.31 to 1.46) and pain (OR 1.26, 95% CI 1.22 to 1.31), and the improvement of physical capacity (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.17 to 1.29) were positively associated with treatment satisfaction at follow-up while glucocorticoids (GCs) >5 mg/day, depression, fibromyalgia, obesity, prior bDMARDs and therapy changes were negatively associated. The impact of GC on satisfaction was dose-dependent, becoming strongest for GC >15 mg (OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.16 to 0.34). A 5 mg/day reduction within 12 months was positively associated with satisfaction regarding efficacy (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.11 to 1.27) and tolerability (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.03 to 1.21). CONCLUSION: Most patients were satisfied with their treatment's effectiveness and tolerability after 1 year of treatment. Tapering GCs was positively associated with the improvement of patients' satisfaction.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is an urgent need for robust data on the trajectories and outcomes of pregnancies in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD). In particular when rare outcomes or rare diseases are to be investigated, collaborative approaches are required. However, joint data analyses are often limited by the heterogeneity of the different data sources.To facilitate future research collaboration, a European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Task Force defined a core data set with a minimum of items to be collected by pregnancy registries in rheumatology covering the period of pregnancy and the 28-day neonatal phase in women with any underlying IRD. METHODS: A stepwise process included a two-round Delphi survey and a face-to-face meeting to achieve consensus about relevant items. RESULTS: A total of 64 multidisciplinary stakeholders from 14 different countries participated in the two rounds of the Delphi process. During the following face-to-face meeting of the EULAR Task Force, consensus was reached on 51 main items covering 'maternal information', 'pregnancy' and 'treatment'. Generic instruments for assessment are recommended for every item. Furthermore, for the five most frequent IRDs rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and other connective tissue diseases, disease-specific laboratory markers and disease activity measurements are proposed. CONCLUSION: This is the first consensus-based core data set for prospective pregnancy registries in rheumatology. Its purpose is to stimulate and facilitate multinational collaborations that aim to increase the knowledge about pregnancy course and safety of treatment in women with IRDs during pregnancy.

9.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878994

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Patients with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) may be at risk to develop a severe course of COVID-19. The influence of immunomodulating drugs on the course of COVID-19 is unknown. To gather knowledge about SARS-CoV-2 infections in patients with IRD, we established a registry shortly after the beginning of the pandemic in Germany. METHODS: Using an online questionnaire (www.COVID19-rheuma.de), a nationwide database was launched on 30 March 2020, with appropriate ethical and data protection approval to collect data of patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2. In this registry, key clinical and epidemiological parameters-for example, diagnosis of IRD, antirheumatic therapies, comorbidities and course of the infection-are documented. RESULTS: Until 25 April 2020, data from 104 patients with IRD infected with SARS-CoV-2 were reported (40 males; 63 females; 1 diverse). Most of them (45%) were diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, 59% had one or more comorbidities and 42% were treated with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. Hospitalisation was reported in 32% of the patients. Two-thirds of the patients already recovered. Unfortunately, 6 patients had a fatal course. CONCLUSIONS: In a short time, a national registry for SARS-CoV2-infected patients with IRD was established. Within 4 weeks, 104 cases were documented. The registry enables to generate data rapidly in this emerging situation and to gain a better understanding of the course of SARS-CoV2-infection in patients with IRD, with a distinct focus on their immunomodulatory therapies. This knowledge is valuable for timely information of physicians and patients with IRD, and shall also serve for the development of guidance for the management of patients with IRD during this pandemic.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/complicações , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/tratamento farmacológico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Polimialgia Reumática/complicações , Polimialgia Reumática/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações , Escleroderma Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(7): 859-866, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: COVID-19 outcomes in people with rheumatic diseases remain poorly understood. The aim was to examine demographic and clinical factors associated with COVID-19 hospitalisation status in people with rheumatic disease. METHODS: Case series of individuals with rheumatic disease and COVID-19 from the COVID-19 Global Rheumatology Alliance registry: 24 March 2020 to 20 April 2020. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate ORs and 95% CIs of hospitalisation. Age, sex, smoking status, rheumatic disease diagnosis, comorbidities and rheumatic disease medications taken immediately prior to infection were analysed. RESULTS: A total of 600 cases from 40 countries were included. Nearly half of the cases were hospitalised (277, 46%) and 55 (9%) died. In multivariable-adjusted models, prednisone dose ≥10 mg/day was associated with higher odds of hospitalisation (OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.06 to 3.96). Use of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) alone or in combination with biologics/Janus Kinase inhibitors was not associated with hospitalisation (OR 1.23, 95% CI 0.70 to 2.17 and OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.37 to 1.46, respectively). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use was not associated with hospitalisation status (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.39 to 1.06). Tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (anti-TNF) use was associated with a reduced odds of hospitalisation (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.81), while no association with antimalarial use (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.57 to 1.57) was observed. CONCLUSIONS: We found that glucocorticoid exposure of ≥10 mg/day is associated with a higher odds of hospitalisation and anti-TNF with a decreased odds of hospitalisation in patients with rheumatic disease. Neither exposure to DMARDs nor NSAIDs were associated with increased odds of hospitalisation.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator de Necrose Tumoral/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Betacoronavirus , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Fatores de Proteção , Sistema de Registros , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espondiloartropatias/complicações , Espondiloartropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Vasculite/complicações , Vasculite/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
14.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 685-699, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969328

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide an update of the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) rheumatoid arthritis (RA) management recommendations to account for the most recent developments in the field. METHODS: An international task force considered new evidence supporting or contradicting previous recommendations and novel therapies and strategic insights based on two systematic literature searches on efficacy and safety of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) since the last update (2016) until 2019. A predefined voting process was applied, current levels of evidence and strengths of recommendation were assigned and participants ultimately voted independently on their level of agreement with each of the items. RESULTS: The task force agreed on 5 overarching principles and 12 recommendations concerning use of conventional synthetic (cs) DMARDs (methotrexate (MTX), leflunomide, sulfasalazine); glucocorticoids (GCs); biological (b) DMARDs (tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (adalimumab, certolizumab pegol, etanercept, golimumab, infliximab), abatacept, rituximab, tocilizumab, sarilumab and biosimilar (bs) DMARDs) and targeted synthetic (ts) DMARDs (the Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors tofacitinib, baricitinib, filgotinib, upadacitinib). Guidance on monotherapy, combination therapy, treatment strategies (treat-to-target) and tapering on sustained clinical remission is provided. Cost and sequencing of b/tsDMARDs are addressed. Initially, MTX plus GCs and upon insufficient response to this therapy within 3 to 6 months, stratification according to risk factors is recommended. With poor prognostic factors (presence of autoantibodies, high disease activity, early erosions or failure of two csDMARDs), any bDMARD or JAK inhibitor should be added to the csDMARD. If this fails, any other bDMARD (from another or the same class) or tsDMARD is recommended. On sustained remission, DMARDs may be tapered, but not be stopped. Levels of evidence and levels of agreement were mostly high. CONCLUSIONS: These updated EULAR recommendations provide consensus on the management of RA with respect to benefit, safety, preferences and cost.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Sociedades Médicas , Medicamentos Sintéticos/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/economia , Produtos Biológicos/economia , Consenso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos Sintéticos/economia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores
15.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(8): 1916-1926, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31745566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The effectiveness of TNF inhibitors in RA has been shown to be affected by obesity. No such effect has been found for abatacept and rituximab, while for tocilizumab results are ambiguous. Additionally, it remains unresolved whether sex is an effect modifier for obesity. We investigated the impact of obesity on the drug effectiveness of conventional synthetic or biologic DMARDs, taking into account potential sex-specific differences. METHODS: Data from 10 593 RA patients included in the German observational cohort study Rheumatoid Arthritis: oBservation of BIologic Therapy (RABBIT) since 2009 were analysed. Patients had to have a BMI ≥18.5 kg/m2, at least one follow-up and 6 months of observation time. The influence of obesity on drug effectiveness was investigated by regression analysis, adjusting for potential confounders. RESULTS: Obesity had a negative impact on improvement in the DAS with 28 joints using ESR as an inflammation marker of -0.15 (95% CI: -0.26; -0.04) units for women receiving conventional synthetic DMARDs, -0.22 (95% CI: -0.31; -0.12) units for women receiving TNF inhibitors, -0.22 (95% CI: -0.42; -0.03) units for women receiving tocilizumab and -0.41 (95% CI: -0.74; -0.07) units for men receiving tocilizumab. Overall, no negative obesity effects on the effectiveness of rituximab and abatacept were found. CONCLUSION: Obesity has a negative impact on the effectiveness of cytokine-targeted but not cell-targeted therapies in daily practice, affecting more outcomes and therapies in women than in men. Overall, no effects of obesity on treatment effectiveness were found for rituximab and abatacept.

16.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 21(1): 241, 2019 11 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727137

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The collaborative initiative of the European Network of Pregnancy Registers in Rheumatology (EuNeP) aims to combine data available in nationwide pregnancy registers to increase knowledge on pregnancy outcomes in women with inflammatory rheumatic diseases (IRD) and on drug safety during pregnancy and lactation. The objective of this study was to describe the similarities and differences of the member registers. METHODS: From all registers, information about their structure and design was collected, as well as which parameters regarding demographics, maternal outcomes, treatment, course and outcome of pregnancy, and development of the child were available in the respective datasets. Furthermore, the current recruitment status was reported. RESULTS: The four registers (EGR2 (France), RePreg (Switzerland), RevNatus (Norway), and Rhekiss (Germany)) collect information prospectively and nationwide. Patients can be enrolled before conception or during pregnancy. To date, more than 3500 patients in total have been included, and data on 2200 pregnancies with an outcome are available. The distribution of diagnoses in the respective registers varies considerably, and only three entities (rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and spondyloarthritis) are captured by all the registers. Broad consistency was found in non-disease-specific data items, but differences regarding instruments and categories as well as frequency of data collection were revealed. Disease-specific data items are less homogeneously collected. CONCLUSION: Although the registers in this collaboration have similar designs, we found numerous differences in the variables collected. This survey of the status quo of current pregnancy registers is the first step towards identifying data collected uniformly across registers in order to facilitate joint analyses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Not applicable.


Assuntos
Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações na Gravidez/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Reumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Transtornos da Lactação/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Lactação/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos da Lactação/epidemiologia , Noruega/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Reumatologia/organização & administração , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/tratamento farmacológico , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Suíça/epidemiologia
17.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(9): 1160-1166, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898837

RESUMO

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) represents the most common form of primary systemic vasculitis and is frequently associated with comorbidities related to the disease itself or induced by the treatment. Systematically collected data on disease course, treatment and outcomes of GCA remain scarce. The aim of this EULAR Task Force was to identify a core set of items which can easily be collected by experienced clinicians, in order to facilitate collaborative research into the course and outcomes of GCA. A multidisciplinary EULAR task force group of 20 experts including rheumatologists, internists, epidemiologists and patient representatives was assembled. During a 1-day meeting, breakout groups discussed items from a previously compiled collection of parameters describing GCA status and disease course. Feedback from breakout groups was further discussed. Final consensus was achieved by means of several rounds of email discussions after the meeting. A three-round Delphi survey was conducted to determine a core set of parameters including the level of agreement. 117 parameters were regarded as relevant. Potential items were subdivided into the following categories: General, demographics, GCA-related signs and symptoms, other medical conditions and treatment. Possible instruments and assessment intervals were proposed for documentation of each item. To facilitate implementation of the recommendations in clinical care and clinical research, a minimum core set of 50 parameters was agreed. This proposed core set intends to ensure that relevant items from different GCA registries and databases can be compared for the dual purposes of facilitating clinical research and improving clinical care.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Assistência à Saúde/normas , Arterite de Células Gigantes/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Reumatologia/normas , Sociedades Médicas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos
18.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(6): 976-982, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30316460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of indicators of unfavorable prognosis ("poor prognostic factors") on the achievement of low disease activity (LDA)/remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Biologic DMARD-naïve patients with RA from three observational cohorts were examined. N = 713 patients started their 1st csDMARD, n = 1613 switched to the 2nd csDMARD and n = 388 to the 1st TNF-inhibitor. High disease activity (DAS28 > 5.1), autoantibodies (RF/ACPA positive), prevalent erosions, functional limitation (HAQ ≥ 1.2), comorbidities, obesity (BMI > 30 kg/m2), and smoking were evaluated as prognostic factors. Generalized regression analyses were applied to investigate prognostic factors regarding the achievement of LDA (DAS28 < 3.2) or remission (DAS28 < 2.6) within six months. RESULTS: At baseline, RF/ACPA positivity was most frequent in all cohorts (60.3-75.3%), followed by DAS28 > 5.1 (35-57.7%), HAQ ≥ 1.2 (40.5-52.5%), ≥ 2 comorbidities (31.4-54.1%) and erosions (17.1-46.1%). Remission was achieved by 39% (1st-csDMARD), 26% (2nd-csDMARD) and 30% (1st-TNFi). In adjusted regression models DAS28 > 5.1 (OR: 0.41 [0.30;0.56]), HAQ ≥ 1.2 (0.56 [0.42;0.74]), current smoking (0.72 [0.53;0.97], obesity (0.66 [0.49;0.89] and ≥ 2 comorbidities (0.57 [0.40;0.80]) were independently associated with a lower chance to achieve remission within six months (ORs for 2nd-csDMARD). The proportion of patients in LDA/remission declined by 6-12%-points if DAS28 > 5.1 was present at baseline and by 15-27%-points if functional limitation, comorbidities and obesity were additionally present. In all cohorts RF/ACPA positivity and erosions were not associated with achieving LDA/remission. CONCLUSIONS: While RF/ACPA status and erosions do not affect the achievement of LDA/remission, high disease activity, functional limitation, comorbidities and obesity should be considered as unfavorable prognostic factors in patients starting the 1st or 2nd DMARD strategy.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fumar , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Curr Opin Rheumatol ; 30(3): 288-294, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29389831

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: What is the best treatment option in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who have a history of malignant disease? Rheumatologists are increasingly faced with this question in their daily practice. As uncontrolled high disease activity is an important risk factor for further comorbidities and shortened life expectancy, the treatment has to be effective, without bearing a higher risk for cancer recurrence. What data is available today to guide treatment decisions and how robust is its evidence? RECENT FINDINGS: As patients with prior cancer are usually not included in randomized controlled trials, all data we have to elucidate this topic stems from observational cohort studies, mainly biologics registers established in several European countries. The registries investigated the risk of recurrence of cancer mainly by comparing treatments with csDMARDs and TNF inhibitors. Few results are available so far for the treatment with rituximab. However, because of their observational design, the data can only reflect current clinical practice. Because of the lack of evidence, questions such as: are biologics soon after cancer diagnosis safe, remain. SUMMARY: There is still insufficient data for patients with a very recent history of cancer. However, in patients with cancer being in longer remission, observational data suggest no increased risk of overall cancer recurrence when they are treated either with TNF inhibitors or rituximab.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Comorbidade , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(4): 579-587, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29143933

RESUMO

In Germany, Tocilizumab (TCZ) is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis both in biologic-naïve patients and those with previous failures of biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). The long-term effectiveness and retention rates of TCZ in patients with different numbers of prior bDMARD failures has rarely been investigated. We included 885 RA patients in the analyses, enrolled with the start of TCZ between 2009 and 2015 in the German biologics register RABBIT. Patients were stratified according to prior bDMARD failures: no prior bDMARD or 1, 2 or ≥ 3 bDMARD failures. We applied Kaplan-Meier methods and Cox-regression to examine treatment adherence as well as linear mixed effects models to investigate effectiveness over 3 years of follow-up. Compared to biologic-naïve patients, those with prior bDMARD failures at start of TCZ were younger but had significantly longer disease duration and more comorbidities. DAS28 at baseline and loss of physical function were highest in patients with ≥ 3 bDMARD failures. During follow-up, patients with up to two bDMARD failures on average reached low disease activity (LDA, DAS28 < 3.2). Those with ≥ 3 prior bDMARDs had a slightly lower response. However, after 3 years, nearly 50% of them achieved LDA. Treatment continuation on TCZ therapy was similar in patients with ≤ 2 bDMARD failures but significantly lower in those with ≥ 3 bDMARD failures. TCZ seems to be similarly effective in patients with no, one or two prior bDMARD failures. The majority of patients achieved LDA already after 6 months and maintained it over a period of 3 years. TCZ proved effective even in the high-risk group of patients with more than two prior bDMARD failures.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Produtos Biológicos/administração & dosagem , Substituição de Medicamentos , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Produtos Biológicos/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento
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