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Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(28): 19082-19086, 2018 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29972161


Atomic force microscopy (AFM) was used to determine the mechanical properties as the indentation modulus of native and crosslinked poly(l-lysine) (PLL)/hyaluronic acid (HA) multilayer films by static force measurements. The influence of the surrounding medium on the mechanical properties of the films after preparation is investigated. The indentation modulus of native and crosslinked film was measured at different pH values, ionic strengths and temperatures. The native HA/PLL films, which behave like a physical gel, show the highest values of the indentation modulus for an intermediate pH value and low ionic strength. Any changes in the pH or an increase in the ionic strength/temperature decreases the measured indentation modulus. In contrast, the crosslinked films show an increase by a factor of 80 in the indentation modulus but no response to changes in the pH, ionic strength or temperature; they behave like a chemical gel. The pH, ionic strength and temperature used in this work are close to the in vivo conditions and thus give a fundamental point of view on the nanomechanical response of the PLL/HA films. Furthermore, information about the mechanical properties can be used for the understanding and manipulation of cell adhesion.

Meio Ambiente , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Polilisina/química , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Langmuir ; 32(41): 10505-10512, 2016 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27610635


Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is used to carry out rheology measurements on the nanoscale and to determine the mechanical properties of poly(l-lysine) (PLL)/hyaluronic acid (HA) multilayer films. Storage (G') and loss modulus (G″) of the films are calculated and compared with the values obtained from quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring measurements (QCM-D). A predominant elastic behavior independently of the applied frequencies (5-100 Hz) is observed for native HA/PLL films consisting of 36 double layer. If the layers are cross-linked, the value of G' increases by 2 orders of magnitude, while the loss modulus becomes negligible, making these films a purely elastic chemical gel. The values of G' and G'' extracted from QCM-D measurements on native films are much higher, due to the different frequency regime of the applied shear stress. However, the viscoelastic ratio from the two methods is the same and proves the elastic dominated response of the multilayer in both frequency regimes.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(16): 5028-34, 2016 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26991543


A novel method for the preparation of transparent Al2O3 coatings of polymers is presented. An environmental-friendly sol-gel method is employed, which implies mild conditions and low costs. A thermoresponsive brush is chosen as a model surface. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is used to characterize the samples during the conversion of the precursor Al(OH)3 into oxide and to prove the mildness of the protocol. The study evidences a relation between lateral homogeneity of alumina and the wettability of the polymer surface by the precursor solution, while morphology and elasticity are dominated by the polymer properties. The study of the swelling behavior of the underneath brush reveals the absence of water uptake, proving the impermeability of the alumina layer. The broad chemical and structural variety of polymers, combined with the robustness of transparent alumina films, makes these composites promising as biomedical implants, protective sheets and components for electric and optical devices.