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1.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 103(1): 76-84, 2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25120086

RESUMO

The chemical structure of lipoprotein (a) is similar to that of LDL, from which it differs due to the presence of apolipoprotein (a) bound to apo B100 via one disulfide bridge. Lipoprotein (a) is synthesized in the liver and its plasma concentration, which can be determined by use of monoclonal antibody-based methods, ranges from < 1 mg to > 1,000 mg/dL. Lipoprotein (a) levels over 20-30 mg/dL are associated with a two-fold risk of developing coronary artery disease. Usually, black subjects have higher lipoprotein (a) levels that, differently from Caucasians and Orientals, are not related to coronary artery disease. However, the risk of black subjects must be considered. Sex and age have little influence on lipoprotein (a) levels. Lipoprotein (a) homology with plasminogen might lead to interference with the fibrinolytic cascade, accounting for an atherogenic mechanism of that lipoprotein. Nevertheless, direct deposition of lipoprotein (a) on arterial wall is also a possible mechanism, lipoprotein (a) being more prone to oxidation than LDL. Most prospective studies have confirmed lipoprotein (a) as a predisposing factor to atherosclerosis. Statin treatment does not lower lipoprotein (a) levels, differently from niacin and ezetimibe, which tend to reduce lipoprotein (a), although confirmation of ezetimibe effects is pending. The reduction in lipoprotein (a) concentrations has not been demonstrated to reduce the risk for coronary artery disease. Whenever higher lipoprotein (a) concentrations are found, and in the absence of more effective and well-tolerated drugs, a more strict and vigorous control of the other coronary artery disease risk factors should be sought.


Assuntos
Lipoproteína(a)/fisiologia , Apolipoproteínas A/química , Apolipoproteínas A/genética , Humanos , Lipoproteína(a)/análise , Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(1): 76-84, 07/2014. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: lil-718102

RESUMO

The chemical structure of lipoprotein (a) is similar to that of LDL, from which it differs due to the presence of apolipoprotein (a) bound to apo B100 via one disulfide bridge. Lipoprotein (a) is synthesized in the liver and its plasma concentration, which can be determined by use of monoclonal antibody-based methods, ranges from < 1 mg to > 1,000 mg/dL. Lipoprotein (a) levels over 20-30 mg/dL are associated with a two-fold risk of developing coronary artery disease. Usually, black subjects have higher lipoprotein (a) levels that, differently from Caucasians and Orientals, are not related to coronary artery disease. However, the risk of black subjects must be considered. Sex and age have little influence on lipoprotein (a) levels. Lipoprotein (a) homology with plasminogen might lead to interference with the fibrinolytic cascade, accounting for an atherogenic mechanism of that lipoprotein. Nevertheless, direct deposition of lipoprotein (a) on arterial wall is also a possible mechanism, lipoprotein (a) being more prone to oxidation than LDL. Most prospective studies have confirmed lipoprotein (a) as a predisposing factor to atherosclerosis. Statin treatment does not lower lipoprotein (a) levels, differently from niacin and ezetimibe, which tend to reduce lipoprotein (a), although confirmation of ezetimibe effects is pending. The reduction in lipoprotein (a) concentrations has not been demonstrated to reduce the risk for coronary artery disease. Whenever higher lipoprotein (a) concentrations are found, and in the absence of more effective and well-tolerated drugs, a more strict and vigorous control of the other coronary artery disease risk factors should be sought.


A partícula de lipoproteína (a) apresenta estrutura semelhante à da LDL, diferenciando-se pela presença da apolipoproteína (a) ligada por uma ponte dissulfeto à apolipoproteína B. Sua síntese ocorre no fígado e sua concentração plasmática varia de < 1 mg a > 1.000 mg/dL, podendo ser dosada de rotina em laboratório clínico por método baseado em anticorpos monoclonais. Acima de 20 a 30 mg/dL o risco de desenvolvimento de doença cardiovascular aumenta em cerca de duas vezes, o que não é válido para os afrodescendentes, que já apresentam normalmente níveis mais altos dessa lipoproteína, do que caucasianos e orientais. Entretanto, o risco para indivíduos negros também deve ser levado em conta. Gênero e idade exercem pouca influência na concentração de lipoproteína (a). A homologia com o plasminogênio, que interfere na cascata fibrinolítica, pode ser um mecanismo da aterogenicidade da lipoproteína (a). Entretanto, a deposição direta na parede da artéria também é um dos mecanismos possíveis, sendo a lipoprotrína (a) mais oxidável do que a LDL. De forma geral estudos prospectivos confirmam a lipoproteína (a) como fator predisponente à aterosclerose. O uso de estatinas não interfere no nível da lipoproteína (a), diferentemente da niacina e da ezetimiba, que promovem sua diminuição, embora essa última dependa de confirmação. Não está demonstrado que a redução de lipoproteína (a) resulte em diminuição de risco de doença arterial coronária. Diante de concentrações mais elevadas de lipoproteína (a) e na falta de medicações mais efetivas e de boa tolerabilidade, deve-se, pelo menos, procurar controlar, de forma mais rigorosa, os outros fatores de risco de doença arterial coronária.


Assuntos
Humanos , Lipoproteína(a)/fisiologia , Apolipoproteínas A/química , Apolipoproteínas A/genética , Lipoproteína(a)/análise , Lipoproteína(a)/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
3.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 13: 117, 2013 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24330253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic preconditioning is a powerful mechanism of myocardial protection and in humans it can be evaluated by sequential exercise tests. Coronary Artery Disease in the presence of diabetes mellitus may be associated with worse outcomes. In addition, some studies have shown that diabetes interferes negatively with the development of ischemic preconditioning. However, it is still unknown whether diabetes may influence the expression of ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable multivessel coronary artery disease. METHODS/DESIGN: This study will include 140 diabetic and non-diabetic patients with chronic, stable coronary artery disease and preserved left ventricular systolic function. The patients will be submitted to two sequential exercise tests with 30-minutes interval between them. Ischemic parameters will be compared between diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Ischemic preconditioning will be considered present when time to 1.0 mm ST-segment deviation is greater in the second of two sequential exercise tests. Exercise tests will be analyzed by two independent cardiologists. DISCUSSION: Ischemic preconditioning was first demonstrated by Murry et al. in dog's hearts. Its work was reproduced by other authors, clearly demonstrating that brief periods of myocardial ischemia followed by reperfusion triggers cardioprotective mechanisms against subsequent and severe ischemia. On the other hand, the demonstration of ischemic preconditioning in humans requires the presence of clinical symptoms or physiological changes difficult to be measured. One methodology largely accepted are the sequential exercise tests, in which, the improvement in the time to 1.0 mm ST depression in the second of two sequential tests is considered manifestation of ischemic preconditioning.Diabetes is an important and independent determinant of clinical prognosis. It's a major risk factor for coronary artery disease. Furthermore, the association of diabetes with stable coronary artery disease imposes worse prognosis, irrespective of treatment strategy. It's still not clearly known the mechanisms responsible by these worse outcomes. Impairment in the mechanisms of ischemic preconditioning may be one major cause of this worse prognosis, but, in the clinical setting, this is not known. The present study aims to evaluate how diabetes mellitus interferes with ischemic preconditioning in patients with stable, multivessel coronary artery disease and preserved systolic ventricular function.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Precondicionamento Isquêmico Miocárdico/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(5): 404-411, maio 2013. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-675601

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: Hiperglicemia na fase aguda do infarto do miocárdio é importante fator prognóstico. Entretanto, sua fisiopatologia não está completamente elucidada. OBJETIVO: Analisar simultaneamente correlação entre hiperglicemia e marcadores bioquímicos relacionados ao estresse,metabolismo glicídico e lipídico, coagulação, inflamação e necrose miocárdica. MÉTODOS: Oitenta pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio foram incluídos prospectivamente. Os parâmetros analisados foram: glicose, hormônios do estresse (cortisol e norepinefrina), fatores do metabolismo glicídico [hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c), insulina], lipoproteínas (colesterol total, LDL, HDL, LDL eletronegativa minimamente modificada e adiponectina), glicerídeos (triglicérides, VLDL e ácido graxo), fatores da coagulação (fator VII, fibrinogênio,inibidor do ativador do plasminogênio-1), inflamação (proteína C reativa ultrassensível) e necrose miocárdica (CK-MB e troponina). Variáveis contínuas foram convertidas em graus de pertinência por intermédio de lógica fuzzy. RESULTADOS: Houve correlação significativa entre hiperglicemia e metabolismo glicídico (p < 0,001), lipoproteínas (p = 0,03) e fatores de necrose (p = 0,03). Na análise multivariada, somente metabolismo glicídico (OR = 4,3; IC = 2,1-68,9 e p < 0,001) e necrose miocárdica (OR = 22,5; IC = 2-253 e p = 0,012) mantiveram correlação independente e significativa.Para análise da influência da história de diabetes mellitus , modelo de regressão, incluindo somente pacientes sem diabetes mellitus foi desenvolvido, e os resultados não alteraram. Finalmente, no modelo ajustado para idade, sexo e variáveis clínicas(história de diabetes mellitus, hipertensão arterial e dislipidemia), três variáveis mantiveram associação significativa e independente com hiperglicemia: metabolismo glicídico (OR = 24,1; IC = 4,8-122,1 e p < 0,001) necrose miocárdica (OR = 21,9; IC = 1,3-360,9 e p = 0,03) e história de DM (OR = 27, IC = 3,7-195,7 e p = 0,001). CONCLUSÃO: Marcadores do metabolismo glicídico e necrose miocárdica foram os melhores preditores de hiperglicemia em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio.


BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in the acute phase of myocardial infarction is an important prognostic factor. However, its pathophysiology is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze simultaneously the correlation between hyperglycemia and biochemical markers related to stress, glucose and lipid metabolism, coagulation, inflammation, and myocardial necrosis. METHODS Eighty patients with acute myocardial infarction were prospectively included. The following parameters were analyzed: blood glucose; stress hormones (cortisol and norepinephrine); glucose metabolism factors [glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c); insulin]; lipoproteins (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, minimally modified electronegative LDL, and adiponectin); glycerides (triglycerides, VLDL and fatty acids); coagulation factors (factor VII, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1); inflammation (high-sensitivity C reactive protein); and myocardial necrosis (CK-MB and troponin). Continuous variables were converted into degrees of relevance using fuzzy logic. RESULTS: Significant correlation was observed between hyperglycemia and glucose metabolism (p < 0.001), lipoproteins (p = 0.03), and necrosis factors (p = 0.03). In the multivariate analysis, only glucose metabolism (OR = 4.3; CI = 2.1-68.9; and p < 0.001) and myocardial necrosis (OR = 22.5; CI = 2-253; and p = 0.012) showed independent and significant correlation. For the analysis of the influence of history of diabetes mellitus, a regression model including only patients without diabetes mellitus was developed, and the results did not change. Finally, in the model adjusted for age, gender, and clinical variables (history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidemia), three variables maintained a significant and independent association with hyperglycemia: glucose metabolism (OR = 24.1; CI = 4.8-122.1; and p < 0.001), myocardial necrosis (OR = 21.9; CI = 1.3-360.9; and p = 0.03), and history of DM (OR = 27; CI = 3.7-195.7; and p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Glucose metabolism and myocardial necrosis markers were the best predictors of hyperglycemia in patients with acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Hiperglicemia/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia
5.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 100(5): 404-11, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23598457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in the acute phase of myocardial infarction is an important prognostic factor. However, its pathophysiology is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze simultaneously the correlation between hyperglycemia and biochemical markers related to stress, glucose and lipid metabolism, coagulation, inflammation, and myocardial necrosis. METHODS Eighty patients with acute myocardial infarction were prospectively included. The following parameters were analyzed: blood glucose; stress hormones (cortisol and norepinephrine); glucose metabolism factors [glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c); insulin]; lipoproteins (total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, minimally modified electronegative LDL, and adiponectin); glycerides (triglycerides, VLDL and fatty acids); coagulation factors (factor VII, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1); inflammation (high-sensitivity C reactive protein); and myocardial necrosis (CK-MB and troponin). Continuous variables were converted into degrees of relevance using fuzzy logic. RESULTS: Significant correlation was observed between hyperglycemia and glucose metabolism (p < 0.001), lipoproteins (p = 0.03), and necrosis factors (p = 0.03). In the multivariate analysis, only glucose metabolism (OR = 4.3; CI = 2.1-68.9; and p < 0.001) and myocardial necrosis (OR = 22.5; CI = 2-253; and p = 0.012) showed independent and significant correlation. For the analysis of the influence of history of diabetes mellitus, a regression model including only patients without diabetes mellitus was developed, and the results did not change. Finally, in the model adjusted for age, gender, and clinical variables (history of diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidemia), three variables maintained a significant and independent association with hyperglycemia: glucose metabolism (OR = 24.1; CI = 4.8-122.1; and p < 0.001), myocardial necrosis (OR = 21.9; CI = 1.3-360.9; and p = 0.03), and history of DM (OR = 27; CI = 3.7-195.7; and p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Glucose metabolism and myocardial necrosis markers were the best predictors of hyperglycemia in patients with acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Hiperglicemia/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Coagulação Sanguínea/fisiologia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Lipoproteínas/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia
6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 12: 65, 2012 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22898311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the release of cardiac biomarkers after percutaneous (PCI) or surgical revascularization (CABG) is common, its prognostic significance is not known. Questions remain about the mechanisms and degree of correlation between the release, the volume of myocardial tissue loss, and the long-term significance. Delayed-enhancement of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) consistently quantifies areas of irreversible myocardial injury. To investigate the quantitative relationship between irreversible injury and cardiac biomarkers, we will evaluate the extent of irreversible injury in patients undergoing PCI and CABG and relate it to postprocedural modifications in cardiac biomarkers and long-term prognosis. METHODS/DESIGN: The study will include 150 patients with multivessel coronary artery disease (CAD) with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) and a formal indication for CABG; 50 patients will undergo CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); 50 patients with the same arterial and ventricular condition indicated for myocardial revascularization will undergo CABG without CPB; and another 50 patients with CAD and preserved ventricular function will undergo PCI using stents. All patients will undergo CMR before and after surgery or PCI. We will also evaluate the release of cardiac markers of necrosis immediately before and after each procedure. Primary outcome considered is overall death in a 5-year follow-up. Secondary outcomes are levels of CK-MB isoenzyme and I-Troponin in association with presence of myocardial fibrosis and systolic left ventricle dysfunction assessed by CMR. DISCUSSION: The MASS-V Trial aims to establish reliable values for parameters of enzyme markers of myocardial necrosis in the absence of manifest myocardial infarction after mechanical interventions. The establishments of these indices have diagnostic value and clinical prognosis and therefore require relevant and different therapeutic measures. In daily practice, the inappropriate use of these necrosis markers has led to misdiagnosis and therefore wrong treatment. The appearance of a more sensitive tool such as CMR provides an unprecedented diagnostic accuracy of myocardial damage when correlated with necrosis enzyme markers. We aim to correlate laboratory data with imaging, thereby establishing more refined data on the presence or absence of irreversible myocardial injury after the procedure, either percutaneous or surgical, and this, with or without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Troponina I/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Ponte de Artéria Coronária sem Circulação Extracorpórea/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Fibrose , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/patologia , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Necrose , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Stents , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
7.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 92(3): 215-26, 2009 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19390711

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rejection is one of the major causes of mortality following pediatric heart transplant. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been studied as a method for the diagnosis of acute rejection, especially in adult patients undergoing heart transplant. OBJECTIVE: To correlate serum BNP levels with acute rejection as diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy in patients of the pediatric heart transplant group. METHODS: A total of 50 BNP samples were collected from 33 children in the postoperative period of heart transplant, and data on age, gender, skin color, blood group, immune panel, follow-up time after transplant, functional class, immunosuppressive regimen used and number of rejections were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty three children with median age of 10.13 years were analyzed; of these, 54% were females and 78% were Caucasians. BNP levels were determined at a mean time from transplant of 4.25 years. Nine episodes of rejection were diagnosed in eight patients (27%) by means of endomyocardial biopsy; of these, three were grade 3A, five were grade 2, and one had humoral rejection. At the moment of biopsy, most patients were asymptomatic. The mean serum BNP level was 77.18 pg/ml, with 144.22 pg/ml in the group with rejection and 62.46 pg/ml in the group without rejection, with p = 0.02. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic children can present acute rejection in the postoperative period of heart transplant. Serum BNP levels show a statistically significant difference in the group with rejection and thus can be an additional method in the diagnosis of cardiac rejection.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração , Miocárdio/patologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Adolescente , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 92(3): 227-232, mar. 2009. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol, Português | LILACS | ID: lil-511634

RESUMO

FUNDAMENTO: A rejeição constitui-se em uma das principais causas de mortalidade após o transplante cardíaco pediátrico. O peptídeo natriurético tipo B (BNP) tem sido estudado como método no diagnóstico de rejeição aguda, especialmente em pacientes adultos submetidos a transplante cardíaco. OBJETIVO:Correlacionar o nível sérico de BNP à rejeição aguda diagnosticada pela biópsia endomiocárdica em pacientes do grupo de transplante cardíaco pediátrico. MÉTODOS:Foram coletadas 50 amostras de BNP de 33 crianças em pós-operatório de transplante cardíaco e analisados dados de idade, sexo, cor, grupo sangüíneo, painel imunológico, tempo de evolução após o transplante, classe funcional, imunossupressão utilizada e número de rejeições. RESULTADOS:Foram 33 crianças com idade mediana de 10,13 anos, predomínio do sexo feminino (54%) e da cor branca (78%). No momento da dosagem de BNP o tempo médio de transplante foi 4,25 anos. A biópsia endomiocárdica diagnosticou nove rejeições em oito pacientes (27%), sendo três com grau 3 A, cinco com grau 2 e um com rejeição humoral. No momento da biópsia, a maioria dos pacientes encontrava-se assintomática. O nível sérico de BNP foi em média 77,18 pg/ml, sendo 144,22 pg/ml no grupo com rejeição e 62,46 pg/ml no grupo sem rejeição, com p = 0,02. CONCLUSÃO: Crianças assintomáticas podem apresentar rejeição aguda no pós-operatório de transplante cardíaco. O nível sérico de BNP apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante no grupo com rejeição, podendo ser método adicional no diagnóstico de rejeição cardíaca.


BACKGROUND: Rejection is one of the major causes of mortality following pediatric heart transplant. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has been studied as a method for the diagnosis of acute rejection, especially in adult patients undergoing heart transplant. OBJECTIVE: To correlate serum BNP levels with acute rejection as diagnosed by endomyocardial biopsy in patients of the pediatric heart transplant group. METHODS: A total of 50 BNP samples were collected from 33 children in the postoperative period of heart transplant, and data on age, gender, skin color, blood group, immune panel, follow-up time after transplant, functional class, immunosuppressive regimen used and number of rejections were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty three children with median age of 10.13 years were analyzed; of these, 54% were females and 78% were Caucasians. BNP levels were determined at a mean time from transplant of 4.25 years. Nine episodes of rejection were diagnosed in eight patients (27%) by means of endomyocardial biopsy; of these, three were grade 3A, five were grade 2, and one had humoral rejection. At the moment of biopsy, most patients were asymptomatic. The mean serum BNP level was 77.18 pg/ml, with 144.22 pg/ml in the group with rejection and 62.46 pg/ml in the group without rejection, with p = 0.02. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic children can present acute rejection in the postoperative period of heart transplant. Serum BNP levels show a statistically significant difference in the group with rejection and thus can be an additional method in the diagnosis of cardiac rejection.


FUNDAMENTO: El rechazo constituye una de las principales causas de mortalidad tras el transplante cardiaco pediátrico. El péptido natriurético tipo B (BNP) ha sido estudiado como método en el diagnóstico de rechazo agudo, sobre todo en pacientes adultos sometidos a transplante cardiaco. OBJETIVO:Correlacionar el nivel sérico de BNP al rechazo agudo diagnosticado por biopsia endomiocárdica en pacientes del grupo de transplante cardiaco pediátrico. MÉTODOS:Se recolectaron 50 muestras de BNP de 33 niños en postoperatorio de transplante cardiaco, y se analizaron datos como edad, sexo, color, grupo sanguíneo, cuadro inmunológico, tiempo de evolución tras el transplante, clase funcional, inmunosupresión utilizada y número de rechazos. RESULTADOS:Se seleccionaron a 33 niños con edad promedio de 10,13 años, predominio del sexo femenino (54%) y de color blanca (78%). Al momento de la dosificación de BNP, el tiempo promedio de transplante fue de 4,25 años. La biopsia endomiocárdica diagnosticó nueve rechazos en ocho pacientes (27%), de ellos tres presentaron grado 3A, cinco grado 2 y uno rechazo humoral. Ya al momento de la biopsia, la mayoría de los pacientes se encontraba asintomática. El nivel sérico de BNP tuvo como promedio, 77,18 pg/ml; 144,22 pg/ml en el grupo con rechazo y 62,46 pg/ml en el grupo sin rechazo, con p = 0,02. CONCLUSIÓN: Niños asintomáticos pueden presentar rechazo agudo en el postoperatorio de transplante cardiaco. El nivel sérico de BNP presentó diferencia estadísticamente significante en el grupo con rechazo, lo que lo convierte en posible método adicional en el diagnóstico de rechazo cardiaco.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração , Miocárdio/patologia , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Biópsia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Adulto Jovem
9.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 87(2): 174-7, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16951836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To verify if the determination of NT-proBNP values would help predict the prognosis in advanced heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: One hundred and five subjects with average age of 52.4 years were evaluated, 66.6% of them males. Thirty-three (32.0%) subjects were outpatients and 70 (67.9%) were inpatients (functional class III/IV) admitted to the hospital for cardiac compensation. All patients had left ventricular systolic dysfunction and a mean ejection fraction of 0.29. The NT-proBNP levels were measured in all patients and they were followed-up over a period from 2 to 90 days (average 77 days). A ROC curve was drawn to determine the best cut-off point, as well as the corresponding Kaplan-Meyer survival curves. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 22 patients died. The average NT-proBNP value of the patients who remained alive was 6,443.67+/-6,071.62 pg/ml, whereas that of those who died was 14,609.66+/-12,165.15 pg/ml (p=0.001). The ROC curve identified a cut-off point at 6,000 pg/ml with 77.3% sensitivity (area under the curve: 0.74). The survival curve for values below and above 6,000 pg/ml was significantly different (p=0.002): patients with values below 6,000 pg/ml had a 90.2% 90-day survival, and those patients with values above, a 66% survival. CONCLUSION: Patients with advanced HF, especially those admitted to the hospital for cardiac compensation, had much higher NT-proBNP values, with a two-fold increase among those who died during the follow-up period. Values above 6,000 pg/ml identify the patients most likely to die within 90 days after hospital discharge.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 87(2): 174-177, ago. 2006. tab, graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-434005

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Verificar se a dosagem de NT-proBNP seria de auxílio na predição do prognóstico de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) avançada. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 105 pacientes: 33 (32,0 por cento) do ambulatório e 70 (67,9 por cento) em classe funcional III/IV, hospitalizados para compensação cardíaca, com média de idade de 52,4 anos, dos quais, 66,6 por cento homens. Todos tinham disfunção sistólica do ventrículo esquerdo sendo a fração de ejeção média de 0,29. Em todos dosou-se o NT-proBNP e foram acompanhados por um período de 2 a 91 dias (média 77 dias). Construiu-se a curva ROC para determinação do melhor nível de corte e curvas de sobrevida Kaplan-Meyer de acordo com esse nível. RESULTADOS: Durante o período de seguimento, 22 pacientes (20,9 por cento) morreram. O NT-proBNP médio dos pacientes vivos foi de 6.443,67±6.071,62 pg/ml e dos que morreram foi de 14.609,66±12.165,15 pg/ml (p=0,001). A curva ROC identificou nível de corte de 6.000 pg/ml com sensibilidade de 77,3 por cento (área da curva de 0,74). A curva de sobrevida para valores abaixo e acima de 6.000 pg/ml diferiu significantemente (p=0,002) com os pacientes com valores abaixo de 6.000 pg/ml apresentando sobrevida de 90,2 por cento em 90 dias e os pacientes com valores superiores, sobrevida de 66,6 por cento. CONCLUSÃO: Os pacientes. com IC avançada, especialmente os internados para compensação, apresentam valores muito aumentados de NT-proBNP, sendo estes duas vezes mais elevados entre os que morreram no seguimento. Valor acima de 6.000 pg/ml identifica grupo de pacientes com alta probabilidade de morrer em 90 dias após a alta hospitalar.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Prognóstico
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