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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19136, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR)-based rehabilitation is a promising approach for improving recovery in many conditions to optimize functional results, enhancing the clinical and social benefits of surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an early rehabilitation performed by the VR-based rehabilitation versus the traditional rehabilitation provided by physical therapists after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 85 subjects met the inclusion criteria and were randomized 3 to 4 days after TKA to an inpatient VR-based rehabilitation and a traditional rehabilitation. Participants in both groups received 60 minutes/day sessions until discharge (around 10 days after surgery). The primary outcome was the pain intensity. The secondary outcomes were: the disability knee, the health related quality of life, the global perceived effect, the functional independent measure, the drugs assumption, the isometric strength of quadriceps and hamstrings, the flexion range of motion, and the ability to perform proprioception exercises. Outcomes were assessed at baseline (3-4 days after TKA) and at discharge. RESULTS: VR-based or traditional rehabilitation, with 13% of dropout rate, shown no statistically significant pain reduction between groups (P = .2660) as well as in all other outcomes, whereas a statistically significant improvement was present in the global proprioception (P = .0020), in favor of the VR-based rehabilitation group. CONCLUSIONS: VR-based rehabilitation is not superior to traditional rehabilitation in terms of pain relief, drugs assumptions and other functional outcomes but seems to improve the global proprioception for patients received TKA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapy, level 1b. CONSORT-compliant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02413996.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17105, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574809

RESUMO

We aimed to determine the accuracy and failure of OAK device, an automated screening, for the assessment of fall risk in a prospective cohort of healthy adults aged over 65 years. The algorithm for fall risk assessment of the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) was used as reference standard. Of the 183 individuals recruited, the CDC algorithm classified 80 as being at moderate/high risk and 103 at low risk of falling. OAK device failure incidence was 4.9% (confidence interval [CI] upper limit 7.7%), below the preset threshold for futility-early termination of the study (i.e., not above 15%). The OAK device showed a sensitivity of 84% and a specificity of 67% (receiver operating characteristic [ROC] area 82%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 76-88%), not reaching the preplanned target sensitivity (not lower than 85%). Diagnostic accuracy was not far from the sensitivity levels similar to those obtained with other fall risk assessment. However, some limitations can be considered.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02655796.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Esforço/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/instrumentação , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
3.
Knee ; 26(6): 1413-1420, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) can provide reliable clinical and functional outcomes when performed simultaneously in both knees for treating bilateral osteoarthritis (OA). No studies to date have evaluated gait pattern after simultaneous bilateral UKR. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in gait variables after bilateral single-stage UKR (B-UKR) and to compare them with the outcomes after unilateral UKR in two other groups of patients: one with bilateral knee OA (P-UKR) and one with the contralateral knee unaffected (H-UKR). METHODS: Three-dimensional motion cohort data were prospectively collected before and six months after surgery; 37 were allocated to the B-UKR (n = 13), P-UKR (n = 12) or H-UKR (n = 12) group. Spatiotemporal variables (stride length, gait speed, gait cadence, stance phase, swing phase, and double support phase) and kinematic parameters (knee flexion and extension peak values, knee range of motion (ROM), and hip abduction peak value) were analyzed using mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA). The magnitude of effect for significant outcomes (ES) was determined using Cohen's d. RESULTS: Postoperative improvement in gait cadence (P < 0.01; ES = 1.20), walking speed (P < 0.05; ES = 0.58), stride length (P < 0.05; ES = 0.67), knee ROM (P < 0.05; ES = 0.89), knee flexion (P < 0.05; ES = 0.94), and hip abduction (P < 0.001; ES = 1.16) was noted for the B-UKR group, whereas only stride length improved (P < 0.05; ES = 0.48) for the H-UKR group, and no changes in any gait parameter were seen for the P-UKR group. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative improvement in gait parameters was observed in the B-UKR patients with bilateral OA. Whenever possible, simultaneous bilateral UKR should be considered in such patients.

4.
Eur Spine J ; 28(3): 526-535, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30617835

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Aim of the study was to verify the accuracy of rasterstereography (RST), as radiation-free alternative to plain radiography (RAD) in the monitoring of spine deformity and scoliosis progression in juvenile and adolescent subjects with idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: 192 subjects underwent RST (by Formetric 4D device) and low-dose RAD (EOS Imaging, France) in the same session. A sub-group of 30 subjects, selected for conservative treatment with corrective bracing, was assessed at 6-months follow-up. The Cobb angles (CA) obtained by the 3D spine reconstruction from RAD were compared with those provided by RST. Thoracic kyphosis (TK) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were compared as well. RESULTS: RST provided lower CA compared to RAD (15° vs. 33°, mean values). The average difference in measuring CA was 18°, and the correlation coefficient was 0.55. Comparable TK was observed, whereas LL resulted underestimated by RST compared to RAD (34° vs. 43°, average values). The within-subjects correlation, measuring the accuracy of RST in monitoring the scoliosis progression, was 0.3. Accuracy of RST in identifying increased or decreased CA was 67%. Sensitivity and specificity were 64% and 69%. CONCLUSIONS: RST demonstrated moderate accuracy in measuring the scoliosis degree and low accuracy in monitoring the curve progression. Accordingly, it cannot be considered as a valid alternative to radiographic evaluation. However, since demonstrated capable of revealing the presence of spine deformity, it could be in principle considered for the early screening in large adolescent populations, but after accounting for a cost-benefit analysis with respect to other traditional approaches. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.

5.
Neuroimage Clin ; 20: 177-187, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30094167

RESUMO

Studies on athletes or neurological patients with motor disorders have shown a close link between motor experience and motor imagery skills. Here we evaluated whether a functional limitation due to a musculoskeletal disorder has an impact on the ability to mentally rehearse the motor patterns of walking, an overlearned and highly automatic behaviour. We assessed the behavioural performance (measured through mental chronometry tasks) and the neural signatures of motor imagery of gait in patients with chronic knee arthrosis and in age-matched, healthy controls. During fMRI, participants observed (i) stationary or (ii) moving videos of a path in a park shown in the first-person perspective: they were asked to imagine themselves (i) standing on or (ii) walking along the path, as if the camera were "their own eyes" (gait imagery (GI) task). In half of the trials, participants performed a dynamic gait imagery (DGI) task by combining foot movements with GI. Behavioural tests revealed a lower degree of isochrony between imagined and performed walking in the patients, indicating impairment in the ability to mentally rehearse gait motor patterns. Moreover, fMRI showed widespread hypoactivation during GI in motor planning (premotor and parietal) brain regions, the brainstem, and the cerebellum. Crucially, the performance of DGI had a modulatory effect on the patients and enhanced activation of the posterior parietal, brainstem, and cerebellar regions that the healthy controls recruited during the GI task. These findings show that functional limitations of peripheral origin may impact on gait motor representations, providing a rationale for cognitive rehabilitation protocols in patients with gait disorders of orthopaedic nature. The DGI task may be a suitable tool in this respect.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Marcha/fisiologia , Imaginação/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior , Limitação da Mobilidade , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos , Idoso , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior/fisiopatologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento/fisiologia , Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia
6.
Eur Spine J ; 27(Suppl 1): 101-108, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29397444

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Most patients suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD) exhibit alterations in the posture, which can in several cases give rise to spine deformities, both in the sagittal and the coronal plane. In addition, degenerative disorders of the spine frequently associated to PD, such as spinal stenosis and sagittal instability, can further impact the quality of life of the patient. In recent years, spine surgery has been increasingly performed, with mixed results. The aim of this narrative review is to analyze the spinal disorders associated to PD, and the current evidence about their surgical treatment. METHODS: Narrative review. RESULTS: Camptocormia, i.e., a pronounced flexible forward bending of the trunk with 7% prevalence, is the most reported sagittal disorder of the spine. Pisa syndrome and scoliosis are both common and frequently associated. Disorders to the spinopelvic alignment were not widely investigated, but a tendency toward a lower ability of PD patients to compensate the sagittal malalignment with respect to non-PD elderly subjects with imbalance seems to emerge. Spine surgery in PD patients showed high rates of complications and re-operations. CONCLUSIONS: Disorders of the posture and spinal alignment, both in the sagittal and in the coronal planes, are common in PD patients, and have a major impact on the quality of life. Outcomes of spine surgery are generally not satisfactory, likely mostly due to muscle dystonia and poor bone quality. Knowledge in this field needs to be consolidated by further clinical and basic science studies. These slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.


Assuntos
Atrofia Muscular Espinal , Doença de Parkinson , Escoliose , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral , Humanos , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/complicações , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/epidemiologia , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/cirurgia , Doença de Parkinson/complicações , Doença de Parkinson/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Escoliose/complicações , Escoliose/epidemiologia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia
7.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 18(1): 299, 2017 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28709418

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single-leg squat (SLS) is a functional test visually rated by clinicians for assessing lower limb function as a preventive injury strategy. SLS clinical rating is a qualitative evaluation and it does not count objective outcomes as kinematics data and surface electromyography (sEMG) assessment. Based on the SLS rating, the aims of this study were (i) to determine the clinical rating agreement among six raters and (ii) to assess kinematic and sEMG predictors of good SLS performance in physically and non-physically active individuals. METHODS: Seventy-two healthy adults, divided in physically active and non-physically active groups, performed three SLSs on their dominant leg. Clinical ratings, kinematic data and sEMG were acquired. By using a validated clinical scale, six expert clinicians rated each SLS watching a video at three different time points. Intra and inter-rater agreement of clinical ratings were undertaken and a binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine kinematic and sEMG as predictors of SLS performance. RESULTS: The weighted kappa coefficient for intra-rater reliability within each rater ranged between moderate and almost perfect agreement (0.55-0.85) whereas the weighted kappa coefficient for inter-rater reliability among raters was fair (0.34, time point 0; 0.31, time point 1; 0.30, time point 2). SLS analyses of physically active compared to non-physically active group showed a statistically significant difference in knee flexion and hip flexion (p = 0.041 and p = 0.023 respectively) and no difference in clinical ratings (p = 0.081). Greater knee flexion can predict the good SLS performance taking into account the belonging group (p = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: Physically active individuals seemed to be at less risk to perform a non-good SLS and they had greater knee and hip flexions kinematics than non-physically active individuals. Knee flexion can predict the SLS performance quality therefore a greater knee flexion might also be considered a protective element from injuries. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (trial has been registred retrospectively: NCT03203083. Date registration: June 21, 2017.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
8.
J Biomech ; 58: 89-96, 2017 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28521951

RESUMO

In the panorama of available musculoskeletal modeling software, AnyBody software is a commercial tool that provides a full body musculoskeletal model which is increasingly exploited by numerous researchers worldwide. In this regard, model validation becomes essential to guarantee the suitability of the model in representing the simulated system. When focusing on lumbar spine, the previous works aimed at validating the AnyBody model in computing the intervertebral loads held several limitations, and a comprehensive validation is to be considered as lacking. The present study was aimed at extensively validating the suitability of the AnyBody model in computing lumbar spine loads at L4L5 level. The intersegmental loads were calculated during twelve specific exercise tasks designed to accurately replicate the conditions during which Wilke et al. (2001) measured in vivo the L4L5 intradiscal pressure. Motion capture data of one volunteer subject were acquired during the execution of the tasks and then imported into AnyBody to set model kinematics. Two different approaches in computing intradiscal pressure from the intersegmental load were evaluated. Lumbopelvic rhythm was compared with reference in vivo measurements to assess the accuracy of the lumbopelvic kinematics. Positive agreement was confirmed between the calculated pressures and the in vivo measurements, thus demonstrating the suitability of the AnyBody model. Specific caution needs to be taken only when considering postures characterized by large lateral displacements. Minor discrepancy was found assessing lumbopelvic rhythm. The present findings promote the AnyBody model as an appropriate tool to non-invasively evaluate the lumbar loads at L4L5 in physiological activities.


Assuntos
Exercício/fisiologia , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Modelos Biológicos , Software , Adulto , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Postura/fisiologia , Pressão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
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