Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 208
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32387779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that tricuspid valve regurgitation was associated with increased risk of mortality after pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 518 patients who received pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis between January 2000 and December 2016. We excluded cases of radiation induced constrictive pericarditis, tuberculous related constrictive pericarditis, and concomitant tricuspid valve intervention. Patients were classified according to preoperative transthoracic echocardiography tricuspid regurgitation grade: none/trivial in 276 (53%) patients, mild in 191 (37%), and moderate/severe in 51 (10%). A multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model was used to determine an association between tricuspid valve regurgitation grade and mortality. Primary endpoint of this study was mortality. RESULTS: Median patient age was 62 years (interquartile range 51-69), sex was male in 409 (79%) patients, and left ventricular ejection fraction was 60% (54-65). Clinical follow-up was obtained in all patients at a median of 7.6 years (3.6-11.3). Kaplan-Meier estimates of mortality were 10.6% at 1 year, 23.5% at 5 years, and 39.0% at 10 years. Multivariable analysis demonstrated increased mortality risk with mild tricuspid valve regurgitation versus none/trivial (HR 1.64; 95% CI 1.11-2.43; P=0.012) and moderate/severe tricuspid valve regurgitation versus none/trivial (HR 2.27; 95% CI 1.39-3.69; P=0.001). These findings were independent of right ventricular function. CONCLUSIONS: Tricuspid valve regurgitation is a common and clinically important comorbidity in patients operated with pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis. Mild or greater tricuspid valve regurgitation is associated with an increased risk of mortality following operation.

2.
Heart Lung ; 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334843

RESUMO

Ventricular tachycardia (VT) is common in LVAD recipients, and although often well tolerated, may result in symptoms and ICD therapies, and therefore require further evaluation and treatment. However, preload deficiency may also contribute to the development of ventricular tachycardia after LVAD implantation by provoking inflow cannula related VT. In this report, three cases are described where ventricular tachycardia was evaluated by integrated assessment utilizing echo and the HeartWare HVAD console, and successfully treated by modification of LV loading conditions.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32284201

RESUMO

Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is a mature imaging modality and critical component of contemporary heart surgery, in which it plays a key role in surgical planning, determination of cardiac chamber filling and function early after cardiopulmonary bypass, and timely assessment of surgical interventions. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography affords the unique opportunity to correct suboptimal surgical results before leaving the operating room. Herein, the authors provide a comprehensive review of their institution's experience with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography, emphasizing a practical assessment of commonly encountered noncongenital surgical heart lesions in adults, anticipation of potential surgical complications, and imaging approaches to facilitate timely surgical correction of unsatisfactory results.

4.
A A Pract ; 14(6): e01181, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224696

RESUMO

Utilization of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) is expanding, but dual VA-ECMO circuits to treat cardiogenic shock with refractory hypoxemia is unreported. We describe the case of combined cardiogenic and distributive shock due to necrotizing pulmonary blastomycosis. After initial central VA-ECMO cannulation, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) with increasing shunt resulted in significant central hypoxemia due to progressive ventilation-perfusion mismatch. An additional circuit provided complete oxygenation of the high circulating volume. After 4 months on support, he underwent successful heart-lung-kidney transplantation. Dual ECMO circuits are technically feasible and may be advantageous in specific circumstances of high pulmonary shunting resulting in excessive hypoxemia unbalanced with appropriate oxygen delivery.

5.
ASAIO J ; 2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224784

RESUMO

There is a paucity of data describing the invasive assessment of afterload and influence on cardiac output in patients supported on left ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy. From 2015 to 2018, patients on LVAD therapy were evaluated with simultaneous left/right heart catheterization ramp study for speed optimization. Hemodynamic parameters from 31 patients without significant aortic insufficiency were analyzed. Mean central aortic pressure (MAP) was elevated at 87 ± 13 mm Hg at baseline. No direct association between MAP and cardiac index (CI) was found (r = 0.11, p = 0.20). However, variable MAP provided vastly different patterns of cardiac output response to speed increments (positive correlation, p = 0.047 for MAP <80 mm Hg; negative trend, p = 0.25 for MAP > 100 mm Hg). Patients noted to be hypertensive (MAP > 90, n = 8) received nitrate therapy and experienced both improvement in biventricular filling pressures and a mean increase in CI from 2.4 to 2.9 L/min/m (+22%, p = 0.04) at a fixed revolutions per minute. High afterload is common in patients on LVAD therapy, is associated with poor response to ramp, and is ameliorated by nitrates. These findings serve as a foundation to evaluate the dynamic effects of high afterload and chronic vasodilator therapy in patients with durable LVADs.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173099

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The phenomenon of systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve (MV) was discovered 50 years ago, but to date only a few studies have identified risk factors for SAM following mitral repair. There are limited data on the necessity of surgical reintervention on the MV once SAM is discovered by intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. We sought to identify predictors of SAM in a large cohort of consecutive patients, assess the rate of early reintervention on the MV to address SAM, and follow the progression of SAM postdischarge. METHODS: Analysis of electronically stored echocardiographic exams of adults who underwent MV repair in a recent decade. RESULTS: Following MV repair, the incidence of SAM immediately after cardiopulmonary bypass was 13% (98 of 761 patients). Multivariable analysis revealed several preoperative risk factors of SAM development and progression, including a lower ratio of anterior to posterior leaflets heights, younger age, lower end-systolic left ventricular volume, presence of bileaflet prolapse, and male sex. SAM was managed conservatively in 91 patients (93%) and surgically in 7 patients (7%). In a majority of patients (70 of 98 patients [71%]) SAM resolved before hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Transesophageal echocardiography findings associated with SAM were excessive height of posterior to anterior mitral leaflet, smaller left ventricular end-systolic volume, and bileaflet prolapse. Conservative management of SAM was usually successful, and persistent hemodynamically significant SAM was uncommon. Prophylactic modification of the surgical technique to avoid SAM seems unnecessary for all but those at highest risk for developing SAM.

8.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 64: 93-98, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008725

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We examined characteristics of depressive symptoms in patients who received left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) to assess their effects on negative outcomes post-implantation. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 203 adults with pre-operative PHQ-9 scores who underwent LVAD placement as bridge to transplant (BTT) or destination therapy (DT). We analyzed effects of PHQ-9 total, somatic, and cognitive/affective scores and proportion of patients with clinical depression on all-cause mortality, rehospitalization, major bleeding, and neurologic events post-implantation, controlling for demographics and other medical comorbidities. RESULTS: Mean total PHQ-9 scores did not differ between 81 BTT and 122 DT patients (BTT 6.4 vs. DT 7.5, p = 0.12). A higher proportion of DT patients had clinical depression (BTT 22% vs. DT 39%, p = 0.015). Somatic symptoms accounted for three-quarters of total scores in both groups. PHQ-9 domains were not associated with negative outcomes post-implantation. CONCLUSION: Depression severity did not differ based on implant strategy, but more DT patients had clinical depression. Somatic symptoms were the biggest contributor to depressive symptoms. Pre-implantation PHQ-9 scores were not associated with outcomes, possibly because depression was mild in both groups. Additional work is needed in LVAD patients to better characterize depressive symptoms and their unique effects on clinical course and well-being.

9.
Int J Cardiol ; 310: 9-15, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32085862

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data on the outcomes of acute myocardial infarction with cardiogenic shock (AMI-CS) in patients with prior coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: A retrospective cohort of AMI-CS admissions during 2000-2016 from the National Inpatient Sample was created and prior CABG status was identified. Outcomes of interest included in-hospital mortality and resource utilization in the two cohorts. Temporal trends of prevalence, in-hospital mortality, and cardiac procedures were evaluated. RESULTS: In 513,288 AMI-CS admissions, prior CABG was performed in 22,832 (4.4%). Adjusted temporal trends showed a 2-fold increase in CS in both cohorts. There was a temporal increase in coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) across both cohorts. The cohort with prior CABG was on average older, of male sex, of white race, and with higher comorbidity. The cohort with prior CABG received coronary angiography (50% vs. 75%), PCI (32% vs. 49%), right heart catheterization/pulmonary artery catheterization (15% vs. 20%), mechanical circulatory support (26% vs. 46%) less frequently compared to those without (all p < 0.001). The cohort with CABG had higher in-hospital mortality (53% vs. 37%; adjusted odds ratio 1.41 [95% confidence interval 1.36-1.46]), greater use of do not resuscitate status (13% vs. 6%), shorter lengths of hospital stay (7 ± 8 vs. 10 ± 12 days), lower hospitalization costs ($92,346 ± 139,565 vs. 138,508 ± 172,895) and fewer discharges to home (39% vs. 43%) (all p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In AMI-CS, admission with prior CABG was older and had lower use of cardiac procedures and higher in-hospital mortality compared to those without prior CABG.

10.
Can J Cardiol ; 36(2): 244-260, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036866

RESUMO

Mechanical circulatory support with implantable durable continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs) represents an established surgical treatment option for patients with advanced heart failure refractory to guideline-directed medical therapy. CF-LVAD therapy has been demonstrated to offer significant survival, functional, and quality-of-life benefits. However, nearly one-half of patients with advanced heart failure undergoing implantation of a CF-LVAD have important valvular heart disease (VHD) present at the time of device implantation or develop VHD during support that can lead to worsening right or left ventricular dysfunction and result in development of recurrent heart failure, more frequent adverse events, and higher mortality. In this review, we summarize the recent evidence related to the pathophysiology and treatment of VHD in the setting of CF-LAVD support and include a review of the specific valve pathologies of aortic insufficiency (AI), mitral regurgitation (MR), and tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Recent data demonstrate an increasing appreciation and understanding of how VHD may adversely affect the hemodynamic benefits of CF-LVAD support. This is particularly relevant for MR, where increasing evidence now demonstrates that persistent MR after CF-LVAD implantation can contribute to worsening right heart failure and recurrent heart failure symptoms. Standard surgical interventions and novel percutaneous approaches for treatment of VHD in the setting of CF-LVAD support, such as transcatheter aortic valve replacement or transcatheter mitral valve repair, are available, and indications to intervene for VHD in the setting of CF-LVAD support continue to evolve.

11.
Int J Artif Organs ; : 391398819899403, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984834

RESUMO

HeartMate II left ventricular assist device controllers provide data including pulsatility index, reflecting the relationship between pump function and hemodynamics. We propose that a higher pulsatility index at hospital discharge following implant may be associated with less vascular congestion and improved clinical outcomes. A retrospective analysis of 40 patients (age 59.2 ± 10.3 years) supported with the HeartMate II devices was conducted. Data revealed moderate Pearson correlations between pulsatility index at discharge and right atrial pressure, pulmonary artery systolic pressure, pulmonary artery diastolic pressure, mean pulmonary arterial pressure, and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, respectively, post-surgery (median of 377 days), demonstrating a stronger relationship when analyzed for the EPC controller (n = 28) only (r = -.57, p < .01; r = -.38, p < .05; r = -.59, p < .01; r = -.47, p = .01 and r = -.53, p < .01, respectively). The pulsatility index derived from the EPC controller was associated with the significant risk of re-hospitalization within 1 and 2 years after the implantation of left ventricular assist device; hazard ratio = 0.557 with 95% confidence interval (0.315-0.983), p = .04 and hazard ratio = .579 (0.341-0.984), p = .04. A higher pulsatility index at discharge was associated with greater volume unloading, lower pulmonary pressures, and lower risk of all-cause re-hospitalizations within 1 and 2 years post-surgery. As such, pump-derived data may provide additional value in predicting left ventricular assist device hemodynamics.

12.
Int J Artif Organs ; 43(2): 99-108, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411101

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Long-term use of continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices may have negative consequences for autonomic, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal function. It has thus been suggested that non-invasive monitoring of arterial pulsatility in patients with a left ventricular assist device is highly important for ensuring patient safety and longevity. We have developed a novel, semi-automated frequency-domain-based index of arterial pulsatility that is obtained during suprasystolic occlusions of the upper arm: the 'cuff pulsatility index'. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the cuff pulsatility index and invasively determined arterial pulsatility in patients with a left ventricular assist device. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with a left ventricular assist device with end-stage heart failure (six females: age = 65 ± 9 years; body mass index = 30.5 ± 3.7 kg m-2) were recruited for this study. Suprasystolic occlusions were performed on the upper arm of the patient's dominant side, from which the cuff pressure waveform was obtained. Arterial blood pressure was obtained from the radial artery on the contralateral arm. Measurements were obtained in triplicate. The relationship between the cuff pressure and arterial blood pressure waveforms was assessed in the frequency-domain using coherence analysis. A mixed-effects approach was used to assess the relationship between cuff pulsatility index and invasively determined arterial pulsatility (i.e. pulse pressure). RESULTS: The cuff pressure and arterial blood pressure waveforms demonstrated a high coherence up to the fifth harmonic of the cardiac frequency (heart rate). The cuff pulsatility index accurately tracked changes in arterial pulse pressure within a given patient across repeated measurements. CONCLUSIONS: The cuff pulsatility index shows promise as a non-invasive index for monitoring residual arterial pulsatility in patients with a left ventricular assist device across time.

13.
14.
J Surg Educ ; 77(2): 281-290, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31677981

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The nondesignated preliminary (NDP) position in general surgery (GS) offers a 1-year surgical training opportunity for medical school graduates prior to obtaining categorical residency positions. Given that there is little long-term follow-up on the experiences of NDP residents, we sought to determine how NDPs felt about their intern year in GS. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of all NDP GS interns from 1993 to 2018. SETTING: Academic, tertiary care center with a large GS residency program (Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN). PARTICIPANTS: NDP GS interns (n = 151). RESULTS: Two-hundred and four surveys were emailed and 151 (62%) former NDP residents responded. Exposure to diverse pathology (85%), opportunity to work with experts (85%) and operative experience (72%) were the top 3 positive experiences from the NDP year. The uncertainty of being an NDP resident (78%) and experience compared to categorical counterparts (32%) were cited as the top 2 negative experiences. While 73% (n = 110) considered their NDP year to have laid a "strong" foundation for their future career, most respondents felt that the year was stressful and suggested improving mentoring and support for preliminary residents. Eighty-two percent (n = 124) of respondents stated that, they would be willing to redo their preliminary year. Fifty-four percent (n = 82) of respondents stated that they might have preferred a categorical position at a smaller institution versus a preliminary year. Forty percent of respondents (n = 60) reported fewer interviews and 24% (n = 36) reported a similar number of interviews offered when applying to the Match as a PGY1 prelim resident. CONCLUSIONS: Pursuing the NDP year is difficult, given the uncertainty that looms and the immense pressure to perform well. While the vast majority of our NDPs obtained categorical residency spots following their 1 year of training, feedback from this survey using 25 years of experience suggests that we can and should do more to mentor, support, and assist these residents.

15.
Heart Lung ; 49(1): 58-59, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477245

RESUMO

Left ventricular assist devices (LVAD) are used to support advanced heart failure patients who have failed optimal medical management, meet LVAD criteria, and are deemed to be appropriate surgical candidates. LVAD patients are further advised on symptoms that should prompt notification to the implanting center and are encouraged to contact their LVAD team with device questions and concerns due to morbidity risks unique to this patient population. Mechanical disruption of internal LVAD components is rare and typically requires hospitalization and potentially surgical intervention. External trauma to the LVAD resulting in driveline fracture, torn LVAD outflow grafts, pump displacement, and a kinked inlet cannula have been described.1 Because these occurrences are rare and often unexpected, identification of the root cause may not always be readily apparent. We describe a previously unreported presentation of a patient supported with an LVAD for more than 4 years who was found to have a broken and dislodged LVAD outflow cuff floating in an abdominal hematoma without pump failure.

16.
Circ Heart Fail ; 12(12): e005929, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826642

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is increasingly used in acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, there are limited large-scale national data. METHODS: Using the National Inpatient Sample database from 2000 to 2014, a retrospective cohort of AMI utilizing ECMO was identified. Use of percutaneous coronary intervention, intra-aortic balloon pump, and percutaneous left ventricular assist device (LVAD) was also identified in this population. Outcomes of interest included temporal trends in utilization of ECMO alone and with concomitant procedures (percutaneous coronary intervention, intra-aortic balloon pump, and percutaneous LVAD), in-hospital mortality, and resource utilization. RESULTS: In ≈9 million AMI admissions, ECMO was used in 2962 (<0.01%) and implanted a median of 1 day after admission. ECMO was used in 0.5% and 0.3% AMI admissions complicated by cardiogenic shock and cardiac arrest, respectively. ECMO was used more commonly in admissions that were younger, nonwhite, and with less comorbidity. ECMO use was 11× higher in 2014 as compared with 2000 (odds ratio, 11.37 [95% CI, 7.20-17.97]). Same-day percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 23.1%; intra-aortic balloon pump/percutaneous LVAD was used in 57.9%, of which 30.3% were placed concomitantly. In-hospital mortality with ECMO was 59.2% overall but decreased from 100% (2000) to 45.1% (2014). Durable LVAD and cardiac transplantation were performed in 11.7% as an exit strategy. Of the hospital survivors, 40.8% were discharged to skilled nursing facilities. Older age, male sex, nonwhite race, and lower socioeconomic status were independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality with ECMO use. CONCLUSIONS: In AMI admissions, a steady increase was noted in the utilization of ECMO alone and with concomitant procedures (percutaneous coronary intervention, intra-aortic balloon pump, and percutaneous LVAD). In-hospital mortality remained high in AMI admissions treated with ECMO.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31757461

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding the extent of aortic resection necessary in patients with aortopathy related to bicuspid aortic valve disease. To address this issue, we reviewed our experience in patients undergoing ascending aorta replacement during bicuspid aortic valve replacement. METHODS: We reviewed 702 patients who underwent ascending aorta replacement at the time of initial nonemergent native bicuspid aortic valve replacement at our institution between January 2000 and June 2017. Treatment cohorts included an open hemiarch replacement group (n = 225; 32%) and a clamped ascending aorta replacement group (n = 477; 68%). RESULTS: Median patient age was 60 years (interquartile range [IQR], 51-67 years), female sex was present in 113 patients 16%, ejection fraction was 62% (IQR, 56%-66%), and aortic arch diameter was 33 mm (IQR, 29-36 mm). Cardiopulmonary bypass time was longer in the hemiarch replacement group (188 minutes vs 97 minutes; P < .001). Procedure-related complications (36%) and mortality (<1%) were similar in the 2 groups; however, the hemiarch group had an increased odds of blood transfusion (odds ratio, 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15-2.28; P = .006). The median duration of follow-up was 6.0 years (95% CI, 5.3-6.8 years). Overall survival was 94 ± 1% at 5 years and 80 ± 2% at 10 years. Multivariable analysis demonstrated similar survival in the 2 groups (hazard ratio, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.51-1.33; P = .439). No repeat aortic arch operations were done for aortopathy over the duration of clinical follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with patients in the clamped ascending aorta replacement group, patients in the hemi-arch replacement group had longer cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamp times, along with an increased risk of blood transfusion, but similar freedom from repeat aortic arch operation and survival. We identified no advantage of performing hemiarch replacement in the absence of aortic arch dilation.

18.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 8(22): e013108, 2019 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701791

RESUMO

Background The presence of a durable left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is associated with increased risk of vasoplegia in the early postoperative period following heart transplantation (HT). However, preoperative predictors of vasoplegia and its impact on survival after HT are unknown. We sought to examine predictors and outcomes of patients who develop vasoplegia after HT following bridging therapy with an LVAD. Methods and Results We identified 94 patients who underwent HT after bridging with continuous-flow LVAD from 2008 to 2018 at a single institution. Vasoplegia was defined as persistent low vascular resistance requiring ≥2 intravenous vasopressors within 48 hours after HT for >24 hours to maintain mean arterial pressure >70 mm Hg. Overall, 44 patients (46.8%) developed vasoplegia after HT. Patients with and without vasoplegia had similar preoperative LVAD, echocardiographic, and hemodynamic parameters. Patients with vasoplegia were significantly older; had longer LVAD support, higher preoperative creatinine, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, and higher Charlson comorbidity index; and more often underwent combined organ transplantation. In a multivariate logistic regression model, older age (odds ratio: 1.08 per year; P=0.010), longer LVAD support (odds ratio: 1.06 per month; P=0.007), higher creatinine (odds ratio: 3.9 per 1 mg/dL; P=0.039), and longer cardiopulmonary bypass time (odds ratio: 1.83 per hour; P=0.044) were independent predictors of vasoplegia. After mean follow-up of 4.0 years after HT, vasoplegia was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 5.20; 95% CI, 1.71-19.28; P=0.003). Conclusions Older age, longer LVAD support, impaired renal function, and prolonged intraoperative CPB time are independent predictors of vasoplegia in patients undergoing HT after LVAD bridging. Vasoplegia is associated with worse prognosis; therefore, detailed assessment of these predictors can be clinically important.

19.
Mod Pathol ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723241

RESUMO

Histomorphologic parameters of atrial appendages removed during the Cox-Maze procedure have been shown to correlate with recurrence of atrial fibrillation. While amyloid deposition has been noted within atrial appendages, the incidence and significance remains incompletely understood. More accurate amyloid typing methodologies and targeted pharmacotherapeutics have recently been developed, prompting pathologists to provide more detailed information about the type of amyloid identified in such samples. This study sought to fully characterize the morphologic characteristics of atrial amyloid as well as its incidence and clinical significance. Tissue archives were queried for atrial appendages removed during the cardiac surgeries (2010-2014). Patient demographics, imaging features, and salient clinical findings were recorded. Pattern and extent of amyloid deposition were recorded. Typing of the amyloid protein, when present, was performed on a subset of cases by laser capture microdissection with mass spectrometry-based proteomic analysis. A total of 383 atrial appendages from 345 consecutive patients were included in the study (mean age, 69 years; range, 26-92 years). Amyloid was present in 46% of patients. A linear relationship was observed between age and presence of atrial amyloidosis. Women were more likely to have atrial amyloidosis. Two distinct morphologies of amyloid were observed: filamentous and nonfilamentous, and correlated perfectly with amyloid type (filamentous = AANF-type amyloid; nonfilamentous = ATTR-type amyloid). Filamentous deposits were observed in 91% of those with amyloid. Amyloid was more likely to be found in the left atrial appendage than the right. Patients with atrial amyloid, irrespective of type, were more likely to have experienced stroke or TIA and more likely to have atrial arrhythmia preoperatively. Postoperatively, those with atrial amyloid are more likely to experience recurrence of arrhythmia than those who did not have atrial amyloid. Understanding the morphologic characteristics of AANF-type amyloid will allow for identification by the light microscopy and obviates the need for expensive ancillary typing techniques. The finding of nonfilamentous amyloid, should still prompt confirmation of amyloid type so that targeted therapy may be employed.

20.
ASAIO J ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609796

RESUMO

Antithrombotic optimization with a glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor has been used for the treatment of suspected pump thrombosis, but available literature with tirofiban is lacking. This study aims to describe the use of tirofiban for suspected pump thrombosis. This was a single-center cohort study of left ventricular assist device patients who received tirofiban for the treatment of suspected pump thrombosis from January 1, 2016 to July 31, 2017. Tirofiban was initiated at 0.1 µg/kg/min in patients with normal renal function and subsequent dose adjustments for altered renal function or history of bleeding was employed. Success was defined as resolution of lactate dehydrogenase back to patients' known baseline. Fourteen patients were included for 16 total instances of tirofiban use during the time period. Tirofiban was continued for a median of 5 days (range: 0.3-35 days). Successful treatment was achieved in 12 of the 16 tirofiban uses (75%). Seven bleeding events occurred while on therapy, two major and five minor. This study showed a majority of patients achieved success with tirofiban for suspected pump thrombosis. For patients who are not current candidates for pump exchange or transplant, tirofiban may be considered a therapeutic medical management option.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA