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1.
Stem Cell Reports ; 14(2): 175-183, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32004494

RESUMO

Mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) grown in serum-supplemented conditions are characterized by an extremely short G1 phase due to the lack of G1-phase control. Concordantly, the G1-phase-specific P53-P21 pathway is compromised in serum ESCs. Here, we provide evidence that P53 is activated upon transition of serum ESCs to their pluripotent ground state using serum-free 2i conditions and that is required for the elongated G1 phase characteristic of ground state ESCs. RNA sequencing and chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing analyses reveal that P53 directly regulates the expression of the retinoblastoma (RB) protein and that the hypo-phosphorylated, active RB protein plays a key role in G1-phase control. Our findings suggest that the P53-P21 pathway is active in ground state 2i ESCs and that its role in the G1-checkpoint is abolished in serum ESCs. Taken together, the data reveal a mechanism by which inactivation of P53 can lead to loss of RB and uncontrolled cell proliferation.

2.
Nat Cell Biol ; 22(1): 97-107, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907411

RESUMO

Diffuse brain infiltration by glioma cells causes detrimental disease progression, but its multicellular coordination is poorly understood. We show here that glioma cells infiltrate the brain collectively as multicellular networks. Contacts between moving glioma cells are adaptive epithelial-like or filamentous junctions stabilized by N-cadherin, ß-catenin and p120-catenin, which undergo kinetic turnover, transmit intercellular calcium transients and mediate directional persistence. Downregulation of p120-catenin compromises cell-cell interaction and communication, disrupts collective networks, and both the cadherin and RhoA binding domains of p120-catenin are required for network formation and migration. Deregulating p120-catenin further prevents diffuse glioma cell infiltration of the mouse brain with marginalized microlesions as the outcome. Transcriptomics analysis has identified p120-catenin as an upstream regulator of neurogenesis and cell cycle pathways and a predictor of poor clinical outcome in glioma patients. Collective glioma networks infiltrating the brain thus depend on adherens junctions dynamics, the targeting of which may offer an unanticipated strategy to halt glioma progression.

3.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(5): 568-578, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036938

RESUMO

The mechanisms underlying enhancer activation and the extent to which enhancer-promoter rewiring contributes to spatiotemporal gene expression are not well understood. Using integrative and time-resolved analyses we show that the extensive transcriptome and epigenome resetting during the conversion between 'serum' and '2i' states of mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) takes place with minimal enhancer-promoter rewiring that becomes more evident in primed-state pluripotency. Instead, differential gene expression is strongly linked to enhancer activation via H3K27ac. Conditional depletion of transcription factors and allele-specific enhancer analysis reveal an essential role for Esrrb in H3K27 acetylation and activation of 2i-specific enhancers. Restoration of a polymorphic ESRRB motif using CRISPR-Cas9 in a hybrid ESC line restores ESRRB binding and enhancer H3K27ac in an allele-specific manner but has no effect on chromatin interactions. Our study shows that enhancer activation in serum- and 2i-ESCs is largely driven by transcription factor binding and epigenetic marking in a hardwired network of chromatin interactions.


Assuntos
Cromatina/genética , Epigênese Genética , Células-Tronco Embrionárias Murinas/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Animais , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos , Histonas/genética , Camundongos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Transcriptoma/genética
4.
Nat Cell Biol ; 21(7): 911-912, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097792

RESUMO

In the version of the article originally published, extra lines were displayed in Fig. 7. Fig. 7a contained a solid black line that extended into panel b, and Fig. 7c contained two extra scale bars on the left. These have been removed from the figure. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.

5.
Cell Death Dis ; 10(5): 338, 2019 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000698

RESUMO

Leukemia is characterized by genetic and epigenetic mutations resulting in selection of cancer cells, which are unable to differentiate. Although genetic alterations are difficult to target, the epigenome is intrinsically dynamic and readily offers new therapeutic strategies. Thus, identifying cancer-specific context-dependent targets and unraveling their biological function may open up new therapeutic perspectives. Here we identify bromodomain-containing protein 9 (BRD9) as a critical target required in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We show that BRD9 is overexpressed in AML cells including ex vivo primary blasts compared with CD34+ cells. By targeting BRD9 expression in AML, we observed an alteration in proliferation and survival, ultimately resulting in the induction of apoptosis. Intriguingly, genome-wide profiling revealed that BRD9 binds enhancer regions in a cell type-specific manner, regulating cell type-related processes. We unveil a novel BRD9-sustained STAT5 pathway activation via regulation of SOCS3 expression levels. Our findings identify a previously undescribed BRD9-STAT5 axis as critical for leukemia maintenance, suggesting BRD9 as a potential therapeutic target.

6.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1749, 2019 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30988298

RESUMO

Global loss of DNA methylation and CpG island (CGI) hypermethylation are key epigenomic aberrations in cancer. Global loss manifests itself in partially methylated domains (PMDs) which extend up to megabases. However, the distribution of PMDs within and between tumor types, and their effects on key functional genomic elements including CGIs are poorly defined. We comprehensively show that loss of methylation in PMDs occurs in a large fraction of the genome and represents the prime source of DNA methylation variation. PMDs are hypervariable in methylation level, size and distribution, and display elevated mutation rates. They impose intermediate DNA methylation levels incognizant of functional genomic elements including CGIs, underpinning a CGI methylator phenotype (CIMP). Repression effects on tumor suppressor genes are negligible as they are generally excluded from PMDs. The genomic distribution of PMDs reports tissue-of-origin and may represent tissue-specific silent regions which tolerate instability at the epigenetic, transcriptomic and genetic level.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Ilhas de CpG , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos
7.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 1469, 2019 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30728416

RESUMO

Environmental stimuli often lead to heterogeneous cellular responses and transcriptional output. We developed single-cell RNA and Immunodetection (RAID) to allow combined analysis of the transcriptome and intracellular (phospho-)proteins from fixed single cells. RAID successfully recapitulated differentiation-state changes at the protein and mRNA level in human keratinocytes. Furthermore, we show that differentiated keratinocytes that retain high phosphorylated FAK levels, a feature associated with stem cells, also express a selection of stem cell associated transcripts. Our data demonstrates that RAID allows investigation of heterogeneous cellular responses to environmental signals at the mRNA and phospho-proteome level.

8.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 2772, 2019 Feb 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30809020

RESUMO

Glucocorticoid receptor is a transcription factor that is ubiquitously expressed. Glucocorticoids are circadian steroids that regulate a wide range of bodily functions, including immunity. Here we report that synthetic glucocorticoids affect 1035 mRNAs in isolated healthy human blood monocytes but only 165 in the respective six day-old monocyte-derived macrophages. The majority of the glucocorticoid response in monocytes concerns genes that are dynamic upon monocyte to macrophage differentiation, whereby macrophage-like mRNA levels are often reached in monocytes within four hours of treatment. Concomitantly, over 5000 chromosomal H3K27ac regions undergo remodelling, of which 60% involve increased H3K27ac signal. We find that chromosomal glucocorticoid receptor binding sites correlate with positive but not with negative local epigenomic effects. To investigate further we assigned our data to topologically associating domains (TADs). This shows that about 10% of macrophage TADs harbour at least one GR binding site and that half of all the glucocorticoid-induced H3K27ac regions are confined to these TADs. Our analyses are therefore consistent with the notion that TADs naturally accommodate information from sets of distal glucocorticoid response elements.

9.
Genome Res ; 29(3): 356-366, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692147

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a class of RNAs that is under increasing scrutiny, although their functional roles are debated. We analyzed RNA-seq data of 348 primary breast cancers and developed a method to identify circRNAs that does not rely on unmapped reads or known splice junctions. We identified 95,843 circRNAs, of which 20,441 were found recurrently. Of the circRNAs that match exon boundaries of the same gene, 668 showed a poor or even negative (R < 0.2) correlation with the expression level of the linear gene. In silico analysis showed only a minority (8.5%) of circRNAs could be explained by known splicing events. Both these observations suggest that specific regulatory processes for circRNAs exist. We confirmed the presence of circRNAs of CNOT2, CREBBP, and RERE in an independent pool of primary breast cancers. We identified circRNA profiles associated with subgroups of breast cancers and with biological and clinical features, such as amount of tumor lymphocytic infiltrate and proliferation index. siRNA-mediated knockdown of circCNOT2 was shown to significantly reduce viability of the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and BT-474, further underlining the biological relevance of circRNAs. Furthermore, we found that circular, and not linear, CNOT2 levels are predictive for progression-free survival time to aromatase inhibitor (AI) therapy in advanced breast cancer patients, and found that circCNOT2 is detectable in cell-free RNA from plasma. We showed that circRNAs are abundantly present, show characteristics of being specifically regulated, are associated with clinical and biological properties, and thus are relevant in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , RNA/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/genética , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Células MCF-7 , RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transcriptoma
10.
Cell Rep ; 26(4): 1059-1069.e6, 2019 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30673601

RESUMO

Global investigation of histone marks in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains limited. Analyses of 38 AML samples through integrated transcriptional and chromatin mark analysis exposes 2 major subtypes. One subtype is dominated by patients with NPM1 mutations or MLL-fusion genes, shows activation of the regulatory pathways involving HOX-family genes as targets, and displays high self-renewal capacity and stemness. The second subtype is enriched for RUNX1 or spliceosome mutations, suggesting potential interplay between the 2 aberrations, and mainly depends on IRF family regulators. Cellular consequences in prognosis predict a relatively worse outcome for the first subtype. Our integrated profiling establishes a rich resource to probe AML subtypes on the basis of expression and chromatin data.

11.
Cell Rep ; 25(12): 3490-3503.e4, 2018 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30566872

RESUMO

Transcription factor p63 is a key regulator of epidermal keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation. Mutations in the p63 DNA-binding domain are associated with ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip/palate (EEC) syndrome. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of these mutations remains unclear. Here, we characterized the transcriptome and epigenome of p63 mutant keratinocytes derived from EEC patients. The transcriptome of p63 mutant keratinocytes deviated from the normal epidermal cell identity. Epigenomic analyses showed an altered enhancer landscape in p63 mutant keratinocytes contributed by loss of p63-bound active enhancers and unexpected gain of enhancers. The gained enhancers were frequently bound by deregulated transcription factors such as RUNX1. Reversing RUNX1 overexpression partially rescued deregulated gene expression and the altered enhancer landscape. Our findings identify a disease mechanism whereby mutant p63 rewires the enhancer landscape and affects epidermal cell identity, consolidating the pivotal role of p63 in controlling the enhancer landscape of epidermal keratinocytes.


Assuntos
Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Células Epidérmicas/citologia , Células Epidérmicas/metabolismo , Mutação/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Ligação Proteica , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/química , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
12.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 15454, 2018 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30337563

RESUMO

Despite the fact that loss of E-cadherin is causal to the development and progression of invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), options to treat this major breast cancer subtype are limited if tumours develop resistance to anti-oestrogen treatment regimens. This study aimed to identify clinically targetable pathways that are aberrantly active downstream of E-cadherin loss in ILC. Using a combination of reverse-phase protein array (RPPA) analyses, mRNA sequencing, conditioned medium growth assays and CRISPR/Cas9-based knock-out experiments, we demonstrate that E-cadherin loss causes increased responsiveness to autocrine growth factor receptor (GFR)-dependent activation of phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signalling. Autocrine activation of GFR signalling and its downstream PI3K/Akt hub was independent of oncogenic mutations in PIK3CA, AKT1 or PTEN. Analyses of human ILC samples confirmed growth factor production and pathway activity. Pharmacological inhibition of Akt using AZD5363 or MK2206 resulted in robust inhibition of cell growth and survival of ILC cells, and impeded tumour growth in a mouse ILC model. Because E-cadherin loss evokes hypersensitisation of PI3K/Akt activation independent of oncogenic mutations in this pathway, we propose clinical intervention of PI3K/Akt in ILC based on functional E-cadherin inactivation, irrespective of activating pathway mutations.


Assuntos
Comunicação Autócrina , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Caderinas/deficiência , Carcinoma Lobular/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/genética , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Feminino , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia
13.
Cell Rep ; 24(10): 2784-2794, 2018 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30184510

RESUMO

Neutrophils are short-lived blood cells that play a critical role in host defense against infections. To better comprehend neutrophil functions and their regulation, we provide a complete epigenetic overview, assessing important functional features of their differentiation stages from bone marrow-residing progenitors to mature circulating cells. Integration of chromatin modifications, methylation, and transcriptome dynamics reveals an enforced regulation of differentiation, for cellular functions such as release of proteases, respiratory burst, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. We observe an early establishment of the cytotoxic capability, while the signaling components that activate these antimicrobial mechanisms are transcribed at later stages, outside the bone marrow, thus preventing toxic effects in the bone marrow niche. Altogether, these data reveal how the developmental dynamics of the chromatin landscape orchestrate the daily production of a large number of neutrophils required for innate host defense and provide a comprehensive overview of differentiating human neutrophils.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Humanos
14.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab ; 103(12): 4617-4627, 2018 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30124873

RESUMO

Context: Inactivating mutations within the AR gene are present in only ~40% of individuals with clinically and hormonally diagnosed androgen insensitivity syndrome (AIS). Previous studies revealed the existence of an AR gene mutation-negative group of patients with AIS who have compromised androgen receptor (AR) function (AIS type II). Objective: To investigate whether AIS type II can be due to epigenetic repression of AR transcription. Design: Quantification of AR mRNA and AR proximal promoter CpG methylation levels in genital skin-derived fibroblasts (GFs) derived from patients with AIS type II and control individuals. Setting: University hospital endocrine research laboratory. Patients: GFs from control individuals (n = 11) and patients with AIS type II (n = 14). Main Outcome Measure(s): Measurement of AR mRNA and AR promoter CpG methylation as well as activity of AR proximal promoter in vitro. Results: Fifty-seven percent of individuals with AIS type II (n = 8) showed a reduced AR mRNA expression in their GFs. A significant inverse correlation was shown between AR mRNA abundance and methylation at two consecutive CpGs within the proximal AR promoter. Methylation of a 158-bp-long region containing these CpGs was sufficient to severely reduce reporter gene expression. This region was bound by the runt related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1). Ectopic expression of RUNX1 in HEK293T cells was able to inhibit reporter gene expression through this region. Conclusions: Aberrant CpGs methylation within the proximal AR promoter plays an important role in the control of AR gene expression and may result in AIS type II. We suggest that transcriptional modifiers, such as RUNX1, could play roles therein offering new perspectives for understanding androgen-mediated endocrine diseases.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Resistência a Andrógenos/genética , Metilação de DNA , Repressão Epigenética , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Adolescente , Biópsia , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Genitália Masculina , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação , Cultura Primária de Células , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Pele/citologia , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia
15.
Front Immunol ; 9: 1420, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29988341

RESUMO

Dendritic cell (DC)-based immunotherapy makes use of the DC's ability to direct the adaptive immune response toward activation or inhibition. DCs perform this immune orchestration in part by secretion of selected cytokines. The most potent anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) is under tight regulation, as it needs to be predominantly expressed during the resolution phase of the immune response. Currently it is not clear whether there is active suppression of IL-10 by DCs at the initial pro-inflammatory stage of the immune response. Previously, knockdown of the DC-specific transcription factor DC-SCRIPT has been demonstrated to mediate an extensive increase in IL-10 production upon encounter with pro-inflammatory immune stimuli. Here, we explored how DC-SCRIPT contributes to IL-10 suppression under pro-inflammatory conditions by applying chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing analysis of DC-SCRIPT and the epigenetic marks H3K4me3 and H3K27ac in human DCs. The data showed binding of DC-SCRIPT to a GA-rich motif at H3K27ac-marked genomic enhancers that associated with genes encoding MAPK dual-specificity phosphatases (DUSPs). Functional studies revealed that upon knockdown of DC-SCRIPT, human DCs express much less DUSP4 and exhibit increased phosphorylation of the three major MAPKs (ERK, JNK, and p38). Enhanced ERK signaling in DC-SCRIPT-knockdown-DCs led to higher production of IL-10, which was reverted by rescuing DUSP4 expression. Finally, DC-SCRIPT-knockdown-DCs induced less IFN-γ and increased IL-10 production in naïve T cells, indicative for a more anti-inflammatory phenotype. In conclusion, we have delineated a new mechanism by which DC-SCRIPT allows DCs to limit IL-10 production under inflammatory conditions and potentiate pro-inflammatory Th1 responses. These insights may be exploited to improve DC-based immunotherapies.

16.
Biol Open ; 7(8)2018 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026265

RESUMO

During early mammalian development, transient pools of pluripotent cells emerge that can be immortalised upon stem cell derivation. The pluripotent state, 'naïve' or 'primed', depends on the embryonic stage and derivation conditions used. Here we analyse the temporal gene expression patterns of mouse, cattle and porcine embryos at stages that harbour different types of pluripotent cells. We document conserved and divergent traits in gene expression, and identify predictor genes shared across the species that are associated with pluripotent states in vivo and in vitro Amongst these are the pluripotency-linked genes Klf4 and Lin28b The novel genes discovered include naïve- (Spic, Scpep1 and Gjb5) and primed-associated (Sema6a and Jakmip2) genes as well as naïve to primed transition genes (Dusp6 and Trip6). Both Gjb5 and Dusp6 play a role in pluripotency since their knockdown results in differentiation and downregulation of key pluripotency genes. Our interspecies comparison revealed new insights of pluripotency, pluripotent stem cell identity and a new molecular criterion for distinguishing between pluripotent states in various species, including human.

17.
Oncotarget ; 9(39): 25630-25646, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876013

RESUMO

Epigenetic alterations have been associated with both pathogenesis and progression of cancer. By screening of library compounds, we identified a novel hybrid epi-drug MC2884, a HAT/EZH2 inhibitor, able to induce bona fide cancer-selective cell death in both solid and hematological cancers in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo xenograft models. Anticancer action was due to an epigenome modulation by H3K27me3, H3K27ac, H3K9/14ac decrease, and to caspase-dependent apoptosis induction. MC2884 triggered mitochondrial pathway apoptosis by up-regulation of cleaved-BID, and strong down-regulation of BCL2. Even aggressive models of cancer, such as p53-/- or TET2-/- cells, responded to MC2884, suggesting MC2884 therapeutic potential also for the therapy of TP53 or TET2-deficient human cancers. MC2884 induced massive apoptosis in ex vivo human primary leukemia blasts with poor prognosis in vivo, by targeting BCL2 expression. MC2884-treatment reduced acetylation of the BCL2 promoter at higher level than combined p300 and EZH2 inhibition. This suggests a key role for BCL-2 reduction in potentiating responsiveness, also in combination therapy with BCL2 inhibitors. Finally, we identified both the mechanism of MC2884 action as well as a potential therapeutic scheme of its use. Altogether, this provides proof of concept for the use of epi-drugs coupled with epigenome analyses to 'personalize' precision medicine.

18.
Oncotarget ; 9(39): 25647-25660, 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29876014

RESUMO

Epigenomic alterations have been associated with both pathogenesis and progression of cancer. Here, we analyzed the epigenome of two high-risk APL (hrAPL) patients and compared it to non-high-risk APL cases. Despite the lack of common genetic signatures, we found that human hrAPL blasts from patients with extremely poor prognosis display specific patterns of histone H3 acetylation, specifically hyperacetylation at a common set of enhancer regions. In addition, unique profiles of the repressive marks H3K27me3 and DNA methylation were exposed in high-risk APLs. Epigenetic comparison with low/intermediate-risk APLs and AMLs revealed hrAPL-specific patterns of histone acetylation and DNA methylation, suggesting these could be further developed into markers for clinical identification. The epigenetic drug MC2884, a newly generated general HAT/EZH2 inhibitor, induces apoptosis of high-risk APL blasts and reshapes their epigenomes by targeting both active and repressive marks. Together, our analysis uncovers distinctive epigenome signatures of hrAPL patients, and provides proof of concept for use of epigenome profiling coupled to epigenetic drugs to 'personalize' precision medicine.

19.
Nat Commun ; 9(1): 2384, 2018 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29921844

RESUMO

Cell-based small molecule screening is an effective strategy leading to new medicines. Scientists in the pharmaceutical industry as well as in academia have made tremendous progress in developing both large-scale and smaller-scale screening assays. However, an accessible and universal technology for measuring large numbers of molecular and cellular phenotypes in many samples in parallel is not available. Here we present the immuno-detection by sequencing (ID-seq) technology that combines antibody-based protein detection and DNA-sequencing via DNA-tagged antibodies. We use ID-seq to simultaneously measure 70 (phospho-)proteins in primary human epidermal stem cells to screen the effects of ~300 kinase inhibitor probes to characterise the role of 225 kinases. The results show an association between decreased mTOR signalling and increased differentiation and uncover 13 kinases potentially regulating epidermal renewal through distinct mechanisms. Taken together, our work establishes ID-seq as a flexible solution for large-scale high-dimensional phenotyping in fixed cell populations.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/metabolismo , Imunoensaio/métodos , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Anticorpos/imunologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Células Cultivadas , Células Epidérmicas/citologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Queratinócitos/citologia , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Proteoma/genética , Proteoma/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
20.
Nat Med ; 24(6): 868-880, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29785028

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a frequent hematological neoplasm in which underlying epigenetic alterations are only partially understood. Here, we analyze the reference epigenome of seven primary CLLs and the regulatory chromatin landscape of 107 primary cases in the context of normal B cell differentiation. We identify that the CLL chromatin landscape is largely influenced by distinct dynamics during normal B cell maturation. Beyond this, we define extensive catalogues of regulatory elements de novo reprogrammed in CLL as a whole and in its major clinico-biological subtypes classified by IGHV somatic hypermutation levels. We uncover that IGHV-unmutated CLLs harbor more active and open chromatin than IGHV-mutated cases. Furthermore, we show that de novo active regions in CLL are enriched for NFAT, FOX and TCF/LEF transcription factor family binding sites. Although most genetic alterations are not associated with consistent epigenetic profiles, CLLs with MYD88 mutations and trisomy 12 show distinct chromatin configurations. Furthermore, we observe that non-coding mutations in IGHV-mutated CLLs are enriched in H3K27ac-associated regulatory elements outside accessible chromatin. Overall, this study provides an integrative portrait of the CLL epigenome, identifies extensive networks of altered regulatory elements and sheds light on the relationship between the genetic and epigenetic architecture of the disease.


Assuntos
Cromatina/metabolismo , Epigenômica , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/genética , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos
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