Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 174
Filtrar
1.
Lancet Oncol ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811813

RESUMO

Paediatric patients with cancer and those undergoing allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation have an increased susceptibility to invasive fungal diseases. In addition to differences in underlying conditions and comorbidities relative to adults, invasive fungal diseases in infants, children, and adolescents are unique in terms of their epidemiology, the validity of current diagnostic methods, the pharmacology and dosing of antifungal agents, and the absence of phase 3 clinical trials to provide data to guide evidence-based interventions. To re-examine the state of knowledge and to further improve invasive fungal disease diagnosis, prevention, and management, the 8th European Conference on Infections in Leukaemia (ECIL-8) reconvened a Paediatric Group to review the literature and to formulate updated recommendations according to the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) and European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) grading system, which are summarised in this Review.

2.
Lancet Oncol ; 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811814

RESUMO

Paediatric patients with cancer and those undergoing haematopoietic cell transplantation are at high risk of bacterial infections. The 8th European Conference on Infections in Leukaemia (ECIL-8) convened a Paediatric Group to review the literature and to formulate recommendations for the use of antibiotics according to the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases grading system. The evaluation of antibacterial prophylaxis included mortality, bloodstream infection, febrile neutropenia, emergence of resistance, and adverse effects as endpoints. Initial antibacterial therapy and antibiotic de-escalation or discontinuation focused on patients with a clinically stable condition and without previous infection or colonisation by resistant bacteria, and on patients with a clinically unstable condition or with previous infection or colonisation by resistant bacteria. The final considerations and recommendations of the ECIL-8 Paediatric Group on antibacterial prophylaxis, initial therapy, and de-escalation strategies are summarised in this Policy Review.

3.
Ann Hematol ; 100(5): 1283-1293, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33661334

RESUMO

BK virus is one of the most common causes of hemorrhagic cystitis (HC) in children undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Viruses can be found in urine and serum samples of immunocompromised patients. Malignant diseases, age, cell source, day of granulocyte reconstitution, conditioning regimen, or use of total body irradiation may play an important role in BKV epidemiology, development of hemorrhagic cystitis course, and outcome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, clinical course, and risk factors for BKV-HC in children undergoing HCT. A total number of 133 patients who were prospectively tested for BKV colonization/infection were enrolled into this multicenter analysis. Episodes of BKV-HC occurred in 36/133 (27%) enrolled subjects. In a univariate analysis for BKV-HC incidence, the following factors were significant: age >5 years, peripheral blood transplantation, matched unrelated donor (MUD) transplantation, busulfan-cyclophosphamide-melphalan conditioning regimen, and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) diagnosis. Presence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in liver and gut GVHD was a significant risk factor of BKV-HC. No BKV-attributed deaths were reported. In multivariate analysis, the incidence of HC was significantly higher in patients with AML, age >5 years, MUD transplants, and children with GVHD. HC is a frequent complication after HCT among children causes prolonged hospitalization but rarely contributes to death. We identified risk factors of BKV-HC development in children, with focus on aGVHD: we concluded that excessive immune reaction connected with GVHD and immunosuppression drugs might play a pivotal role in the development of BKV-HC.


Assuntos
Vírus BK/isolamento & purificação , Cistite/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Polyomavirus/etiologia , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/etiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Cistite/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Infecções por Polyomavirus/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Infecções Tumorais por Vírus/terapia
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514919

RESUMO

We assessed the incidence and outcome of early candidemia after hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT). The analysis included all first HSCTs performed from 2000 to 2015 in adult and pediatric patients with a non-leukemic disease and recorded in the EBMT registry. Overall survival (OS), non-relapse mortality (NRM), and relapse mortality (RM) were evaluated. Candidemia was diagnosed in 420 of 49,852 patients at a median time of 17 days post HSCT (range 0-100), the cumulative incidence being 0.85%. In 65.5% of episodes, candidemia occurred by day 30 after HSCT. The mortality rate by day 7 was 6.2%, whereas 100-day NRM was higher (HR 3.47, p < 0.0001), and 100-day OS was lower (HR 3.22, p < 0.0001) than that of patients without candidemia. After a median follow-up of 4.3 years, 5-year OS, NRM, and RM for patients with and without candidemia were 50.5% vs. 60.8%, p < 0.0001, 28.2% vs.18.8%, p < 0.0001, and 25.3% vs. 27.2%, p = 0.4, respectively. In conclusion, in non-leukemic transplant patients, the occurrence of an early episode of candidemia is rare but it is still associated with a negative effect on the outcome.

5.
Ann Hematol ; 100(3): 763-777, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491135

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) is a potentially curative therapeutic strategy that showed encouraging long-term outcomes in hematological diseases. A number of factors can influence post-transplant clinical outcomes. While Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) constitutes a trigger for development of various adverse conditions, no clinical study yet has been powered to assess the effect of EBV serostatus on the clinical outcomes in allo-HCT population. To systematically summarize and analyze the impact of donor and recipient EBV serostatus on transplant outcomes in allo-HCT recipients, meta-analyses were conducted. Selected endpoints were overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), relapse incidence (RI), non-relapse mortality (NRM), acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD), and de novo cGVHD. Three studies with 26,650 patients, transplanted for acute leukemias, lymphomas, chronic hematological malignancies, or non-malignant hematological diseases were included in the meta-analysis. In the whole population, with a total of 53,300 donors and recipients, the rate of EBV seropositivity was 85.1%, including 86.6% and 83.6% among transplant recipients and healthy donors, respectively. Donor EBV seropositivity increased the risk of cGVHD by 17%, de novo cGVHD by 14%, and aGHVD by 5%. Recipient EBV seropositivity increased the risk of cGVHD by 12%, de novo cGVHD by 17%; increased NRM by 11%, increased RI by 11%, decreased OS by 14%, and decreased RFS by 11%. In performed meta-analyses, donor and recipient EBV seropositivity was found to have a significant impact on transplant outcomes in patients after allo-HCT.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doadores de Tecidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplantados/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/diagnóstico , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
In Vivo ; 35(1): 585-591, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The objective of the study was analysis of risk factors associated with outcome of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants in a single-center study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All consecutive infants hospitalized for NEC over a period of 6 years were retrospectively analyzed for clinical course, infections, treatment and outcome. RESULTS: Out of 76 patients, surgical management was applied in 56 (53 exploratory laparotomy, three initial peritoneal drain placement) and in 20 there was only a conservative approach. Segmental intestinal resection was performed in 41 patients. Survival from NEC in our cohort was 79%. We found that independent adverse risk factors of outcome of newborns and infants with NEC were gut perforation, infection, abdominal wall erythema, and development of acute kidney injury. CONCLUSION: We underline the value of both surgical and conservative approach with careful management in this cohort of patients.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33514921

RESUMO

Infections are frequently experienced complications for patients undergoing haematopoietic cell transplant (HCT). To assess current infection prevention strategies, an international survey among HCT nurses was conducted by the Nurses Group and IDWP of the EBMT. Nurse representatives from all EBMT transplant centres were invited to complete an online questionnaire on protective environment in adult and paediatric HCT units. A total of 141 complete questionnaires were returned for the isolation section and 26 for the paediatric section, the majority of respondents (89.4%) being nurses. A small number of centres (7.1%) reported not allowing visitors, the rest have rules for entering patient rooms. Most HCT units (99.3%) indicated that nurses play a critical role in infection prevention and measures differed between bacterial infections and viral infections. Many of the paediatric units (57.7%) had a play area, applying rules of entry. To our knowledge, this is the first survey on protective environment directed at nurses within HCT centres. Despite having different practices, most HCT units tend to decrease isolation procedures and the use of PPE for multi-drug resistant organisms. This must concur with an increase of hand hygiene compliance, for which our data show that there is still room for improvement.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 40(12): 7095-7100, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor with high antitumor activity in selected neoplasms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of nivolumab in pediatric patients with various types of highly malignant advanced tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with a median age of 15.1 years were included in the study. The indications for treatment were: malignant skin melanoma (n=5), brain tumor (n=2), malignant melanoma of the brain (n=1), Hodgkin lymphoma (n=1) and soft tissue sarcoma (n=1). RESULTS: Complete disease remission was observed in 4 patients. Overall survival at 24 months from diagnosis for the entire group was 0.36. Two patients receiving combination therapy of nivolumab and ipilimumab did not achieve a remission. Adverse events of immunotherapy were observed in 4/10 patients. CONCLUSION: Nivolumab is a promising option in pediatric advanced malignancies. Treatment with immunotherapy was relatively well tolerated, and emerging side-effects were manageable.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288863

RESUMO

Letermovir (LMV) is licensed for prophylaxis of CMV infection in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant adult CMV-seropositive patients. Due to its favorable safety profile, LMV brings potential for use in other clinical situations, outside the approved indication. The objective of the study was to analyze the efficacy and safety of the use of LMV in off-label indications in EBMT centers. A total of 49 patients were reported including 44 adults and 5 children. LMV was administered for: secondary prophylaxis (37 adults, 3 children), primary prophylaxis (2 children), pre-emptive treatment (5 adults), and therapy of CMV disease (2 adults; pneumonia, colitis). Cyclosporine was concomitantly used in 26 patients. Overall, LMV was used for a median 112 days (range: 10-473). Cumulative incidence of breakthrough infections during secondary prophylaxis was 10.1% (95% CI = 3.1-21.9). Prophylactic treatment with LMV resulted in 94.9% (95% CI = 81.0-98.7), and 81.9% (95% CI = 65.7-90.9) probability of, respectively, 60 and 120-day survival without CMV infection in patients receiving secondary prophylaxis. During therapy of CMV infection/disease, probability of 60 and 120-day overall survival was 100% and 71.4% (95% CI = 25.8-92.0), respectively. No breakthrough infection occurred in children on LMV prophylaxis. Adverse events were reported in 15/49 (30.4%) patients: the most common being nausea/vomiting (22.4%). In conclusion, the efficacy of the use of LMV as secondary prophylaxis was high, and the preliminary experience with the use of LMV for the treatment of patients with refractory CMV infection/disease was positive. Our data showed that higher dose or prolonged therapy did not result in increased rate of adverse events.

10.
Blood Adv ; 4(24): 6283-6290, 2020 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351121

RESUMO

We performed a study to find out how advances in modern medicine have improved the mortality risk of allogeneic stem cell transplantation. We analyzed major transplantation outcome parameters in adult patients on the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry who had hematologic malignancies and had received transplants from matched sibling donors. We performed multivariate analyses using the Cox proportional-hazards model including known risk factors for nonrelapse mortality and a matched-pairs analysis. We identified 38 800 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Considerable changes in patient characteristics have occurred in the past decades, such as older age, different underlying diseases, and a higher proportion of patients with advanced disease. Major reasons for transplantation-related death in the 1980s were infectious complications and graft-versus-host disease. Nonrelapse mortality, measured at 1 year after transplantation, has decreased over time: 29.7% from 1980 through 1989, 24.4% from 1990 through 1999, 14.8% from 2000 through 2009, and 12.2% from 2010 through 2016. On multivariate analysis, the year of transplantation was associated with reduced nonrelapse mortality (P < .0001; hazard ratio [HR] [95% confidence interval (CI)], 0.8 [0.79-0.82], for 5-year intervals) and decreased overall mortality (P < .0001; HR [95% CI], 0.87 [0.86-0.88]. In the matched-pairs analysis of 3718 patients in each group, nonrelapse mortality at 1 year was 24.4% in the 1990s and 9.5% from 2013 through 2016 (P < .0001; HR [95% CI], 0.39 [0.34-0.43]). Transplantation-related mortality has decreased significantly in the past 40 years. These favorable data facilitate evidence-based treatment decisions on transplantation indications in the context of the availability of novel immunotherapies.

11.
J Infect ; 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33186673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We present here data on Gram-negative rods bacteremia (GNRB) rates, risk factors and associated mortality. METHODS: Data on GNRB episodes were prospectively collected in 65 allo-/67 auto-HSCT centers in 24 countries (Europe, Asia, Australia). In patients with and without GNRB, we compared: demography, underlying disease, HSCT-related data, center` fluoroquinolone prophylaxis (FQP) policy and accreditation status, and involvement of infection control team (ICT). RESULTS: The GNRB cumulative incidence among 2818 allo-HSCT was: pre-engraftment (pre-eng-allo-HSCT), 8.4 (95% CI 7-9%), post-engraftment (post-eng-allo-HSCT), 5.8% (95%CI: 5-7%); among 3152 auto-HSCT, pre-eng-auto-HSCT, 6.6% (95%CI: 6-7%), post-eng-auto-HSCT, 0.7% (95%CI: 0.4-1.1%). GNRB, especially MDR, was associated with increased mortality. Multivariate analysis revealed the following GNRB risk factors: (a) pre-eng-allo-HSCT: south-eastern Europe center location, underlying diseases not at complete remission, and cord blood source; (b) post-eng-allo-HSCT: center location not in northwestern Europe; underlying non-malignant disease, not providing FQP and never accredited. (c) pre-eng-auto-HSCT: older age, autoimmune and malignant (vs. plasma cell) disease, and ICT absence. CONCLUSIONS: Benefit of FQP should be explored in prospective studies. Increased GNRB risk in auto-HSCT patients transplanted for autoimmune diseases is worrying. Infection control and being accredited are possibly protective against bacteremia. GNRB are associated with increased mortality.

12.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082212

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) is a DNA repair disorder with a high predisposition to hematologic malignancies. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We describe the natural history of NBS, including cancer incidence, risk of death, and the potential effectiveness of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in preventing both pathologies: malignancy and immunodeficiency. RESULTS: Among 241 patients with NBS enrolled in the study from 11 countries, 151 (63.0%) patients were diagnosed with cancer. Incidence rates for primary and secondary cancer, tumor characteristics, and risk factors affecting overall survival (OS) were estimated. The cumulative cancer incidence was 40.21% ± 3.5% and 77.78% ± 3.4% at 10 years and 20 years of follow-up, respectively. Most of the tumors n = 95 (62.9%) were non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Overall, 20 (13.2%) secondary malignancies occurred at a median age of 18 (interquartile range, 13.7-21.5) years. The probability of 20-year overall survival (OS) for the whole cohort was 44.6% ± 4.5%. Patients who developed cancer had a shorter 20-year OS than those without malignancy (29.6% vs. 86.2%; P < 10-5). A total of 49 patients with NBS underwent HSCT, including 14 patients transplanted before malignancy. Patients with NBS with diagnosed cancer who received HSCT had higher 20-year OS than those who did not (42.7% vs. 30.3%; P = 0.038, respectively). In the group of patients who underwent preemptive transplantation, only 1 patient developed cancer, which is 6.7 times lower as compared with nontransplanted patients [incidence rate ratio 0.149 (95% confidence interval, 0.138-0.162); P < 0.0001]. CONCLUSIONS: There is a beneficial effect of HSCT on the long-term survival of patients with NBS transplanted in their first complete remission of cancer.

13.
Anticancer Res ; 40(11): 6531-6537, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis (OM) is considered to be one of the worst and most debilitating complications of conditioning for hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Prevention and treatment of this complication is one of the utmost priorities of supportive therapy during transplant procedure. The objective of this study was the analysis of the influence of palifermin, keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), on transplant outcomes in patients undergoing allo-HCT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 253 allo-HCTs performed between 2003-2018 in patients aged 0-19 years at a single center were analyzed. KGF was administered in 161 HCTs. Uni- and multivariate risk factor analyses were performed. RESULTS: In spite of reducing the duration and grade of mucositis, no prognostic impact of KGF was shown for overall survival, event-free survival, relapse incidence, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), nor GVHD-free relapse-free survival. CONCLUSION: Palifermin had no impact on transplant outcomes in children and adolescents undergoing allo-HCT.


Assuntos
Fator 7 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/administração & dosagem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Estomatite/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estomatite/complicações , Estomatite/patologia , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745466

RESUMO

Numerous studies have been published regarding outcomes of cancer patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. However, most of these are single-center studies with a limited number of patients. To better assess the outcomes of this new infection in this subgroup of susceptible patients, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 infection on cancer patients. We performed a literature search using PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for studies that reported the risk of infection and complications of COVID-19 in cancer patients and retrieved 22 studies (1018 cancer patients). The analysis showed that the frequency of cancer among patients with confirmed COVID-19 was 2.1% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3-3) in the overall cohort. These patients had a mortality of 21.1% (95% CI: 14.7-27.6), severe/critical disease rate of 45.4% (95% CI: 37.4-53.3), intensive care unit (ICU) admission rate of 14.5% (95% CI: 8.5-20.4), and mechanical ventilation rate of 11.7% (95% CI: 5.5-18). The double-arm analysis showed that cancer patients had a higher risk of mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 3.23, 95% CI: 1.71-6.13), severe/critical disease (OR = 3.91, 95% CI: 2.70-5.67), ICU admission (OR = 3.10, 95% CI: 1.85-5.17), and mechanical ventilation (OR = 4.86, 95% CI: 1.27-18.65) than non-cancer patients. Furthermore, cancer patients had significantly lower platelet levels and higher D-dimer levels, C-reactive protein levels, and prothrombin time. In conclusion, these results indicate that cancer patients are at a higher risk of COVID-19 infection-related complications. Therefore, cancer patients need diligent preventive care measures and aggressive surveillance for earlier detection of COVID-19 infection.

15.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about characteristics of seasonal human coronavirus (HCoV) (NL63, 229E, OC43 and HKU1) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a collaborative Spanish and European bone marrow transplantation groups retrospective multicentre study, which included allo-HCT recipients (adults and children) with upper and/or lower respiratory tract disease (U/LRTD) caused by seasonal HCoV diagnosed through multiplex PCR assays from January 2012 to January 2019. RESULTS: We included 402 allo-HCT recipients who developed 449 HCoV U/LRTD episodes. Median age of recipients was 46 years (range 0.3-73.8 years). HCoV episodes were diagnosed at a median of 222 days after transplantation. The most common HCoV subtype was OC43 (n=170, 38%). LRTD involvement occurred in 121 episodes (27%). HCoV infection frequently required hospitalization (18%), oxygen administration (13%) and intensive care unit (ICU) admission (3%). Three-month overall mortality after HCoV detection was 7% in the whole cohort and 16% in those with LRTD. We identified 3 conditions associated with higher mortality in recipients with LRTD: absolute lymphocyte count <0.1 x10 9/mL [hazard ratio (HR), 10.8], corticosteroid (HR 4.68) and ICU admission (HR 8.22) (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal HCoV after allo-HCT may involve the LRTD in many instances, leading to a significant morbidity.

17.
J Infect ; 81(3): 372-382, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526327

RESUMO

In hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) patients, BK polyomavirus (BKPyV) infection results in significant morbidity mainly due to hemorrhagic cystitis (HC). Despite increased knowledge acquired over recent decades, no treatment has shown effectiveness in the management of organ damage in HCT allografts. This review summarizes the current knowledge on BKPyV, from the virus constitution to the pathophysiology and immune-related mechanisms. We next focus on BKPyV-induced HC in HCT to discuss the benefit of monitoring BKPyV viruria and viremia in the management of patients. At last, we review currently used therapeutics, along with future promising therapies to propose clinical and practical guidelines and further interesting research areas.

18.
In Vivo ; 34(3): 1215-1221, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In the variety of congenital abdominal cystic lesions (CACL) of different origin, ovarian cyst is the most common intra-abdominal pathology in female neonates. The prognosis and timing of treatment varies depending on the nature of CACL. This study aimed to assess the results of diagnostics and treatment of CACL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 39 cases of CACL, with the spectrum including ovarian, enteric, mesenteric and pancreatic origin. Outcome of minimally invasive surgery, open surgery or conservative approach was analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-eight neonates underwent surgery, while 11 were treated conservatively. Twenty patients were treated with a laparoscopic technique and eight with laparotomy combined with laparoscopy. Final diagnosis included: Fifteen cases of ovarian pathology (ovarian torsion in 11 cases), 12 treated laparoscopically and three with laparotomy, six enteric duplications (four laparoscopic and two laparotomic), three mesenteric cysts (one laparoscopic and two laparotomic), two pancreatic cysts (both laparoscopic only), two duodenal stenoses, including duodenal septum (both laparotomies with Heineke-Mikulicz plasty). No blood transfusion apart from two cases requiring re-laparotomy and no early complications were observed in any case; no death occurred. CONCLUSION: With the strategy of management based on ultrasound and laboratory data, a laparoscopically assisted minimal access approach resulted in minimal risk of complications and complete recovery in all patients, leading to exclusion of oncological risk.

19.
In Vivo ; 34(3): 1355-1359, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Hirschsprung disease (HD) is caused by the congenital absence of ganglion cells in the distal bowel (aganglionosis). Rectal biopsy is considered important for its diagnosis. The aim of this study was to apply immunohistochemical staining using a minimal set of antibodies and develop an algorithm that will assist in the diagnosis of HD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Rectal or colonic biopsies were performed in patients with HD (n=26) or patients treated for other bowel diseases (n=34). Immunohistochemical staining was performed for MAP1b, peripherin, S-100, calretinin, NSE, bcl-2 and CD56 proteins. RESULTS: Staining for CD56, S-100, peripherin and calretinin facilitated the identification of ganglion cells. The use of CD56 and S-100 antibodies together resulted in the highest rate of ganglion cell staining intensity (94%). CONCLUSION: We propose a practical diagnostic algorithm with the application of CD56 and S-100 antibodies that can be used in clinical practice in children suspected of Hirschsprung's disease.

20.
Microb Drug Resist ; 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434455

RESUMO

Background: Infectious complications (IC) caused by bacterial strains often impede anticancer therapy. The study aimed to retrospectively analyze bacterial IC that could help predict the risk and optimize the empirical treatment for bacterial infections in pediatric cancer patients. Patients and Methods: Over a 72-month period, all-in 5,599 children with cancer: 2,441 patients with hematological malignancy (HM including acute leukemias, Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphomas [NHLs], and Langerhans cell histiocytosis) and 3,158 with solid tumors (STs including central nervous system tumors, neuroblastoma, Wilms' tumor, soft tissue sarcoma, germ cell tumors, Ewing sarcoma, osteosarcoma, hepatoblastoma, and others) were enrolled into the study. Episodes of bacterial infectious complications (EBICs) confirmed by microbiological findings were reported by each hospital and analyzed centrally. Results: At least 1 EBIC was diagnosed in 2,155 (36.8%) children (1,281 [59.4%] with HM and 874 [40.6%] with ST; p < 0.001). All-in 4,860 EBICs were diagnosed including 62.2% episodes in children with HM and 37.8% in children with ST (p < 0.001). Having analyzed the source of infections, blood stream infections predominated, apart from NHL patients in whom the most common type was gut infections. The profile of bacteria strains was different in HM and ST groups (p < 0.001). However, in both groups the most common Gram-negative pathogen was Enterobacteriaceae, with the rate being higher in the HM group. Among Gram-negative strains low susceptibility to ceftazidime, whereas among Enterococcus spp. low susceptibility to vancomycin was noticed. The rate of multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens was high, especially for Gram negatives (47.7% vs. 23.9%; p < 0.001). The survival after infections was comparable for HM and ST patients (p = 0.215). Conclusions: The risk of bacterial IC in HM patients was higher than in the ST group. The high rate of MDR strains was detected in pediatric cancer patients, especially in those with HM.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...