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1.
Transfusion ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064638

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plerixafor should be administered 6 to 11 hours before starting leukocytapheresis. However, we have been using plerixafor followed by leukocytapheresis according to different time schedules since 2007. Our objective was to compare the CD34+ cell collection efficiency (CE1) of the first leukocytapheresis performed after using plerixafor at different time intervals. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Same-day schedule refers to the administration of plerixafor at 10:00 AM and starting the leukocytapheresis on the same day at 4:00 PM (6 hours interval). Next-day schedule refers to the administration of plerixafor at 8:00 PM and starting the leukocytapheresis on the next day (10:00 AM or 4:00 PM; either a 14- or 20-hr interval). Variables that might influence the CE1 of CD34+ cells were analyzed by longitudinal linear regression with a random effects model derived by generalized estimating equations. RESULTS: The median CE1 of CD34+ cells was higher in the group of 30 patients who underwent leukocytapheresis on the same day when compared with the group of 62 patients who underwent leukocytapheresis on the next day (65.8% vs. 56.7%; p < 0.01). In the longitudinal linear regression analysis, only the time from plerixafor administration to leukocytapheresis start was associated with a statistically significant decrease in the CE1 of CD34+ cells (CE1 change -0.034%; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Higher CE1 of CD34+ cells was observed when patients underwent leukocytapheresis on the same day after receiving plerixafor in comparison with administering plerixafor and underwent leukocytapheresis on the next day. Larger studies are necessary to confirm present results.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932656

RESUMO

In 2015, we implemented an at-home allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) program. Between 2015 and 2018, 252 patients underwent allo-HCT; 41 patients underwent allo-HCT in the at-home program (46% myeloablative; 63% unrelated donor; 32% posttransplant cyclophosphamide), and these patients were compared with 39 in-patients; safety, capacity to release beds for other programs, and economic efficiency cost were evaluated. We observed a lower incidence of febrile neutropenia in the at-home group compared with that in the in-patient group (32% versus 90%; p < 0.0001), whereas the incidence of aspergillosis was similar among groups (at-home 1% versus in-patient 3%; p = 0.5). The at-home patients showed a lower incidence of 1-year severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD; 10% versus 29%; p = 0.03). There were no differences in 1-year transplant-related mortality, relapse, or overall survival among groups. The re-admission rate in the at-home group was 7%. The at-home setting was less expensive (9087 €/transplant), and its implementation increased capacity by 10.5 allo-HCTs/year. Moreover, a chimeric antigen receptor T-cell program could be established without increasing beds. Thus, our at-home allo-HCT program may be a safe modality to reduce febrile neutropenia and acute GVHD, resulting in lower re-admission rates.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570779

RESUMO

We aimed to describe epidemiology changes in bloodstream infections (BSI) episodes in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients throughout a 25-year period (1993-2017), comparing five-year time spans, and we evaluate their impact on inappropriate empirical antibiotic treatment (IEAT) and mortality. During the study period, 1164 BSI episodes were documented in patients undergoing HSCT (71.6% allogenic and 29% autologous). A significant decrease in gram-positive cocci (GPC) and increase in gram-negative bacilli (GNB) were observed (p < 0.001). Among GP, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) significantly decreased whereas rising E. faecium BSI was documented. Among GNB, E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and K. pneumoniae rates increased. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) GNB, especially ESBL-E. coli and MDR-P. aeruginosa, emerged in 2008 and has gradually increased. IEAT against MDR-P. aeruginosa, but not in other MDR-GNB, augmented throughout the study period. Overall, 30-day and related mortality rates were 12.7% and 7.7% respectively, both increasing over time (p < 0.001 and p = 0.025). In GNB, 30-day and related mortality were 18.5% and 12.8%, respectively, increasing over time (p < 0.001 and p = 0.004). To conclude, important BSI epidemiological changes were described in a 25-year period. Concerning increase in IEAT for P. aeruginosa infections and rising 30-day mortality rate were documented.

4.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(11): 2281-2286, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31325586

RESUMO

Diagnosis of gastrointestinal (GI) cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease relies on the presence of GI symptoms and detection of CMV, mainly by immunohistochemistry (IHC), in GI biopsy specimens. Thus, in a symptomatic patient, a positive CMV-IHC result is accepted as a diagnosis of CMV disease. However, a positive CMV-PCR in GI tissue is considered "possible" CMV disease. Therefore, it would be very useful if, in practice, both techniques showed equal sensitivity and reliability. This is because PCR has many practical advantages over IHC for detecting CMV. The aim of this study was to compare quantitative PCR with IHC for the diagnosis of GI CMV disease. A total of 186 endoscopic GI biopsy specimens from 123 patients with GI symptoms after an allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT; 2004-2017) were analyzed by IHC and PCR on 113 paraffin-embedded and 73 fresh samples. The results were then compared. Of the patients with macroscopic lesions in the mucosa and CMV-IHC-positive biopsy specimens (eg, "proven" CMV disease, n = 28), all but 1 were CMV-PCR positive. Of the patients without macroscopic lesions in the mucosa and CMV-IHC-positive biopsy specimens (eg, probable CMV disease, n = 4), only 1 was CMV-PCR positive. Eight patients had CMV-IHC-negative/CMV-PCR-positive gut biopsy specimens. These cases fall within the current definition of possible CMV disease. In 6 of these 8 cases (75%), the viral load in GI tissue was very high (>10,000 copies/µg). Taken together, the results from the proven and probable cases revealed that CMV-PCR shows the same sensitivity (100%), specificity (98%), and positive (93%) and negative predictive value (100%) as CMV-IHC. Detection of CMV in fresh GI mucosa by quantitative PCR is as useful as IHC for the diagnosis of GI CMV disease. The results show that quantitative PCR has the same sensitivity, specificity, and positive/negative predictive value as IHC.

5.
Transfusion ; 59(8): 2636-2642, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31135994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) has been increasingly used as a second-line therapy for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) but there is no consensus regarding the best therapeutic schedule. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Our offline ECP schedule for treating patients with GVHD was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with acute GVHD were treated on 2 days per week for the first 2 weeks, followed by 1 day per week for 2 more weeks. After the first month of treatment, patients received treatment 1 day every 2 weeks for a minimum of 16 ECP procedures. Patients with chronic GVHD were treated on 1 day per week for 4 weeks followed by 1 day every 2 weeks for a minimum of 14 ECP procedures. RESULTS: Our series comprises 21 (45%) patients with acute GVHD and 26 (55%) patients with chronic GVHD who received 667 ECP procedures. A median (interquartile range [IQR]) of 1.0 (1.0-1.12) total blood volume was processed. Patients with acute and chronic GVHD received ECP procedures during a median of 49 (IQR, 14-103) and 180 (IQR, 111-274) days, respectively. Mild citrate-induced symptoms were present in 98 (46%) and 232 (51%) procedures in patients with acute and chronic GVHD, respectively. Overall response rate (ORR) and overall survival (OS) were 57 and 38% (95% confidence interval [CI], 17%-59%), respectively, for patients with acute GVHD. For patients with chronic GVHD, ORR and OS were 77 and 61% (95% CI, 18%-87%), respectively. CONCLUSION: Our new offline ECP schedule for treating patients with acute and chronic GVHD was efficacious and safe.

6.
Cancer Cytopathol ; 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145550

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a common procedure in hematological disorders and is preceded by a conditioning regimen that usually includes busulfan. The immunosuppression caused by the conditioning regimen and graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis is associated with human papillomavirus (HPV) persistence and, consequently, with an increased risk of cervical cancer (CC) and squamous intraepithelial lesions (SILs)-the precursors of CC. A gynecological check-up that includes CC screening is recommended in these patients. METHODS: All female recipients of allo-HSCT undergo routine gynecological check-up that includes CC screening. Cervical samples were obtained for liquid-based cytology and HPV testing. Cytology smears were stained with the Papanicolaou (Pap) technique. A colposcopy evaluation was performed if any abnormal result in the screening tests was obtained. RESULTS: Among 15 women undergoing gynecological examination at 1 year after allo-HSCT who had received a conditioning regimen that included busulfan, 4 (26.7%) showed atypical squamous cells in the Pap smear, suggesting high-grade SIL. The abnormalities were identified from 136 to 271 days after allo-HSCT. In all cases, HPV testing was negative, and colposcopy examination was normal. The cytological abnormalities regressed in 3 of the women after 1 year but persisted in 1 woman at day 382 after allo-HSCT. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment-related atypia mimicking SIL is a common finding in allo-HSCT recipients who have received busulfan, particularly in the first year after the procedure. However, atypical changes may persist for more than 1 year. Clinical information, HPV testing, and colposcopy examination are critical to prevent misdiagnosis and overtreatment in these patients.

7.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30926172

RESUMO

Febrile neutropenia is a very common complication in patients with hematological malignancies receiving chemotherapy, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria have become a therapeutic challenge in this high-risk patient population, since inadequate initial empirical treatment can seriously compromise prognosis. However, reducing antimicrobial exposure is one of the most significant cornerstones in the fight against resistance. The objective of these new guidelines is to update recommendations for the initial management of hematological patients who develop febrile neutropenia in this scenario of multidrug resistance. The two participating Societies (the Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica [Spanish Society of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology] and the Sociedad Española de Hematología y Hemoterapia [Spanish Society of Haematology and Haemotherapy]), designated a panel of experts in the field to provide evidence-based recommendations in response to common clinical questions. This document is primarily focused on bacterial infections. Other aspects related to opportunistic infections, such as those caused by fungi or other microorganisms, especially in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, are also touched upon.

8.
Eur J Haematol ; 102(6): 465-471, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828868

RESUMO

Post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is an infrequent complication of allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT). AIMS: To estimate the frequency and management of PTLD in Spain and to identify prognostic factors influencing outcomes. METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective analysis of allo-SCT performed in 14 transplant units over a 15-year period. RESULTS: 102 PTLD were diagnosed among 12 641 allo-SCT, leading to an estimated frequency of 0.8%. PTLD was diagnosed at a median of 106 days after SCT. Eighty-seven cases (85%) were diagnosed between 2007 and 2013. At diagnosis, 22% and 17% of the patients had gastrointestinal tract and CNS involvement. Eighty-seven (85%) received rituximab treatment, alone or in combination with immunosuppression reduction, with an ORR of 50.6%. With a median follow-up for survivors of 58 months, the 2-year overall survival (OS) was 33% and the PTLD-related mortality 45%. Age ≥ 40 years, malignant underlying disease, non-response to rituximab, and severe thrombocytopenia or lymphocytopenia at PTLD diagnosis were associated with worse overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Only a small proportion of allografted patients were diagnosed a PTLD. Its clinical course was highly aggressive, and prognosis poor, especially in those failing rituximab. The prognostic impact found of the platelet, and lymphocyte count at diagnosis requires further confirmation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/epidemiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Ciclofosfamida , Doxorrubicina , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/complicações , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/diagnóstico , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prednisona , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia , Transplante Homólogo , Vincristina , Adulto Jovem
9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 54(8): 1295-1303, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664727

RESUMO

Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) has demonstrated to be an effective treatment for patients with light-chain (AL) amyloidosis. However, a high transplant-related mortality (TRM) rate was reported in previous series of patients and questioned the role of transplant in this disease. Recently, experienced groups have shown a significant TRM decrease that has been attributed to an accurate selection of patients. Moreover, application of several supportive measures has decreased toxicity over amyloid-involved organs. We analyzed a series of 66 patients with AL amyloidosis, who underwent ASCT at a single institution and evaluated the impact of these measures beyond patient selection. Four temporary groups were established: group-A (non-selection plus post-transplant G-CSF use) with 29 patients, group-B (selection) with 13, group-C (selection and G-CSF avoidance) with 14, and group-D (selection, G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroid's prophylaxis) with 10. A decreasing TRM was observed over time from group-A (38%), to group-D (0%); p = 0.02. We also observed a progressive increase of three-year OS from 62% in group-A to 100% in group-D; p = 0.049. On the multivariate analysis, cardiac involvement was the only independent predictor of survival. Therefore, tailored selection policy together with transplant supportive measures have allowed ASCT to be a safe procedure in AL amyloidosis.

10.
Br J Haematol ; 184(5): 797-807, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30548583

RESUMO

We conducted a phase 2 trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bendamustine instead of BCNU (carmustine) in the BEAM (BCNU, etoposide, cytarabine and melphalan) regimen (BendaEAM) as conditioning for autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with aggressive lymphomas. The primary endpoint was 3-year progression-free survival (PFS). Sixty patients (median age 55 [28-71] years) were included. All patients (except one who died early) engrafted after a median of 11 (9-72) and 14 (4-53) days to achieve neutrophil and platelet counts of >0.5 × 109 /l and >20 × 109 /l, respectively. Non-relapse mortality at 100 days and 1 year were 3.3% and 6.7%, respectively. With a median follow-up of 67 (40-77) months, the estimated 3-year PFS and overall survival (OS) were 58% and 75%, respectively. Patients in partial response at study entry had significantly worse PFS and OS than patients who underwent ASCT in complete metabolic remission, and this was the only prognostic factor associated with both PFS (Relative risk [RR], 0.27 [95% confidence interval {CI} [0.12-0.56]) and OS (RR, 0.40 [95% CI 0.17-0.97]) in the multivariate analysis. BendaEAM conditioning is therefore a feasible and effective regimen in patients with aggressive lymphomas. However, patients not in complete metabolic remission at the time of transplant had poorer survival and so should be considered for alternative treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Autoenxertos , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/efeitos adversos , Carmustina/administração & dosagem , Carmustina/efeitos adversos , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Melfalan/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Podofilotoxina/administração & dosagem , Podofilotoxina/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(10): 2088-2093, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29753162

RESUMO

This study examined the impact of prednisone (PDN) on cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) according to donor and recipient CMV serostatus. Seventy-five patients underwent allo-SCT from June 2010 to July 2012. The risk of CMV infection according to donor and recipient serostatus was defined as follows: high risk (HR; D-/R+), intermediate risk (IR; D+/R+ and D+/R-), and low risk (D-/R-). Forty-five patients (60%) developed CMV infection, and 46 patients (61%) received steroids (PDN ≥ 1 mg/kg/day) to treat acute graft-versus-host disease. CMV infection was more common in those treated with steroids than in those not treated with steroids (70% versus 44%, respectively, P < .05). Overall, 40% of patients had recurrent CMV infection (50% PDN versus 24% no PDN, P < .05). Steroids had no impact on the incidence of CMV infection or its recurrence in HR patients; however, steroids did prolong the need for antiviral treatment. The incidence of CMV infection in IR patients was higher in those receiving PDN (80% PDN versus 41% no PDN, P = .01); recurrence rates were also higher (55% PDN versus 18% no PDN, P = .02). We analyzed CMV-specific immune reconstitution in the first 22 patients of the series and observed that patients on steroids had lower levels of CMV-specific lymphocytes TCD8 (P < .05 on days +60, +100, and +180) and that CMV-specific immune reconstitution (defined as lymphocytes CD8/IFN ≥ 1 cell/µL) was achieved later (after day +100 post-SCT) in the steroid group.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Citomegalovirus , Citomegalovirus , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/induzido quimicamente , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Esteroides/administração & dosagem
12.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 53(12): 1541-1547, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706650

RESUMO

Autologous stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) is standard for young patients in MM and its TRM has decreased after the 2000s. Bortezomib and immunomodulatory agents (IMiDs) in MM have improved the outcome. However, they seem to boost pro-inflammatory stage increasing the incidence of engraftment syndrome (ES). Favorable factors in PBSCT such as G-CSF could increase inflammatory stage during transplant. Corticosteroids have shown an excellent response of ES and some authors propose them as prophylaxis for ES. The aim was to analyze the impact of G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroids' prophylaxis in 170 patients diagnosed of MM treated with bortezomib/IMiDs that underwent PBSCT. We established three groups: Group-I [(G-CSF_administration), 60 patients (35%)], group-II [(nonG-CSF), 60 patients (35%)] and group-III [(nonG-CSF plus corticosteroid's prophylaxis), 50 patients (30%)]. A decreased ES incidence among groups was observed: 62, 42, and 22% (P < 0.0001). The incidence of symptoms mimicking a capillary leak syndrome associated with ES dropped: 43, 32, and 0% (P = 0.03). The G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroids had impact over admission 24, 21, and 20 days (P = 0.001). The most important variables related to ES were HCT-CI >2 (p < 0.0001; HR 8.5) and risk groups (p < 0.0001; HR 7.2). Hence, G-CSF avoidance and corticosteroid's prophylaxis decrease morbidity in patients undergoing PBSCT with MM treated with bortezomib/IMiDs.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/complicações , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Autólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Autólogo/métodos
13.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(6): 1196-1202, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29410343

RESUMO

The optimal prophylaxis regimen for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in the setting of mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) is not defined. The use of high-dose post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) in haploidentical transplantation has proven feasible and effective in overcoming the negative impact of HLA disparity on survival. We hypothesized that PTCy could also be effective in the setting of MMUD transplantation. We retrospectively analyzed 86 consecutive adult recipients of alloHSCT in our institution, comparing 2 contemporaneous groups: PTCy MMUD (n = 26) versus matched unrelated donor (MUD) (n = 60). Graft source was primarily peripheral blood (92%). All PTCy MMUD were HLA 7/8 (differences in HLA class I loci in 92% of patients) and received PTCy plus tacrolimus ± mofetil mycophenolate as GVHD prophylaxis. No differences were observed between PTCy MMUD and MUD in the 100-day cumulative incidence of acute GVHD grades II to IV (31% versus 22%, respectively; P = .59) and III to IV (8% versus 10%, P = .67). There was a trend for a lower incidence of moderate to severe chronic GVHD at 1 year after PTCy MMUD in comparison with MUD (22% versus 41%, P = .098). No differences between PTCy MMUD and MUD were found regarding nonrelapse mortality (25% versus 18%, P = .52) or relapse rate (11% versus 19%, P = .18). Progression-free survival and overall survival at 2 years were similar in both cohorts (67% versus 54% [HR, .84; 95% CI, .38 to 1.88; P = .68] and 72% versus 57% [HR, .71; 95% CI, .31 to 1.67; P = .44], respectively). The 2-year cumulative incidence of survival free of moderate to severe chronic GVHD and relapse tended to be higher in the PTCy MMUD group (47% versus 24%; HR, .60; 95% CI, .31 to 1.14; P = .12). We conclude that HLA 7/8 MMUD transplantation using PTCy plus tacrolimus is a suitable alternative for those patients who lack a MUD.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/normas , Histocompatibilidade , Adulto , Idoso , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Tacrolimo/uso terapêutico , Transplante Homólogo , Doadores não Relacionados , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Crohns Colitis ; 11(10): 1161-1168, 2017 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28419282

RESUMO

Background: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation [HSCT] is considered a therapeutic option for patients with severe Crohn's disease [CD] unresponsive to currently available therapies. Methods: Autologous HSCT was considered for CD patients with active disease, unresponsive or intolerant to approved medications and unsuitable for surgery. After HSCT, patients were closely followed up every 6 weeks during the first 2 years and every 6 months thereafter up to 5 years. Colonoscopy and/or magnetic resonance imaging were performed at Months 6, 12, 24, and 48 after HSCT. Results: From December 1, 2007 to December 31, 2015, 37 CD patients were assessed for HSCT. Of these, 35 patients [13 within the ASTIC trial] underwent mobilisation. Six patients did not complete the transplant for various reasons and 29 patients were finally transplanted. Patients were followed up during a median of 12 months [6-60]. At 6 months, 70% of patients achieved drug-free clinical remission (Crohn's Disease Index of Severity [CDAI] < 150). The proportion of patients in drug-free remission (CDAI < 150, Simple Endoscopic activity Score [SES]-CD < 7] was 61% at 1 year, 52% at 2 years, 47% at 3 years, 39% at 4 years, and 15% at 5 years. Patients who relapsed were re-treated and 80% regained clinical remission. Six out of the 29 [21%] required surgery. One patient died due to systemic cytomegalovirus infection 2 months after transplant. Conclusions: HSCT is a salvage therapy for patients with extensive and refractory CD. Although relapse occurs in a majority of patients within 5 years after transplant, drug responsiveness is regained and clinical remission achieved in 80% of cases.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Adolescente , Adulto , Colonoscopia , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Crohn/patologia , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Hematol ; 105(4): 497-505, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27882485

RESUMO

Information on pharmacodynamic monitoring after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-SCT) to evaluate individual responses to immunosuppressive drugs is scarce. We studied the relationship between a panel of pharmacodynamic markers monitored during the first 3 months after transplant and the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Lymphocyte activation assessed by intracellular ATP concentration in CD4+ T cells, a high percentage of CD8+ effector T cells, and a low percentage of CD4+ regulatory T (Treg) cells correlated significantly with GVHD. A cutoff value of 0.5 for the CD8+ effector T/Treg ratio provided the most accurate diagnosis of GVHD (sensitivity 58.8%, specificity 91%). These pharmacodynamic markers may provide an efficient complement to standard pharmacokinetic monitoring of immunosuppressive drugs after allo-SCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Imunossupressão/métodos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Relação CD4-CD8 , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto
16.
Gut ; 65(9): 1456-62, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26585938

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and toxicity of autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the treatment of refractory Crohn's disease (CD). DESIGN: In this prospective study, patients with refractory CD suffering an aggressive disease course despite medical treatment, impaired quality of life and in whom surgery was not an acceptable option underwent HSCT. Toxicity and complications during the procedure and within the first year following transplantation were evaluated, along with the impact of the introduction of supportive measures on safety outcomes. RESULTS: 26 patients were enrolled. During mobilisation, 16 patients (62%) presented febrile neutropaenia, including one bacteraemia and two septic shocks. Neutropaenia median time after mobilisation was 5 days. 5 patients withdrew from the study after mobilisation and 21 patients entered the conditioning phase. Haematopoietic recovery median time for neutrophils (>0.5×10(9)/L) was 11 days and for platelets (>20×10(9)/L) 4 days. Twenty patients (95%) suffered febrile neutropaenia and three patients (27%) presented worsening of the perianal CD activity during conditioning. Among non-infectious complications, 6 patients (28.5%) presented antithymocyte globulin reaction, 12 patients (57%) developed mucositis and 2 patients (9.5%) had haemorrhagic complications. Changes in supportive measures over the study, particularly antibiotic prophylaxis regimes during mobilisation and conditioning, markedly diminished the incidence of severe complications. During the first 12-month follow-up, viral infections were the most commonly observed complications, and one patient died due to systemic cytomegalovirus infection. CONCLUSIONS: Autologous HSCT for patients with refractory CD is feasible, but extraordinary supportive measures need to be implemented. We suggest that this procedure should only be performed in highly experienced centres.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Doença de Crohn , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Qualidade de Vida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Doença de Crohn/sangue , Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn/psicologia , Doença de Crohn/terapia , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Gravidade do Paciente , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 69(9): 2556-62, 2014 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24855125

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Information on the efficacy of extended meropenem administration in neutropenic patients is scarce. Our objective was to determine whether the administration of meropenem in a 4 h extended infusion (EI) leads to a better clinical outcome in patients with febrile neutropenia than the conventional short infusion (SI). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. The subjects were neutropenic patients who presented with fever after receiving haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation or induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukaemia. The primary endpoint was the success of treatment after 5 days of meropenem therapy, defined as follows: the disappearance of fever leading to a maintained (≥ 24 h) feverless state; the resolution or improvement of the clinical signs and symptoms of infection; the absence of persistent or breakthrough bacteraemia; and no additional antibiotics prescribed because of an unsatisfactory clinical evolution. RESULTS: Eighty-eight patients received meropenem (1 g/8 h) in SI and 76 received the same dose in EI. Treatment success on day 5 was superior in the EI group [52/76 (68.4%) versus 36/88 (40.9%); P<0.001]. Meropenem administered in EI was independently associated with success (OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.61-6.10). Fewer additional antibiotics were prescribed in the EI group during the first 5 days of treatment [20/76 (26.3%) versus 44/88 (50.0%); P=0.002]. Using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis a more prompt defervescence and a faster decrease in C-reactive protein concentration were observed in the EI group (P=0.021 and P=0.037, respectively). There were no significant differences in the length of hospital stay and in the mortality rate. CONCLUSIONS: Meropenem administration in EI results in a better clinical outcome for febrile neutropenia episodes, with fewer additional antibiotics needed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Neutropenia Febril/tratamento farmacológico , Infusões Intravenosas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Tienamicinas/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Meropeném , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Cell Rep ; 3(5): 1714-24, 2013 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23623496

RESUMO

Strategies for expanding hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) include coculture with cells that recapitulate their natural microenvironment, such as bone marrow stromal stem/progenitor cells (BMSCs). Plastic-adherent BMSCs may be insufficient to preserve primitive HSCs. Here, we describe a method of isolating and culturing human BMSCs as nonadherent mesenchymal spheres. Human mesenspheres were derived from CD45- CD31- CD71- CD146+ CD105+ nestin+ cells but could also be simply grown from fetal and adult BM CD45--enriched cells. Human mesenspheres robustly differentiated into mesenchymal lineages. In culture conditions where they displayed a relatively undifferentiated phenotype, with decreased adherence to plastic and increased self-renewal, they promoted enhanced expansion of cord blood CD34+ cells through secreted soluble factors. Expanded HSCs were serially transplantable in immunodeficient mice and significantly increased long-term human hematopoietic engraftment. These results pave the way for culture techniques that preserve the self-renewal of human BMSCs and their ability to support functional HSCs.


Assuntos
Células da Medula Óssea/citologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/citologia , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem da Célula , Células Cultivadas , Técnicas de Cocultura , Sangue Fetal/citologia , Sangue Fetal/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/metabolismo , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Nestina/metabolismo
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