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2.
ACS Chem Biol ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034447

RESUMO

Garcinol is a natural product from the Garcinia Indica fruit and is well-known as an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer agent. However, the understanding of its mechanism of action is still incomplete. It has been reported to be a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) inhibitor. Here, we surprisingly found that garcinol is a potent histone deacetylase 11 (HDAC11) inhibitor (IC50 ∼ 5 µM in vitro with the HPLC assay and IC50 ∼ 10 µM in the cellular SHMT2 fatty acylation assay), which is comparable to previously reported HDAC11 inhibitors. Additionally, among all the HDACs tested, garcinol specifically inhibits HDAC11 over other HDACs. HDAC11 is the only class IV HDAC, and there are very few inhibitors available for it. Therefore, this study provides a new HDAC11 inhibitor lead from natural products and may help explain the various biological activities of garcinol.

3.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 266: 113426, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007392

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In traditional Chinese medicine, the fruit of Schisandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill (SC) is used to treat various nervous system diseases, such as dysphoria, anxiety, insomnia and many dreams. It is worthy to be noted that wine processed Schisandra chinensis (WSC) has been applied in clinic for thousands of years. AIM OF STUDY: This study aimed to investigate the possible mechanism and related metabolism of SC and WSC ameliorating anxiety behavior through modulating gut microbiota. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) was used for the quality control of chemical components in SC and WSC. Chronic unpredictable stress procedure (CUSP)-induced anxiety rats were administrated with SC and WSC via gavage for five weeks. An untargeted UPLC/LTQ-Orbitrap MS metabolomic analysis of plasma was conducted to understand the effects of long-term intake of WSC and SC extracts on anxious rats. 16S rRNA microbial sequencing technology was applied to investigate gut microbiota structure. Expression of GPR81, TNF-α, S1PR2 as well as molecules in cAMP pathway was assayed by immunohistochemistry staining, RT-qPCR, or Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: 12 compounds were identified using UPLC-QTOF-MS technology, all of which are lignans. Results demonstrate that the amounts of 6-O-Benzoylgomisin O, Schisandrin, Gomisin D, Schizandrin A, Gomisin T, Schizandrin B, Schisandrin C were higher in wine-processed samples than in raw samples. Furthermore, both SC and WSC significantly ameliorated anxiety- and depression-like behavior and lipid metabolism dysfunction and attenuated hippocampal neuritis in anxiety rats. After WSC treatment, the structure and composition of gut microbiota in anxiety rats changed significantly, and gut microbiota derivatives lactate level was significantly lower in the plasma and feces. WSC treatment help restore gut microbial ecosystem dysbiosis and reverse the changes in Lachnospiraceae, Lactobacillus, Alloprevotella, and Bacteroidales in anxiety rat. In addition, the expression of liver GPR81 was decreased, and the molecules in cAMP pathway were increased in SC and WSC-treated anxiety rat. CONCLUSION: Raw and wine processed Schisandra chinensis treatment improved anxiety- and depression-like behavior through modulating gut microbiota derivatives in association with GPR81 receptor-mediated lipid metabolism pathway. And WSC has more exhibition than SC.

4.
Mol Cell Proteomics ; 2020 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958691

RESUMO

Specific E3 ligases target tumor suppressors for degradation. Inhibition of such E3 ligases may be an important approach to cancer treatment. RNF146 is a RING domain and PARylation-dependent E3 ligase that functions as an activator of the ß-catenin/Wnt and YAP/Hippo pathways by targeting the degradation of several tumor suppressors. Tankyrases 1 and 2 (TNKS1/2) are the only known poly-ADP-ribosyltransferases that require RNF146 to degrade their substrates. However, systematic identification of RNF146 substrates have not yet been performed. To uncover substrates of RNF146 that are targeted for degradation, we generated RNF146 knockout cells and TNKS1/2-double knockout cells and performed proteome profiling with label-free quantification as well as transcriptome analysis. We identified 160 potential substrates of RNF146, which included many known substrates of RNF146 and TNKS1/2 and 122 potential TNKS-independent substrates of RNF146. In addition, we validated OTU domain-containing protein 5 and Protein mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP10 as TNKS1/2-independent substrates of RNF146 and SARDH as a novel substrate of TNKS1/2 and RNF146. Our study is the first proteome-wide analysis of potential RNF146 substrates. Together, these findings not only demonstrate that proteome profiling can be a useful general approach for the systemic identification of substrates of E3 ligases but also reveal new substrates of RNF146, which provides a resource for further functional studies.

5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(40): 25036-25042, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943537

RESUMO

Minimally invasive testing for early detection of lung cancer to improve patient survival is a major unmet clinical need. This study aimed to develop and validate a serum multi-microRNA (multimiR) panel as a minimally invasive test for early detection of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) regardless of smoking status, gender, and ethnicity. Our study included 744 NSCLC cases and 944 matched controls, including smokers and nonsmokers, male and female, with Asian and Caucasian subjects. Using RT-qPCR and a tightly controlled workflow, we quantified the absolute expression of 520 circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) in a Chinese cohort of 180 early stage NSCLC cases and 216 healthy controls (male smokers). Candidate biomarkers were verified in two case-control cohorts of 432 Chinese and 218 Caucasians, respectively (including females and nonsmokers). A multimiR panel for NSCLC detection was developed using a twofold cross-validation and validated in three additional Asian cohorts comprising 642 subjects. We discovered 35 candidate miRNA biomarkers, verified 22 of them, and developed a five-miR panel that detected NSCLC with area under curve (AUC) of 0.936-0.984 in the discovery and verification cohorts. The panel was validated in three independent cohorts with AUCs of 0.973, 0.916, and 0.917. The sensitivity of five-miR test was 81.3% for all stages, 82.9% for stages I and II, and 83.0% for stage I NSCLC, when the specificity is at 90.7%. We developed a minimally invasive five-miR serum test for detecting early stage NSCLC and validated its performance in multiple patient cohorts independent of smoking status, gender, and ethnicity.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8359860, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908916

RESUMO

Purpose: Previous studies have reported that the levels of PRDX2 were correlated with tumorigenicity, recurrence, and prognosis of patients with different cancers. We investigated the association between PRDX2 levels and the prognosis of lung cancer patients. We also measured PRDX2 expression of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and examined its roles in the proliferation and migration in vitro and in vivo. Methods: We used the Kaplan-Meier plotter to analyze the survival of different levels of PRDX2 in lung cancer patients. The expression of PRDX2 in normal bronchial epithelial cell line and NSCLC cell lines was measured by qRT-PCR and western blot assays. Biological functions of NSCLC cells were detected by CCK8 and Transwell assays. We constructed tumor growth model using subcutaneously injection of nude mice and metastasis model by tail vein injection in vivo. The protein levels of proliferation related markers were measured by immunohistochemistry assay. Immunofluorescence method was used to detected EMT-related proteins. Results: The high levels of PRDX2 were associated with bad prognosis in lung cancer patients, especially in patients with adenocarcinoma. The expression of PRDX2 in NSCLC cell lines was higher than normal bronchial epithelial cells. Knockdown of PRDX2 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion in A549 cells, while overexpression of PRDX2 promoted the malignancy in NCI-H1299 cells in vitro. Silencing PRDX2 restrained tumor growth and repressed lung metastasis by EMT in vivo. Conclusion: Our data indicates that PRDX2 functions as a protumor regulator and is involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression of lung cancer.

7.
BMC Genomics ; 21(1): 638, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plant viruses maintain intricate interactions with their vector and non-vector insects and can impact the fitness of insects. However, the details of their molecular and cellular mechanisms have not been studied well. We compared the transcriptome-level responses in vector and non-vector aphids (Schizaphis graminum and Rhopalosiphum padi, respectively) after feeding on wheat plants with viral infections (Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (BYDV) and Wheat dwarf virus (WDV), respectively). We conducted differentially expressed gene (DEG) annotation analyses and observed DEGs related to immune pathway, growth, development, and reproduction. And we conducted cloning and bioinformatic analyses of the key DEG involved in immune. RESULTS: For all differentially expressed gene analyses, the numbers of DEGs related to immune, growth, development, reproduction and cuticle were higher in vector aphids than in non-vector aphids. STAT5B (signal transducer and activator of transcription 5B), which is involved in the JAK-STAT pathway, was upregulated in R. padi exposed to WDV. The cloning and bioinformatic results indicated that the RpSTAT5B sequence contains a 2082 bp ORF encoding 693 amino acids. The protein molecular weight is 79.1 kD and pI is 8.13. Analysis indicated that RpSTAT5B is a non-transmembrane protein and a non-secreted protein. Homology and evolutionary analysis indicated that RpSTAT5B was closely related to R. maidis. CONCLUSIONS: Unigene expression analysis showed that the total number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the vector aphids was higher than that in the non-vector aphids. Functional enrichment analysis showed that the DEGs related to immunity, growth and reproduction in vector aphids were higher than those in non-vector aphids, and the differentially expressed genes related to immune were up-regulated. This study provides a basis for the evaluation of the response mechanisms of vector/non-vector insects to plant viruses.

8.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815556

RESUMO

Long-term use of platinum-based drugs can cause non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to develop extremely strong drug resistance. Increasing the drug dosage does not have better treatment effects and could lead to serious complications. High levels of drug resistance are considered to be characteristic of human tumours and are usually mediated by genes related to multidrug resistance. Multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2), an ATP-binding cassette multidrug resistance transporter, was found to be overexpressed in various human cancers. In this study, we found that ABCC2 was also upregulated in cisplatin (DDP)-resistant A549 cells (A549/DDP). Functional studies demonstrated that ABCC2 knockdown reversed DDP resistance and promoted G1 phase arrest in A549/DDP cells, and PARP and caspase-3 were activated in A549/DDP cells following ABCC2 knockdown. In vivo, ABCC2 knockdown enhanced the cytotoxicity of DDP to subcutaneous A549 tumours. Together, these results suggest that ABCC2 may be a potential therapeutic strategy for overcoming DDP resistance in NSCLC patients. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: In this study, we investigated the role of ABCC2 in cisplatin resistance of NSCLC cells. Our data show that ABCC2 expression was associated with resistance to cisplatin and that knockdown ABCC2 could reverse cisplatin resistance in NSCLC cells. Taken together, our study suggests that reducing the expression of ABCC2 could become an important strategy for enhancing the sensitivity of NSCLC cells to cisplatin.

9.
DNA Repair (Amst) ; 95: 102946, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853826

RESUMO

Ataxia Telangiectasia and Rad3-Related kinase (ATR) is a master regulator of genome maintenance, and participates in DNA replication and various DNA repair pathways. In a genome-wide screen for ATR-dependent fitness genes, we identified a previously uncharacterized gene, C17orf53, whose loss led to hypersensitivity to ATR inhibition. C17orf53 is conserved in vertebrates and is required for efficient cell proliferation. Loss of C17orf53 slowed down DNA replication and led to pronounced interstrand crosslink (ICL) repair defect. We showed that C17orf53 is a ssDNA- and RPA-binding protein and both characteristics are important for its functions in the cell. In addition, using multiple omics methods, we found that C17orf53 works with MCM8/9 to promote cell survival in response to ICL lesions. Taken together, our data suggest that C17orf53 is a novel component involved in ICL repair pathway.

10.
Plants (Basel) ; 9(7)2020 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650507

RESUMO

In recent years, the purple-fleshed sweet potato has attracted more attention because of its high nutritional value. The cytogenetics of this crop is relatively unexplored, limiting our knowledge on its genetic diversity. Therefore, we conducted cytogenetic analysis of 76 purple-fleshed sweet potato cultivars to analyze the chromosome structure and distribution of 45S and 5S rDNA. We noted that only 62 cultivars had 90 chromosomes, and the others were aneuploid with 88, 89, 91, or 92 chromosomes. The number of 45S rDNA in the 76 cultivars varied from 16 to 21; these sites showed different signal sizes and intensities and were localized at the chromosomal termini or satellite. The number of 5S rDNA was relatively stable; 74 cultivars showed six sites located at the chromosomal sub-terminal or near the centromere. Only the 'Quanzishu 96' and 'Yuzixiang 10' showed seven and five 5S rDNA sites, respectively. Additionally, both parent cultivars of 'Quanzishu 96' showed 18 45S and six 5S rDNA sites. Overall, our results indicate a moderate diversity in the distribution pattern of rDNAs. Our findings provide comprehensive cytogenetic information for the identification of sweet potato chromosomes, which can be useful for developing a high-quality germplasm resource.

11.
Asia Pac J Clin Nutr ; 29(2): 372-381, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents offers advice for breakfast in China, current breakfast consumption habits are unclear. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of breakfast consumption among adults and explore its associations with daily food consumption and daily nutrient intake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A stratified cluster sampling technique was employed in this cross-sectional study. Demographic characteristics, breakfast consumption, and daily food and nutrient intake were investigated. RESULTS: Dietary data were collected for 3251 adult residents through interviews. We determined that residents with an annual income of

12.
Molecules ; 25(15)2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722272

RESUMO

The efficient treatment of the problem of air pollution is a practical issue related to human health. The development of multi-functional air treatment filters, which can remove various kinds of pollutants, including particulate matter (PM) and organic gases, is a tireless pursuit aiming to address the actual needs of humans. Advanced materials and nano-manufacturing technology have brought about the opportunity to change conventional air filters for practical demands, with the aim of achieving the high-efficiency utilization of photons, a strong catalytic ability, and the synergetic degradation of multi-pollutants. In this work, visible-responding photocatalytic air treatment filters were prepared and combined with a fast and cost-effective electrospinning process. Firstly, we synthesized Ag-loaded TiO2 nanorod composites with a controlled size and number of loaded Ag nanoparticles. Then, multi-functional air treatment filters were designed by loading catalysts on electrospinning nanofibers combined with a programmable brush. We found that such Ag-TiO2 nanorod composite-loaded nanofibers displayed prominent PM filtration (~90%) and the degradation of organic pollutants (above 90%). The superior performance of purification could be demonstrated in two aspects. One was the improvement of the adsorption of pollutants derived from the increase of the specific surface area after the loading of catalysts, and the other was the plasmonic hot carriers, which induced a broadening of the optical absorption in the visible light range, meaning that many more photons were utilized effectively. The designed air treatment filters with synergistic effects for eliminating both PM and organic pollutants have promising potential for the future design and application of novel air treatment devices.

13.
Transfusion ; 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666556

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA could be detected in the blood of infected cases. From February 9, all blood establishments in Hubei province, China, implemented nucleic acid testing (NAT) for SARS-CoV-2 RNA among blood donors to ensure blood safety. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Nucleic acid test screening individually (ID) or by minipool (MP) testing was performed according to the manufacturer's instructions. Inactivated culture supernatant of SARS-CoV-2-infected Vero cells was quantified by droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) and series diluted with negative plasma to evaluate the assay's performance. RESULTS: The limit of detection of the kit for MP testing was 62.94 and 33.14 copies/mL for N and ORF1ab region, respectively. ID testing could achieve 3.87 and 4.85 copies/mL for two regions using 1600 µL of plasma. Coefficients of variations of two different concentrations of reference samples were all less than 5% in MP testing. As of April 30, 2020, a total of 98,342 blood donations including 87,095 whole blood donations and 11,247 platelet donations were tested by ID or MP testing, and no RNAemia was found. In addition, Hubei province suffered precipitously decreased blood supply, especially in February: 86% reduction compared with the same period of 2019. CONCLUSION: Nucleic acid test screening of SARS-CoV-2 on blood donations is suitable in blood establishments using the commercial real-time PCR detection kit based on available instruments. The negative result indicated that SARS-CoV-2 appears to be no direct threat to blood safety but raises some serious issues for general blood supply.

14.
Neoplasia ; 22(9): 431-440, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652442

RESUMO

Pamiparib, an investigational Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor in clinical development, demonstrates excellent selectivity for both PARP1 and PARP2, and superb anti-proliferation activities in tumor cell lines with BRCA1/2 mutations or HR pathway deficiency (HRD). Pamiparib has good bioavailability and is 16-fold more potent than olaparib in an efficacy study using BRCA1 mutated MDA-MB-436 breast cancer xenograft model. Pamiparib also shows strong anti-tumor synergy with temozolomide (TMZ), a DNA alkylating agent used to treat brain tumors. Compared to other PARP inhibitors, pamiparib demonstrated improved penetration across the blood brain barrier (BBB) in mice. Oral administration of pamiparib at a dose as low as 3 mg/kg is sufficient to abrogate PARylation in brain tumor tissues. In SCLC-derived, TMZ-resistant H209 intracranial xenograft model, combination of pamiparib with TMZ overcomes its resistance and shows significant tumor inhibitory effects and prolonged life span. Our data suggests that combination of pamiparib with TMZ has unique potential for treatment of brain tumors. Currently, the combination therapy of pamiparib with TMZ is evaluated in clinical trial [NCT03150862].

15.
Sci Adv ; 6(19): eaay9466, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32494702

RESUMO

The cardiac and hematopoietic progenitors (CPs and HPs, respectively) in the mesoderm ultimately form a well-organized circulation system, but mechanisms that reconcile their development remain elusive. We found that activating transcription factor 3 (atf3) was highly expressed in the CPs, HPs, and mesoderm, in zebrafish. The atf3 -/- mutants exhibited atrial dilated cardiomyopathy and a high ratio of immature myeloid cells. These manifestations were primarily caused by the blockade of differentiation of both CPs and HPs within the anterior lateral plate mesoderm. Mechanistically, Atf3 targets cebpγ to repress slc2a1a-mediated glucose utilization. The high rate of glucose metabolism in atf3 -/- mutants inhibited the differentiation of progenitors by changing the redox state. Therefore, atf3 could provide CPs and HPs with metabolic adaptive capacity to changes in glucose levels. Our study provides new insights into the role of atf3 in the coordination of differentiation of CPs and HPs by regulating glucose metabolism.

16.
EMBO J ; 39(14): e104036, 2020 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32484965

RESUMO

Mechanistic understanding of how ionizing radiation induces type I interferon signaling and how to amplify this signaling module should help to maximize the efficacy of radiotherapy. In the current study, we report that inhibitors of the DNA damage response kinase ATR can significantly potentiate ionizing radiation-induced innate immune responses. Using a series of mammalian knockout cell lines, we demonstrate that, surprisingly, both the cGAS/STING-dependent DNA-sensing pathway and the MAVS-dependent RNA-sensing pathway are responsible for type I interferon signaling induced by ionizing radiation in the presence or absence of ATR inhibitors. The relative contributions of these two pathways in type I interferon signaling depend on cell type and/or genetic background. We propose that DNA damage-elicited double-strand DNA breaks releases DNA fragments, which may either activate the cGAS/STING-dependent pathway or-especially in the case of AT-rich DNA sequences-be transcribed and initiate MAVS-dependent RNA sensing and signaling. Together, our results suggest the involvement of two distinct pathways in type I interferon signaling upon DNA damage. Moreover, radiation plus ATR inhibition may be a promising new combination therapy against cancer.

17.
Phytomedicine ; 76: 153265, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32575028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: P. chinensis saponins (PRS) are pentacyclic triterpenoid bioactive constituents from Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge) Regel. In our previous study, PRS caused chronic liver injury (CLI) with the significant changes of lipid metabolites including sphingomyelin (SM) in serum after long-term administration. The SM in the hepatocytes membrane plays an indispensable role in maintaining cell membrane stability and regulating the extracellular and intracellular signal transduction. However, it is still unknown the pathway related to SM and the mechanism of CLI on hepatocyte. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the hepatotoxicity mechanism of PRS in vivo and in vitro, to reveal the action of mechanism of SM and the pathway related to liver injury. METHODS: SD rats were orally administered with PRS for 240 days and liver injury was evaluated by histological examinations. Metabolomics analysis was used to explore the liver metabolic pathway affected by PRS, and the expressions of related proteins were evaluated by western blots. To discover and elucidate the underlying mechanisms of metabolites changes induced by PRS at the cellular level, cellular morphology, MTT assays, western blots and cell membrane potential measurements were carried out using LO2 cells. Furthermore, the roles of SM and cholesterol (Chol) in hepatocyte injury were investigated individually in overload Chol and SM groups. Sphingolipid metabolic pathway related with ceramide/sphingomyelin (Cer/SM) balance was explored using cellular lipidomics and RT-PCR. RESULTS: PRS gradually damaged the rat's liver in a time-dependent manner. The analysis of liver metabolism profiles showed that lipids metabolites were changed, including sphingolipid, bile acid, linoleic acid and fatty acid. We found that PRS induced apoptosis by interfering with bile acid-mediated sphingolipid metabolic pathway and Cer/SM balance in CLI. In in vitro experiments, PRS led to the increase of LDH leakage, depolarized cell membrane potential and caused cell membrane toxicity. Furthermore, PRS inducedG0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest in LO2 cells, simultaneously activated cellular extrinsic and intrinsic apoptosis pathways. PRS acted on SM and interfered with Cer/SM balance, which promote lipid metabolism dysregulation and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: PRS acted on SM to interfere Cer/SM balance on LO2 cell. Both in vivo and in vitro, PRS induced Cer/SM imbalance which promoted lipid metabolism disorder and apoptosis. Apoptosis and lipids changes gradually damaged the rats liver, and ultimately developed into CLI.

18.
Mol Plant ; 13(8): 1203-1218, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561360

RESUMO

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a major horticultural crop worldwide and has emerged as a preeminent model for metabolic research. Although many research efforts have focused on the analysis of metabolite differences between varieties and species, the dynamics of metabolic changes during the tomato growth cycle and the regulatory networks that underlie these changes are poorly understood. In this study, we integrated high-resolution spatio-temporal metabolome and transcriptome data to systematically explore the metabolic landscape across 20 major tomato tissues and growth stages. In the resulting MicroTom Metabolic Network, the 540 detected metabolites and their co-expressed genes could be divided into 10 distinct clusters based on their biological functions. Using this dataset, we constructed a global map of the major metabolic changes that occur throughout the tomato growth cycle and dissected the underlying regulatory network. In addition to verifying previously well-established regulatory networks for important metabolites, we identified novel transcription factors that regulate the biosynthesis of important secondary metabolites such as steroidal glycoalkaloids and flavonoids. Our findings provide insights into spatio-temporal changes in tomato metabolism and generate a valuable resource for the study of metabolic regulatory processes in model plants.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32546004

RESUMO

AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses officially retracts the paper entitled, "Association Between Polymorphisms in the Interleukin-10 Gene and Susceptibility to HIV-1 Infection," by Dan-Hui Fu, Wen-Juan Deng, Zhi Yang, Sen Hong, Qian-Ling Ding, Yang Zhao, Jia Chen, and Dan-Ke Su (AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses, epub: 16 Jun 2020; DOI: 10.1089/AID.2020.0011) due to a final, post-acceptance plagiarism review of the paper revealed a level of duplication of published sources that exceeded normal thresholds. The authors were provided an opportunity to adjust the problem, but the revision was returned with an even higher degree of duplication. The Editor and Publisher of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses are committed to preserving the scientific literature and the community it serves.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379550

RESUMO

Background: It was reported that circular RNAs (circRNAs) exerted important function in various human cancers. However, the function of circFAT1 was less reported. The purpose of this study was to reveal the functional mechanism of circFAT1 in colorectal cancer (CRC). Materials and Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay were used to detect the levels of genes. Cell proliferation ability was assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazoyl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Flow cytometry was used to investigate cell apoptosis rate. The glucose consumption and lactate production were determined using related kits. Furthermore, the interaction between circFAT1 or ubiquitin-like PHD and RING finger domain-containing protein 1 (UHRF1) and miR-520b or miR-302c-3p was predicted by starbase3.0, and then confirmed by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. Besides, xenograft experiment was performed to analyze the effect of circFAT1 on tumor growth in vivo. Results: The levels of circFAT1 and UHRF1 were increased, as well as the levels of miR-520b and miR-302c-3p were decreased in CRC tissues and cells. CircFAT1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation, cycle, and glycolysis as well as induced apoptosis. Interestingly, circFAT1 was a sponge of miR-520b and miR-302c-3p, and miR-520b and miR-302c-3p could target UHRF1. Both miR-520b overexpression and miR-302c-3p overexpression inhibited CRC cell growth. Furthermore, both miR-520b knockdown and miR-302c-3p depletion weakened the effect of circFAT1 knockdown on the growth of CRC cells. Besides, circFAT1 depletion repressed tumor growth in vivo. Conclusion: The authors' findings suggested that circFAT1 upregulated UHRF1 to affect CRC cell proliferation, apoptosis, and glycolysis through targeting miR-520b and miR-302c-3p, providing theoretical basis for the treatment of CRC.

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