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1.
Chemistry ; 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36345945

RESUMO

The growing applications of therapeutic nucleic acids requires the concomitant development of vectors that are optimized to complex one type of nucleic acid, forming nanoparticles suitable for further trafficking and delivery. While fine-tuning a vector by molecular engineering to obtain a particular nanoscale organization at the nanoparticle level can be a challenging endeavor, we turned the situation around and instead screened the complexation preferences of dynamic constitutional frameworks toward different types of DNAs. Dynamic constitutional frameworks (DCF) are recently-identified vectors by our group that can be prepared in a versatile manner through dynamic covalent chemistry. Herein, we designed and synthesized 40 new DCFs that vary in hydrophilic/hydrophobic balance, number of cationic headgroups. The results of DNA complexation obtained through gel electrophoresis and fluorescent displacement assays reveal binding preferences of different DCFs toward different DNAs. The formation of compact spherical architectures with an optimal diameter of 100-200 nm suggests that condensation into nanoparticles is more effective for longer PEG chains and PEI groups that induce a better binding performance in the presence of DNA targets.

2.
Chemistry ; 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36342312

RESUMO

The use of nucleic acids as templates which can trigger the self-assembly of their own vectors represent an emerging, simple and versatile, approach toward the self-fabrication of tailored nucleic acids delivery vectors. However, the structure-activity relationships governing this complex templated self-assembly process that accompanies the complexation of nucleic acids remains poorly understood. Here, we studied the class of arginine-rich dynamic covalent polymers (DCPs) composed of different monomers varying the number and position of arginines. We describe the combinations that lead to nucleic acid complexation, in saline buffer, using different templates, from short siRNA to long DNA. Finally, we identify a successful peptidic DCP featuring six-arginine repeating unit that promote the safe and effective delivery of siRNA in live cancer cells.

3.
Front Oncol ; 12: 985184, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338678

RESUMO

Aims: This study aimed to investigate the prognostic value of clinical features for cancer-specific survival (CSS) and metastasis in patients with pancreatic mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (MCAC). We further constructed and validated an effective nomogram to predict CSS. Methods: We screened patients diagnosed with pancreatic MCAC from Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to determine the CSS time. Univariate and multivariate Cox and logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify the prognostic factors for CSS and metastasis. The nomogram was constructed to predict the prognosis of pancreatic MCAC based on the results from the multivariate analysis. We used the concordance index (C-index), the area under the curve (AUC), and the calibration plots to determine the predictive accuracy and discriminability of the nomogram. Results: Multivariate Cox analysis revealed that age, primary site, grade, and radiotherapy were independent prognostic factors associated with CSS. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that surgery and grade were independent risk factors associated with metastasis. The independent risk factors were included to construct a prognosis prediction model for predicting CSS in patients with pancreatic MCAC. The concordance index (C-index), receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and calibration plots of the training cohort and the validation cohort showed that the nomogram had an acceptable predictive performance. Conclusion: We established a nomogram that could determine the 3- and 5-year CSS, which could evaluate individual clinical outcomes and provide individualized clinical decisions.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(46): e31690, 2022 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36401413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to predict the targets and signaling pathways affected by Tengli Kangliu Decoction (TKD) in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) precursor lesions and to determine TKDs mechanism of action based on previous experimental results using network pharmacology techniques and methods. METHODS: Using the traditional Chinese medicine systems pharmacology database (TCMSP) and UniProt database, the active ingredients and potential targets of TKD were identified. Human colorectal adenoma (CRA) targets were analyzed using the GeneCards database, the Online mendelian inheritance in man (OMIM) database, and the NCBI database. The common targets of drug-disease interactions were input into the String database to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. These data were then used to construct the network diagram. Gene ontology (GO) function analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the target genes. Finally, the component-disease-pathway-target network file was imported into Cytoscape 3.8.0 and used to construct the pathway network diagram. RESULTS: Compounds with a drug-likeness (DL) score ≥ 0.18 and an oral bioavailability (OB) ≥ 30% were selected as the active constituents of TKD. Two hundred eighty eight chemical constituents were screened and 305 chemical drug targets were predicted. After further screening, 1942 disease-related targets, which are hypothesized to be the main chemical components of TKD, were obtained. When comparing the targets of action and CRA treatment targets, 172 common targets were identified. Using GO enrichment analysis of common targets of drug diseases, 2550 biological processes (BP) were predicted, 164 items of which were related to molecular functioning (MF), and 67 items related to cell composition. KEGG pathway analysis was performed on the common targets of drug diseases, and a total of 178 signaling pathways were enriched. CONCLUSION: Using network pharmacology research, this study reports on the synergistic effect of the multiple components of TKD on the multi-target, and multiple pathways of colorectal precancerous lesions. These findings lay a theoretical foundation for further colorectal precancerous lesions research.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas , Humanos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Farmacologia em Rede , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/tratamento farmacológico
5.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 2022 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36264285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine carcinomas of the gastrointestinal tract (GI-NECs) remain a disease of grim prognosis with limited therapeutic options. Their molecular characteristics are still undefined. This study aimed to explore the underlying genetic basis and heterogeneity of GI-NECs. METHODS: Comprehensive genomic analysis using whole-exome sequencing was performed on 143 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples of surgically resected GI-NEC with a thorough histological evaluation. Mutational signatures, somatic mutations, and copy number aberrations were analyzed and compared across anatomic locations and histological subtypes. Survival analysis was conducted to identify the independent factors. RESULTS: In total, 143 GI-NECs were examined: the stomach, 87 cases (60.8%); the esophagus, 29 cases (20.3%); the colorectum, 20 cases (14.0%); and the small intestine, 7 cases (4.9%). Eighty-three (58.0%) and 60 (42.0%) cases were subclassified into small cell and large cell subtypes, respectively. GI-NECs showed distinct genetic alterations from their lung counterparts and non-neuroendocrine carcinomas in the same locations. Obvious heterogeneity of mutational signatures, somatic mutations, and copy number variations was revealed across anatomic locations rather than histological subtypes. Except for tumor protein p53 (TP53) and retinoblastoma 1 (RB1), the most frequently mutated genes in the stomach, esophagus, colorectum, and small intestine were low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1B (LRP1B), notch receptor 1 (NOTCH1), adenomatosis polyposis coli (APC), catenin beta 1 (CTNNB1), respectively. Mutations in the WNT-ß-catenin, NOTCH and erythroblastic leukemia viral oncogene B (ERBB) pathways were prevalently identified in gastric, esophageal, and colorectal NECs, respectively. Importantly, 104 (72.7%) GI-NECs harbored putative clinically relevant alterations, and non-gastric location and RB1 bi-allelic inactivation with copy number alterations were identified as two independent poor prognostic factors. Furthermore, we found that tumor cells in GI-NECs first gain clonal mutations in TP53, RB1, NOTCH1 and APC, followed by subsequent whole-genome doubling (WGD) and post-WGD clonal mutations in LRP1B, CUB and Sushi multiple domains 3 (CSMD3), FAT tumor suppressor homolog 4 (FAT4) and erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 4 (ERBB4), and finally develop subclonal mutations. CONCLUSIONS: GI-NECs harbor distinct genomic landscapes and demonstrate significant genetic heterogeneity across different anatomic locations. Moreover, potentially actionable alterations and prognostic factors were revealed for GI-NECs.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285349

RESUMO

The interaction between di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) in physiological Tris-HCl buffer at pH 7.4 was investigated by fluorescence quenching technique. By analyzing the fluorescence spectrum and intensity, it was observed that the DBP had a strong ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA through a static quenching procedure. The binding constants K and the number of binding sites n of DBP with BSA were calculated to be 0.11 × 102 L·mol-1 and 0.52 at 298 K, respectively. The thermodynamic parameters of enthalpy change (ΔH) and entropy change (ΔS) were also calculated to be positive showing that hydrophobic forces might play a major role in the binding of DBP to BSA. The binding process was spontaneous in which Gibbs free energy change (ΔG) was negative. The distance (r) between the donor (BSA) and acceptor (DBP) was calculated to be 2.02 nm based on Forster's non-radiative energy transfer theory, which indicated that the energy transfer from BSA to DBP occurs with a high possibility. The synchronous fluorescence, three-dimensional fluorescence, and circular dichroism (CD) spectra showed that the binding of di-n-butyl phthalate to BSA induced conformational changes in BSA. The interaction between DBP and BSA can help researchers better understand the nature of poisons and serve people in the right way with first aid and detoxification.

7.
Res Social Adm Pharm ; 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of guidelines and official policies, antibiotic prophylaxis in clean surgery remains suboptimal. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects and cost-effectiveness of pharmacist-led intervention in the perioperative anti-infection prophylaxis of patients undergoing orthopedic internal fixation. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis based on the medical records of internal fixation surgery in a tertiary hospital from July 2019 to June 2020. Data were divided into two groups based on whether a full-time pharmacist participated in the treatment. The research parameters included use of antibiotics, rationality of medication, postoperative complications, and related cost. To deal with selection bias, propensity score matching method was employed at a ratio of 1:1. Meanwhile, a cost-effectiveness analysis was used to evaluate the impact of pharmacist intervention on antibiotic prevention in internal fixation surgery. RESULTS: A total of 537 participants were included in this study. After matching, 236 patients were comparable in each group. During the pharmacist intervention period, less pharmacologic prophylaxis (96.6% vs 100.0%, p = 0.007) and shorter prophylaxis duration (1.60 vs 2.28 days, p < 0.001) were observed. The reasonable rate increased dramatically in usage and dosage (96.6% vs 83.9%, p < 0.001), timing of administration (94.5% vs 78.4%, p < 0.001) and medication duration (64.4% vs 37.7%, p < 0.001). In addition, pharmacist intervention yielded net economic benefits. A remarkable reduction was observed in average length of stay (10.43 vs 11.14 days, p = 0.012), drug cost ($610.57 vs $706.60, p = 0.001) and defined daily doses (2.31 vs 3.27, p < 0.001). The cost-effectiveness ratios, divided drug cost savings by cost of pharmacist time, were 28:1 for drug and 2:1 for antibiotics, respectively. CONCLUSION: Pharmacist-driven antibiotic stewardship for orthopedic internal fixation patients improved compliance with peri-procedure antibiotic prophylaxis, and reduced the cost and utilization of antibiotics. This helped to bring significant clinical and economic benefits.

8.
Foods ; 11(19)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36230022

RESUMO

Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) present distinct toxicity potencies depending on their metabolites and in vivo toxicokinetics. To represent the potency differences of various PAs, the interim relative potency (REP) factors have been derived. However, little is known about the risk assessment for (herbal) teas when taking REP factors into account. In this study, a set of 68 individual 1,2-unsaturated PA in 21 types of (herbal) teas was analyzed using LC-MS/MS. The REP factors for these PAs were applied on the PA levels. The margin of exposure (MOE) approach was employed to assess the risks of the exposure to PAs due to consumption of (herbal) teas. The results show that the total PA levels ranged from 13.4 to 286,682.2 µg/kg d.m., which were decreased by REP correction in most of the teas. The MOE values for tephroseris, borage and lemon balm (melissa) tea based on REP-corrected PA levels were below 10,000, assuming daily consumption of one cup of tea during a lifetime, indicating that consuming these teas may raise a concern. Our study also indicates a priority for risk management for tephroseris tea, as having nephrosis tea for more than 11.2 weeks during a 75-year lifetime would result in an MOE of 10,000.

10.
Front Vet Sci ; 9: 898056, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36082214

RESUMO

Whole foods in humans decrease inflammation and risk for various diseases, as well as increase weight loss and immune function. Nutrition has been shown to be an integral component in the management of various diseases in dogs but the immunologic and anti-inflammatory effects of whole food diets have not been explored. Therefore, our objective was to assess the effect of feeding a whole food diet on immune function and inflammatory phenotype in healthy dogs. A prospective, randomized, open-labeled, cross-over clinical trial was performed. Sixteen healthy client-owned dogs were fed either a whole food or an extruded dry diet, and after 67 days, they were fed the alternate diet for an additional 67 days. Blood samples were obtained at the completion of each treatment arm (i.e., days 67 and 134). Serum c-reactive protein (CRP), haptoglobin (Hp), and serum amyloid-A (SAA) were measured with ELISA assays. Whole blood cultures were performed with exposure to a phosphate-buffered solution (PBS), lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and lipoteichoic acid (LTA). A canine specific multiplex bead-based assay was then used to measure tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), IL-2, IL-8, and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 concentrations. Granulocyte/monocyte (GM) phagocytosis and oxidative burst associated with Escherichia coli were evaluated via flow cytometry. Dogs fed a whole food diet had significantly lower TNF-α-to-IL-10 ratios (P = 0.05) and higher production of IL-8 (P = 0.03) with LTA-exposed leukocytes compared to dogs fed an extruded dry diet. There were no between-treatment differences in the remaining leukocyte cytokine responses, serum CRP, Hp, SAA concentrations, or GM phagocytic and oxidative burst capacities. Whole food diets could have immunomodulatory effects in dogs. Future studies in non-healthy dogs are warranted.

11.
J Food Biochem ; : e14419, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121703

RESUMO

Ginkgo biloba has gained increasing attention owing to its remarkable effects against cardiovascular disease. However, the role of G. biloba in hepatic lipid metabolism disorders in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) combined with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. Here, the effective ingredients and mechanisms of action of G. biloba in T2DM combined with NAFLD were investigated via an integrated strategy of network pharmacology and molecular docking. Thirty-four core targets for the alleviation of T2DM combined with NAFLD were identified and retrieved from multiple open-source databases, after validating the ameliorative effect of G. biloba on lipid accumulation in vitro. The targets IL6, IL1B, VEGFA, PTGS2, and CCL2, among others, with high network association values, were screened using Cytoscape. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis showed that 34 compounds derived from G. biloba may exert therapeutic effects via response to molecule of bacterial origin, cellular response to lipid, and response to the hormone. In addition, the AGE-RAGE and IL-17 signaling pathways were predicted to be most significantly affected. Meanwhile, the outcomes of the molecular docking experiment showed that the most effective ingredients in G. biloba showed a strong binding affinity to the potential target active sites. Findings from further in vitro experiments confirmed that G. biloba treatment decreased the level of IL6, IL1B, and VEGFA protein. In conclusion, our findings provided novel insights into the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effect of G. biloba in T2DM combined with NAFLD. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: As a medicinal food plant, G. biloba has been shown to exert benefits in cardiovascular diseases. However, the pharmacological material basis and complex mechanism of action in G. biloba in T2DM combined with NAFLD remain unknown. Here, the mechanism by which G. biloba could ameliorate T2DM combined with NAFLD was investigated, and the potential target and molecular mechanism were explored, through a comprehensive strategy combining network pharmacology and molecular docking. Our findings indicate that G. biloba exerts synergistic effects in treating T2DM combined with NAFLD through multi-ingredients, multi-targets, and multi-pathways; the findings also elucidate the nutritional and therapeutic potential of G. biloba in preventing and treating T2DM combined with NAFLD and provides robust evidence for its clinical application.

12.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273873, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36084059

RESUMO

FastCloning, a reliable cloning technique for plasmid construction, is a widely used protocol in biomedical research laboratories. Only two-step molecular manipulations are required to add a gene (cDNA) of interest into the desired vector. However, parallel cloning of the gene into multiple vectors is still a labor-intensive operation, which requires a range of primers for different vectors in high-throughput cloning projects. The situation could even be worse if multiple fragments of DNA are required to be added into one plasmid. Here, we describe a high-throughput FastCloning (HTFC) method, a protocol for parallel cloning by adding an adaptor sequence into all vectors. The target gene and vectors were PCR amplified separately to obtain the insert product and linear vectors with 18-base overlapping at each end of the DNAs required for FastCloning. Furthermore, a method for generating polycistronic bacterial constructs based on the same strategy as that used for HTFC was developed. Thus, the HTFC technique is a simple, effective, reliable, and low-cost tool for parallel cloning.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli , Vetores Genéticos , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/genética , Vetores Genéticos/genética , Plasmídeos/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos
13.
Oncol Rep ; 48(5)2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36102319

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common form of carcinoma with an increasing global incidence and fatality rates. The current strategies for reducing the incidence and mortality rates of CRC include early screening, prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, modern high­throughput sequencing technologies in combination with the continuous in­depth study of the microbiome have highlighted the roles of microorganisms in the development of CRC. In particular, studies have demonstrated that oral­gut and gut­oral microbial transmission can regulate the pathogenesis of various diseases, suggesting the existence of an oral­gut microbiome axis. However, to the best of our knowledge, only a few studies to date have assessed the oral­gut microbiome axis in the context of CRC. Therefore, the present review article aimed to discuss the current literature investigating the oral­gut axis in order to further explore the association between the oral­gut microbiome axis and CRC. These data may provide a novel strategy for the early screening, prevention and treatment of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Microbiota , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Incidência
14.
MedComm (2020) ; 3(4): e173, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36176733

RESUMO

Emerging evidence indicates that resolution of inflammation is a critical and dynamic endogenous process for host tissues defending against external invasive pathogens or internal tissue injury. It has long been known that autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory disorders are characterized by dysregulated immune responses, leading to excessive and uncontrol tissue inflammation. The dysregulation of epigenetic alterations including DNA methylation, posttranslational modifications to histone proteins, and noncoding RNA expression has been implicated in a host of inflammatory disorders and the immune system. The inflammatory response is considered as a critical trigger of epigenetic alterations that in turn intercede inflammatory actions. Thus, understanding the molecular mechanism that dictates the outcome of targeting epigenetic regulators for inflammatory disease is required for inflammation resolution. In this article, we elucidate the critical role of the nuclear factor-κB signaling pathway, JAK/STAT signaling pathway, and the NLRP3 inflammasome in chronic inflammatory diseases. And we formulate the relationship between inflammation, coronavirus disease 2019, and human cancers. Additionally, we review the mechanism of epigenetic modifications involved in inflammation and innate immune cells. All that matters is that we propose and discuss the rejuvenation potential of interventions that target epigenetic regulators and regulatory mechanisms for chronic inflammation-associated diseases to improve therapeutic outcomes.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(16): 4517-4528, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046881

RESUMO

This study aimed to systematically evaluate the effect of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) injections on anthracycline-induced cardiac injury. The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, and other databases were electronically retrieved to gather randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of TCM injections against anthracycline-induced cardiac injury from their inception to September 2021. After two research fellows independently screened the literature and extracted the data, the risk of bias of included RCTs was assessed and network Meta-analysis was performed by R 4.1.0 and Stata 15.1. A total of 50 RCTs were included, involving eight TCM injections. Network Meta-analysis showed that:(1)the combination of anthracyclines with Huachansu Injection might be the optimal treatment to reduce the abnormal electrocardiogram.(2)The combination with Shenfu Injection might be the optimum treatment to ameliorate the left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) decrease.(3)The combination with Shenqi Fuzheng Injection might reduce the incidence of cardiotoxicity most satisfactorily.(4)The combination with Xinmailong Injection might improve the elevated cardiac troponin I(cTnI) optimally.(5)The combination with Shenmai Injection might be optimal to control the rise of creatine kinase MB isoenzyme(CK-MB).(6)The combination with Kushen Injection might be the regimen with the lowest gastrointestinal reactions. TCM injections had desirable effect on anthracycline-induced cardiac injury, with low incidence of adverse reactions, and each TCM injection had its own unique advantages. Due to the limitations in quality and methodological conduct of the included studies, more high-level RCTs are needed to validate the conclusions.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Policetídeos , Antraciclinas/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Metanálise em Rede , Volume Sistólico , Função Ventricular Esquerda
16.
Nat Protoc ; 17(11): 2494-2516, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36045225

RESUMO

Photochemical methods are increasingly being used in organic synthesis. They are especially useful for preparing many compounds that are not readily accessible through thermal or enzymatic reactions. The supramolecular strategy has proved highly promising in recent years for manipulating the stereochemical outcome of chiral photoreactions through relatively strong and long-lasting noncovalent interactions in both ground and excited states. Among the numerous chiral photochemical reactions, photocyclodimerization of 2-anthracenecarboxylate (AC) is the most comprehensively studied supramolecular chiral photoreaction and has essentially become a benchmark reaction for evaluating supramolecular photochirogenesis. Cyclodextrin (CD) derivatives were the earliest and are the most widely applied chiral host for mediating photoreactions. Herein, we use CD-mediated photocyclodimerization of AC as an example to introduce the operation process of supramolecular chiral photoreactions. The protocol includes the following contents: (i) the preparation, purification and characterization of ß-CD derivatives; (ii) methods for investigating the host-guest inclusion behavior between AC and ß-CD derivatives; (iii) the photochemical reaction operation flow under different solvent and temperature conditions; (iv) chiral high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analyses of the product distribution and enantioselectivity. The protocol is introduced by using representative examples of the synthesis of ß-CD derivatives and the manipulation of environmental factors that give excellent regio- and enantioselectivities in the photocyclodimerization of AC. The synthesis and purification of ß-CD derivatives require 3-5 d of work. The photoirradiation of AC with ß-CD derivatives can be done within 1 h. The product analysis requires 5 h.


Assuntos
Ciclodextrinas , Estereoisomerismo , Dimerização , Ciclização
17.
Nano Lett ; 22(17): 6923-6929, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36006735

RESUMO

Excitons in two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted the attention of the community to develop improved photoelectronic devices. Previous reports are based on direct excitation where the out-of-plane illumination projects a uniform single-mode light spot. However, because of the optical diffraction limit, the minimal spot size is a few micrometers, inhibiting the precise manipulation and control of excitons at the nanoscale level. Herein, we introduced the in-plane coherent surface plasmonic interference (SPI) field to excite and modulate excitons remotely. Compared to the out-of-plane light, a uniform in-plane SPI suggests a more compact spatial volume and an abundance of mode selections for a single or an array of device modulation. Our results not only build up a fundamental platform for operating and encoding the exciton states at the nanoscale level but also provide a new avenue toward all-optical integrated valleytronic chips for future quantum computation and information applications.

18.
Chem Biodivers ; 19(9): e202100961, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979749

RESUMO

Herba Patriniae (HP) is widely used as a medicinal and edible material in China. Besides food value, HP attracts more attention due to its medicinal potential. Patrinia villosa Juss. (PV) and Patrinia scabiosaefolia Fisch. (PS) are the two species origins of HP. These two of HP show different effects on cell proliferation, migration, angiogenesis and anti-diabetic. As we have previously reported, PV and PS show significant differences on their anti-inflammatory ability in the same experimental model. Comparing the ingredient profiles of two different sources will not only facilitate the understanding of their medicinal effects, but also help the development and research of new activities. However, still now, there is no systematic and detailed study to compare the components of PV and PS. In present study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was employed to achieve a high-throughput qualitative and thorough analysis of the chemical composition spectrum of HP. A total of 164 compounds were identified, among these compounds, 127 compounds were identified from PV, and 107 compounds were identified from PS. Most of the chemical components was discovered for the first time. Flavonoids, saponins, terpenoids and organic acids, as the main ingredients in PV and PS were 45.45 %vs 28.46 %, 12.61 % vs. 32.09 %, 14.33 % vs. 22.38 % and 14.58 % vs. 6.79 %, respectively. Flavonoids are the main components of PV, while PS is rich in saponins. PV and PS were classified into two groups by principal component analysis (PCA) and screened out the main molecular differences responsible by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). All the results will be a guide for the quality control, functional activity research, or better clinic use based on the ingredients profile between these two species. Besides, this first study on ingredients profile of two species origins will be beneficial for potential and best resources utilization of both PV and PS.


Assuntos
Patrinia , Saponinas , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Análise Discriminante , Flavonoides/química , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Patrinia/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Terpenos
19.
ACS Catal ; 12(15): 8829-8832, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966602

RESUMO

In our previously published article, an intriguing enzymology observation with the N-myristoyltransferases (NMT1 and NMT2) led us to conclude that binding affinity is important for determining in vivo substrate specificity and this can explain the vast literature that reports the coimmunoprecipitation of protein-modifying enzymes and their substrates. This understanding also provides a facile method to identify substrate proteins for such enzymes, which we demonstrated by identifying three substrate proteins using existing interactome data for NMT1 and NMT2. Dr. Meinnel recently commented on our finding, and we hope this Reply helps to clarify some of the important points we aimed to make in the original article.

20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(32): e30006, 2022 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35960093

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of antioxidant intervention in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients has been increasingly investigated in recent years. In order to further clarify whether antioxidant therapy is beneficial for PCOS patients and the emphasis of its effects, this study provides a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examining the effect of antioxidant intervention on PCOS. METHODS: Enrolled study designs related to antioxidant interventions and PCOS, published from 1999 to 2020, were searched from EMBASE, PubMed, and Web of Science databases to sort out proven studies on antioxidant interventions and PCOS. Data were reported as weighted mean difference (WMD) or standard mean difference with associated confidence intervals of 95%. The analysis was conducted using Stata version 16.0. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies were included in total. Antioxidant intervention had a positive impact on homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (WMD = -0.37, P = .011) and Triglycerides (WMD = -25.51, P < .001). And antioxidant intervention did not improve testosterone levels significantly (WMD = -0.20, P = .2611). Subgroup analysis showed that except for the D-chiro-inosito subgroup, no difference in body mass index was observed between the intervention group and the control group. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis demonstrates the efficacy of antioxidant intervention in patients with PCOS, demonstrating that antioxidant intervention has a significant effect on insulin resistance and lipid metabolism improvement. However, antioxidant intervention therapy has no discernible impact on testosterone levels or body mass index. Omega-3 may be a more effective antioxidant intervention for PCOS. In addition, this meta-analysis provides important reference opinions and treatment recommendations for PCOS.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/complicações , Testosterona/uso terapêutico
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