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1.
Helicobacter ; : e12953, 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36738099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-dose dual therapy (HDDT) is an emerging and promising therapeutic regime for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication. However, the pharmacokinetics of the components of HDDT, amoxicillin and proton pump inhibitor, are likely to be affected by body size. In this study, we aimed to find out the impact of body size on the efficacy of HDDT. METHODS: We collected the medical data of 385 treatment-naive patients infected with H. pylori who received HDDT (esomeprazole 20 mg and amoxicillin 750 mg four times daily) for 14 days from July 2020 to December 2021. The associations among the eradication efficacy, adverse events, and variables (sex, age, height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA), smoking, drinking, etc.) were analyzed respectively in our study. Among these factors, continuous variables were classified into categorical variables using the cut-off values which were calculated by receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: The eradication rate of HDDT was 89.9%. There were 55 (14.3%) patients who occurred adverse events during the treatment. Patients with height <170.5 cm, body weight <60.5 kg, BMI <20.55 kg/m2 , BSA <1.69 m2 had a higher eradication rate (92.1% vs. 84.0%, 93.1% vs. 86.8%, 96.0% vs. 87.8%, 93.4% vs. 84.8%, all p < .05). The multivariate analysis showed that BSA ≥1.69 m2 (OR 2.53, 95% CI: 1.28-4.99, p = .007) was the only independent predictor of eradication failure. CONCLUSION: HDDT could achieve better eradication efficacy in patients with small BSA. Clinicians should be aware of the impact of BSA on the H. pylori eradication rate and pay more attention to patients with large BSA.

2.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(2): 625-630, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36727374

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of virtual reality (VR) technology in children after surgery for concomitant strabismus. Methods: A total of 200 children with concomitant exotropia or concomitant esotropia were randomly divided into a training group and a control group according to the single even number random method (100 cases in each group). Patients in the training group received VR intervention training within 1 week after surgery. Patients in the control group did not receive any training. Results: Six months after the surgery, the orthophoria (the far or near strabismus degree was ≤8Δ) rate was significantly higher in the training group than in the control group (P = 0.001), while the eye position regression rate (compared to the strabismus degree within 1 week after the surgery, the amount of regression >10Δ) was significantly lower in the training group than in the control group (P = 0.001). Six months after the surgery, the number of children with simultaneous vision and remote stereovision was significantly higher in the training group than in the control group (P = 0.017 and 0.002, respectively). The differences in the number of patients with peripheral stereopsis, macular stereopsis, and stereopsis in macular fovea centralis at 1, 3, and 6 months after the surgery between the training and the control groups were not statistically significant (P = 0.916, 0.274, and 0.302, respectively). Conclusion: The intervention of VR technology after strabismus correction effectively improved children's visual function and maintained their eye position.


Assuntos
Esotropia , Exotropia , Estrabismo , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Criança , Visão Binocular , Estrabismo/cirurgia , Exotropia/cirurgia , Tecnologia , Músculos Oculomotores/cirurgia
3.
Bioinformatics ; 2023 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36734597

RESUMO

MOTIVATION: It is fundamental to cut multi-domain proteins into individual domains, for precise domain-based structural and functional studies. In the past, sequence-based and structure-based domain parsing was carried out independently with different methodologies. The recent progress in deep learning-based protein structure prediction provides the opportunity to unify sequence-based and structure-based domain parsing. RESULTS: Based on the inter-residue distance matrix, which can be either derived from the input structure or predicted by trRosettaX, we can decode the domain boundaries under a unified framework. We name the proposed method UniDoc. The principle of UniDoc is based on the well-accepted physical concept of maximizing intra-domain interaction while minimizing inter-domain interaction. Comprehensive tests on five benchmark datasets indicate that UniDoc outperforms other state-of-the-art methods in terms of both accuracy and speed, for both sequence-based and structure-based domain parsing. The major contribution of UniDoc is providing a unified framework for structure-based and sequence-based domain parsing. We hope that UniDoc would be a convenient tool for protein domain analysis. AVAILABILITY: https://yanglab.nankai.edu.cn/UniDoc/. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36735120

RESUMO

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of global epidemiological studies of air pollution and angina pectoris, aiming to explore the deleterious air pollutant(s) and vulnerable sub-populations. PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for eligible articles published between database inception and October 2021. Meta-analysis weighted by inverse-variance was utilized to pool effect estimates based on the type of air pollutant, including particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10: particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm and ≤ 10 µm), gaseous pollutants (NO2: nitrogen dioxide; CO: carbon monoxide; SO2: sulfur dioxide, and O3: ozone). Study-specific effect estimates were standardized and calculated with percentage change of angina pectoris for each 10 µg/m3 increase in air pollutant concentration. Twelve studies involving 663,276 angina events from Asia, America, Oceania, and Europe were finally included. Meta-analysis showed that each 10 µg/m3 increase in PM2.5 and PM10 concentration was associated with an increase of 0.66% (95%CI: 0.58%, 0.73%; p < 0.001) and 0.57% (95%CI: 0.20%, 0.94%; p = 0.003) in the risk of angina pectoris on the second day of exposure. Adverse effects were also observed for NO2 (0.67%, 95%CI: 0.33%, 1.02%; p < v0.001) on the second day, CO (0.010%, 95%CI: 0.006%, 0.014%; p < 0.001). The elderly and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) appeared to be at higher risk of angina pectoris. Our findings suggest that short-term exposure to PM2.5, PM10, NO2, and CO was associated with an increased risk of angina pectoris, which may have implications for cardiologists and patients to prevent negative cardiovascular outcomes.

5.
Sci Total Environ ; 866: 161395, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36621501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental risks accumulate in cities, including polluted air and health disparities, but these risks can be reduced through scientific city planning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the global burden of premature mortality attributable to NO2 exposure in urban areas and the role of the built environment in this regard. METHODS: An approach based on health impact assessment was used to estimate the premature mortality burdens associated with NO2 exposure in 13,169 urban areas around the world using globally gridded NO2 and population estimates, baseline mortality, and epidemiologically derived exposure-response functions. We used the most recent WHO recommended value (i.e.,10 µg/m3) as a counterfactual concentration. Finally, the relationship between the characteristics of the built environment at the city level and the burden of NO2-related mortality was evaluated. RESULTS: Worldwide, 549,715(95%CI: 276204-815,023) cases of death attributable to NO2 exposure in urban areas could be prevented if compliance with the latest WHO guideline, accounting for 2.7 % (95%CI:1.4 %-4.0 %) of total mortalities in 2019. Across cities around the world, the age-standardized mortality rate (per 100,000 people) attributable to NO2 exposure ranged from 51.3 (95%CI:25.8-76.0) in Central Asia to 3.4(95%CI: 1.7-5.1) in Oceania. Although there was a significant decrease in premature mortality attributable to NO2 exposure globally, considerable regional heterogeneity exists, with cities in Central Asia and Andean Latin America in particular exhibiting an upward trend. Further, we discovered a positive association between population density and street connectivity with mortality attributable to NO2. While the increase in green and blue space were significantly associated with a lower NO2-associated mortality. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study provided a comprehensive understanding of the premature mortality burden due to NO2 in cities throughout the world and the role that urban planning policies can play in reducing the health burden associated with air pollution.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 868: 161624, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36681036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) was reported to impact liver function, but the roles of specific PM2.5 chemical components remained to be explored. Besides, severe liver dysfunction in schizophrenia patients deserves attention. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of short-term PM2.5 components with liver function in schizophrenia patients. METHODS: A repeated-measures study based on schizophrenia cohort including 1023 visits (n = 446) was conducted during 2017-2020. Liver function was reflected by 10 indicators including liver enzymes, proteins and bilirubin et al. Monitoring data of PM2.5 and its components, including 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 4 water-soluble ions and 10 metals were collected. Linear mixed effect and Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR) models were used to evaluate the single and combined effects of PM2.5 components (0-3 day) on liver function in schizophrenia patients. RESULTS: Several PAHs were significantly associated with liver enzymes, while water-soluble ions and metal components had almost no association. Specifically, with per interquartile range (IQR) increased in Fluoranthene, levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) increased by 2.06 %, 5.07 %, 4.94 % and 5.56 %, respectively. An IQR increases in Benzo[a]pyrene was significantly associated with 6.62 %, 3.67 % and 7.83 % increase in ALT, AST and GGT. Almost all PAHs, sulfate, nitrate, ammonium, Sb, Al, As, Pb, Mn and Tl were positively associated with albumin (ALB). Phenanthrene was associated with increased levels of direct bilirubin (DBIL) and total bilirubin (TBIL). The combined effects of significant PM2.5 components on ALP, GGT, ALB, globulin (GLOB), ratio of albumin to globulin (A/G), TBIL and total bile acid (TBA) were found by BKMR, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Findings highlight the short-term combined effects of PM2.5 components, especially PAHs, on liver function in schizophrenia patients, which contribute to the management of PM2.5 sources including combustion activities and traffic emissions as well as improving schizophrenia comorbidities.

7.
Cell Transplant ; 32: 9636897221149445, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36661223

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common chronic skeletal disease in the elderly. There is no effective therapy to reverse disease severity and knee OA (KOA) progression, particularly at the late stage. This study aims to examine the effect of peripheral blood-derived mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) on pain and motor function rescue in patients with Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade II to IV KOA. Participants received one intra-articular (IA) injection of autologous PBMNCs. The mononuclear cells were isolated from peripheral blood, enriched by a specialized medium (MoFi medium), and separated by Ficoll-Paque solution. The isolated and enriched PBMNCs could differentiate into M1 and M2 macrophages in vitro. The in vivo anti-inflammatory effect of the PBMNCs was similar to that of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, evaluated by complete Freund's adjuvant-induced arthritis in rodents. A single-arm and open-label pilot study showed that patients' knee pain and motor dysfunction were significantly attenuated after the cell transplantation, assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) at 6 and 12 months post-treatment. Notably, the therapeutic effect of the PBMNCs treatment can be stably maintained for 24 months, as revealed by the KOOS scores. These preclinical and pilot clinical data suggest that IA injection of MoFi-PBMNCs might serve as a novel medical technology to control the pain and the progress of KOA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento , Articulação do Joelho , Injeções Intra-Articulares , Dor/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36692726

RESUMO

Depression is a serious public health problem today, especially in middle-aged and older adults. Although the etiology of the disease has not been fully elucidated, environmental factors are increasingly not negligible. Cadmium is widely used in industrial production. The general population may be chronically exposed to low doses of cadmium. This study aimed to investigate the association between blood cadmium and depression and to explore the mediating role of aging indicators in this process. We conducted a cross-sectional study on blood cadmium (N = 7195, age ≥ 20 years) using data from the 2007-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Aging indicators (biological and phenotypic age) are calculated by combining multiple biochemical and/or functional indicators. To determine the relationship between blood cadmium concentrations and depressive symptoms, we used weighted multivariate logistic regression and restricted cubic spline functions and employed mediation analysis to explore the possible mediating effects of aging indicators in the process. We found a significant positive association between blood cadmium and depression with an odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.22 (1.04,1.43). Restricted cubic spline analysis found a linear positive association between blood cadmium and depression. In the fully covariate-adjusted model, we found a positive association between blood cadmium and biological age and phenotypic age with ß and 95% CI: 1.02 (0.65, 1.39) and 2.35 (1.70, 3.01), respectively. In the mediation analysis, we found that phenotypic age mediated 21.32% of the association between blood cadmium and depression. These results suggest that even exposure to low doses of cadmium can increase the risk of depression and that this process may be mediated by phenotypic aging.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36644440

RESUMO

Aim: Hyperuricemia (HUA) has received increased attention in the last few decades due to its global prevalence. Our previous study found that administration of a macroporous resin extract of Dendrobium officinale leaves (DoMRE) to rats with HUA that was induced by exposure to potassium oxazine combined with fructose and a high-purine diet led to a significant reduction in serum uric acid (SUA) levels. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of DoMRE on hyperuricemia induced by anthropomorphic unhealthy lifestyle and to elucidate its possible mechanisms of action. Methods: Dosages (5.0 and 10.0 g/kg/day) of DoMRE were administered to rats daily after induction of HUA by anthropomorphic unhealthy lifestyle for 12 weeks. The levels of UA in the serum, urine, and feces; the levels of creatinine (Cr) in the serum and urine; and the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) in serum were all measured using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The activities of xanthine oxidase (XOD) and adenosine deaminase (ADA) in the serum, liver, and intestine tissue supernatant were measured using appropriate kits for each biological target. The expressions levels of UA transporters (ABCG2 and GLUT9), tight junction (TJ) proteins (ZO-1 and occludin), and inflammatory factors (IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α) in the intestine were assayed by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was used to assess histological changes in the renal and intestinal tissues. Results: DoMRE treatment significantly reduced SUA levels and concomitantly increased fecal UA (FUA) levels and the fractional excretion of UA (FEUA) in HUA rats. Furthermore, DoMRE significantly reduced both the XOD activity in the serum, liver, and intestine and the ADA activity in the liver and intestine. DoMRE also effectively regulated the expression of GLUT9 and ABCG2 in the intestine, and it significantly upregulated the expression of the intestinal TJ proteins ZO-1 and occludin. Therefore, DoMRE reduced the damage to the intestinal barrier function caused by the increased production of inflammatory factors due to HUA to ensure normal intestinal UA excretion. Conclusion: DoMRE demonstrated anti-HUA effects in the HUA rat model induced by an anthropomorphic unhealthy lifestyle, and the molecular mechanism appeared to involve the regulation of urate transport-related transporters (ABCG2 and GLUT9) in the intestine, protection of the intestinal barrier function to promote UA excretion, and inhibition of XOD and ADA activity in the liver and intestine to inhibit UA production in the HUA-induced rats.

11.
Environ Res ; 220: 115203, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36592807

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Currently, most epidemiological studies on haze focus on respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, etc. However, the relationship between haze and mental health has not been adequately explored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of hazes on schizophrenia admissions and to further explore the potential interaction effect with the combined atmospheric oxidative indices (Ox and Oxwt). METHODS: We collected 5328 cases during the cold season from 2013 to 2015 in Hefei, China. By integrating the Poisson Generalized Linear Models with the Distributed Lag Non-linear Models, the association between haze and schizophrenia admissions was evaluated. The interaction between hazes and two combined oxidation indexes was tested by stratifying hazes and Ox, and Oxwt. RESULTS: Haze was found to be significantly linked to an increased risk of hospitalization for schizophrenia, and a 9-day lag effect on schizophrenia (lag 3-lag 11), with the largest effect on lag 6 (RR = 1.080, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.046-1.116). Males, females, and <40 y (people under 40 years old) were sensitive to hazes. Furthermore, in the stratified analysis, we found synergies between two combined oxidation indexes and hazes. The interaction relative risk (IRR) and relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) between Ox and hazes were 1.170 (95% CI: 1.071-1.277) and 0.149 (95% CI: 0.045-0.253), respectively. For Oxwt, the IRR and RERI were 1.179 (95% CI: 1.087-1.281) and 0.159 (95% CI: 0.056-0.263), respectively. It is noteworthy that this synergistic effect was significant in males and <40 y when examining the various subgroups in the interaction analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that exposure to haze significantly increases the risk of hospitalization for schizophrenia. More significant public health benefits can be obtained by prioritizing haze periods with high combined atmospheric oxidation capacity.

12.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 163(2): 173-180, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36476369

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate the orthodontic effect and efficiency of substituting third molars for missing first or second permanent molars systematically. METHODS: Forty-six patients (69 third molars total) with missing permanent molars replaced by third molars were selected. The angulation, crown-to-root ratio, and periodontal condition of the third molars before and after treatment were compared. The American Board of Orthodontics Objective Grading System was used to evaluate the alignment and occlusion of third molars after treatment. The duration of orthodontic treatment and third molar replacement therapy were also recorded. RESULTS: The average orthodontic treatment time was 33.9 ± 5.6 months, and the average angulation change of third molars during treatment was 49.8 ± 29.8°. The average height of mesial alveolar bone increased by 4.8 ± 0.5 mm in patients whose third molars were mesially inclined or horizontally impacted. The root length of adult patients decreased by 0.72 ± 0.02 mm on average, and the average gingival recession was 0.10 mm, both of which were not statistically significant. The average score for each third molar evaluated by the American Board of Orthodontics Objective Grading System was 1.8 ± 0.5 points. CONCLUSIONS: If the indications and timing of treatment were well-controlled, third molars would be excellent substitutes for missing first or second permanent molars through the orthodontic method.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Doenças Periodontais , Dente Impactado , Adulto , Humanos , Dente Serotino , Dente Molar , Oclusão Dentária , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/terapia , Mandíbula
13.
Sci Total Environ ; 861: 160554, 2023 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36574560

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence in support of a short-term association between ambient temperature and cardiac arrest attacks that is a serious manifestation of cardiovascular disease and has a high incidence and low survival rate. However, it remains unrecognized about the hazardous temperature exposure types, exposure risk magnitude, and vulnerable populations. OBJECTIVES: We comprehensively summarize prior epidemiological studies looking at the short-term associations of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with various temperature exposures among different populations. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Web of Science databases from inception to October 2021 for eligible English language. Temperature exposure was categorized into three types: heat (included high temperature, extreme heat, and heatwave), cold (included low temperature and extreme cold), and temperature variation (included diurnal temperature range and temperature change between two adjacent days). Meta-analysis weighted by inverse variance was used to pool effect estimates. RESULTS: This study included 15 studies from 8 countries, totaling around 1 million OHCA events. Extreme heat and extreme cold were significantly associated with an increased risk of OHCA, and the pooled relative risks (RRs) were 1.071 [95 % confidence interval (CI): 1.019-1.126] and 1.662 (95%CI: 1.138-2.427), respectively. The risk of OHCA was also elevated by heatwaves (RR = 1.248, 95%CI: 1.091-1.427) and more intensive heatwaves had a greater effect. Notably, the elderly and males seemed to be more vulnerable to the effects of heat and cold. However, we did not observe a significant association between temperature variation and the risk of OHCA (1.005, 95%CI: 0.999-1.012). CONCLUSION: Short-term exposure to heat and cold may be novel risk factors for OHCA. Considering available studies in limited regions, the temperature effect on OHCA should be urgently confirmed in different regions.


Assuntos
Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar , Temperatura , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Temperatura Baixa , Temperatura Alta , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Parada Cardíaca Extra-Hospitalar/etiologia , Populações Vulneráveis
14.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 186: 114445, 2022 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36470095

RESUMO

Surface sediments from 21 stations within the Pearl River estuary (PRE) intertidal zone were sampled for heavy metal contamination analysis. Average heavy metal concentrations (mg/kg) in the PRE intertidal zone were 118.5 (Cr), 860.4 (Mn), 19.5 (Co), 72.5 (Ni), 128.1 (Cu), 198.5 (Zn), and 73.0 (Pb), with the concentrations of Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn being significantly higher than their corresponding background values. The enrichment factor (EF) and geo-accumulation index (Igeo) reveal the same contamination status, with Pb, Ni, Co, Mn, and Cu showing slight to moderate contamination. Overall, the combined heavy metal concentration in the PRE intertidal surface sediments had a 24.7 % probability of toxic effects on aquatic biota based on the joint probabilistic risk (JPR) approach. Principal component analysis (PCA) coupled with the correlation analysis (CA) revealed that the heavy metal contamination in the PRE intertidal zone might originate from natural and anthropogenic sources.

15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(22): 6097-6116, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36471935

RESUMO

In this study, UPLC-Q-Exactive-MS/MS was used to rapidly analyze the chemical constituents of Meconopsis quintupli-nervia, and the anti-liver fibrosis mechanism of M. quintuplinervia was preliminarily analyzed by network pharmacology, molecular docking, and cell experiments. The chemical constituents of M. quintuplinervia were identified according to the information of MS~1 and MS~2, as well as the data in the literature and databases. SwissTargetPrediction and TargetNet were used to predict the potential targets. The targets related to liver fibrosis were collected from GeneCards and OMIM. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed by STRING. Cytoscape 3.6.1 was used to construct and analyze the "constituent-target-disease" network to obtain key targets and their corresponding constituents in the network. DAVID 6.8 was used for GO analysis and KEGG signaling pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, the preliminary verification was carried out by molecular docking and cell experiments. As a result, 106 chemical constituents were identified from M. quintuplinervia, including 66 flavonoids, 16 alkaloids, 18 phenolic acids, 1 anthocyanin, and 5 other constituents. Among them, 3 constituents were identified as potential new compounds, and 59 constituents were reported in M. quintuplinervia for the first time. Network pharmacology analysis showed that M. quintuplinervia presumably acted on AKT1, SRC, JUN, EGFR, STAT3, HSP90 AA1, MAPK3, and other core targets through luteolin, isorhamnetin, quercetin, apigenin, kaempferide, amurine, 2-methylflavinantine, allocryptopine, the multi and other active compounds, thereby regulating the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway, pathways in cancer, proteoglycans in cancer, FoxO signaling pathway, and other pathways to exert anti-liver fibrosis effects. M. quintuplinervia extract(MQE) could significantly down-regulate PI3 K and AKT protein levels in the HSC-T6 cell model induced by TGF-ß1, suggesting that MQE may have the ability to regulate the PI3 K/AKT signaling pathway. The findings of this study indicated that the anti-liver fibrosis effect of M. quintuplinervia had multi-constituent, multi-target, and multi-pathway characteristics, which may provide a scientific basis for the research on the pharmacodynamic materials, action mechanism, and quality markers of M. quintupli-nervia.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Papaveraceae , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Cirrose Hepática , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
16.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 1013891, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36533181

RESUMO

The dried and ripe fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla and ripe fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla Miquel (AO) have the effects of tonifying kidney-essence and nourishing intelligence and thus have been widely used in treating dementia. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a typical form of neurodegenerative dementia with kidney-essence deficiency in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). So far, there is a lack of systematic studies on the biological basis of tonifying kidney-essence and nourishing intelligence and the corresponding phytochemicals. In this study, we investigated the targets of AO in tonifying kidney-essence and nourishing intelligence based on the key pathophysiological processes of neurodegenerative dementia. According to ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry data and Lipinski's rule of five, 49 bioactive phytochemicals from AO were identified, and 26 of them were found to target 168 key molecules in the treatment of neurodegenerative dementia. Nine phytochemicals of AO were shown to target acetylcholinesterase (ACHE), and 19 phytochemicals were shown to target butyrylcholinesterase (BCHE). A database of neurodegenerative dementia with kidney-essence deficiency involving 731 genes was constructed. Furthermore, yakuchinone B, 5-hydroxy-1,7-bis (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) heptan-3-one (5-HYD), oxyhylladiketone, oxyphyllacinol, butyl-ß-D-fructopyranoside, dibutyl phthalate, chrysin, yakuchinone A, rhamnetin, and rhamnocitrin were identified as the key phytochemicals from AO that regulate the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative dementia in a multitargeted manner. The approach of studying the pharmacological mechanism underlying the effects of medicinal plants and the biological basis of TCM syndrome may be helpful in studying the translation of TCM.

17.
Sci Bull (Beijing) ; 67(3): 240-245, 2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36546072

RESUMO

To ensure a long-term quantum computational advantage, the quantum hardware should be upgraded to withstand the competition of continuously improved classical algorithms and hardwares. Here, we demonstrate a superconducting quantum computing systems Zuchongzhi 2.1, which has 66 qubits in a two-dimensional array in a tunable coupler architecture. The readout fidelity of Zuchongzhi 2.1 is considerably improved to an average of 97.74%. The more powerful quantum processor enables us to achieve larger-scale random quantum circuit sampling, with a system scale of up to 60 qubits and 24 cycles, and fidelity of FXEB=(3.66±0.345)×10-4. The achieved sampling task is about 6 orders of magnitude more difficult than that of Sycamore [Nature 574, 505 (2019)] in the classic simulation, and 3 orders of magnitude more difficult than the sampling task on Zuchongzhi 2.0 [arXiv:2106.14734 (2021)]. The time consumption of classically simulating random circuit sampling experiment using state-of-the-art classical algorithm and supercomputer is extended to tens of thousands of years (about 4.8×104 years), while Zuchongzhi 2.1 only takes about 4.2 h, thereby significantly enhancing the quantum computational advantage.

18.
Hellenic J Cardiol ; 2022 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) score is a powerful tool used to predict in-hospital mortality after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and does not include a glycometabolism-related index. We investigated whether the addition of the stress hyperglycemia ratio (SHR) provides incremental prognostic value in addition to the GRACE score. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of 613 AMI patients was enrolled in the present analyses. The patients were stratified according to the primary endpoint (in-hospital mortality) and the tertiles of the SHR. RESULTS: During hospitalization, 40 patients reached the primary endpoint, which was more frequently observed in patients with a higher SHR. The SHR, but not admission blood glucose (ABG), adjusted for the GRACE score independently predicted in-hospital mortality [odds ratio 2.5861; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.3910-4.8080; P = 0.0027]. The adjustment of the GRACE score by the SHR improved the predictive ability for in-hospital death (an increase in the C-statistic value from 0.787 to 0.814; net reclassification improvement, 0.6717, 95% CI 0.3665-0.977, P < 0.01; integrated discrimination improvement, 0.028, 95% CI 0.0066-0.0493, P = 0.01028). The likelihood ratio test showed that the SHR significantly improved the prognostic models, including the GRACE score. Adding the SHR to the GRACE score presented a larger net benefit across the range of in-hospital mortality risk than the GRACE score alone. CONCLUSION: The SHR, but not the ABG, is an independent predictor of in-hospital mortality after AMI even after adjusting for the GRACE score. The SHR improves the predictability and clinical usefulness of prognostic models containing the GRACE score.

19.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 21663, 2022 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522405

RESUMO

The human type II collagen (Col II), specifically expressed in chondrocytes, is a crucial component of the adult hyaline cartilage. We examine the potential of artificial induction of Col II in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) as a novel Col II provider. Human PBMNCs were purified and were treated with high doses of macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF), granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), or granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) and examined the Col II expression at indicated days. Quantitative Col II expression was validated by real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunocytochemistry, and flow cytometry. We demonstrate that monocytes in PBMNCs can be artificially induced to express both Col II proteins and M2 macrophage markers by the high concentration of colony-stimulating factors, especially M-CSF and GM-CSF. The Col II proteins were detected on the cell membrane and in the cytoplasm by flow cytometry and immunocytostaining. Combination with IL-4 provided a synergistic effect with M-CSF/GM-CSF to trigger Col II expression in M2 macrophages. These CD206 and Col II double-expressing cells, named modified macrophages, share M2 macrophages' anti-inflammatory potency. We demonstrated that the modified macrophages could significantly attenuate the inflammatory progress of Complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis and collagen-induced arthritis in rodents. Here, we provide the first evidence that a modified macrophage population could ectopically express Col II and control the progress of arthritis in animals.


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos , Animais , Humanos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/farmacologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Macrófagos/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo II/genética , Colágeno Tipo II/metabolismo , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fatores Estimuladores de Colônias/metabolismo , Artrite Experimental/metabolismo
20.
Korean J Neurotrauma ; 18(2): 316-323, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36381452

RESUMO

Objective: Gait impairment reduces a patient's quality of life. Exoskeletons and wearable robotics enable patients with gait disturbance to stand up and walk. An exoskeleton was developed for use in patients with stroke and spinal cord injuries. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of overground exoskeleton-assisted gait training (OEGT) in spine diseases with gait disturbance. Methods: This was a single-group preliminary study. Five participants with gait disorders because of root dysfunction accompanying spinal stenosis were included in this study. All participants underwent surgical treatment and an exoskeleton training protocol scheduled for 2 or 3 days per week for 4 weeks. Each session was 60 minutes. Clinical tests were performed before (T1) and at the end of the training (T2). Results: One patient dropped out of the study because of medical issues that were not associated with the exoskeleton. Exoskeleton-assisted rehabilitation was feasible for all participants. All participants showed positive changes in gait performance, balance, proximal muscle strength, psychological state, and satisfaction with the rehabilitation. However, there was no significant improvement in neurological deficits. Conclusion: OEGT is a feasible rehabilitation method for patients with gait disorders caused by degenerative spinal disease.

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