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1.
J Med Microbiol ; 69(2): 244-248, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958047

RESUMO

Introduction. Mycoplasma genitalium is a sexually transmitted organism with high levels of resistance to the recommended first-line therapy, azithromycin. The ResistancePlus MG test concurrently detects M. genitalium, and the presence of macrolide-resistance mutations (MRM). European, UK and Australian guidelines recommend a diagnostic test that reports MRM to optimize treatment through resistance-guided therapy. Hence, for samples collected for use on other platforms, reflex testing using the ResistancePlus MG test would be beneficial.Aim. To validate the ResistancePlus MG assay using samples collected in Aptima buffer for testing on the Hologic Panther.Methodology. Positive (n=99) and negative (n=229) clinical samples collected in Aptima buffer were extracted on the MagNA Pure 96 (Roche Diagnostics), and tested with the ResistancePlus MG test on the LightCycler 480 II (Roche Diagnostics). Results were compared to matched samples collected using standard sample collection (urine or swab resuspended in PBS), with positive percent agreement (PPA), negative percent agreement (NPA) and Cohen's Kappa statistic.Results. The ResistancePlus MG test had high performance with a 200 µl input volume (PPA/NPA for M. genitalium detection, 92.9 % [95 % confidence interval (CI): 85.5-96.9]/100 % [95 % CI: 97.9-100], MRM detection, 96.9 % [95 % CI: 88.2-99.5]/85.7 % [95 % CI: 66.4-95.3]) and for 1 ml input volume (PPA/NPA for M. genitalium detection, 95.9%/96.6%, MRM detection, 98.4%/90.3%). Samples remained positive after storage at room temperature beyond the manufacturer-recommended storage of <60 days (mean storage time for 1 ml extraction: 129 days).Conclusion. Samples collected using Aptima collection kits are suitable for reflex testing using the ResistancePlus MG test, allowing detection of macrolide resistance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Mycoplasma genitalium/isolamento & purificação , Austrália , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/instrumentação , Humanos , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Manejo de Espécimes
2.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 25(4): 719-727, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882306

RESUMO

During 2016-2017, we tested asymptomatic men who have sex with men (MSM) in Melbourne, Australia, for Mycoplasma genitalium and macrolide resistance mutations in urine and anorectal swab specimens by using PCR. We compared M. genitalium detection rates for those asymptomatic men to those for MSM with proctitis and nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) over the same period. Of 1,001 asymptomatic MSM, 95 had M. genitalium; 84.2% were macrolide resistant, and 17% were co-infected with Neisseria gonorrhoeae or Chlamydia trachomatis. Rectal positivity for M. genitalium was 7.0% and urine positivity was 2.7%. M. genitalium was not more commonly detected in the rectums of MSM (n = 355, 5.6%) with symptoms of proctitis over the same period but was more commonly detected in MSM (n = 1,019, 8.1%) with NGU. M. genitalium is common and predominantly macrolide-resistant in asymptomatic MSM. M. genitalium is not associated with proctitis in this population.


Assuntos
Homossexualidade Masculina , Infecções por Mycoplasma/diagnóstico , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium , Doenças Bacterianas Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Bacterianas Sexualmente Transmissíveis/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Coinfecção , Estudos Transversais , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por Mycoplasma/epidemiologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/transmissão , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Doenças Bacterianas Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Bacterianas Sexualmente Transmissíveis/transmissão , Avaliação de Sintomas
3.
Emerg Infect Dis ; 24(2): 328-335, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29350154

RESUMO

High levels of macrolide resistance and increasing fluoroquinolone resistance are found in Mycoplasma genitalium in many countries. We evaluated pristinamycin for macrolide-resistant M. genitalium in a sexual health center in Australia. Microbiologic cure was determined by M. genitalium-specific 16S PCR 14-90 days after treatment began. Of 114 persons treated with pristinamycin, infection was cured in 85 (75%). This percentage did not change when pristinamycin was given at daily doses of 2 g or 4 g or at 3 g combined with 200 mg doxycycline. In infections with higher pretreatment bacterial load, treatment was twice as likely to fail for each 1 log10 increase in bacterial load. Gastrointestinal side effects occurred in 7% of patients. Pristinamycin at maximum oral dose, or combined with doxycycline, cured 75% of macrolide-resistant M. genitalium infections. Pristinamycin is well-tolerated and remains an option where fluoroquinolones have failed or cannot be used.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Macrolídeos/farmacologia , Infecções por Mycoplasma/tratamento farmacológico , Mycoplasma genitalium/efeitos dos fármacos , Pristinamicina/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Infecções por Mycoplasma/microbiologia , Mycoplasma genitalium/genética
5.
J Couns Psychol ; 64(3): 292-301, 2017 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28240918

RESUMO

Research using Western samples shows that talking about unpleasant emotions-distress disclosure-is associated with fewer psychological symptoms and higher well-being. These benefits of distress disclosure may or may not be observed in East Asia where emotional control is valued. Instead, mindfulness may be more relevant to emotion regulation in East Asia (e.g., Taiwan). In the present study, cultural context (Taiwanese nationals vs. European Americans) and mindfulness were examined as moderators of the relation between distress disclosure and both depression symptoms and life satisfaction. A sample of 256 Taiwanese college students and a sample of 209 European American college students completed self-report measures in their native language. Moderated multiple regression analyses revealed significant interaction effects of mindfulness and distress disclosure on both depression symptoms and life satisfaction for Taiwanese participants but not for European Americans. Specifically, distress disclosure was negatively associated with depression symptoms and positively associated with life satisfaction for Taiwanese low in mindfulness but not for Taiwanese high in mindfulness. For European Americans, distress disclosure was not associated with depression symptoms but was associated with higher life satisfaction, regardless of one's level of mindfulness. These findings suggest that the potential benefits of disclosing distress are a function of one's cultural context as well as, for those from Taiwan, one's mindfulness. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/psicologia , Atenção Plena , Autorrevelação , Adolescente , Transtorno Depressivo/etnologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Extremo Oriente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes/psicologia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 23(3): 435-444, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28125241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the interaction of parental socialization about discrimination and social dominance orientation (SDO) in predicting the cultural identity and intergroup attitudes of the Minnanese, an ethnic group in Taiwan that faced systematic discrimination during the early decades of Chinese Nationalist rule. Because high SDO individuals tend to support group-based dominance, we hypothesized that under high preparation for bias, which may reinforce narratives that place the historically disadvantaged Taiwanese in a subordinate position, Minnanese high in SDO would identify less with Taiwanese and more with Chinese (the historically high-status outgroup) compared with their low SDO counterparts. METHOD: We examined our hypotheses using a sample of Minnanese (N = 365; 183 women, 182 men; average age = 44.35) who participated in a nationally representative survey of Taiwanese adults. RESULTS: As predicted, among Minnanese exposed to high levels of preparation for bias, those with high SDO expressed greater levels of Chinese identification and more favorable attitudes toward Chinese than their low SDO counterparts (no difference was found in attitudes toward Taiwanese). Among Minnanese exposed to low levels of preparation for bias, SDO predicted neither Chinese nor Taiwanese identity. Moreover, the interaction effect of preparation for bias and SDO on attitudes toward Chinese was mediated by Chinese identity. CONCLUSION: Using a unique, non-Western sample, this study demonstrated the role that parental socialization about past discrimination, in combination with belief in group-based dominance, plays in the construction of group identity and intergroup attitudes among members of historically disadvantaged ethnic groups. (PsycINFO Database Record


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Pais/psicologia , Discriminação Social/psicologia , Predomínio Social , Identificação Social , Socialização , Adulto , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Discriminação Social/estatística & dados numéricos , Taiwan
7.
PLoS One ; 11(11): e0167053, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27880826

RESUMO

Previous research suggests that reputational concerns can incentivize cooperation and deter socially deviant behavior. The current research showed that social monitoring of information that has the potential to damage one's reputation has differential effects on deviant behavior in social-ecological environments that vary in level of mobility. Study 1 showed that residentially stable cities that employed more journalists-who can be regarded as social monitoring agents in a community-tended to have lower rates of violent crime than residentially stable cities that employed fewer journalists; by contrast, in residentially mobile cities, violent crime rates did not vary as a function of the number of journalists employed. In Study 2, we found that individual differences in perceptions of relational mobility moderated the effects of social monitoring on cheating in a die-under-cup game. Specifically, social monitoring cues reduced the likelihood of cheating but only among participants who perceived their immediate social environment to be low in relational mobility. The same results were replicated in Study 3, an experiment in which participants' perception of relational mobility was manipulated before completing an online maze game that allowed them to earn extra cash. In the low mobility condition, the percentage of participants who continued working on the mazes after reaching the time limit decreased as a function of social monitoring; however, this pattern was not observed in the high mobility condition. Together, our findings suggest that socioecological context matters for understanding effective mechanisms of social control.


Assuntos
Crime , Jogos Experimentais , Jornalismo , Controle Social Formal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos
8.
Pers Soc Psychol Bull ; 42(6): 703-22, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27029574

RESUMO

Four studies investigated ideal standards for one's marital partner and relationship held by Taiwan Chinese and European Americans. We first generated a list of attributes that tapped lay representations of marriage ideals based on free responses from Chinese and European Americans, and we uncovered attributes describing extended family that were overlooked in Western research (Study 1). We found similar ideal knowledge structures across the two cultural groups; importantly, Chinese prioritized ideals denoting financial resources and extended family to a greater extent than did European Americans (Study 2). These cultural differences were explained by interdependent self-construal (Study 3). Finally, the agreement between ideals and perceptions of current partner/relationship was related to positive relationship outcomes in both cultural groups (Study 4). Our research highlights both cultural similarities and differences in the content, structure, endorsement, and evaluative functions of ideals in Chinese and Western cultural contexts.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Relações Interpessoais , Casamento/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Cônjuges/psicologia , Taiwan , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
9.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 21(3): 477-85, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25111548

RESUMO

The present study adopted a within-country approach to investigate the relation of cultural distance to general creativity and math creativity in Taiwan. First, we conducted a pilot study of 201 young adolescents with parents from one of the 3 largest subethnic groups in Taiwan, namely Min-nan Taiwanese, Ha-kka Taiwanese, and Outside-Province Taiwanese. The results revealed that young Taiwanese adolescents perceived the cultural distance between Min-nan Taiwanese and Outside-Province Taiwanese as larger than the cultural distance between the other subethnic groups. The main study revealed that 610 young adolescents from large cultural distance families (i.e., those comprising 1 Min-nan Taiwanese parent and 1 Outside-Province Taiwanese parent) outperformed those from small cultural distance families (i.e., those comprising 2 Min-nan Taiwanese parents, and those comprising 1 Min-nan Taiwanese parent and 1 Ha-kka Taiwanese parent) on both general creativity and math creativity. This pattern remained even after controlling for family socioeconomic status, parents' education level, and adolescents' school mathematical performance. Implications and limitations are discussed.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Diversidade Cultural , Relações Pais-Filho/etnologia , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Taiwan
10.
Cogn Emot ; 28(7): 1313-27, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24484435

RESUMO

Findings from past research have suggested a link between experiential avoidance and expressive suppression. However, there is emerging evidence showing that the suppression of emotional expression may have different meanings depending on the specific cultural context. Taking a cultural perspective, the present study aimed to examine whether the link between experiential avoidance and expressive suppression is comparable or divergent between two cultural groups [i.e., European Americans (EAs) and Chinese (CH)] with different cultural norms surrounding emotional expression. We hypothesised that the positive association between experiential avoidance and expressive suppression typically found among EAs would be attenuated among CH. Furthermore, the observed cultural group difference in the experiential avoidance-suppression link was hypothesised to be mediated by beliefs in emotional self-control. Data from 224 EA college students and 190 CH college students provided a clear pattern of support for our hypotheses. Implications for current theories on experiential avoidance are discussed.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Emoções , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/psicologia , Repressão Psicológica , China/etnologia , Europa (Continente)/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos
11.
J Couns Psychol ; 60(4): 625-633, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23978268

RESUMO

Based on Markus and Kitayama's (1991) theory, this study was conducted to examine whether the association between emotional suppression and interpersonal harmony would be moderated by cultural group (i.e., Chinese and European Americans) and an Asian cultural value (i.e., emotional self-control). A total of 451 college students (205 Chinese and 246 European Americans) participated in this study. As expected, results indicated that the association between emotional suppression and interpersonal harmony was significantly positive for Chinese but not significant for European Americans. Similarly, when emotional self-control was examined as a moderator, the results still confirmed our hypotheses. That is, the association between emotional suppression and interpersonal harmony was significantly positive for those with stronger endorsement of emotional self-control but not for those with weaker endorsement of emotional self-control. Furthermore, we examined whether the above results could be replicated when forbearance (a construct similar to suppression) and distress disclosure (a construct opposite to suppression) were examined. The results showed the same pattern for forbearance and distress disclosure when cultural group or emotional self-control served as the moderator. The convergence of findings increased the robustness of our results. Finally, our data suggest that individuals from Eastern, interdependent cultures (e.g., Chinese) tend to value emotional suppression to preserve interpersonal harmony; individuals from Western, independent cultures may or may not necessarily suppress their emotions for this purpose. A comprehensive understanding of the different meanings of a specific strategy (i.e., emotional suppression) in different cultural contexts is important to promote effective cross-cultural counseling.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Emoções/fisiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Adolescente , Adulto , Americanos Asiáticos/etnologia , Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Couns Psychol ; 60(3): 453-61, 2013 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23544839

RESUMO

This study was conducted to examine under what situation (i.e., when individuals used more or less family support) and for whom (i.e., those with high or low self-esteem) perceived racial discrimination would or would not have a significant positive association with psychological distress. A total of 95 Asian American male college students completed an online survey. A hierarchical regression analysis indicated a significant 3-way interaction of family support, self-esteem, and perceived racial discrimination in predicting psychological distress after controlling for perceived general stress. A simple effect analysis was used to explore the nature of the interaction. When Asian American male college students used more family support to cope with racial discrimination, the association between perceived racial discrimination and psychological distress was not significant for those with high or low self-esteem. The result from the simple interaction indicated that, when more family support was used, the 2 slopes for high and low self-esteem were not significantly different from each other. Conversely, when they used less family support, the association between perceived racial discrimination and psychological distress was not significant for those with high self-esteem, but was significantly positive for those with low self-esteem. The result from the simple interaction indicated that, when less family support was used, the slopes for high and low self-esteem were significantly different. The result suggested that low use of family support may put these male students with low self-esteem at risk for psychological distress. Limitations, future research directions, and clinical implications were discussed.


Assuntos
Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Racismo/psicologia , Autoimagem , Apoio Social , Estudantes/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos , Racismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 17(4): 415-26, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21823785

RESUMO

This three-study investigation examined risk and protective factors for poor academic performance among Asian American first-year undergraduates. Students were surveyed prior to starting college and their GPA was collected after their first semester in college. Family conflict as a significant risk factor for poor academic performance was examined in all three studies. The results indicate that higher family conflict prior to college was related to lower first-semester college GPA, after controlling for standardized test scores and high school rank (Studies 1-3). Even though psychological distress was related to both family conflict and GPA, it did not mediate the relationship between family conflict and GPA (Studies 2 and 3). In terms of protective factors, the results indicate that life satisfaction buffered the negative effects of family conflict on first-semester college GPA (Study 3). Together, these findings support the need to take into account family variables and psychological well-being in the academic performance of Asian American students as they transition from high school to college.


Assuntos
Logro , Americanos Asiáticos/psicologia , Avaliação Educacional , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , California , Estudos Transversais , Características da Família , Conflito Familiar/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Estatísticos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Resiliência Psicológica , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
14.
Psychol Sci ; 20(1): 59-65, 2009 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19152541

RESUMO

Did the September 11 terrorist attacks elicit a subsequent increase in traffic fatalities? Gigerenzer (2004) argued that decreases in flying and increases in driving in the 3 months after the attacks led to 353 "surplus" traffic fatalities. We applied a more systematic analysis to the same data and found no evidence of a significant increase in miles driven or of a significant increase in traffic fatalities. However, we did find evidence for a regional effect of the attacks on driving behaviors. We hypothesized that geographic proximity to the attacks increased stress, which in turn decreased driving quality. Our analyses revealed that in the last 3 months of 2001, the Northeast exhibited a significant increase in traffic fatalities, as well as a significant increase in fatal accidents involving an alcohol- or drug-related citation. Increased stress related to physical proximity to the attacks may explain the increase in traffic fatalities.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Condução de Veículo/psicologia , Condução de Veículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Ataques Terroristas de 11 de Setembro/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Aeronaves/estatística & dados numéricos , Intoxicação Alcoólica/mortalidade , Estudos Transversais , Cultura , Medo , Humanos , Controle Interno-Externo , Julgamento , Mid-Atlantic Region , New England , Probabilidade , Medição de Risco , Estatística como Assunto , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/mortalidade , Viagem/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
J Clin Lipidol ; 3(2): 78-84, 2009 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21291796

RESUMO

Abstract. The growing trend of childhood overweight and obesity is a major health concern worldwide. Although obesity is a key risk factor for cardiovascular disease, the etiologic link between obesity and the progression of vascular disease remains unknown. Traditionally, lowering fasting blood cholesterol concentration has been the main interventional target for decreasing the risk of heart disease. However, there is increasing evidence that elevated concentrations of intestinally-derived chylomicron particles are associated with cardiovascular disease risk and that this is particularly evident in insulin-resistance and obesity in adulthood. In this review we comment on recent evidence suggesting that overweight children have fasting chylomicron concentrations equivalent to that found in adults diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. Further, we consider the hypothesis that fasting and postprandial chylomicron metabolism has a central role in the genesis of cardiovascular disease during childhood obesity.

17.
J Pers Soc Psychol ; 93(5): 831-44, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17983303

RESUMO

The authors conducted 3 studies to test a socioecological model of procommunity action. Study 1 showed that residents of stable communities purchased a "critical habitat" license plate to support preservation of the environment in their home state more often than did residents of mobile communities. Study 2 demonstrated that home game baseball attendance was less dependent on the team's record in stable cities than in mobile cities. Study 3, an experiment, showed that residential stability had a causal impact on procommunity behavior. Moreover, the effect of stability was partially mediated by identification with the "community." Together, these studies indicate that residential stability can lead to stronger identification with one's community, which, in turn, leads to more procommunity behaviors.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Escolha , Ecossistema , Saúde Ambiental , Modelos Psicológicos , Dinâmica Populacional , Beisebol , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
18.
Can Assoc Radiol J ; 57(3): 159-68, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16881473

RESUMO

Spontaneous rupture is an uncommon and potentially fatal complication of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), occurring in approximately 15% of patients with HCC in Asia and 3% in the United Kingdom.3 The prognosis for hemorrhage of HCC is poor, particularly in those patients with underlying cirrhosis and severe coagulopathy. Computed tomography (CT) rather than angiography is the first-line modality for the detection of rupture. CT can confirm the diagnosis of ruptured HCC and can also help in assessing other organs if the diagnosis is not clear prior to imaging. It allows for an assessment of the entire liver, including the portal vein, which aids in determining the feasibility of embolization and resection. Since the rate of bleeding must normally exceed 1 mL/min before it can be detected on angiography and the extravasation of contrast is present in less than 20% of cases, CT is a more helpful modality. The optimal CT protocol for this condition is triphasic: the precontrast phase allows for assessment of ethiodized oil (lipiodol) uptake, the arterial phase demonstrates enhancement of the mass, and the portal venous phase allows for assessment of the portal veins. Various treatment options have been proposed: transarterial catheter embolization (TACE), emergency liver resection, and delayed resection. Surgical treatment is difficult, if not impossible. In most cases, rupture is a result of diffuse intrahepatic spread of the tumour and underlying liver cirrhosis. Many authors have concluded that a multidisciplinary management that includes TACE as the primary procedure followed by a delayed resection is the preferred treatment. This pictorial essay reviews the radiologic features of spontaneously ruptured HCC on CT imaging and of treatment by angiography.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Intervencionista , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Esponja de Gelatina Absorvível/uso terapêutico , Hemostáticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Álcool de Polivinil/uso terapêutico , Ruptura Espontânea , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Can J Diet Pract Res ; 67(1): 14-8, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16515743

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify definitions of healthy eating in terms of food characteristics, eating behaviours, barriers, and benefits in university students. METHODS: Four focus groups were conducted; verbatim transcripts were analyzed and coded using qualitative methods. Participants were nine students of dietetics and six students of other subjects. All were females in their third or fourth year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). RESULTS: Participants often described healthy eating as consuming all food groups of Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating, with the associated notions of moderation and balance. Benefits of healthy eating were cited as a healthy weight, good physical appearance, feeling better, preventing disease, and achieving personal satisfaction. Barriers to healthy eating included lack of time, choice, taste preferences, and finances. There was some discrepancy between what the dietetics students perceived as barriers for clients (e.g., lack of information), and barriers the potential clients (other students) perceived for themselves. CONCLUSIONS: As dietitians, we must try to understand our clients' definitions of healthy eating and their barriers to achieving it, which likely differ from our own.


Assuntos
Dieta/psicologia , Ingestão de Alimentos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Adulto , Colúmbia Britânica , Dietética , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Preferências Alimentares , Humanos , Percepção , Estudantes
20.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 185(4): 1036-44, 2005 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16177429

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this pictorial essay is to review the different imaging techniques used for diagnosing small-bowel obstruction. CONCLUSION: Small-bowel obstruction is a common presentation, for which safe and effective management depends on a rapid and accurate diagnosis. Conventional radiographs remain the first line of imaging. CT is used increasingly more because it provides essential diagnostic information not apparent from radiographs. MRI may play a role in the future as technology improves and it becomes more readily available.


Assuntos
Abdome Agudo/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Obstrução Intestinal/diagnóstico , Intestino Delgado , Meios de Contraste , Humanos
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