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1.
J Hazard Mater ; : 121461, 2019 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685320

RESUMO

Sulfur-containing materials are very attractive for the efficient decontamination of some heavy metals. However, the effective and irreversible removal of Cd2+, coupled with a high uptake efficiency, remains a great challenge due to the relatively low bond dissociation energy of CdS. Herein, we propose a new strategy to overcome this challenge, by the incorporation of Cd2+ into a stable ZnxCd1-xS solid solution, rather than into CdS. This can be realised through the adsorption of Cd2+ by ZnS nanoparticles, which have exhibited a Cd2+ uptake capacity of approximate 400 mg g-1. Through this adsorption mechanism, the Cd2+ concentration in a contaminated solution could effectively be reduced from 50 ppb to <3 ppb, a WHO limit acceptable for drinking water. In addition, ZnS continued to exhibit this noteworthy uptake capacity even in the presence of Cu2+, Pb2+, and Hg2+. ZnS displayed high chemical stability. Particles aged in air for 3 months still retained a> 80% uptake capacity for Cd2+, compared with only 9% uptake capacity for similarly-aged FeS particles. This work reveals a new mechanism for Cd2+ removal with ZnS and establishes a valuable starting point for further studies into the formation of solid solutions for hazardous heavy metal removal applications.

2.
Stem Cells ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721342

RESUMO

The tunica adventitia ensheathes arteries and veins and contains presumptive mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) involved in vascular remodeling. We show here that a subset of human adventitial cells express the CD10/CALLA cell surface metalloprotease. Both CD10+ and CD10- adventitial cells displayed phenotypic features of MSCs when expanded in culture. However, CD10+ adventitial cells exhibited higher proliferation, clonogenic and osteogenic potentials in comparison to their CD10- counterparts. CD10+ adventitial cells increased expression of the cell cycle protein CCND2 via ERK1/2 signaling and osteoblastogenic gene expression via NF-κB signaling. CD10 expression was upregulated in adventitial cells through Sonic hedgehog-mediated GLI1 signaling. These results suggest that CD10, which marks rapidly dividing cells in other normal and malignant cell lineages, plays a role in perivascular MSC function and cell fate specification. These findings also point to a role for CD10+ perivascular cells in vascular remodeling and calcification. © AlphaMed Press 2019 SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Perivascular adventitial cells include multipotent progenitor cells giving rise in culture to mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells. The present data show that a subset of human adventitial cells natively express the CD10 surface marker, regulated by Sonic hedgehog/GLI1 signaling. Purified CD10+ adventitial cells exhibit high proliferative, clonogenic and osteogenic potentials, suggesting a role in pathologic vascular remodeling.

3.
Br J Pharmacol ; 2019 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655022

RESUMO

Background And Purpose Growing evidence indicates targeting mitochondrial dynamics and biogenesis could accelerate recovery from renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Transcription factor forkhead box O1 (FOXO1) is a key regulator of mitochondrial homeostasis and plays a pathologic role in the progression of renal disease. Experimental Approach A mouse model of renal I/R injury and a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury model for human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK2s) were used. Key Results I/R injury up-regulated renal expression of FOXO1, and treatment with FOXO1-selective inhibitor AS1842856 prior to I/R injury decreased serum urea nitrogen, serum creatinine and the tubular damage score after injury. Post-I/R injury AS1842856 treatment could also ameliorate renal function and improve the survival rate of mice following injury. AS1842856 administration reduced mitochondrial mediated apoptosis, suppressed the overproduction of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) and accelerated recovery of ATP both in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, FOXO1 inhibition improved mitochondrial biogenesis and suppressed mitophagy. Expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α), a master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis, was down-regulated in both I/R and H/R injury, which could be abrogated by FOXO1 inhibition. Experiments using integrated bioinformatics analysis and coimmunoprecipitation established that FOXO1 inhibited PGC-1α transcription by competing with CREB for its binding to transcriptional coactivators CREBBP/EP300 (CBP/P300). Conclusion And Implications These findings suggested that FOXO1 was critical to maintain mitochondrial function in renal tubular epithelial cells and FOXO1 may serve as a therapeutic target for pharmacologic intervention in renal.

4.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(4): 613-617, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607825

RESUMO

All too often the quality and rigor of topic investigations is inaccurately conveyed to information professionals, resulting in a mischaracterization of the research, which, if left unchecked and published, may in turn mislead potential readers. Accurately understanding and categorizing the types of topic investigation searches that are requested of information professionals is critical to both meeting requestors' needs and reflecting their intended methodological approaches. Information professionals' expertise can be an invaluable resource to guide users through the investigative and publication process.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31661043

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic bacterium, designated CPCC 204705T, was isolated from a desert soil sample, collected from the Badain Jaran desert. Growth of strain CPCC 204705T was observed at pH 6.0-8.0 and 15-37 °C, with optimal growth at 28 °C and pH 7.0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain CPCC 204705T belonged to the genus Cellulomonas, showing the highest similarity (98.54 %) of 16S rRNA gene sequence to Cellulomonas oligotrophica JCM 17534T. The peptidoglycan type was A4ß, containing d-ornithine and d-glutamic acids as diagnostic amino acids. Rhamnose and galactose were detected in the whole-cell hydrolysate as diagnostic sugars. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 1A, C14 : 0 and C16 : 0. The major menaquinone was MK-9 (H4) and the polar lipid system contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside, one unidentified lipid, one unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified aminophospholipids. The DNA-DNA hybridization value between strain CPCC 204705T and C. oligotrophica JCM 17534T was 7.1±0.4 %, and the value of average nucleotide identity between these two strains was 79.8 %. The DNA G+C content of strain CPCC 204705T was 75.4 mol%. Based on the results of physiological experiments, chemotaxonomic data, phylogenetic analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization value, strain CPCC 204705T should be classified as a novel Cellulomonas species. The name Cellulomonas telluris sp. nov. is proposed, with strain CPCC 204705T (=DSM 105430T=KCTC 39974T) as the type strain.

6.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14385, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31591443

RESUMO

We sought to identify candidate biomarkers for early brain metastasis (BM) recurrence in patients who underwent craniotomy followed by adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery. RNA sequencing was performed on eight resected brain metastasis tissue samples and revealed B-cell related genes to be highly expressed in patients who did not experience a distant brain failure and had prolonged overall survival. To translate the findings from RNA sequencing data, we performed immunohistochemistry to stain for B and T cell markers from formalin-fixed parffin-embedded tissue blocks on 13 patients. CD138 expressing plasma cells were identified and quantitatively assessed for each tumor sample. Patients' tumor tissues that expressed high levels of CD138 plasma cells (N = 4) had a statistically significant improvement in OS compared to low levels of CD138 (N = 9) (p = 0.01). Although these findings are preliminary, the significance of CD138 expressing plasma cells within BM specimens should be investigated in a larger cohort. Immunologic markers based on resection cavity analysis could be predictive for determining patient outcomes following cavity-directed SRS.

7.
J Craniofac Surg ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634308

RESUMO

Cutaneous lymphangioma circumscriptum (CLC) is an uncommon congenital lymphatic malformation. Its dermoscopic features have been reported, however, if blood has infiltrated the lacunas, a pink hue overwhelms the lacunar structures, rendering dermoscopic features indistinguishable. In addition, dermoscopy cannot assess the subcutaneous extent of the lesion before surgery. The high-frequency array transducer Sonography with a high-frequency transducer is excellent in its resolution to evaluate skin lesions and is unaffected by infiltration of blood. Here, the authors report the use of ultrasound (color Doppler and pulse wave Doppler) for the diagnosis and management of CLC.An 18-year-old man presented 10 years previously with an asymptomatic 0.5 × 0.7 cm cluster of dark reddish vesicular lesions on his buttock. The lesions had recently increased in size and number. There was associated pachyderma. The lesions were hyperechoic and well defined on grayscale ultrasound and hypervascular on color Doppler ultrasound. Cluster cystics of lymphatic spaces were found throughout the whole dermis, especially in the papillary dermis. The lymphatic channels extended downwards to the reticular dermis and the superficial layer of the subcutaneous tissue. The pathological findings revealed lymphangiomas invading the subcutaneous tissue. The flat endothelial cells were partly positive for D2-40, which is a marker of lymphatic endothelial cells. Ultrasound was able to delineate the margins of the lesions. Diagnosis of CLC using preoperative color Doppler and pulse wave Doppler could reduce unnecessary repeated pre- and postoperative biopsies.

8.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31515729

RESUMO

Intrauterine adhesion (IUA) is a common cause of uterine infertility and one of the most severe clinical features is endometrial fibrosis namely endometrial scarring for which there are few cures currently. Blocked angiogenesis is the main pathological change in the scarred endometrium. The fibroblast growth factor 2 (bFGF), a member of FGF family, is usually applied to promote healing of refractory ulcer and contributes to angiogenesis of tissues. In this study, the sustained-release system of bFGF 100 µg was administrated around scarred endometrium guiding by ultrasound every 4 weeks in 18 patients (2-4 times). Results showed that after treatment, the menstrual blood volume, endometrial thickness and the scarred endometrial area were improved. Histological study showed blood vessel density increased obviously. Three patients (3/18) achieved pregnancy over 20 gestational weeks. Therefore, administrating the bFGF surrounding scarred endometrium may provide a new therapeutic approach for the patients with endometrial fibrosis.

9.
Radiother Oncol ; 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526671

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Brain metastasis velocity (BMV) is a prognostic metric that describes the recurrence rate of new brain metastases after initial treatment with radiosurgery (SRS). We have previously risk stratified patients into high, intermediate, and low-risk BMV groups, which correlates with overall survival (OS). We sought to externally validate BMV in a multi-institutional setting. METHODS: Patients from nine academic centers were treated with upfront SRS; the validation cohort consisted of data from eight institutions not previously used to define BMV. Patients were classified by BMV into low (<4 BMV), intermediate (4-13 BMV), and high-risk groups (>13 BMV). Time-to-event outcomes were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards methods were used to estimate the effect of BMV and salvage modality on OS. RESULTS: Of 2829 patients, 2092 patients were included in the validation dataset. Of these, 921 (44.0%) experienced distant brain failure (DBF). Median OS from initial SRS was 11.2 mo. Median OS for BMV < 4, BMV 4-13, and BMV > 13 were 12.5 mo, 7.0 mo, and 4.6 mo (p < 0.0001). After multivariate regression modeling, melanoma histology (ß: 10.10, SE: 1.89, p < 0.0001) and number of initial brain metastases (ß: 1.52, SE: 0.34, p < 0.0001) remained predictive of BMV (adjusted R2 = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: This multi-institutional dataset validates BMV as a predictor of OS following initial SRS. BMV is being utilized in upcoming multi-institutional randomized controlled trials as a stratification variable for salvage whole brain radiation versus salvage SRS after DBF.

10.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 386, 2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481087

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a deadly urological tumor that remains largely incurable. Our limited understanding of key molecular mechanisms underlying RCC invasion and metastasis has hampered efforts to identify molecular drivers with therapeutic potential. With evidence from our previous study revealing that nuclear overexpression of YBX1 is associated with RCC T stage and metastasis, we investigated the effects of YBX1 in RCC migration, invasion, and adhesion, and then characterized its interaction with RCC-associated proteins G3BP1 and SPP1. METHODS: Renal cancer cell lines, human embryonic kidney cells, and clinical samples were analyzed to investigate the functional role of YBX1 in RCC metastasis. YBX1 knockdown cells were established via lentiviral infection and subjected to adhesion, transwell migration, and invasion assay. Microarray, immunoprecipitation, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and classical biochemical assays were applied to characterize the mechanism of YBX1 interaction with RCC-associated proteins G3BP1 and SPP1. RESULTS: Knockdown of YBX1 in RCC cells dramatically inhibited cell adhesion, migration, and invasion. Mechanistic investigations revealed that YBX1 interaction with G3BP1 upregulated their downstream target SPP1 in vitro and in vivo, which led to an activated NF-κB signaling pathway. Meanwhile, knockdown of SPP1 rescued the YBX1/G3BP1-mediated activation of NF-κB signaling pathway, and RCC cell migration and invasion. We further showed that YBX1 expression was positively correlated with G3BP1 and SPP1 expression levels in clinical RCC samples. CONCLUSIONS: YBX1 interacts with G3BP1 to promote metastasis of RCC by activating the YBX1/G3BP1-SPP1-NF-κB signaling axis.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483567

RESUMO

Biomaterials provide novel platforms to deliver stem cell and growth factor therapies for central nervous system (CNS) repair. The majority of these approaches have focused on the promotion of neural progenitor cells and neurogenesis. However, it is now increasingly recognized that glial responses are critical for recovery in the entire neurovascular unit. In this study, we investigated the cellular effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) containing hydrogels on primary astrocyte cultures. Both EGF alone and EGF-hydrogel equally promoted astrocyte proliferation, but EGF-hydrogels further enhanced astrocyte activation, as evidenced by a significantly elevated Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) gene expression. Thereafter, conditioned media from astrocytes activated by EGF-hydrogel protected neurons against injury and promoted synaptic plasticity after oxygen-glucose deprivation. Taken together, these findings suggest that EGF-hydrogels can shift astrocytes into neuro-supportive phenotypes. Consistent with this idea, quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) demonstrated that EGF-hydrogels shifted astrocytes in part by downregulating potentially negative A1-like genes (Fbln5 and Rt1-S3) and upregulating potentially beneficial A2-like genes (Clcf1, Tgm1, and Ptgs2). Further studies are warranted to explore the idea of using biomaterials to modify astrocyte behavior and thus indirectly augment neuroprotection and neuroplasticity in the context of stem cell and growth factor therapies for the CNS. Stem Cells Translational Medicine 2019.

12.
Neurotherapeutics ; 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520306

RESUMO

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) has been implicated in ischemic stroke pathology. We examined the prognostic significance of LTB4 levels in patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction and their mechanisms in rat stroke models. In ischemic stroke patients with middle cerebral artery infarction, plasma LTB4 levels were found to increase rapidly, roughly doubling within 24 h when compared to initial post-stroke levels. Further analyses indicate that poor functional recovery is associated with early and more sustained increase in LTB4 rather than the peak levels. Results from studies using a rat embolic stroke model showed increased 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) expression in the ipsilateral infarcted cortex compared with sham control or respective contralateral regions at 24 h post-stroke with a concomitant increase in LTB4 levels. In addition, neutrophil influx was also observed in the infarcted cortex. Double immunostaining indicated that neutrophils express 5-LOX and leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H), highlighting the pivotal contributions of neutrophils as a source of LTB4. Importantly, rise in plasma LTB4 levels corresponded with an increase in LTB4 amount in the infarcted cortex, thereby supporting the use of plasma as a surrogate for brain LTB4 levels. Pre-stroke LTB4 loading increased brain infarct volume in tMCAO rats. Conversely, administration of the 5-LOX-activating protein (FLAP) inhibitor BAY-X1005 or B-leukotriene receptor (BLTR) antagonist LY255283 decreased the infarct volume by a similar extent. To conclude, targeted interruption of the LTB4 pathway might be a viable treatment strategy for acute ischemic stroke.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498603

RESUMO

Bis[o-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]dithiophosphinate is a sulfur-donating ligand capable of providing the largest reported trivalent lanthanide (Ln3+)-actinide (An3+) group separation factors. Literature has shown that the placement and number of the -CF3 functionalities on the aryl rings proximate to the ligating sulfur atoms can significantly impact Ln3+-An3+ extraction and separation factors, but the complexation thermodynamics of -CF3-derivatized aryldithiophosphinates have not been considered to date. This systematic study considers the complexation of three CF3-substituted aryldithiophosphinates-bis(phenyl)dithiophosphinate (LI), [o-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl](phenyl)dithiophosphinate (LII), and bis[o-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]dithiophosphinate (LIII), with Nd3+ in an ethanolic environment. The chelating ability of NdIII by these ligands follows the order of LIII > LII > LI, which is in line with the reported extraction efficiency. The positive ΔS, as well as positive ΔH, suggests that Nd3+ chelation is entropy-driven and effective desolvation is critical to enabling Nd3+ interaction with otherwise weakly interacting sulfur-containing ligands. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure results confirm thermodynamic investigations and suggest that LI can only form up to 1:2 (M-L) complexes, while LII and LIII form up to 1:3 complexes with Nd3+. All three LIII anions have bidentate interactions with NdIII, but two LII anions have bidentate interactions with Nd3+, while the third LII anion is monodentate. The significant increase in ΔS with each o-CF3 addition suggests aiding desolvation could be central in enabling f-element interaction with weakly interacting donor groups, and this report provides an approach to controlling f-element desolvation as an innovative f-element chelating strategy.

14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 556: 606-615, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493760

RESUMO

Graphitic carbon nitride, as a popular material in the field of environmental remediation, still suffers from unsatisfactory performance for heavy metals adsorption owing to lack of specific adsorption sites. In this study, molybdenum (Mo) and sulphur (S) were simultaneously introduced onto the surface of oxygen-doped graphitic carbon nitride (OCN) for the enhancement of Cd2+ adsorption. The synthesized MOS/OCN-1 exhibited substantially increased maximum adsorption capacity of 293.8 mg/g, calculated from Sips isotherm model, which was 8.7 times higher than that for pristine OCN (33.9 mg/g). The adsorption efficiency of MOS/OCN-1 was >94% even under high concentration of coexisting ions (i.e., Ca2+, Mg2+ and Zn2+). MoO3 and MoS2 on the surface of OCN were proven to interact with Cd2+ by forming CdMoO4 and CdS species. OCN provided a stable matrix with a large surface area making more active sites exposed, which greatly facilitated Mo(IV) oxidation and Cd2+ precipitation. Our findings revealed that as well as the well-known Cd-S interaction, Mo atoms in the hybrid composites also played an important role in Cd2+ removal, which opened up the application possibility of OCN with Mo and S hybridization for in-situ Cd2+ remediation.

15.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 21(36): 19868-19878, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475264

RESUMO

Electrospray ionization of solutions containing a tripodal hydroxylamine ligand, H3TriNOx ([((2-tBuNOH)C6H4CH2)3N]) denoted as L, and a hydrogen halide HX: HCl, HBr and/or HI, yielded gas-phase anion complexes [L(X)]- and [L(HX2)]-. Collision induced dissociation (CID) of mixed-halide complexes, [L(HXaXb)]-, indicated highest affinity for I- and lowest for Cl-. Structures and energetics computed by density functional theory are in accord with the CID results, and indicate that the gas-phase binding preference is a manifestation of differing stabilities of the HX molecules. A high halide affinity of [L(H)]+ in solution was also demonstrated, though with a highest preference for Cl- and lowest for I-, the opposite observation of, but not in conflict with, what is observed in gas phase. The results suggest a connection between gas- and condensed-phase chemistry and computational approaches, and shed light on the aggregation and anion recognition properties of hydroxylamine receptors.

16.
Dalton Trans ; 48(38): 14299-14305, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453996

RESUMO

A thorough structural exploration was performed for MgB6 combining the global structure searching method with first-principles calculations. Besides the known Cmcm phase, new phases, i.e. I4/mmm, C2/m-I, C2/m-II and P21/m, were predicted to be stable in the pressure range of 18-100 GPa. Unexpectedly, Cmcm-MgB6 was found to be a semiconductor with an indirect band gap of 0.38 eV with the HSE06 functional, in good agreement with the experimental finding. I4/mmm-MgB6 stabilized above 18 GPa exhibits semimetallic behaviour with a topological node-line near the Fermi level. Consequently, C2/m-I MgB6 with a sandwich structure similar to MgB2 is predicted to be a superconductor with a critical temperature (Tc) of 9.5 K. By analysing the electronic structure, the intriguing semiconductor-semimetal-superconductor transition may be ascribed to the delocalization of more B-p electrons in the boron sublattice. The novel functions uncovered for MgB6 may inspire more efforts to discover materials with intriguing properties.

17.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 34(1): 1489-1497, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416364

RESUMO

MAO-B leads to an increase in the levels of hydrogen peroxide and oxidative free radicals, which contribute to the aetiology of the AD. Thus, both iron ion chelators and MAO-B inhibitors can be used to treat AD. Taking the coumarin derivatives and hydroxypyridinones as the lead compounds, a series of dual-target hybrids were designed and synthesised by Click Chemistry. The compounds were biologically evaluated for their iron ion chelating and MAO-B inhibitory activity. Most of the compounds displayed excellent iron ion chelating activity and moderate to good anti-MAO-B activity. Compounds 27b and 27j exhibited the most potent MAO-B inhibitory activity, with IC50 values of 0.68 and 0.86 µM, respectively. In summary, these dual-target compounds have the potential anti-AD activity.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Quelantes de Ferro/farmacologia , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/farmacologia , Monoaminoxidase/metabolismo , Piridonas/farmacologia , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Cumarínicos/síntese química , Cumarínicos/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Quelantes de Ferro/síntese química , Quelantes de Ferro/química , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/síntese química , Inibidores da Monoaminoxidase/química , Piridonas/síntese química , Piridonas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Metabolism ; 100: 153955, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390528

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) is considered as a promising therapeutic target for obesity. APPL1 (Adaptor protein containing the Pleckstrin homology domain, Phosphotyrosine binding domain and Leucine zipper motif) is an intracellular adaptor protein and its genetic variation is correlated with BMI and body fat distribution in diabetic patients. However, little is known about the roles of APPL1 in BAT thermogenesis. MATERIALS/METHODS: In this study, adipose tissue specific knockout (ASKO) mice were generated to evaluate APPL1's role in BAT thermogenesis in vivo, and possible signaling pathways were further explored in cultured brown adipocytes. RESULTS: After high fat diet challenge, APPL1 ASKO mice developed more severe obesity, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance compared with control mice. Metabolic cage study showed that APPL1 deficiency impaired energy expenditure and adaptive thermogenesis in ASKO mice. PET-CT analysis showed decreased standardized uptake value (SUV) in the inter-scapular region which indicated impaired BAT activity in ASKO mice. Further study showed deletion of APPL1 attenuated brown fat specific gene expression, such as UCP1 and PGC1α in both BAT and brown adipocytes. In cultured brown adipocytes, upon cAMP stimulation, APPL1 shuttled from cytosol to nuclei. Co-IP and ChIP study showed that APPL1 could directly interact with histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) to mediate chromatin remodeling and UCP1 gene expression. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrated the essential role of APPL1 in regulating brown adipocytes thermogenesis via interaction with HDAC3, which may have potential therapeutic implications for treatment of obesity.

19.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Quality control can decrease variations in the performance of colonoscopists and improve the effectiveness of colonoscopy to prevent colorectal cancers. Unfortunately, routine quality control is difficult to carry out because a practical method is lacking. The aim of this study was to develop an automatic quality control system (AQCS) and assess whether it could improve polyp and adenoma detection in clinical practice. METHODS: First, we developed AQCS based on deep convolutional neural network models for timing of the withdrawal phase, supervising withdrawal stability, evaluating bowel preparation, and detecting colorectal polyps. Next, consecutive patients were prospectively randomized to undergo routine colonoscopies with or without the assistance of AQCS. The primary outcome of the study was the adenoma detection rate (ADR) in the AQCS and control groups. RESULTS: A total of 659 patients were enrolled and randomized. A total of 308 and 315 patients were analyzed in the AQCS and control groups, respectively. AQCS significantly increased the ADR (0.289 vs 0.165, P < .001) and the mean number of adenomas per procedure (0.367 vs 0.178, P < .001) compared with the control group. A significant increase was also observed in the polyp detection rate (0.383 vs 0.254, P = .001) and the mean number of polyps detected per procedure (0.575 vs 0.305, P < .001). In addition, the withdrawal time (7.03 minutes vs 5.68 minutes, P < .001) and adequate bowel preparation rate (87.34% vs 80.63%, P = .023) were superior for the AQCS group. CONCLUSIONS: AQCS could effectively improve the performance of colonoscopists during the withdrawal phase and significantly increase polyp and adenoma detection. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT03622281.).

20.
Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem ; 75(Pt 8): 1073-1083, 2019 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380790

RESUMO

Two CoII-based coordination polymers, namely poly[(µ4-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato){µ2-1,3-bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}dicobalt(II)], [Co2(C16H6O8)(C14H14N4)2]n or [Co2(o,m-bpta)(1,3-bimb)2]n (I), and poly[[aqua(µ4-biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylato){1,4-bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene}dicobalt(II)] dihydrate], {[Co2(C16H6O8)(C14H14N4)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n or {[Co2(o,m-bpta)(1,4-bimb)2(H2O)2]·4H2O}n (II), were synthesized from a mixture of biphenyl-2,2',5,5'-tetracarboxylic acid, i.e. [H4(o,m-bpta)], CoCl2·6H2O and N-donor ligands under solvothermal conditions. The complexes were characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and powder X-ray diffraction analysis. The bridging (o,m-bpta)4- ligands combine with CoII ions in different µ4-coordination modes, leading to the formation of one-dimensional chains. The central CoII atoms display tetrahedral [CoN2O2] and octahedral [CoN2O4] geometries in I and II, respectively. The bis[(1H-imidazol-1-yl)methyl]benzene (bimb) ligands adopt trans or cis conformations to connect CoII ions, thus forming two three-dimensional (3D) networks. Complex I shows a (2,4)-connected 3D network with left- and right-handed helical chains constructed by (o,m-bpta)4- ligands. Complex II is a (4,4)-connected 3D novel network with ribbon-like chains formed by (o,m-bpta)4- linkers. Magnetic studies indicate an orbital contribution to the magnetic moment of I and II due to the longer Co...Co distances. An attempt has been made to fit the χMT results to the magnetic formulae for mononuclear CoII complexes, the fitting indicating the presence of weak antiferromagnetic interactions between the CoII ions.

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