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1.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 110: 110664, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204092

RESUMO

Photosensitive polymeric three-dimensional microstructured film (PTMF) is a new type of patterned polymeric films functionalized with an array of sealed hollow 3D containers. The microstructured system with enclosed chemicals provides a tool for the even distribution of biologically active substances on a given surface that can be deposited on medical implants or used as a cells substrate. In this work, we proposed a way for photothermally activating and releasing encapsulated substances at picogram amounts from the PTMF surface in different environments using laser radiation delivered with a multimode optical fiber. The photosensitive PTMFs were prepared by the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly from alternatively charged polyelectrolytes followed by covering with a layer of hydrophobic polylactic acid (PLA) and a layer of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Moreover, the typical photothermal cargo release amounts were determined on the surface of the PTMF for a range of laser powers delivered to films placed in the air, deionized (DI) water, and 1% agarose gel. The agarose gel was used as a soft tissue model for developing a technique for the laser activation of PTMFs deep in tissues using optical waveguides. The number of PTMF chambers activated by a near-infrared (NIR) laser beam was evaluated as the function of optical parameters.

3.
Cell Mol Neurobiol ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043174

RESUMO

This study aimed to elucidate the neurotherapeutic effect of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on brain injury and the potential role of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and its regulatory pathway in heatstroke (HS) rats. In in vivo experiments, rats were exposed to HBO after the onset of HS, or the same pressure but normal air as a control. The results indicated that HBO decreased the mortality and thermoregulatory dysfunction and prolonged the survival time of HS rats. Neurological dysfunction induced by HS was attenuated by HBO through assessment of modified neurological severity score and Morris water maze. HBO also alleviated histopathologic changes and oxidative injury (malondialdehyde and 8-hydroxyguanine), increased activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione/oxidized glutathione and ameliorated apoptotic parameters (caspase-3/6 activities and the number of apoptotic cells) of the hippocampus, hypothalamus and brain stem in rats compared to the HS group. Phosphorylation of DrpSer616 was increased by HS but decreased by HBO in the brains of rats determined by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining. In experiments in vitro, rat hippocampal neurons were used as a heat stress (HS) cellular model to examine the effects of HBO. As the results, HBO attenuated HS-induced cytotoxicity, oxidative injury (malondialdehyde), reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, decreasing SOD activity and apoptosis. Drp1 inhibitor (Mdivi-1) treatment produced the same effects and had a trend to decrease oxidative injury. But the difference is not statistically significant. HBO and Mdivi-1decreased the phosphorylation of DrpSer616 induced by HS and HBO decreased the phosphorylation of protein kinase C (PKC) induced by HS. Moreover, both PKC inhibitor and ROS scavenger inhibited HS-induced p-DrpSer616. In conclusion, HBO may alleviate the brain injury caused by HS by decreasing ROS/PKC-regulated p-DrpSer616.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 259: 113865, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891912

RESUMO

Compared to marine microplastics research, few studies have bio-monitored microplastics in inland waters. It is also important to understand the microplastics' uptake and their potential risks to freshwater species. The Australian glass shrimp Paratya australiensis (Family: Atyidae) is commonly found in fresh waterbodies in eastern Australia, and are sensitive to anthropogenic stressors but have a wide tolerance range to the natural environmental conditions. This study aimed to understand the microplastics' occurrence and types in water samples and the shrimp P. australiensis, and identify if the shrimp could be a suitable bioindicator for microplastic pollution. Surface water and P. australiensis across ten urban and rural freshwater sites in Victoria were sampled. In total, 30 water samples and 100 shrimp were analysed for microplastic content, and shrimp body weights and sizes were also recorded. Microplastics were picked, photographed and identified using FT-IR microscopy: in water samples, 57.9% of items including suspect items were selected to identify; all microplastics found in shrimp samples were identified. Microplastics were present in the surface waters of all sites, with an average abundance of 0.40 ± 0.27 items/L. A total of 36% of shrimp contained microplastics with an average of 0.52 ± 0.55 items/ind (24 ± 31 items/g). Fibre was the most common shape, and blue was the most frequent colour in both water and shrimp samples. The dominant plastic types were polyester in water samples, and rayon in shrimp samples. Even though results from this study show a relatively low concentration of microplastics in water samples in comparison with global studies, it is worth noticing that microplastics were regularly detected in fresh waterbodies in Victoria, Australia. Compared with water samples, shrimp contained a wider variety of plastic types, suggesting they may potentially behave as passive samplers of microplastics pollution in freshwater environments.

5.
Water Res ; 171: 115491, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940511

RESUMO

The removal of natural organic matter (NOM), particularly humic substances (HS) from surface waters during drinking water treatment is necessary to avoid various water quality problems in supply, such as the formation of disinfection by-products. As an alternative to conventional processes (e.g. coagulation), and in the light of the rapidly increasing applications of nanozyme in bio-catalysis, a novel Fe-N-C oxidase-like nanozyme (FeNZ) has been prepared and used to catalyze the oxidative degradation of NOM during simple aeration. Using humic acid (HA) as a model NOM it was found that the HA removal (as TOC) was increased by a factor of 6 with a low dose (10 mg/L) of FeNZ compared to an aerated solution without FeNZ. A variety of analytical methods was used to investigate the oxygen reduction reaction, including cyclic voltammetry, electron spin resonance, and density functional theory (DFT) simulation. Based on these studies, a catalytic oxidation mechanism described as "adsorption-activation-oxidation" was proposed. The enhanced NOM removal performance of FeNZ catalytic oxidation was confirmed with samples of natural surface water in terms of organic mineralization and conversion of hydrophobic to hydrophilic components. The results show great potential for the use of oxidase-like nano catalytic materials in the field of water treatment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Purificação da Água , Catálise , Substâncias Húmicas , Oxirredutases
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997537

RESUMO

Chiral propargyl amines are valuable synthetic intermediates for the preparation of biologically active compounds and functionalized amines. Catalytic methods to access propargyl amines containing vicinal stereocenters with high diastereoselectivity are particularly rare. We report an unprecedented strategy for the synthesis of enantioenriched propargyl amines with two stereogenic centres. An iridium complex, ligated by a phosphoramidite ligand, catalyzes the hydroalkynylation of ß,ß-disubstituted enamides to afford propargyl amides in a highly regio-, diastereo-, and enantioselective fashion. Stereodivergent synthesis of all four possible stereoisomers was achieved using this strategy.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985205

RESUMO

With the booming of modern information technology, electromagnetic wave (EMW) absorption materials are playing more and more crucial roles in applications ranging from wearable smart electronics to national defense security. However, the application of present EMW absorption materials is severely hindered by their drawbacks, such as narrow absorption bandwidth and low absorption intensity. In this work, a series of highly porous and well-interconnected SiC@C nanowire foams (SCNFs) are rationally designed to exhibit modified impedance match and multiscale EMW energy dissipation mechanisms. The SCNF with a density of 108 mg cm-3 realizes a broad absorption bandwidth covering the whole X and Ku bands with an intensity of -52.5 dB. The SCNF with a density of 36 mg cm-3 and a thickness of 9.6 mm exhibits a mechanically controlled absorption band ranging from 2.9 to 18 GHz (covering over 93% of the entire radar band, 2-18 GHz) with a minimum intensity of -46 dB by simply applying a reversible compressive strain from 0 to 66.7%. Moreover, the special microstructure of SCNF also endows it with excellent hydrophobicity, which enables its good self-cleaning property. These encouraging achievements pave the way to the development of the continuous network microstructure of absorbents with a broad-band and tunable EMW absorption property.

8.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 151: 111907, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31999571

RESUMO

Ribonuclease Dicer initiates gene-silencing process by cleaving exogenously long RNA duplexes into small interfering RNA (siRNA) or endogenous precursor microRNAs (pre-miRNAs) into mature miRNAs. It holds great promise in cancer diagnosis and therapeutics due to its molecular ruler role. However, the intracellular Dicer detection remains a key challenge and Dicer related gene therapy has never been explored. In this study, we design a fluorescent labeling Dicer substrate and effectively deliver it into cell by exosomes derived from the target parent cells for intracellular Dicer expression level monitor and gene therapy. Using pre-miRNA let-7a as a model, the Dicer substrates with two terminals labeled with fluorescent and quencher group respectively was obtained by T4 RNA mediated ligase reaction from two short RNA sequences. Then, the substrate was packaged into exosomes by electroporation and delivered to target cells for intracellular dicer imaging detection. After packaging substrates into exosomes with little immunogenicity and good innate biocompatibility by electroporation and delivered to target cells, the Dicer mediated substrate cleavage was effectively monitored by the fluorescence recovery, providing a powerful tool for Dicer analysis. Importantly, the cleaved product exhibited significant suppression toward tumor cell growth and regulated cancer cells cycle. This work might open a new avenue for Dicer analysis and Dicer-related clinical application.

9.
Curr Mol Pharmacol ; 13(1): 31-40, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autophagy, a pathway for lysosomal-mediated cellular degradation, is a catabolic process that recycles intracellular components to maintain metabolism and survival. It is classified into three major types: macroautophagy, microautophagy, and the chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Autophagy is a dynamic and multistep process that includes four stages: nucleation, elongation, autophagosome formation, and fusion. Interestingly, the influence of autophagy in cancer development is complex and paradoxical, suppressive, or promotive in different contexts. Autophagy in cancer has been demonstrated to serve as both a tumour suppressor and promoter. Radiotherapy is a powerful and common strategy for many different types of cancer and can induce autophagy, which has been shown to modulate sensitivity of cancer to radiotherapy. However, the role of autophagy in radiation treatment is controversial. Some reports showed that the upregulation of autophagy was cytoprotective for cancer cells. Others, in contrast, showed that the induction of autophagy was advantageous. Here, we reviewed recent studies and attempted to discuss the various aspects of autophagy in response to radiotherapy of cancer. Thus, we could decrease the viability of cancer cell and increase the sensibility of cancer cells to radiation, providing a new basis for the application of autophagy in clinical tumor radiotherapy.

10.
Microbiol Res ; 231: 126369, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733598

RESUMO

The ability of endophytic fungi isolated from cucurbit plants to suppress soilborne diseases and the relationship between antagonism and disease suppression were studied. In dual culture tests of 1044 strains of 90 genera and three pathogenic fungi, 47.1 % of the endophytic fungal strains showed antagonistic effects on at least one pathogen; 186 strains against Rhizoctonia solani, 371 strains against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, and 403 strains against Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum. The main antagonistic type of the strains of one genus generally was identical to one pathogen. In the pot experiment of cucumber inoculated with R. solani and endophytic fungi, 74.3 % and 33.3 % of 288 strains showed control efficacy of more than 50 % and more than 80 % on cucumber Rhizoctonia root rot respectively. These strains were mostly distributed in Fusarium, Chaetomium, Colletotrichum and Acrocalymma. There were some differences in the proportion of strains with better disease suppressive effects between strain sources. No significant correlation existed between the disease suppression of a strain in vivo and its antagonism against the pathogen in vitro. Most growth-promoting strains had good suppressive effects on cucumber Rhizoctonia root rot. In this study, 82 endophytic fungal strains had good disease suppressive effects and no obvious adverse effects on cucumber growth, and 35 of them showed obvious growth-promoting effects, which suggested that endophytic fungi from cucurbit plants have excellent potential for plant disease control.

11.
Water Res ; 168: 115140, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604177

RESUMO

The mitigation of microplastic pollution in the environment calls for a better understanding of the sources and transportation, especially from land sources to the open ocean. We conducted a large-scale investigation of microplastic pollution across the Greater Melbourne Area and the Western Port area, Australia, spanning gradients of land-use from un-developed catchments in conservation areas to more heavily-developed areas. Microplastics were detected in 94% of water samples and 96% of sediment samples, with abundances ranging from 0.06 to 2.5 items/L in water and 0.9 to 298.1 items/kg in sediment. The variation of microplastic abundance in sediments was closely related to that of the overlying waters. Fiber was the most abundant (89.1% and 68.6% of microplastics in water and sediment respectively), and polyester was the dominant polymer in water and sediment. The size of more than 40% of all total microplastics observed was less than 1 mm. Both light and dense polymers of different shapes were more abundant in sediments than those in water, indicating that there is microplastic accumulation in sediments. The abundance of microplastics was higher near coastal cities than at less densely-populated inland areas. A spatial analysis of the data suggests that the abundance of microplastics increases downstream in rivers and accumulates in estuaries and the lentic reaches of these rivers. Correlation and redundancy analysis were used to explore the associations between microplastic pollution and different land-use types. More microplastics and polymer types were found at areas with large amounts of commercial, industrial and transport activities. Microplastic abundances were also correlated with mean particle size. Microplastic hotspots within a coastal metropolis might be caused by a combination of natural accumulation via hydrological dynamics and contribution from increasing anthropogenic influences. Our results strongly suggest that coastal metropolis superimposed on increasing microplastic levels in waterbodies from inland areas to the estuaries and open oceans.


Assuntos
Plásticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Austrália , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Oceanos e Mares
12.
Front Immunol ; 10: 2737, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824511

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB) pathogenesis is characterized by inadequate immune cell activation and delayed T cell response in the host. Recent immunotherapeutic efforts have been directed at stimulating innate immunity and enhancing interactions between antigen presenting cells and T cells subsets to improve the protective immunity against TB. In this study, we investigated the immunostimulatory properties of bacterial ghosts (BG) as a novel approach to potentiate the host immunity against mycobacterial infection. BG are intact cytoplasm-free Escherichia coli envelopes and have been developed as bacterial vaccines and adjuvant/delivery system in cancer immunotherapy. However, BG have yet to be exploited as immunopotentiators in the context of infectious diseases. Here, we showed that BG are potent inducers of dendritic cells (DC), which led to enhanced T cell proliferation and differentiation into effector cells. BG also induced macrophage activation, which was associated with enhanced nitric oxide production, a key anti-mycobacterial weapon. We further demonstrated that the immunostimulatory capability of BG far exceeds that of LPS and involves both TLR4-dependent and independent pathways. Consistently, BG treatment, but not LPS treatment, reduced the bacterial burden in infected mice, which correlated with increased influx of innate and adaptive effector immune cells and increased production of key cytokines in the lungs. Finally and importantly, enhanced bacilli killing was seen in mice co-administered with BG and second-line TB drugs bedaquiline and delamanid. Overall, this work paves the way for BG as potent immunostimulators that may be harnessed to improve mycobacteria killing at the site of infection.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4486-4494, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872637

RESUMO

This experiment was performed to analyze and identify the chemical constituents of Lycii Cortex by UPLC-LTQ-OrbitrapMS. The analysis was performed on a Waters Xbridge Shield RP18( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 µm) column with the mobile phase of 0. 1%formic acid( A)-acetonitrile( B) under gradient conditions at a flow rate of 1. 0 m L·min-1 and the temperature maintained at 35 ℃ .Electrospray ionization ion trap time-off light multistage mass spectrometry was applied for qualitative analysis under positive and negative ion modes. The results indicated that 55 compounds consisted of 39 phenolic amides,6 organic acids,3 cyclic peptides,2 coumarins and 5 others. In conclusion,an UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS method was established to qualitative analysis of Lycii Cortex in this study,and the fragmentation rules of phenolic amides were summarized,which provides a good foundation for further study of Lycii Cortex.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cumarínicos , Espectrometria de Massas , Fenóis
14.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(6): 631-635, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the value of normalized iodine concentration (NIC), spectral attenuation curve slope (SACS), area under curve (AUC), and iodine concentration difference (ICD) generated from spectral CT in the assessment of parotid gland tumors. METHODS: Ninety-two patients with pathologically confirmed parotid gland tumors underwent arterial phase- and venous phase-enhanced CT in spectral CT. The patients were divided into the pleomor-phic adenoma group (group A), Warthin tumor group (group B), basal cell tumor group (group C), and malignant tumor group (group D). The SACS, AUC, NIC, ICD were measured and analyzed. Statistical analyses were performed by one-way ANOVA, and statistical significance was set at P<0.05. RESULTS: SACS(AP), AUC(AP), and NIC(AP) in group A were lower than those in other groups; SACS(VP) and AUC(VP) in group C were higher than those in other groups; NIC(AP) and NIC(VP) in group D were higher than those in other groups; and ICD in group B was a positive number. The difference in SACS(AP) and AUC(AP) in groups B and C, SACS(VP) and AUC(VP) in groups C and D, and ICD in groups A and C were not statistically significant. By contrast, the diffe-rence between the other groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference in NIC(AP) between groups A and B and groups C and D and the difference in NIC(VP) between groups A and C, groups A and D, and groups B and C were statistically significant (P=0.005, 0.025, 0.002, 0.038, and 0.049, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Multi-quantitative parameters from spectral CT might be helpful in differentiating various types of parotid gland tumors.


Assuntos
Iodo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Glândula Parótida
15.
Opt Express ; 27(21): 29770-29780, 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684234

RESUMO

We report on experimental generation and evolution of circumstance-susceptible, narrow-bandwidth, h-shaped pulse in a thulium-doped fiber (TDF) laser. With typical mode-locking technique based on nonlinear amplifying loop mirror, a type of h-shaped pulse is generated in a net normal dispersion regime for the first time to our best knowledge. Different from pulses with similar profiles achieved in typical anomalous dispersion regime, the h-shaped pulse here exhibits extremely narrow spectral bandwidth and meanwhile becomes highly circumstance-susceptible. Not alike the well-preserved h-shaped profile with anomalous dispersion, here the h-shaped pulse can easily evolve into various other pulse patterns with circumstance variations, including peak-depressed profiles, burst-like emission, multiple h-shaped pulses, and even some highly complex temporal cases. Despite that, the h-shaped pulse broadens as the pump power increasing, being a typical pump-related characteristic dominated by the peak-power-clamping effect. Moreover, it is observed that the h-shaped pulse profile can be re-shaped by incorporating a piece of unpumped TDF into the cavity, i.e., introducing some reabsorption. Our results substantiate the experimental revelation of such a type of particular-profile pulse in the normal dispersion regime, demonstrating some new evolution features facilitated by the dispersion-relevant circumstance-susceptibility.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(48): 45338-45344, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702886

RESUMO

Resilient ceramic aerogels exhibit great potential for applications in harsh environments owing to their unique combination of ultrahigh porosity, lightweight, reversible compressibility, and good thermal and chemical stabilities. However, their applications are severely restricted by the limited size and low yield due to their complicated and time-consuming synthetic procedures. Herein, we developed an efficient method for large-scale production of resilient SiC nanowire aerogels (SiC NWAGs) with tunable densities and desired shapes. The as-synthesized SiC NWAGs displayed excellent high-temperature stability (the maximum working temperature in Ar and air can reach to 1400 and 1000 °C, respectively), outstanding flame-erosion resistance and low thermal conductivity (25 mW m-1 K-1). The easy fabrication of such ceramic aerogel on a large scale will pave the way for the widespread applications of ceramic aerogels.

17.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16325, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704969

RESUMO

Tungsten disulfide (WS2) as one of transition metal dichalcogenides exhibits excellent catalytic activity. However, its catalytic performances in aqueous phase reactions are limited by its hydrophobicity. Here, the natural hydrophilic two-dimensional clay was used to enhance the dispersibility of WS2 in aqueous phase. WS2/montmorillonite (WS2/MMT) composite nanosheets were prepared via hydrothermal synthesis of WS2 on the surface of montmorillonite from WCl6 and CH3CSNH2. The microstructure and morphology show that WS2 nanosheets are assembled parallelly on the montmorillonite with the interface interaction. Through the support of montmorillonite, WS2/MMT possesses higher photocatalytic ability for aqueous phase reactions than WS2, which could be due to the synergistic effect of higher adsorption property, higher hydrophilicity, dispersibility and more catalytic reaction site. The strategy could provide new ideas for obtaining novel hydrophilic photocatalyst with excellent performance.

18.
Aesthet Surg J ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606736

RESUMO

With the expanding use of hyaluronic acid (HA) and collagen as cosmetic fillers in plastic and reconstructive surgery, complications due to their excessive use and/or irregular procedures warrant great caution. Recently, a fatal case occurred caused by undergoing a poorly regulated procedure of vaginal injection of HA and collagen. A 33-year-old female was admitted to the emergency department 3 hours after the operation with a chief complaint of dyspnea, which initiated 5-10 minutes after the operation. Her blood pressure remained low, while dopamine pressor and fluid replacement were used. Computed tomography of the chest showed local exudation in the lower lobe of the left lung, enlargement of right atrium and ventricle, and uneven development of the bilateral inferior lobar artery with filling defects. Pulmonary computed tomography angiography and three-dimensional reconstruction showed continuous interruption of pulmonary artery branches of the posterior basal segment of the right lower lobe. Unfortunately, the clinical symptoms caused by vaginal injection aggravated rapidly and could not be effectively controlled. The patient died 9 hours after injection. Pulmonary complications after injection of cosmetic fillers are scarcely reported. Thus far, only two cases of HA-related pulmonary complications after vaginal injection have been described. The present case emphasizes that surgeons and other health-care providers must be aware of the risk of serious pulmonary complications and even death associated with the use of these two widely used injectable fillers.

19.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(20)2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658726

RESUMO

A continuum damage model is proposed to predict the intralaminar progressive failure of CFRP laminates based on the modified Puck's theory. Puck's failure criteria, with consideration of the in situ strength effect, are employed to evaluate the onset of intralaminar failure including fiber fracture and inter-fiber fracture. After damage initiation, a bilinear constitutive relation is used to describe the damage evolution process. In strict accordance with Puck's concept of action plane, the extent of damage is quantified by the damage variables defined in the fracture plane coordinate system, rather than the traditional material principal coordinate system. Theoretical and experimental evaluation of CFRP laminates under different loading conditions demonstrates the rationality and effectiveness of the proposed numerical model. The model has been successfully implemented in a finite element (FE) software to simulate the intralaminar progressive failure process of CFRP laminates. A good agreement between the experimental and numerical results demonstrates that the present model is capable of predicting the intralaminar failure of CFRP laminates.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 1806234, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531346

RESUMO

We previously demonstrated that angiotensin-(1-7) (Ang-(1-7)), an essential endocrine factor, inhibits the NLRP3 inflammasome by regulating reactive oxygen species (ROS) in fibrotic livers. We also demonstrated that the NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to the liver damage induced by pyroptosis after heatstroke. However, the role of Ang-(1-7) in the hepatocytes under heat stress remains uncertain. We aimed to examine the change in angiotensin peptides in the livers affected by heatstroke and the effect on the ROS-NLRP3 inflammatory signalling pathway. In vivo, increased angiotensin II (Ang II) and decreased Ang-(1-7) in the serum of heatstroke patients suffering from hepatic dysfunction were observed. The change in angiotensin peptides was considered a potential biomarker that could be used to predict hepatic dysfunction. Enhanced Ang II and attenuated Ang-(1-7) levels were also observed in the liver tissue of heatstroke rats, which were consistent with their receptors and converting enzymes. Hepatic damage associated with increased ROS and protein expression levels of NOX4, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1ß was attenuated by AVE 0991, an analogue of Ang-(1-7). In vitro, pyroptosis, characterized by activated caspase-1 and IL-1ß, was observed in hepatocytes under heat stress, which was enhanced by Ang II and attenuated by antioxidants, NOX4 siRNA, and AVE 0991. In summary, AVE 0991 attenuates pyroptosis and liver damage induced by heat stress by inhibiting the ROS-NLRP3 inflammatory signalling pathway.


Assuntos
Golpe de Calor/tratamento farmacológico , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Angiotensina I/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Golpe de Calor/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Fígado , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Masculino , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Estudos Prospectivos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
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