Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 329
Filtrar
1.
Poult Sci ; 101(1): 101540, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823181

RESUMO

Group-I Fowl adenovirus (FAdV) is still widespread in China's chicken farms, leading to huge economic losses. The traditional PCR method, which can detect all serotypes at the same time, is not sensitive enough to obtain accurate results, especially in some samples containing only a low titer of virus, such as contaminated live vaccine. In order to solve this problem, this study developed a dot blot assay based on the above PCR method. A total of 6 probes targeting the conserved region of FAdV were designed and systematically optimized through sensitivity, accuracy, and stability analyses. Results showed that it is not only suitable for 12 serotypes, but also effectively improve the sensitivity, which increased more than 100 times in comparison with PCR assay. Moreover, this sensitivity was increased 100 times when detecting contaminated live vaccine samples, showing the great prospect of this method in daily monitoring.

2.
Mol Biol Rep ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792729

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Female breast cancer has become the most commonly diagnosed cancer worldwide. As a tumor suppressor, estrogen receptor ß (ERß) can be potentially targeted for breast cancer therapy. METHODS AND RESULTS: TAD1822-7 was evaluated for ERß-mediated autophagy and cell death using cell proliferation assay, Annexin V/PI staining, immunofluorescence, western blotting, ERß siRNA, ERß plasmid transfection and hypoxia cell models. TAD1822-7 upregulated ERß causing cell death and induced mitochondrial dysfunction and autophagy companied with mitochondrial located ERß. Enhanced levels of microtubule associated protein1 light chain 3 (LC3)-II and p62/SQSTM1 (p62) indicated that TAD1822-7 blocked the late-stage autolysosome formation, leading to cell death. Mechanistically, TAD1822-7-induced cell death was mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) signaling pathways. Moreover, TAD1822-7 modulated hypoxia inducible factor (HIF) functions and autophagy via the inhibition of HIF-1ß in the context of hypoxia-induced autophagy. ERß overexpression and ERß agonist showed similar effects, whereas ERß siRNA abrogated TAD1822-7-induced cell death, the inhibition of PI3K/AKT pathway and autophagy. The involvement of PI3K/AKT pathway and autophagy was also demonstrated in TAD1822-7-treated hypoxic breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide new insight into the mechanism underlying the inhibitory effects of TAD1822-7 via ERß-mediated pathways in breast cancer cells.

4.
iScience ; 24(11): 103233, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755088

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a global health-care problem with limited therapeutic options. To obtain a cellular resolution of pathogenesis, 82,168 single-cell transcriptomes (scRNA-seq) across different NAFLD stages were profiled, identifying hepatocytes and 12 other non-parenchymal cell (NPC) types. scRNA-seq revealed insights into the cellular and molecular mechanisms of the disease. We discovered a dual role for hepatic stellate cells in gene expression regulation and in the potential to trans-differentiate into myofibroblasts. We uncovered distinct expression profiles of Kupffer cells versus monocyte-derived macrophages during NAFLD progression. Kupffer cells showed stronger immune responses, while monocyte-derived macrophages demonstrated a capability for differentiation. Three chimeric NPCs were identified including endothelial-chimeric stellate cells, hepatocyte-chimeric endothelial cells, and endothelial-chimeric Kupffer cells. Our work identified unanticipated aspects of mouse with NAFLD at the single-cell level and advanced the understanding of cellular heterogeneity in NAFLD livers.

5.
Arch Pharm Res ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751932

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common tumor types globally. Despite the progress made in surgical procedures and therapeutic options, HCC remains a considerable cause of cancer-related mortality. In this study, we investigated the antitumor effects of sanguinarine (Sang) on HCC and its potential mechanisms. Our findings showed that Sang impairs the acidic environment of lysosomes by inhibiting cathepsin D maturation. In addition, Sang inhibited the formation of autolysosomes in RFP-GFP-LC3 transfected cells, subsequently suppressing late mitophagy. Sang also induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)-dependent autophagy and apoptosis in HCC cells, which was significantly attenuated following treatment with a ROS scavenger. Further investigation using autophagy inhibitors revealed that sanguinarine-induced mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy led to mitochondrial apoptosis in HCC cells. Immunohistochemical staining of sanguinarine-treated xenograft samples revealed that it initiated and blocked autophagy. In summary, our findings suggest that in HCC cells, Sang impairs lysosomal function and induces ROS-dependent mitophagy and apoptosis.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6669570, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671679

RESUMO

Objective: This study is aimed at identifying stemness-related genes in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: The RNA-seq data of PADC patients were downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) databases. The mRNA expression-based stemness index (mRNAsi) and epigenetically regulated mRNAsi (EREG-mRNAsi) of PADC patients were evaluated. The mRNAsi-related gene sets in PADC were identified by weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA). The key genes were further analyzed using functional enrichment analysis. The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the Cox proportional hazards model were used to evaluate the prognostic value of the key genes. Prognostic hub genes were used to establish nomograms. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, concordance index (C-index), and calibration curves were used to assess the discrimination and accuracy of the nomogram. Finally, these results were validated in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Results: A total of 36 key genes related to mRNAsi were identified by WGCNA. A prognostic gene signature compromising seven genes (TPX2, ZWINT, UBE2C, CCNB2, CDK1, BUB1, and BIRC5) was established to predict the overall survival (OS) of PADC patients. The Cox regression analysis revealed that the risk score was an independent prognostic factor for PADC. Patients were then divided into the high-risk and low-risk groups. The ROC curves, C-index, and calibration curves indicated good performance of the prognostic signature in the TCGA and GEO datasets. Moreover, the nomogram incorporating clinical parameters showed better sensitivity and specificity for predicting the OS of PADC patients. Conclusion: The stemness-related prognostic model successfully predicted the OS of PADC patients and could be used for the treatment of PADC.

7.
Front Immunol ; 12: 735280, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659223

RESUMO

Reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) causes immune-suppression disease in poultry, leading to a significant economic burden worldwide. Recent evidence demonstrated that the REV can enter the semen and then induce artificial insemination, but how the virus gets into semen was little known. Accumulating studies indicated that exosomes serve as vehicles for virus transmission, but the role of exosomes in viral shedding through the semen remains unclear. In this study, exosomes purified from the REV-positive semen were shown with reverse transcription-PCR and mass spectrometry to contain viral genomic RNA and viral proteins, which could also establish productive infections both in vivo and in vitro and escape from the REV-specific neutralizing antibodies. More importantly, compared with the infection caused by free virions, the exosome is more efficient for the virus to ensure effective infection and replication, which can also help the REV compromise the efficacy of the host immune response. In summary, this study demonstrated that semen-derived exosomes can medicate the transmission and immune escape of REV, implicating a novel mechanism for REV entering the semen and leading to vertical transmission.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(42): 49737-49753, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648269

RESUMO

Peptide vaccines exhibit great potential in cancer therapy via eliciting antigen-specific host immune response and long-term immune memory to defend cancer cells. However, the low induced immune response of many developing vaccines implies the imperatives for understanding the favorable structural features of efficient cancer vaccines. Herein, we report on the two groups of self-adjuvanting peptide vaccines with distinct morphology and investigate the relationship between the morphology of peptide vaccines and the induced immune response. Two nanofibril peptide vaccines were created via co-assembly of a pentapeptide with a central 4-aminoproline residue, with its derivative functionalized with antigen epitopes derived from human papillomavirus E7 proteins, whereas utilization of a pentapeptide with a natural proline residue led to the formation of two nanoparticle peptide vaccines. The immunological results of dendritic cell (DCs) maturation and antigen presentation induced by the peptide assemblies implied the self-adjuvanting property of the resulting peptide vaccines. In particular, cellular uptake studies revealed the enhanced internalization and elongated retention of the nanofibril peptide vaccines in DCs, leading to their advanced performance in DC maturation, accumulation at lymph nodes, infiltration of cytotoxic T lymphocytes into tumor tissues, and eventually lysis of in vivo tumor cells, compared to the nanoparticle counterparts. The antitumor immune response caused by the nanofibril peptide vaccines was further augmented when simultaneously administrated with anti-PD-1 checkpoint blockades, suggesting the opportunity of the combinatorial immunotherapy by utilizing the nanofibril peptide vaccines. Our findings strongly demonstrate a robust relationship between the immune response of peptide vaccines and their morphology, thereby elucidating the critical role of morphological control in the design of efficient peptide vaccines and providing the guidance for the design of efficient peptide vaccines in the future.

9.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 99(12): 1797-1813, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628513

RESUMO

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a degenerative motor neuron disease and a leading cause of infant mortality, is caused by loss of functional survival motor neuron (SMN) protein due to SMN1 gene mutation. Here, using mouse and cell models for behavioral and histological studies, we found that SENP2 (SUMO/sentrin-specific protease 2)-deficient mice developed a notable SMA-like pathology phenotype with significantly decreased muscle fibers and motor neurons. At the molecular level, SENP2 deficiency in mice did not affect transcription but decreased SMN protein levels by promoting the SUMOylation of SMN. SMN was modified by SUMO2 with the E3 PIAS2α and deconjugated by SENP2. SUMOylation of SMN accelerated its degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation pathway with the ubiquitin E1 UBA1 (ubiquitin-like modifier activating enzyme 1) and E3 ITCH. SUMOylation of SMN increased its acetylation to inhibit the formation of Cajal bodies (CBs). These results showed that SENP2 deficiency induced hyper-SUMOylation of the SMN protein, which further affected the stability and functions of the SMN protein, eventually leading to the SMA-like phenotype. Thus, we uncovered the important roles for hyper-SUMOylation of SMN induced by SENP2 deficiency in motor neurons and provided a novel targeted therapeutic strategy for SMA. KEY MESSAGES: SENP2 deficiency enhanced the hyper-SUMOylation of SMN and promoted the degradation of SMN by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. SUMOylation increased the acetylation of SMN to inhibit CB formation. SENP2 deficiency caused hyper-SUMOylation of SMN protein, which further affected the stability and functions of SMN protein and eventually led to the occurrence of SMA-like pathology.

10.
Biomaterials ; 278: 121181, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653932

RESUMO

Sufficient energy generation based on effective transport of nutrient via abundant blood vessels in tumor tissue and subsequent oxidative metabolism in mitochondria is critical for growth, proliferation and migration of tumor. Thus the strategy to cut off this transport pathway (blood vessels) and simultaneously close the power house (mitochondria) is highly desired for tumor treatment. Herein, we fabricated a bionic nanocarrier with core-shell-corona structure to give selective and effective tumor therapy via stepwise destruction of existed tumor vessel, inhibition of tumor angiogenesis and dysfunction of tumor mitochondria. The core of this bionic nanocarrier consists of combretastatin A4 phosphate (CA4P) and vitamin K2 (VK2) co-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSNs), which is in charge of the vasculature destruction and mitochondrial dysfunction after cargos release. The N-tert-butylacrylamide (TBAM) and tri-sulfated N-acetylglucosamine (TSAG) shell served as artificial affinity reagent against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) for angiogenesis inhibition. As to guarantee that these actions only happened in tumor, the hyaluronic acid (HA) corona was introduced to endow the nanocarrier with tumor targeting property and stimuli-responsiveness for accurate therapy. Both in vitro and in vivo results indicated that the CA4P/VK2-MSNs-TBAM/TSAG-HA (CVMMGH for short) nanocarrier combined well-controllable manipulation of tumor vasculature and tumor mitochondria to effectivly cut off the tumorigenic energy supply, which performed significant inhibition of tumor growth, demonstrating the great candidate of our strategy for effective tumor therapy.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias , Biônica , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Dióxido de Silício , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
11.
Mol Cell ; 81(20): 4137-4146, 2021 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619090

RESUMO

Cell signaling is a complex process. The faithful transduction of information into specific cellular actions depends on the synergistic effects of many regulatory molecules, nurtured by their strict spatiotemporal regulation. Over the years, we have gained copious insights into the subcellular architecture supporting this spatiotemporal control, including the roles of membrane-bound organelles and various signaling nanodomains. Recently, liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) has been recognized as another potentially ubiquitous framework for organizing signaling molecules with high specificity and precise spatiotemporal control in cells. Here, we review the pervasive role of LLPS in signal transduction, highlighting several key pathways that intersect with LLPS, including examples in which LLPS is controlled by signaling events. We also examine how LLPS orchestrates signaling by compartmentalizing signaling molecules, amplifying signals non-linearly, and moderating signaling dynamics. We focus on the specific molecules that drive LLPS and highlight the known functional and pathological consequences of LLPS in each pathway.

12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638970

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common disease caused by many factors, including atherosclerosis, congenital heart disease, heart failure, and ischemic cardiomyopathy. CVD has been regarded as one of the most common diseases and has a severe impact on the life quality of patients. The main features of CVD include high morbidity and mortality, which seriously threaten human health. SUMO proteins covalently conjugate lysine residues with a large number of substrate proteins, and SUMOylation regulates the function of target proteins and participates in cellular activities. Under certain pathological conditions, SUMOylation of proteins related to cardiovascular development and function are greatly changed. Numerous studies have suggested that SUMOylation of substrates plays critical roles in normal cardiovascular development and function. We reviewed the research progress of SUMOylation in cardiovascular development and function, and the regulation of protein SUMOylation may be applied as a potential therapeutic strategy for CVD treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Sumoilação , Animais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Coração/embriologia , Humanos , Lisina/metabolismo , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Organogênese , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sumoilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Enzimas de Conjugação de Ubiquitina/metabolismo
13.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(24): 6964-6968, 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34540951

RESUMO

To discuss recurrence patterns and their significance in colorectal cancer. Preexisting medical hypotheses and the clinical phenomena of recurrence in colorectal cancer were evaluated and integrated. Colorectal cancer recurrence/metastasis consists of two types: recurrence from the activation of dormant cancer cells and recurrence from postoperative residual cancer cells. These two recurrences have their own unique mechanisms, biological behaviors, responses to therapy, and prognoses. For type 1 recurrences, surgical resection should be considered. Type 2 recurrences should be managed systematically in addition to surgical resection. The two types of colorectal cancer recurrence should be evaluated and managed separately.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(20): 9878-9883, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34558178

RESUMO

NASH is a chronic liver disease that affects 3%-6% of individuals and requires urgent therapeutic developments. Isolating the key cell types in the liver is a necessary step towards understanding their function and roles in disease pathogenesis. However, traditional isolation methods through gradient centrifugation can only collect one or a few cell types simultaneously and pose technical difficulties when applied to NASH livers. Taking advantage of identified cell surface markers from liver single-cell RNAseq, here we established the combination of gradient centrifugation and antibody-based cell sorting techniques to isolate five key liver cell types (hepatocytes, endothelial cells, stellate cells, macrophages and other immune cells) from a single mouse liver. This method yielded high purity of each cell type from healthy and NASH livers. Our five-in-one protocol simultaneously isolates key liver cell types with high purity under normal and NASH conditions, enabling for systematic and accurate exploratory experiments such as RNA sequencing.

15.
Am J Pathol ; 191(12): 2117-2132, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508688

RESUMO

The karyopherin α2 subunit gene (KPNA2), an oncogene, is involved in metabolic reprogramming in cancer. This study aimed to explore the function of KPNα2 in the growth and glycolysis in colon cancer (CC) cells. Genes from the Oncomine database that were differentially expressed in multiple CC types were screened. Bioinformatics analysis suggested that KPNA2 was highly expressed in CC, and consequently, high expression of KPNA2 was detected in the CC cell lines. Down-regulation of KPNA2 reduced viability and DNA-replication ability, and increased apoptosis of HCT116 and LoVo cells. It also reduced glucose consumption, extracellular acidification rate, and the ATP production in cells. Centromere protein A (CENPA) was confirmed as an upstream transcription activator of KPNA2. There was significant H3K27ac modification in the promoter region of KPNA2. CENPA primarily recruited histone acetyltransferase general control of amino acid synthesis (GCN)-5 to the promoter region of KPNA2 to induce transcription activation. Overexpression of either CENPA or GCN-5 blocked the role of short hairpin KPNα2 and restored growth and glycolysis in CC cells. To conclude, the findings from this study suggest that CENPA recruits GCN-5 to the promoter region of KPNA2 to induce KPNα2 activation, which strengthens growth and glycolysis in, and augments the development of, CC.

16.
Neural Netw ; 144: 154-163, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500254

RESUMO

Previous studies demonstrate DNNs' vulnerability to adversarial examples and adversarial training can establish a defense to adversarial examples. In addition, recent studies show that deep neural networks also exhibit vulnerability to parameter corruptions. The vulnerability of model parameters is of crucial value to the study of model robustness and generalization. In this work, we introduce the concept of parameter corruption and propose to leverage the loss change indicators for measuring the flatness of the loss basin and the parameter robustness of neural network parameters. On such basis, we analyze parameter corruptions and propose the multi-step adversarial corruption algorithm. To enhance neural networks, we propose the adversarial parameter defense algorithm that minimizes the average risk of multiple adversarial parameter corruptions. Experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can improve both the parameter robustness and accuracy of neural networks.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Redes Neurais de Computação
17.
J Biol Chem ; 297(4): 101183, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509475

RESUMO

Sentrin/small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)-specific protease 2 (SENP2)-deficient mice develop spontaneous seizures in early life because of a marked reduction in M currents, which regulate neuronal membrane excitability. We have previously shown that hyper-SUMOylation of the Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channels is critically involved in the regulation of the M currents conducted by these potassium voltage-gated channels. Here, we show that hyper-SUMOylation of the Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 proteins reduced binding to the lipid secondary messenger PIP2. CaM1 has been shown to be tethered to the Kv7 subunits via hydrophobic motifs in its C termini and implicated in the channel assembly. Mutation of the SUMOylation sites on Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 specifically resulted in decreased binding to CaM1 and enhanced CaM1-mediated assembly of Kv7.2 and Kv7.3, whereas hyper-SUMOylation of Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 inhibited channel assembly. SENP2-deficient mice exhibited increased acetylcholine levels in the brain and the heart tissue because of increases in the vagal tone induced by recurrent seizures. The SENP2-deficient mice develop seizures followed by a period of sinus pauses or atrioventricular conduction blocks. Chronic administration of the parasympathetic blocker atropine or unilateral vagotomy significantly prolonged the life of the SENP2-deficient mice. Furthermore, we showed that retigabine, an M-current opener, reduced the transcription of SUMO-activating enzyme SAE1 and inhibited SUMOylation of the Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channels, and also prolonged the life of SENP2-deficient mice. Taken together, the previously demonstrated roles of PIP2, CaM1, and retigabine on the regulation of Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channel function can be explained by their roles in regulating SUMOylation of this critical potassium channel.


Assuntos
Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Canal de Potássio KCNQ2/metabolismo , Canal de Potássio KCNQ3/metabolismo , Sistemas do Segundo Mensageiro , Sumoilação , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Cisteína Endopeptidases/genética , Canal de Potássio KCNQ2/genética , Canal de Potássio KCNQ3/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Mutantes , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Convulsões/genética , Convulsões/metabolismo , Enzimas Ativadoras de Ubiquitina/genética , Enzimas Ativadoras de Ubiquitina/metabolismo
18.
Clin Transl Med ; 11(9): e536, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Overexpression of pleomorphic adenoma gene like-2 (PLAGL2) is associated with tumorigenesis. However, its function in HCC is unclear, and there are currently no anti-HCC drugs that target PLAGL2. Drug repositioning may facilitate the development of PLAGL2-targeted drug candidates. METHODS: The expression of PLAGL2 in HCC clinical tissue samples and HCC cell lines was analyzed by western blotting. The constructed HCC cell models were used to confirm the underlying function of PLAGL2 as a therapeutic target. Multiple in vitro and in vivo assays were conducted to determine the anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects of selenium sulfide (SeS2 ), which is clinically used for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis and tinea versicolor. RESULTS: PLAGL2 expression was higher in HCC tumor tissues than in normal adjacent tissues. Its overexpression promoted the resistance of HCC cells of mitochondrial apoptosis through the regulation of the downstream C-MET/STAT3 signaling axis. SeS2 exerted significant anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on HCC cells in a PLAGL2-dependent manner. Mechanistically, SeS2 suppressed C-MET/STAT3, AKT/mTOR, and MAPK signaling and triggered Bcl-2/Cyto C/Caspase-mediated intrinsic mitochondrial apoptosis both in vitro and in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: Our data reveal an important role of PLAGL2 in apoptosis resistance in HCC and highlight the potential of using SeS2 as a PLAGL2 inhibitor in patients with HCC.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335801

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most prevalent malignancies. However, its mechanism and therapeutic strategy remain to be clarified. Mangiferin is a flavonoid derived from the leaves of mango trees of the lacquer family that has many pharmacological and physiological effects. This research aimed to elucidate the biological effect of mangiferin in LUAD cell lines and clarify the in vitro mechanism of mangiferin. Mangiferin was shown to significantly restrain the proliferation of LUAD cells (A549, H1299, and H2030 cells) in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Furthermore, mangiferin was capable of stimulating apoptosis, and more cells were blocked in G1 and S phase in the mangiferin-treated cells than in those not treated with mangiferin. Microarrays and micro-RNA sequencing data suggested that there is a higher level of miR-27b and miR-92a in LUAD tissues than in non-LUAD tissues. Additional experiments indicated that mangiferin may be related to the downregulated levels of miR-92a and miR-27b. In conclusion, mangiferin likely regulates proliferation and apoptosis in LUAD cells by reducing the expression levels of miR-92a and miR-27b.

20.
Front Oncol ; 11: 683589, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34336668

RESUMO

Ferroptosis, a newly discovered form of programmed cell death characterized by lipid peroxidation, crafts a new perspective on cancer treatment. Serine and arginine rich splicing factor 9 (SFRS9) is frequently described as a proto-oncogene in cervical and bladder cancer. However, the role of SFRS9 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and whether SFRS9 exerts its function associated with ferroptosis is largely unknown. Herein, we found that the expression of SFRS9 mRNA and protein in the CRC tissues was obviously higher than that in the paracancerous tissues. Function assays revealed that SFRS9 overexpression (SFRS9-OE) significantly promoted cell viability, cell cycle progression and colony formation of CRC cells. While SFRS9 knockdown by shRNAs transfection inhibited these progressions. Furthermore, cell death and lipid peroxidation induced by ferroptosis inducers erastin and sorafenib were suppressed by SFRS9-OE. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that SFRS9 can bind to peroxidase 4 (GPX4) mRNA which is a central regulator of ferroptosis. Western blot showed that GPX4 protein expression was clearly elevated upon SFRS9-OE, while it was decreased in SFRS9-inhibited CRC cells. RNA immunoprecipitation experiment was carried out in HCT116 cells to confirm the binding of SFRS9 and GPX4 mRNA specifically. SiGPX4 transfection reversed the inhibitory effects of SFRS9-OE on the erastin and sorafenib-induced ferroptosis. Consistent with our in vitro observations, SFRS9 promoted the growth of tumors while SFRS9 knockdown significantly inhibited tumor growth in nude mice. In conclusion, SFRS9 represents an obstructive factor to ferroptosis by upregulating GPX4 protein expression, and knocking down SFRS9 might be an effective treatment for CRC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...