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1.
Mol Metab ; 31: 24-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long-term glucocorticoids (GCs) therapy usually causes many metabolic side effects, including fatty liver. However, the molecular mechanisms remain poorly understood. Herein, we explored the molecular basis of GCs in the development of fatty liver. METHODS: C57BL/6 male mice were injected with Dexamethasone (DEX) while mouse primary hepatocytes (MPHs), HepG2 and Hep1-6 cells were cultured in the presence of DEX. Genes expression in liver tissues and hepatocytes were assessed by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. To explore whether Periostin is involved in the development of GCs-induced fatty liver, wild-type and Periostin knockout mice were treated with DEX or vehicle control. Luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays were used to determine the regulatory roles of GCs on Periostin expression. RESULTS: We show that treatment of dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic analog of GCs, led to the accumulation of triglycerides in the livers of mice, but not in cultured hepatocytes, suggesting that GCs may promote liver steatosis through integrative organ crosstalk mediated by systemic factors. We further found that DEX upregulated the expression levels of Periostin in white adipose tissues, which in turn promoted liver steatosis. Administration of a Periostin-neutralizing antibody or genetic ablation of Periostin largely attenuated DEX-induced hepatic steatosis in mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provided a novel insight that GCs could promote liver steatosis through integrative organ crosstalk mediated by white fat-secreted Periostin. These results establish Periostin as an endocrine factor with therapeutic potential for the treatment of GCs-associated fatty liver.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: National investigations on the interaction of insulin resistance, ß-cell dysfunction, and obesity with the development of diabetes are scarce in China. We aimed to investigate the individual and joint associations of insulin resistance and ß-cell dysfunction with incident diabetes, and to examine the modifying effect of BMI and waist circumference on these associations among adults with normal glucose tolerance and with prediabetes. METHODS: In this nationwide, population-based, prospective cohort study, we analysed data from the China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study, which recruited adults aged 40 years or older during 2011-12 (baseline) and invited participants to attend follow-up visits in 2014-16. Patients with diabetes at baseline, missing data for baseline measures of glucose tolerance status, missing data for baseline homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA) indexes, missing data for baseline covariates, and missing data for measures of glucose tolerance status at follow-up visits were excluded. At baseline and follow-up visits, a comprehensive set of questionnaires, clinical measurements, oral glucose tolerance tests, and laboratory examinations were carried out following standardised protocols. Glucose tolerance status and prediabetes were defined according to the American Diabetes Association 2010 criteria. In the main analysis, we examined the contributions of insulin resistance (HOMA of insulin resistance [HOMA-IR]) and ß-cell dysfunction (HOMA of ß-cell function [HOMA-B]) to diabetes risk, and evaluated the impact of obesity on these associations. FINDINGS: 94 952 participants (31 517 men and 63 435 women) were included in the analysis. High HOMA-IR was associated with a greater hazard of diabetes (quartile 4 vs 1: hazard ratio [HR] 6·70, 95% CI 6·08-7·39; per unit increase in Z score: HR 2·17, 95% CI 2·10-2·24) than low HOMA-B (quartile 1 vs 4: 4·08, 3·72-4·48; per unit decrease in Z score: 1·92, 1·85-2·00). Approximately 24·4% (95% CI 23·6-25·2) of the incident diabetes could be attributed to insulin resistance and 12·4% (11·2-13·7) could be attributed to ß-cell dysfunction. The HRs for diabetes were 1·83 (95% CI 1·72-1·95) per unit increase in Z score of HOMA-IR and 2·03 (1·86-2·21) per unit decrease in Z score of HOMA-B among participants with normal weight; the corresponding HRs for diabetes were 2·02 (1·93-2·11) and 1·88 (1·79-1·98) among participants with obesity (pinteraction=0·0091). These associations and interactions were similar for participants with normal glucose tolerance or prediabetes. INTERPRETATION: Insulin resistance shows a stronger association with incident diabetes than does ß-cell dysfunction in Chinese adults, and this association pattern was more prominent among adults with obesity. Given the limitations of HOMA indexes as surrogate measures of insulin resistance and ß-cell dysfunction, these findings should be interpreted with caution. FUNDING: National Natural Science Foundation of China.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845677

RESUMO

The highly hydrophilic COF material (TFPT-BMTH) was constructed by pore surface functionalizing strategy, and exhibited excellent porosity, high crystallinity, and good thermal and chemical stability. The resulting COF exhibits significant catalytic activity and recyclability together with environmental benignity in photocatalytic oxidation of benzylamine in water under ambient conditions.

4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 4944-4952, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854560

RESUMO

The construction of the Three Gorges Reservoir has had certain effects on the ecological environment of the water and serious phytoplankton blooms have occurred in its tributary embayment. To explore the spatial distribution of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrients and chlorophyll-a in different tributaries of the Three Gorges Reservoir, a water quality study (June 2018) was conducted in the Xiangxi River, Shengnongxi River, and Daning River of the Three Gorges Reservoir. The results showed that the average TN in the three tributaries was 1.86 mg·L-1, 1.90 mg·L-1, and 1.43 mg·L-1, respectively, and average TP was 0.09 mg·L-1, 0.07 mg·L-1, and 0.05 mg·L-1, respectively. Single-factor ANOVA analysis showed that the spatial difference in TN was significant and occurred in the following order:Shennongxi River > Xiangxi River > Daning River. There were significant differences in the spatial distribution of TP, which were in the order off Xiangxi River > Shennongxi River > Daning River. The mean concentrations of chlorophyll-a in the three tributaries was 6.41 µg·L-1, 21.39 µg·L-1, and 9.85µg·L-1, respectively. The results from the Pearson correlation analysis, showed that chlorophyll-a concentrations were closely related to TP distribution in all tributaries, but Zeu/Zmix was also correlated with the distribution of chlorophyll-a in the Shennongxi River and Daning River. The ratio of TN and TP concentrations was 22.36, 26.76, and 28.6, respectively, which revealed that TP is a critical and limiting factor affecting phytoplankton growth in its tributary embayment.


Assuntos
Clorofila A , Rios , Sais , China , Clorofila , Monitoramento Ambiental , Eutrofização , Inundações , Nitrogênio , Nutrientes , Fósforo , Estações do Ano
5.
Ann Transl Med ; 7(18): 488, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31700924

RESUMO

Background: Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease with high recurrence rates and increasing incidence. Patients require long-term medication to reduce symptoms and prevent disease progression. Therefore, the development of treatments with high efficiency and low rate of adverse events is of utmost importance. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plays an outstanding role in reducing disease symptoms and improving quality of life. The aim of this trial is to clarify the treatment efficacy, safety, and control of disease recurrence in patients with psoriasis with blood-stasis syndrome treated with Taodan granules (TDKL). Methods: This trial is a five-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study planned to transpire between September 1, 2019, and December 31, 2021. A sample size of 216 participants (108 per group) with mild-to-moderate psoriasis will be randomly assigned to receive TDKL or placebo twice per day, 7 days per week, for 8 weeks. The study duration will be 17 weeks, including a 1-week screening period, 8 weeks of intervention, and another 8 weeks of follow-up. The primary outcomes are improvement in the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index score and recurrence rate after 8 weeks of treatment. Secondary outcomes include body surface area affected and the scores for the Physician Global Assessment, Dermatology Life Quality Index, pain-related quality of life, pain on the visual analogue scale, and TCM syndromes. The number, nature, and severity of adverse events will be carefully recorded. Discussion: The study results will help clarify the safety and efficacy of TDKL as treatment for psoriasis with respect to both disease regression and recurrence rate. We expect that this study will provide high-quality evidence with important public health implications that may alter the approach to psoriasis management in China. Trial registration: The trial has been registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (ID: NCT03942198).

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782042

RESUMO

Novel biochar was prepared by ball milling using bamboo as raw material. The aim of this study was to find a good alternative way to improve the potentials of biochar for ammonium adsorption from aqueous solution. The sorption performance of ball-milled bamboo biochar (BMBB) was compared with that of bamboo biochar (BB) using batch adsorption experiments. Different adsorption kinetics models proved that the pseudo-second order was the best kinetic model for explanation of the adsorption kinetics characteristics, indicative of the energetically heterogeneous solid surface of the biochar. The Langmuir model could fit the isothermal adsorption data of BMBB well. The maximum adsorption capacity of BMBB (22.9 mg g-1) was much higher than that of BB (7.0 mg g-1). This study offers a relatively cost-effective and efficient methodology for the improvement in the adsorption capacity of biochar for ammonium nitrogen.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31736870

RESUMO

Clear evidence indicates that cytokines, for instance, adipokines, hepatokines, inflammatory cytokines, myokines, and osteokines, contribute substantially to the development of abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. Some cytokines play a positive role in metabolism action, while others have a negative metabolic role linking to the induction of metabolic dysfunction. The mechanisms involved are not fully understood, but are associated with lipid accumulation in organs and tissues, especially in the adipose and liver tissue, changes in energy metabolism, and inflammatory signals derived from various cell types, including immune cells. In this review, we describe the roles of certain cytokines in the regulation of metabolism and inter-organ signaling in regard to the pathophysiological aspects. Given the disease-related changes in circulating levels of relevant cytokines, these factors may serve as biomarkers for the early detection of metabolic disorders. Moreover, based on preclinical studies, certain cytokines that can induce improvements in glucose and lipid metabolism and immune response may emerge as novel targets of broader and more efficacious treatments and prevention of metabolic disease.

8.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 4010764, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737170

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by elevated blood glucose and/or high serum free fatty acids. Chronic hyperlipidemia causes the dysfunction of pancreatic beta cells, which is aggravated in the presence of hyperglycemia (glucolipotoxicity). Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been suggested to play key roles in type 1 diabetes mellitus development. However, their roles in glucolipotoxicity-induced beta cell dysfunction are not fully understood. In the present study, we identified the differentially expressed lncRNAs in INS-1 cells exposed to high glucose and palmitate (HG/PA). Among the dysregulated lncRNAs, NONRATT003679.2 (low expression in glucolipotoxicity-treated beta cells (LEGLTBC)) was involved in glucolipotoxicity-evoked rat islet beta cell damage. LEGLTBC functioned as a molecular sponge of miR-34a in INS-1 cells. Additionally, SIRT1 was identified as a target of miR-34a and LEGLTBC promoted SIRT1 expression by sponging miR-34a. The upregulation of LEGLTBC attenuated HG/PA-induced INS-1 cell injury through the promotion of SIRT1-mediated suppression of ROS accumulation and apoptosis. This is the first study to comprehensively identify the lncRNA expression profiling of HG/PA-treated INS-1 beta cells and to demonstrate that LEGLTBC functions as a competing endogenous RNA and regulates miR-34a/SIRT1-mediated oxidative stress and apoptosis in INS-1 cells undergoing glucolipotoxicity.

9.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1568-1573, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of low-dose decitabine (DAC) alone for treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) Methods: Fifty-one patients with meddle- and high-risk MDS were selected, and were randomly divided into A, B and C groups according to the drug regimens: the therapeutic regimen in A group consisted of low dose DAC 10 mg/(m2·d)×7 d; the therapeutic regimen in B group: normal dose DAC 20 mg/(m2·d) ×5 d; the therapeutic regimen in C group: low dose DAC+CAG DAC 10 mg/(m2·d) d 1-5,cytarabine 10 mg/(m2·d) q12h d 1-7, aclaromycin 10 mg/d d 1-4,G-CSF 200 µg/(m2·d), d 1-7. All patients in 3 groups were treated for 4 circles. The efficacy and response were compared among 3 groups. RESULTS: The complete remission rates (CR%) in A, B and C groups were 18.75%, 22.22% and 23.53% respectively, and the overall response rate (ORR%) in A, B and C groups were 56.25%, 61.11% and 58.82% respectively, without statistical difference among 3 groups (P>0.05).After 1 year of follow-up, the survival rate was not significantly different among 3 groups, the blood cell accounts were higher than the basic value. After 1 course of treatment, the inhibition rate of III-IV grade myelosuppression was statistically significantly different among the 3 groups (P<0.05), and the infection rate among 3 groups also was statistically different, The incidence of myelosuppression and infection in A group was significantly lower than that in B and C groups. The per capita blood transfusion during the four-month treatment was not statistically different among 3 groups. however, that in the A group was lesser than B and C groups. CONCLUSION: The therapeutic efficacy of low dose decitabine alone for treatment of MDS is equal to routine dose decitabine and decitabine plus CAG, but the low dose group shows less myelosuppressive and more safe effects.


Assuntos
Decitabina/uso terapêutico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Citarabina , Humanos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Neurosci Bull ; 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641986

RESUMO

Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and cellular Src (c-Src) are closely associated with inflammatory cytokines and oxidative stress in hypertension, so we designed this study to explore the exact role of c-Src in the mechanism of action of the TLR4 signaling pathway in salt-induced hypertension. Salt-sensitive rats were given a high salt diet for 10 weeks to induce hypertension. This resulted in higher levels of TLR4, activated c-Src, pro-inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress, and arterial pressure. Infusion of a TLR4 blocker into the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) decreased the activated c-Src, while microinjection of a c-Src inhibitor attenuated the PVN levels of nuclear factor-kappa B, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress. Our findings suggest that a long-term high-salt diet increases TLR4 expression in the PVN and this promotes the activation of c-Src, which upregulates the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and results in the overproduction of reactive oxygen species. Therefore, inhibiting central c-Src activity may be a new target for treating hypertension.

11.
HLA ; 94(6): 519-521, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523929

RESUMO

HLA-A*24:02:78 differs from HLA-A*24:02:01:01 in exon 3 by a single nucleotide.

12.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 43(11): 2344-2353, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: (Pro)renin receptor (PRR), a novel member of the renin-angiotensin system, participates in various cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of PRR in alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM), which is caused by alcohol intake and manifests as myocardial damage and cardiac dysfunction, remains unclear. METHODS: PRR gene silencing was achieved by transfecting recombinant adenovirus expressing anti-PRR short hairpin RNA (PRR-shRNA). In vitro, primary rat cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were cultured with the stimulation of alcohol (200 mM), with or without PRR-shRNA and PD98059. Immunofluorescence, RT-PCR, and Western blot were used to measure the protein and messenger (mRNA) expression of PRR, fibrotic factors, and members of related signaling pathways. In vivo, Wistar rats were fed a diet containing 9% (v/v) alcohol or a normal diet for 3 months, with or without PRR-shRNA. Sirius Red staining, immunohistochemical staining, and toluidine blue staining were used to evaluate myocardial fibrosis, oxidative stress, and inflammation response. RESULTS: Alcohol markedly increased PRR mRNA and protein expression in a time- and concentration-dependent manner in CFs. The increased expression of fibrotic factors induced by alcohol was prevented by PRR-shRNA and PD98059. Moreover, PRR-shRNA decreased the phosphorylation of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) 1/2 in CFs. Furthermore, PRR-shRNA decreased cardiac fibrosis, reduced oxidative stress, and alleviated inflammation response in the myocardial tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that PRR-ERK1/2 signaling was involved in the development of ACM and that PRR could be a new target for the treatment of ACM.

13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 141: 41-50, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476391

RESUMO

In this study, the reaction conditions of sulfur trioxide-pyridine (SO3-Pyr) method for the modification of Qingke ß-glucans (THB) were optimized by response surface methodology, and effects of different degrees of substitution (low, medium, and high) on the physicochemical properties, antioxidant activities, and in vitro hypolipidemic activities of THB were investigated. The optimal reaction conditions to obtain the high degree of substitution of sulfated ß-glucans were as follows: ratio of SO3-Pyr to THB of 16.88 g/g, reaction time of 2.03 h, and reaction temperature of 57.54 °C. Results showed that sulfated modification significantly affected the water solubilities, apparent viscosities, molecular weights, and molar ratios of constituent monosaccharides of THB. Besides, the sulfated THB exhibited much better antioxidant activities (DPPH and nitric oxide radical scavenging activities, and reducing powers), in vitro binding properties (fat, cholesterol, and bile-acid binding capacities), and pancreatic lipase inhibition activities than that of THB. Indeed, the sulfated THB with higher degree of substitution has stronger antioxidant activities and in vitro hypolipidemic activities. Results suggested that the sulfated modification could be an efficient approach for the improvement of functional properties of THB, and sulfated THB could be further explored as functional food ingredients for industrial applications.

14.
Molecules ; 24(15)2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382366

RESUMO

In order to explore Cassia seed polysaccharides (CSPs) as natural antioxidants for application in the functional-food industry, microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) was optimized for the extraction of CSPs by using a response surface methodology. Furthermore, the chemical structures and antioxidant activities of CSPs extracted by MAE and hot water extraction were investigated and compared. The maximum extraction yield of CSPs extracted by MAE (8.02 ± 0.19%) was obtained at the optimized extraction parameters as follows: microwave power (415 W), extraction time (7.0 min), and ratio of water to raw material (51 mL/g). Additionally, the contents of the uronic acids, molecular weight, ratio of constituent monosaccharides, intrinsic viscosities, and degrees of esterification of CSPs were significantly affected by the MAE method. Moreover, CSPs exhibited remarkable 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) ABTS, 2,2-diphenyl-1-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) hydrazyl DPPH, nitric oxide, and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities as well as reducing power. The high antioxidant activities observed in CSPs extracted by MAE could be partially attributed to its low molecular weights and high content of unmethylated galacturonic acid. Results indicate that the MAE method could be an efficient technique for the extraction of CSPs with high antioxidant activity, and CSPs could be further explored as functional food ingredients.

15.
JAMA Cardiol ; 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365039

RESUMO

Importance: Whether optimal cardiovascular health metrics may counteract the risk of cardiovascular events among patients with prediabetes or diabetes is unclear. Objective: To investigate the associations of ideal cardiovascular health metrics (ICVHMs) with subsequent development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among participants with prediabetes or diabetes as compared with participants with normal glucose regulation. Design, Setting, and Participants: The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study was a nationwide, population-based, prospective cohort study of 20 communities from various geographic regions in China. The study included 111 765 participants who were free from CVD or cancer at baseline. Data were analyzed between 2011 and 2016. Exposures: Prediabetes and diabetes were defined according to the American Diabetes Association 2010 criteria. Seven ICVHMs were adapted from the American Heart Association recommendations. Main Outcomes and Measures: The composite of incident fatal or nonfatal CVD, including cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and hospitalized or treated heart failure. Results: Of the 111 765 participants, 24 881 (22.3%) had normal glucose regulation, 61 024 (54.6%) had prediabetes, and 25 860 (23.1%) had diabetes. Mean (SD) age ranged from 52.9 (8.6) years to 59.4 (8.7) years. Compared with participants with normal glucose regulation, among participants with prediabetes, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratio for CVD was 1.34 (95% CI, 1.16-1.55) for participants who had 1 ICVHM or less and 0.57 (95% CI, 0.43-0.75) for participants who had at least 5 ICVHMs; among participants with diabetes, the hazard ratios for CVD were 2.05 (95% CI, 1.76-2.38) and 0.80 (95% CI, 0.56-1.15) for participants who had 1 ICVHM or less and at least 5 ICVHMs, respectively. Such pattern of association between ICVHM and CVD was more prominent for participants younger than 55 years (prediabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: hazard ratio [HR], 0.32; 95% CI, 0.16-0.63; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.58, 95% CI, 1.13-2.21; diabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.44-2.26; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.71-3.54; compared with normal glucose regulation) than for participants 65 years or older (prediabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.80; 95% CI, 0.50-1.26; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.79-1.31; diabetes and at least 5 ICVHMs: HR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.46-1.35; 1 ICVHM or less: HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.36-2.22, compared with normal glucose regulation; P values for interaction ≤.02). Additionally, the hazard ratio for CVD per additional ICVHM was 0.82 (95% CI, 0.79-0.86) among participants with prediabetes and was 0.85 (95% CI, 0.80-0.89) among participants with diabetes. Conclusions and Relevance: Participants with prediabetes or diabetes who had 5 or more ICVHMs exhibited lower or no significant excess CVD risks compared with the participants with normal glucose regulation.

16.
Curr Med Sci ; 39(4): 576-581, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346993

RESUMO

The present analysis aims to investigate the prevalence of thyroid nodules in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) population. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science from inception to the March 1, 2018. The studies were selected to estimate the prevalence of thyroid nodules in T2DM subjects and to compare the prevalence of thyroid nodules in different glucose tolerance status. The random effects model was used, and the outcome was presented as a pooled prevalence proportion with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) or a summary odds ratio (OR) with 95% CI. In the end, 9 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the analysis. The pooled prevalence of thyroid nodules was 60% (95% CI: 0.52, 0.68) for T2DM 2 diabetes patients, 50% (95% CI: 0.48, 0.51) for pre-diabetes, and 43% (95% CI: 0.34, 0.52) for normal glucose tolerance population. Compared with patients without diabetes, diabetes subjects are more likely to develop thyroid nodules, adjusted OR for thyroid nodule was 1.78 (95% CI: 1.25, 2.55). Insulin resistance might be involved in thyroid nodule development.

17.
Clin Transplant ; 33(10): e13677, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342552

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the safety of donors with primary central nervous system tumors for kidney and liver transplantations. METHODOLOGY: Clinical data of 29 donors with primary CNS tumors in January 2007 to December 2017, as well as the follow-up data of 16 liver transplant recipients and 46 kidney transplant recipients, were analyzed. According to the risk factors, the high-risk group was classified as Group 1, the low-risk factors were classified as Group 2, and the unknown risk group was classified as Group 3. The incidence of donor-transmitted CNS tumors was calculated and compared. RESULTS: The duration from the diagnosis of 29 donors to donation was 5.67 ± 6.36 months. None of the liver and kidney transplant recipients who were followed up had tumor metastasis. Although the mean survival time of Group 1 was lower than that of Group 2 and Group 3, the Kaplan-Meier curve showed no significant difference in survival time. CONCLUSION: No obvious difference was observed between high-risk and low-risk and unknown risk CNS tumors in terms of the survival rate of transplants and tumor metastasis rate. High-risk CNS tumor donors can be used with the informed consent of recipients after a full evaluation.

18.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(7): 701-707, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the structural features of intestinal flora in preterm rats with cognitive impairment and the association of the change in intestinal flora with cognitive impairment in preterm rats. METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats at 16-17 days of gestation were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide for two consecutive days to establish a model of cognitive impairment, and the rats treated with intraperitoneally injected phosphate-buffered saline were established as the control group. Cesarean section was performed on day 21 of gestation, and preterm rats were randomly assigned to healthy maternal rats for feeding. The place navigation test in the Morris water maze was used to evaluate cognition on day 30 after birth. According to the result, the preterm rats were divided into cognitive impairment group with 21 rats and normal control group with 10 rats. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was used to observe pathological changes of the hippocampus, and fecal samples were collected for 16S rRNA sequencing and analysis. A principal component analysis (PCA) was performed for intestinal flora. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the cognitive impairment group showed degeneration and necrosis of a large number of neurons in the hippocampus. Compared with the normal control group, the cognitive impairment group had significant reductions in the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora (P<0.05), with a significant increase in the abundance of Proteobacteria at the phylum level (P<0.05), as well as significant reductions in the abundance of Prevotella and Lactobacillus and significant increases in the abundance of Staphylococcaceae and Oligella at the order, family, and genus levels (P<0.05). PCA showed a significant difference in the composition of intestinal flora between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: There is a significant change in the structure of intestinal flora in preterm rats with cognitive impairment, which provides a basis for the treatment and intervention of microecological changes due to cognitive impairment after preterm birth.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Animais , Cesárea , Feminino , Gravidez , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
19.
J Texture Stud ; 50(6): 571-581, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286513

RESUMO

The study investigated the effect of native cassava starch (NCS), hydroxypropylated starch, acetic acid esterification starch (AAES), acetylated distarch phosphate on gel properties and protein conformation of Nemipterus virgatus surimi. Addition of 10 g kg-1 NCS or 20 g kg-1 AAES could significantly promote the gel strength and textural profiles of the surimi gels (p < .05). The water holding ability and whiteness of surimi were remarkably increased when the four types of starch were added at all concentrations (p < .05). In rheological test, the lower G' was observed in surimi samples added with starch at low temperature, suggesting starch played an inactive filler role in surimi. Along with the increase of starch additive amount, ionic bond and hydrophobic interaction first increased and then decreased, while hydrogen bond first decrease and then increased. According to Raman spectroscopy data, small content of starch promoted the heat-induced conformational transition of surimi protein from α-helix to ß-sheet, leading to the change in gel properties of surimi gels. Scanning electron microscopy photographs showed surimi gels added with 20 g kg-1 starch had the finer and denser network structure. Therefore, 20 g kg-1 AAES or 10 g kg-1 NCS or 10 g kg-1 HS could be proposed to a potential modifier to effectively improve the quality of surimi products.

20.
Mol Divers ; 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31309395

RESUMO

An efficient strategy for synthesizing of 3-substituted bis-isoxazole ether bearing 2-chloro-3-pyridyl under microwave radiation was reported. The reactive regioselectivity was improved by changing mainly the solvent and acid-binding agent. 3-(2-Chloropyridin-3-yl)-5-(((3-substituted phenyl isoxazol-5-yl)methoxy)methyl)isoxazoles were synthesized in 31-92% yields and were characterized by FT-IR, HRMS, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The single crystal of 3-(2-chloropyridin-3-yl)-5-(((3-(p-tolyl)isoxazol-5-yl)methoxy)methyl)isoxazole was obtained, and the structure of compound has also been determined by X-ray diffraction technique. Weak intra- and intermolecular C-H∙∙∙O interactions and a C-H∙∙∙π interaction link molecules into a three-dimensional network. The results showed that the synthesized compounds belonged to triclinic system, and their regioselectivity depended on the solvent and acid-binding agent. The merits of this method include the environmentally friendly, efficient, simple operation, and higher regional selectivity. An efficient synthesis of 3-substituted bis-isoxazole ethers was developed via 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition reaction starting from 3-substituted phenyl-5-((prop-2-yn-1-yloxy))methyl)isoxazoles and (Z)-2-chloro-N-hydroxynicotinimidoyl chloride using NaHCO3 as an acid-binding agent in THF solvent-dissolved trace water under catalyst-free microwave-assisted conditions.

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