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1.
Mar Biotechnol (NY) ; 23(2): 294-307, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570690

RESUMO

In mammals, mature miR-122 is 22 nucleotides long and can be involved in regulating a variety of physiological and biological pathways. In this study, the expression profile and effects of grouper Epinephelus coioides miR-122 response to Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) infection were investigated. The sequences of mature microRNAs (miRNAs) from different organisms are highly conserved, and miR-122 from E. coioides exhibits high similarity to that from mammals and other fish. The expression of miR-122 was up-regulated during SGIV infection. Up-regulation of miR-122 could significantly enhance the cytopathic effects (CPE) induced by SGIV, the transcription levels of viral genes (MCP, VP19, LITAF and ICP18), and viral replication; reduce the expression of inflammatory factors (TNF-a, IL-6, and IL-8), and the activity of AP-1 and NF-κB, and miR-122 can bind the target gene p38α MAPK to regulate the SGIV-induced cell apoptosis and the protease activity of caspase-3. The results indicated that SGIV infection can up-regulate the expression of E. coioides miR-122, and up-regulation of miR-122 can affect the activation of inflammatory factors, the activity of AP-1 and NF-κB, and cell apoptosis to regulate viral replication and proliferation.

2.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104013, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465381

RESUMO

Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) in mammals, a gene closely associated with apoptosis, is involved in many biological processes, such as cell aging, differentiation, regulation of cell cycle, and inflammatory response. In this study, grouper Epinephelus coioides PDCD4, EcPDCD4-1 and EcPDCD4-2, were obtained. The open reading frame (ORF) of EcPDCD4-1 is 1413 bp encoding 470 amino acids with a molecular mass of 52.39 kDa and a theoretical pI of 5.33. The ORF of EcPDCD4-2 is 1410 bp encoding 469 amino acids with a molecular mass of 52.29 kDa and a theoretical pI of 5.29. Both EcPDCD4-1 and EcPDCD4-2 proteins contain two conserved MA3 domains, and their mRNA were detected in all eight tissues of E. coioides by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) with the highest expression in liver. The expressions of two EcPDCD4s were significantly up-regulated after Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) or Vibrio alginolyticus infection. In addition, over-expression of EcPDCD4-1 or EcPDCD4-2 can inhibit the activity of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1), and regulate SGIV-induced apoptosis. The results demonstrated that EcPDCD4s might play important roles in E. coioides tissues during pathogen-caused inflammation.

3.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 119: 104020, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476669

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein kinase 4 (MKK4), a member of the MAP kinase family, play important roles in response to many environmental and cellular stresses in mammals. In this study, three MKK4 subtypes, EcMKK4-1, EcMKK4-2 and EcMKK4-3, were obtained from grouper Epinephelus coioides. The open reading frame (ORF) of EcMKK4s are obtained and the EcMKK4s proteins contain highly conserved domains: a S_TKc domain, a canonical diphosphorylation group and two conserved MKKK ATP binding motifs, Asp-Phe-Gly (DFG) and Ala-Pro-Glu (APE). EcMKK4s could be found both in the cytoplasmic and nuclear. The EcMKK4s mRNA were detected in all E. coioides tissues examined with the different expression levels, and the expression were up-regulated during SGIV (Singapore grouper iridescent virus) or Vibrio alginolyticus infection. EcMKK4 could significantly reduce the activation of AP-1 reporter gene. The results suggested that EcMKK4s might play important roles in pathogen-caused inflammation.

4.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 125-134, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31809835

RESUMO

Heat shock protein 22 (Hsp22) is an important regulatory factor response to various stresses in mammals. In this study, the full length cDNA of Epinephelus coioides Hsp22, which was 1680bp in length, with a 289 bp 5' UTR, a 725 bp 3'UTR, and a 666 bp open reading frame encoding 221 amino acids, was obtained. E. coioides Hsp22 contains a highly conserved α-crystallin domain. E. coioides Hsp22 mRNA was detected in all tissues examined by quantitative real-time PCR, with the highest expression in blood, followed by the spleen, skin, gill, head kidney, muscle, heart, liver, trunk kidney, stomach, pyloric caeca, intestine, brain and thymus. The expression patterns of E. coioides Hsp22 response to infection with Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV) and Vribro alginolyticus, the important pathogens of E. coioides, were studied. The expression levels of the gene were up-regulated in the tissues examined. Subcellular localization analysis demonstrated that E. coioides Hsp22 was distributed in both the cytoplasm and nucleus. In addition, E. coioides Hsp22 significantly inhibited the SGIV-induced cell apoptosis. In summary, the E. coioides Hsp22 might play a critical role in pathogenic stimulation.


Assuntos
Bass/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Vibrioses/veterinária , Viroses/veterinária , Animais , Bass/microbiologia , Bass/virologia , Clonagem Molecular , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/microbiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/virologia , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/imunologia , Iridovirus , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrio alginolyticus , Viroses/imunologia
5.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 500-507, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247318

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein kinase 6 (MKK6) is one of the major important central regulatory proteins response to environmental and physiological stimuli. In this study, a novel MKK6, EcMKK6, was isolated from Epinephelus coioides, an economically important cultured fish in China and Southeast Asian counties. The open reading frame (ORF) of EcMKK6 is 1077 bp encoding 358 amino acids. EcMKK6 contains a serine/threonine protein kinase (S_TKc) domain, a tyrosine kinase catalytic domain, a conserved dual phosphorylation site in the SVAKT motif and a conserved DVD domain. By in situ hybridization (ISH) with Digoxigenin-labeled probe, EcMKK6 mainly located at the cytoplasm of cells, and a little appears in the nucleus. EcMKK6 mRNA can be detected in all eleven tissues examined, but the expression level is different in these tissues. After challenge with Vibrio alginolyticus and Singapore grouper iridovirus (SGIV), the transcription level of EcMKK6 was apparently up-regulated in the tissues examined. The data demonstrated that the sequence and the characters of EcMKK6 were conserved, EcMKK6 showed tissue-specific expression profiles in healthy grouper, and the expression was significantly varied after pathogen infection, indicating that EcMKK6 may play important roles in E. coioides during pathogen-caused inflammation.


Assuntos
Bass/genética , Bass/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 6/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 6/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , MAP Quinase Quinase 6/química , Filogenia , Ranavirus/fisiologia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária , Vibrioses/imunologia , Vibrioses/veterinária , Vibrio alginolyticus/fisiologia
6.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 86: 1081-1087, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30593900

RESUMO

Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are small proteins showing broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity that have been known to be powerful agents against a variety of pathogens (bacteria, fungi and viruses). In this study, the effects of AMPs from Bacillus subtilis on Epinephelus coioides were examined. E. coioides were fed with diets containing AMPs (0, 100, 200, 400 or 800 mg/kg) for four weeks. Results showed that the levels of total protein (TP), albumin (ALB), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and blood glucose (GLU) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the serum of E. coioides changed than those of the control group; compared to the control group, the levels of total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), malondialdehyde (MDA) and lysozyme (LZM) levels in E. coioides fed with different dosages AMP diets were also different; in addition, the mRNA expression of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1-beta (IL-1ß), and heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) in the tissues of E. coioides were measured, the three genes in the tissues examined were significantly upregulated. The results demonstrated that diets containing AMPs can enhance the antioxidant capacity and innate immune ability of E. coioides, indicating that AMPs might be a potential alternative to antibiotics in E. coioides.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Bass/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/administração & dosagem , Bacillus subtilis/química , Bass/metabolismo , Análise Química do Sangue/veterinária , Dieta/veterinária
7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 84: 1090-1097, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30419398

RESUMO

MEK dual-specificity protein kinases are a group of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases, which act as an integration point by transferring extracellular signals to the nucleus. To investigate the function of MEK in teleost fish, we cloned MEK1 and MEK2 cDNA sequences from the orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). EcMEK1 and EcMEK2 shared 80% amino acid identity with each other. EcMEK1 had 89-99% amino acid identity with teleosts or mammals, whereas EcMEK2 shared 85-97% amino acid identity. The exon structures of the grouper MEK1/2 genes were conserved with zebrafish and human MEK1/2. Tissue distribution analysis showed that EcMEK1 and EcMEK2 had a similar expression pattern in grouper tissues and was mainly transcribe in systemic immune organs. Both EcMEK1 and EcMEK2 were distributed throughout the cytoplasm of transfected GS or HEK293T cells. Overexpression of EcMEK1 or EcMEK2 activated Activator protein 1 dependent luciferase. The phosphorylation levels of EcMEK1/2 and EcERK1/2 were significantly increased in head kidney leukocytes by stimulation with PMA treatment. The grouper MEK1/2-ERK1/2 axis was activated in Cryptocaryon irritans infection and showed an enhanced phosphorylation after immunization.


Assuntos
Bass/genética , Bass/imunologia , Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Peixes/química , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/veterinária , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/imunologia , MAP Quinase Quinase 2/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase 2/imunologia , Filogenia , Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
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