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J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 174: 367-375, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202879


Fufang Danshen Dripping Pill (FDDP) and Clopidogrel Bisulfate Tablet (CBT) are usually combined for treatment of coronary artery diseases in clinical. To investigate the pharmacokinetic interaction between FDDP and CBT after oral administration of FDDP, CBT and their combination in rats, a novel LC-MS method with segmented scan modes (multiple reaction monitoring and selected ion monitoring) and polarity (positive and negative ionization) was developed. Clopidogrel and the main active ingredients of FDDP, with different chemical and ionization properties, were simultaneously quantified in plasma in a single run. The method was validated in terms of specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy, recovery, matrix effect and stability. As a result, co-administration of FDDP and CBT significantly altered the pharmacokinetic parameters of danshensu, ginsenoside Rb1, dihydrotanshinone I, tanshinone I and tanshinone IIA of FDDP, as well as clopidogrel. Mechanism studies suggested that induction of liver cytochrome P450 isozymes CYP2C11 and CYP3A1 by co-administration, as well as inhibition of carboxyl esterase 1, was partly responsible for FDDP-CBT pharmacokinetic interactions. The developed LC-MS method could be used to simultaneously quantify different types of in vivo analytes in a single run, and the results could be used for clinical medication guidance of FDDP and CBT.

Phytomedicine ; 58: 152866, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831464


BACKGROUND: Herbal compatibility of compound formulas can enhance therapeutic effects or reduce side effects of the monarch drugs, but majority of compatibility mechanisms are still unknown. Sangju-Yin, a well-known Chinese compound formula, is currently used to treat common cold in clinical. PURPOSE: In this study, we proposed a strategy to explore the compatibility mechanism of Sangju-Yin by investigating P450 enzymes-based metabolic interactions between monarch drugs and the other constituent herbs. METHODS: Under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine theory, the constituent herbs of Sangju-Yin were divided into four groups, including monarch drugs, monarch drugs with addition of minister drugs, monarch drugs with addition of minister and adjuvant drugs, as well as the whole recipe, namely monarch drugs with addition of minister, adjuvant and conductant drugs. Their effects on rats in vivo P450 (CYP1A2, CYP2A3, CYP2C6, CYP2C11 and CYP3A1) activities after oral administration were evaluated using probe drug assay based on LC-MS/MS. Moreover, effects of the four groups of herbs on mRNA expression of P450 enzymes after oral administration, as well as in vitro P450 activities after co-incubation, were investigated to explore the underlying mechanisms. RESULTS: Comparing with monarch drugs, addition of different constituent herbs significantly enhanced CYP1A2 and CYP2C6 activities, and inhibited CYP2A3 and CYP3A1 activities, indicating their possible influences on plasma concentrations of active constituents in the monarch drugs. Mechanism study suggested that these herbs affected P450 activities by transcriptional regulation and/or direct interaction with the enzymes. CONCLUSION: This study clarified the compatibility mechanism of Sangju-Yin from the aspect of P450 enzymes-based metabolic interactions, which would benefit better understanding of the therapeutic basis of Sangju-Yin.

Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/efeitos dos fármacos , Composição de Medicamentos , Interações de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1167, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386241


Sangju Ganmao tablet (SGT), a well-known Chinese patent medicine used to treat cold symptoms, is made from eight herbal medicines. In this study, an off-line hydrophilic interaction × reversed-phase two-dimensional liquid chromatography (HILIC × RP 2D-LC) method was developed to comprehensively separate the chemical constituents of SGT. Through optimization of the experimental conditions, a total of 465 peaks were finally detected in SGT, and the structures of 54 selected compounds were fully identified or tentatively characterized by quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (qTOF-MS) analysis. The established 2D-LC analysis showed high orthogonality (63.62%) and approximate 11-fold improvement in peak capacity (2399 and 1099, obtained by two calculation methods), in contrast to conventional one-dimensional RPLC separation. The eight component herbs of SGT were also respectively separated by using the 2D-LC system, and we found that a total of 12 peaks detected in SGT were not discovered in any component herbs. These newly generated chemical constituents would benefit better understanding of the compatibility mechanism of the component herbs. The strategy established in this study could be used for systematic chemical comparison of SGT and its component herbs, which contributes to exploration of herbal compatibility mechanism.