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1.
Allergol Int ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34400075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of bronchial thermoplasty (BT) on smooth muscle (SM) and nerves in small airways are unclear. METHODS: We recruited 15 patients with severe refractory asthma, who received BT treatment. Endobronchial optical-coherence tomography (EB-OCT) was performed at baseline, 3 weeks' follow-up and 2 years' follow-up to evaluate the effect of BT on airway structure. In addition, we divided 12 healthy beagles into a sham group and a BT group, the latter receiving BT on large airways (inner diameter >3 mm) of the lower lobe. The dogs' lung lobes were resected to evaluate histological and neuronal changes of the treated large airways and untreated small airways 12 weeks after BT. RESULTS: Patients receiving BT treatment had significant improvement in Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ) scores and significant reduction in asthma exacerbations. EB-OCT results demonstrated a notable increase in inner-airway area (Ai) and decrease in airway wall area percentage (Aw%) in both large (3rd-to 6th-generation) and small (7th-to 9th-generation) airways. Furthermore, the animal study showed a significant reduction in the amount of SM in BT-treated large airways but not in untreated small airways. Protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5)-positive nerves and muscarinic receptor 3 (M3 receptor) expression in large and small airways were both markedly decreased throughout the airway wall 12 weeks after BT treatment. CONCLUSIONS: BT significantly reduced nerves, but not SM, in small airways, which might shed light on the mechanism of lung denervation by BT.

2.
Respiration ; 100(11): 1097-1104, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of pulmonary malignancies remains a challenge. The efficacy and safety of bronchoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of lung cancer are not well elucidated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of RFA guided by bronchoscopic transparenchymal nodule access (BTPNA) in vivo. METHODS: In an attempt to determine the parameters of RFA, we first performed RFA in conjunction with automatic saline microperfusion in the lung in vitro with various ablation energy (10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 W) and ablation times (3, 5, 8, and 10 min). The correlation between ablated area and RFA parameter was recorded and analyzed. Further, we conducted a canine study with RFA by BTPNA in vivo, observing the ablation effect and morphological changes in the lung assessed by chest CT and histopathologic examination at various follow-up time points (1 day, n = 3; 30 days, n = 4; 90 days, n = 4). The related complications were also observed and recorded. RESULTS: More ablation energy, but not ablation time, induced a greater range of ablation area in the lung. Ablation energy applied with 15 W for 3 min served as the appropriate setting for pulmonary lesions ≤1 cm. RFA guided by BTPNA was performed in 11 canines with 100% success rate. Inflammation, congestion, and coagulation necrosis were observed after ablation, which could be repaired within 7 days; subsequently, granulation and fibrotic scar tissue developed after 30 days. No procedure-related complication occurred during the operation or in the follow-up periods. CONCLUSION: The novel RFA system and catheter in conjunction with automatic saline microperfusion present a safe and feasible modality in pulmonary parenchyma. RFA guided by BTPNA appears to be well established with an acceptable tolerance; it might further provide therapeutic benefit in pulmonary malignancies.

4.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 10(5): 2218-2228, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164271

RESUMO

Background: Airway stenting is frequently used in the palliative treatment of patients with advanced tumor-induced airway stenosis and fistulas. However, there is paucity of studies regarding the use of airway stents in restoring patency. The aim of the study was to assess the efficacy and safety of hybrid silicon Y stents and covered self-expanding metal stents (SEMS) and in reestablishing patency in airway stenoses and fistulas. Methods: This retrospective study included 31 patients between January 2016 to December 2019 with inoperable complex malignant airway stenoses and fistulas, managed with Silicone Y stents, and covered SEMS. The clinical details, clinical outcomes and complications up to 6 months were extracted from medical records. The improvement of performance was assessed based on modified British Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnea scores (t=6.892, P<0.001), Karnofsky Performance Scores (KPS) (t=-11.653, P<0.001), and performance status (PS) (t=3.503, P<0.001). Result: A total of 31 silicon Y stents and 35 covered SEMSs were inserted. Of the 31 patients (M:F 20:11; age: 54.64±9.57), 25/31 (80.6%) experienced immediate relief of symptoms following stent placement. Patients' mMRC dyspnea scores, KPS, and PS showed significant improvement following stenting. The mean duration of stent placement was 146.3±47.7 days, and 17/31 (55%) patients were alive at 6 months. No major complications related to hybrid stenting were observed during the follow-up period. Conclusions: Hybrid stenting is a feasible and safe palliative treatment for malignant airway stenosis and fistulas to improve quality of life and can be performed without major complications.

5.
Ther Adv Respir Dis ; 15: 17534666211019564, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Post-tuberculosis bronchial stenosis (PTBS) is one of the most common complications of tracheobronchial tuberculosis. Silicone stent serves as a major treatment for maintaining airway patency. However, silicone stent placement remains a large challenge in patients with severe cicatricial PTBS. Our objective was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of covered, self-expanding, metallic stents (SEMSs) as a transition to silicone stent implantation for treating severe PTBS. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of patients with severe PTBS who received airway stenting in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Medical University between September 2015 and May 2019. The types of the stent, intervention procedures, bronchoscopic findings, clinical outcomes and related complications were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Fifty-eight cases with severe PTBS were included in this study. Thirteen (22.4%) of the patients received bronchial silicone stent implantation immediately after dilations. For the remaining 45 (77.6%) patients, silicone stents could not be deployed after dilations and SEMSs implantation was implemented as a bridge to silicone stenting. The SEMSs were placed for an interval of 28.4 ± 11.1 days. All of the silicone stents were inserted successfully following the removal of SEMSs. No SEMS-related complication occurred. The subgroup analysis showed that patients who received transitional SEMSs had less luminal caliber but fewer transbronchial dilations before silicone stent implantation (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Covered SEMS placement as a transition to silicone stenting could serve as a feasible procedure to reduce complications and improve the success rate of silicone stent implantation in patients with severe PTBS.The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

7.
Respiration ; 99(6): 500-507, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485723

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The predictors and airway morphological changes during the development of postintubation tracheal stenosis (PITS) have not been well elucidated. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the validation of endobronchial optical coherence tomography (EB-OCT) in assessing the airway morphological changes in PITS. METHODS: We performed oral endotracheal intubation in 12 beagles to establish the PITS model. EB-OCT was performed respectively before modeling and on the 1st, 7th, and 12th day after extubation in 9 canines, and was conducted consecutively in 3 canines during the development of PITS. Histological findings and the thickness and gray-scale value of the tracheal wall assessed by EB-OCT measurements were analyzed and compared. RESULTS: The tracheal wall edema, granulation tissue proliferation, cartilage destruction in PITS, and airway wall thickening detected by EB-OCT were in concordance with the histopathological measurements. The consecutive EB-OCT observation of the airway structure demonstrated the tracheal wall thickness significantly increased from 344.41 ± 44.19 µm before modeling to 796.67 ± 49.75 µm on the 9th day after modeling (p < 0.05). The airway wall gray-scale values assessed by EB-OCT decreased from 111.19 ± 14.71 before modeling to 74.96 ± 4.08 on the 9th day after modeling (p < 0.05). The gray-scale value was negatively correlated with the airway wall thickness (r = -0.945, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The EB-OCT imaging, in concordance with the histopathological finding, was validated for assessing the airway morphological changes during the development of PITS. The EB-OCT evaluation of cartilage damage and gray-scale value measurement might help predict the development and prognosis of PITS.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Estenose Traqueal/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Cães , Estenose Traqueal/etiologia
9.
Chest ; 156(5): 915-925, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anatomic location of small airways, the distribution of airway cartilage, and their correlation with ageing have not been well elucidated. The objective of this article was to explore the morphologic characteristics of small airways in vivo, and how airway structural changes correlate with age using endobronchial optical coherence tomography (EB-OCT). METHODS: We recruited 112 subjects with peripheral pulmonary nodules. Participants underwent CT scan, spirometry, and EB-OCT measurements. We measured the airway internal diameter, the inner area (Ai), the airway wall area percentage (Aw%), and the thickness of airway cartilage. EB-OCT airway structural characteristics at different age intervals were analyzed, and the association between airway morphology and age was evaluated. RESULTS: Of the small airways, 47.3% originated from the seventh generation of bronchi. Cartilage was uniformly present in the third to sixth generation of bronchi, despite a decreasing proportion of cartilage from the seventh to ninth generation of bronchi (92.4%, 54.5%, and 26.8%, respectively). The thickness of airway cartilage progressively decreased with older age. In subjects 40 to 54 years of age, Ai from the third to sixth generation correlated positively with age (r = 0.577, P < .001). Both Ai from the third to sixth generation and Ai from the seventh to ninth generation correlated negatively with age in subjects 55 to 69 years of age (r = -0.374, P = .021 and r = -0.410, P = .011). Aw% from the third to sixth generation and Aw% from the seventh to ninth generation did not correlate significantly with age. CONCLUSIONS: Small airways are mainly located at the seventh generation, where cartilaginous structures are present despite reduced distribution in more distal airways, and the thickness decreased in older age. Reduction in luminal area of medium-to-small airways might be the morphologic changes associated with ageing (ie, > 55 years of age).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Remodelação das Vias Aéreas , Brônquios/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Brônquios/fisiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Respiration ; 97(1): 42-51, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30227423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydrogen-oxygen mixture (H2-O2) may reduce airway resistance in patients with acute severe tracheal stenosis, yet data supporting the clinical use of H2-O2 are insufficient. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of breathing H2-O2 in acute severe tracheal stenosis. METHODS: Thirty-five consecutive patients with severe acute tracheal stenosis were recruited in this prospective self-control study. Air, H2-O2 and O2 inhalation was given in 4 consecutive breathing steps: air for 15 min, H2-O2 (6 L per min, H2:O2 = 2: 1) for 15 min, oxygen (3 L per min) for 15 min, and H2-O2 for 120 min. The primary endpoint was inspiratory effort as assessed by diaphragm electromyography (EMGdi); the secondary endpoints were transdiaphragmatic pressure (Pdi), Borg score, vital signs, and impulse oscillometry (IOS). The concentration of H2 in the ambient environment was obtained with 12 monitors. Adverse reactions during the inhalation were recorded. RESULTS: The mean reduction in the EMGdi under H2-O2 was 10.53 ± 6.83%. The EMGdi significantly decreased during 2 H2-O2 inhalation steps (Steps 2 and 4) compared with air (Step 1) and O2 (Step 3) (52.95 ± 15.00 vs. 42.46 ± 13.90 vs. 53.20 ± 14.74 vs. 42.50 ± 14.12% for Steps 1 through 4, p < 0.05). The mean reduction in the Pdi under H2-O2 was 4.77 ± 3.51 cmH2O. Breathing H2-O2 significantly improved the Borg score and resistance parameters of IOS but not vital signs. No adverse reactions occurred. H2 was undetectable in the environment throughout the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Breathing H2-O2 may reduce the inspiratory effort in patients with acute severe tracheal stenosis and can be used for this purpose safely.


Assuntos
Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/fisiologia , Diafragma/fisiopatologia , Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Oxigênio/administração & dosagem , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Estenose Traqueal/terapia , Trabalho Respiratório/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Aguda , Administração por Inalação , Eletromiografia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oscilometria , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Método Simples-Cego , Estenose Traqueal/diagnóstico , Estenose Traqueal/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis ; 13: 3031-3044, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30319251

RESUMO

Background: Spirometry confers limited value for identifying small-airway disorders (SADs) in early-stage COPD, which can be detected with impulse oscillometry (IOS) and endobronchial optical coherence tomography (EB-OCT). Whether IOS is useful for reflecting small-airway morphological abnormalities in COPD remains unclear. Objectives: To compare the diagnostic value of spirometry and IOS for identifying SADs in heavy-smokers and COPD based on the objective assessment with EB-OCT. Methods: We recruited 59 COPD patients (stage I, n=17; stage II, n=18; stage III-IV, n=24), 26 heavy-smokers and 21 never-smokers. Assessments of clinical characteristics, spirometry, IOS and EB-OCT were performed. Receiver operation characteristic curve was employed to demonstrate the diagnostic value of IOS and spirometric parameters. Results: More advanced staging of COPD was associated with greater abnormality of IOS and spirometric parameters. Resonant frequency (Fres) and peripheral airway resistance (R5-R20) conferred greater diagnostic values than forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1%) and maximal (mid-)expiratory flow (MMEF%) predicted in discriminating SADs in never-smokers from heavy-smokers (area under curve [AUC]: 0.771 and 0.753 vs 0.570 and 0.558, respectively), and heavy-smokers from patients with stage I COPD (AUC: 0.726 and 0.633 vs 0.548 and 0.567, respectively). The combination of IOS (Fres and R5-R20) and spirometric parameters (FEV1% and MMEF% predicted) contributed to a further increase in the diagnostic value for identifying SADs in early-stage COPD. Small airway wall area percentage (Aw% 7-9), an EB-OCT parameter, correlated significantly with Fres and R5-R20 in COPD and heavy-smokers, whereas EB-OCT parameters correlated with FEV1% and MMEF% in advanced, rather than early-stage, COPD. Conclusions: IOS parameters correlated with the degree of morphologic abnormalities of small airways assessed with EB-OCT in COPD and heavy-smokers. Fres and R5-R20 might be sensitive parameters that reliably reflect SADs in heavy-smokers and early-stage COPD.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Bronquíolos/diagnóstico por imagem , Oscilometria/métodos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Espirometria/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Idoso , Resistência das Vias Respiratórias/fisiologia , Área Sob a Curva , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/patologia , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(Suppl 7): S830-S837, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29780629

RESUMO

Background: To evaluate the diagnostic performances of detecting circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and tumor cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for peripheral lung cancer. Methods: A total of 247 patients with lung cancer and 70 cases with benign lung disease were recruited in this study. Peripheral blood and BALF samples were collected, in which the tumor cells were enriched by negative immunomagnetic selection and detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) of chromosome enumeration probe 8 (CEP8). The levels of tumor-associated markers (e.g., CEA, CA125, and NSE) in peripheral blood plasma were measured by using electrochemiluminescence. Results: The numbers of CTCs detected in peripheral blood were significantly higher in patients with lung cancer than those with benign lung disease (5.78±0.57 vs. 1.13±0.39, Z=-8.64, P<0.01). Similarly, tumor cells count in BALF of malignancy were higher than that of benign lesions (6.76±0.89 vs. 0.89±0.23, Z=-6.254, P<0.01). However, as for patients with lung cancer and benign lung disease, the numbers of tumor cells in peripheral blood were comparable with those in BALF (both P>0.05). Detecting CTCs and tumor cells in BALF had similar areas under curves (AUC =0.871 and 0.963, respectively; P>0.05) in discriminating benign lesions from lung cancer (sensitivity 83.8% and 92.6%, specificity 86.5% and 99.9%, respectively), both of which were larger than those of NSE, CEA, and CA125 (AUC =0.564, 0.512 and 0.554, respectively; all P<0.05). The diagnostic performances of discriminating benign lesions and lung cancer in BALF and peripheral blood were both in concordance with that of histopathology (kappa values 0.662 and 0.569, respectively; both P<0.001). Conclusions: Detecting tumor cells in peripheral blood and BALF may sensitive to identify benign and malignant peripheral lung lesions and be of value for early diagnosis of lung cancer.

13.
J Thorac Dis ; 9(2): 287-295, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28275476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: KL-6 is a biomarker of the severity of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). We noticed a significant difference in the mean serum KL-6 level between Japanese and Caucasian patients. To assess the clinical value of serum KL-6 in Chinese PAP patients, and to compare the differences in serum KL-6 levels in Chinese patients and patients of other ethnicities. METHODS: From 2014-2016, we prospectively examined 37 Chinese Han patients with PAP, measured their serum KL-6 levels, evaluated the correlation between initial KL-6 levels and clinical variables, and compared our results with studies from Japan and Germany (similar methods were used). We searched dbSNP for the MUC1 568 (rs4072037) genotype or allele frequency distributions in China, Japan, and Germany. RESULTS: Initial serum KL-6 levels were significantly correlated with baseline PaO2, A-aDO2, DLCO, FVC, and LDH levels (all P<0.001). Compared with Chinese PAP patients, the mean serum KL-6 level was significantly lower in German PAP patients (P<0.001) but not in Japanese PAP patients (P>0.4). In the rs4072037 allele frequency distributions, the frequency of the A/A genotype was significantly higher while that of the G/G genotype was significantly lower in Chinese and Japanese cohorts than in Caucasian cohorts (both P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Serum KL-6 can be used as a biological indicator for disease monitoring in Chinese patients. The difference in serum KL-6 level among Chinese, German, and Japanese PAP patients may be associated with the distribution of the rs4072037 genotype.

14.
J Transl Int Med ; 3(3): 126-129, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27847900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in clinical features between tobacco smoke-induced and biomass fuel-induced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 206 patients with COPD caused by exposure to tobacco smoke and 81 cases of COPD caused by exposure to biomass fuels who received treatment in our hospital between 2011 March and 2014 March. Difference in general health status, clinical symptoms, the dyspnea score, and comorbidities between the two groups were compared. In addition, pulmonary function, grading, and acute exacerbations were also compared. RESULTS: (1) Difference in general health status: Male and female patients with COPD caused by exposure to tobacco smoke were 83.5 and 16.5%, respectively. Male and female patients with COPD caused by exposure to smoke from biomass fuels were 14.8 and 85.2% (χ2 = 27.2, P < 0.05), respectively. Tobacco smoke-induced COPD was more prevalent in men, and COPD caused by exposure to smoke from biomass fuels was more prevalent in women. After gender adjustment, body mass index (BMI) was lower in women with COPD caused by exposure to smoke from biomass fuels than those by tobacco smoke. There was no statistically significant difference in other indicators, such as age. (2): Difference in clinical symptoms: No statistically significant difference in the modified British Medical Research Counsel (mMRC) Questionnaire, a measure of breathlessness, was observed between the two groups. Dyspnea was more common in COPD patients that was caused by exposure to biomass fuels (38.3%) than by tobacco smoke (11.1%) (χ2 = 17.9, P < 0.05). The comorbidities of allergic diseases (such as allergic rhinitis, bronchial asthma) were more prevalent in COPD patients that was caused by exposure to smoke from biomass fuels (43.2%) than by tobacco smoke (18%) (χ2 = 16.1, P < 0.05). However, COPD comorbid with lung cancer was more prevalent in those cases that were caused by exposure to tobacco smoke (7.77%) than in cases caused by exposure to smoke from biomass fuels (3.7%) (χ2 = 9.7, P < 0.05). (3) Differences in grading of pulmonary function: After gender adjustment, patients with COPD caused by exposure to biomass fuels were mostly in grade B or D. (4) Exacerbations: No significant difference in exacerbations per year was noted between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Marked differences exist between patients with COPD caused by exposure to tobacco smoke and smoke from biomass fuels. Patients with COPD caused by exposure to biofuels are mostly females with lower BMI and often with many clinical symptoms and complications, such as allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma. Such patients are often in stage B or D. Tobacco smoke-induced COPD is more prevalent in male patients, often with complications in the form of lung cancer.

15.
Int J Clin Exp Med ; 8(10): 19556-60, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26770609

RESUMO

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is a rare idiopathic lung disease characterized by the accumulation of lipoproteinaceous material within the alveoli, which impairs gas transfer and decreases the ventilation/perfusion ratio, and can lead to respiratory failure. Whole lung lavage is the most effective therapy for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis, but may not be tolerated by patients with severe respiratory failure. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support is advocated for such patients to ensure appropriate oxygenation during lung lavage. We report a case of a 39-year-old patient with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and severe life-threatening respiratory failure, with an oxygen index of 51 when under mechanical ventilation. The patient was successfully treated with bilateral whole lung lavage without extracorporeal oxygenation. The results suggest that there is improved ventilation and perfusion matching when one lung is ventilated while the other is lavaged, may be the mechanism of which severe respiratory failure patient due to pulmonary alveolar proteinosis can complete whole lung lavage under one lung ventilation.

16.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 36(9): 651-4, 2013 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24423817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analysis the causes of benign tracheal stenosis and evaluate the curative effect of intraluminal bronchoscopic treatment. METHODS: 158 patients with benign tracheal stenosis in our hospital from September 2005 to September 2012 were collected to retrospectively analysis the causes and clinic features of tracheal stenosis. Interventional treatments through bronchoscopy were used to treat the benign tracheal stenosis and the curative effects were evaluated. RESULTS: 158 cases of benign tracheal stenosis were recruited to our study, 69.6% of them were young and middle-aged. The main causes of benign tracheal stenosis were as follows: secondary to postintubation or tracheotomy in 61.4% (97/158), tuberculosis in 16% (26/158), benign tumor in 5.1% (8/158) and other 27 cases. 94.3% patients improved in symptoms with alleviation immediately after bronchoscopic treatment, the average tracheal diameter increased form (4.22 ± 2.06) mm to (10.16 ± 2.99) mm (t = 21.48, P < 0.01), dyspnea index decreased from 2.29 ± 0.75 to 0.63 ± 0.67 (t = 19.85, P < 0.01). The recurrence rate in 1 and 3 month after interventional treatment were 38.3% and 26.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The cases of benign tracheal stenosis were increasing year by year. The most common cause of benign tracheal stenosis was postintubation and tracheotomy. Interventional treatments through bronchoscopy is effective in treating benign tracheal stenosis, but repeated interventional procedures may be required to maintain the favorable long-term effects.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal , Estenose Traqueal/etiologia , Estenose Traqueal/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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