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1.
Blood Adv ; 5(5): 1178-1193, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635331

RESUMO

The use of pediatrics-inspired protocols in adolescent and young adult (AYA) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) results in superior survival compared with the adult protocols. Pediatrics-inspired protocols carry an increased risk of toxicity and treatment-related mortality in low resource settings, which can offset the potential benefits. We studied the outcomes and prognostic factors in the treatment of AYA ALL with a pediatrics-inspired regimen. We retrieved data regarding demographics, investigations, treatment details, and toxicities from the electronic medical records of patients diagnosed with ALL in the 15- to 25-year-old age group who were initiated on a modified Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster 90 (BFM-90) protocol between January 2013 and December 2016 at the Tata Memorial Centre. A total of 349 patients in the 15- to 25-year-old age group were treated with a modified BFM-90 protocol. The use of this pediatrics-inspired protocol resulted in a 3-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) of 59.4% and 61.8%, respectively. Only 15 patients underwent an allogeneic stem cell transplant. Minimal residual disease (MRD) persistence postinduction emerged as the only factor predictive of poor outcomes. A modified BFM-90 protocol is an effective and safe regimen for AYA ALL with an OS and EFS comparable to the published literature.


Assuntos
Citarabina , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adulto Jovem
2.
Int J Hematol ; 112(6): 835-840, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876851

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) mobilization regimens in multiple myeloma typically use filgrastim (GCSF) alone or combination of GCSF with plerixafor or high-dose cyclophosphamide. Murine model and human studies have shown HSPC mobilization potential of bortezomib. A total of 37 patients underwent mobilization using bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 on day 1, 4, 8 and 11, cyclophosphamide 1 g/m2 on day 8 and 9, and GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 10 (B-Cy-GCSF). This regimen was compared with our earlier cohort of patients where cyclophosphamide was given at dose of 1 g/m2 on day 1 and day 2 followed by GCSF 10 µg/kg from day 4 (Cy-GCSF). In B-Cy-GCSF group, median CD34 cells collected were 9.21 × 106/kg (range 4.95-17.1) while in the Cy-GCSF cohort, the median CD34 cell yield was 8.2 × 106/kg (0.4-24.2). Target CD34 cells yield of 5 × 106/kg was achieved with single apheresis in 58.6% of patients after B-Cy-GCSF mobilization as compared to 44.3% in Cy-GCSF group (p = 0.07). Three patients failed mobilization after Cy-GCSF, while no patients failed mobilization in bortezomib group. Addition of bortezomib to Cy-GCSF mobilization showed a trend towards increased CD34 collection and reduced need for apheresis sessions.


Assuntos
Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Mobilização de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Mieloma Múltiplo/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Remoção de Componentes Sanguíneos , Feminino , Filgrastim/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(5): 808-816, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893896

RESUMO

The high expression of brain and acute leukemia, cytoplasmic (BAALC) and ETS-related gene (ERG) has been reported to influence the outcome in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but due to limited prospective studies, their role as prognostic factors is unclear. At diagnosis, the prognostic value of BAALC and ERG expression with respect to other cytogenetic and molecular markers was analyzed in 149 AML patients. Patients were divided into quartiles which resulted in the formation of four groups (G1-G4) based on expression values of BAALC and ERG and clinical response defined across groups. Groups with similar survival probabilities were merged together and categorized subsequently as high versus low expressers. Patients with high BAALC and ERG expression had significantly lower overall survival (OS; BAALC: p = 0.001 at 5 years 29.4% vs. 69.8%; ERG: p < 0.0001 at 5 years 4% vs. 50.4%) and disease-free survival (BAALC: p = 0.001 at 5 years 19.5% vs. 69.8%; ERG: p < 0.0001 at 5 years 4.2% vs. 47%). Patients were further stratified combining BAALC and ERG expression in an integrative prognostic risk score (IPRS). After a median follow-up of 54 months (95% CI 45-63 months) among survivors, IPRS for high versus low expressers was a significant predictor for OS (BAALC + ERG: 4% vs. 71.6%, p < 0.0001) and DFS (BAALC + ERG: 4.5% vs. 74.1%, p < 0.0001). In a multivariate model, IPRS of BAALC + ERG expression retained prognostic significance for OS (hazard ratio [HR] 2.96, 95%CI 1.91-4.59, p < 0.001) and DFS (HR 3.61, 95%CI 2.26-5.76, p < 0.001).


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Regulador Transcricional ERG/genética , Adulto Jovem
4.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 61(4): 532-536, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30303143

RESUMO

Background: BRAFV600E mutation has been reported as a unique genetic lesion of hairy cell leukemia (HCL), a subset of which lacks this lesion and shows adverse outcomes. Aims: To determine the prevalence of BRAFV600E in HCL from our center and derive clinicopathological correlation, if any. Materials and Methods: A 9-year retrospective analysis of 46 consecutive cases of HCL diagnosed on morphology and immunophenotyping was done. Stained smears were used as samples for amplification refractory mutation system polymerase-chain reaction using fluorescent primers for mutation detection. Results: BRAFV600E mutation was detected in 41/46 patients (89.1%) while absent in control samples of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. Cases mimicking HCL-variant clinically or immunophenotypically too showed the presence of this mutation. HCL with mutated BRAF presented at a younger age. No statistical difference in blood counts, tumor load, and immunophenotype patterns existed among BRAF mutated and unmutated group. Nine patients (45%) with mutated BRAF had residual disease following treatment with cladribine. Conclusion: BRAFV600E mutation analysis has a definitive role in the diagnosis of HCL.


Assuntos
Leucemia de Células Pilosas/genética , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Cladribina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Leucemia de Células Pilosas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Curr Protoc Cytom ; 80: 6.38.1-6.38.15, 2017 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28369766

RESUMO

The clinical use of flow cytometric DNA ploidy assay has been extended towards stratifying the risk of diseases, such as monoclonal gammopathies or B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and to detect circulating tumor cells, both of which require detection of minute cell populations. This unit describes a protocol for determining DNA ploidy in fixed samples with simultaneous surface immunophenotyping. It is an easy method for simultaneous 6- to 8-color immunophenotyping and DNA content analysis using FxCycle Violet (FCV; DAPI) dye. This protocol is a one-step modification of routine multicolor immunophenotyping that includes surface staining followed by fixation and then DNA staining with FCV. It utilizes mature lymphocytes from the sample as an internal control for determination of DNA index. It is a sensitive method that allows DNA-ploidy determination and cell cycle analysis in a rare tumor population as low as 100 events, as well as DNA ploidy determination in various subsets of hematopoietic cells in the same sample based on their immunophenotype. © 2017 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


Assuntos
Corantes/química , DNA/análise , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Ploidias , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Coloração e Rotulagem
6.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 57(11): 2653-60, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26999421

RESUMO

We document the characteristics of BCR-ABL kinase domain mutations (KDM) in the largest study from India comprising of 385 patients and demonstrate that more than half (51.9%) of these patients have detectable abnormalities in the KD both in adult and in pediatric chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). These comprise singly occurring missense mutations (25.5%), polyclonal/compound point mutations (4.9%), and insertions/deletions (29.6%). Missense mutations were most commonly seen in the imatinib-binding region followed by the P-loop. The commonest mutation in our dataset was T315I. Other common missense mutations were Y253H, M244V, and F317L. A high prevalence of BCR-ABL exon7 deletion (p.R362fs*) was also seen (25.5% of the entire cohort), whereas the 35bpintron-derived insertion/truncation mutation detected in 12 patients. In the pediatric age group, 58.8% of patients harbored missense mutations, polyclonal/compound mutations as well as insertions and deletions. We detected 11 novel mutations (seven missense mutations and four insertions/deletions).


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Mutação , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Criança , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/química , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Mutação INDEL , Índia/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Vigilância da População , Prognóstico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 58(1): 108-12, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25673609

RESUMO

Large granular lymphocytes (LGL) leukemias are commonly of the T-cell or NK-cell type. T-cell LGL leukemia is typically a disorder of mature CD3, CD8 and T-cell receptor TCR (TCR - T cell receptor)-αß positive cytotoxic T-cells. Rare variants include TCRγδ+ variants and CD4 + TCRαß+ cases. We report a case of each of these rare variants. An 83-year-old female presented with anemia and lymphocytosis with LGLs on peripheral smear. Six-color multiparametric flowcytometric analysis showed expression of CD3, heterogeneous CD7, dim CD2 and TCRγδ and lacked expression of CD5, TCRαß, CD56, CD4 and CD8. A final diagnosis of TCRγδ+ T-cell LGL leukemia was made. Differentiation between TCRγδ+ T-cell LGL leukemia and other γδ+ T-cell malignancies is of utmost importance due to the indolent nature of the former as compared to the highly aggressive behavior of the latter. An 85-year-old male diagnosed with liposarcoma was identified to have lymphocytosis during preoperative evaluation. Peripheral smear showed presence of LGLs. Flowcytometric immunophenotyping showed expression of TCRαß, CD3, CD2, CD5, CD4, dim CD8, CD56 with aberrant loss of CD7 expression. Vß repertoire analysis by flowcytometry showed 97% cells with Vß14 clonality. A final diagnosis of TCRαß+ CD4 + T-cell LGL leukemia was made. CD4 + T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemias have an indolent, less aggressive course when compared to their CD8 + counterparts and are not necessarily associated with cytopenias. However, their association with secondary neoplasia (29% of the cases) warrants a high degree of suspicion in the diagnosis as also noted in the index case. Use of a wide panel of antibodies and newer modalities such as Vß repertoire analysis helps in accurate subtyping of LGL leukemia.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Granular Grande/diagnóstico , Leucemia Linfocítica Granular Grande/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/análise , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/análise , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Microscopia
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