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J Hum Genet ; 64(4): 291-296, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692598


A rare form of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) caused by Wingless-type MMTV integration site family 1 (WNT1) mutations combines central nervous system (CNS) anomalies with the characteristic increased susceptibility to fractures. We report an additional case where arachnoid cysts extend the phenotype, and that also confirms the association of intellectual disabilities with asymmetric cerebellar hypoplasia here. Interestingly, if the cerebellum is normal in this disorder, intelligence is as well, analogous to an association with similar delays in a subset of patients with sporadic unilateral cerebellar hypoplasia. Those cases typically appear to represent vascular disruptions, and we suggest that most brain anomalies in WNT1-associated OI have vascular origins related to a role for WNT1 in CNS angiogenesis. This unusual combination of benign cerebellar findings with effects on higher functions in these two situations raises the possibility that WNT1 is involved in the pathogenesis of the associated sporadic cases as well. Finally, our patient reacted poorly to pamidronate, which appears ineffective with this form of OI, so that a lack of improvement is an indication for molecular testing that includes WNT1.

Sistema Nervoso Central/fisiopatologia , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Osteogênese Imperfeita/genética , Proteína Wnt1/genética , Cistos Aracnóideos/diagnóstico por imagem , Cistos Aracnóideos/fisiopatologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/anormalidades , Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Cerebelo/anormalidades , Cerebelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Cerebelo/fisiopatologia , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/diagnóstico por imagem , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/fisiopatologia , Lobo Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Lobo Frontal/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico por imagem , Deficiência Intelectual/tratamento farmacológico , Deficiência Intelectual/fisiopatologia , Mutação , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso/genética , Malformações do Sistema Nervoso/fisiopatologia , Osteogênese Imperfeita/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteogênese Imperfeita/tratamento farmacológico , Osteogênese Imperfeita/fisiopatologia , Pamidronato/administração & dosagem , Pamidronato/efeitos adversos
J Med Assoc Thai ; 91(1): 56-61, 2008 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18386545


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate thyroid function in children with Down's syndrome, and to ascertain the presence of a relationship between overt thyroid diseases and congenital anomalies. MATERIAL AND METHOD: One hundred and forty Down's syndrome patients, aged from 3 days to 13 years 9 months, were evaluated for karyotype, thyroid functions and the coexistence of congenital anomalies. RESULTS: Trisomy 21 was found in the majority of cases (95.7%). Fifty-six patients (40%) had abnormal thyroid functions: 53 (37.9%) hypothyroidism and 3 (2.1%) hyperthyroidism. Ten patients (7.1%) were diagnosed with overt thyroid disease: congenital hypothyroidism 3.6%, acquired hypothyroidism associated autoimmune thyroiditis 1.4% and hyperthyroidism 2.1%. None of the patients with congenital hypothyroidism had athyreosis or ectopic thyroid gland. Sub-clinical hypothyroidism accounted for 32.9% of all cases; 10.7% showed a spontaneous decrease to normal TSH levels and 13.6% had persistently elevated TSH levels with the median follow-up time of 6 and 12 months, respectively. Congenital heart disease, gastrointestinal anomalies and hematological disease were found in 73.6, 10 and 3.6 percent of patients, respectively. There was no statistical correlation between the coexistence of cardiovascular or gastrointestinal disease in Down's syndrome patients with overt thyroid diseases or sub-clinical hypothyroidism to those having normal thyroid functions. CONCLUSION: Sub-clinical hypothyroidism was the most common thyroid abnormality in children with Down's syndrome. A longitudinal and timely-scheduled evaluation of thyroid function is needed to establish the natural course of this abnormality and the proper management guideline.

Síndrome de Down/complicações , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/etiologia , Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Síndrome de Down/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Humanos , Hipertireoidismo , Hipotireoidismo , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/fisiopatologia