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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4505-4513, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor vascular microenvironment has an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. The objective of this study was to assess the significance of metastatic hepatic tumor vascular microenvironment in relation to the response to systemic fluorouracil-based chemotherapy [folinic acid/fluorouracil/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) or folinic acid/fluorouracil/irinotecan (FOLFIRI)]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 48 consecutive patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) with hepatic metastasis were retrospectively reviewed, and factors such as metastatic tumor vascular microenvironment, chemotherapy response and hepatic resection, were analyzed. Tumor angiogenesis was microscopically evaluated by microvessel density (MVD) in sections stained immunochemically with antibody to CD34 in patients with hepatic resection. Angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment in association with ring enhancement (RE) on computed tomography (CT) was also examined. RESULTS: Microscopic examination revealed that peripheral RE on CT of the metastatic tumor was associated with tumor angiogenesis by MVD. The overall response rate after six courses of first-line chemotherapy for liver metastasis with RE on CT was 64% (23/36), whereas the response rate for those without RE was 25% (3/12), which was significantly lower, although the survival of patients with RE-positive and RE-negative tumors did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: Peripheral RE of metastatic hepatic tumor on CT was associated with angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment and higher chemotherapy response.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucovorina/farmacologia , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
Nutrition ; 90: 111232, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964490

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that preoperative nutritional status in some gastrointestinal cancers has a significant effect on postoperative prognosis. However, there are few reports on esophageal cancer, especially for esophageal cancer patients who have undergone neoadjuvant therapy and surgery. Psoas muscle index (PMI) is widely known as an index for assessing preoperative nutritional status, and has recently been reported for its prognostic value in many malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate and evaluate the clinical results in our hospital using the PMI method. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated esophageal cancer in patients (clinical stage II or III) who underwent neoadjuvant therapy and surgical treatment (R0 cases) from January 2008 to December 2015. Applicable 63 cases were entered accordingly. In our hospital, nutritional supplements are used for nutritional management during preoperative adjuvant therapy, and these are administered to patients who have difficulty ingesting nutrition by feeding tube or total parenteral nutrition. The target value for nutritional supplement administration was 36 kcal/kg. Taking into account that chemotherapy for esophageal cancer was being performed using Harris-Benedict's basal energy expenditure (25 kcal/kg), we multiplied by 1.44 (active factor; 1.2, stress factor; 1.2) and set 36 kcal/kg as a guide. PMI was evaluated before neoadjuvant therapy and before surgery. We defined sarcopenia by PMI of the third lumbar vertebra (L3) by a computed tomography (CT) examination using 3-dimensional image analysis software, <6.36 for men and <3.92 for women, and investigated the effect of each on prognosis. RESULTS: The prevalence of sarcopenia decreased from 74.6% (47 of 63) to 69.84% (44 of 63) during the pretherapeutic to preoperative period (P = 0.691), suggesting improved nutritional status. Regarding PMI divided by cutoff value for each sex (the cutoff value was the PMI mean value -2 SD [6.36 cm2 m2 for men and 3.92 cm2/m2 for women] of healthy individuals <50 y of age, which was reported as a standard for low skeletal muscle mass in Japanese individuals), there was an improvement observed in the preoperative compared to pretherapeutic period, but it was not obtained as a significant difference (pretherapeutic PMI; 0.87 ± 0.06 [mean ± SD], preoperative PMI; 0.89 ± 0.06 [mean ± SD], P = 0.18). In overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), there was no significant difference in the short-term results with and without sarcopenia in the pretherapeutic group (both OS and DFS, P = 0.17). There was a significant difference with and without sarcopenia in the preoperative group in terms of OS and DFS (OS, P = 0.045; DFS, P = 0.043), which was short term due to nutritional intervention during preoperative adjuvant therapy. It was suggested that the results would be improved. CONCLUSIONS: Improving nutritional status before surgery was shown to improve short-term prognosis in patients with esophageal cancer. It is hence suggested that it is important to maintain or improve nutritional status by intervention from the time of neoadjuvant therapy.

3.
World J Surg Oncol ; 18(1): 283, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of elderly patients with gastric cancer has been increasing. Most elderly patients have associated reduced physiologic functions that can sometimes become an obstacle to safe surgical treatment. The National Clinical Database Risk Calculator, which based on a large Japanese surgical database, provides predicted mortality and morbidity in each case as the surgical-related risks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of the risk for operative mortality (NRC-mortality), as calculated by the National Clinical Database Risk Calculator, during long-term follow-up after gastrectomy for elderly patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: We enrolled 73 patients aged ≥ 80 years and underwent gastrectomy at our institution. Their surgical risk was evaluated based on the NRC-mortality. Several clinicopathologic factors, including NRC-mortality, were selected and analyzed as the possible prognostic factors for elderly patients who have undergone gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Statistical analysis was performed using the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: NRC-mortality ranged from 0.5 to 10.6%, and the median value was 1.7%. Dividing the patients according to mortality, the overall survival was significantly worse in the high mortality group (≥ 1.7%, n = 38) than in the low mortality group (< 1.7%, n = 35), whereas disease-specific survival was not different between the two groups. In the Cox proportional hazard model, multivariate analysis revealed NRC-mortality, performance status, and surgical procedure as the independent prognostic factors for overall survival. For disease-specific survival, the independent prognostic factors were performance status and pathological stage but not NRC-mortality. CONCLUSION: The NRC-mortality might be clinically useful for predicting both surgical mortality and overall survival after gastrectomy in elderly patients with gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 136, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382963

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for early gastric cancer (EGC) recommend additional gastrectomy for lesions which do not achieve curative resection after ESD, due to the potential risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). However, many cases are found to have no LNMs, and additional gastrectomy itself can be a considerable risk especially in elderly patients. METHODS: We retrospectively stratified the risk of LNM according to the total number of four LNM risk factors (RFs) that resulted in non-curative resection for ESD in 861 EGC patients who underwent gastrectomy. Next, we compared this stratification risk to the surgical risk based on the National Clinical Database (NCD) risk calculator in 58 patients who underwent additional gastrectomy. RESULTS: As the total number of LNM RFs increased, the frequency of LNM also increased significantly (0/1RF 0.76%, 2RFs 15.08%, 3RFs 33.87%, 4RFs 50.00%; p < 0.01). The estimated frequency of LNM was found to be lower than the predicted value of in-hospital mortality rate based on the NCD risk calculator in 25.0% of 0/1RF patients. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate, at least, that we should discuss the indication of additional gastrectomy individually for each patient from both perspectives of LNM and surgical risks.


Assuntos
Ressecção Endoscópica de Mucosa/efeitos adversos , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
5.
Anticancer Res ; 38(8): 4797-4803, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30061251

RESUMO

AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of histological heterogeneity in patients with node-positive colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine patients who underwent curative surgical resection for histological node-positive CRC were enrolled. Patients were divided according to the histological heterogeneity in the primary lesion into p-hetero and p-homo groups. The p-hetero group was further divided according to histological heterogeneity in the metastatic lymph nodes into n-hetero and n-homo groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between p-homo and p-hetero groups and between n-homo and n-hetero groups in prognosis. However, the recurrence-free survival rate of the n-homo group was significantly lower than that of the n-hetero group in the N2 category. CONCLUSION: Histological heterogeneity in metastatic lymph nodes may be useful for predicting prognosis, and prognosis in those with histological heterogeneity in a metastatic lymph node is not necessarily poor, even in those of the N2 category.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos Glicosídicos Associados a Tumores/sangue , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/sangue , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
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