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1.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767074

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The efficacy of fluorouracil + oxaliplatin + irinotecan with bevacizumab (FOLFOXIRI + BV) has been verified for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). In clinical practice, the original (O-FOLFOXIRI + BV) and modified dose settings (M-FOLFOXIRI + BV) are adopted for Asian patients. We aimed to compare the real-world efficacy and safety of these two regimens. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed clinical data of all consecutive mCRC patients treated with FOLFOXIRI + BV at a cancer centre in Japan. One hundred patients were divided into two groups: one that received O-FOLFOXIRI + BV (group O, n = 30) and another that received M-FOLFOXIRI + BV (group M, n = 70). Progression-free survival (PFS) was set as the primary endpoint, with overall survival (OS), overall response rate (ORR), and safety as secondary endpoints. RESULTS: PFS was superior in group M (median PFS; 8.7 vs. 11.5 months, P = 0.098). The use of O-FOLFOXIRI + BV emerged as an independent risk factor of poor PFS (hazard ratio = 2.155, P = 0.012). Both ORR (43.3 vs. 65.7%, P = 0.047) and OS (median OS; 17.9 vs. 27.0 months, P = 0.127) were more favourable in group M. Grade ≥ 3 adverse events were more frequently observed in group O (90 vs. 74.3%, P = 0.108), whereas dose intensity was higher in group M because a shorter duration was required for cytotoxic drug administration (2.9 vs. 2.6 weeks/course, P = 0.051) in the induction term. CONCLUSION: We found that M-FOLFOXIRI + BV had more favourable efficacy and safety than O-FOLFOXIRI + BV, which may be a better fit for Asian patients and can be potentially used as an alternative for upfront chemotherapy for mCRC.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5097-5106, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593460

RESUMO

AIM: D3 lymph node dissection (LND) for stage II and III colon cancer has been shown to improve prognosis, however, it generally increases surgical stress. Studies have reported that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) may be a useful inflammatory-nutritional biomarker to predict postoperative complications and poor prognosis for with various types of cancer. Our purposes were to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of D3 LND in patients with a high preoperative CAR (≥ 0.04). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis reviewing a prospectively collected database of Yokohama City University and three affiliated hospitals. A total of 449 patients with stage II or III colon cancer with high CAR who underwent primary resection with D2 or D3 LND were identified between 2008 and 2020. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were the 3-year recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 230 patients were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the D3 and D2 groups in the rate of postoperative complications overall (14.8% versus 11.3%, p=0.558), however, the incidence of anastomotic leakage tended to be greater in the D3 group (9.6% versus 2.6%, p=0.050). The long-term findings showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (3-year recurrence-free survival rate: 77.2% versus 77.2%, p=0.880). CONCLUSION: D3 LND did not improve survival outcomes for patients with colon cancer with a poor CAR in this study. D2 LND may be a treatment option for patients with stage II-III colon cancer with a high preoperative CAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
J Surg Oncol ; 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34704609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Contrary to the Japanese guidelines recommendations regarding lateral lymph node dissection (LatLND) for rectal cancer, its omission is common in clinical practice without reliable omission criteria. Negative pathological mesorectal lymph node metastasis (MesLNM) is reportedly highly correlated with negative pathological lateral lymph node metastasis (p-LatLNM); however, this cannot be used as a criterion because pathological features are revealed postoperatively. Herein, we prospectively evaluated the negative predictive value (NPV) of MesLNM diagnosed via the one-step nucleic acid amplification (OSNA) method for p-LatLNM. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a single academic study group in Japan. The key eligibility criterion was mid-to-low rectal cancer planned to be treated using mesorectal excision with LatLND. According to the study protocol, the OSNA method was considered useful if the point estimate of the NPV exceeded 95%. RESULTS: Preoperative case registration was conducted between 2018 and 2020; 34 patients were registered. Among these, 16 were negative for OSNA-MesLNM, and negative p-LatLNM was confirmed in all cases. The point estimate of the NPV was 100%, with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 79.4% to 100.0%. CONCLUSIONS: The OSNA method is useful in selecting patients in whom LatLND can be omitted in real-world clinical practice.

4.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(12): 2763-2768, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34545454

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few randomized controlled trials on the efficacy of spray-type anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy in laparoscopic rectal cancer surgery. PURPOSE: This study will assess whether or not spraying an anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy could reduce the surgeon's multifaceted workload in ileostomy closure. METHODS: Patients with laparoscopic or robotic surgery for rectal cancer scheduled for low anterior resection and diverting ileostomy will be enrolled in the ADOBARRIER study (multicenter, single-blind, randomized controlled trial). The target sample size is set at 120 cases, which will be randomly divided into an anti-adhesion material-using group and a non-using group at a ratio of 1:1. The primary endpoint is the multifaceted workload of the surgeon of ileostomy closure using SURG-TLX between groups with and without usage of the anti-adhesion material during diverting ileostomy construction; the secondly endpoint is the operative time, amount of intraoperative blood loss, degree of adhesions, and extent of intra-abdominal adhesions when the ileostomy is closed. CONCLUSIONS: This RCT will evaluate the efficacy and safety of spray-type anti-adhesion material for diverting ileostomy construction. The results of this study are expected to facilitate decision-making regarding the use of anti-adhesion material. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered with the Japan Registry of Clinical Trials (jRCT) in October 2020 as jRCTs032200155.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Humanos , Ileostomia , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Método Simples-Cego , Carga de Trabalho
5.
Anticancer Res ; 41(5): 2617-2623, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952492

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the mid-term oncological results between patients with low rectal cancer who underwent minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery (MILS) and those who underwent open surgery (OS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 262 matched patients who underwent primary resection for low rectal cancer between 2000 and 2019 were divided into MILS (n=131; n=107, conventional laparoscopic surgery; n=24, robotic surgery) and OS (n=131) groups. The short- and mid-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Similar baseline characteristics were noted. The operative time was longer and blood loss was lesser in the MILS group; the conversion rate was 3.8%. The incidence of postoperative complications was similar. The 2-year cumulative incidence of local recurrence was noted to be much lower in the MILS group (1.9%) than in the OS group (8.4%). MILS had a significantly low hazard ratio (0.208, p=0.036). CONCLUSION: MILS has potential benefits in reducing local recurrence of low rectal cancer.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
6.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 405(8): 1139-1145, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Guidelines advocate minimal ileal resection when right hemicolectomy is performed for right-sided colon cancer. The practice, thought to prevent malabsorption syndrome, does not appear to foster local recurrence. Little evidence based on rigorous study exists, however. To understand the pattern of lymphatic spread of right-sided colon cancer toward the small bowel and thus determine the appropriate margin size, we prospectively investigated anatomical distribution of lymph nodes (LNs) in the small bowel mesentery and of metastasis to these nodes in patients with right-sided colon cancer treated by such surgery. METHODS: In each case, the mesenteric specimen, which had been dissected along the ileocolic vessels and included intermediate LNs, was divided into 2 areas: that 0-3 cm from the vessel pedicle (area 1) and that 3-5 cm from the pedicle (area 2). The peri-intestinal mesentery was cut into 9 segments. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients were included in the study. Overall, 3366 LNs were dissected. Four hundred fifty-three of these LNs were located in area 1 (90 cases), and 15 (3.3%) were metastatic. Only 63 LNs were located in area 2 (34 cases; average of 0.69 per patient); none was metastatic. Overall, 269 LNs were found in the small bowel mesentery (in 56 of the 91 patients). Only 4 were positive (3 cases), and all were within 5 cm of the ileocecal valve. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that a surgical margin 3 cm from the ileocecal pedicle and a short (5 cm) ileal margin are oncologically reasonable for effective right hemicolectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mesentério/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia
7.
In Vivo ; 34(2): 849-856, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Tumor microenvironments consist of many types of immune cells, in which regulatory T-cells (Tregs) are supposed to play important roles to suppress anti-tumor immunity. Regional lymph nodes are essential for antitumor immunity in colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we compared the diversity of phenotypes of T-cells in normal tissue and regional lymph nodes in order to determine the immunosuppressive mechanism of lymph node metastasis of CRC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty patients were enrolled in this study, and paired samples (tumor tissue, normal tissue, and three regional lymph node samples and as well as non-regional lymph node samples) were obtained from each patient. In each paired-sample set, the proportions of different immune cell types and T-cells expressing immune checkpoint molecules were compared using flow cytometry. RESULTS: Higher proportions of Tregs [7.58% (4.94%-13.87%) vs. 1.79% (0.03%-5.36%), p<0.001] and lower proportions of INFγ-producing CD4-positive T (iCD4+) cells [21.49% (12.08%-27.35%) vs. 26.55% (15.65%-37.63%), p<0.001] were observed in tumor tissue than in normal mucosa. Parts of regional lymph nodes nearest the tumor had a greater proportion of Tregs [5.86% (4.18%-7.69%)] and lower proportions of iCD4+ [5.94% (3.51%-9.04%)] and INFγ-producing CD8-positive T (iCD8+) cells [21.93% (14.92%-35.90%)] than distant parts of regional lymph nodes and non-regional lymph nodes. Both immune-suppressing molecules (CTLA-4 and PD-1) and immune-promoting molecules (OX-40 and ICOS) tended to be highly expressed in tumor tissue and local lymph nodes. CONCLUSION: In patients with CRC, regional lymph nodes, especially the parts nearest the tumor, had a higher proportion of Tregs and other suppressive immunophenotypes of T-cells than those located more distantly.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Metástase Linfática , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fenótipo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/patologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral
8.
In Vivo ; 33(4): 1301-1306, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the impact of Beppu's nomogram on colorectal liver metastasis in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 43 patients who underwent primary hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastasis at the Kanagawa Cancer Center from June 2006 to March 2011. The patients were classified as having a Beppu's nomogram score ≤9 (low-risk group) or ≥10 (high-risk group). The risk factors for the disease-free survival (DFS) were identified. RESULTS: The respective DFS rates at 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery were 72.0%, 43.3%, and 17.3% in the low-risk group and 27.8%, 16.7%, and 8.3% in the high-risk group, the difference being significant (p=0.009). The multivariate analysis showed that Beppu's nomogram score ≥10 was a significant independent risk factor for the DFS. CONCLUSION: Beppu's nomogram score was an independent prognostic factor for colorectal liver metastasis in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy and/or targeted therapy. Thus, Beppu's nomogram might be a useful tool for predicting the risk of recurrence after hepatectomy, even in the era of newly-developed chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Nomogramas , Assistência Perioperatória , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 10(2): 188-193, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032084

RESUMO

Background: With low anterior resection (LAR) for rectal cancer, the oncologic outcomes are recently good. A diverting ileostomy is often created to protect the newly constructed anastomosis; seldom is a permanent stoma needed. Predicting postoperative anorectal function remains difficult, however. We speculated that the endoscopic appearance of the anastomosis before ileostomy closure is predictive of the post-operative anorectal function and tested our hypothesis retrospectively. Methods: Included in the study were 80 patients who, between September 2014 and August 2017, underwent LAR at Kanagawa Cancer Center. A diverting stoma had been created during the primary surgery, and ileostomy closure was performed about 6 months later. The anastomosis was examined endoscopically just before ileostomy closure, and the features were scored by two well-trained endoscopists. Daily defecation frequency and incontinence (Kirwan Score) were assessed after closure through physician-patient interview, and correlation between endoscopic feature scores and these measures of anorectal function was tested. Results: Documented endoscopic features included erythema in 79% of patients, erosion (45%), ulceration (5%), granulomatous change (41.3%), granular protrusions (17.5%); hemorrhagic (20.0%) or white-coated (30.0%) mucosa. Anastomosis stricture <9 mm was 17.5%. Median daily defecation frequency after ileostomy closure was 4 (range, 0-20). Moderate positive correlation was found between endoscopic scores and postoperative anorectal function (r=0.60, P<0.001). Conclusions: In recording and analyzing endoscopic features of the anastomosis before ileostomy closure in a large number of patients treated by LAR, we found that the features might indeed be clinically useful in predicting post-LAR anorectal function.

10.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 7(4): 569-573, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28855990

RESUMO

The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of TJ-54 (Yokukansan; a traditional Japanese medicine) for the prevention and/or treatment of postoperative delirium in a randomized phase II trial of patients receiving surgery for gastrointestinal and lung malignancies. Patients ≥70 years of age who underwent surgery for gastrointestinal or lung malignancy were eligible for participation in the study. The 186 eligible patients were randomly assigned at a 1:1 ratio to receive TJ-54 or control during their peri-operative care (between 7 days prior to surgery and 4 days following surgery, except for the operation day). The signs and symptoms of delirium were assessed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV by the investigator during the peri-operative period. A total of 186 eligible gastrointestinal or lung malignancy patients were analyzed (93, TJ-54; 93, control). There were no marked differences between the two randomized groups. The incidence of delirium was 6.5% (6 patients) in the TJ-54 group and 9.7% (9 patients) in the control group, with no significant difference (P=0.419). However, of the patients categorized with a mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score of ≤26, the incidence of postoperative delirium was 9.1% in the TJ-54 group and 26.9% in the control group [risk ratio, 0.338; 95% confidence interval (0.078-1.462), P=0.115]. Treatment with TJ-54 reduced the incidence of postoperative delirium compared with the control group. Although TJ-54 did not demonstrate any contribution to preventing or treating postoperative delirium in patients following surgery for gastrointestinal or lung malignancy, TJ-54 reduced the risk of postoperative delirium in the patients who were classified as MMSE ≤26. Further phase III studies with a larger sample size are required in order to clarify the effects of TJ-54 against postoperative delirium.

11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 44(12): 1414-1416, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29394652

RESUMO

We describe 4 cases of locally advanced colorectal cancer resected successfully after neoadjuvant chemotherapy(NAC) conducted between April 2015 and August 2016. The NAC with mFOLFOX6 plus bevacizumab was performed after ileostomy for prevention of obstruction, because of tumor invasion into other organs. After chemotherapy, we could perform resection and avoid invasive surgery in either cases.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem
12.
Surg Endosc ; 30(12): 5520-5528, 2016 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27198549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although a few studies have reported the use of reduced-port laparoscopic gastrectomy (RPG) in gastric cancer patients, the feasibility of routinely using this technique remains unclear. It is therefore important to evaluate the surgical advantages of this technique in this patient group. METHODS: Between August 2010 and July 2015, 165 patients underwent RPGs at our hospital, performed by a single surgeon. Of these patients, 88 underwent reduced-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (RPLDG) and 77 underwent reduced-port laparoscopic total gastrectomy (RPLTG). In addition to short-term surgical outcomes after RPG, survival times and the surgical learning curve were also evaluated. RESULTS: Blood losses during lymph node dissection in the RPLDG and RPLTG groups were not significantly different (p = 0.160). Conversion to open surgery was necessary in only two patients. Postoperative morbidities were observed in 14.8 % of the RPLDG group and 14.3 % of the RPLTG group, but there were no deaths. Most patients expressed high cosmetic satisfaction in both groups. In the RPLDG group, operation time during reconstruction decreased over the first 50 cases and then plateaued, as the surgeon's experience of the technique increased. In contrast, in the RPLTG group, operation times dropped with surgical experience for both lymph node dissection, plateauing after 40 cases, and for reconstruction, plateauing after 30 cases. Only three patients died of gastric cancer in the follow-up period and three patients died of other diseases. Five-year overall survival and 5-year disease-specific survival were 95.6 and 98.0 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We have shown that reduced-port gastrectomy (RPG) could be an acceptable and satisfactory procedure for treating gastric cancer for an experienced laparoscopic gastric surgeon who has sufficient previous experience of conventional laparoscopic gastrectomies.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 8(4): 483-6, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26708592

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: When esophagojejunostomy is performed using a circular stapler after laparoscopic total gastrectomy, fixing the anvil to the end of the esophagus is challenging. We describe an easy method for fixation of the anvil using a one-handed sliding-knot technique after the anvil has been inserted into the esophagus. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: After removing the stomach, the main operator makes a whip stitch at the end of the esophagus using a long piece of monofilament string. Both ends of the string are pulled out from the port. A knot is then made and brought close the esophagus twice (sliding granny knots). After inserting the anvil into the esophagus, the main operator pulls the main standing string with one hand, applying vibration only. This causes the knots to tighten the anvil. Then, one or two knots are added to make sure that the anvil is firmly fixed in place. In addition, we routinely add one more ligation with a ready-made ligating loop. DISCUSSION: This method is easy and reliable, and does not require special devices or skills when performing reconstruction after laparoscopic total gastrectomy. Because of these factors, it has the potential to be widely used to perform esophagojejunostomy.


Assuntos
Esôfago/cirurgia , Gastrectomia , Jejuno/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Técnicas de Sutura , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação
14.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 41(12): 1731-3, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25731311

RESUMO

We report a case of an intractable fistula repaired by transsacral direct suture. A 65-year-old man underwent low anterior resection for rectal cancer. He subsequently underwent ileostomy due to anastomosis leakage. The fistula of the anastomosis persisted 3 months after surgery. He underwent surgery to repair the fistula using a transsacral approach. After removing the coccyx, the fistula in the postrectal space was exposed directly. The presence of the fistula was confirmed by an air leak test and was closed by direct suture. After 33 days, the patient underwent ileostomy closure.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Fístula Retal/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Humanos , Ileostomia , Masculino , Fístula Retal/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 41(12): 2273-5, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25731493

RESUMO

We report a case of gastric small cell carcinoma with liver and lymph node metastases responding to CPT-11 plus cisplatin (CDDP) chemotherapy. The patient was a 77-year-old woman with advanced gastric cancer, clinically diagnosed as P0H1M1CY0T4aN3. The immunostaining and pathological analysis of a biopsied specimen obtained during a gastrointestinal tract endoscopy indicated small cell carcinoma of the stomach. The patient received the following chemotherapy treatments: 11 courses of CPT-11 plus CDDP, 8 courses of docetaxel plus S-1, and 2 courses of paclitaxel. The patient is alive 2 years after the first chemotherapy treatment. We conclude that the combination of chemotherapy used was effective for treating the patient's small cell carcinoma of the stomach, which is considered to have a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/secundário , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Metástase Linfática , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 18(6): 1025-31, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23114785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of T1 colorectal cancer after local resection is controversial. Regional lymph node metastasis often occurs, requiring subsequent colonic resection. The aim of this study was to reevaluate the risk factors of nodal metastasis of T1 colorectal cancer, especially to examine lymphatic vessel invasion in serially prepared hematoxylin and eosin sections and D2-40 immunostained sections to determine which is a better indicator of lymph node metastasis of T1 colorectal cancer. METHODS: The study investigated 120 patients who underwent bowel resection and were histologically diagnosed to have T1 colorectal cancer in Kanagawa Cancer Center Hospital from 1995 to 2005. Serially prepared paraffin sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin, or immunostained with D2-40 antibody or von Willebrand factor, and reevaluated for lymphatic vessel invasion and other risk factors, including venous invasion, histological grade, depth of submucosal invasion, and budding. RESULTS: Lymphatic invasion diagnosed with either hematoxylin and eosin staining (p = 0.022), or D2-40 immunostaining (p = 0.001), and budding (p = 0.013) were significant risk factors for lymph node metastasis in the univariate analysis. Venous involvement, histological grade, or depth of submucosal invasion was not significant. The multivariate logistic regression analysis for the three risk factors found lymphatic invasion diagnosed with D2-40 as an independent risk factor (odds ratio 6.048, p = 0.018, CI 1.360-26.89). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 58 %, 88 %, 35 %, and 95 %, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Lymphatic vessel invasion diagnosed with D2-40 was a better indicator to evaluate the risk for lymph node metastasis by T1 colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Fatores de Risco
17.
Oncol Rep ; 26(1): 49-54, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21503588

RESUMO

MDM4, a homolog of MDM2, is considered a key negative regulator of p53. Gene amplification of MDM4 has been identified in a variety of tumors. MDM2 or MDM4 gene amplification is only associated with the wild-type TP53 gene in retinoblastomas, thus the amplification of the two genes is mutually exclusive. Previously, we demonstrated that MDM2 amplification and TP53 alteration were not mutually exclusive in colorectal cancer, and we identified a subset of colorectal cancer patients without alterations in either the TP53 or the MDM2 gene. In this study, we investigated the gene amplification status of MDM4 in the same set of colorectal cancer cases. Unexpectedly, MDM4 amplification was rare, detected in only 1.4% (3 out of 211) of colorectal cancer cases. All the three gene-amplified tumors also harbored TP53-inactivating mutations. This contradicts the simple mutually exclusive relationship observed in retinoblastomas. Surprisingly, two of the three MDM4-amplified tumors also demonstrated MDM2 amplification. Paradoxically, the MDM4 protein levels were decreased in the tumor tissue of the gene-amplified cases compared with levels in the matched normal mucosa. We speculate that MDM4 might play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis that is not limited to negative regulation of p53 in combination with MDM2. The functional significance of MDM4 is still unclear and further studies are needed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Amplificação de Genes , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes p53 , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
19.
Rare Tumors ; 3(4): e47, 2011 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22355502

RESUMO

Metastatic lesions in the liver derived from colorectal cancer rarely invade the portal vein macroscopically. Portal vein tumor thrombus is commonly associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. Colorectal liver metastases are usually accompanied by microscopic tumor invasion into the intrahepatic portal vein, and the incidence of macroscopic tumor thrombus in the trunk of the portal vein is rare. Here, we provide unique appearance of metastatic colorectal cancer. To the best of our knowledge, macroscopically, the right portal vein filled with the tumor thrombus without any tumor in liver parenchyma has been quite rare.

20.
Gastric Cancer ; 13(3): 204-8, 2010 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20820991

RESUMO

Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes (PNSs) are a heterogeneous group of neurological disorders caused by immune-mediated mechanisms. The incidence of PNS is much less than 1% for solid tumors, except for small-cell lung cancer and thymoma. We report a rare case of gastric cancer that presented with primary clinical findings of PNS. The patient was a 63-year-old woman who was admitted for worsening neuropathy. Laboratory and neurological tests excluded a nutritional deficit, diabetes mellitus, and connective tissue disease as causes of her neuropathy. Computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen, positron emission tomography (PET)-CT, and endoscopy of the stomach revealed gastric cancer with lymph node swelling. Distal gastrectomy was performed and pathological and immunohistochemical examinations indicated endocrine cell carcinoma. The gastrectomy stopped the exacerbation of her symptoms and recurrence was not observed, but the neurological disorders were irreversible. This case suggests that early diagnosis of the primary tumor is required to improve the outcome in patients with PNS.


Assuntos
Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/etiologia , Transtornos das Sensações/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/diagnóstico , Síndromes Paraneoplásicas do Sistema Nervoso/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Transtornos das Sensações/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Estados Unidos , Vibração
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