Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 2 de 2
Mais filtros

Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
J Vet Sci ; 21(3): e40, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32476314


The purpose of this study was to investigate the high-level mupirocin resistance (HLMR) in Gram-positive bacteria isolated from companion animals. A total of 931 clinical specimens were collected from diseased pets. The detection of mupirocin-resistant bacteria and plasmid-mediated mupirocin resistance genes were evaluated by antimicrobial susceptibility tests, polymerase chain reactions, and sequencing analysis. Four-hundred and six (43.6%) bacteria were isolated and 17 (4.2%), including 14 staphylococci and 3 Corynebacterium were high-level mupirocin-resistant (MICs, ≥ 1,024 ug/mL) harboring mupA. Six staphylococci of HLMR strains had plasmid-mediated mupA-IS257 flanking regions. The results show that HLMR bacteria could spread in veterinary medicine in the near future.

Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Corynebacterium/efeitos dos fármacos , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Mupirocina/farmacologia , Staphylococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico , Gatos , Infecções por Corynebacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico , Cães , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/veterinária , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária , Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico
BMC Vet Res ; 16(1): 111, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293442


BACKGROUND: Fluoroquinolone agents, such as enrofloxacin and marbofloxacin, are commonly used for pseudomonal infection in veterinary medicine. However, the rate of resistance to fluoroquinolones is rapidly increasing, according to multiple studies in various countries. Point mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) are closely related to the increased fluoroquinolone resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The aim of this study was to investigate current antimicrobial susceptibility and fluoroquinolone resistance in P. aeruginosa strains isolated from dogs. The presence of point mutations in the QRDR was confirmed by gyrA and parC polymerase chain reaction and nucleotide sequencing analysis. RESULTS: A total of 84 nonduplicated P. aeruginosa strains were obtained from 228 healthy dogs (healthy group) and 260 dogs with clinical signs (infected group). Among these isolates, 38 strains from the healthy group were detected in several sample types, whereas 46 strains from the infected group were obtained mostly from dogs' ears with otitis externa (41/260, 15.8%). All strains were resistant to nalidixic acid, while some were also resistant to enrofloxacin (23/84, 27.4%), marbofloxacin (17/84, 20.2%), levofloxacin (12/84, 14.3%), or ciprofloxacin (11/84, 13.1%). Enrofloxacin resistance was significantly higher in strains from the infected group than in those from the healthy group (p < 0.05). Among the 23 fluoroquinolone-resistant strains, 8 and 4 different mutations were detected in the gyrA and parC genes, respectively. Mutations in gyrA were significantly common in the infected group (p < 0.05). Hotspots for the gyrA and parC mutations were Thr83 (34.8%, 8/23) and Pro116 (91.3%, 21/23), respectively. Double and triple mutations were also found in 5 of the strains. CONCLUSION: Novel mutations in the gyrA and parC genes were first found in P. aeruginosa isolated from companion dogs in South Korea. These findings suggest that it is important to encourage prudent use of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in canine pseudomonal infection treatment.