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1.
J Clin Neurosci ; 93: 253-258, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34090764

RESUMO

Many neurological disorders can present similar symptomatology to degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM) or myeloradiculopathy (DCMR). Therefore, to avoid misdiagnosis, it is important to recognise the differential diagnosis, which has been well described in previous literature. Additionally, DCM or DCMR can also coexist with other diseases that overlap some of its clinical manifestations, which may be overlooked before cervical surgery. Nevertheless, few studies have addressed this clinical situation. In clinical practice, the diagnosis of coexisting disease with DCM or DCMR would be typically made when some symptoms persist without improvement after cervical surgery. To inform the patients of this possibility preoperatively and arrive at the early diagnosis during the postoperative period, some knowledge of the possible coexisting diseases would be necessary. In this report, we reviewed 230 patients who underwent surgery for DCM or DCMR in an academic centre to examine the prevalence and kind of underlying disease that was overlooked preoperatively. The coexisting diseases relevant to their baseline symptoms were diagnosed only after cervical surgery in three patients (1.3%) and included amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, lung cancer and polymyalgia rheumatica. The overlapping symptoms were gait difficulty, scapular pain and neck pain, respectively. Surgeons should recognise that the coexisting disease with DCM or DCMR may be overlooked before cervical surgery because of overlapping symptomatology, although its prevalence is not certainly high. Further, when the specific symptom persisted without improvement after surgery for DCM or DCMR, the patient should be comprehensively examined, considering diverse pathological conditions, not only neurological disorders.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Doenças da Medula Espinal , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Cervicalgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Doenças da Medula Espinal/complicações , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico , Doenças da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia
2.
J Exp Neurosci ; 9: 27-35, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25987850

RESUMO

In the present study, the effects of morphine were examined on tests of spatial memory, object exploration, locomotion, and anxiety in male ICR mice. Administration of morphine (15 or 30 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)) induced a significant decrease in Y-maze alternations compared to saline vehicle-treated mice. The reduced Y-maze alternations induced by morphine were completely blocked by naloxone (15 mg/kg) or ß-funaltrexamine (5 mg/kg) but not by norbinaltorphimine (5 mg/kg) or naltrindole (5 mg/kg), suggesting that the morphine-induced spatial memory impairment was mediated predominantly by µ-opioid receptors (MOPs). Significant spatial memory retrieval impairments were observed in the Morris water maze (MWM) in mice treated with morphine (15 mg/kg) or scopolamine (1 mg/kg), but not with naloxone or morphine plus naloxone. Reduced exploratory time was observed in mice after administration of morphine (15 mg/kg), in a novel-object exploration test, without any changes in locomotor activity. No anxiolytic-like behavior was observed in morphine-treated mice in the elevated plus maze. A significant reduction in buried marbles was observed in morphine-treated mice measured in the marble-burying test, which was blocked by naloxone. These observations suggest that morphine induces impairments in spatial short-term memory and retrieval, and reduces exploratory behavior, but that these effects are not because of overall changes in locomotion or anxiety.

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