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1.
Front Immunol ; 13: 770465, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450073

RESUMO

Cancer immunotherapy is exploited for the treatment of disease by modulating the immune system. Since the conventional in vivo animal and 2D in vitro models insufficiently recapitulate the complex tumor immune microenvironment (TIME) of the original tumor. In addition, due to the involvement of the immune system in cancer immunotherapy, more physiomimetic cancer models, such as patient-derived organoids (PDOs), are required to evaluate the efficacy of immunotherapy agents. On the other hand, the dynamic interactions between the neoplastic cells and non-neoplastic host components in the TIME can promote carcinogenesis, tumor metastasis, cancer progression, and drug resistance of cancer cells. Indeed, tumor organoid models can properly recapitulate the TIME by preserving endogenous stromal components including various immune cells, or by adding exogenous immune cells, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), vasculature, and other components. Therefore, organoid culture platforms could model immunotherapy responses and facilitate the immunotherapy preclinical testing. Here, we discuss the various organoid culture approaches for the modeling of TIME and the applications of complex tumor organoids in testing cancer immunotherapeutics and personalized cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Organoides , Animais , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias/patologia , Medicina de Precisão , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Front Immunol ; 13: 858021, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35432352

RESUMO

Anti-CD30 CAR-T is a potent candidate therapy for relapsed/refractory (r/r) CD30+ lymphomas with therapy limitations, and the efficacy needed to be further improved. Herein a multi-center phase II clinical trial (NCT03196830) of anti-CD30 CAR-T treatment combined with PD-1 inhibitor in r/r CD30+ lymphoma was conducted. After a lymphocyte-depleting chemotherapy with fludarabine and cyclophosphamide, 4 patients in cohort 1 and 3 patients in cohort 2 received 106/kg and 107/kg CAR-T cells, respectively, and 5 patients in cohort 3 received 107/kg CAR-T cells combined with anti-PD-1 antibody. The safety and the efficacy of CAR-T cell therapy were analyzed. Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) was observed in 4 of 12 patients, and only 1 patient (patient 9) experienced grade 3 CRS and was treated with glucocorticoid and tocilizumab. No CAR-T-related encephalopathy syndrome was observed. Only two patients in cohorts 2 and 3 experienced obviously high plasma levels of IL-6 and ferritin after CD30 CAR-T cell infusion. The overall response rate (ORR) was 91.7% (11/12), with 6 patients achieving complete remission (CR) (50%). In cohorts 1 and 2, 6 patients got a response (85.7%), with 2 patients achieving CR (28.6%). In cohort 3, 100% ORR and 80% CR were obtained in 5 patients without ≥3 grade CRS. With a median follow-up of 21.5 months (range: 3-50 months), the progression-free survival and the overall survival rates were 45 and 70%, respectively. Of the 11 patients who got a response after CAR-T therapy, 7 patients (63.6%) maintained their response until the end of follow-up. Three patients died last because of disease progression. Taken together, the combination of anti-PD-1 antibody showed an enhancement effect on CD30 CAR-T therapy in r/r CD30+ lymphoma patients with minimal toxicities.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos , Síndrome da Liberação de Citocina , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/efeitos adversos , Antígeno Ki-1 , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética
3.
Front Immunol ; 13: 829878, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35251016

RESUMO

Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an immune disorder with rapid progression and poor survival. Individual treatment strategy is restricted, due to the absence of precise stratification criteria. In this multicenter retrospective study, we aimed to develop a feasible prognostic model for adult HLH in China. A total of 270 newly diagnosed patients of adult HLH were retrieved from the Huaihai Lymphoma Working Group (HHLWG), of whom 184 from 5 medical centers served as derivation cohort, and 86 cases from 3 other centers served as validation cohort. X-Tile program and Maxstat analysis were used to identify optimal cutoff points of continuous variables; univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were used for variable selection, and the Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the value of variables on prognosis. The C-index, Brier Score, and calibration curve were used for model validation. Multivariate analysis showed that age, creatinine, albumin, platelet, lymphocyte ratio, and alanine aminotransferase were independent prognostic factors. By rounding up the hazard ratios from 6 significant variables, a maximum of 9 points was assigned. The final scoring model of HHLWG-HPI was identified with four risk groups: low risk (≤3 pts), low-intermediate risk (4 pts), high-intermediate risk (5-6 pts), and high risk (≥7 pts), with 5-year overall survival rates of 68.5%, 35.2%, 21.3%, and 10.8%, respectively. The C-indexes were 0.796 and 0.758 in the derivation and validation cohorts by using a bootstrap resampling program. In conclusion, the HHLWG-HPI model provides a feasible and accurate stratification system for individualized treatment strategy in adult HLH.


Assuntos
Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica , Linfoma , Adulto , Humanos , Linfo-Histiocitose Hemofagocítica/terapia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2022 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35091970

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) represents the second most common neurodegenerative disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of dance therapy (DT) aimed at improving non-motor symptoms in PD. METHODS: Studies were performed through PubMed, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, Embase, and Science Direct from inception to October 27, 2021. The data were screened independently by two reviewers, and the quality of the papers was assessed using the Cochrane manual. The included studies were randomized controlled trials and quasi-randomized controlled trials, reporting random-effects standardized mean differences, and 95% confidence intervals as the effect size. I2 statistics were used to assess heterogeneity. The main outcomes included the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MOCA), Baker Depression Scale (BDI), Parkinson's Fatigue Scale (FPS-16), and Apathy Scale (AS). RevMan 5.3 software was integrated for meta-analysis. RESULTS: Nine literatures were analyzed for the meta-analysis with a total of 307 patients. Random effects showed that DT significantly improved cognitive of PD (MD = 1.50, 95% CI [0.52, 2.48], P = 0.0003; I2 = 51%). However, this meta-analysis demonstrated that dance therapy had no significance for improving depression (MD = - 1.33, 95% CI [- 4.11, 1.45], P = 0.35; I2 = 79%), fatigue (MD = 0.26, 95% CI [- 0.31, 0.83], P = 0.37; I2 = 0%), and apathy (MD = 0.07, 95% CI [- 2.55, 2.69], P = 0.96; I2 = 50%). CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis suggests that dance can improve cognitive function in PD.

5.
Cell Rep ; 38(4): 110298, 2022 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35081353

RESUMO

The reverse cholesterol transport pathway is responsible for the maintenance of human cholesterol homeostasis, an imbalance of which usually leads to atherosclerosis. As a key component of this pathway, the ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG1 forwards cellular cholesterol to the extracellular acceptor nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Here, we report a 3.26-Å cryo-electron microscopy structure of cholesterol-bound ABCG1 in an inward-facing conformation, which represents a turnover condition upon ATP binding. Structural analyses combined with functional assays reveals that a cluster of conserved hydrophobic residues, in addition to two sphingomyelins, constitute a well-defined cholesterol-binding cavity. The exit of this cavity is closed by three pairs of conserved Phe residues, which constitute a hydrophobic path for the release of cholesterol in an acceptor concentration-dependent manner. Overall, we propose an ABCG1-driven cholesterol transport cycle initiated by sphingomyelin-assisted cholesterol recruitment and accomplished by the release of cholesterol to HDL.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/química , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Membro 1 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/ultraestrutura , Colesterol/metabolismo , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Humanos , Esfingomielinas/metabolismo
6.
Med Phys ; 49(1): 432-442, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813114

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Laryngoscopy, the most common diagnostic method for vocal cord lesions (VCLs), is based mainly on the visual subjective inspection of otolaryngologists. This study aimed to establish a highly objective computer-aided VCLs diagnosis system based on deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) and transfer learning. METHODS: To classify VCLs, our method combined the DCNN backbone with transfer learning on a system specifically finetuned for a laryngoscopy image dataset. Laryngoscopy image database was collected to train the proposed system. The diagnostic performance was compared with other DCNN-based models. Analysis of F1 score and receiver operating characteristic curves were conducted to evaluate the performance of the system. RESULTS: Beyond the existing VCLs diagnosis method, the proposed system achieved an overall accuracy of 80.23%, an F1 score of 0.7836, and an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.9557 for four fine-grained classes of VCLs, namely, normal, polyp, keratinization, and carcinoma. It also demonstrated robust classification capacity for detecting urgent (keratinization, carcinoma) and non-urgent (normal, polyp), with an overall accuracy of 0.939, a sensitivity of 0.887, a specificity of 0.993, and an AUC of 0.9828. The proposed method also outperformed clinicians in the classification of normal, polyps, and carcinoma at an extremely low time cost. CONCLUSION: The VCLs diagnosis system succeeded in using DCNN to distinguish the most common VCLs and normal cases, holding a practical potential for improving the overall diagnostic efficacy in VCLs examinations. The proposed VCLs diagnosis system could be appropriately integrated into the conventional workflow of VCLs laryngoscopy as a highly objective auxiliary method.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Prega Vocal , Área Sob a Curva , Aprendizado de Máquina , Curva ROC , Prega Vocal/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Plant Dis ; 106(1): 282-288, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253044

RESUMO

Wheat stripe rust, an airborne fungal disease caused by Puccinia striiformis Westend. f. sp. tritici, is one of the most devastating diseases of wheat. Chinese wheat cultivar Xike01015 displays high levels of all-stage resistance (ASR) to the current predominant P. striiformis f. sp. tritici race CYR33. In this study, a single dominant gene, designated YrXk, was identified in Xike01015 conferring resistance to CYR33 with genetic analysis of F2 and BC1 populations from a cross of Mingxian169 (susceptible) and Xike01015. The specific length amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) strategy was used to construct a linkage map in the F2 population. Quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis mapped YrXk to a 12.4-Mb segment on chromosome1 BS, explaining >86.96% of the phenotypic variance. Gene annotation in the QTL region identified three differential expressed candidate genes, TraesCS1B02G168600.1, TraesCS1B02G170200.1, and TraesCS1B02G172400.1. The qRT-PCR results showed that TraesCS1B02G172400.1 and TraesCS1B02G168600.1 are upregulated and that TraesCS1B02G170200.1 is slightly downregulated after inoculation with CYR33 in the seedling stage, which indicates that these genes may function in wheat resistance to stripe rust. The results of this study can be used in wheat breeding for improving resistance to stripe rust.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença , Doenças das Plantas , Puccinia/patogenicidade , Triticum , China , Resistência à Doença/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Triticum/genética , Triticum/microbiologia
8.
Int J Gen Med ; 14: 9523-9536, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34916834

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glioma may affect patients of any age. So far, only a limited number of big data studies have been conducted concerning oligodendroglioma (OG) in diverse age groups. This study evaluated the risk factors for OG in different age groups using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database built by the National Cancer Institute, which is part of the National Institutes of Health. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 5437 cases within the SEER database were included. These patients were divided into seven age groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was employed for survival analysis. The independent risk factors for the survival of OG patients were identified using the Cox regression model. A nomogram was drawn with R software based on the independent risk factors. The X-tile software was adopted to find the optimal age group at diagnosis. RESULTS: The all-cause mortality and the tumor-specific mortality increased with age. The univariate analysis showed that the patients' age, gender, primary lesion location, side affected by the primary lesion (left or right), surgery for the primary lesion, and tumor size were correlated with survival (P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age was an independent risk factor for the survival of OG patients (P<0.05). The optimal cutoff value of age in terms of overall survival (OS) and cause-specific survival (CSS) were identified as 48 and 61 years and 48 and 59 years, respectively. CONCLUSION: The older the age, the worse the survival would be. That's, the mortality increased with age. In the clinic, healthcare professionals should be fully aware of the variability in the prognosis of OG patients in different age groups. Therefore, individualized treatments are recommended to OG patients in different age groups to optimize the prognosis.

9.
Front Immunol ; 12: 755549, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777367

RESUMO

Early response could be obtained in most patients with relapsed or refractory B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL) treated with chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy, but relapse occurs in some patients. There is no consensus on treatment strategy post CAR-T cell therapy. In this retrospective study of humanized CD19-targeted CAR-T cell (hCART19s) therapy for R/R B-ALL, we analyzed the patients treated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) or received a second hCART19s infusion, and summarized their efficacy and safety. We retrospectively studied 28 R/R B-ALL patients treated with hCART19s in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from 2016 to 2020. After the first hCART19s infusion, 10 patients received allo-HSCT (CART+HSCT group), 7 patients received a second hCART19s infusion (CART2 group), and 11 patients did not receive HSCT or a second hCART19s infusion (CART1 group). The safety, efficacy, and long-term survival were analyzed. Of the 28 patients who received hCART19s treatment, 1 patient could not be evaluated for efficacy, and 25 (92.6%) achieved complete remission (CR) with 20 (74.7%) achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity. Seven (25%) patients experienced grade 3-4 CRS, and one died from grade 5 CRS. No patient experienced ≥3 grade ICANS. The incidence of second CR is higher in the CART+HSCT group compared to the CART2 group (100% vs. 42.9%, p=0.015). The median follow-up time was 1,240 days (range: 709-1,770). Significantly longer overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) were achieved in the CART+HSCT group (median OS and LFS: not reached, p=0.006 and 0.001, respectively) compared to the CART2 group (median OS: 482; median LFS: 189) and the CART1 group (median OS: 236; median LFS: 35). In the CART+HSCT group, the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) was 30% (3/10), and transplantation-related mortality was 30% (3/10). No chronic GVHD occurred. Multivariate analysis results showed that blasts ≥ 20% in the bone marrow and MRD ≥ 65.6% are independent factors for inferior OS and LFS, respectively, while receiving allo-HSCT is an independent factor associated with both longer OS and LFS. In conclusion, early allo-HSCT after CAR-T therapy can achieve long-term efficacy, and the adverse events are controllable.


Assuntos
Terapia Combinada/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Leucemia de Células B/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos CD19 , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Org Biomol Chem ; 19(46): 10174-10180, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787150

RESUMO

A general and efficient strategy for the one-pot synthesis of isothiocoumarin-1-ones has been developed via the base-promoted 6-endo-dig thioannulation of o-alkynyl oxime ethers using the cheap and readily available Na2S as the sulfur source. Mechanistic studies disclosed that the reaction proceeded through two C-S bond formations, N-O bond cleavage and the final hydrolysis of imines.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKTL) is an aggressive malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with a poor prognosis. Therefore, novel therapeutic biomarkers and agents must be identified for the same. KAT5 inhibitor, NU 9056, is a small molecule that can inhibit cellular proliferation; however, its role in ENKTL has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated the effect of NU 9056 in ENKTL cells and explored the possible molecular mechanism for its antitumour effect. METHODS: The role of NU 9056 in ENKTL cells was investigated through the Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, flow cytometry, Western blot, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay. RESULTS: NU 9056 inhibited ENKTL cell proliferation and induced G2/M phase arrest. NU 9056 also induced apoptosis by upregulating DR4, DR5, and caspase 8 expressions. Additionally, NU 9056 increased the expression of Bax, Bid, and cytochrome C and decreased the expression of Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and XIAP. Furthermore, NU 9056 activated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and inhibited the JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway. The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signalling pathway was also activated by NU 9056, and the ERK signalling pathway was suppressed in natural killer/T cell lymphoma cells. CONCLUSION: NU 9056 inhibited cell proliferation, arrested cell cycle in the G2/M phase, and induced apoptosis through the stimulation of ER stress, thus inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 signalling pathway and regulating MAPK pathways in ENKTL cells.

12.
Chem Sci ; 12(33): 11130-11137, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522310

RESUMO

Coupled mechanical forces are known to drive a range of covalent chemical reactions, but the effect of mechanical force applied to a spectator ligand on transition metal reactivity is relatively unexplored. Here we quantify the rate of C(sp2)-C(sp2) reductive elimination from platinum(ii) diaryl complexes containing macrocyclic bis(phosphine) ligands as a function of mechanical force applied to these ligands. DFT computations reveal complex dependence of mechanochemical kinetics on the structure of the force-transducing ligand. We validated experimentally the computational finding for the most sensitive of the ligand designs, based on MeOBiphep, by coupling it to a macrocyclic force probe ligand. Consistent with the computations, compressive forces decreased the rate of reductive elimination whereas extension forces increased the rate relative to the strain-free MeOBiphep complex with a 3.4-fold change in rate over a ∼290 pN range of restoring forces. The calculated natural bite angle of the free macrocyclic ligand changes with force, but 31P NMR analysis and calculations strongly suggest no significant force-induced perturbation of ground state geometry within the first coordination sphere of the (P-P)PtAr2 complexes. Rather, the force/rate behavior observed across this range of forces is attributed to the coupling of force to the elongation of the O⋯O distance in the transition state for reductive elimination. The results suggest opportunities to experimentally map geometry changes associated with reactions in transition metal complexes and potential strategies for force-modulated catalysis.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 60(17): 13718-13726, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436870

RESUMO

The assembly of heterometallic cluster substituted polyoxometalates (POMs) remains a great challenge for inorganic synthetic chemistry up to now. Herein, a series of 5p-4f heterometallic cluster substituted POMs were successfully isolated by a facile one-step hydrothermal reaction method, namely H17(H2en)3[SbIII9SbVLn3O14(H2O)3][(SbW9O33)3(PW9O34)]·28H2O(1-Ln, Ln = Ce, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy) (en = ethylenediamine). Interestingly, by replacing en with imidazole, another series of 5p-4f heterometallic cluster substituted POMs H13(HIm)4K2Na4(H2O)9[SbIII9SbVLn3O14(H2O)3][(SbW9O33)3(PW9O34)]·26H2O (2-Ln, Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Im = imidazole) were obtained. Structural analyses indicate that both 1-Ln and 2-Ln are made up of an unprecedented 5p-4f heterometallic {Sb10Ln3O14(H2O)3} cluster stabilized simultaneously by mixed trilacunary heteropolyanions including {A-α-PW9O34} and {B-α-SbW9O33}. Impedance measurements indicate that both compounds exhibit different proton conduction properties, and the conductivity of 2 can reach up to 1.64 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 85 °C under 98% relative humidity. Moreover, the fluorescence emission behaviors of both compounds have been studied.

14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(69): 8624-8627, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369518

RESUMO

A series of 3d-4f heterometallic cluster incorporated polyoxoniobates (PONbs) with different magnetic properties were first made and characterized. This work not only provides a promising strategy to make new heterometallic cluster incorporated PONbs but also demonstrates an ideal model to probe how transition-metal ions influence the magnetic property of PONbs.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 60(13): 9278-9281, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142822

RESUMO

A high contrast of ∼67 times, exceeding those of all known photoswitching bulk quadratic nonlinear-optical materials, has been realized in a photochromic semiconductor, by the strategy of increasing electron-transfer efficiency and self-absorption.

16.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(38): 4702-4705, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977969

RESUMO

Nanoscale {Nb68O200} cages have been successfully employed as flexible and stable secondary building units to combine with bridging copper-amine complexes to construct two proton conductive polyoxoniobate frameworks, demonstrating a promising strategy for making new porous materials.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 60(8): 5538-5544, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830749

RESUMO

Photoresponse ranges of commercially prevailing photoelectric semiconductors, typically Si and InGaAs, are far from fully covering the whole solar spectrum (∼295-2500 nm), resulting in insufficient solar energy conversion or narrow wave bands for photoelectric detection. Recent studies have shown that infinite π-aggregation of viologen radicals can provide semiconductors with a photoelectric response range covering the solar spectrum. However, controlled assembly of an infinite π-aggregate is still a great challenge in material design. Through directional self-assembly of electron-transfer photoactive polycyclic ligands, two crystalline inorganic-organic hybrid photochromic viologen-based bismuth halide semiconductors, ((Me)3pytpy)[BiCl6]·2H2O [1; (Me)3pytpy = N,N',N″-trimethyl-2,4,6-tris(4-pyridyl)pyridine] and ((Me)3pytpy)[Bi2Cl9]·H2O (2), have been synthesized. They represent the first series of pytpy-based photochromic compounds. After photoinduced coloration, the conductivities of both 1 and 2 increased. The radical products have electron absorption bands in the range of 200-1600 nm, exceeding that of Si. Both the conductivity and the photocurrent intensity of 2 are stronger than those of 1, due to better planarity, tighter π-stacking, and higher degrees of overlap of ((Me)3pytpy)3+ cations. This study not only provides a new design idea for synthesizing radical-based multispectral photoelectric semiconductors but also enriches the family of electron-transfer photochromic compounds.

18.
Int J Hematol ; 114(2): 189-198, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893987

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor affects the invasiveness of solid tumors by regulating angiogenesis. However, it is not clear whether VEGF could be used to predict the prognosis of DLBCL in the era of rituximab-based immunotherapy. We conducted a retrospective study to explore response to therapy and the prognostic value of VEGF on DLBCL in the rituximab era. The subjects were 65 patients with a histological diagnosis of DLBCL from the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to estimate the cumulative survival rate of patients with different VEGF and IPI levels, and comparisons between groups were made using the log-rank test. DLBCL patients with elevated VEGF were more likely to have extranodal involvement, advanced stage, Myc/Bcl-2 double expression, and a higher Ki-67 score. Elevated VEGF was associated with poor therapeutic response and survival. When patients were divided into low, low-intermediate, high-intermediate and high-risk groups using the V-IPI model based on VEGF and IPI, PFS rates were 94.4, 74.1, 40.6 and 14.8%, respectively. This model better identified low-risk patients than IPI (85.9, 88.9, 37 and 7.8%). Our results demonstrate that VEGF predicts therapeutic response in DLBCL and the V-IPI model accurately predicts PFS of low-risk DLBCL in the rituximab era.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Prognóstico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Inorg Chem ; 60(9): 6162-6166, 2021 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871999

RESUMO

A tetratellurium-substituted heteropolyoxoniobate with the formula K2H[Cu(phen)(H2O)]4[Cu(phen)]2[(LiNb8Te4O40)]·34H2O (1; phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) was hydrothermally prepared and structurally characterized. The compound represents the first hexavalent tellurium-substituted Keggin-type polyoxometalate (POM) so far. What is more, the POM cluster in 1 can elaborately self-assemble into a stable supramolecular framework with an ion conduction property through unique intermolecular π-π stacking.

20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 94: 107357, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33715980

RESUMO

The increased resistance and toxicity have become the main causes of chemotherapy failure for treating lung cancer. The combination of chemotherapeutic drugs with other agents has been recognized as a promising strategy to overcome these difficulties. Isovitexin (IVT) is a well-known flavone C-glycoside found in many plants and has attracted wide attention due to its obvious antitumor and antioxidant effects. In this study, we investigated the synergistic effects of IVX and cisplatin (DDP) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) A549 and H1975 cells. The results showed that the combined treatment with IVT and DDP markedly inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis of the two NSCLC cells. Using a mouse model of A549 xenograft, IVT potentiated the inhibition of DDP on tumor growth, but reduced DDP-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in mice. Remarkedly, IVT promoted lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and lectin- stimulated splenocyte proliferation, and enhance cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cell activities as well as the production of IL-2 and TNF-α. Furthermore, IVT significantly reduced glucose uptake, lactate production, and ATP production, and downregulated the protein expressions of pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2)-mediated pathway in both A549 and H1975 cells. After the over-expression of PKM2 in the NSCLC cells, the synergistic antitumor effect of IVT and DDP was markedly weakened. Therefore, IVT not only inhibited cell proliferation and glucose metabolism via downregulating the expression of PKM2 to enhance the antitumor activity of DDP against lung cancer cells, and improved DDP-induced immunotoxicity in mice. It also presented a novel strategy to enhance the anti-tumor effect of platinum-based chemotherapy against NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Apigenina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Glucose/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apigenina/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Proteínas de Transporte/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Camundongos Nus , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Hormônios Tireóideos/imunologia
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