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1.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234760

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Adults with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) generally benefit from treatment with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)-like regimens, but approximately 40% will relapse after such treatment. We evaluated the value of CpG methylation in predicting relapse for adults with T-LBL treated with ALL-like regimens. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: A total of 549 adults with T-LBL from 27 medical centers were included in the analysis. Using the Illumina Methylation 850K Beadchip, 44 relapse-related CpGs were identified from 49 T-LBL samples by two algorithms: least absolute shrinkage and selector operation (LASSO) and support vector machine-recursive feature elimination (SVM-RFE). We built a four-CpG classifier using LASSO Cox regression based on association between the methylation level of CpGs and relapse-free survival in the training cohort (n = 160). The four-CpG classifier was validated in the internal testing cohort (n = 68) and independent validation cohort (n = 321). RESULTS: The four-CpG-based classifier discriminated patients with T-LBL at high risk of relapse in the training cohort from those at low risk (P < 0.001). This classifier also showed good predictive value in the internal testing cohort (P < 0.001) and the independent validation cohort (P < 0.001). A nomogram incorporating five independent prognostic factors including the CpG-based classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed a significantly higher predictive accuracy than each single variable. Stratification into different subgroups by the nomogram helped identify the subset of patients who most benefited from more intensive chemotherapy and/or sequential hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Our four-CpG-based classifier could predict disease relapse in patients with T-LBL, and could be used to guide treatment decision.

2.
Nanoscale ; 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064483

RESUMO

One-dimensional (1D) inorganic-organic metal halide hybrids at the molecular level, which can be considered as arrays of nanochains isolated by organic components, have shown remarkable optical and electric properties. This review summarizes their reported structural types and shows how to modify their band gaps and optical and electric properties.

3.
Leukemia ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080345

RESUMO

We aimed to establish a discriminative gene-expression-based classifier to predict survival outcomes of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. After exploring global gene-expression profiles of progressive (n = 22) vs. progression-free (n = 28) T-LBL patients, 43 differentially expressed mRNAs were identified. Then an eleven-gene-based classifier was established using LASSO Cox regression based on NanoString quantification. In the training cohort (n = 169), high-risk patients stratified using the classifier had significantly lower progression-free survival (PFS: hazards ratio 4.123, 95% CI 2.565-6.628; p < 0.001), disease-free survival (DFS: HR 3.148, 95% CI 1.857-5.339; p < 0.001), and overall survival (OS: HR 3.790, 95% CI 2.237-6.423; p < 0.001) compared with low-risk patients. The prognostic accuracy of the classifier was validated in the internal testing (n = 84) and independent validation cohorts (n = 360). A prognostic nomogram consisting of five independent variables including the classifier, lactate dehydrogenase levels, ECOG-PS, central nervous system involvement, and NOTCH1/FBXW7 status showed significantly greater prognostic accuracy than each single variable alone. The addition of a five-miRNA-based signature further enhanced the accuracy of this nomogram. Furthermore, patients with a nomogram score ≥154.2 significantly benefited from the BFM protocol. In conclusion, our nomogram comprising the 11-gene-based classifier may make contributions to individual prognosis prediction and treatment decision-making.

4.
Mar Drugs ; 18(1)2020 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940773

RESUMO

Many marine microorganisms synthesize exopolysaccharides (EPSs), and some of these EPSs have been reported to have potential in different fields. However, the pharmaceutical potentials of marine EPSs are rarely reported. The EPS secreted by the Artic marine bacterium Polaribacter sp. SM1127 has good antioxidant activity, outstanding moisture-retention ability, and considerable protective property on human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) at low temperature. Here, the effects of SM1127 EPS on skin wound healing and frostbite injury prevention were studied. Scratch wound assay showed that SM1127 EPS could stimulate the migration of HDFs. In the full-thickness cutaneous wound experiment of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, SM1127 EPS increased the wound healing rate and stimulated tissue repair detected by macroscopic observation and histologic examination, showing the ability of SM1127 EPS to promote skin wound healing. In the skin frostbite experiment of SD rats, pretreatment of rat skin with SM1127 EPS increased the rate of frostbite wound healing and promoted the repair of the injured skin significantly, indicating the good effect of SM1127 EPS on frostbite injury prevention. These results suggest the promising potential of SM1127 EPS in the pharmaceutical area to promote skin wound healing and prevent frostbite injury.

5.
Endocr J ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723088

RESUMO

Thyroglobulin measurement in the needle washout after fine-needle aspiration (FNA-Tg) served as an important measurement for suspicious recurrent or metastatic lesions. We conducted a pooled analysis to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of FNA-Tg and searched electronic databases for original articles in English from 1993 through 2017. Finally, a total of 22 studies containing 2,670 lymph nodes (LNs) that enrolled participants with suspicious neck LNs during thyroid nodule workup or papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) follow-up were included. In our analysis, the overall pooled sensitivity for FNA-Tg was 0.91 (95%CI: 0.87-0.93), specificity was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.91-0.96). Meta regression revealed that the cutoff value and status of serum Tg were sources of heterogeneity for sensitivity, and the cutoff value was source of heterogeneity for specificity. Additionally, the cutoff value and status of serum Tg were sources of heterogeneity in the joint model. Subgroup analysis about cut-off value showed that the choice of 1 ng/mL had highest sensitivity, 40 ng/mL had highest specificity. At last, we arrived at the conclusion that FNA-Tg measurement had high specificity and sensitivity in the early detection of LNs metastases from PTC by our meta-analysis. The technique was simple and could be recommended to apply in any FNA facility, especially when LN were small-sized. Significantly, a better standardization of criteria for FNA-Tg detection and cutoff value was required to provide useful data and to improve management of PTC patients in the future.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(21): 2612-2620, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a common complication during pregnancy. Obesity and overweight are closely related to metabolic diseases and diabetes. However, the role of adipose tissue in the pathogenesis of GDM remains to be studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of vitamin D (VD) levels, VD receptor (VDR), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) expression with GDM in overweight or obese women. METHODS: One hundred and forty pregnant women with full-term single-birth cesarean-section were selected as the study subjects and grouped (70 GDM women, including 35 non-overweight/non-obese women [group G1] and 35 women with overweight or obesity [group G2]; 70 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance, including 35 non-overweight/non-obese women [group N1] and 35 overweight/obese women [group N2]). The levels of serum VD, blood biochemistry, and adiponectin were compared in these women. Subcutaneous adipose tissue was isolated from the abdominal wall incision. VDR and PPARγ messenger RNA (mRNA) transcript levels in these adipose tissues were quantified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The differences between the levels of PPARγ protein and phosphorylated PPARγ Ser273 were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: The serum VD level of GDM women was lower in comparison to that of women with normal glucose tolerance (G1 vs. N1: 20.62 ±â€Š7.87 ng/mL vs. 25.85 ±â€Š7.29 ng/mL, G2 vs. N2: 17.06 ±â€Š6.74 ng/mL vs. 21.62 ±â€Š7.18 ng/mL, P < 0.05), and the lowest in overweight/obese GDM women. VDR and PPARγ mRNA expression was higher in the adipose tissues of GDM women in comparison to that of women with normal glucose tolerance (VDR mRNA: G1 vs. N1: 210.00 [90.58-311.46] vs. 89.34 [63.74-159.92], G2 vs. N2: 298.67 [170.84-451.25] vs. 198.28 [119.46-261.23], PPARγ mRNA: G1 vs. N1: 100.72 [88.61-123.87] vs. 87.52 [66.37-100.04], G2 vs. N2: 117.33 [100.08-149.00] vs. 89.90 [76.95-109.09], P < 0.05), and their expression was the highest in GDM + overweight/obese women. VDR mRNA levels positively correlated with the pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), pre-delivery BMI, fasting blood glucose (FBG), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and PPARγ mRNA while it negatively correlated with the VD and the adiponectin levels (r = 0.395, 0.336, 0.240, 0.190, 0.235, -0.350, -0.294, respectively, P < 0.05). The degree of PPARγ Ser273 phosphorylation increased in obese and GDM pregnant women. PPARγ mRNA levels positively correlated with pre-pregnancy BMI, pre-delivery BMI, FBG, HOMA-IR, serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, free fatty acid, and VDR mRNA, while it negatively correlated with the VD and adiponectin levels (r = 0.276, 0.199, 0.210, 0.230, 0.182, 0.214, 0.270, 0.235, -0.232, -0.199, respectively, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Both GDM and overweight/obese women had decreased serum VD levels and up-regulated VDR and PPARγ mRNA expression in adipose tissue, which was further higher in the overweight or obese women with GDM. VD may regulate the formation and differentiation of adipocytes through the VDR and PPARγ pathways and participate in the occurrence of GDM.

7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1118-1122, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the significance of lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR) in the disease progress of primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL). METHODS: The clinical data of 43 patients diagnosed as PGI-DLBCL in our hospital from January 2011 to December 2015 were collected, and the disease progress was followed up. RESULTS: According to the ROC curve, the threshold value of LMR for 2 years PFS (%) of PGI-DLBCL patients was 2.6. Unvariate analysis showed that LMR (P<0.05), large enclosed mass lesion (P<0.01) and IPI (P<0.05) were prognostic factors affecting PFS, the COX regression model multivariate analysis showed that LMR<2.6 [ (risk ratio (RR)=3.083, 95%CI 1.828-8.313, P<0.01], and large enclosed mass lesions (RR=2.718, 95%CI 1.339-6.424, P<0.05) were the independent adverse prognostic factor for two years PFS. CONCLUSION: Both LMR<2.6 and large enclosed mass lesions relate with the progress of PGI-DLBCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Monócitos , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Linfócitos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(34): 30713-30718, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366190

RESUMO

Improving the stability and photoelectric properties are current aims in the field of inorganic-organic hybrid lead halides. In this work, a new covalently bonded pillared layered bromoplumbate, [Pb3Br6(CV)]n, was prepared using a photoactive zwitterion viologen, N,N'-4,4'-bipyridiniodipropionate (CV), as a ligand. It has a high thermal stability in air and shows a remarkable increase of capacitance after photoinduced electron transfer (PIET). The observed dielectric switch ratio of ∼689% at 3 kHz exceeded all reported values at room temperature for switchable dielectric materials. The capacitance gain was derived from the redistribution of electrons after PIET from the lead-halide layer to organic π-aggregates, so that the activation energy of hopping polarizability was significantly reduced.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(28): 9475-9478, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070835

RESUMO

Breaking the intrinsic rule of semiconductors that conductivity increases with increase of temperature and realizing a dramatic dropping of conductivity at high temperature may arouse new intriguing applications, such as circuit overload or over-temperature protecting. This goal has now been achieved through T-type electron-transfer photochromism of one organic semiconductor assembled by intermolecular cation⋅⋅⋅π interactions. Conductivity of the viologen-based model semiconductor (H2 bipy)(Hox)2 (H2 bipy=4,4'-bipyridin-1,1'-dium; ox=oxalate) increased by 2 orders of magnitude after photoinduced electron transfer (a record for photoswitchable organic semiconductors) and generation of radical cation⋅⋅⋅π interactions, and fell by approximately 81 % at 100 °C through reverse electron transfer and degeneration of the radical cation⋅⋅⋅π interactions. The model semiconductor has at least two different electron transfer pathways in the decoloration process.

10.
Leukemia ; 33(10): 2454-2465, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953029

RESUMO

New prognostic factors are needed to establish indications for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in first complete remission (CR1) for T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) patients. We used microarray to compare T-LBL tissue samples (n = 75) and fetal thymus tissues (n = 20), and identified 35 differentially expressed miRNAs. Using 107 subjects as the training group, we developed a five-miRNA-based classifier to predict patient survival with LASSO Cox regression: lower risk was associated with better prognosis (disease-free survival (DFS): hazard ratio (HR) 4.548, 95% CI 2.433-8.499, p < 0.001; overall survival (OS): HR 5.030, 95% CI 2.407-10.513, p < 0.001). This classifier displayed good performance in the internal testing set (n = 106) and the independent external set (n = 304). High risk was associated with more favorable response to HSCT (DFS: HR 1.675, 95% CI 1.127-2.488, p = 0.011; OS: HR 1.602, 95% CI 1.055-2.433, p = 0.027). When combined with ECOG-PS and/or NOTCH1/FBXW7 status, this classifier had even better prognostic performance in patients receiving HSCT (DFS: HR 2.088, 95% CI 1.290-3.379, p = 0.003; OS: HR 1.996, 95% CI 1.203-3.311, p = 0.007). The five-miRNA classifier may be a useful prognostic biomarker for T-LBL adults, and could identify subjects who could benefit from HSCT.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Indução de Remissão/métodos
11.
Dis Esophagus ; 32(1)2019 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29905761

RESUMO

This study was performed to investigate the prognostic significance of a cumulative score based on the preoperative plasma fibrinogen and serum albumin (FA score) in operable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Clinicopathologic characteristics, preoperative fibrinogen, and albumin concentrations were retrospectively reviewed in patients who underwent transthoracic esophagectomy. The optimal cutoff value was defined as 4.0 g/L for fibrinogen according to previous studies and as 41.0 g/L for albumin for the lower quartile. Subjects with elevated fibrinogen and decreased albumin levels were allocated a score of 2, those with only one of these two abnormalities were assigned a score of 1, and those with neither of the abnormalities were allocated a score of 0. The preoperative FA score was significantly associated with tumor length, depth of invasion, lymph node involvement, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, and the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS). No significant differences in age, gender, tumor location, degree of differentiation, smoking or alcohol consumption were found between groups. Univariate survival analysis revealed that high preoperative FA score (1/2) was significantly associated with unfavorable disease-free survival (DFS) [hazard ratio (HR), 1.675; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.278-2.195; P < 0.001] and overall survival (OS) (HR, 1.685; 95% CI, 1.268-2.239; P < 0.001). Furthermore, it remained an independent prognostic indicator for both DFS (HR, 1.394; 95% CI, 1.035-1.879; P = 0.029) and OS (HR, 1.369; 95% CI, 1.010-1.878; P = 0.048) in multivariable Cox regression analysis. A high preoperative FA score could significantly predict impaired long-term survival for ESCC patients who underwent transthoracic esophagectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/sangue , Esofagectomia/mortalidade , Fibrinogênio/análise , Albumina Sérica/análise , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(100): 14077-14080, 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30468224

RESUMO

Introduction of the viologen cation, a well-known electron acceptor, into molybdate layers led to a dramatic change in the conductance of the 2D hybrid material in the process of photo-induced or thermo-induced coloration, which provides an alternative approach to manipulate the electronic properties of 2D semiconductors via external optical/thermal stimuli.

13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 108: 941-951, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372906

RESUMO

An-te-xiao capsule consists of total alkaloids from the dried whole plantof Solanum lyratum, and showed antitumor effects in our previous study. However, its inhibitory effect on multiple non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell lines and the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated clearly. This study sought to investigate the inhibitory effects of An-te-xiao capsule on three main types of NSCLC cell lines (A549, NCI-H460, and NCI-H520) in vitro and in vivo and the underlying mechanisms of action including its potential anti-angiogenesis effects. An-te-xiao capsule showed no acute oral toxicity in mice, and significantly prolonged survival time in a mouse model of Lewis tumor xenograft. The inhibition of A549, NCI-H460, and NCI-H520 cells by An-te-xiao capsule was reflected in its effects on tumor growth, histopathological changes, tumor microvessel density (MVD), cell cycle regulatory proteins, and cell apoptosis. In vitro, An-te-xiao capsule repressed migration, invasion, and tube formation of tumor-derived vascular endothelial cells (Td-ECs), which were obtained using a co-culture system, in the presence or absence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at safe concentrations selected using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Moreover, An-te-xiao capsule inhibited the secretion of VEGF by A549 cells in the co-culture system and suppressed the phosphorylation of VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). Taken together, An-te-xiao capsule has potential for treating NSCLC.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Células A549 , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Solanum/química , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
14.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 132(14): 1597-1614, 2018 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997237

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been highlighted to be involved in the pathological process of ischemic stroke (IS). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the expression profile of lncRNAs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of acute IS patients and to explore their utility as biomarkers of IS. Distinctive expression patterns of PBMC lncRNAs were identified by an lncRNA microarray and individual quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in four independent sets for 206 IS, 179 healthy controls (HCs), and 55 patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA). A biomarker panel (lncRNA-based combination index) was established using logistic regression. LncRNA microarray analysis showed 70 up-regulated and 128 down-regulated lncRNAs in IS patients. Individual qRT-PCR validation demonstrated that three lncRNAs (linc-DHFRL1-4, SNHG15, and linc-FAM98A-3) were significantly up-regulated in IS patients compared with HCs and TIA patients. Longitudinal analysis of lncRNA expression up to 90 days after IS showed that linc-FAM98A-3 normalized to control levels by day 7, while SNHG15 remained increased, indicating the ability of lncRNAs to monitor IS dynamics. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the lncRNA-based combination index outperformed serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurone-specific enolase (NSE) in distinguishing IS patients from TIA patients and HCs with areas under ROC curve of more than 0.84. Furthermore, the combination index increased significantly after treatment and was correlated with neurological deficit severity of IS. The panel of these altered lncRNAs was associated with acute IS and could serve as a novel diagnostic method.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(31): 26526-26532, 2018 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29987932

RESUMO

We report the switchable optical waveguide microfibers based on fluorescent supramolecular polymer for the first time. The pillar[5]arene-based supramolecular polymeric microfibers were prepared easily from the viscous solution of bispillar[5]arene host (bisP5A) and diphenylanthracene-derived guest (GD). The resulting microfibers  act as an active optical waveguide material with long propagation distance (400 µm) and low optical propagation loss (0.01 dB/µm). When photoresponsive dithienylethene-derived guest (GDTE) was added, the resulting ternary microfibers show switchable optical waveguide by the noninvasive control of UV/vis light with negligible fatigue over four cycles. This convenient preparation method is also applied for the quadruple-hydrogen-bonded fluorescent supramolecular polymeric microfibers which imply good light propagation property with an optical loss coefficient of 0.02 dB/µm.

16.
Genes Genomics ; 40(7): 687-700, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29934810

RESUMO

Reproduction is a complex physiological process that is regulated by multiple genes and pathways. Compared with studies of common livestock, fewer studies of genes related to the fertility of rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) have been reported, and the molecular mechanism of their high productivity is still poorly understood. To identify candidate genes associated with development and prolificacy in rabbits, we analyzed gene expression differences among the ovaries of mature Californian rabbit (LC), and mature (HH) and immature Harbin white rabbit (IH) using digital gene expression technology. We detected 885 and 321 genes that were significantly differentially expressed in comparisons between HH/IH and HH/LC, respectively. The functions of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were determined by GO classification and KEGG pathway analysis. The results suggest that most of the DEGs between the mature and immature developmental stages were predominantly associated with DNA replication, cell cycle, and progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, and most were up-regulated in the IH group compared with the HH group. The DEGs involved in disparate fecundities between HH and LC were associated with reproduction, fructose and mannose metabolism, steroid hormone biosynthesis, and pyruvate metabolism. Our results will contribute to a better understanding of changes in the regulatory network in ovary at different developmental stages and in different fertility of rabbit.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Oogênese/genética , Reprodução/genética , Transcriptoma/genética , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Análise em Microsséries , Ovário/metabolismo , Coelhos
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(6): 1156-1161, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676122

RESUMO

Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (UPLC-ELSD) fingerprint analysis method was established for quality control of Guci tablets. Chromatographic separation was performed on Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 µm) at 30 °C of column temperature. Acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution was adopted as mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was set at 0.3 mL·min⁻¹, and the injection volume was 3 µL. Detection was carried out on an ELSD with a nitrogen pressure of 0.28 MPa, drift tube temperature of 60 °C, and gain of 400. A total of 39 batches of samples produced by six manufacturers were measured by using the above method and the data were analyzed by ChemPattern software. The peak present in more than 75% of the samples was defined as a common peak, and 30 common peaks were determined. Among them, 19 peaks were identified by rapid resolution liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (RRLC-MS/MS) method, 16 of which were confirmed by reference substances. The similarity of the tested samples was 0.47-0.98, suggesting that the quality of the samples from different manufacturers varied greatly. Furthermore, principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical analysis (HCA) were performed to clarify the main different components in samples. The results indicated that there might be some feeding problems about Paeoniae Radix Alba, Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma, and Clematidis Radix et Rhizoma in a few manufacturers. This study provided some evidences for the overall quality control of Guci tablets, as well as its quality standard improvements.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Controle de Qualidade , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Comprimidos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
18.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(36): 4525-4528, 2018 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29542758

RESUMO

A photochromic compound with fast response to Mo-Kα (4 min) and Al-Kα (1 s) X-rays was synthesized using a cluster of high-Z atoms and a flexible viologen zwitterion. The coloration time of 1 s when exposed to soft X-rays is the recorded minimum for X-ray-induced photochromic materials, indicating a potential to detect low-energy X-rays.

19.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 3086, 2018 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29449594

RESUMO

Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most devastating diseases of wheat. Resistant cultivars are the preferred strategy to control the disease. Space-induced wheat mutant R39 has adult-plant resistance (APR) to Pst. Genetic analysis indicated that a single recessive gene, designated YrR39, was responsible for the APR of R39 to Pst. Bulked segregant analysis (BSA) combined with a SLAF sequencing (SLAF-seq) strategy was used to fine-map YrR39 to a 17.39 Mb segment on chromosome 4B. The region was confirmed by analysis with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. A total of 126 genes were annotated in the region and 21 genes with annotations associated with disease response were selected for further qRT-PCR analysis. The candidate gene Traes_4BS_C868349E1 (annotated as an F-box/LRR-repeat protein) was up-regulated after 12, 24, 48, and 96 hours post inoculation with Pst, suggesting it is likely involved in the resistance. The current study demonstrated that BSA combined with SLAF-seq for SNP discovery is an efficient approach for mapping and identifying candidate functional gene.


Assuntos
Doenças das Plantas/genética , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Cromossomos de Plantas , Resistência à Doença , Genes de Plantas , Ligação Genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Genótipo , Repetições de Microssatélites , Poaceae/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Plântula/genética
20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 140(8): 2805-2811, 2018 02 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29421867

RESUMO

Broad absorption, long-lived photogenerated carriers, high conductance, and high stability are all required for a light absorber toward its real application on solar cells. Inorganic-organic hybrid lead-halide materials have shown tremendous potential for applications in solar cells. This work offers a new design strategy to improve the absorption range, conductance, photoconductance, and stability of these materials. We synthesized a new photochromic lead-chloride semiconductor by incorporating a photoactive viologen zwitterion into a lead-chloride system in the coordinating mode. This semiconductor has a novel inorganic-organic hybrid structure, where 1-D semiconducting inorganic lead-chloride nanoribbons covalently bond to 1-D semiconducting organic π-aggregates. It shows high stability against light, heat, and moisture. After photoinduced electron transfer (PIET), it yields a long-lived charge-separated state with a broad absorption band covering the 200-900 nm region while increasing its conductance and photoconductance. This work is the first to modify the photoconductance of semiconductors by PIET. The observed increasing times of conductivity reached 3 orders of magnitude, which represents a record for photoswitchable semiconductors. The increasing photocurrent comes mainly from the semiconducting organic π-aggregates, which indicates a chance to improve the photocurrent by modifying the organic component. These findings contribute to the exploration of light absorbers for solar cells.

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