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1.
Immun Ageing ; 20(1): 1, 2023 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36604719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diet and chronic inflammation might play a major role in the pathogenesis of mild cognitive impairment (MCI). In addition, peripheral blood leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and mitochondrial DNA copy number (mtDNAcn) might mediate the relationship between inflammation and MCI risk. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate whether inflammatory potential of diet assessed by dietary inflammatory index (DII), chronic inflammation, peripheral blood LTL, and mtDNAcn were associated with the risk of MCI. RESULTS: A population-based cohort study was conducted with a total of 2944 participants. During a median follow-up of 2 years, 438 (14.90%) individuals were new-onset MCI. After adjustment, a higher score of DII (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.056, 95% CI: 1.005, 1.109), a higher log systemic immune inflammation index (SII) (HR: 1.333, 95% CI: 1.089, 1.633) and log system inflammation response index (SIRI) (HR: 1.487, 95% CI: 1.024, 2.161) predicted elevated risk of MCI. An increased mtDNAcn (HR: 0.843, 95% CI: 0.712, 0.997), but not LTL, predicted a decreased risk of MCI. Negative associations of log SII with LTL (ß:-0.359, 95% CI: -0.445, -0.273) and mtDNAcn (ß:-0.048, 95% CI: -0.090, -0.006) were found. Additionally, negative associations of log SIRI with LTL (ß: -0.035, 95% CI: -0.052, -0.017) and mtDNAcn (ß:-0.136, 95% CI: -0.216, -0.056) were also found. Path analysis suggested that SIRI, LTL, and mtDNAcn, in series, have mediation roles in the association between DII score and MCI risk. CONCLUSIONS: Higher DII, SII, and SIRI might predict a greater risk of MCI, while a longer LTL and an increased mtDNAcn were linked to a reduced risk of MCI among the older population. LTL and mtDNAcn could play mediation roles in the association between DII and MCI risk.

2.
Int Heart J ; 2023 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36682769

RESUMO

An imbalance between inflammation-resolving lipid mediators and proinflammatory leukotrienes with the instability of atherosclerotic plaques in experimental models has been reported. However, the contribution of the balance of Resolvin D1 (RvD1) to Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in predicting acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains unknown. This study investigated the association of RvD1-to-LTB4 ratio with ACS.Eighty-one patients with ACS and 90 stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) patients were included in this study. Plasma RvD1 and LTB4 levels were measured with commercial kits.Patients with ACS had higher LTB4 levels, lower RvD1 levels, and a lower RvD1-to-LTB4 ratio than patients with SCAD. History of diabetes mellitus, elevated Troponin I, LTB4, and decreased RvD1-to-LTB4 ratio (odds ratio [OR]: 1.025; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.014-1.040; P < 0.001) were independently correlated with ACS. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that RvD1-to-LTB4 ratio was a potential biomarker for the risk of ACS.A circulating proinflammatory lipid profile, characterized by a low RvD1-to-LTB4 ratio may be associated with ACS in patients with ischemic heart disease.

3.
Front Genet ; 13: 1009938, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36386844

RESUMO

Background: Reduced DNA repair capacity in nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathways owing to genetic variant may influence cancer susceptibility. According to published studies, variants of NER genes associations with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk were inconclusive. Thus, this meta-analysis aimed to explore the possible association. A trial sequence analysis (TSA) analysis was performed to control the risk of false positive or false negative. Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Network (CNKI), Wanfang Database and Scientific and Technical Journal Database (VIP) were searched to identify relative studies until April 2022. The association was assessed by odds ratio (OR) in Allele, homozygous, heterozygous, dominant, recessive, and over-dominant models. In addition, Begg's and Egger's tests, sensitivity analysis, subgroup analysis and TSA analysis were performed. Results: A total of 29 studies were eventually included in the meta-analysis, including 12,153 CRC patients and 14,168 controls. It showed that excision and repair cross complementary group 1 (ERCC1) rs11615 CC genotype decreased the risk of CRC, compared with TT genotype (CC vs. TT: OR = 0.816, 95% CI = 0.673-0.990, p = 0.039). For ERCC1 rs3212986, the significant impact was detected on increased the risk of CRC in the allele (OR = 1.267, 95% CI = 1.027-1.562, p = 0.027), homozygous (OR = 1.805, 95% CI = 1.276-2.553, p = 0.001), dominant (OR = 1.214, 95% CI = 1.012-1.455, p = 0.037) and recessive (OR = 1.714, 95% CI = 1.225-2.399, p = 0.002) models, especially in the Asian population. The results revealed the association of ERCC2 rs1799793 A allele with a higher risk of CRC (A vs. G: OR = 1.163, 95% CI = 1.021-1.325, p = 0.023). It also showed that ERCC5 rs17655 increased CRC risk in the allele (OR = 1.104, 95% CI = 1.039-1.173, p = 0.001), homozygous (OR = 1.164, 95% CI = 1.018-1.329, p = 0.026), heterozygous (OR = 1.271, 95% CI = 1.018-1.329, p < 0.001), dominant (OR = 1.241, 95% CI = 1.135-1.358, p < 0.001) and over-dominant (OR = 0.828, 95% CI = 0.762-0.900, p < 0.001) models, especially among Asians. Conclusion: This meta-analysis based on current evidence suggests that the significant association was observed between ERCC1 rs11615, ERCC1 rs3212986, ERCC2 rs1799793, and ERCC5 rs17655 and CRC susceptibility. However, given the limited sample size and the influence of genetic background, studies of a larger scale and well-designed are required to confirm the results.

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19513, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376549

RESUMO

Childhood obesity remains one of the most important issues in global health, which is implicated in many chronic diseases. Converging evidence suggests that a higher body mass index during childhood (CBMI) is significantly associated with increased coronary artery disease (CAD) susceptibility in adulthood, which may partly arise from the shared genetic determination. Despite genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have successfully identified some loci associated with CBMI and CAD individually, the genetic overlap and common biological mechanism between them remains largely unexplored. Here, relying on the results from the two large-scale GWASs (n = 35,668 for CBMI and n = 547,261 for CAD), linkage disequilibrium score regression (LDSC) was used to estimate the genetic correlation of CBMI and CAD in the first step. Then, we applied different pleiotropy-informed methods including conditional false discovery rate ([Formula: see text]) and genetic analysis incorporating pleiotropy and annotation (GPA) to detect potentially common loci for childhood obesity and CAD. By integrating the genetic information from the existing GWASs summary statistics, we found a significant positive genetic correlation ([Formula: see text] = 0.127, p = 2E-4) and strong pleiotropic enrichment between CBMI and CAD (LRT = 79.352, p = 5.2E-19). Importantly, 28 loci were simultaneously discovered to be associated with CBMI, and 13 of them were identified as potentially pleiotropic loci by [Formula: see text] and GPA. Those corresponding pleiotropic genes were enriched in trait-associated gene ontology (GO) terms "amino sugar catabolic process", "regulation of fat cell differentiation" and "synaptic transmission". Overall, the findings of the pleiotropic loci will help to further elucidate the common molecular mechanisms underlying the association of childhood obesity and CAD, and provide a theoretical direction for early disease prevention and potential therapeutic targets.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Obesidade Pediátrica , Humanos , Criança , Adulto , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Obesidade Pediátrica/genética , Pleiotropia Genética
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36237121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Observational studies suggest birth weight and childhood obesity are closely associated with age at menarche. However, the relationships between them are currently inconsistent and it remains elusive whether such associations are causal. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate whether there existed causal relationships between birth weight, childhood obesity and age at menarche. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: A two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) study. The standard inverse variance weighted MR analyses were adopted to evaluate the causal effects of birth weight (n = 143,677), childhood body mass index (BMI) (n = 39,620) on age at menarche (n = 182,416) with summary statistics from large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs). Meanwhile, we validated our MR results with some sensitivity analyses including maximum likelihood, weighted-median and MR pleiotropy residual sum and outlier methods. RESULTS: The present study showed that each one standard deviation (1-SD) lower birth weight was predicted to result in a 0.1479 years earlier of age at menarche (ß = .1479, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.0422-0.2535; p = 0.0061). We also found that genetically predicted 1-SD increase in childhood BMI was causally associated with early age at menarche (ß = -.3966, 95% CI = -0.5294 to -0.2639; p = 4.73E-09). CONCLUSIONS: Our MR study suggests the causal effect of lower birth weight and higher childhood BMI on the increased risk of earlier menarche. It may be the opportune time to carry out weight control intervention in prenatal and early childhood development periods to prevent early menarche onset, thus decreasing the future adverse consequences.

6.
Curr Alzheimer Res ; 2022 10 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent findings suggest that both dietary protein intake and hand grip strength (HGS) were associated with cognitive function, however, few studies have been devoted specifically to the mediation effect of HGS on the association of dietary protein with cognitive function. OBJECTIVES: To confirm the hypothesis that HGS mediated the association of dietary protein intake with cognitive function in the elderly, which was modified by triglyceride level and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,268 participants. Dietary protein intake, HGS, and cognitive function were collected by food frequency questionnaires (FFQ), grip measurements and mini mental state examination (MMSE), respectively. In this mediation analysis, dietary protein intake was entered as independent variable, HGS was entered as mediator, and cognitive function was entered as dependent variable. RESULTS: HGS significantly mediated the associations of dietary protein (ß = 0.0013, 95% CI: 0.0007, 0.0022), animal protein (ß = 0.0024, 95% CI: 0.0012, 0.0037), and plant protein intake (ß = 0.0011, 95% CI: 0.0001, 0.0023) with cognitive function in total participants, with the mediated proportion of 16.19%, 12.45% and 20.57%, respectively. Furthermore, significant mediation effects of HGS on the associations of dietary protein, animal protein, and plant protein intake with MMSE score were found in the elderly without hypertriglyceridemia or in MTHFR C677T CC/CT carriers. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that HGS mediated the association of dietary protein intake with cognitive function, and this mediation effect was modified by triglyceride level and MTHFR C677T gene status.

7.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1604794, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147884

RESUMO

Objectives: To develop and internally validate two clinical risk scores to detect coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during local outbreaks. Methods: Medical records were extracted for a retrospective cohort of 336 suspected patients admitted to Baodi hospital between 27 January to 20 February 2020. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to develop the risk-scoring models, which were internally validated using a 5-fold cross-validation method and Hosmer-Lemeshow (H-L) tests. Results: Fifty-six cases were diagnosed from the cohort. The first model was developed based on seven significant predictors, including age, close contact with confirmed/suspected cases, same location of exposure, temperature, leukocyte counts, radiological findings of pneumonia and bilateral involvement (the mean area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [AUC]:0.88, 95% CI: 0.84-0.93). The second model had the same predictors except leukocyte and radiological findings (AUC: 0.84, 95% CI: 0.78-0.89, Z = 2.56, p = 0.01). Both were internally validated using H-L tests and showed good calibration (both p > 0.10). Conclusion: Two clinical risk scores to detect COVID-19 in local outbreaks were developed with excellent predictive performances, using commonly measured clinical variables. Further external validations in new outbreaks are warranted.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , SARS-CoV-2
8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 90(1): 389-404, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120779

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high cost, limited availability, and perceived invasiveness of amyloid PET and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers limit their use for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the associations of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with circulating amyloid-ß (Aß), methionine circulating metabolites (MCMs), and their downstream products, and to develop a nomogram based on these easily accessible blood indexes for the individualized prediction of MCI risk in older adults. METHODS: In this nested case-control study, we recruited 74 MCI patients and, for each, 3 matched controls (n = 222) within the context of the Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition (TENC) cohort, a population-based prospective study in China. Concentrations of Aß, MCMs, and their circulating downstream factors (i.e., leukocyte telomere length and inflammatory cytokines) were evaluated in fasting blood sample using standard procedures. We constructed a nomogram for MCI harnessed multivariable logistic models incorporating variables selected in the Lasso regression. RESULTS: Among the many biomarkers examined, the final prediction nomogram retained only 3 factors: Aß42/Aß40 ratio, Hcy, and SAM/SAH ratio. The model achieved favorable discrimination, with a C-statistic of 0.75 (95% confidence interval 0.69-0.81) in internal validation after adjustment of optimism. The calibration accuracy was satisfactory; the Brier score of the model was 0.161 in internal validation after adjustment of optimism. CONCLUSION: his study presents an individualized prediction nomogram incorporating only three blood biomarkers (i.e., Aß42/Aß40 ratio, Hcy, and SAM/SAH ratio), which can be conveniently utilized to facilitate early identification and the development of high-risk prevention strategies for MCI in older adults.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Prospectivos , Metionina , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/líquido cefalorraquidiano
9.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144880

RESUMO

Antimony (Sb) is considered a promising anode for Li-ion batteries (LIBs) because of its high theoretical specific capacity and safe Li-ion insertion potential; however, the LIBs suffer from dramatic volume variation. The volume expansion results in unstable electrode/electrolyte interphase and active material exfoliation during lithiation and delithiation processes. Designing flexible free-standing electrodes can effectively inhibit the exfoliation of the electrode materials from the current collector. However, the generally adopted methods for preparing flexible free-standing electrodes are complex and high cost. To address these issues, we report the synthesis of a unique Sb nanoparticle@N-doped porous carbon fiber structure as a free-standing electrode via an electrospinning method and surface passivation. Such a hierarchical structure possesses a robust framework with rich voids and a stable solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) film, which can well accommodate the mechanical strain and avoid electrode cracks and pulverization during lithiation/delithiation processes. When evaluated as an anode for LIBs, the as-prepared nanoarchitectures exhibited a high initial reversible capacity (675 mAh g-1) and good cyclability (480 mAh g-1 after 300 cycles at a current density of 400 mA g-1), along with a superior rate capability (420 mA h g-1 at 1 A g-1). This work could offer a simple, effective, and efficient approach to improve flexible and free-standing alloy-based anode materials for high performance Li-ion batteries.

10.
Nutrients ; 14(17)2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079798

RESUMO

Geriatric depression, a chronic condition, has become a substantial burden in rural China. This study aimed to assess the association between dietary patterns and the risk of geriatric depression in rural China. Between March 2018 and June 2019, 3304 participants were recruited for this cross-sectional study in rural Tianjin, China. Principal component analysis was used to determine the major dietary patterns. The associations between dietary patterns and the risk of geriatric depression were assessed using a logistic regression model. Four dietary patterns were identified: vegetables-fruit, animal food, processed food, and milk-egg. The study found that vegetable-fruit (Q2 vs. Q1: OR = 0.62, 95% CI: 0.46-0.83; Q3 vs. Q1: OR = 0.54, 95% CI: 0.38-0.75; Q4 vs. Q1: OR = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.26-0.57) and animal food patterns (Q3 vs. Q1: OR = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.50-0.95; Q4 vs. Q1: OR = 0.58, 95% CI: 0.41-0.82) were associated with a decreased risk of depression, and inflammatory dietary pattern (Q2 vs. Q1: OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.23-2.38; Q3 vs. Q1: OR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.22-2.36; Q4 vs. Q1: OR = 1.44, 95% CI: 1.03-2.03) was associated with an increased risk of depression. The present findings reinforce the importance of adopting an adequate diet consisting of vegetables, fruit and animal foods, while limiting the intake of pro-inflammatory foods, to decrease the risk of depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Dieta , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Verduras
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4015-4024, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046890

RESUMO

In this study, the critical quality attributes of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample were explored by using characteristic chromatogram, index component content and dry extract rate as indexes.The dissemination relationship of quantity value between medicinal materials-decoction pieces-reference sample was investigated to preliminarily formulate the quality standard of the reference sample.The characteristic chromatogram of 15 batches of Wuzhuyu Decoction was established by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and the similarity analysis was conducted.Common peaks were demarcated and assigned to medicinal materials.Moreover, quantitative determination of limonin, evodiamine, rutaecarpine and ginsenoside Rb_1 of Wuzhuyu Decoction were performed.The dissemination of quantity value was explored combined with dry extract rate, similarity of characteristic chromatogram and transfer rate of index component content.A total of 18 common peaks were identified in the corresponding materials of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample, with the similarity of characteristic chromatogram greater than 0.9, and Fructus Evodiae, Radix Ginseng, Rhizoma Zingiberis Recens and Fructus Jujubae contributed 9, 5, 8 and 2 chromatographic peaks, respectively.The index component content of corresponding materials and the transfer rates of medicinal materials-decoction pieces and decoction pieces-reference sample of different batches of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample were as follows: the content of limonin was 0.16%-0.51%, and the transfer rates were 83.66%-115.60% and 38.54%-54.58%, respectively; the content of evodiamine was 0.01%-0.11%, the transfer rated were 80.80%-116.15% and 3.23%-12.93%, respectively; the content of rutaecarpine was 0.01%-0.05%, the transfer rates were 84.33%-134.53% and 5.72%-21.24%, respectively; the content of ginsenoside Rb_1 was 0.06%-0.11%, and the transfer rates were 90.00%-96.92% and 32.45%-67.24%, respectively.The dry extract rate of the whole prescription was 22.58%-29.89%.In this experiment, the dissemination of quantity value of Wuzhuyu Decoction reference sample was analyzed by the combination of characteristic chromatogram, index component content and dry extract rate.A scientific and stable quality evaluation method of the reference sample was preliminarily established, which provided basis for the subsequent development of Wuzhuyu Decoction and the quality control of related preparations.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ginsenosídeos , Limoninas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Ginsenosídeos/análise , Limoninas/análise , Controle de Qualidade
12.
Esophagus ; 19(4): 604-616, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35792948

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Discovery of noninvasive urinary biomarkers for the early diagnosis of esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: We conducted proteomic analyses of 499 human urine samples obtained from healthy individuals (n = 321) and ESCC (n = 83), bladder cancer (n = 17), breast cancer (n = 12), colorectal cancer (n = 16), lung cancer (n = 33) and thyroid cancer (n = 17) patients from multiple medical centers. Those samples were divided into a discovery set (n = 247) and an independent validation set (n = 157). RESULTS: Among urinary proteins identified in the comprehensive quantitative proteomics analysis, we selected a panel of three urinary biomarkers (ANXA1, S100A8, TMEM256), and established a logistic regression model in the discovery set that can correctly classify the majority of ESCC cases in the validation sets with the area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.825. This urinary biomarker panel not only discriminates ESCC patients from healthy individuals but also differentiates ESCC from other common tumors. Notably, the panel distinguishes stage I ESCC patients from healthy individuals with AUC values of 0.886. On the analysis of stage-specific biomarkers, another combination panel of protein (ANXA1, S100A8, SOD3, TMEM256) demonstrated a good AUC value of 0.792 for stage I ESCC. CONCLUSIONS: Urinary biomarker panel represents a promising auxiliary diagnostic tool for ESCC, including early-stage ESCC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/diagnóstico , Humanos , Proteômica
13.
Eur J Neurol ; 29(10): 2913-2924, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35735052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The longitudinal association between serum folate concentrations and the risk of cognitive impairment remains unclear in populations with low folate levels. We examined the association between serum folate concentrations and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in older adults in China, where mandatory fortification of foods with folic acid has not been implemented. We further explored if homocysteine (Hcy) and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) mediate the association between serum folate and MCI. METHODS: We performed a longitudinal analysis of 3974 participants aged ≥60 years from the Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition (TENC) cohort study. The associations between serum folate level and the risk of cognitive impairment overall and stratified by apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 genotypes were evaluated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models. The mediating effects of Hcy and LTL on the folate-MCI association were explored via a path analysis approach. RESULTS: Within a 3-year follow-up, we documented 560 incident MCI cases. After multivariable adjustment, higher serum folate concentrations were associated with lower incidence of MCI, with hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) across quartiles of folate (from lowest to highest concentrations) of 1.00 (reference), 0.66 (0.52, 0.83), 0.57 (0.45, 0.73), 0.66 (0.52, 0.84), respectively (p for trend <0.001). In mediation analyses, the status of serum folate deficiency and MCI were correlated via two intermediary pathways, Hcy and Hcy-telomere (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Lower folate concentrations, independently of APOE genotype, were associated with increased risk of MCI among elderly Chinese people, a population with relatively low folate intake. Our data were compatible with the mediation hypothesis that the association between folate status and MCI was mediated by Hcy and LTL.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Ácido Fólico , Idoso , Apolipoproteína E4 , China/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Homocisteína , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Vitamina B 12
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 474, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650518

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have suggested that lifestyle-related factors are associated with mortality, however limited evidence is available for the Chinese elder population. METHODS: The data of this study was obtained from the Chinese Longitudinal Health Survey (CLHLS) during 2008 - 2018, lifestyle-related factors including body mass index (BMI), smoking, drinking, consumption of vegetables and fruits, physical activity and sleep duration were included as dependent variables in the analysis. A lifestyle risk score was created using six unhealthy behaviors: smoking, drinking, unhealthy weight, physical inactivity, not eat vegetables or fruits and short or prolonged sleep. The Kaplan-Meier curves were used to illustrate the cumulative effect of lifestyle factors on mortality and cox regression models were conducted to estimate the combined effects of lifestyle-related factors on total mortality. RESULTS: The results illustrated that low BMI, smoking, no fruit eating, and no physical inactivity were risk factors for total mortality. KM curves showed significant cumulative effect of unhealthy lifestyle factors on mortality. Compared with participants without any unhealthy factors, the hazard ratio (HR) for participants with six unhealthy factors was 1.335 (1.015,1.757) for all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated poor adherence to a healthy lifestyle may increase all-cause mortality and specific combinations of lifestyle related factors have different effects on mortality among Chinese elderly population.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Comportamento Sedentário , Verduras
15.
Hum Genomics ; 16(1): 15, 2022 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex, multifactorial condition in which genetic play an important role. Most of the systematic studies currently focuses on individual omics aspect and provide insightful yet limited knowledge about the comprehensive and complex crosstalk between various omics levels. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Therefore, we performed a most comprehensive trans-omics study with various omics data from 104 subjects, to identify interactions/networks and particularly causal regulatory relationships within and especially those between omic molecules with the purpose to discover molecular genetic mechanisms underlying obesity etiology in vivo in humans. RESULTS: By applying differentially analysis, we identified 8 differentially expressed hub genes (DEHGs), 14 differentially methylated regions (DMRs) and 12 differentially accumulated metabolites (DAMs) for obesity individually. By integrating those multi-omics biomarkers using Mendelian Randomization (MR) and network MR analyses, we identified 18 causal pathways with mediation effect. For the 20 biomarkers involved in those 18 pairs, 17 biomarkers were implicated in the pathophysiology of obesity or related diseases. CONCLUSIONS: The integration of trans-omics and MR analyses may provide us a holistic understanding of the underlying functional mechanisms, molecular regulatory information flow and the interactive molecular systems among different omic molecules for obesity risk and other complex diseases/traits.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Obesidade/genética
16.
Sci China Life Sci ; 65(9): 1866-1880, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35290573

RESUMO

Signaling pathway alterations in COVID-19 of living humans as well as therapeutic targets of the host proteins are not clear. We analyzed 317 urine proteomes, including 86 COVID-19, 55 pneumonia and 176 healthy controls, and identified specific RNA virus detector protein DDX58/RIG-I only in COVID-19 samples. Comparison of the COVID-19 urinary proteomes with controls revealed major pathway alterations in immunity, metabolism and protein localization. Biomarkers that may stratify severe symptoms from moderate ones suggested that macrophage induced inflammation and thrombolysis may play a critical role in worsening the disease. Hyper activation of the TCA cycle is evident and a macrophage enriched enzyme CLYBL is up regulated in COVID-19 patients. As CLYBL converts the immune modulatory TCA cycle metabolite itaconate through the citramalyl-CoA intermediate to acetyl-CoA, an increase in CLYBL may lead to the depletion of itaconate, limiting its anti-inflammatory function. These observations suggest that supplementation of itaconate and inhibition of CLYBL are possible therapeutic options for treating COVID-19, opening an avenue of modulating host defense as a means of combating SARS-CoV-2 viruses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , Proteoma , Proteômica , SARS-CoV-2 , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Eur J Neurol ; 29(5): 1385-1393, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35104029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sleep characteristics, including taking a nap and sleep apnea, have been proven to have effects on cognitive function, and apolipoprotein E polymorphism ε4 (APOEε4) has been confirmed to be a risk factor for mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but epidemiological studies linking sleep characteristics and APOEε4 are scarce. We aimed to explore the longitudinal association between sleep characteristics and MCI in an overall cohort, in APOEε4 carriers and in APOEε4 non-carriers. METHODS: We included 3053 older adults from the Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition Cohort (TENCC) study, recruited from March 2018 to June 2019, and followed up from March 2021 to June 2021. All participants underwent detailed neuropsychological evaluation that allowed psychometric MCI classification. Information on self-reported sleep characteristics was gathered via face-to-face interviews. Crude and multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using Cox proportional hazard regression models. RESULTS: In the multivariable-adjusted models, taking a nap at noon was associated with decreased risk of MCI in all participants (yes vs. no: HR 0.723, 95% CI 0.592, 0.883) and in APOEε4 non-carriers (yes vs. no: HR 0.719, 95% CI 0.576, 0.897). Sleep apnea was associated with increased risk of MCI in all participants (vs. good: HR 2.213, 95% CI 1.171, 4.180) and in APOEε4 non-carriers (vs. good: HR 2.217, 95% CI 1.085, 4.529). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that taking a nap at noon might be a potential protective factor against development of MCI in APOEε4 non-carriers, and sleep apnea might be associated with increased incidence of MCI in APOEε4 non-carriers.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono , Idoso , Apolipoproteína E4/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Estudos Prospectivos , Sono/genética
18.
Nutr Neurosci ; 25(7): 1495-1508, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Homocysteine (Hcy) and folate, involved in a common metabolic pathway supplying essential methyl groups for DNA and protein synthesis, have been found to be associated with cognitive function. Moreover, diet may influence methionine cycle metabolites (MCM) as well as mild cognitive impairment (MCI), but MCM-related dietary patterns are unclear in an older population. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to identify MCM-related dietary patterns of older Chinese adults, and examine their association with the prevalence of MCI in a large population-based study. METHODS: This study included 4457 participants ≥ 60 years of age from the Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition Cohort study. Dietary data were collected using a valid self-administered food frequency questionnaire, and factor analysis was used to identify major dietary patterns in the population. MCM-based dietary patterns were derived using reduced rank regression (RRR) based on serum folate and Hcy as response variables. RESULTS: Compared with the participants in the lowest quartile of vegetarian pattern and processed foods pattern, the odds ratios (ORs) of MCI in the highest quartile were 0.72 (95% CI 0.53-0.98) and 1.39 (95% CI 1.03-1.88), respectively. In the MCM-based dietary patterns derived using RRR, the ORs for MCI for the highest quartile of MCM patterns I and II were 0.58 (95% CI 0.44-0.78) and 1.38 (95% CI 1.04-1.83), respectively, compared with participants in the lower quartile. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from this large population-based study suggested that adopting an MCM-related dietary pattern, especially avoiding processed foods, can decrease the occurrence of MCI.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Metionina , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Ácido Fólico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
19.
Front Genet ; 12: 758003, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868233

RESUMO

Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) as the main traditional crop in China, is rich in many kinds of high quality fatty acids (FAs). In this study, Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-time-of-flight-tandem mass spectrometer (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to determine the lipids of JG35 and JG39. A total of 2,633 lipid molecules and 31 lipid subclasses were identified, mainly including thirteen kinds of glycerophospholipids (GP), eleven kinds of glycerolipids (GL), four kinds of sphingolipids (SP), two kinds of fatty acyls (FA) and one kind of sterol (ST). Among them JG35 had higher contents of diacylglycerols (DG) and ceramides (Cer), while triacylglycerols, phosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidic acid, sterol, fatty acyls and pardiolipin (TG, PE, PA, ST, FA and CL) were higher in JG39. Meantime, the correlation analysis of lipidomics and transcriptomics was used to map the main differential lipid metabolism pathways of foxtail millet. The results shown that a differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of FATA/B for the synthesis of FA was highly expressed in JG35, and the related genes for the synthesis DG (ACCase, KAS, HAD, KCS, LACS and GAPT), TG (DGAT and PDAT) and CL (CLS) were highly expressed in JG39. The results of this study will provide a theoretical basis for the future study of lipidomics, improvement of lipid quality directionally and breeding of idiosyncratic quality varieties in foxtail millet.

20.
Nutr Neurosci ; : 1-10, 2021 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34957928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are minimal data on the relationship between DII and MCI in an elderly Chinese population and no research has assessed the potential effect of LTL. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between DII and MCI while taking into account the potential effect of LTL. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3,386 participants aged ≥ 60 years of age from the Tianjin Elderly Nutrition and Cognition Cohort study. DII score was constructed based on a validated self-administered food frequency questionnaire was calculated based on the method developed by Shivappa et al. LTL was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between DII, LTL and MCI. Moreover, mediation analysis was employed to test the mediation effect of LTL on the total effect of DII on MCI. RESULTS: Compared with the participants in the lowest tertiles of LTL and DII score, the odds ratios (ORs) of MCI in the highest tertiles were 0.386(95% CI: 0.281-0.529) and 1.650 (95% CI: 1.232-2.209), respectively. The significant association between DII score and MCI persisted after further adjusting for LTL (OR: 1.595; 95% CI: 1.189-2.140). The link between DII score and MCI was mediated partially by LTL (ßindirect effect= -0.008, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: High DII score was positively associated with MCI prevalence in an elderly Chinese population and the link between DII scores and MCI seemed to be mediated partially by LTL.

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