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1.
Front Public Health ; 10: 813135, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35493368

RESUMO

Objective: Precise segmentation of human organs and anatomic structures (especially organs at risk, OARs) is the basis and prerequisite for the treatment planning of radiation therapy. In order to ensure rapid and accurate design of radiotherapy treatment planning, an automatic organ segmentation technique was investigated based on deep learning convolutional neural network. Method: A deep learning convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithm called BCDU-Net has been modified and developed further by us. Twenty two thousand CT images and the corresponding organ contours of 17 types delineated manually by experienced physicians from 329 patients were used to train and validate the algorithm. The CT images randomly selected were employed to test the modified BCDU-Net algorithm. The weight parameters of the algorithm model were acquired from the training of the convolutional neural network. Result: The average Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) of the automatic segmentation and manual segmentation of the human organs of 17 types reached 0.8376, and the best coefficient reached up to 0.9676. It took 1.5-2 s and about 1 h to automatically segment the contours of an organ in an image of the CT dataset for a patient and the 17 organs for the CT dataset with the method developed by us, respectively. Conclusion: The modified deep neural network algorithm could be used to automatically segment human organs of 17 types quickly and accurately. The accuracy and speed of the method meet the requirements of its application in radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Órgãos em Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
2.
Endocrinology ; 2022 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35511048

RESUMO

Ovulation is a dramatic remodeling process that includes rupture of blood capillaries and clotting, but coagulation is not thought to directly regulate this process. Herein, we report remarkable increases of coagulation factors V (f5, ~3145-fold) and tissue factor (f3a, ~120-fold) in zebrafish ovarian follicle cells during ovulation. This increase was mediated through the nuclear progestin receptor (Pgr), which is essential for ovulation in zebrafish, and was totally abolished in ovarian follicular cells from pgr-/- mutants. In addition, promoter activities of f5 and f3a were significantly enhanced by progestin (DHP) via Pgr. Similar regulation of human F5 promoter activity was induced via human PGRB, suggesting a conserved mechanism. Site-directed mutagenesis of the zebrafish f5 promoter further demonstrated a direct regulation of coagulation factors via progestin response elements. Moreover, a stark increase of erythrocytes occurred in capillaries meshed in wildtype preovulatory follicles but was absent in pgr-/- mutants. Interestingly, anticoagulants significantly inhibited ovulation both in vitro and in vivo, respectively. Furthermore, reduced fecundity was observed in f5+/- female zebrafish. Taken together, our study provides plausible evidence for steroid regulation of coagulation factors, and a new hypothesis for blood clotting triggered ovulation in vertebrates.

3.
Proteomics Clin Appl ; : e2100128, 2022 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35510950

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to characterize the idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM) through proteomics and phosphoproteomics analysis to facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of iERM. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The vitreous of 25 patients with an iERM and 15 patients with an idiopathic macular hole were analyzed by proteomic and phosphoproteomic analysis based on tandem mass tag. PRM was used to verify the differential proteins. RESULTS: Proteomic analysis identified a total of 878 proteins, including 50 differential proteins. Tenascin-C, galectin-3-binding protein, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, neuroserpin, collagen alpha-1(XI) chain, and collagen alpha-1(II) chain were verified to be upregulated in iERM by PRM. Phosphoproteomic analysis identified a total of 401 phosphorylation sites on 213 proteins, including 27 differential phosphorylation sites on 24 proteins. Mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase (MAPKAPK)3 and MAPKAPK5 were predicted as the major kinases in the vitreous of iERM. Twenty-six of the differential proteins and phosphorylated proteins may be closely related to fibrosis in iERM. CONCLUSION AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Our results indicated the potential biomarkers or therapeutic targets for iERM, provided key kinases that may be involved in iERM. Fibrosis plays an essential role in iERM, and further exploration of related differential proteins has important clinical significance.

4.
J Sep Sci ; 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35522798

RESUMO

In this paper, a direct immersion solid-phase microextraction procedure for the simultaneous analyses of four primary riot control agents: 2-Chloroacetophenone, o-chlorobenzylidene malonitrile, dibenz(b,f)-1,4-Oxazepine, and oleoresin capsicum at µg/L concentration from environmental water was developed. Several parameters that influence the extraction effectiveness were investigated, including fiber type, extraction temperature, extraction time, starring rate, and salinity. Under the recommended conditions, the optimized method had reasonable linearity and accuracy. The average recovery of this method ranged from 84% to 108.1%. The limit of detection for all the analytes ranged from 0.2 to 3 µg/L and the limit of quantification ranged from 1 to 10 µg/L, respectively. A relative standard deviation from 3.0% to 4.3% can be achieved depending on the compounds. The procedure was applied to analyze all the four riot control agents simultaneously in several environmental samples.

5.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 900800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35547170

RESUMO

(R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol is a much valued supplemental compound with a wide range of agricultural and pharmacological characteristics. The aim of this study was to improve (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol production using a whole-cell catalytic formula. In this study, we employed plasmids with varying copy numbers to identify an appropriate strain, strain 03. We demonstrated that low levels of alKL provided maximal biocatalyst stability. Upon determination of the optimal conditions, the (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol yield reached 130 mg/L. For cofactor regeneration, we constructed strain 10, expressing FDH from Candida boidinii, and achieved (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol production of 230 mg/L. As a result, 1.23 g/L (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol was transformed in a 5 L fermenter. Our proposed method facilitates an alternative approach to the economical biosynthesis of (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol.

6.
Eng Life Sci ; 22(5): 407-416, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573132

RESUMO

(R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol is widely used in agricultural and anticarcinogenic fields. Microbial production of (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol was investigated in this study. We optimized biosynthesis of (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol in Escherichia coli by using neryl pyrophosphate synthase and NADPH regeneration. Engineering neryl pyrophosphate (NPP)-supplied pathway resulted in a 4-fold improvement of (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol titer. Subsequently, combined engineering of p-cymene monooxygenase (CymA) expression and module for NADPH regeneration exhibited a 15.4-fold increase of titer over the initial strain S02. Finally, 453 mg/L (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol was achieved in fed-batch fermentation, which is the highest (R)-(+)-perillyl alcohol titer in E. coli.

7.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(7): 2744-2758, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35541906

RESUMO

RNA can be modified by over 170 types of distinct chemical modifications, and the most abundant internal modification of mRNA in eukaryotes is N6-methyladenosine (m6A). The m6A modification accelerates mRNA process, including mRNA splicing, translation, transcript stability, export and decay. m6A RNA modification is installed by methyltransferase-like proteins (writers), and potentially removed by demethylases (erasers), and this process is recognized by m6A-binding proteins (readers). Notably, alterations of m6A-modified proteins (writers, erasers and readers) are involved in the tumorigenesis, progression and metastasis. Importantly, the fate of m6A-methylated mRNA is mediated mostly through m6A readers, and among these readers, insulin-like growth factor 2 mRNA-binding proteins (IGF2BPs) are unique RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) that stabilize their targets mRNA via m6A modification. In this review, we update the writers, erasers and readers, and their cross-talks in m6A modification, and briefly discuss the oncogenic role of IGF2BPs in cancer. Most importantly, we mainly review the up-to-date knowledges of IGF2BPs (IGF2BP1/2/3) as m6A readers in an m6A-modified manner in cancer progression.

8.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 872322, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531288

RESUMO

Global burden of fungal infections and related health risk has accelerated at an incredible pace, and multidrug resistance emergency aggravates the need for the development of new effective strategies. Candida albicans is clinically the most ubiquitous pathogenic fungus that leads to high incidence and mortality in immunocompromised patients. Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), in this context, represent promising alternatives having potential to be exploited for improving human health. In our previous studies, a Cecropin-4-derived peptide named C18 was found to possess a broader antibacterial spectrum after modification and exhibit significant antifungal activity against C. albicans. In this study, C18 shows antifungal activity against C. albicans or non-albicans Candida species with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) at 4∼32 µg/ml, and clinical isolates of fluconazole (FLZ)-resistance C. tropicalis were highly susceptible to C18 with MIC value of 8 or 16 µg/ml. Additionally, C18 is superior to FLZ for killing planktonic C. albicans from inhibitory and killing kinetic curves. Moreover, C18 could attenuate the virulence of C. albicans, which includes damaging the cell structure, retarding hyphae transition, and inhibiting biofilm formation. Intriguingly, in the Galleria mellonella model with C. albicans infection, C18 could improve the survival rate of G. mellonella larvae to 70% and reduce C. albicans load from 5.01 × 107 to 5.62 × 104 CFU. For mechanistic action of C18, the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and cytosolic Ca2 + increased in the presence of C18, which is closely associated with mitochondrial dysfunction. Meanwhile, mitochondrial membrane potential (△Ψm) loss and ATP depletion of C. albicans occurred with the treatment of C18. We hypothesized that C18 might inhibit C. albicans via triggering mitochondrial dysfunction driven by ROS generation and Ca2 + accumulation. Our observation provides a basis for future research to explore the antifungal strategies and presents C18 as an attractive therapeutic candidate to be developed to treat candidiasis.

9.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 21: 15330338221087830, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35532186

RESUMO

Background and aim: Increasing evidence has revealed the valuable diagnostic and prognostic applications of dysregulated microRNAs (miRNAs) in hepatoblastoma (HB), the most common hepatic malignancy during childhood. However, these results are inconsistent and remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to systematically compile up-to-date information regarding the clinical value of miRNAs in HB. Methods: Articles concerning the diagnostic and prognostic value of single miRNAs for HB were searched from databases. The sensitivity (SEN), specificity (SPE), positive and negative likelihood ratios (PLR and NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), area under the curve (AUC), and hazard ratios (HRs) were separately pooled to explore the diagnostic and prognostic performance of miRNA. Subgroup and meta-regression analyses were further carried out only in the event of heterogeneity. Results: In all, 20 studies, involving 264 HB patients and 206 healthy individuals, met the inclusion criteria in the 6 included literature articles. For the diagnostic analysis of miRNAs in HB, the pooled SEN and SPE were 0.76 (95% CI: 0.72-0.80) and 0.75 (95% CI: 0.70-0.80), respectively. Moreover, the pooled PLR was 2.79 (95% CI: 2.12-3.66), NLR was 0.34 (95% CI: 0.26-0.45), DOR was 10.24 (95% CI: 6.55-16.00), and AUC was 0.83, indicating that miRNAs had moderate diagnostic value in HB. For the prognostic analysis of miRNAs in HB, the abnormal expressions of miR-21, miR-34a, miR-34b, miR-34c, miR-492, miR-193, miR-222, and miR-224 in patients were confirmed to be associated with a worse prognosis. The pooled HR was 1.74 (95% CI: 1.20-2.29) for overall survival and 1.74 (95% CI: 1.31-2.18) for event-free survival, suggesting its potential as a prognostic indicator for HB. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis that examines the diagnostic and prognostic role of dysregulated miRNAs in HB patients. The combined meta-analysis results supported the previous individual finds that miRNAs might provide a new, noninvasive method for the diagnostic and prognostic analyses of HB.


Assuntos
Hepatoblastoma , MicroRNAs , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Hepatoblastoma/diagnóstico , Hepatoblastoma/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Prognóstico
10.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 2022 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577662

RESUMO

This prospective study was aimed at assessing the value of nomograms based on conventional and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features in the pre-operative diagnosis of sonographically indeterminate/suspicious lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC). A total of 72 cervical LNs from 47 patients with DTC from January to June 2018 were included in the primary data set, and 30 LNs from 15 patients with DTC from July to August 2018 were included in the external validation data set. The LNs of the included patients were preoperatively evaluated by conventional ultrasound (US) and CEUS. Each included LN was labeled by puncture localization with carbon nanoparticle suspension injection (Canalin) under US guidance and dissected separately to ensure the one-to-one correspondence between ultrasonic features and pathology status. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify risk factors for LNM. A nomogram was used to construct a prediction model for cervical metastatic LNs. Round shape, absence of hilar structure, peripheral or mixed blood flow and centripetal or mass enhancement were risk factors for lymph node metastases. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the nomogram model based on conventional US and CEUS features was 0.93 (95% confidence interval: 0.872-0.985), which was superior to that of the nomogram based on conventional US features(0.85, 95% confidence interval: 0.707-0.989). CEUS features can provide incremental benefit in the diagnosis of LNM among DTC cohorts. Nomograms based on conventional US and CEUS features can predict LN status with high accuracy.

11.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35442564

RESUMO

Here, through single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing, we present a high-quality genome sequence of the Japanese larch (Larix kaempferi), a conifer species with great value for wood production and ecological afforestation. The assembled genome is 10.97 Gb in size, harboring 45,828 protein-coding genes. 66.8% of the genome consists of repeat sequences, of which LTR-RTs are dominant and make up 69.86%. We find that tandem duplications have been responsible for the expansion of genes involved in transcriptional regulation and stress responses, unveiling their crucial roles in adaptive evolution. Population transcriptome analysis reveals that lignin content in L. kaempferi is mainly determined by the process of monolignols polymerization. The expression values of six genes (LkCOMT7, LkCOMT8, LkLAC23, LkLAC102, LkPRX148 and LkPRX166) have significantly positive correlations with lignin content. These results indicated that the increased expression of these six genes might be responsible for the high lignin content of the larches' wood. Overall, this study provides new genome resources for investigating the evolution and biological function of conifer trees, and also offers new insights into wood properties of larches. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

12.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2022 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35403352

RESUMO

Bluetongue virus (BTV), a member of the genus Orbivirus in the family Reoviridae, is transmitted by biting midges and causes severe disease in domestic and wild ruminants. In the present study, a BTV strain, BTV-20/GX015/China/2013 (GX015), was isolated from sentinel cattle in Guangxi, China. Virus neutralization tests and phylogenetic analyses based on genomic segments 2 (S2) and 6 (S6) indicated that GX015 belongs to BTV serotype 20 (BTV-20) and represents a new topotype within BTV-20 strains, which makes GX015 the first BTV-20 strain isolated in China. Genomic analyses suggested that the 10 genomic segments of GX015 originated from a reassortment event, in which S2 and S6 are derived from exotic BTV-20 strains (South Africa or Australia), whereas the remaining eight genomic segments are apparently of Chinese origin and most likely share the same ancestor with a Taiwanese BTV-12 strain. Importantly, we evaluated the infectivity and pathogenicity of the BTV-20 strain in mice lacking the interferon receptor (IFNAR-/- mice, a good animal model for studying the pathogenesis, virulence and transmission of BTVs) and sheep for the first time, and found that GX015 causes severe disease and death in IFNAR-/- mice and clinical signs and viraemia in the natural host sheep. These results improve our understanding of the genetic characteristics, diversity and pathogenicity of BTVs, which is important for developing diagnostic methods and vaccines for the surveillance and prevention of bluetongue disease.

13.
Med Sci Monit ; 28: e934447, 2022 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35365593

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is relatively rare but highly aggressive and it has poor prognosis, especially for metastatic GBC. We aimed to determine the prognostic significance of primary tumor resection on patients with metastatic GBC. MATERIAL AND METHODS The records of patients with GBC with distant metastasis from 2010 to 2015 were extracted from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Kaplan-Meier methods were used to compare overall survival (OS) and carcinoma-specific survival (CSS) between patients receiving primary tumor resection and those without surgery. Cox regression analysis was conducted to identity independent factors significantly associated with survival. In addition, a propensity score-matched analysis was performed to adjust for the heterogeneity between the groups. RESULTS Of the 1337 patients included, 496 patients underwent primary tumor resection and 841 patients did not. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that OS (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.48-0.66, P<0.001) and CSS (HR: 0.57, 95% CI: 0.48-0.66, P<0.001) were significantly improved in patients receiving surgical resection of the primary tumor lesion in the unmatched cohort. Additionally, in the matched cohort, univariate Cox regression analysis similarly indicated that performing surgery at the primary site was associated with better OS (HR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.50-0.77, P<0.001) and CSS (HR: 0.61, 95% CI: 0.50-0.762, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS This study indicated that primary tumor resection might prolong survival in patients with metastatic GBC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Postgrad Med ; : 1-8, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35382681

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Frailty is a prevalent complication predicting morbidity and mortality in cirrhosis. However, the association between thyroid hormone levels and frailty in cirrhotics remains elusive. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between thyroid hormone and frail phenotype in euthyroid patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: A total of 214 adult cirrhotic inpatients were divided into two groups according to Frailty Index. Concentrations of free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were compared. An analysis of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was implemented to determine the best cutoff for frailty. Multiple logistic regression was used to assess the association between FT3 and frailty. RESULTS: ROC analysis indicated that the optimal cutoff to stratify frailty was FT3 < 3.03 pmol/L with an area under the curve of 0.673 (95% CI: 0.582-0.764, p = 0.002), sensitivity of 81.8%, and specificity of 51.9%. Patients with FT3 < 3.03 pmol/L exhibited higher incidence of Child-Pugh class B/C, elevated model for end-stage liver disease score, higher creatinine, lower sodium as well as higher incidence of frailty (23.7 vs 6.0%, p < 0.001). A negative correlation was observed between FT3 values and Frailty Index (r = -0.220, p = 0.001). FT3 remained an independent risk factor for frailty after adjusting for age, Child-Pugh class, creatinine, sodium, and alanine aminotransferase. CONCLUSION: In our current study, FT3 < 3.03 pmol/L were significantly associated with increased risk for frailty. Measuring FT3, a readily available biomarker, may be useful for identifying frail phenotype in euthyroid patients with cirrhosis.

15.
J Clin Lipidol ; 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35398041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence has implicated that high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) as a prognostic surrogate in the context of cirrhosis. However, an exact cutoff has not been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to clarify optimal cutoff of HDL-C for short-term mortality based on time-to-event analysis and validated this association by performing propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. METHOD: A total of 238 patients with decompensated cirrhosis were enrolled. The optimal cutoff of HDL-C was initially determined by X-tile program. Independent risk factors for 180-day mortality were identified by multiple Cox regression. The Kaplan-Meier method was implemented to generate survival curves. A 1:2 ratio PSM was performed to diminish selection bias and potential confounders. RESULTS: The X-tile implied that the difference in survival was most significant for HDL <0.4mmol/L (<16mg/dL). Circulating HDL <0.4mmol/L exhibited an independent risk factor both in the entire cohort and PSM subset (HR 2.696, 95% CI 1.082-6.791, P = 0.033; HR 2.735, 95% CI 1.027-7.734, P = 0.048). Furthermore, HDL-C combined with conventional scoring systems had higher AUCs associated with poor prognosis than Child-Pugh classification or model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) in isolation (0.78 vs 0.66; 0.74 vs 0.54, P < 0.05 for both). CONCLUSION: HDL-C <0.4 mmol/L may serve as a readily available and robust cutoff for stratifying cirrhotic patients at high 180-day mortality risk. The incorporation of HDL-C to Child-Pugh classification or MELD has the potentials to provide substantially clinical relevance without extra economic cost.

16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6786, 2022 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35474315

RESUMO

As an essential parameter in the belief rule base (BRB), referential values refer to evaluation criteria for describing attributes using quantitative data or linguistic terms, the rationality and preciseness of which are important to the modeling accuracy. At present, the studies on referential values of BRB are mainly related to single-valued data. However, due to the inherent uncertainty, ambiguity, and vagueness of expert knowledge, the single-valued references provided by experts cannot represent qualitative information adequately. In this paper, a novel BRB with interval-valued references (BRB-IR) is proposed, in which qualitative knowledge and quantitative data can be integrated to construct models. First, the interval-valued referential values provided by experts are optimized by a nonlinear optimization algorithm to obtain the optimal referential values. Furthermore, other model parameters are optimized by the projection covariance matrix adaptation evolutionary strategy (P-CMA-ES) algorithm. Finally, a case study for pipeline leak detection is constructed to verify the model's effectiveness, and the results show that the proposed BRB-IR is more effective and characterizes expert knowledge better than the classical BRB using single-valued references.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Sistemas Especialistas , Evolução Biológica , Incerteza
17.
ISA Trans ; 2022 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35367055

RESUMO

The specific surface area of cement is an important index for the quality of cement products. But the time-varying delay, non-linearity and data redundancy in the process industry data make it difficult to establish an accurate online monitoring model. To solve the problems, a soft sensor model based on long&short-term memory dual pathways convolutional gated recurrent unit network (L/S-ConvGRU) is proposed for predicting the cement specific surface area. In this paper, first, as the linear coupling constraint inside the gated recurrent unit network (GRU) hinders the flow of information, parameters L and S are introduced into convolutional gated recurrent unit network (ConvGRU). L and S are decimals in the range (0, 1) which changed its internal linear constraint relationship and enhanced the feature extraction capability of the model. Then, two spatio-temporal feature extraction pathways are designed: long-term memory enhancement pathway and short-term dependence pathway, which capture long-term and short-term time-varying delay information from the sample data. Finally, the two feature extraction pathways mentioned above are applied to the L/S-ConvGRU model and the extracted spatio-temporal features are fused to achieve accurate prediction of the specific surface area of cement. The model was trained using raw data from the cement plant and the experimental results show that L/S-ConvGRU has higher precision and better generalization capability.

18.
Transl Pediatr ; 11(1): 10-19, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35242648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) is a developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system in which enteric ganglia are missing along a portion of the intestine. Aberrant expression of several circular RNAs (circRNAs) has been identified in the disease, but the full range of dysregulated circRNAs and their potential roles in its pathogenesis remain unclear. We used microarray profiling to systematically screen for circRNAs that were differentially expressed in HSCR, and we comprehensively analyzed the potential circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network to identify molecular mechanisms involved in the disorder. METHODS: We identified circRNAs that were differentially expressed between diseased tissue and paired normal intestinal tissues from patients with HSCR. The most strongly upregulated circRNAs were then validated by quantitative reverse-transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). We also constructed a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA interaction network to determine functional interactions between miRNAs and mRNAs. RESULTS: We identified 17 circRNAs that were upregulated and 10 that were downregulated in HSCR tissue compared with normal tissues. The five circRNAs that showed the greatest upregulation were verified by RT-PCR: hsa_circRNA_092493, hsa_circRNA_101965, hsa_circRNA_103118, hsa_circRNA_103279, and hsa_circRNA_104214. These five circRNAs were successfully adopted to diagnose HSCR based on receiver operating characteristic curves, and they were used to generate a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. The network revealed a potential function of the circRNAs as molecular sponges targeting miRNAs and mRNAs in HSCR. CONCLUSIONS: This first-ever systematic dissection of the circRNA profile in HSCR may provide useful insights into improving diagnosis and therapy.

19.
J Healthc Eng ; 2022: 8603146, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35265308

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of edaravone combined with anticoagulant therapy on the serum hs-CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α levels and the activity of daily living (ADL) in patients with acute cerebral infarction (ACI). Methods: The clinical data of 84 ACI patients treated in our hospital from August 2020 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, and they were divided into the routine group (n = 42) and the combined group (n = 42) according to the order of admission. Both groups were treated with routine clinical treatment, and the combined group was additionally treated with edaravone combined with anticoagulant therapy. Serum samples were collected from both groups after treatment. ELISA was used to detect the serum inflammatory factor levels, and the modified Barthel index score was used to evaluate the ADL of patients. Results: Compared with the routine group, the combined group achieved obviously lower levels of PMA, CD62p, and serum inflammatory factors after treatment (P < 0.001), higher modified Barthel score after treatment (P < 0.001), lower plasma viscosity, platelet aggregation rate, and plasma fibrinogen level after treatment (P < 0.001), and higher clinical overall efficacy (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Edaravone combined with anticoagulant therapy is a reliable method to enhance ADL and reduce the inflammatory response of ACI patients. This strategy greatly reduces the platelet-activating factor levels of patients and improves the comprehensive clinical efficacy, and its further research will help to establish a better solution for these patients.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Proteína C-Reativa/uso terapêutico , Infarto Cerebral/induzido quimicamente , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Edaravone/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Interleucina-6/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/uso terapêutico
20.
J Adv Nurs ; 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35293033

RESUMO

AIMS: This study aimed to determine the extent to which nurses report assessing evidence-based falls risk factors and implementing targeted prevention for medical and surgical patients in China. DESIGN: This study was a national online survey. METHODS: The respondents were registered nurses working in medical and surgical units in 662 Chinese hospitals. The data concerning the falls risk factor assessments and targeted interventions implemented by nurses were collected online by the Nursing Management Committee of the Chinese Nursing Association in China in 2019. RESULTS: In total, 68 527 valid questionnaires were returned (95.0%). In medical and surgical units, nurses were most likely to report assessing balance, mobility and strength (81.6%) and orthostatic hypotension (76.4%) in falls patients and least likely to report assessing continence (61.3%) and feet and footwear (55.8%). Ensuring the use of appropriate footwear (79.3%) and managing syncope, dizziness and vertigo (73.8%) were the most common multiple interventions, while managing postural hypotension (48.8%) and cognitive impairment (48.4%) was the least common. Nine falls risk factors with clearly matched multifactorial interventions were identified in medical and surgical units (68.2%-97.1%). CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of multifactorial interventions in medical and surgical wards is inconsistent as reported by nurses in medical and surgical wards. Throughout China, nurses are generally concerned about falls risk factors and prevention for their patients; however, limited attention has been focused on continence, feet and footwear assessment and the management of cognitive impairment. Evidence-based falls prevention should be further tailored to the specific risk factors of each patient. IMPACT: Best practice guidelines for falls prevention in hospitals have been developed and published, and it is important for nurses to use these guidelines to guide practice. Our findings identify that in routine care, healthcare providers and hospitals can prevent falls.

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