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1.
Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr ; : 1-22, 2021 Jan 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435726

RESUMO

The antioxidant ability is the link and bridge connecting a variety of biological activities. Citrus flavonoids play an essential role in regulating oxidative stress and are an important source of daily intake of antioxidant supplements. Many studies have shown that citrus flavonoids promote health through antioxidation. In this review, the biosynthesis, composition and distribution of citrus flavonoids were concluded. The detection methods of antioxidant capacity of citrus flavonoids were divided into four categories: chemical, cellular, animal and clinical antioxidant capacity evaluation systems. The modeling methods, applicable scenarios, and their relative merits were compared based on these four systems. The antioxidant functions of citrus flavonoids under different evaluation systems were also discussed, especially the regulation of the Nrf2-antioxidases pathway. Some shortcomings in the current research were pointed out, and some suggestions for progress were put forward.

2.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 2001, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479417

RESUMO

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a complicated maternally inherited disorder lacking of sensitive and specific biomarkers. The objective of this study was to investigate the serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) as a novel biomarker of neurological dysfunction in MELAS. Patients with different status of MELAS were enrolled in this study. The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) was given to the participants to evaluate cognition status. Multiple functional MRI was performed on the participants. Blood samples were collected and the serum NfL concentrations were determined by the single-molecule array technology (Simoa). This study enrolled 23 patients with MELAS, 15 people in the acute attack phase of MELAS and 10 people in the remission phase, including 2 patients in both acute attack and remission phase. Sixteen healthy controls (HCs) were also enrolled. Serum NfL level increased significantly in patients with MELAS. Serum NfL level in the acute attack group (146.73 [120.91-411.31] pg/ml, median [IQR]) was higher than in the remission group (40.31 [19.54-151.05] pg/ml, median [IQR]) and HCs group (7.70 [6.13-9.78] pg/ml, median [IQR]) (p < 0.05). The level of NfL in the remission phase group was higher than in HCs group (p < 0.05). A negative correlation was found between the serum NfL level and MMSE (p = 0.006, r = -0.650). The NfL concentration correlated positively with stroke-like lesion volume in the brain (r = 0.740, p < 0.001). Serum NfL may serve as a novel biomarker for the neurological dysfunction in MELAS patients.

3.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 35(5): e9023, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33314314

RESUMO

RATIONALE: (E)-4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a reactive secondary product of lipid oxidation with biological significance. The analysis of HNE is a challenge due to its volatility and high activity. Developing sample preparation and analytical tools for the determination of free HNE is crucial for better understanding the actual level of free HNE in meat products. METHODS: Liquid nitrogen freezing, subzero-temperature extraction and derivatization were employed for meat sample treatment. Liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization in negative ion mode was used for the determination of free HNE after isotope-coded derivatization. RESULTS: High repeatability and good recoveries with a limit of quantification as low as 0.25 pmol/g were found. Nineteen out of 24 samples, including chilled/processed meat products and meat-based instant foods, were found to contain free HNE with a range of 0.014-1.160 nmol/g. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed method showed satisfactory reliability, sensitivity and accuracy. We believe that such a sample preparation strategy will provide a powerful tool for better understanding the actual level of free HNE in meat products.

4.
J Clin Neurosci ; 81: 259-264, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222926

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Impaired mood and quality of life was common in muscular dystrophies and play an important role in long-term management. Previous studies in dysferlinopathies mainly focused on the genotype-phenotypes correlations. Currently there are very few reports regarding the mental status, life quality and the correlated factors. METHODS: A total of 22 patients with dysferlinopathy was recruited and evaluated by 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and adapted-North Star Ambulatory Assessment (a-NSAA). Chinese version of SF-36, PHQ-9, and GAD-7 scale were used to evaluate the Quality of Life (QoL), depression and anxiety. Statistical analysis was applied to investigate the correlation between clinical variables and life quality or mental status. RESULTS: SF-36 evaluation revealed multiple dimensional impairment in dysferlinopathy patients. Declined score in body pain (78.00 vs. 91.23, p = 0.0129) and mental health (56.00 vs.72.88, p = 0.0493) were of note in female patients. Some patients suffered from depression (23%) and anxiety (23%) with a high score in PHQ-9/GAD-7. The 6MWT was well-correlated with the severity of depression and most scores in QoL except Body Pain and Role emotion. CONCLUSION: The cross-sectional study revealed impaired mental status and life quality in dysferlinopathy, particularly in female patients. The life quality impairment is correlated with the clinical severity.

5.
ISA Trans ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33160617

RESUMO

In this paper, we tackled the robust quantized proximity control problem for spacecraft with uncertain system parameters, external disturbances and safety constraint. As a stepping stone, a nonconvex forbidden zone composed of a cylinder and an ellipsoid is established around the target spacecraft. Then, a novel repulsive potential function is employed to encode the collision-avoidance requirement. Furthermore, an adaptive safety controller is proposed for spacecraft rendezvous and docking by combining the artificial potential function with sliding mode methodology. Within the Lyapunov framework, rigorous stability analysis indicates that the presented controller guarantees the ultimate boundedness of all system signals, whilst providing a real-time safety trajectory for the chaser spacecraft. Finally, simulation results validates the theoretical analysis.

6.
Clin Exp Gastroenterol ; 13: 543-553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192084

RESUMO

Purpose: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a promising new ablation method for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treatment with few side-effects; however, tissue perfusion and differentiation between treatment zones have not been sufficiently studied. In this project, we analyzed HCC tumor perfusion changes immediately after IRE treatment using transcatheter intraarterial perfusion (TRIP)-MRI to monitor treatment zone margins. Materials and Methods: All protocols were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee. A total of 34 rabbits were used for this prospective study: tumor liver group (n=17), normal liver group (n=14), and 3 for growing VX2 tumors. All procedures and imaging were performed under anesthesia. VX2 tumors were grown by injection of VX2 cells into rabbit hindlimbs. Liver tumors were induced by percutaneous US-guided injection of VX2 tumor fragments into liver. For digital subtraction angiography (DSA), a 2F catheter was advanced through left hepatic artery via femoral artery access, followed by contrast injection. All rabbits underwent baseline anatomic MRI, then IRE procedure or IRE probe placement only, and lastly post-procedure anatomic and TRIP-MRI. Liver tissues were dissected immediately after imaging for histology. All statistical analyses were performed on GraphPad Prism, with P<0.05 considered significant. Results: IRE generated central IRE zone and peripheral reversible electroporation (RE) zone on anatomic MRI for both normal liver and liver tumor tissues. The semiquantitative analysis showed that IRE zone had the lowest AUC, PE, WIS, Ktrans, ve , and vp as well as the highest TTP, followed by RE zone, then untreated tissues. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that WIS and AUC60 had the highest AUCROC. Histologic analysis showed a positive correlation in viable area fraction between MRI and histologic measurements. IRE zone had the highest %apoptosis and lowest CD31+ staining. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that intraprocedural TRIP-MRI can effectively differentiate IRE and RE zones after IRE ablation in normal liver and liver tumor tissues.

7.
Chempluschem ; 85(12): 2570-2579, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33119219

RESUMO

Graphdiyne (GDY) has been ideal candidate support for atomic catalysts (ACs) due to its unique conjugated two-dimensional (2D) structure comprising both sp- and sp2 -hybrid carbon atoms. ACs/GDY can display excellent catalytic ability and high selectivity, emerging as a cutting-edge research area in the past few years. Recently, a growing body of work has been done in ACs/GDY, ranging from screening appropriate combinations theoretically, continuous improvement to prepare few-layered GDY to meet the critical challenge in this area, and successfully fabricating ACs/GDY in facile way. This Minireview briefly introduces recent advanced progress in this field, including the synthetic method for both thin GDY film and ACs/GDY, as well as theoretical analysis of different ACs/GDY systems, characterization, and applications. In the end, the challenges and further opportunities of ACs/GDY are summarized and proposed. It is hoped that this article brings new insights into the current study of ACs/GDY and promotes better development in this area.

8.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; : e27353, 2020 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869426

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) is a rare maternally inherited genetic disease; however, little is known about its underlying brain basis. Furthermore, the dynamic functional connectivity (dFC) of brain networks in MELAS has not been explored. PURPOSE: To investigate the abnormalities of dFC in patients with MELAS at the acute and chronic stages, and to determine the possible relations between dynamic connectivity alterations and volumes of stroke-like lesions (SLLs). STUDY TYPE: Prospective. SUBJECTS: Twenty-two MELAS patients at the acute stage, 23 MELAS patients at the chronic stage, and 22 healthy controls. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: Single-shot gradient-recalled echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence at 3T. ASSESSMENT: Dynamic FC states were estimated using the sliding window approach and k-means clustering analyses. Combined with graph theory, the topological properties of the dFC network were also accessed. STATISTICAL TESTS: Permutation test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and false discovery rate correction. RESULTS: We identified four dFC states and found that MELAS patients (especially at the acute stage) spent more time in a state with weaker connectivity (state 1) and less time in states with stronger connectivity. In addition, volumes of acute SLLs were positively correlated with mean dwell time in state 1 (r = 0.539, P < 0.05) and negatively correlated with the number of transitions (r = -0.520, P < 0.05). Furthermore, MELAS patients at the acute stage exhibited significantly increased global efficiency (P < 0.01) and decreased local efficiency (P < 0.001) compared to the controls and the patients at the chronic stage. Patients at the chronic stage only showed significantly (P < 0.001) decreased local efficiency compared to the controls. DATA CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest similar and distinct dFC alterations in MELAS patents at the acute and chronic stages, providing novel insights for understanding the neuropathological mechanisms of MELAS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 2 TECHNICAL EFFICACY STAGE: Stage 2.

9.
Pharmacol Res ; 160: 105193, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911072

RESUMO

Dicoumarol is an oral anticoagulant agent prescribed in clinical for decades. It is a natural hydroxycoumarin discovered from the spoilage of Melilotus officinalis (L.) Pall and is originally discovered as a rodenticide. Due to its structural similarity to that of vitamin K, it significantly inhibits vitamin K epoxide reductase and acts as a vitamin K antagonist. Dicoumarol is mainly used as an anticoagulant to prevent thrombogenesis and to cure vascular thrombosis. Other biological activities besides anticoagulants such as anticancer, antimicrobial, antiviral, etc., have also been documented. The side effects of dicoumarol raise safety concerns for clinical application. In this review, the physicochemical property, the pharmacological activities, the side effects, and the pharmacokinetics of dicoumarol were summarized, aiming to provide a whole picture of the "old" anticoagulant.

11.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of CBCT-MRI fused images for articular disc calcification of temporomandibular joint (TMJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients (24 TMJs) whose image examinations showed dense bodies in the TMJ space were included in the study. The locations of dense bodies evaluated by the three experts were used as a reference standard. Three oral and maxillofacial radiology residents evaluated whether the dense bodies were disc calcification or not, with a five-point scale for four sets of images (CBCT alone, MRI alone, both CBCT and MRI observed at a time, and CBCT-MRI fused images) randomly and independently. Each set of images was observed at least 1 week apart. A second evaluation was performed after 4 weeks. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to assess the intra- and inter-observer agreement. The areas under the ROC curves (AUCs) were compared between the four image sets using Z test. RESULTS: Ten cases were determined as articular disc calcifications, and fourteen cases were recognized as loose bodies in the TMJ spaces. The average AUC index for the CBCT-MRI fused images was 0.95 and significantly higher than the other sets (p < 0.01). The intra- and inter-observer agreement in the CBCT-MRI fused images (0.90-0.91, 0.93) was excellent and higher than those in the other images. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT-MRI fused images can significantly improve the observers' reliability and accuracy in determining articular disc calcification of the TMJ. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The multimodality image fusion is feasible in detecting articular disc calcification of the TMJ which are hard to define by CBCT or MRI alone. It can be utilized especially for inexperienced residents to shorten the learning curve and improve diagnostic accuracy.

12.
J Chem Phys ; 153(2): 024109, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32668948

RESUMO

PySCF is a Python-based general-purpose electronic structure platform that supports first-principles simulations of molecules and solids as well as accelerates the development of new methodology and complex computational workflows. This paper explains the design and philosophy behind PySCF that enables it to meet these twin objectives. With several case studies, we show how users can easily implement their own methods using PySCF as a development environment. We then summarize the capabilities of PySCF for molecular and solid-state simulations. Finally, we describe the growing ecosystem of projects that use PySCF across the domains of quantum chemistry, materials science, machine learning, and quantum information science.

13.
Mitochondrion ; 54: 49-56, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32679169

RESUMO

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) may cause whole-brain functional changes due to mitochondrial dysfunction. Our purpose is to comprehensively evaluate the alterations of spontaneous brain activity in MELAS patients at stroke-like episodes (SLE) attack and remission stages using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Forty MELAS patients at attack stage (n = 20) and remission stage (n = 20) and 22 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. We suggested that MELAS patients presented decreased spontaneous brain activities beyond the areas of stroke-like lesions (SLLs), with a downward trend from SLE attack stage to remission stage. In addition, the regional spontaneous activity of SLL, an inherent change in MELAS, was less than that in unaffected areas. Furthermore, the fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuations value in left precuneus may be used as a promising neuroimaging biomarker for monitoring the disease status of MELAS.

14.
Am J Transl Res ; 12(5): 2201-2211, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32509212

RESUMO

There is a lack of a well-established approach for assessment of early treatment outcomes for modern therapies for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) e.g. dinaciclib or dendritic cell (DC) vaccination. Here, we developed multivariate models using MRI texture features to detect treatment effects following dinaciclib drug or DC vaccine therapy in a transgenic mouse model of PDAC including 21 LSL-KrasG12D ; LSL-Trp53R172H ; Pdx-1-Cre (KPC) mice used as untreated control subjects (n=8) or treated with dinaciclib (n=7) or DC vaccine (n=6). Support vector machines (SVM) technique was performed to build a linear classifier with three variables for detection of tumor tissue changes following drug or vaccine treatments. Besides, multivariate regression models were generated with five variables to predict survival behavior and histopathological tumor markers (Fibrosis, CK19, and Ki67). The diagnostic performance was evaluated using accuracy, area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) and decision curve analyses. The regression models were evaluated with adjusted r-squared (Radj 2). SVM classifier successfully distinguished changes in tumor tissue with an accuracy of 95.24% and AUC of 0.93. The multivariate models generated with five variables were strongly associated with histopathological tumor markers, fibrosis (Radj 2=0.82, P<0.001), CK19 (Radj 2=0.92, P<0.001) and Ki67 (Radj 2=0.97, P<0.001). Furthermore, the multivariate regression model successfully predicted survival of KPC mice by interpreting tumor characteristics from MRI data (Radj 2=0.91, P<0.001). The results demonstrated that MRI texture features had great potential to generate diagnosis and prognosis models for monitoring early treatment response following dinaciclib drug or DC vaccine treatment and also predicting histopathological tumor markers and long-term clinical outcomes.

15.
Poult Sci ; 99(6): 3280-3285, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475463

RESUMO

Defeathering with rosin results in rosin residue in duck skin, which may present as potential risk to human health. Dehydroabietic acid (DHAA) is a major component of rosin. An indirect competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for determination of DHAA in duck skin. A set of parameters was optimized, including coating antigen concentration, dilution of antiserum, dilution of HRP-IgG antibody, incubation time, and temperature for antigen reaction with antiserum. The indirect competitive ELISA yielded an excellent specificity against DHAA with low cross-reactivity toward other resin acids. The limit of detection and the working concentration range of DHAA in duck skin were 16.4 ng/g and from 40 to 8,060 ng/g, respectively. The indirect competitive ELISA was applied to the determination of DHAA in duck skin samples spiked with DHAA at different contents, and recoveries were found between 78.2 and 97.2%. Finally, DHAA contents in 32 duck samples were quantified by the indirect competitive ELISA and high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detector (HPLC-FLD) method. No significant difference was found between DHAA concentrations from indirect competitive ELISA and HPLC-FLD method for all samples, which indicated the indirect competitive ELISA established in this article was of the same accuracy as the HPLC-FLD method. The indirect competitive ELISA was simple, rapid, and reliable, which could be used to identify the duck carcasses defeathered with rosin in the market.

16.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(4): 394-404, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies, with a high incidence and poor prognosis worldwide. Recently, accumulating evidence has illustrated that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play pivotal roles in many cancers. It has been reported that LINC00511 contributes to tumorigenesis in various diseases. However, the role of LINC00511 in GC cell growth remains mostly unknown. AIM: To determine whether the lncRNA LINC00511 exerted its carcinogenic function in GC via the miR-124-3p/PDK4 axis. METHODS: Cell culture and transfection, RNA extraction and quantitative real-time PCR, CCK-8 assay, Colony formation assay, Luciferase reporter assay, RIP assay, RNA pull-down assay, and Western blot analysis were used to show expression and mechanisms of LINC00511 in GC progression and apoptosis. Rescue assays were performed to verify the relationships among LINC00511, miR-124-3p and PDK4 further. RESULTS: The expression of LINC00511 was remarkably upregulated in GC cells compared to that in corresponding normal cell lines. Compared to the controls, cell proliferation was inhibited, and cell apoptosis was increased upon LINC00511 knockdown, demonstrating that LINC00511 influenced GC cell growth. An exploration of the molecular mechanism revealed that LINC00511 functioned as a molecular sponge of miR-124-3p and that PDK4 was a downstream target of miR-124-3p in GC. Rescue assays showed that the overexpression of PDK4 could partly restore the inhibitory function of si-LINC00511 in GC. CONCLUSION: These data demonstrate that LINC00511 promotes gastric cancer cell growth by acting as a ceRNA to regulate the miR-124-3p/PDK4 axis, which may be a promising therapeutic target for GC.

17.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5883, 2020 04 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246038

RESUMO

Most diseases might be associated with acute or chronic inflammation, and the role of vitamin D in diseases has been extensively explored in recent years. Thus, we examined the associations of one of the best markers for inflammation - C-reactive protein (CRP) with 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in 24 specific diseases. We performed cross-sectional analyses among 9,809 subjects aged ≥18 years who participated in the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in 2007~2010. The generalized additive model (GAM) was used to explore the associations of CRP with 25(OH)D in different diseases, adjusted for the age, gender, examination period and race. Distributions of CRP were significantly different (P < 0.05) in gender, examination period and race, and distributions of 25(OH)D were different (P < 0.05) in the examination period and race. Generally, CRP was negatively associated with 25(OH)D for majority diseases. 25(OH)D was negatively associated with CRP generally, and the associations were disease-specific and disease category-specific. In respiratory, gastrointestinal and mental diseases, the associations tended to be approximately linear. While in metabolic diseases, the associations were nonlinear, and the slope of the nonlinear curve decreased with 25(OH)D, especially when 25(OH)D < 30 µg/L.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Vitamina D/análogos & derivados , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/sangue , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/sangue , Gastroenteropatias/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/sangue , Doenças Metabólicas/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Doenças Respiratórias/sangue , Doenças Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Fatores Sexuais , Vitamina D/sangue
18.
Poult Sci ; 99(3): 1761-1767, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111336

RESUMO

The aim of the current research was to examine lipid oxidation in chicken meat heated to different temperatures followed by refrigerator storage and the factors contributing to lipid oxidation. It showed that lipid oxidation was significantly promoted when meat was heated up to 70°C and stored for 2 and 4 D as measured by thiobarbituric acid reactive substance. The monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids also decreased significantly (P < 0.05) with the increase of heating temperature. The liberation of nonheme iron and increase of hydroxyl radical were observed in heated chicken meat, and the activities of antioxidant enzymes was decreased considerably at higher temperatures. The changes of these prooxidants and antioxidants might constitute a possible mechanism for the stronger lipid oxidation in heated meat.


Assuntos
Culinária , Lipídeos/química , Carne/análise , Oxirredução , Animais , Antioxidantes , Galinhas , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos , Ferro/química , Oxidantes , Refrigeração , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/análise
19.
Acad Radiol ; 27(12): 1727-1733, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32033861

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether transcatheter intraarterial perfusion (TRIP) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can differentiate reversible electroporation (RE) zones from irreversible electroporation (IRE) zones immediately after IRE procedure in the rabbit liver. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All studies were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee and performed in accordance with institutional guidelines. A total of 13 healthy New Zealand White rabbits were used. After selective catheterization of the hepatic artery under X-ray fluoroscopy, we acquired TRIP-MRI at 20 minutes post-IRE using 3 mL of 5% intraarterial gadopentetate dimeglumine. Semi-quantitative (peak enhancement, PE; time to peak, TTP; wash-in slope, WIS; areas under the time-intensity curve, AUT, over 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, and 180 seconds after the initiation of enhancement) and quantitative (Ktrans, ve, and vp) TRIP-MRI parameters were calculated. The relationships between TRIP-MRI parameters and histological measurements and the differential ability of TRIP-MRI parameters was assessed. RESULTS: PE, AUT60, AUT90, AUT120, AUT150, AUT180, Ktrans, and ve were significantly higher in RE zones than in IRE zones (all P < 0.05), and AUC for these parameters ranged from 0.91(95% CI, 0.80, 1.00) to 0.99 (95% CI, 0.98, 1.00). There was no significant difference in AUC between any two parameters (Z, 0-1.47; P, 0.14-1.00). Hepatocyte apoptosis strongly correlated with PE, AUT60, AUT90, AUT120, AUT150, AUT180, Ktrans, and vp (the absolute value r, 0.6-0.7, all P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: AUT150 or AUT180 could be a potential imaging biomarker to differentiate RE from IRE zones, and TRIP-MRI permits to differentiate RE from IRE zones immediately after IRE procedure in the rabbit liver.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Animais , Gadolínio DTPA , Artéria Hepática/diagnóstico por imagem , Coelhos
20.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 61, 2020 02 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a lack of well-established clinical tools for predicting dendritic cell (DC) vaccination response of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). DC vaccine treatment efficiency was demonstrated using histological analysis in pre-clinical studies; however, its usage was limited due to invasiveness. In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential of MRI texture features for detection of early immunotherapeutic response as well as overall survival (OS) of PDAC subjects following dendritic cell (DC) vaccine treatment in LSL-KrasG12D;LSL-Trp53R172H;Pdx-1-Cre (KPC) transgenic mouse model of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: KPC mice were treated with DC vaccines, and tumor growth was dynamically monitored. A total of a hundred and fifty-two image features of T2-weighted MRI images were analyzed using a kernel-based support vector machine model to detect treatment effects following the first and third weeks of the treatment. Moreover, univariate analysis was performed to describe the association between MRI texture and survival of KPC mice as well as histological tumor biomarkers. RESULTS: OS for mice in the treatment group was 54.8 ± 22.54 days while the control group had 35.39 ± 17.17 days. A subset of three MRI features distinguished treatment effects starting from the first week with increasing accuracy throughout the treatment (75% to 94%). Besides, we observed that short-run emphasis of approximate wavelet coefficients had a positive correlation with the survival of the KPC mice (r = 0.78, p < 0.001). Additionally, tissue-specific MRI texture features showed positive association with fibrosis percentage (r = 0.84, p < 0.002), CK19 positive percentage (r = - 0.97, p < 0.001), and Ki67 positive cells (r = 0.81, p < 0.02) as histological disease biomarkers. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that MRI texture features can be used as imaging biomarkers for early detection of therapeutic response following DC vaccination in the KPC mouse model of PDAC. Besides, MRI texture can be utilized to characterize tumor microenvironment reflected with histology analysis.

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