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1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130651, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392117

RESUMO

Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and BSA-glucose conjugates (GBSAⅠ and GBSAⅠI) with different extent of glycation were complexed with curcumin (CUR). The formation mechanism of BSA/GBSA-CUR complexes and the effect of glycation on their physicochemical properties were investigated. Fluorescence quenching and FTIR analysis indicated that the BSA/GBSA-CUR nanocomplexes were formed mainly by hydrophobic interactions. XRD analysis demonstrated that CUR was present in an amorphous state in the nanocomplexes. BSA with a greater extent of glycation (BSA < GBSAⅠ

Assuntos
Curcumina , Glicosilação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Soroalbumina Bovina
2.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3159-3166, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658201

RESUMO

We analyzed soil water, nutrients, and yields in three different slope sites in the sloping farmland under Yuluxiang pear planted in the loess hilly region of Western Shanxi, across the growth periods and different soil depths. The results showed that: 1) The yield of pear was in the order of high slope site > middle slope site > low slope site. In high slope site, the yield was significantly correlated with soil water content (SWC), soil organic matter (SOM), available potassium (AK), with AK showing the most significant effect. The yield of pear in middle and low slope sites was significantly correlated with SWC, SOM, and total nitrogen (TN), with SWC having the most significant effect on yield. The contents of SWC, SOM, available phosphorus (AP) and TN in high slope site were higher than in middle and low slope sites, while AK was the highest in middle slope site. 2) Among different soil depths, soil nutrient contents were the highest within 0-20 cm soil layer, but the lowest within 20-40 cm soil layer. The SWC was significantly lower within 0-20 cm than the other soil layers and was the highest within 20-40 cm soil layer. 3) Among different growth periods, the contents of SOM, AP, and TN were the highest in flowering period, the SWC was the highest in fruiting period, and AK content was the highest in maturing period. It was suggested that in the future management of pear water and fertilizer in the region, more K fertilizer should be applied in the high slope sites in the flowering period, while N and P compound fertilizer should be applied in the fruiting period, to enhance irrigation in middle and low slope sites to decrease the limitation of water with 300 m3·hm-2. Our results could provide theoretical support and data refe-rence for planting precision irrigation and scientific fertilization of pear planted in loess hilly areas.


Assuntos
Pyrus , Solo , Nutrientes , Fósforo , Água
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3177-3184, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658203

RESUMO

Ecological security is an important guarantee for the sustainable development of regional economy and society. We analyzed the change characteristics of fraction vegetation coverage (FVC) and remote sensing ecological index (RSEI) of four irrigated agriculture regions of the Loess Plateau (Yinchuan Plain, Hetao Plain, Fenhe River Valley and Weihe River Plain) based on the remote sensing data from 2000 to 2018. The results showed that the FVC decreased in the study area from 2000 to 2018. The variation trend of FVC differed among the four irrigated agricultural distribution areas. The RSEI of the whole area showed an overall downward trend, the RSEI of Yinchuan Plain (down 0.06) and Weihe River Plain (down 0.07) decreased significantly, and the RSEI of Hetao Plain remained stable. The RSEI of Fenhe River Valley showed an increased trend. The ecological stability of Yinchuan Plain and Fenhe River Valley was relatively low, the ecological environment of Hetao Plain was relatively stable, and the ecological environment of Weihe River Plain continued to degrade. The results were important for regional ecological environment protection and agricultural sustainable development.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Agricultura , Rios , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
4.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4582-4592, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581100

RESUMO

Topography not only has an effect on the spatial distribution of pollutants by restricting populations and industrial activities, but also affects the formation, transmission, accumulation, diffusion, and sedimentation of PM2.5. Topography is, therefore, an essential variable for understanding the spatial distribution of PM2.5, especially in basin areas. Based on gridded data and both natural and human indexes, this paper examines orographic effects on the distribution of PM2.5 on the Fen-Wei Plain based on the change point method, regression, the geographical detector method, and bivariate spatial autocorrelation. The results indicate that:① The relief amplitude of the plain is generally lower in its central part than at its edge, which is similar to the attitudinal distribution in this region; ② The distribution of PM2.5 is negatively related to relief amplitude, with high concentrations in central area and lower concentrations at the edge; ③ Based on the geographical detector analysis, PM2.5 patterns in this region are shaped by human factors including population, gross domestic product(GDP), and energy consumption, as well as natural factors including meteorological conditions and vegetation; and ④ Topography has a significant effect on both human and natural factors; an increase of relief amplitude is associated with a decrease in population, GDP, and energy consumption based on power function. Accordingly, temperature goes down linearly; precipitation, relative moisture, and wind speed increase linearly; and the vegetation index increases based on a logarithmic function.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise , Análise Espacial , Vento
5.
Water Environ Res ; 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486191

RESUMO

The present study sought to determine the systematic pollution status of the heavy metals (HMs) found in the sediment around Taihu Lake, China. The concentrations and speciations of the HMs in the sediment were measured. The Ni and Cr concentrations exceeded the probable effect level (PEL), while the concentrations of the other HMs (except Hg) were between the threshold effect level and the PEL. The enrichment factor values for all HMs indicated slight enrichment. The geoaccumulation index revealed that the HMs represented light pollution, while the average contaminant factor value of the HMs indicated moderate pollution. The ecological risk factor value indicated a medium ecological risk, with Cd and Hg being associated with a high and considerable potential ecological risk, respectively. The ecological risk index indicated that the ecological risk posed by the HMs was high. The contamination degree revealed a moderate level of metal pollution, while the pollution load index indicated a heavy pollution level. The extractable proportion of the HMs (except for Cr and As) exceeded 50%. In the case of Cd, the exchangeable proportion was 51.11%, which indicated it to be extremely unstable. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Heavy metals (except for Cr and As) have a high potential ecological risk. All selected heavy metals implying varying degrees of instability. Cd was the most serious pollutant based on the Igeo, Cf and EF analyses.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(20): 9851-9862, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523794

RESUMO

Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone, which is closely associated with the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and has potential preventive and therapeutic significance. In the present study, we explored the relationship between adiponectin and circadian rhythm disorder in AD, the effect of adiponectin on the abnormal expression of Bmal1 mRNA/protein induced by amyloid-ß protein 31-35 (Aß31-35), and the underlying mechanism of action. We found that adiponectin-knockout mice exhibited amyloid-ß deposition, circadian rhythm disorders and abnormal expression of Bmal1. Adiponectin ameliorated the abnormal expression of the Bmal1 mRNA/protein caused by Aß31-35 by inhibiting the activity of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß). These results suggest that adiponectin deficiency could induce circadian rhythm disorders and abnormal expression of the Bmal1 mRNA/protein, whilst exogenous administration of adiponectin may improve Aß31-35-induced abnormal expression of Bmal1 by inhibiting the activity of GSK3ß, thus providing a novel idea for the treatment of AD.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 421: 126815, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396966

RESUMO

Di (2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a widely used plasticizer. Maternal DEHP exposure inhibits cell proliferation and reduces placentas size, which associates with fetal growth restriction and adulthood diseases. However, the mechanism of placental cell proliferation inhibition by DEHP remains elusive. This study investigated the effect of DEHP on placental cell proliferation from cell cycle arrest. Utilizing in vitro and in vivo experiments, we investigated cell cycle arrest, DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair, genotoxic stress response, and micronuclei formation. Most DEHP metabolizes to mono (2-Ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) and distributes to organs quickly, so MEHP and DEHP were used in cultured cell and animal experiments, respectively. Here, a double blocking mode for the proliferation inhibition of the placental cell was revealed. One is that the classical DSB repair pathways were suppressed, which arrested the cell cycle at the G2/M phase. The other is that DEHP stimulated an elevated level of progesterone, which blocked the cell cycle at metaphase by disrupting chromosome arrangement. These two sets of events facilitated micronuclei formation and resulted in cell proliferation inhibition. This findings provide a novel mechanistic understanding for DEHP to inhibit placental cell proliferation.

8.
J Dev Orig Health Dis ; : 1-9, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420534

RESUMO

Birthweight has been consistently related to risk of cardiometabolic disorders in later life. Twins are at higher risk of low birthweight than singletons, so understanding the links between birthweight and cardiometabolic health may be particularly important for twins. However, evidence for the association of birthweight with childhood markers of cardiometabolic health in twins is currently lacking. Previous studies have often failed to appropriately adjust for gestational age or fully implement twin regression models. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of birthweight-for-gestational-age z-scores with childhood cardiometabolic health in twins, using within-between regression models. The Peri/Postnatal Epigenetic Twins Study is a Melbourne-based prospective cohort study of 250 twin pairs. Birthweight was recorded at delivery, and childhood anthropometric measures were taken at 18-month and 6-year follow-up visits. Associations of birthweight with markers of cardiometabolic health were assessed at the individual, between- and within-pair level using linear regression with generalised estimating equations. Birthweight-for-gestational-age z-scores were associated with height, weight and BMI at 18 months and 6 years, but not with blood pressure (twins-as-individual SBP: ß = 0.15, 95% CI: -0.81, 1.11; twins-as-individual DBP: ß = 0.22, 95% CI: -0.34, 0.77). We found little evidence to indicate that the within-between models improved on the twins-as-individuals models. Birthweight was associated with childhood anthropometric measures, but not blood pressure, after appropriately adjusting for gestational age. These associations were consistent across the within-between and twins-as-individuals models. After adjusting for gestational age, results from the twins-as-individuals models are consistent with singleton studies, so these results can be applied to the general population.

9.
Eur J Neurosci ; 54(4): 5586-5600, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34258805

RESUMO

Protecting the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a potential strategy to treat cerebral ischaemic injury. We previously reported that hypertonic sodium chloride hydroxyethyl starch 40 (HSH) treatment alleviates brain injury induced by transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). However, other fluids, including 20% mannitol (MN), 3% hypertonic sodium chloride (HTS) and hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 solution (HES), have the same effect as HSH in cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion injury (CI/RI) remains unclear. The present study evaluated the protective effects of these four fluids on the BBB in tMCAO rats. Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly assigned to six groups. A CI/RI rat model was established by tMCAO for 120 min followed by 24 h of reperfusion. The sham and tMCAO groups were treated with normal saline (NS), whereas the other four groups were treated with the four fluids. After 24 h of reperfusion, neurological function, brain oedema, brain infarction volume, permeability of the BBB, cortical neuron loss and protein and mRNA expression were assessed. The four fluids (especially HSH) alleviated neurological deficits and decreased the infarction volume, brain oedema, BBB permeability and cortical neuron loss induced by tMCAO. The expression levels of GFAP, IL-1ß, TNF-α, MMP-9, MMP-3, AQP4, MMP-9, PDGFR-ß and RGS5 were decreased, whereas the expression levels of laminin and claudin-5 were increased. These data suggested that small-volume reperfusion using HSH, HES, MN and HTS ameliorated CI/RI, probably by attenuating BBB disruption and postischaemic inflammation, with HSH exerting the strongest neuroprotective effect.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Barreira Hematoencefálica , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Eur Radiol ; 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility of single-direction diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for assessing the fetal corpus callosum (CC). METHODS: This prospective study included 67 fetuses with normal CC and 35 fetuses suspected with agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC). The MR protocols included HASTE, TrueFISP, and single-direction DWI. Two radiologists independently evaluated the optimal visibility and the contrast ratio (CR) of the normal fetal CC. The Chi-squared test or Fisher's exact test was used to compare the proportions of "good" visibility (score ≥ 3, and the CC was almost/entirely visible) between single-direction DWI and HASTE/TrueFISP. The CR difference between single-direction DWI and HASTE/TrueFISP was detected using the paired t-test. The diagnostic accuracies were determined by comparison with postnatal imaging. In fetuses suspected of ACC, we measured and compared the length and area of the mid-sagittal CC in the single-direction DWI images. RESULTS: The proportion of "good" visibility in single-direction DWI was higher than that in HASTE/TrueFISP, with p < 0.0001. The mean CR from single-direction DWI was also higher than that of TrueFISP and HASTE (both with p < 0.0001). The diagnostic accuracy of the single-direction DWI combined with HASTE/TrueFisp (97.1%, 34/35) was higher than that of the Haste/TrueFISP (74.3%, 26/35) (p = 0.013). The length and area of the PACC (p < 0.001, p = 0.001, respectively) and HCC (p < 0.001, p = 0.018, respectively) groups were significantly lower than those of the normal group. CONCLUSIONS: The single-direction DWI is feasible in displaying fetal CC and can be a complementary sequence in diagnosing ACC. KEY POINTS: • We suggest a simple method for the display of the fetal CC. • The optimal visibility and contrast ratio from single-direction DWI were higher than those from HASTE and TrueFISP. • The diagnostic accuracy of the single-direction DWI combined with HASTE/TrueFISP sequences (97.1%, 34/35) was higher than that of the Haste/TrueFISP (74.3%, 26/35).

11.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1402, 2021 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The home environment is the most important location in young children's lives, yet few studies have examined the relationship between the outdoor home environment and child physical activity levels, and even fewer have used objectively measured exposures and outcomes. This study examined relationships between objectively assessed home yard size and greenness, and child physical activity and outdoor play. METHODS: Data were drawn from the HealthNuts study, a longitudinal study of 5276 children in Melbourne, Australia. We used cross-sectional data from a sample at Wave 3 (2013-2016) when participants were aged 6 years (n = 1648). A sub-sample of 391 children had valid accelerometer data collected from Tri-axial GENEActive accelerometers worn on their non-dominant wrist for 8 consecutive days. Yard area and greenness were calculated using geographic information systems. Objective outcome measures were minutes/day in sedentary, light, and moderate-vigorous physical activity (weekday and weekend separately). Parent-reported outcome measures were minutes/day playing outdoors (weekend and weekday combined). Multi-level regression models (adjusted for child's sex, mother's age at the birth of child, neighbourhood socioeconomic index, maternal education, and maternal ethnicity) estimated effects of yard size and greenness on physical activity. RESULTS: Data were available on outdoor play for 1648 children and usable accelerometer data for 391. Associations between yard size/greenness and components of physical activity were minimal. For example, during weekdays, yard size was not associated with daily minutes in sedentary behaviour (ß: 2.4, 95% CI: - 6.2, 11.0), light physical activity (ß: 1.4, 95% CI: - 5.7, 8.5) or MVPA (ß: -2.4, 95% CI: - 6.5, 1.7), with similar patterns at weekends. There was no relationship between median annual yard greenness and physical activity or play. CONCLUSION: In our study of young children residing in higher socio-economic areas of Melbourne yard characteristics did not appear to have a major impact on children's physical activity. Larger studies with greater variation in yard characteristics and identification of activity location are needed to better understand the importance of home outdoor spaces and guide sustainable city planning.


Assuntos
Acelerometria , Exercício Físico , Austrália/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(17): 8464-8478, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34322993

RESUMO

Cardiomyocytes autophagy is essential for maintaining cardiac function. Our previous studies have found that ß1 -adrenergic receptor autoantibody (ß1 -AA) induced the decreased myocardial autophagic flux, which resulted in cardiomyocyte death and cardiac dysfunction. And other studies demonstrated that ß1 -AA induced the decrease of AMPK phosphorylation, the key hub of autophagy pathway, while adiponectin up-regulated autophagic flux mediated by AMPK. However, it is not clear whether adiponectin improves the inhibition of myocardial autophagic flux induced by ß1 -AA by up-regulating the level of AMPK phosphorylation. In this study, it has been confirmed that ß1 -AA induced the decrease of AMPK phosphorylation level in both vivo and vitro. Moreover, pretreatment of cardiomyocytes with AMPK inhibitor Compound C could further reduce the autophagic flux induced by ß1 -AA. Adiponectin deficiency could aggravate the decrease of myocardial AMPK phosphorylation level, autophagic flux and cardiac function induced by ß1 -AA. Further, exogenous adiponectin could reverse the decline of AMPK phosphorylation level and autophagic flux induced by ß1 -AA and even reduce cardiomyocyte death. While pretreated with the Compound C, the adiponectin treatment did not improve the decreased autophagosome formation, but still improved the decreased autophagosome clearance induced by ß1 -AA in cardiomyocytes. This study is the first time to confirm that ß1 -AA could inhibit myocardial autophagic flux by down-regulating AMPK phosphorylation level. Adiponectin could improve the inhibition of myocardial autophagic flux induced by ß1 -AA partly dependent on AMPK, so as to provide an experimental basis for the treatment of patients with ß1 -AA-positive cardiac dysfunction.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34255620

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, aerobic, chemo-organotrophic, rod-shaped, non-spore-forming strain, which produced convex, circular, pink-pigmented colonies, designated as DY32-46T, was isolated from seawater collected from the Pacific Ocean. DY32-46T was found to grow at 20-40 °C (optimum, 30-35 °C), pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, pH 6.5) and with 0-5 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1-2 %). The results of chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the respiratory quinone of DY32-46T was MK-9(H4), and major fatty acids (>10 %) were C17 : 1 ω8c, summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω6c), C16 : 0 and C15 : 1 ω6c. The polar lipids included diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, three unidentified glycolipids, three unidentified phospholipids, one unidentified phosphoglycolipid and five unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of DY32-46T was 70.6 mol%. The results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences and genomic data indicated that DY32-46T should be assigned to the genus Euzebya. ANI and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain DY32-46T and type strains of Euzebya species were 73.1-87.2 % and 20.2-32.4 %, respectively. Different phenotypic properties, together with genetic distinctiveness, demonstrated that strain DY32-46T was clearly distinct from recognized species of the genus Euzebya. Therefore, DY32-46T represents a novel species within the genus Euzebya, for which the name Euzebya pacifica sp. nov is proposed. The type strain is DY32-46T (=MCCC 1K03476T=KCTC 49091T).


Assuntos
Actinobacteria/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Actinobacteria/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Glicolipídeos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Oceano Pacífico , Fosfolipídeos/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química
14.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(7)2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A major current challenge is to exploit tertiary lymphoid structures (TLSs) to promote the lymphocyte infiltration, activation and differentiation by tumor antigens to increase antitumor immune responses. The mechanisms that underlie the role of TLS formation in the adaptive immune responses against nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain largely unknown. METHODS: Cell populations and the corresponding markers were identified by single-cell RNA sequencing and fluorescence-activated cell sorting analysis. In vitro differentiation experiments were used to simulate the generation, regulation and function of the Th-CXCL13 cell subset in the tumor microenvironment of NPC. These were followed by histological evaluation of the colocalization of tumor-associated B cells (TABs) and Th-CXCL13 cells within TLSs, and statistical analysis of the relationship between the cells in TLSs and overall survival. RESULTS: A PD-1+CXCR5-CD4+ Th-CXCL13 cell subset was identified in NPC. This subset was a major source of CXCL13, representing the majority of the CD4+ T cells at levels comparable with Th1 and Tfh cells present in the TLSs. Monocytes activated by toll-like receptor 4 agonists served as the antigen-presenting cells that most efficiently triggered the expansion of Th-CXCL13 cells. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-ß1) stimulation and activation of Sox4 were critical for the induction and polarization of Th-CXCL13 cells in this process. The potential functional contributions of TABs recruited by Th-CXCL13 cells which induced plasma cell differentiation and immunoglobulin production via interleukin-21 and CD84 interactions in the TLSs demonstrated improved survival. CONCLUSIONS: Induction of Th-CXCL13 cells links innate inflammation to immune privilege in tumor-associated TLSs and might predict better survival.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34241591

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, strictly aerobic bacterial strain (Y6T) was isolated from a sewage sludge sample collected from a fisheries processing factory in Zhoushan, Zhejiang Province, PR China. The growth range of NaCl concentration was 0-6.0 % (w/v), with an optimum at 3.0 % (w/v). The temperature range for growth was 10-42 °C, with an optimum at 37 °C. The pH range for growth was pH 7.0-10.0, with an optimum at pH 9.0. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain Y6T belonged to the genus Nocardioides and showed the highest sequence similarity of 97.8 % to Nocardioides jishulii dk3136T. The average nucleotide identity and in silico DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain Y6T and the reference strains were 76.9-81.2 % and 20.6-23.6 %, respectively. Chemotaxonomic analysis indicated that the sole respiratory quinone was MK-8(H4) and the predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, 10-methyl-C17 : 0 and C18 : 1 ω9c. The polar lipid profile was composed of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, four unidentified phospholipids, three unidentified aminolipids and five unidentified lipids. The peptidoglycan was ll-2,6-diaminopimelic acid. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic, phylogenetic and chemotaxonomic features, strain Y6T is considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Nocardioides malaquae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Y6T (=KCTC 49504T=MCCC 1K04765T).


Assuntos
Pesqueiros , Nocardioides/classificação , Filogenia , Esgotos/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácido Diaminopimélico/química , Ácidos Graxos/química , Nocardioides/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Peptidoglicano/química , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA
16.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 185: 1005-1014, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34217745

RESUMO

The effects of various physical state lipids (rapeseed oil (RO), shortening (ST), beeswax (BW)), on the physicochemical properties of starch (S) (hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (HP), oxidized hydroxypropyl starch (OS))/gelatin (G) blown films were studied. S/G-lipid blends showed decreased storage modulus and complex viscosity. The formation of hydrogen bonds was inhibited by the ST and BW, but facilitated by the RO. Compared with BW and ST, RO was more effective to promote the melted and fractured of starch. Lipids addition promoted the compatibility of starch and gelatin. The presence of the lipids significantly improved the surface hydrophobicity, mechanical, water vapor barrier and water resistance properties of S/G films. S/G-RO films exhibited the strongest surface hydrophobicity and tensile strength, while HP/G-BW film showed the strongest water resistance and water vapor barrier properties. These results revealed that the appropriate lipids could be used to produce S/G-lipid films with desirable physicochemical properties.


Assuntos
Gelatina/química , Lipídeos/química , Amido/química , Filmes Comestíveis , Módulo de Elasticidade , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Permeabilidade , Resistência à Tração , Viscosidade
17.
Arch Microbiol ; 203(8): 5133-5139, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319420

RESUMO

A Marinomonas-like, Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and rod to ovoid-shaped bacterium, designated as strain A79T, was isolated from the seawater mixtures of oyster shells and brown algae in a coastal intertidal zone of Zhoushan, China. The strain was positive for oxidase and catalase. Colonies grown on marine agar for 48 h were round, milky white, smooth and moist with the diameter of 2-3 mm. Growth was observed at 15-30 °C (optimum, 25℃), pH 5.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 8.5) and with 0.5-8% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 2-2.5%). The G + C content based on the genome sequence was 46.0%. The only respiratory quinone was Q-8. The main polar lipids contained phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified glycolipids, unidentified phospholipid and three unidentified lipids. The major fatty acids (> 10%) were C16:0, Summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c) and summed feature 8 (comprising C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between strain A79T and Marinomonas pollencensis IVIA-Po-185T was 97.4%, the similarities with other type strains of the genus Marinomonas were 93.8-96.7%. Based on the results, Marinomonas vulgaris sp. nov. was proposed as a novel species. The type strain is A79T (= MCCC 1K05799T = KCTC 82519T = JCM 34473T).

18.
Front Immunol ; 12: 677027, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34168649

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a human herpesvirus that is common among the global population, causing an enormous disease burden. EBV can directly cause infectious mononucleosis and is also associated with various malignancies and autoimmune diseases. In order to prevent primary infection and subsequent chronic disease, efforts have been made to develop a prophylactic vaccine against EBV in recent years, but there is still no vaccine in clinical use. The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic and the global cooperation in vaccine development against SARS-CoV-2 provide insights for next-generation antiviral vaccine design and opportunities for developing an effective prophylactic EBV vaccine. With improvements in antigen selection, vaccine platforms, formulation and evaluation systems, novel vaccines against EBV are expected to elicit dual protection against infection of both B lymphocytes and epithelial cells. This would provide sustainable immunity against EBV-associated malignancies, finally enabling the control of worldwide EBV infection and management of EBV-associated diseases.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/imunologia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/imunologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/prevenção & controle , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição
19.
J Biomed Inform ; 118: 103799, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33965638

RESUMO

Recognition of biomedical entities from literature is a challenging research focus, which is the foundation for extracting a large amount of biomedical knowledge existing in unstructured texts into structured formats. Using the sequence labeling framework to implement biomedical named entity recognition (BioNER) is currently a conventional method. This method, however, often cannot take full advantage of the semantic information in the dataset, and the performance is not always satisfactory. In this work, instead of treating the BioNER task as a sequence labeling problem, we formulate it as a machine reading comprehension (MRC) problem. This formulation can introduce more prior knowledge utilizing well-designed queries, and no longer need decoding processes such as conditional random fields (CRF). We conduct experiments on six BioNER datasets, and the experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our method. Our method achieves state-of-the-art (SOTA) performance on the BC4CHEMD, BC5CDR-Chem, BC5CDR-Disease, NCBI-Disease, BC2GM and JNLPBA datasets, achieving F1-scores of 92.92%, 94.19%, 87.83%, 90.04%, 85.48% and 78.93%, respectively.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Semântica , Cognição , Mineração de Dados
20.
Mar Genomics ; 60: 100878, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34006489

RESUMO

Monaibacterium sp. ALG8 (=MCCC 1 K04733) was isolated from seawater around brown algae. The genome of Monaibacterium sp. ALG8 was sequenced, one circular 3,036,380 bp chromosome and six circular plasmids ranging from 12,229 to 151,263 bp were found after assembly. The results of genomic annotation showed that Monaibacterium sp. ALG8 lacks the ability to degrade alginate, indicating its ecological role may not be directly related to the degradation of brown algae. The comparison of genomic features in the plasmids showed that almost all of these plasmids, except pALG4, were horizontally recruited from donors, not ancestors. Based on predicted functions, the existence of plasmids may provide strain ALG8 with advantages including nitrate reduction, tolerance of osmotic stress via glycine betaine, resistance to heavy metal stress such as mercury and cobalt, degradation of benzoate metabolites such as p-cumate, transformation of the swim-or-stick lifestyle and improvement of the immune system with two CRISPR-Cas systems. This study provides evidence for the carbon metabolic patterns of Monaibacterium sp. ALG8 and predicts the functions and donors of six plasmids in this strain, broadening our understanding of the ecological roles of bacteria in the environment around brown algae and the functions and evolutionary patterns of plasmids in marine Roseobacter lineage members.

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