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1.
Viruses ; 14(11)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36366470

RESUMO

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with a variety of human malignancies, including Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, nasopharyngeal carcinoma and gastric cancers. EBV infection is crucial for the oncogenesis of its host cells. The prerequisite for the establishment of infection is the virus entry. Interactions of viral membrane glycoproteins and host membrane receptors play important roles in the process of virus entry into host cells. Current studies have shown that the main tropism for EBV are B cells and epithelial cells and that EBV is also found in the tumor cells derived from NK/T cells and leiomyosarcoma. However, the process of EBV infecting B cells and epithelial cells significantly differs, relying on heterogenous glycoprotein-receptor interactions. This review focuses on the tropism and molecular mechanism of EBV infection. We systematically summarize the key molecular events that mediate EBV cell tropism and its entry into target cells and provide a comprehensive overview.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Doença de Hodgkin , Humanos , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Linfócitos B , Glicoproteínas , Tropismo
3.
J Neurosci ; 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323525

RESUMO

The fetal brains experience rapid and complex development in utero during the second and third trimesters. In utero MRI of the fetal brain in this period enables us to quantify normal fetal brain development in the spatiotemporal domain. In this study, we established a high-quality spatiotemporal atlas between 23-38 gestational weeks (GA) from 90 healthy Chinese human fetuses of both sexes using a pairwise and groupwise registration pipeline. We quantified the fetal cortical morphology indices and characterized their spatiotemporal developmental pattern. The cortical thickness exhibited a biphasic pattern that first increased and then decreased; the curvature fitted well into the Gompertz growth model; sulcal depth increased linearly while surface area expanded exponentially. The cortical thickness and curvature trajectories consistently pointed to a characteristic time-point around GA of 31 weeks. The characteristic GA and growth rate obtained from individual cortical regions suggested a central-to-peripheral developmental gradient, with the earliest development in the parietal lobe, and we also observed a superior-to-inferior gradient within the temporal lobe. These findings may be linked to biophysical events such as dendritic arborization and thalamocortical fibers ingrowth. The proposed atlas was also compared with an existing fetal atlas from a Caucasian/mixed population. Finally, we examined the structural asymmetry of the fetal brains and found extensive asymmetry that dynamically changed with development. The current study depicted a comprehensive profile of fetal cortical development and the established atlas could be used as a normative reference for neurodevelopmental and diagnostic purposes, especially in the Chinese population.Significant StatementWe generated a high-quality 4D spatiotemporal atlas of the normal fetal brain development from 23 to 38 gestational weeks in a Chinese population and characterized the spatiotemporal developmental pattern of cortical morphology. According to the cortical development trajectories, the fetal cerebral cortex development follows a central-to-peripheral developmental gradient that may be related to the underlying cellular events. The majority of cortical regions already exhibit significant asymmetry during the fetal period.

4.
Evol Bioinform Online ; 18: 11769343221134400, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404992

RESUMO

Vibrio vulnificus is an emergent marine pathogen and is the cause of a deadly septicemia. However, the evolution mechanism of antibiotic-resistant genes (ARGs) is still unclear. Twenty-two high-quality complete genomes of V. vulnificus were obtained and grouped into 16 clinical isolates and 6 environmental isolates. Genomic annotations found 23 ARG orthologous genes, among which 14 ARGs were shared by V. vulnificus and other Vibrio members. Furthermore, those ARGs were located in their chromosomes, rather than in the plasmids. Phylogenomic reconstruction based on single-copy orthologous protein sequences and ARG protein sequences revealed that clinical and environmental V. vulnificus isolates were in a scattered distribution. The calculation of non-synonymous and synonymous substitutions indicated that most of ARGs evolved under purifying selection with the Ka/Ks ratios lower than one, while h-ns, rsmA, and soxR in several clinical isolates evolved under the positive selection with Ka/Ks ratios >1. Our result indicated that V. vulnificus antibiotic-resistant armory was not only confined to clinical isolates, but to environmental ones as well and clinical isolates inclined to accumulate beneficial non-synonymous substitutions that could be retained to improve competitiveness.

5.
Curr Zool ; 68(5): 592-599, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324540

RESUMO

Multimodal communication in animals is common, and is particularly well studied in signals that include both visual and auditory components. Multimodal signals that combine acoustic and olfactory components are less well known. Multimodal communication plays a crucial role in agonistic interactions in many mammals, but relatively little is known about this type of communication in nocturnal mammals. Here, we used male Great Himalayan leaf-nosed bats Hipposideros armiger to investigate multimodal signal function in acoustic and olfactory aggressive displays. We monitored the physiological responses (heart rate [HR]) when H. armiger was presented with 1 of 3 stimuli: territorial calls, forehead gland odors, and bimodal signals (calls + odors). Results showed that H. armiger rapidly increased their HR when exposed to any of the 3 stimuli. However, the duration of elevated HR and magnitude of change in HR increased significantly more when acoustic stimuli were presented alone compared with the presentation of olfactory stimuli alone. In contrast, the duration of elevated HR and magnitude of change in HR were significantly higher with bimodal stimuli than with olfactory stimuli alone, but no significant differences were found between the HR response to acoustic and bimodal stimuli. Our previous work showed that acoustic and chemical signals provided different types of information; here we describe experiments investigating the responses to those signals. These results suggest that olfactory and acoustic signals are non-redundant signal components, and that the acoustic component is the dominant modality in male H. armiger, at least as it related to HR. This study provides the first evidence that acoustic signals dominate over olfactory signals during agonistic interactions in a nocturnal mammal.

6.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(11): 671, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36242647

RESUMO

An aerobic, yellow-pigmented and Gram-stain-negative strain, designated as O-35 T, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment collected in Dangjiang Town, the southern China. Colonies of strain O-35 T were circular with 0.5-1.0 mm in diameter, convex and smooth. Cells of strain O-35 T were coccoid-shaped, non-spore forming, non-motile and the strain could reduce nitrate. Growth of strain O-35 T was observed at 15-40 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 6.0-9.5 (optimum 7.5-8.0) and in 0.5-5.0% NaCl (optimum 2%, w/v). Strain O-35 T showed 16S rRNA gene sequence identities of 97.3-97.5% with Sphingomicrobium lutaoense CC-TBT-3 T and Sphingomicrobium aestuariivivum AH-M8T, higher than the rest of Sphingomicrobium type strains. Phylogenetic trees based on the 16S rRNA gene and the core-genome sequences demonstrated that strain O-35 T was affiliated within the genus Sphingomicrobium. Overall genome relatedness index calculations revealed that strain O-35 T had < 75.8% of average nucleotide identity and < 19.2% of digital DNA-DNA hybridization values with Sphingomicrobium type strains. The sole isoprenoid quinone was ubiquinone-10. The major fatty acids (> 10%) were summed feature 8, summed feature 3, C16:0 and C18:1 2-OH. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingoglycolipid, two unidentified glycolipids, one unidentified lipid and one unidentified phospholipid. On the basis of the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genomic properties, strain O-35 T represents a novel species in the genus Sphingomicrobium, for which the name Sphingomicrobium nitratireducens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is O-35 T (= KCTC 92308 T = MCCC 1K07589T).


Assuntos
Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Água do Mar , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Cardiolipinas , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Glicolipídeos/análise , Glicoesfingolipídeos , Nitratos , Nucleotídeos , Fosfatidilcolinas , Fosfolipídeos/análise , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Cloreto de Sódio , Terpenos , Ubiquinona/química
7.
Neuroimage ; 264: 119700, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270621

RESUMO

White matter (WM) of the fetal brain undergoes rapid development to form early structural connections. Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) has shown to be a useful tool to depict fetal brain WM in utero, and many studies have observed increasing fractional anisotropy and decreasing diffusivity in the fetal brain during the second-to-third trimester, whereas others reported non-monotonic changes. Unbiased dMRI atlases of the fetal brain are important for characterizing the developmental trajectories of WM and providing normative references for in utero diagnosis of prenatal abnormalities. To date, the sole fetal brain dMRI atlas was collected from a Caucasian/mixed population and was constructed based on the diffusion tensor model with limited spatial resolution. In this work, we proposed a fiber orientation distribution (FOD) based pipeline for generating fetal brain dMRI atlases, which showed better registration accuracy than a diffusion tensor based pipeline. Based on the FOD-based pipeline, we constructed the first Chinese fetal brain dMRI atlas using 89 dMRI scans of normal fetuses at gestational age between 24 and 38 weeks. Complex non-monotonic trends of tensor- and FOD-derived microstructural parameters in eight WM tracts were observed, which jointly pointed to different phases of microstructural development. Specifically, we speculated that the turning point of the diffusivity trajectory may correspond to the starting point of pre-myelination, based on which, the developmental order of WM tracts can be mapped and the order was in agreement with the order of myelination from histological studies. The normative atlas also provided a reference for the detection of abnormal WM development, such as that in congenital heart disease. Therefore, the established high-order fetal brain dMRI atlas depicted the spatiotemporal pattern of early WM development, and findings may help decipher the distinct microstructural events in utero.

8.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129858

RESUMO

Multi-slice magnetic resonance images of the fetal brain are usually contaminated by severe and arbitrary fetal and maternal motion. Hence, stable and robust motion correction is necessary to reconstruct high-resolution 3D fetal brain volume for clinical diagnosis and quantitative analysis. However, the conventional registration-based correction has a limited capture range and is insufficient for detecting relatively large motions. Here, we present a novel Affinity Fusion-based Framework for Iteratively Random Motion (AFFIRM) correction of the multi-slice fetal brain MRI. It learns the sequential motion from multiple stacks of slices and integrates the features between 2D slices and reconstructed 3D volume using affinity fusion, which resembles the iterations between slice-to-volume registration and volumetric reconstruction in the regular pipeline. The method accurately estimates the motion regardless of brain orientations and outperforms other state-of-the-art learning-based methods on the simulated motion-corrupted data, with a 48.4% reduction of mean absolute error for rotation and 61.3% for displacement. We then incorporated AFFIRM into the multi-resolution slice-to-volume registration and tested it on the real-world fetal MRI scans at different gestation stages. The results indicated that adding AFFIRM to the conventional pipeline improved the success rate of fetal brain super-resolution reconstruction from 77.2% to 91.9%.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071359

RESUMO

In this digitalized world, economies have energetically encouraged green transformation. The empirical findings regarding the nexus between human capital and green growth are relatively inconclusive. The study originally explores the effect of human capital on the green growth of a digital economy like China from 1991 to 2019. To investigate the model empirically, we have applied the ARDL technique. Our results indicate that there is a positive impact of different levels of education on the green growth of China in the long run. Regression results also show that renewable energy consumption, internet use, and financial development lead to expansion in green growth in the long run. Our findings can strengthen the belief of the Chinese government on the advancement of green growth.

10.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(10): 633, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123413

RESUMO

A urea-utilizing bacterium, designated Q2-2 T, was isolated from landfill. Cells of strain Q2-2 T were Gram stain-negative, aerobic, short-rod bacteria. Strain Q2-2 T was observed to grow at a temperature range of 15-37℃ (optimum 30 â„ƒ), a pH range of 5.5-9.5 (optimum pH 8.0) and 0-4% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1%). The major respiratory quinone was Q-8, and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidyl glycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, and phosphatidyl glycerol. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence, strain Q2-2 T had the highest similarity with Paracandidimonas caeni 24 T (98.0%), followed by Pusillimonas soli MJ07T (97.5%), Parapusillimonas granuli Ch07T (97.2%), Pusillimonas ginsengisoli DCY25T (97.1%) and Paracandidimonas soli IMT-305 T (96.4%). The ANI values between strain Q2-2 T and the above related type strains were 71.02%, 73.52%, 74.32%, 74.59% and 72.29%, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain Q2-2 T was 61.1%. Therefore, strain Q2-2 T represents a novel species of the genus Paracandidimonas, for which the name Paracandidimonas lactea sp. nov. (type strain Q2-2 T = CGMCC 1.19179 T = JCM 34906 T) is proposed.


Assuntos
Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Ureia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Glicerol , Fosfatidilgliceróis , Filogenia , Quinonas , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Cloreto de Sódio , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
11.
Chin J Integr Med ; 28(4): 312-318, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34874517

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Shenmai Injection (SMI) on the long-term prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The Hospital Information System was used to extract data of CHF patients, and the retrospective cohort study was conducted for analysis. In non-exposed group, standardized Western medicine treatment and Chinese patent medicine or decoction were applied without combination of SMI while in the exposed group, SMI were applied for more than 7 days. Evaluation indicators are followed with New York Heart Association functional classification (NYHA classification), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), N-terminal brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-ProBNP), cardiogenic death and heart failure (HF) readmission. Statistical analysis includes Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression which are used to explore the relationship between SMI and outcome events. RESULTS: A total of 1,211 eligible CHF patients were involved and finally 1,047 patients were followed up successfully. After treatment, the cases of NYHA classification decline in the exposed and non-exposed groups accounted for 64.30% and 43.45%, respectively; the improvement values of LVEF were 8.89% and 7.91%, respectively; the improvement values of NT-ProBNP were 909 pg/mL and 735 pg/mL, respectively. After exposure on SMI, the rates of cardiogenic death and HF readmission reduced from 15.43% to 10.18% and 38.93% to 32.37%. According to Kaplan-Meier analysis, the log-rank P value of SMI and cardiogenic death was 0.014, while the counterpart of SMI and HF readmission was 0.025. Cox regression analysis indicated that for cardiogenic death, age, cardiomyopathy, diabetes, and NYHA classification were risk factors while ß-blockers, aldosterone receptor antagonists, Chinese patent medicine/decoction and SMI were protective factors. Likewise, for HF readmission, age, cardiomyopathy, and NYHA classification were risk factors while SMI was a protective factor. CONCLUSION: Combination with SMI on the standardized Western medicine treatment can effectively reduce cardiogenic mortality and readmission rate in CHF patients, and thereby improve the long-term prognosis.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Biomarcadores , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico
12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(32): e2202371119, 2022 08 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917353

RESUMO

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects more than 90% of the world's adult population and accounts for a significant cancer burden of epithelial and B cell origins. Glycoprotein B (gB) is the primary fusogen essential for EBV entry into host cells. Here, we isolated two EBV gB-specific neutralizing antibodies, 3A3 and 3A5; both effectively neutralized the dual-tropic EBV infection of B and epithelial cells. In humanized mice, both antibodies showed effective protection from EBV-induced lymphoproliferative disorders. Cryoelectron microscopy analyses identified that 3A3 and 3A5 bind to nonoverlapping sites on domains D-II and D-IV, respectively. Structure-based mutagenesis revealed that 3A3 and 3A5 inhibit membrane fusion through different mechanisms involving the interference with gB-cell interaction and gB activation. Importantly, the 3A3 and 3A5 epitopes are major targets of protective gB-specific neutralizing antibodies elicited by natural EBV infection in humans, providing potential targets for antiviral therapies and vaccines.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Anticorpos Antivirais , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Proteínas Virais , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/química , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Antivirais/química , Anticorpos Antivirais/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/terapia , Herpesvirus Humano 4/imunologia , Humanos , Fusão de Membrana , Camundongos , Proteínas Virais/imunologia
13.
Redox Biol ; 55: 102414, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926314

RESUMO

Di (2-ethyl-hexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a wildly used plasticizer. Maternal exposure to DEHP during pregnancy blocks the placental cell cycle at the G2/M phase by reducing the efficiency of the DNA repair pathways and affects the health of offsprings. However, the mechanism by which DEHP inhibits the repair of DNA damage remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that DEHP inhibits DNA damage repair by reducing the activity of the DNA repair factor recruitment molecule PARP1. NAD+ and ATP are two substrates necessary for PARP1 activity. DEHP abated NAD+ in the nucleus by reducing the level of NAD+ synthase NMNAT1 and elevated NAD+ in the mitochondrial by promoting synthesis. Furthermore, DEHP destroyed the mitochondrial respiratory chain, affected the structure and quantity of mitochondria, and decreased ATP production. Therefore, DEHP inhibits PARP1 activity by reducing the amount of NAD+ and ATP, which hinders the DNA damage repair pathways. The supplement of NAD+ precursor NAM can partially rescue the DNA and mitochondria damage. It provides a new idea for the prevention of health problems of offsprings caused by DEHP injury to the placenta.

14.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate calcium deposition in the fetal spine in vivo during the second and third trimesters using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). METHODS: Fifty-four pregnant women in their second and third trimesters underwent a 2D multi-echo STrategically Acquired Gradient Echo (STAGE) MR imaging protocol at 3T covering the fetal spine. The first echo data was used for QSM processing. A linear regression model was used to assess the correlation between magnetic susceptibility and gestational age (GA). A paired sample t-test was used to compare the consistency of QSM measurements from each sequence. RESULTS: The magnetic susceptibility of the fetal spine decreased linearly with advancing GA, with a slope of -52.3 parts per billion (ppb)/week and a Pearson correlation coefficient (r) of 0.83 (p < 0.001). In 37 subjects for whom the STAGE local QSM data were available from both flip angles, the average magnetic susceptibility values were -1111 ± 278 ppb and -1081 ± 262 ppb for FA = 8° and FA = 40°, respectively. These means were not statistically different according to a paired sample t-test (p = 0.156). CONCLUSIONS: QSM is a reliable technique for evaluating calcium deposition and bone mineral density of fetal vertebrae. Our results demonstrate an increase in fetal calcium levels as a function of GA. These measures might be able to provide reference values for calcium content in the fetal spine during the second and third trimesters. KEY POINTS: • Calcium deposition and mineralization in the fetal spine, evaluated by vertebral magnetic susceptibility, increased with advancing gestational age. • Our results provide reference values for calcium content in the fetal spine during the second and third trimesters.

15.
Front Immunol ; 13: 813031, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35874768

RESUMO

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a biologically and clinically heterogeneous disease that requires personalized clinical treatment. To assign patients into different risk categories, cytogenetic abnormalities and genetic mutations have been widely applied to the prognostic stratification of DLBCL. Increasing evidence has demonstrated that deregulated epigenetic modifications and long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) contribute to the initiation and progression of DLBCL. However, specific lncRNAs that affect epigenetic regulation and their value in predicting prognosis and therapy response remain uncertain. Here, 2,025 epigenetic-related genes were selected, and 9 lncRNAs (PRKCQ-AS1, C22orf34, HCP5, AC007389.3, APTR, SNHG19, ELFN1-AS1, LINC00487, and LINC00877) were tested and validated to establish an lncRNA-regulating epigenetic event signature (ELncSig). ELncSig, which was established based on independent lymphoma datasets, could distinguish different survival outcomes. Functional characterization of ELncSig showed that it could be an indicator of the immune microenvironment and is correlated with distinctive mutational characteristics. Univariate and multivariate analyses showed that ELncSig was independent of traditional prognostic factors. The novel immune-related ELncSig exhibits promising clinical prognostic value for DLBCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , RNA Longo não Codificante , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Imunidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Prognóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
16.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(15)2022 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35897590

RESUMO

Direct laser deposition (DLD) is widely used in precision manufacturing, but the process parameters (e.g., laser power, scanning patterns) easily lead to changes in dimensional accuracy and structural properties. Many methods have been proposed to analyze the principle of distortion and residual stress generation, but it is difficult to evaluate the involvement of temperature and stress in the process of rapid melting and solidification. In this paper, a three-dimensional finite element model is established based on thermal-mechanical relationships in multilayer DLD. Differences in temperature and residual stress between continuous laser deposition (CLD) and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) are compared with the numerical model. To validate the relationship, the temperature and residual stress values obtained by numerical simulation are compared with the values obtained by the HIOKI-LR8431 temperature logger and the Pulstec µ-X360s X-ray diffraction (XRD) instrument. The results indicate that the temperature and residual stress of the deposition part can be evaluated by the proposed simulation model. The proposed PLD process, which includes continuous pulsed laser deposition (CPLD) and interval pulsed laser deposition (IPLD), were found more effective to improve the homogeneity of temperature and residual stress than the CLD process. This study is expected to be useful in the distortion control and microstructure consistency of multilayer deposited parts.

17.
Leukemia ; 36(9): 2269-2280, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35835991

RESUMO

TP53 mutations correlate with inferior survival in many cancers. APR-246 is a compound to shift mutant p53 and exhibits anti-cancer effects. Among its effects, APR-246 facilitates the binding of restored p53 mutants to target genes and their transcription. A set of 2464 DLBCL cases from multiple cohorts including our center, was integrated to identify the type and localization of TP53 mutations and clinical impacts. APR-246 was applied in TP53-mutated DLBCL cells and xenograft mouse models to explore the anti-tumor effect. TP53 mutations frequency was 16% and TP53 mutations correlated with poor overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in all cases, especially in germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and unclassified (UNC) subtypes. Notably, TP53 single mutations in the DNA binding domain (DBD) led to poor OS and PFS. Specifically, mutations in exon 7 correlated with poorer OS, while mutations in exons 5 and 6 associated with inferior PFS. APR-246 induces p53-dependent ferritinophagy of DLBCL cells with TP53 missense mutation on exon 7 and ferroptosis of DLBCL cells harboring wild-type TP53 and other TP53 mutations. TP53 mutations on exons 5, 6 and 7 are predictors of progression and survival. Targeting mutant p53 by APR-246 is a promising therapeutic approach for DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Quinuclidinas , Animais , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mutação , Prognóstico , Quinuclidinas/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
18.
Front Psychol ; 13: 867673, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719565

RESUMO

With the increasingly powerful functions of vehicle-mounted entertainment facilities, people (especially young drivers) like to listen to music while driving to render different atmospheres and emotions. However, emotions are important factors affecting drivers' decisions, behavior and may reduce drivers' hazard perception (HP), even promote dangerous driving behaviors of drivers. The purpose of this study is to explore the young and elderly drivers in assessing the HP difference under different emotional states. We conducted a 3 × 2 mixed experimental design with emotion as a within-participants variable and age as a between-participants factor. A sample of 14 young drivers (mean age = 22.21, SD = 1.05) and 13 elderly drivers (mean age = 54.08, SD = 2.72) completed the HP self-assessment of road traffic warning signs under negative emotion, neutral emotion, and positive emotion, randomly. The results showed that the young had the highest self-assessment HP under the negative emotion arousal condition, while the old had the highest self-assessment HP under the positive emotion arousal condition. In addition, When both groups were in a positive arousal state, the older group perceived more hazards than the young group. The results could help designers create driving emotions suitable for different driver groups, thus improving their perception of hazards and reducing risky driving.

19.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 54(12): 3203-3210, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35771315

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the addition of dexmedetomidine to ropivacaine on oxidative stress during transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and rectus sheath (RS) blockades for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter insertion. METHODS: Sixty patients with ESRD undergoing PD catheter insertion to receive left ultrasound-guided TAP and RS blockades were randomly divided into two groups: the dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group (25 mL of 0.3% ropivacaine + 1 µg/kg dexmedetomidine) and the ropivacaine group (25 mL of 0.3% ropivacaine). Primary outcomes were oxidative stress marker levels during the procedure. RESULTS: A total of 60 patients (30 patients in each group) were evaluated. Compared with the ropivacaine group, the dexmedetomidine plus ropivacaine group had significantly lower serum malondialdehyde levels (P < 0.05) and increased glutathione peroxidase (P < 0.01) and superoxide dismutase levels at 24 h after the procedure (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The addition of 1 µg/kg of dexmedetomidine to ropivacaine for ultrasound-guided TAP and RS blockades could inhibit oxidative stress in patients with ESRD undergoing PD catheter insertion. Trial registration This study was registered at www.chictr.org.cn on June 7, 2021 (ChiCTR2100047050).


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina , Falência Renal Crônica , Bloqueio Nervoso , Diálise Peritoneal , Humanos , Ropivacaina , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Anestésicos Locais , Glutationa Peroxidase , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Estudos Prospectivos , Diálise Peritoneal/métodos , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo , Malondialdeído , Superóxido Dismutase , Cateteres
20.
Front Nutr ; 9: 804880, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35757267

RESUMO

Human breastmilk, the ideal food for healthy infants, naturally contains a high concentration of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs, about 15% of total fatty acids). MCFAs are an important energy source for infants due to their unique digestive and metabolic properties. MCFA-enriched oils are widely used in an infant formula, especially the formula produced for preterm infants. Recently, there has been a growing interest in the triglyceride structure of MCFAs in human milk, their metabolism, and their effects on infant health. This study summarized the MCFA composition and structure in both human milk and infant formula. Recent studies on the nutritional effects of MCFAs on infant gut microbiota have been reviewed. Special attention was given to the MCFAs digestion and metabolism in the infants. This paper aims to provide insights into the optimization of formulations to fulfill infant nutritional requirements.

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