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1.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(12): 1118-1123, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874526

RESUMO

As the rapid development of minimally invasive techniques, anesthesia, and enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS), anorectal day surgery receiving more and more attention by improving efficiency of medical care while reducing cost and hospitalized infection. However, day surgery also faces the challenge of completing the whole process from patient admission to discharge within 24 hours. Therefore, establishing a reasonable and detailed day surgery process is the cornerstone to guarantee safe medical practice and patients satisfaction. National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders (Xiangya), together with China Ambulatory Surgery Alliance formulates the clinical practice guideline for anorectal day surgery 2019 edition. Here we make some interpretations of the guidelines on the detailed process of anorectal day surgery, including indication, preoperative examination, preoperative risk evaluation, health education, assessment of day surgery anesthesia and before leaving postanesthesia care unit (PACU), postoperative management, assessment of discharge and follow-up, for the convenience of various medical centers.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/normas , Assistência ao Paciente/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Protectomia/normas , Idoso , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Humanos , Reto/cirurgia
2.
Genet Mol Res ; 14(1): 1975-85, 2015 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25867343

RESUMO

High molecular weight glutenin subunits (HMW-GS) play an essential role in wheat processing quality. In this study, we evaluated the genetic pattern with HMW-GS composition between generations and examined whether agronomic and quality traits were correlated with each other. A wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivar with high protein content and 2 cultivars with low protein content were subjected to a reciprocal cross. Sixteen agronomic and 4 quality characteristics were investigated. A total of 216 seeds from each F2 generation were chosen randomly and analyzed for HMW-GS composition using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Agronomic and quality characteristics were not significantly different between reciprocal crosses, indicating no cytoplasmic effect on the characteristics studied. The separation ratio of 2 HMW-GS loci was 9:3:3:1, indicating no linkage between any 2 loci. The novel HMW-GS N was detected in cultivar R145, which did not follow the Mendelian segregation ratio. A Glu-A1a(1) band was not detected in 1 individual from Tian8901xR145. Average grain weight per spike was significantly correlated with quality characteristics and may be a suitable criterion for selecting high protein content in wheat breeding programs.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Triticum/genética , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Glutens/química , Glutens/genética , Peso Molecular , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Subunidades Proteicas/química , Subunidades Proteicas/genética , Sementes/genética , Triticum/química
3.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(2): 3474-85, 2014 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24841792

RESUMO

We studied the effects of different media for callus induction and differentiation, and pre-culture period of immature wheat embryo culture on biolistic transformation efficiency for including antifreeze gene KN2 and bar conferring resistance to the herbicide bialaphos. The percentage of plantlets generated from induction and differentiation media without Cu2+ was lower than those cultured on differentiation media with Cu2+ (71.15%) or induction media with Cu2+ (68.45%) and both induction and differentiation media with Cu2+ (52.17%). The combinations of Nor medium for callus induction and Cu2+ medium for regeneration, and Cu2+ medium for induction and R medium for regeneration were superior for biolistic transformation. The calli induced on Cu2+ medium and pre-cultured for 4 d before biolistic transformation, and cultured on R medium after biolistic transformation produced the highest percentage (65%) of transgenic plantlets with the KN2 gene. Overall, about 50% plantlets regenerated from calli pre-cultured 4d before bombardment carried the KN2 gene; 44.7% of the plantlets carried the bar gene, which was higher than for any other treatment, followed by pre-culture 1d with 31.43% transformation rate for the KN2 gene and 20% transformation rate for the bar gene.


Assuntos
Proteínas Anticongelantes/genética , Resistência a Herbicidas/genética , Transformação Genética , Triticum/genética , Biolística , Calo Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos , Calo Ósseo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Cobre/química , Compostos Organofosforados/toxicidade , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
4.
Genet Mol Res ; 13(2): 3089-99, 2014 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24782166

RESUMO

Yield losses caused by lodging in barley can be partially controlled by reducing plant height. In order to understand dwarfing mechanisms and efficiently use new dwarf germplasms for a breeding program, it is important to identify QTL of plant height components. QTL analysis was performed for seven plant height component traits using a DH population of 122 lines derived from the cross of Huaai 11 x Huadamai 6. Composite interval mapping procedures detected 20 QTL, which were mapped onto chromosomes 2H, 3H, 5H, 6H, and 7H. Eleven QTL were detected in 3 years and four QTL were detected in 2 years. QTL controlling all seven plant height component traits were found near the dwarfing gene btwd1 on chromosome 7H. These QTL accounted for 27.19 to 59.73% of phenotypic variation in seven plant height component traits. Positive transgressive segregation was found for all traits. Some of the QTL identified in this study will be useful for understanding the dwarfing mechanism and for developing new dwarf varieties using marker-assisted selection.


Assuntos
Haploidia , Hordeum/genética , Fenótipo , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Cruzamento , Genética Populacional , Hordeum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
5.
Genet Mol Res ; 12(3): 3555-65, 2013 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24065689

RESUMO

A spontaneous dwarf mutant of wheat was found in an F5 generation line derived from a cross between Huamai No. 9 and Een No. 1 in 1998; it was named Huaai 01. We characterized the genetic pattern of Huaai 01 and mapped the gene controlling the dwarf trait. This dwarf mutant was found insensitive to exogenous gibberellic acid treatment, based on the length of the first leaf and the coleoptile at the seedling stage, suggesting that it plays a crucial role in the gibberellin response pathway. Genetic analysis revealed that a single gene that is partially recessive controls the dwarf phenotype in Huaai 01. We named the dwarfing gene Rht-B2. Simple sequence repeats (SSR) were examined as identifying markers linked to the Rht-B2 gene in an F2 population. We screened 904 pairs of primers and identified 5 SSR markers linked to the Rht-B2 gene. Two markers, barc1096 and xgwm495, were located on the flanking region of the Rht-B2 gene at genetic distances of 2.9 and 3.3 cM, respectively. Based on published SSR linkage data for wheat, the Rht-B2 gene was mapped to the long arm of chromosome 4B. This identification and characterization of the Rht-B2 dwarfing gene will facilitate its utilization in wheat breeding.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Cromossômico , Repetições de Microssatélites/genética , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cruzamento , Giberelinas/farmacologia , Plântula/genética , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Triticum/genética
6.
Can J Gastroenterol ; 21(7): 439-42, 2007 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17637946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections are thought to be uncommon in North America. Recently, HEV transmission has been reported following the consumption of deer meat. Because deer are closely related to caribou and caribou meat is a staple of the Canadian Inuit and the American Eskimo diet, the present study explored the seroprevalence of HEV infection in an isolated Canadian Inuit community. METHODS: Stored sera were thawed and tested for immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM anti-HEV by ELISA, and tested for HEV-RNA by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The study consisted of 393 sera (representing approximately 50% of the community's inhabitants). Eleven samples (3%) were IgG anti-HEV-positive. Their mean age was 29+/-8 years and three were male. Two of 11 (18%) were also IgM anti-HEV-positive. All IgG anti-HEV-positive individuals were HEV-RNA-negative. Liver biochemistry was normal in all. Seven of 11 (64%) were also positive for anti-hepatitis A virus, five (46%) were hepatitis B virus seropositive and none (0%) were positive for anti-hepatitis C virus. There were no associations between infections with HEV and other hepatropic viruses. Serological testing was negative for HEV infection in 25 caribou from an adjacent region. CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed that serological evidence of HEV infection was present in 3% of the observed Canadian Inuit population; the presence of IgM anti-HEV suggested recent infection and HEV did not appear to coinfect with other common hepatotropic viruses. The source of HEV infection in the population remains unclear. These findings are interesting but preliminary. Additional data are required to determine whether HEV infections are responsible for otherwise unexplained acute hepatitis in the Canadian Inuit population and visitors returning from northern North American communities.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite E/imunologia , Hepatite E/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Canadá/epidemiologia , Criança , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Hepatite E/sangue , Hepatite E/etnologia , Hepatite E/etiologia , Hepatite E/virologia , Vírus da Hepatite E/genética , Humanos , Inuítes/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Carne , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/análise , Rena/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Distribuição por Sexo
7.
Kidney Int ; 70(3): 453-9, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16871256

RESUMO

Resistance to growth hormone (GH)-induced insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) gene expression contributes to uremic muscle wasting. Since exercise stimulates muscle IGF-1 expression independent of GH, we tested whether work overload (WO) could increase skeletal muscle IGF-1 expression in uremia and thus bypass the defective GH action. Furthermore, to provide insight into the mechanism of uremic wasting and the response to exercise we examined myostatin expression. Unilateral plantaris muscle WO was initiated in uremic and pairfed (PF) normal rats by ablation of a gastrocnemius tendon and adjoining part of this muscle with the contralateral plantaris as a control. Some rats were GH treated for 7 days. WO led to similar gains in plantaris weight in both groups and corrected the uremic muscle atrophy. GH increased plantaris IGF-1 mRNA >twofold in PF rats but the response in uremia was severely attenuated. WO increased the IGF-1 mRNA levels significantly in both uremic and PF groups, albeit less brisk in uremia; however, after 7 days IGF-1 mRNA levels were elevated similarly, >2-fold, in both groups. In the atrophied uremic plantaris muscle basal myostatin mRNA levels were increased significantly and normalized after an increase in WO suggesting a myostatin role in the wasting process. In the hypertrophied uremic left ventricle the basal myostatin mRNA levels were reduced and likely favor the cardiac hypertrophy. Together the findings provide insight into the mechanisms of skeletal muscle wasting in uremia and the hypertrophic response to exercise, and suggest that alterations in the balance between IGF-1 and myostatin play an important role in these processes.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/genética , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Atrofia Muscular/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Uremia/fisiopatologia , Animais , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Creatinina/sangue , Resistência a Medicamentos , Expressão Gênica , Hormônio do Crescimento/farmacologia , Coração/fisiologia , Hipertrofia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Falência Renal Crônica/complicações , Falência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Atrofia Muscular/tratamento farmacológico , Atrofia Muscular/etiologia , Miostatina , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Uremia/complicações
8.
Theor Appl Genet ; 112(7): 1271-6, 2006 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16465548

RESUMO

Male sterility of wheat-breeding line 337S (Triticum aestivum L.) is sensitive to both short day-length/low temperature and long day-length/high temperature. 337S was crossed with the common wheat variety, Huamai No. 8 and the F1 was highly fertile. The F2 population segregated in a 15:1 ratio for fertility/sterility in 243 individuals under long day-length/high-temperature. The two thermophotoperiod-responsive male sterile genes were mapped to chromosomes 5B and 2B using Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) markers and bulked segregant analysis. Partial linkage maps around the sterility loci of chromosomes 2B and 5B were constructed using the 243 individuals in the F2 population. One gene (wptms1) for male sterility was flanked by the SSR markers Xgwm335 and Xgwm371 at a genetic distance in chromosome 5B of 4.1 and 24.4 cM, respectively. The second gene (wptms2) was mapped between markers Xgwm374 and Xgwm120 at a genetic distance of 6.6 and 20.9 cM, respectively. The closest linked markers Xgwm335 (wptms1) and Xgwm374 (wptms2) explained 53 and 38% of phenotypic variation for the fertility. The SSR markers provide a useful tool to transfer the male sterile genes into elite wheat germplasm.


Assuntos
Genes de Plantas , Genes Recessivos , Temperatura Ambiente , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Fertilidade/genética , Ligação Genética , Marcadores Genéticos , Repetições de Microssatélites , Fotoperíodo , Polimorfismo Genético
9.
Virchows Arch ; 439(1): 35-45, 2001 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11499838

RESUMO

Cytokines may regulate cell proliferation by cell-cycle-regulatory proteins, in which cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CDKI) inhibit cell proliferation. We investigated whether CDKI p21 or p27, both of which are potentially regulated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, a key cytokine in fibrogenesis, are involved together with TGF-beta and/or platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) in the fibrous progression of glomerular crescent formation and examined the sequential change in the cell type and the cellular background of myofibroblasts in crescent formation. Crescentic glomerulonephritis (GN) was induced by i.v. injection of rabbit antirat glomerular basement membrane antiserum in WKY rats. Animals were killed 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks after the induction of GN, and their kidneys were processed for immunohistochemical examination. After 1 week more than 85% of glomeruli showed cellular crescents, which became fibrocellular with decreased cellularity by 4 weeks. ED 1-positive macrophages were components of crescent cells in about 44% at 1-2 weeks, and this proportion declined markedly afterwards. Alpha smooth muscle actin (alpha SMA, a marker for myofibroblasts)-positive cells were found in Bowman's epithelial cells (BEP) and in some crescent cells at 1 week, becoming major components of crescent cells by 4 weeks (about 40%). It was 2 weeks before invasion of alpha SMA-positive interstitial cells into glomeruli was evident. PDGF-B and PDGF receptor beta-positive cells, indicating possible targets for PDGF, were found in BEP adjoining crescent formation almost exclusively from 1 to 2 weeks. By contrast, both TGF-beta receptor types I- and II-positive cells, indicating possible effectors for TGF-beta, were found in BEP and crescent formation, and the percentage of these in the crescent formation did not change until 4 weeks (about 32%). Cells with positive immunostaining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen and cyclin A, markers for cell proliferation, in the crescent formation peaked in number and proportion at 1-2 weeks, then decreased. In contrast, cells with positive immunostaining for p21 and p27, CDKI, were sparse at 1 week, and then increased markedly in number and in proportion, peaking at 3 (39.6%) or 2-3 weeks (about 25-30%), respectively. The present study demonstrates that restrained expression or a transient increase in p21 and p27 may be associated with proliferation or with inhibited proliferation of crescent cells, most of which are macrophages and myofibroblasts. The action, of PDGF and TGF-beta may contribute to the recruitment of myofibroblasts into the crescent. The action of TGF-beta on crescent cells might be linked to the expression of p21 and/or p27.


Assuntos
Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/metabolismo , Glomérulos Renais/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares , Fator de Crescimento Derivado de Plaquetas/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/patologia , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Divisão Celular/fisiologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Ciclina A/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21 , Ciclinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose/metabolismo , Fibrose/patologia , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY
10.
Am J Pathol ; 157(4): 1321-35, 2000 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-11021836

RESUMO

Cellular recovery in acute renal failure is a form of wound healing. Fibroblast-like cells or myofibroblasts are involved in wound healing. We examined the serial changes in tubular damage and origin and kinetics of regenerating cells in uranyl acetate-induced acute renal failure, with a special emphasis on interstitial myofibroblasts. Acute renal failure was induced in rats by intravenous injection of uranyl acetate (5 mg/kg). All rats received bromodeoxyuridine intraperitoneally 1 hour before sacrifice. Serial changes in the distribution of tubular necrosis and bromodeoxyuridine-incorporated or vimentin-positive regenerating cells, and their spatial and temporal relation to alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts as well as ED 1-positive monocytes/macrophages were examined. Necrotic tubules initially appeared around the corticomedullary junction after uranyl acetate injection, then spread both downstream and upstream of proximal tubules. Peritubular alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts appeared and extended along the denuded tubular basement membrane, establishing network formation throughout the cortex and the outer stripe of outer medulla at days 4 to 5. Tubular regeneration originated in nonlethally injured cells in the distal end of S3 segments, which was confirmed by lectin and immunohistochemical staining using markers for tubular segment. Subsequently, upstream proliferation was noted along the tubular basement membrane firmly attached by myofibroblasts. During cellular recovery, no entry of myofibroblasts into the tubular lumen across the tubular basement membrane was noted and only a few myofibroblasts showed bromodeoxyuridine positivity. The fractional area of alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive interstitium reached a peak level at day 7 in the cortex and outer stripe of outer medulla, then gradually disappeared by day 15 and remained only around dilated tubules and in the expanded interstitium at day 21. ED 1-positive monocytes/macrophages were transiently infiltrated mainly into the region of injury. They did not show specific association with initially necrotic tubules, but some of them located in close proximity to regenerating tubules. Nonlethally injured cells at the distal end of proximal tubules are likely to be the main source of tubular regeneration, and the transient appearance of interstitial myofibroblasts attached to the tubular basement membrane immediately after tubular necrosis might play a role in promoting cellular recovery in possible association with monocytes/macrophages in uranyl acetate-induced acute renal failure.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/fisiopatologia , Fibroblastos/fisiologia , Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/sangue , Animais , Bromodesoxiuridina/farmacocinética , Creatinina/sangue , Espaço Extracelular/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/patologia , Cinética , Masculino , Músculo Liso/citologia , Compostos Organometálicos , Reação do Ácido Periódico de Schiff , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Coloração e Rotulagem , Vimentina/metabolismo
12.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 15(2): 191-9, 2000 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-10648664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta is a regulator of extracellular matrix accumulation. Both TGF-beta receptors, type I (TbetaRI) and type II (TbetaRII), may be required for signal transduction in the TGF-beta pathway. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the TGF-beta pathways and glomerular basement membrane (GBM) accumulation in vivo. METHODS: We examined TbetaRI, II, and III protein expression on visceral glomerular epithelial cells (GEP) in relation to GBM alterations in passive Heymann nephritis (PHN), anti-GBM nephritis and anti-thymocyte serum (ATS) nephritis. Renal tissues were examined by pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopy 3, 7 and 14 days after induction of nephritis in rats. RESULTS: In normal control rats TbetaRI was not detected on GEP, TbetaRII expression was very occasionally found on GEP and TbetaRIII was seen in the cytoplasm of the GEP. TbetaRI, TbetaRII, and TbetaRIII were constitutively expressed on glomerular endothelial cells. By day 3 of anti-GBM nephritis and PHN, expression of TbetaRI, TbetaRII, and TbetaRIII was still similar to that of normal control rats, and GBM alterations in both models were not prominent except for deposit formation in PHN. From day 7 onwards, in both models, expression of TbetaRI and TbetaRII on GEP increased in association with GBM thickening. Expression of TbetaRIII in the cytoplasm of the GEP was increased, with occasional positive staining being seen on the urinary surface of the GEP from day 7 onwards. On the other hand, at day 3 of ATS nephritis, increased expression of TbetaRI and TbetaRII on GEP was noted, but from day 7 onwards, expression of TbetaR II on GEP dramatically decreased. Expression of TbetaRIII in the cytoplasm of the GEP also transiently increased at day 3. GBM thickening was not noted in ATS nephritis. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that persistent upregulation of expression of TbetaRI, TbetaRII and possibly TbetaRIII on GEP may contribute to GBM matrix accumulation in vivo.


Assuntos
Membrana Basal/patologia , Glomérulos Renais/metabolismo , Glomérulos Renais/patologia , Proteinúria/metabolismo , Proteinúria/patologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento Transformadores beta/metabolismo , Animais , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/patologia , Doença Antimembrana Basal Glomerular/urina , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Glomerulonefrite/imunologia , Glomerulonefrite/patologia , Glomerulonefrite/urina , Soros Imunes/imunologia , Masculino , Microscopia Imunoeletrônica , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Timo/citologia , Timo/imunologia
13.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 8(2): 84-5, 1999 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15048276

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To analysis post-treatmental reaction and long-term effect of one-visit root canal therapy by microwave instrument. METHODS:Applying heat effect and the other ones of microwave,the changes of dentine tissue of extracted teeth were observated by SEM examination.48hs and 1 year post-treatmental effect of 47 patients of periapical periodontitis treated by one-visit root canal therapy were observated and compared with the results of 54 cases treated with common method.RESULTS:In the cases of acute and chronic periapical periodontitis microwave applied in root canal therapy can close the openings of dentine,enhance the effects of sterilization and decrease times of treatment.CONCLUSION:Microwave applied in one-visit root canal therapy is competent.

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