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1.
Adv Ther ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817809

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To explore the impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on the stability of patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) receiving the treat and extend (T&E) or the pro re nata (PRN) treatment regimen and to identify indicators that may predict the disease stability of nAMD. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients with nAMD treated at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University whose treatment schedule was interrupted at least once between 1 February and 31 May 2020. The demographic and clinical characteristics, including the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) features, subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), interval between the last injection and the beginning of the pandemic, and the number of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections, were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 209 stable patients with nAMD (122 eyes received the T&E regimen; 87 eyes received the PRN regimen) were identified. Compared to those who received the PRN regimen, the patients who received the T&E regimen were more stable during the first visit after COVID-19 (53.3% vs. 33.3%, P = 0.004), the BCVA was significantly better (58.5 letters vs. 56 letters, P = 0.006), and the CRT fluctuated only slightly (15 µm vs. 35 µm, P = 0.001). Furthermore, a multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that stable patients with nAMD with type 1 choroidal neovascularization (CNV) (OR 2.493 [95% CI 1.179-5.272], compared with type 2 CNV; P = 0.017; OR 2.912 [95% CI 1.133-7.485], compared with retinal angiomatous proliferation; P = 0.026) or with pigment epithelial detachment (PED) were more likely to remain stable when treatment was interrupted (OR 0.392 [95% CI 0.181-0.852], compared with no PED; P = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Compared to patients who received the PRN treatment regimen, stable patients with nAMD who received the T&E treatment regimen could better maintain stability when the treatments were suddenly interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, patients with type 1 CNV or patients with PED were more likely to remain stable. At present, the COVID-19 pandemic is becoming increasingly normalized, and the T&E regimen can become a more advanced treatment option for patients undergoing therapy.

2.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812567

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the difference between tracheostomy and non-tracheostomy and identify the risk factors associated with the need for tracheostomy after traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (TCSCI). METHODS: The demographic and injury characteristics of 456 TCSCI patients, treated in the Xinqiao Hospital from 2010 to 2019, were retrospective analyzed. Patients were divided into the tracheostomy group (n = 63) and the non-tracheostomy group (n = 393). Variables included were age, gender,smoking history, mechanism of injury, concomitant injury, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale, the neurological level of injury, Cervical Spine Injury Severity Score (CSISS), surgery, and length of stay in ICU and hospital. SPSS 25.0 (SPSS, Chicago, IL) was used for statistical analysis and ROC curve drawing. Chi-square analysis was applied to find out the difference of variables between the tracheostomy and non-tracheostomy groups. Univariate logistic regression analysis (ULRA) and multiple logistic regression analysis (MLRA) were used to identify risk factors for tracheostomy. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was used to evaluate the performance of these risk factors. RESULTS: Of 456 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 63 (13.8%) underwent tracheostomy. There were differences in age (χ2 = 6.615, P = 0.032), mechanism of injury (χ2 = 9.87, P = 0.036), concomitant injury (χ2 = 6.131, P = 0.013),ASIA Impairment Scale (χ2 = 123.08, P < 0.01), the neurological level of injury (χ2 = 34.74, P < 0.01), and CSISS (χ2 = 19.612, P < 0.01) between the tracheostomy and non-tracheostomy groups. Smoking history, CSISS ≥ 7, AIS A and, NLI ≥ C5 were identified as potential risk factors for tracheostomy by ULRA. Smoking history (OR = 2.960, 95% CI: 1.524-5.750, P = 0.001), CSISS ≥ 7 (OR = 4.599, 95% CI: 2.328-9.085, P = 0.000), AIS A (OR = 14.213, 95% CI: 6.720-30.060, P = 0.000) and NLI ≥ C5 (OR = 8.312, 95% CI: 1.935-35.711, P = 0.004) as risk factors for tracheostomy were determined by MLRA. The AUC for the risk factors of tracheostomy after TCSCI was 0.858 (95% CI: 0.810-0.907). CONCLUSIONS: Smoking history, CSISS ≥ 7, AIS A and, NLI ≥ C5 were identified as risk factors needing of tracheostomy in patients with TCSCI. These risk factors may be important to assist the clinical decision of tracheostomy.

3.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(26): 7729-7737, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, silicone oil has been widely used in vitrectomy to deal with complex fundus diseases. Usually, cataract extraction is combined with vitrectomy. However, reducing the complications of silicone oil tamponade and facilitating the secondary implantation of intraocular lens (IOL) are still an urgent problem. AIM: To evaluate the clinical effect of vitrectomy combined with peripheral capsule preservation (PCP) in eyes with silicone oil tamponade. METHODS: This single-center retrospective analysis included 70 patients (73 eyes) who underwent vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade combined with cataract surgery (stage I) between January 2015 and July 2019. All patients underwent selective reoperation for silicone oil extraction and IOL implantation (stage II) more than 3 mo after stage I. These patients were divided into three groups according to the different lens capsule preservation methods: 28 patients (31 eyes) in a whole capsule preserved (WCP) group, 17 (17 eyes) in a capsule absent (CA) group, and 25 (25 eyes) in a peripheral capsule preserved (PCP) group. Intraocular pressure (IOP), best-corrected visual acuity, surgery time, and other complications were recorded at each time point (1 d, 1 wk, and 1 mo after stages I and II). RESULTS: The IOP values were 14.9 ± 8.2 mmHg in the WCP group, 20.3 ± 13.0 mmHg in the CA group, and 14.2 ± 9.7 mmHg in the PCP group (P < 0.05) at 1 mo after stage I operation. Five eyes had IOP higher than 30 mmHg, and one eye in the WCP group appeared to have silicone oil entering the anterior chamber. There was no significant difference in IOP among the three groups at any other time point (P > 0.05). With IOL implantation, visual acuity improved significantly compared to stage I. The incidence rate of posterior capsule opacity was higher in the WCP group than in the other groups (P < 0.001). In the CA group, IOL deviation due to suture relaxation occurred in one case. There was no significant difference in the surgery time among the three groups in stage I (P = 0.618). In stage II, the surgery time of the PCP group and WCP group was significantly shorter than that of the AC group (P = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Preservation of the peripheral capsule in vitrectomy combined with lens removal is a better option. This method has significant advantages in reducing intraoperative and postoperative complications.

4.
Elife ; 102021 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34612202

RESUMO

Human organoid systems recapitulate key features of organs offering platforms for modelling developmental biology and disease. Tissue-derived organoids have been widely used to study the impact of extrinsic niche factors on stem cells. However, they are rarely used to study endogenous gene function due to the lack of efficient gene manipulation tools. Previously, we established a human foetal lung organoid system (Nikolic et al., 2017). Here, using this organoid system as an example, we have systematically developed and optimised a complete genetic toolbox for use in tissue-derived organoids. This includes 'Organoid Easytag', our efficient workflow for targeting all types of gene loci through CRISPR-mediated homologous recombination followed by flow cytometry for enriching correctly targeted cells. Our toolbox also incorporates conditional gene knockdown or overexpression using tightly inducible CRISPR interference and CRISPR activation which is the first efficient application of these techniques to tissue-derived organoids. These tools will facilitate gene perturbation studies in tissue-derived organoids facilitating human disease modelling and providing a functional counterpart to many ongoing descriptive studies, such as the Human Cell Atlas Project.

5.
J Neurosci Res ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487578

RESUMO

The cellular responses to hypoxia or hypoxia-ischemia (HI) are governed largely by the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) family of transcription factors. Our previous studies show that HIF-1α induction is an important factor that mediates protective effects in the brain after neonatal HI. In the present study, we investigated the contribution of another closely related HIF α isoform, HIF-2α, specifically the neuronal HIF-2α, to brain HI injury. Homozygous transgenic mice with a floxed exon 2 of HIF-2α were bred with CaMKIIα-Cre mice to generate a mouse line with selective deletion of HIF-2α in forebrain neurons. These mice, along with their wildtype littermates, were subjected to HI at postnatal day 9. Brain injury at different ages was evaluated by the levels of cleaved caspase-3 and spectrin breakdown products at 24 hr; and histologically at 6 days or 3 months after HI. Multiple behavioral tests were performed at 3 months, prior to sacrifice. Loss of neuronal HIF-2α exacerbated brain injury during the acute (24 hr) and subacute phases (6 days), with a trend toward more severe volume loss in the adult brain. The long-term brain function for coordinated movement and recognition memory, however, were not impacted in the neuronal HIF-2α deficient mice. Our data suggest that, similar to HIF-1α, neuronal HIF-2α promotes cell survival in the immature mouse brain. The two HIF alpha isoforms may act through partially overlapping or distinct transcriptional targets to mediate their intrinsic protective responses against neonatal HI brain injury.

6.
Pharmgenomics Pers Med ; 14: 1047-1053, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471376

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the associations between immune-related gene (FCRL3, NLRP3 and IL2) polymorphisms and the risk of head and neck cancer (HNC). Methods: Six polymorphisms of FCRL3, NLRP3 and IL2 were genotyped in 400 HNC cases and 400 controls using a MassARRAY platform. Results: rs11264799-T was a protective variant against HNC risk, while rs7528684-G, rs35829419-A and rs6822844-T were all risk alleles for HNC (p < 0.05). rs11264799-TT was correlated with reduced HNC risk, while rs7528684-GG and rs6822844-TG were associated with an elevated risk of disease (p < 0.05). Moreover, rs11264799 was correlated with a declining risk of HNC in three genetic models (p < 0.05). In contrast, rs7528684 exhibited an elevated risk of HNC in recessive and additive models; rs35829419 and rs6822844 were associated with an increased risk of disease in dominant and additive models (p < 0.05). Finally, an interaction was observed between the above SNPs and drinking (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results expand our knowledge on immune-related gene polymorphisms in HNC and provide clues for further functional study on the pathogenesis of HNC.

7.
Aging Ment Health ; : 1-8, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514889

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We investigated depression, cognitive reserve, and their interaction as risk factors for incident dementia among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: In total, 2099 participants, aged ≥65 years with no dementia during baseline assessment, who completed the follow-up two years later were included from the Cognitive Function and Ageing Study Wales. Baseline depression and dementia and dementia at follow-up were evaluated using the Geriatric Mental State Examination and the Automated Geriatric Examination for Computer Assisted Taxonomy. Cognitive reserve was measured by combining overall education, mid-life occupational complexity, and later-life social and cognitive activities. Risk of dementia in relation to depression and cognitive reserve was estimated using penalized maximum likelihood logistic regression. Interactions between cognitive reserve and depression were assessed using both multiplicative and additive scales. RESULTS: Baseline depression and low cognitive reserve significantly increased the risk of subsequent dementia at follow-up. No multiplicative interaction between cognitive reserve and depression existed. We observed an additive interaction between case-level depression and cognitive reserve. A significant association between depression and dementia was only found among people with low cognitive-reserve levels. CONCLUSIONS: Greater cognitive reserve attenuated the depression-associated risk of developing dementia. This suggests the need to emphasize prodromal dementia detection among older adults with lower cognitive reserve and depression.

8.
Trends Plant Sci ; 2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417079

RESUMO

Optical sensors and sensing-based phenotyping techniques have become mainstream approaches in high-throughput phenotyping for improving trait selection and genetic gains in crops. We review recent progress and contemporary applications of optical sensing-based phenotyping (OSP) techniques in cereal crops and highlight optical sensing principles for spectral response and sensor specifications. Further, we group phenotypic traits determined by OSP into four categories - morphological, biochemical, physiological, and performance traits - and illustrate appropriate sensors for each extraction. In addition to the current status, we discuss the challenges of OSP and provide possible solutions. We propose that optical sensing-based traits need to be explored further, and that standardization of the language of phenotyping and worldwide collaboration between phenotyping researchers and other fields need to be established.

9.
Adv Ther ; 38(9): 4859-4871, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351566

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To compare the outcomes of viscoelastic substance injection with air filling in the anterior chamber during foldable capsular vitreous body (FCVB) implant surgery in patients with severe retinal disease. METHODS: Thirty eyes with severe retinal diseases were randomly divided into two groups. In the viscoelastic group, 0.15-0.2 mL of 1.7% sodium hyaluronate was injected into the anterior chamber after FCVB implantation; in the air group, the anterior chamber was maintained by filling the air after FCVB implant surgery. The eyes of treated patients were examined during a 24-week follow-up appointment. Data, including intraocular pressure (IOP), the difference between preoperative and postoperative IOP, and postoperative complications, were recorded. RESULTS: Data collected from 27 eyes were used in the final analysis. The IOP of the air group was lower than that of the viscoelastic group from the first to third postoperative day (P < 0.01). Moreover, the difference between preoperative and postoperative IOP in the viscoelastic group was significantly smaller than that in the air group from the first to third postoperative day (P < 0.01). After the 1st postoperative week, postoperative IOP values were similar in the two groups (P > 0.05). Postoperative complications in the air group and the viscoelastic group included corneal blood staining (1 eye vs. 0 eyes), transient postoperative diffuse hemorrhage (5 eyes vs. 1 eye), inflammation reaction (9 eyes vs. 4 eyes), and postoperative fibrin exudation (4 eyes vs. 1 eye), respectively. CONCLUSION: The use of viscoelastic substances in the anterior chamber during FCVB implant surgery was associated with less fluctuation in postoperative IOP and could reduce postoperative complications. REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR-TNC-00000396.


Assuntos
Câmara Anterior , Corpo Vítreo , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Tonometria Ocular , Substâncias Viscoelásticas
10.
Spinal Cord Ser Cases ; 7(1): 70, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349097

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based retrospective epidemiological research. OBJECTIVES: To describe the epidemiological and demographic features of patients with traumatic cervical spinal cord injury in Chongqing, China from 2009 to 2018. SETTING: Army Military Medical University Xinqiao Hospital in Chongqing. METHODS: All patients diagnosed traumatic CSCI admitted to Xinqiao hospital from 2009 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Data elements referred from the International SCI Core Data Set, included date of birth, date of injury, gender, etiology of injury, vertebral injury, associated injury, ventilatory assistance, and neurological status were collected. RESULTS: A total of 503 patients with TCSCI met the criteria. The mean age of patients with TCSCI was 50.3 ± 13.9 years (15-85 years), and the male-to-female ratio was 4.7:1. Fall (67.2%) was the leading cause of injury, followed by transport (22.3%). The most common neurologic level of injury (NLI) was C5, accounting for 38.2%. The number of AIS D was the largest, accounting for 42%. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that TCSCI occurred most frequently in the middle age and fall was the leading cause of injury. The number of patients with TCSCI was larger in male than in female. The most common NLI occurred in C5, and AIS D had the largest numbers.


Assuntos
Medula Cervical , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Acidentes por Quedas , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/etiologia
12.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(16): 8039-8046, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34264012

RESUMO

RAD52 motif-containing 1 (RDM1), a key regulator of DNA double-strand break repair and recombination, has been reported to play an important role in the development of various human cancers, such as papillary thyroid carcinoma, neuroblastoma and lung cancer. However, the effect of RDM1 on osteosarcoma (OS) progression remains unclear. Here, this study mainly explored the connection between RDM1 and OS progression, as well as the underlying mechanism. It was found that RDM1 was highly expressed in OS cells compared with human osteoblast cells. Knockdown of RDM1 caused OS cell proliferation inhibition, cell apoptosis promotion and cell cycle arrest at G1 stage, whereas RDM1 overexpression resulted in the opposite phenotypes. Furthermore, RDM1 silencing leads to a significant decrease in tumour growth in xenograft mouse model. RDM1 also increased the protein levels of MEK 1/2 and ERK 1/2. All these findings suggest that RDM1 plays an oncogenic role in OS via stimulating cell cycle transition from G1 to S stage, and regulating MEK/ERK signalling pathway, providing a promising therapeutic factor for the treatment of OS.

13.
Front Oncol ; 11: 672586, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34136401

RESUMO

Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of death from cancer, and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common form. Despite the great advances that has been made in the diagnosis and treatment for LUAD, the pathogenesis of LUAD remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to identify the function of circKEAP1 derived from the exon of KEAP1 in LUAD. Methods: The expression profiles of circRNAs in LUAD tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues were analyzed by Agilent Arraystar Human CircRNA microarray. The levels and prognostic values of circKEAP1 in tissues and cancer cell lines were determined by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Subsequently, the effects of circKEAP1 on tumor growth were investigated by functional experiments in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, the dual luciferase reporter assay, RNA pull-down, and RNA immunoprecipitation experiments were performed to confirm the interaction between circKEAP1 and miR-141-3p in LUAD. Results: We found circKEAP1 was significantly downregulated in LUAD tissues and repressed tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, circKEAP1 competitively binds to miR-141-3p and relive miR-141-3p repression for its host gene, which activated the KEAP1/NRF2 signal pathway, and finally suppresses the tumor progress. Our findings suggest that circKEAP1 inhibits LUAD progression through circKEAP1/miR-141-3p/KEAP1 axis and it may serve as a novel method for the treatment of LUAD.

14.
J Thorac Dis ; 13(5): 3061-3069, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34164197

RESUMO

Background: Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are firmly identified with the event and improvement of tumors. Therefore, elucidating the functions and mechanisms of related lncRNAs is significant for understanding the occurrence and advancement of tumors. The recently discovered lncRNA TUC338 has been shown to play the role of an oncogene in an assortment of tumors. Be that as it may, the articulation and elements of lncRNA TUC338 in esophageal cancer are as yet hazy. This investigation plans to explain the capacities and related molecular mechanisms of lncRNA TUC338 in esophageal malignancy. Methods: Firstly, the expression of TUC338 in 50 instances of esophageal disease tissues and nearby tissues was detected by fluorescence reckonable PCR, and correlations with the clinic pathological characteristics of patients was further analyzed. Then, a lentiviral interference vector was designed and transfected into an esophageal cancer cell line, and knockdown was verified by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The effects of TUC338 knockdown on the proliferation, clone formation, and migration and infringement of esophageal malignancy cells were tested utilizing the CCK-8 assay, clone formation experiments, and Transwell experiments. Western blot detected the expression of invasion-related proteins. Results: Fluorescence reckonable PCR exhibit that TUC338 was exceptionally communicated in esophageal cancer tissues, and was significantly related with metastasis and TNM stage in tolerant. Functional experiments showed that in esophageal disease cell lines, knocking down the declaration of TUC338 significantly inhibited cell multiplication, clone development, and intrusion and movement. Further experiments on molecular mechanisms showed that knocking down TUC338 inhibited statement of N-cadherin and vimentin in cells. Conclusions: TUC338 is exceptionally communicated in esophageal malignancy tissues and can regulate cell proliferation and invasion.

15.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251090, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33974633

RESUMO

Noise-induced-hearing-loss(NIHL) is a common occupational disease caused by various environmental and biological factors. To investigate the association between TAB2 and the susceptibility of NIHL of people exposed to occupational environments, a genetic association study was performed on selected companies with 588 cases and 537 healthy control subjects. Five selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TAB2,incoluding rs2744434, rs521845, rs652921, rs7896, rs9485372, were genotyped after a collection of DNA samples. Evident differences in participants between the case group and the control group reveals the result that people with the TAB2 has a high probability of getting NIHL. The results show that rs521845 is deeply associated with the risk of NIHL and is available for the diagnosis in the future.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/genética , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto Jovem
16.
Anticancer Drugs ; 32(9): 950-961, 2021 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34016832

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the biological actions of circular RNA (circRNA) ArfGAP with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain 2 (circ_ASAP2, circ_0006089) in cisplatin (DDP) resistance of gastric cancer. Circ_ASAP2, ecto-5'-nucleotidase (NT5E) and miR-330-3p were quantified by quantitative real-time PCR or western blot. The measurements of the IC50 value and cell proliferation were done using 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cell colony formation, cell cycle distribution, apoptosis, migration and invasion were evaluated by the colony formation, flow cytometry and transwell assays. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm the targeted relationship between different molecules. The role of circ_ASAP2 in tumor growth was gauged by in vivo animal studies. Circ_ASAP2 and NT5E were overexpressed in DDP-resistant gastric cancer tissues and cells. Knockdown of circ_ASAP2 promoted DDP sensitivity, apoptosis and repressed proliferation, migration and invasion of DDP-resistant gastric cancer cells in vitro and diminished tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, NT5E was a downstream effector of circ_ASAP2 in regulating cell DDP sensitivity and functional behaviors. Mechanistically, circ_ASAP2 directly bound to miR-330-3p to promote NT5E expression. Furthermore, circ_ASAP2 modulated cell DDP sensitivity and functional behaviors by targeting miR-330-3p. Knockdown of circ_ASAP2 promoted DDP sensitivity and suppressed malignant behaviors of DDP-resistant gastric cancer cells through targeting the miR-330-3p/NT5E axis.

17.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 47(7): 2521-2528, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) is gaining importance, knowledge on transvaginal NOTES procedures in gynecologic practice is limited. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at evaluating the feasibility and safety of performing hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy (or bilateral salpingectomy) via transvaginal NOTES using a self-developed multichannel abdominal port and vaginal support ring. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, single-center, cohort pilot study was conducted from May to December 2017 in patients with benign uterine diseases or endometrial atypical hyperplasia or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (n = 30) scheduled for laparoscopic hysterectomy. The procedure was performed using a self-developed five-channel port and a vaginal support ring. RESULTS: Hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy (or bilateral salpingectomy) in all 30 cases (mean age: 51.43 ± 4.60 years and body mass index: 23.42 ± 1.45 kg/m2 ) were successfully performed completely under transvaginal NOTES. Mean operation time was 95.90 ± 14.60 minutes and mean blood loss during the procedure was 52.50 ± 19.20 mL. Average weight of specimen was 79.97 ± 35.48 g. Only one complication of bladder injury was noted and was rectified accordingly. Visual Analog Score (VAS) at first day after operation was 2.70 ± 0.72. After follow-up for 4.50 ± 1.85 months, all the patients' vaginal stump healed well without scar formation. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that use of multichannel abdominal port could make laparoscopic instruments easier to fix and operate wherein the vaginal support ring reduces the leakage of carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum. There was no scar on the abdomen and VAS was much lower. This study also demonstrated cosmetic benefits and rapid postoperative recovery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Abdome , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Histerectomia Vaginal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(6)2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846794

RESUMO

Following the publication of the above paper, a concerned reader drew to the Editor's attention that Fig. 5 contained apparent anomalies, including unexpectedly similar-looking cells and repeated patternings of the cells in terms of their layout/arrangement within the data panels. After having conducted an independent investigation in the Editorial Office, the Editor of Molecular Medicine Reports has determined that the above paper should be retracted from the Journal on account of a lack of confidence regarding the authenticity of the data. The authors were asked for an explanation to account for these concerns, but the Editorial Office never received any reply. The Editor regrets any inconvenience that has been caused to the readership of the Journal. [the original article was published in Molecular Medicine Reports 11: 931­939, 2015; DOI: 10.3892/mmr.2014.2819].


Assuntos
Abietanos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Humanos
19.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 645977, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33841474

RESUMO

Accurate acquisition of plant phenotypic information has raised long-standing concerns in support of crop breeding programs. Different methods have been developed for high throughput plant phenotyping, while they mainly focused on the canopy level without considering the spatiotemporal heterogeneity at different canopy layers and growth stages. This study aims to phenotype spatiotemporal heterogeneity of chlorophyll (Chl) content and fluorescence response within rice leaves and canopies. Multipoint Chl content and high time-resolved Chl a fluorescence (ChlF) transient (OJIP transient) of rice plants were measured at different nitrogen levels and growth stages. Results showed that the Chl content within the upper leaves exhibited an increasing trend from the basal to the top portions but a decreasing pattern within the lower leaves at the most growth stages. Leaf Chl content within the rice canopy was higher in the lower leaves in the vegetative phase, while from the initial heading stage the pattern gradually reversed with the highest Chl content appearing in the upper leaves. Nitrogen supply mainly affects the occurrence time of the reverse vertical pattern. This could be the result of different nutritional demands of leaves transforming from sinks to sources, and it was further confirmed by the fall of the JI phase of OJIP transient in the vegetative phase and the rise in the reproductive phase. We further deduced that the vertical distribution of Chl content could have a defined pattern at a specific growth stage. Furthermore, the reduction of end acceptors at photosystem I (PSI) electron acceptor side per cross section (RE0/CS) was found to be a potential sensitive predictor for identifying the vertical heterogeneity of leaf Chl content. These findings provide prior knowledge on the vertical profiles of crop physiological traits, which explore the opportunity to develop more efficient plant phenotyping tools for crop breeding.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 28(28): 38254-38262, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733414

RESUMO

Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is one of these hazards which has been the second most common sensorineural hearing loss. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) mainly refer to the polymorphism of DNA sequence caused by the variation at the genomic nucleotide level. The influence of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) variants on the risk of NIHL has not been studied. This research explored the association between HDAC2 and the development of NIHL. A total of 1146 industrial workers from one textile factory in east China were recruited to perform a case-control study. Basic clinical data such sex, age, smoking, and drinking was obtained by questionnaires; pure-toneaudiometry (PTA) tests were conducted by specialist physicians. Then, we performed genotyping of five selected SNPs (rs10499080, rs2475631, rs2499618, rs6568819, and rs3757016) in the HDAC2 gene in 600 NIHL patients and 546 controls. Finally, the main influences of the SNPs and their interactions with NIHL were assessed. Under the recessive model, there were statistically significant differences in the genotype frequencies of rs10499080 between two groups, and the results showed that individuals with rs10499080 CC+CT had a lower risk of NIHL (OR = 0.597, 95%CI = 0.357-0.998). Meanwhile, the significant difference in the genotype distributions between cases and controls was found in rs10499080 in the group with noise exposure of ≤ 16 years. But the following haplotype analysis showed that no association between all haplotypes in the HDAC2 gene and NIHL was been found. The genetic polymorphisms rs10499080 and rs6568819 within HDAC2 gene have an association with risk of NIHL. Workers exposed to noise with HDAC2 have a lower risk of NIHL.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/genética , Histona Desacetilase 2/genética , Humanos , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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