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1.
J Proteomics ; 210: 103438, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271902

RESUMO

Sperm motility is crucial for ram fertility; however, differences in the proteome of sperm with high- and low- motility in rams (Ovis aries) has yet to be achieved. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify and characterize ram spermatozoa proteins with different abundances between high- and low- motility, and identify of proteomic markers for ram spermatozoa motility using tandem mass tag (TMT) protein labeling and LC-MS/MS. In this study, the abundance of 150 proteins in high-motility (HM) ram sperm was significantly different compared with low-motility (LM) sperm. Proteins involved in sperm motility, mitochondrial activity, and spermatogenesis showed higher abundance in HM ram spermatozoa; proteins involved in protein processing and spliceosome were more abundant in LM ram spermatozoa. In conclusion, Phosphatidylethanolamine binding protein 4 is a potential proteomic marker for ram sperm motility; CCTs/HSPs are hallmarks of the LM spermatozoa in rams. Our findings highlight the functional differences between HM and LM ejaculated spermatozoa and has identified candidate proteins of interest linked to sperm motility in rams. SIGNIFICANCE: Inadequate sperm motility is one of the most important reasons for male subfertility or infertility. In this study, we found that the abundance of 150 proteins in high-motility ram sperm was significantly different compared with low-motility sperm. Proteomic biomarkers were discovered to reflect the motility variation in ram spermatozoa; these biomarkers may assist in illuminating the molecular mechanisms underlying sperm motility. This study expands the potential direction for sperm quality screening and animal breeding.

2.
Cell Death Differ ; 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685978

RESUMO

Cancer cells reprogram their energy metabolic system from the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) pathway to a glucose-dependent aerobic glycolysis pathway. This metabolic reprogramming phenomenon is known as the Warburg effect, a significant hallmark of cancer. However, the detailed mechanisms underlying this event or triggering this reprogramming remain largely unclear. Here, we found that histone H2B monoubiquitination (H2Bub1) negatively regulates the Warburg effect and tumorigenesis in human lung cancer cells (H1299 and A549 cell lines) likely through controlling the expression of multiple mitochondrial respiratory genes, which are essential for OXPHOS. Moreover, our work also suggested that pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2), the rate-limiting enzyme of glycolysis, can directly interact with H2B in vivo and in vitro and negatively regulate the level of H2Bub1. The inhibition of cell proliferation and nude mice xenograft of human lung cancer cells induced by PKM2 knockdown can be partially rescued through lowering H2Bub1 levels, which indicates that the oncogenic function of PKM2 is achieved, at least partially, through the control of H2Bub1. Furthermore, PKM2 and H2Bub1 levels are negatively correlated in cancer specimens. Therefore, these findings not only provide a novel mechanism triggering the Warburg effect that is mediated through an epigenetic pathway (H2Bub1) but also reveal a novel metabolic regulator (PKM2) for the epigenetic mark H2Bub1. Thus, the PKM2-H2Bub1 axis may become a promising cancer therapeutic target.

3.
Virol J ; 16(1): 141, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752902

RESUMO

Rice stripe virus (RSV) causes one of the most important rice virus diseases of plants in East Asia. However, the molecular mechanisms controlling rice resistance to RSV infection are largely unknown. Recently, several studies presented a novel model that melatonin (MT) and nitric oxide (NO) participate in the plant-pathogen interaction in a synergetic manner. In this study, there was a difference in MT content between two rice varieties that correlated with one being susceptible and one being resistant to RSV, which suggested that MT is related to RSV resistance. In addition, a test with two NO biosynthesis inhibitors revealed that NO inhibitor were able to increase the disease incidence of RSV. A pharmacological experiment with exogenous MT and NO showed that increased MT and NO in the MT-pretreated plants led to lower disease incidences; however, only NO increased in a NO-releasing reagent [sodium nitroprusside (SNP)] pretreated plants. The expressions level of OsPR1b and OsWRKY 45 were significantly induced by MT and NO. These results suggest that rice resistance to RSV can be improved by increased MT through a NO-dependent pathway.

4.
Plant Cell Physiol ; 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670803

RESUMO

Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins are helical repeat RNA binding proteins that function in RNA processing by conferring sequence-specific RNA binding activity. Owing to lethality of PPR mutants, functions of many PPR proteins remain obscure. Here, we report the function of PPR20 in intron splicing in mitochondria and its role in maize seed development. PPR20 is a P-type PPR protein targeted to mitochondria. The ppr20 mutants display slow embryo and endosperm development. Null mutation of PPR20 severely reduces the cis-splicing of mitochondrial nad2 intron 3, resulting in reduction in the assembly and activity of mitochondrial complex I. The ppr20-35 allele with a Mu insertion in the N-terminal region shows a much weaker phenotype. Molecular analyses revealed that the mutant produces a truncated transcript, coding for PPR20ΔN120 lacking the N-terminal 120 amino acids. Subcellular localization revealed that PPR20ΔN120: GFP is able to target to mitochondria as well, suggesting the sequence diversity of the mitochondrial targeting peptides. Another mutant zm_mterf15 was also found to be impaired in the splicing of mitochondrial nad2 intron 3. Further analyses are required to identify the exact function of PPR20 and Zm_mTERF15 in the splicing of nad2 intron 3.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726111

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: Tubal stump pregnancy is a rare variant of ectopic pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate laparoscopic surgery for tubal stump pregnancy and investigate postoperative pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: A university affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Patients (n = 42) diagnosed with tubal stump pregnancy. INTERVENTIONS: Data were extracted from the electronic medical records system of the hospital. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Patients diagnosed with tubal stump pregnancy between June 2010 and July 2018 were included. Data included demographic characteristics, gravidity and parity, history of pelvic surgery, clinical features, and treatment. All procedures were laparoscopic. Postoperative pregnancy outcomes were identified from electronic medical records or by telephone. Patients mean age was 30 years (range, 21-39 years). Twelve of 42 (28.6%) tubal stump pregnancies had ruptured ectopic pregnancy at the time of operation. The remaining 30 cases had intact stump pregnancy during surgery. Patients were followed for a mean 31 months (range, 10-60 months). Follow-up data were available for 33 of 39 patients (3 cases of heterotopic tubal stump pregnancy were not included in follow up data because all resulted in a live birth and had no desire for future pregnancy). Eighteen of 28 (64.3%) patients who attempted conception had intrauterine pregnancies during the follow-up period; of these 18 intrauterine pregnancies, 14 (77.8%) resulted in a live birth. There was one case of uterine rupture in a singleton pregnancy at 20+5 weeks that resulted in fetal death. Three of 18 (16.7%) intrauterine pregnancies ended in the first trimester with spontaneous abortions. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery is a feasible option for tubal stump pregnancy, associated with favorable pregnancy outcomes.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721297

RESUMO

The number of private healthcare facilities has rapidly increased since the progressive open market policies, which began in the 1980s; however, little is known about the development of private emergency departments (EDs). This cross-sectional study was part of the National Control Information System (NCIS) project, which collects data annually from hospitals across China. Emergency services data were extracted and included location, infrastructure, human resources, beds, and number of patients; 4529 hospitals across 31 provinces in mainland China were eventually included, consisting of 988 private and 3541 public EDs. Evidence shows that most private EDs are located in central China, where local economies are relatively developed. Most private EDs (91.6%) are found in secondary hospitals but have significantly fewer beds and smaller workforces compared with public EDs. An imbalance of emergency medical resources was observed across China, and this disparity becomes even more profound in rural hospitals. These findings may initiate collaborative, public-private partnerships in emergency health services provision and suggest there is a need to offer tax breaks to incentivize investors, but further research is required. We may also need to rethink health insurance policies, which could enable more equitable access to private emergency care. Future planning and health policies must be based upon the strongest available evidence, if we are to address imbalanced health services distribution and growing demand.

7.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4999, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676850

RESUMO

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen of humans, uses quorum sensing (QS) to regulate the production of extracellular products that can benefit all members of the population. P. aeruginosa can police QS-deficient cheaters by producing hydrogen cyanide, which is also QS regulated; however, the mechanism by which cooperators selectively protect themselves from the toxicity of cyanide remained unresolved. Here, we show that a cyanide-insensitive terminal oxidase encoded by cioAB provides resistance to cyanide, but only in QS-proficient strains. QS-deficient cheaters do not activate cioAB transcription. QS-mediated regulation of cioAB expression depends on production of both cyanide by cooperators (which is QS regulated) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) from cheaters (which is not QS regulated). This type of regulatory system allows cooperating populations to respond, via ROS, to the presence of cheaters, and might allow them to defer the substantial metabolic cost of policing until cheaters are present in the population.

8.
Biomark Med ; 13(16): 1387-1397, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631674

RESUMO

Aim: The value of the peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulation ratios and tumor diameter for prognosis in bladder cancer (BC) patients needs to be explored. Materials & methods: A total of 161 male BC patients and 68 male normal controls were retrospectively reviewed. The value of combining predictor consisted of both CD4+CD25+/CD4+ and computed tomography urography tumor diameter (CTU-D) on stage, overall survival (OS) and recurrence probability was analyzed by logistic regression, Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Results: The combining predictor was a statistically independent risk for stage; dramatic differences in OS and recurrence probability were found between the combining predictor-high (cut-off point >0.08) and combining predictor-low groups (cut-off point ≤0.08). Conclusion: The combining predictor could be a significant predictor for advanced stage, OS and recurrence probability in male patients with BC.

9.
Pharmacol Res ; 149: 104475, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593755

RESUMO

Selenium, at high-dose levels approaching its toxicity, protects tissues from dose-limiting toxicities of many cancer chemotherapeutics without compromising their therapeutic effects on tumors, there by allowing the delivery of higher chemotherapeutic doses to achieve increased cure rate. In this regard, selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs), which show the lowest toxicity among extensively investigated selenium compounds including methylselenocysteine and selenomethionine, are more promising for application. The key issue remains to be resolved is whether low-toxicity SeNPs possess a selective protective mechanism. p53 or p53-regulated thrombospondin-1 has each been confirmed to be an appropriate target for therapeutic suppression to reduce side effects of anticancer therapy. The present study demonstrated that SeNPs transiently suppressed the expression of many intestinal p53-associated genes in healthy mice. SeNPs did not interfere with tumor-suppressive effect of nedaplatin, a cisplatin analogue; however, effectively reduced nedaplatin-evoked diarrhea. Nedaplatin-induced diarrhea was associated with activation of intestinal p53 and high expression of intestinal thrombospondin-1. The preventive effect of SeNPs on nedaplatin-induced diarrhea was correlated with a powerful concomitant suppression of p53 and thrombospondin-1. Moreover, the high-dose SeNPs used in the present study did not suppress growth nor caused liver and kidney injuries as well as alterations of hematological parameters in healthy mice. Overall, the present study reveals that chemotherapeutic selectivity conferred by SeNPs involves a dual suppression of two well-documented targets, the p53 and thrombospondin-1, providing mechanistic and pharmacologic insights on low-toxicity SeNPs as a potential chemoprotectant for mitigating chemotherapy-induced diarrhea.

10.
BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care ; 7(1): e000728, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641525

RESUMO

Objectives: To evaluate the risk of cancers of digestive system with incretin-based therapies among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Research design and methods: Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov databases were searched for randomized controlled clinical trials that compared incretin-based drugs with placebo or other antidiabetic drugs. Paired reviewers independently screened citations, extracted data and assessed risk of bias of included studies. Network meta-analysis was performed, followed by subgroup analysis. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation system was used to assess the quality of evidence. Results: A total of 84 studies (n=101 595) involving cancers of digestive system were identified (a median follow-up of 30 weeks). The risk of cancers of digestive system with incretin-based therapies was comparable with insulin (OR: 0.86, 95% CI 0.27 to 2.69), metformin (OR: 0.32, 95% CI 0.07 to 1.38), sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (OR: 5.26, 95% CI 0.58 to 47.41), sulfonylureas (OR: 1.27, 95% CI 0.68 to 2.39), thiazolidinediones (OR: 0.42, 95% CI 0.13 to 1.42), alpha-glucosidase inhibitors (OR: 2.98, 95% CI 0.12 to 73.80), and placebo (OR: 0.87, 95% CI 0.71 to 1.05). The results of subgroup analysis based on the type of digestive system cancers indicated that incretin-based therapies did not increase the risk of gastrointestinal cancers, respectively. The results of subgroup analysis based on age, duration, mean HbA1c, trial duration, and sample size did not indicate the risk of digestive system cancers. Conclusions: Moderate to high Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation evidence suggests that incretin-based therapies were not associated with an increased risk of cancer of digestive system in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

12.
BioDrugs ; 33(5): 589-594, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542853

RESUMO

The authors unintentionally included in the meta-analysis both the initial abstract and the final paper of the study by Puertolas et al. [45, 48]. In order to remove this duplication, the following corrections are required.

13.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(10): 6578-6594, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449345

RESUMO

Quaking homolog (QKI) is a member of the RNA-binding signal transduction and activator of proteins family. Previous studies showed that QKI possesses the tumour suppressor activity in human cancers by interacting with the 3'-untraslated region (3'-UTR) of various gene transcripts via the STAR domain. This study first assessed the association of QKI-6 expression with clinicopathological and survival data from bladder cancer patients and then investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms. Bladder cancer tissues (n = 223) were subjected to immunohistochemistry, and tumour cell lines and nude mice were used for different in vitro and in vivo assays following QKI-6 overexpression or knockdown. QKI-6 down-regulation was associated with advanced tumour TNM stages and poor patient overall survival. QKI-6 overexpression inhibited bladder cancer cell growth and invasion capacity, but induced tumour cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. Furthermore, ectopic expression of QKI-6 reduced tumour xenograft growth and expression of proliferation markers, Ki67 and PCNA. However, knockdown of QKI-6 expression had opposite effects in vitro and in vivo. QKI-6 inhibited expression of E2 transcription factor 3 (E2F3) by directly binding to the E2F3 3'-UTR, whereas E2F3 induced QKI-6 transcription by binding to the QKI-6 promoter in negative feedback mechanism. QKI-6 expression also suppressed activity and expression of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) signalling proteins in vitro, implying a novel multilevel regulatory network downstream of QKI-6. In conclusion, QKI-6 down-regulation contributes to bladder cancer development and progression.

14.
PLoS Genet ; 15(8): e1008305, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374076

RESUMO

C-to-U editing is an important event in post-transcriptional RNA processing, which converts a specific cytidine (C)-to-uridine (U) in transcripts of mitochondria and plastids. Typically, the pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein, which specifies the target C residue by binding to its upstream sequence, is involved in the editing of one or a few sites. Here we report a novel PPR-DYW protein EMP21 that is associated with editing of 81 sites in maize. EMP21 is localized in mitochondria and loss of the EMP21 function severely inhibits the embryogenesis and endosperm development in maize. From a scan of 35 mitochondrial transcripts produced by the Emp21 loss-of-function mutant, the C-to-U editing was found to be abolished at five sites (nad7-77, atp1-1292, atp8-437, nad3-275 and rps4-870), while reduced at 76 sites in 21 transcripts. In most cases, the failure to editing resulted in the translation of an incorrect residue. In consequence, the mutant became deficient with respect to the assembly and activity of mitochondrial complexes I and V. As six of the decreased editing sites in emp21 overlap with the affected editing sites in emp5-1, and the editing efficiency at rpl16-458 showed a substantial reduction in the emp21-1 emp5-4 double mutant compared with the emp21-1 and emp5-4 single mutants, we explored their interaction. A yeast two hybrid assay suggested that EMP21 does not interact with EMP5, but both EMP21 and EMP5 interact with ZmMORF8. Together, these results indicate that EMP21 is a novel PPR-DYW protein required for the editing of ~17% of mitochondrial target Cs, and the editing process may involve an interaction between EMP21 and ZmMORF8 (and probably other proteins).

15.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 110, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appendectomy is considered the first treatment choice for appendicitis. However, controversy exists since conservative therapy is associated with fewer complications than appendectomy for patients with acute appendicitis (AA). This meta-analysis aimed to compare the outcomes between conservative therapy and appendectomy in the management of adult AA. METHODS: A literature search was performed to screen eligible clinical studies. Subgroup analyses of the uncomplicated population, complicated population and mixed population of randomized clinical trials were subsequently performed. Clinical outcomes included the overall effective rate of treatment, complication rate, relapse rate (reoperation rate) and overall length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: Eleven trials totalling 2751 patients (conservative = 1463, appendectomy = 1288) were analysed. Patients receiving conservative treatment had a lower overall effective rate (OR: 0.11 ~ 0.17) and complication rate (OR: 0.21 ~ 0.51). The conservative group had a higher reoperation rate (5.6, 95% CI: 3.1% ~ 10.2%) than the appendectomy group (OR: 9.58 ~ 14.29). Conservative treatment was associated with a shorter overall length of stay (0.47 day, 95% CI: 0.45 ~ 0.5 day) than appendectomy. CONCLUSIONS: For both uncomplicated and complicated adult AA, non-operative management with antibiotics was associated with significantly fewer complications and a shorter length of stay but a lower effective rate and higher relapse rate.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Apendicectomia , Apendicite/tratamento farmacológico , Apendicite/cirurgia , Tratamento Conservador , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Apendicectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Recidiva , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1382, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281315

RESUMO

The programmed cell death (PDCD) family plays a significant role in the regulation of cell survival and apoptotic cell death. However, the evolution, distribution and role of the PDCD family in lampreys have not been revealed. Thus, we identified the PDCD gene family in the lamprey genome and classified the genes into five subfamilies based on orthologs of the genes, conserved synteny, functional domains, phylogenetic tree, and conserved motifs. The distribution of the lamprey PDCD family and the immune response of the PDCD family in lampreys stimulated by different pathogens were also demonstrated. In addition, we investigated the molecular function of lamprey PDCD2, PDCD5, and PDCD10. Our studies showed that the recombinant lamprey PDCD5 protein and transfection of the L-PDCD5 gene induced cell apoptosis, upregulated the expression of the associated X protein (BAX) and TP53 and downregulated the expression of B cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) independent of Caspase 3. In contrast, lamprey PDCD10 suppressed apoptosis in response to cis-diaminedichloro-platinum (II) stimuli. Our phylogenetic and functional data not only provide a better understanding of the evolution of lamprey PDCD genes but also reveal the conservation of PDCD genes in apoptosis. Overall, our results provide a novel perspective on lamprey immune regulation mediated by the PDCD family.

17.
J Integr Plant Biol ; 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332949

RESUMO

In land plants, cytidine-to-uridine (C-to-U) editing of organellar transcripts is an important post-transcriptional process, which is considered to remediate DNA genetic mutations to restore the coding of functional proteins. Pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins have key roles in C-to-U editing. Owing to its large number, however, the biological functions of many PPR proteins remain to be identified. Through characterizing a small kernel4 (smk4) mutant, here we report the function of Smk4 and its role in maize growth and development. Null mutation of Smk4 slows plant growth and development, causing small plants, delayed flowering time, and small kernels. Cloning revealed that Smk4 encodes a new E-subclass PPR protein, and localization indicated that SMK4 is exclusively localized in mitochondria. Loss of Smk4 function abolishes C-to-U editing at position 1489 of the cytochrome c oxidase1 (cox1) transcript, causing an amino acid change from serine to proline at 497 in Cox1. Cox1 is a core component of mitochondrial complex IV. Indeed, complex IV activity is reduced in the smk4, along with drastically elevated expression of alternative oxidases (AOX). These results indicate that SMK4 functions in the C-to-U editing of cox1-1489, and this editing is crucial for mitochondrial complex IV activity, plant growth, and kernel development in maize.

18.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(5): e397-e400, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299790

RESUMO

The fourth ventricle outlet obstruction (FVOO) is a rare but well-established cause of obstructive tetra-ventricular hydrocephalus, characterizing with dilatation or large cerebrospinal fluid collection of the foramina of Magendie and Luschka. In children, it is usually the consequence of posterior cerebral fossa malformations; while in adult, the occlusion is rather acquired than congenital, mostly linked to an inflammatory process, intraventricular hemorrhage, head trauma, brain tumors or Arnold-Chiari malformation. However, idiopathic FVOO is extremely rare, and only 6 such cases have been reported in the English literature. Hereby, we described an extraordinarily rare case of idiopathic FVOO in a 15-year-old patient successfully treated with direct microsurgical excision of the obstruction membrane. Furthermore, the clinical characteristics and treatment for this rare disease were investigated and reviewed.


Assuntos
Quarto Ventrículo/cirurgia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Adolescente , Malformação de Arnold-Chiari/complicações , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/complicações , Humanos , Doenças Raras/patologia
19.
J Exp Bot ; 70(19): 5245-5258, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257441

RESUMO

Group II introns are ribozymes that can excise themselves from precursor-RNA transcripts, but plant organellar group II introns have structural deviations that inhibit ribozyme activity. Therefore, splicing of these introns requires the assistance of nuclear- and/or organellar-encoded splicing factors; however, how these splicing factors function remains unclear. In this study, we report the functions and interactions of two splicing factors, PPR-SMR1 and Zm-mCSF1, in intron splicing in maize mitochondria. PPR-SMR1 is a SMR domain-containing pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) protein and Zm-mCSF1 is a CRM domain-containing protein, and both are targeted to mitochondria. Loss-of-function mutations in each of them severely arrests embryogenesis and endosperm development in maize. Functional analyses indicate that PPR-SMR1 and Zm-mCSF1 are required for the splicing of most mitochondrial group II introns. Among them, nad2-intron 2 and 3, and nad5-intron 1 are PPR-SMR1/Zm-mCSF1-dependent introns. Protein interaction assays suggest that PPR-SMR1 can interact with Zm-mCSF1 through its N-terminus, and that Zm-mCSF1 is self-interacting. Our findings suggest that PPR-SMR1, a novel splicing factor, acts in the splicing of multiple group II introns in maize mitochondria, and the protein-protein interaction between it and Zm-mCSF1 might allow the formation of large macromolecular splicing complexes.

20.
ANZ J Surg ; 89(7-8): E297-E301, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31297940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between serum albumin level change (ΔALB) and post-operative complications in patients with normal preoperative serum albumin after gastrectomy of gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 193 patients undergoing curative (R0) gastrectomy from September 2015 to May 2017 were enrolled in this study. The risk factors for predicting post-operative complications were identified by univariate and multivariate analysis. The cut-off value and diagnostic accuracy of ΔALB were measured by receiver operating characteristic curves. ΔALB was defined as: (albumin level before surgery - albumin on post-operative day (POD) 1)/albumin level before surgery × 100%. RESULTS: A total of 60 patients (31.0%) had post-operative complications. Our results showed that the cut-off value of ΔALB was 19.0%. Using a cut-off value of 19.0%, multivariate analysis identified that ΔALB was able to predict post-operative complications as an independent factor (odds ratio 13.98, 95% confidence interval 6.048-32.32, P < 0.001). In addition, the area under the curve of ΔALB is higher than C-reactive protein on POD 3 (0.773 versus 0633). Compared with patients with ΔALB <19.0%, patients with ΔALB ≥19.0% have higher risk of post-operative complications suffered (62.3 versus 13.7%, P < 0.001) and longer post-operative stay (22.1 ± 13.5 versus 17.5 ± 4.2, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: ΔALB acted as an independent predictor in short-term complications for patients with normal preoperative serum albumin and its diagnostic accuracy was higher than C-reactive protein on POD 3. It is promising to be a precise and straight predictor for incidence of post-operative complications to patients with normal preoperative serum albumin.

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