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1.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 158: 937-944, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389656

RESUMO

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) film containing bovine bone collagen (BC) and nano-TiO2 were developed via casting method. The films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and their mechanical properties, barrier properties, thermal stability and surface color were investigated. The results showed that polymer matrices of HPMC and BC had good compatibility. The nano-TiO2 could be well embedded and dispersed in the matrix of HPMC/BC films, resulting in homogeneous, continuous and compact structure of the composite films. The addition of BC and nano-TiO2 significantly (p < .05) changed the surface color parameters of the films (p < .05). In addition, the introduction of BC and nano-TiO2 had a positive effect on the improvement of mechanical properties, barrier properties and thermal stability of the HPMC based films. The results suggest that HPMC based films containing BC and nano-TiO2 are more suitable for active packaging in the food industry.

2.
Biosci Rep ; 40(5)2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378714

RESUMO

Recently, microRNA-367 (miR-367) has been reported to function as both tumor suppressor and oncogene in several cancer types, including gastric cancer, hepatocellular cancer and lung cancer. However, the biological function of miR-367 and its precise mechanisms in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) have not been well clarified. The aim of the present study was to study the roles of miR-367/PIK3R3 axis in OSCC. The levels of PIK3R3 and miR-367 were detected by quantitative PCR assay in OSCC tissues and cell lines. Moreover, the biological roles of miR-367 and PIK3R3 in OSCC cells were assessed by cell proliferation and invasion. The mRNA and protein levels of PIK3R3 were determined by using quantitative PCR and Western blotting assays. Luciferase assays were used to confirm that PIK3R3 was one target of miR-367. In the present study, the miR-367 level was dramatically reduced in OSCC tissues and cell lines, and the PIK3R3 expression was significantly enhanced. What's more, the PIK3R3 expression was negatively related to the miR-367 level in OSCC tissues. Furthermore, up-regulation of miR-367 obviously restrained OSCC cells proliferation and invasion. We confirmed that miR-367 could directly target PIK3R3 by luciferase reporter assay. Besides, knockdown of PIK3R3 also could markedly inhibit the proliferation and invasion of OSCC cells. Finally, overexpression of miR-367 in OSCC cells partially reversed the promoted effects of PIK3R3 up-regulation. Overexpression of miR-367 restrained OSCC cells proliferation and invasion via regulation of PIK3R3.

3.
BMC Dev Biol ; 20(1): 8, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321445

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hair follicles are an appendage of the vertebrate epithelium in the skin that arise from the embryonic ectoderm and regenerate cyclically during adulthood. Dermal papilla cells (DPCs) are the key dermal component of the hair follicle that directly regulate hair follicle development, growth and regeneration. According to recent studies, miRNAs play an important role in regulating hair follicle morphogenesis and the proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of hair follicle stem cells. RESULTS: The miRNA expression profile of the DPCs from Rex rabbits with different hair densities revealed 240 differentially expressed miRNAs (|log2(HD/LD)| > 1.00 and Q-value≤0.001). Among them, ocu-miR-205-5p was expressed at higher levels in DPCs from rabbits with low hair densities (LD) than in rabbits with high hair densities (HD), and it was expressed at high levels in the skin tissue from Rex rabbits (P < 0.05). Notably, ocu-miR-205 increased cell proliferation and the cell apoptosis rate, altered the progression of the cell cycle (P < 0.05), and modulated the expression of genes involved in the PI3K/Akt, Wnt, Notch and BMP signalling pathways in DPCs and skin tissue from Rex rabbits. It also inhibited the phosphorylation of the CTNNB1 and GSK-3ß proteins, decreased the level of the noggin (NOG) protein, and increased the level of phosphorylated Akt (P < 0.05). A significant change in the primary follicle density was not observed (P > 0.05), but the secondary follicle density and total follicle density (P < 0.05) were altered upon interference with ocu-miR-205-5p expression, and the secondary/primary ratio (S/P) in the ocu-miR-205-5p interfered expression group increased 14 days after the injection (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, ocu-miR-205 promoted the apoptosis of DPCs, altered the expression of genes and proteins involved in the PI3K/Akt, Wnt, Notch and BMP signalling pathways in DPCs and skin from Rex rabbits, promoted the transition of hair follicles from the growth phase to the regression and resting phase, and altered the hair density of Rex rabbits.

4.
Brachytherapy ; 19(3): 380-388, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32249183

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the dosimetry, efficacy, and safety of radioactive 125I seed implantation (RISI) assisted by three-dimensional printing noncoplanar template (3D-PNCT) and CT for recurrent retroperitoneal lymphatic metastasis (RRLM) after previous external beam radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From June 2016 to August 2018, 32 patients with RRLM successfully underwent 3D-PNCT-assisted and CT-guided RISI. The dosimetry, pain relief rate, performance improvement rate, overall response rate, disease control rate, local control time (LCT), overall survival (OS), and safety profiles were evaluated. RESULTS: Dosimetric results showed that the D90, D100, V100, V150, V200, and homogeneity index were consistent in preoperation and postoperation (p > 0.05), except for the external index and conformal index (p = 0.048, p = 0.034). After RISI, 81.3% of the patients achieved pain relief, and 71.9% achieved an improvement of performance. The overall response rate and disease control rate were 85.3% and 94.1%, respectively. The LCT rates reached 66.2% and 43.2% in 1 year and two years, respectively, with a median LCT of 15.8 months. The OS rates were 74.1% and 28.1% in 1 year and two year, respectively, with a median OS reaching 17.6 months. Univariate analysis showed that when D90 > 130 Gy or D100 > 63 Gy or tumor size ≤49.8 cm3, LCT was extended significantly, but not for OS. Except for two patients developing Grade 1 retroperitoneal hematomas, no other severe adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: 3D-PNCT and CT guidance provide excellent accuracy for RISI, which can be an effective and safe alternative for RRLM after external beam radiotherapy. Radiation dose and tumor size seem to significantly influence the local control.

5.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(14): 7193-7200, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32195495

RESUMO

We report a joint negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy (NIPES) and computational study on the electronic structures and noncovalent interactions of a series of cyclodextrin-closo-dodecaborate dianion complexes, χ-CD·B12X122- (χ = α, ß, γ; X = H, F). The measured vertical/adiabatic detachment energies (VDEs/ADEs) are 1.15/0.93, 3.55/3.20, 3.90/3.60, and 3.85/3.60 eV for B12H122- and its α-, ß-, γ-CD complexes, respectively; while the corresponding values are 1.90/1.70, 4.00/3.60, 4.33/3.95, and 4.30/3.85 eV for the X = F case. These results show that the inclusion of B12X122- into the CD cavities greatly increases the electronic stability of the dianions. The effect of electronic stabilization for ß-CD is roughly the same as for γ-CD, both being considerably stronger than that for α-CD. Density functional theory (DFT) based geometry optimization reveals that B12X122- are inserted into CDs increasingly deeper from α-CD to γ-CD. The calculated VDEs and ADEs agree with the experiments well, particularly, reproducing the electron binding energy (EBE) trends. The molecular orbital analyses indicate that the most loosely bound photodetached electrons originate from the guest B12X122- moieties. In addition to a shift of all signals to a larger EBE, significant changes in the signal patterns are observed. At low EBE, this is due to the splitting of highly degenerate B12X122- orbitals, while at high EBE, photodetachment from CD oxygens contributes to the new bands. The guest B12X122- and host CD noncovalent, size-specific interaction based on the independent gradient model (IGM) and energy decomposition analysis (EDA) is dominated by electrostatic interactions. The analysis further unravels unambiguously the existence of dihydrogen bonding and how it affects the total energy that stabilizes the host-guest complexes of CDs·B12H122- compared to the general hydrogen bonding interaction in CDs·B12F122-. This work clearly exhibits strong influences on the electronic structures of dodecaborates upon clustering with CDs, with both size (α-, ß-, and γ-) and molecular (X = H or F) specificities, thus providing critical molecular-level information on the cyclodextrin-closo-dodecaborate interactions of interest to medical applications, e.g., boron neutron capture therapy.


Assuntos
Ânions/química , Compostos de Boro/química , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Química Computacional , Estrutura Molecular
6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160466

RESUMO

Design and construction of new functionalized supramolecular coordination complexes (SCCs) via coordination-driven self-assembly strategy is highly important in supramolecular chemistry and materials science. Herein, we present a family of well-defined metallacycles decorated with mesogenic forklike dendrons through the strategy of coordination-driven self-assembly. Due to the existence of mesogenic forklike dendrons, the obtained metallacycles displayed the smectic A liquid crystal phase at room temperature while their precursors exhibited the rectangular columnar liquid crystal phase. Interestingly, by taking advantage of the electrostatic interactions between the positively charged metallacycle and the negatively charged heparin, the doping of heparin induced a significant change of the liquid-crystalline behaviors of metallacycles. More importantly, the prepared liquid-crystalline metallacycles could be further applied for holographic storage of colored images. Notably, the rhomboidal metallacycle and hexagonal metallacycle gave rise to different holographic performances although they featured a similar liquid crystal phase behavior. Therefore, this research not only provides the first successful example of supramolecular liquid-crystalline metallacycles for holographic storage of colored images but also opens a new door for supramolecular liquid-crystalline metallacycles toward advanced optical applications.

7.
J Phys Chem B ; 124(13): 2560-2567, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155068

RESUMO

Ultraviolet radiation induced damage to DNA/RNA can lead to chemical modifications to the nucleosides, and understanding the excited states involved is the key to reveal the mechanism of those reactions. 5-Halogen cytidines are metabolized DNA/RNA nucleoside byproducts that exhibit very important biological functions in the process of nucleic acid methylation as well as DNA/RNA damage repairing. However, despite the accumulation of knowledge about their biological functions, the effects of halogen substitution on the excited states of canonical nucleoside have not received much attention. In this work, the excited-state dynamics of 5-fluorocytidine, 5-chlorocytidine, and 5-bromocytidine is investigated. Excitation at 295 nm results in a bifurcation event that leads to sub-picosecond decay to ground state and population of intramolecular charge transfer states which have several to tens of picosecond lifetimes. The results elucidate the general excited-state relaxation pathways in 5-halogen cytidines, and the intrinsic charge transfer state may affect the halogen bonding that stabilizes DNA and protein structures when 5-halogen cytidines are excited.

8.
Brachytherapy ; 19(1): 81-89, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653566

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CT-guided radioactive 125I seed implantation as a salvage treatment for locally recurrent head and neck soft tissue sarcoma (HNSTS) after surgery and external beam radiotherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: From December 2006 to February 2018, 25 patients with locally recurrent HNSTS after surgery and external beam radiotherapy were enrolled. All the patients successfully underwent CT-guided 125I seed implantation. The primary end points included the objective response rate (ORR) and local progression-free survival (LPFS). The secondary end points were survival (OS) and safety profiles. RESULTS: After 125I seed implantation, the ORR was 76.0%. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year LPFS rates were 65.6%, 34.4%, and 22.9%, respectively, with the median LPFS of 16.0 months. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates were 70.8%, 46.6%, and 34.0%, respectively, with the median OS of 28.0 months. Furthermore, univariate analyses showed that the recurrent T stage and histological grade were prognostic factors of LPFS, whereas only the histological grade was a predictor of OS. The major adverse events were skin/mucosal toxicities, which were generally of lower grade (≤Grade 2) and were well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Radioactive 125I seed implantation could be an effective and safe alternative treatment for locally recurrent HNSTS after failure of surgery and radiotherapy. Recurrent T stage and histological grade were the main factors influencing the efficacy.

9.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(1): 229-236, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31630263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the safety and efficacy of radioactive iodine-125 seed implantation (RISI) for the treatment of thoracic tumors. METHODS: Clinical patients with primary or metastatic tumors in the chest treated with RISI were analyzed. The RISI process included the following stages: preoperative planning, template design and 3D printing, CT-guided RISI assisted by a template, and postoperative dosimetric verification. The prescribed dose was ≥ 80 Gy. The main analytic measures were the local control (LC) rate and toxicity. RESULTS: From April 2015 to July 2018, a total of 92 patients, including 41 with lung cancer and 51 with lung metastases, were analyzed. The median lesion diameter was 5 cm. The median postoperative D90 was 142.6 Gy. The median follow-up was 10.7 months. The overall survival rates at 1 year and 3 years were 59.7% and 22.2%, respectively. The LC rates at 1 year and 3 years were 64.9% and 32.8%, respectively. The LC rates at 3 years for patients with D90 < 140 Gy and D90 > 140 Gy were 23.1% and 54.3%, respectively (P = 0.014). The LC rate of metastatic lung cancer was more favorable than that of primary lung cancer. The multivariate analyses showed that the dose and lesion type were independent factors for LC (P < 0.05). No factors were related to OS. The incidence of pneumothorax and hemoptysis was 35.8% and 3.2%, respectively. Few cases of radiotherapy-related toxicity effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: RISI may be safe and efficacious and is associated with few complications during the treatment of thoracic tumors. If patients need local treatment and surgery or radiotherapy is not available, RISI could be considered.


Assuntos
Radioisótopos do Iodo/administração & dosagem , Impressão Tridimensional , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Neoplasias Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Torácicas/radioterapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(1): 371-384, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746138

RESUMO

Excessive immune-mediated inflammatory reaction plays a deleterious role in ventricular remodelling after myocardial infarction (MI). Interleukin (IL)-38 is a newly characterized cytokine of the IL-1 family and has been reported to exert a protective effect in some autoimmune diseases. However, its role in cardiac remodelling post-MI remains unknown. In this study, we found that the expression of IL-38 was increased in infarcted heart after MI induced in C57BL/6 mice by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending artery. In addition, our data showed that ventricular remodelling after MI was significantly ameliorated after recombinant IL-38 injection in mice. This amelioration was demonstrated by better cardiac function, restricted inflammatory response, attenuated myocardial injury and decreased myocardial fibrosis. Our results in vitro revealed that IL-38 affects the phenotype of dendritic cells (DCs) and IL-38 plus troponin I (TNI)-treated tolerogenic DCs dampened adaptive immune response when co-cultured with CD4+ T cells. In conclusion, IL-38 plays a protective effect in ventricular remodelling post-MI, one possibility by influencing DCs to attenuate inflammatory response. Therefore, targeting IL-38 may hold a new therapeutic potential in treating MI.

11.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 1248, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The potential risk for cognitive impairment following surgery and anesthesia is a common concern, especially in the elderly and more fragile patients. The risk for various neurocognitive effects is thus an area of importance. The independent impact of surgery and anesthesia is still not known. Likewise, the independent effect of different drugs used during anesthesia is a matter of debate, as is the number and amounts of drugs used and the "depth of anesthesia." So, understanding the drug-related phenomenon and mechanisms for postoperative cognitive impairment is essential. This meta-analysis aims to compare the effects of propofol and sevoflurane anesthesia on postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients with lung cancer. METHODS: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis for controlled clinical studies. Public-available online databases were searched to identify eligible randomized placebo-controlled trials or prospective cohort studies concerning the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on postoperative cognitive function. The primary endpoints are postoperative mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores at various time points; the secondary endpoint is the serum S100beta concentration 24 h after surgery. Standard mean differences (SMDs) along with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted and analyzed using random or fixed-effects models. Analyses regarding heterogeneity, risk of bias assessment, and sensitivity were performed. RESULTS: We searched 1626 eligible publications and 14 studies of 1404 patients were included in the final analysis. The majority of included studies had been undertaken in Asian populations. Results suggested that propofol has a greater adverse effect on cognitive function in the elderly patients with lung cancer than sevoflurane. There were significant differences in issues of MMSE 6 h (11 studies; SMD -1.391, 95% CI -2.024, - 0.757; p < 0.001), MMSE 24 h (14 studies; SMD -1.106, 95% CI -1.588, - 0.624; p < 0.001), MMSE 3d (11 studies; SMD -1.065, 95% CI -1.564, - 0.566; p < 0.001), MMSE 7d (10 studies; SMD -0.422, 95% CI -0.549, - 0.295; p < 0.001), and serum S100beta concentration at 1 day after surgery (13 studies; SMD 0.746, 95% CI 0.475, 1.017; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Propofol has a more significant adverse effect on postoperative cognitive function in elderly patients with lung cancer than sevoflurane.

12.
Mediators Inflamm ; 2019: 9515346, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686988

RESUMO

Background: Interleukin-37 (IL-37) acts as an inhibitor of innate and adaptive immunity. However, the exact role of IL-37 in the patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) remains to be elucidated. Methods: Patients were classified into 4 groups: normal coronary artery (NCA), stable angina (SA), unstable angina (UA), and acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The circulating Treg, Th1, and Th17 frequencies were measured. The effect of IL-37 on stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and the influence of IL-37 on DCs were explored. In addition, the role of IL-37-treated tDCs on Treg cell expansion and the stability of these tDCs were also tested. Results: Our results showed that the circulating Treg frequencies were decreased, while Th1 and Th17 frequencies were increased in ACS patients, and that IL-37 expanded Tregs but suppressed Th1 and Th17 cells in activated PBMCs derived from ACS patients. Of note, IL-37-treated human DCs obtained a tolerogenic phenotype, and such tDCs promoted expansion of Tregs and decreased the Th1 and Th17 populations when cocultured with CD4+ T cells. Interestingly, IL-37-treated DCs from patients with ACS are phenotypically and functionally comparable to IL-37-treated DCs from NCA patients, and tolerogenic properties of IL-37-treated DCs were highly stable. Conclusion: In conclusion, our results reveal a beneficial role of IL-37 in the patients with ACS and suggest that autologous IL-37-treated tDCs may be a novel therapeutic strategy for the patients with ACS.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 14803, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616052

RESUMO

During radioactive Iodine-125 seed implantation (RISI), Iodine-125 radionuclide is implanted directly into a lesion and kills tumor cells by steadily emitting radiation. In our study, we analyzed the adverse effects of RISI for thoracic malignancy, and investigated the safety, dosage, and adverse effects of RISI for these cases. Between June 2007 and January 2018, 77 patients with thoracic recurrent and/or metastatic tumors who underwent CT-guided RISI were enrolled. Radiation-related adverse effects were analyzed, including pneumonia, esophagitis, hemorrhage, fistula, skin injury, heart injury, and spinal cord injury. We used the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.03 to evaluate adverse effects and analyzed the relationship between adverse effects and dosimetric parameters of organs at risk (OAR), including D0.1cc, D2cc, Dmean, and V20. The results of the study were as follows: The median follow-up period was 11 months. The median postoperative dose (D90) was 122 Gy (45.7-241.8 Gy). Three patients (3.9%) showed radiation pneumonitis of grade ≥2. Two patients (2.6%) showed radiation-induced esophagitis of grade ≥2. One patient (1.3%) showed an esophageal fistula. Two patients (2.6%) had a tracheal fistula. Five patients (6.5%) had radiation-related skin reactions. One patient (1.3%) reported chest wall pain, while three (3.9%) showed hemoptysis. No patients showed radiation myelitis or cardiotoxicity. The mean D2cc of organs at risk were 165.7 Gy (lung), 10.61 Gy (esophagus), 10.25 Gy (trachea), 18.07 Gy (blood vessel), 12.64 Gy (heart), 14.77 Gy (spinal cord), 17.47 Gy (skin). Dosimetric parameters, such as D0.1cc, D2cc and Dmean, were higher in patients with toxic reactions (above the upper limit of 95% confidence interval among the overall data). Chi-square test showed that skin D0.1cc > 600 Gy, D2cc > 500 Gy, and Dmean >90 Gy were associated with grade ≥2 radiation dermatitis (p < 0.05), but no clear dose-toxicity correlation was found in other OARs. So, we concluded that the overall incidence of toxicity and adverse effects from RISI for the treatment of thoracic tumors is low. The dose-toxicity characteristics have not been fully defined. Doses within the upper limit of the 95% confidence interval may be considered safe. This was a retrospective analysis, and follow-up period was minimal, indicating possible limitations of this study.

14.
Sci Adv ; 5(9): eaaw0672, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548981

RESUMO

NIR-II fluorescence imaging greatly reduces scattering coefficients for nearly all tissue types at long wavelengths, benefiting deep tissue imaging. However, most of the NIR-II fluorophores suffer from low quantum yields and/or short circulation time that limit the quality of NIR-II imaging. Here, we engineered a supramolecular assembly of protein complex with lodged cyanine dyes to produce a brilliant NIR-II fluorophore, providing a NIR-II quantum yield of 21.2% with prolonged circulation time. Computational modeling revealed the mechanism for fluorescence enhancement and identified key parameters governing albumin complex for NIR-II fluorophores. Our complex afforded high-resolution microvessel imaging, with a 3-hour imaging window compared to 2 min for free dye alone. Furthermore, the complexation strategy was applied to an antibody-derived assembly, offering high-contrast tumor imaging without affecting the targeting ability of the antibody. This study provides a facile strategy for producing high-performance NIR-II fluorophores by chaperoning cyanine dyes with functional proteins.

15.
Front Neurosci ; 13: 840, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440137

RESUMO

The high mortality and morbidity rate of stroke is a chronic problem that plagues human society. The activation of microglia is one of the principal reasons why neuroinflammation induces cerebral dysfunction. Because of their vital functions in the regulation of neuroinflammation, microglia constitute an important target for stroke. Given that there is an innate self-preservation mechanism between neurons and microglia, the transmembrane glycoproteins on the surface of their membranes, namely CD200 and CD200R, have become a popular topic of research. Numerous studies have demonstrated that CD200-CD200R interaction, microglial activation, and poststroke neuroinflammatory damage are inextricably linked. In this review, we describe the above relationship from a new perspective. We specifically focus on neuroinflammation after stroke. The role of crosstalk of CD200-CD200R inhibitory immune ligand receptors in immune regulation will also be illustrated. Thus, we will see how poststroke injury can be influenced by the CD200-CD200R crosstalk. Finally, we will discuss the possibility of clinical application of the result of CD200-CD200R interaction to manage neuroinflammatory injury after stroke.

16.
Hum Cell ; 32(4): 403-410, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278688

RESUMO

Liver fibrosis, a common pathological process in chronic liver diseases, is characterized by excessive accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins and considered as a wound healing response to chronic liver injury. Hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation plays a key role in liver fibrosis development. Previous studies showed that sulforaphane (SFN) has wide protective effects against tissue injury and inflammation. Accumulating evidence has shown that microRNAs play important roles in the development of hepatic fibrosis, some of which have been identified as potential therapeutic targets. This study was conducted to explore the role of SFN in the suppression of HSC activation. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that HSC miR-423-5p levels were up-regulated during HSC activation and down-regulated after SFN administration. Further, transfection of a miR-423-5p mimic demonstrated that inhibition of HSC activation by SFN required down-regulation of miR-423-5p. We showed that suppressor of fused is the direct target of miR-423-5p. SFN may play a role in inhibiting hepatic fibrosis by downregulating miRNA-423-5p. MiRNA-423-5p may be useful as a therapeutic target for treating hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Células Estreladas do Fígado/fisiologia , Isotiocianatos/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática/etiologia , Cirrose Hepática/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Depressão Química , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Isotiocianatos/uso terapêutico , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , MicroRNAs/genética , Terapia de Alvo Molecular
17.
J Cancer ; 10(16): 3767-3777, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31333794

RESUMO

Background: Marital status has been reported as an independent prognostic factor for survival in various cancers, but it has been rarely studied in renal clear cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In this study, we aimed to assess the impact of marital status on the survival of ccRCC patients. Methods: We retrospectively investigated the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database and identified 68599 of ccRCC patients between 1973 and 2015. These patients were divided into married, single, divorced and widowed groups. The survival differences among these groups were assessed by Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify the overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) independent factors. Furthermore, 1:1 propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to minimize the potential confounding factors. Results: Of the 68599 ccRCC patients, 44553 (64.95%) patients were married, 7410 (10.80%) were divorced, 10663 (15.54%) were single, and 5973 (8.71%) were widowed. The 5-year OS was 79.0%, 73.8%, 77.3%, and 66.4 % in the married, divorced, single, and widowed groups, respectively (p = 0.001) and the corresponding 5-year CSS rates were 85.5%, 83.3%, 80.8%, 76.5%, respectively. Multivariate Cox regression analysis marital status was the independent prognostic factor for OS and CSS. Compared with the married patients, the divorced, single, and widowed patients faced increased higher mortality risks for OS and CSS. In stratified analyses by sex, surgery conditions and cancer stages, those unmarried patients still had worse prognosis. The results were further confirmed in the 1: 1 matched group. Conclusion: Unmarried ccRCC patients experienced worse survival than their married counterparts. Among the unmarried patients, the widowed suffered the highest mortality risks for OS and CSS.

18.
J Chem Phys ; 150(24): 244305, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255059

RESUMO

We report a joint experimental and computational study on the electronic and geometric structures of a series of NaSn - (n = 5-9) clusters. Cryogenic, size-selective, negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy was employed to obtain their photoelectron spectra, in which distinctive spectral features with electron binding energy (EBE) up to 6.4 eV are unraveled. The EBE of the first peak in each spectrum for NaSn - (n = 5-9), assigned to the transition from the ground state of the anion to the ground state of each neutral radical, was observed to increase with cluster size. The vertical detachment energies (VDEs), measured from the first peak maximum, are 3.43 ± 0.02, 3.57 ± 0.02, 3.82 ± 0.03, 3.86 ± 0.02, and 4.00 ± 0.02 eV, and the adiabatic detachment energies (ADEs), determined from the onset of the first peak, are 3.27 ± 0.05, 3.44 ± 0.05, 3.65 ± 0.05, 3.75 ± 0.05, and 3.93 ± 0.05 eV, for n = 5-9, respectively. A number of low-lying isomers of the anions were screened and identified with density functional theory calculations, showing a structural preference of a chainlike polysulfide moiety electrostatically interacting with a sodium cation for all of the clusters. The CCSD(T)/aug-cc-pVTZ calculated VDEs and ADEs are in excellent agreement with the experimental results, confirming the identified isomers. Further analyses based on excited-state transitions, molecular orbitals, and natural population charges were performed, to assign and reveal the nature of all observed spectral bands. These computational results suggest that the electron detachment process and observed excitations are mainly derived from the polysulfide chain within each NaSn - cluster. This work provides a fundamental understanding of the intrinsic molecular properties of sodium polysulfide systems, which widely exist in life science and sodium-sulfur cells.

19.
J Phys Chem A ; 123(26): 5407-5417, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31187994

RESUMO

A fundamental understanding of the excited-state properties of molecular crystals is of central importance for their optoelectronics applications. In this study, we developed the electrostatically embedded generalized molecular fractionation (EE-GMF) method for the quantitative characterization of the excited-state properties of locally excited molecular clusters. The accuracy of the EE-GMF method is systematically assessed for oligoacene crystals. Our result demonstrates that the EE-GMF method is capable of providing the lowest vertical singlet (S1) and triplet excitation energies (T1), in excellent agreement with the full-system quantum mechanical calculations. Using this method, we also investigated the performance of different density functionals in predicting the excited-state properties of the oligoacene crystals. Among the 13 tested functionals, B3LYP and MN15 give the two lowest overall mean unsigned errors with reference to the experimental S1 and T1 excitation energies. The EE-GMF approach can be readily utilized for studying the excited-state properties of large-scale organic solids at diverse ab initio levels.

20.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 136: 839-846, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228501

RESUMO

Antimicrobial bio-nanocomposite films were prepared by incorporating nisin (0.25-0.5% W/W) and ε-polylysine (PL, 0.2% W/W) into corn distarch phosphate/nanocrystalline cellulose based films (CN) via casting method. Nisin and PL had significant effects on color parameters (L*, a*, b* and ∆E*) and improved the mechanical, barrier properties, thermal stability of the films. The CN bio-nanocomposite films incorporation the combination of nisin and PL had synergistic antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus) and Gram-negative bacteria (E. coli). Structural property assessment by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed that a clear interaction between the hydroxyl groups of corn distarch phosphate and the amino groups of nisin and PL, leading to the microstructure of the CN bio-nanocomposite films with appropriate content of nisin and PL was more continuous and compact. These results indicate that the CN bio-nanocomposite films containing nisin and PL is a potential active packaging material with enhanced physicochemical properties in food industry.


Assuntos
Celulose/química , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Nanocompostos/química , Nisina/química , Polilisina/química , Amido/química , Zea mays/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cor , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Embalagem de Alimentos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Propriedades de Superfície , Temperatura
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