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1.
J Gastrointest Oncol ; 13(4): 1818-1831, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092342

RESUMO

Background: Preventive ileostomy (PI) is conventionally performed to prevent anastomotic leakage (AL) after laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) for low rectal cancer; however, secondary surgery is required to remove the ostomy tube. We designed a new type of ostomy, transcecum catheterization ileostomy (TCI) to prevent AL. Its principle is similar to PI, but no secondary operation is needed. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of TCI in AL prevention. Methods: We analyzed the data of patients who underwent LTME with low anastomosis in Chongqing University Cancer Hospital from October 2015 to August 2021. Patients were divided into three groups according to their choice: those who underwent TCI (TCI group), those who underwent PI (PI group), and those who undergo none (C group). Intra-operation situation, postoperative efficacy and safety indicators were compared between three groups. Results: Out of the total 534 patients included, 171 underwent TCI, 156 underwent PI, and 207 underwent none. No statistically difference was noted in baseline characteristics between three groups (all P>0.05). Operation time was longer in TCI group and PI group than in C group (P<0.001). No difference was noted in intraoperative blood loss or the number of lymph nodes dissected (P=0.685 and P=0.153). Moreover, no difference was noted in the serum levels of immune cells on postoperative day 1, 3, and 7 (all P>0.05) or in the levels of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and interleukin 6 (IL-6; all P>0.05). No difference was noted in postoperative incision, pulmonary infection rates and intestinal obstruction incidence (P=0.530, P=0.971, and P=0.938). AL incidence and AL-related reoperation rates were lower in TCI or PI group (P=0.002 and P<0.001). The rate of anastomotic stricture was lower in TCI group than in the other two groups (P<0.001). Conclusions: TCI is effective to prevent AL when performed during LTME. But TCI cannot completely avoid AL. When AL occurs, TCI can reduce the degree of abdominal infection and the secondary surgical rate related AL. TCI presents an alternative option to PI, that does not require secondary operation. Therefore, TCI is safe and worthy of application.

2.
Food Chem ; 401: 134117, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096001

RESUMO

Although nanocomposite films had shown excellent potential in antibacterial food packaging, their potential harmful impact limits their further application in reality. Therefore, exploring a Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) nanomaterial that has antibacterial ability is the pioneer for the fabrication of a real edible nanocomposite-based antibacterial packaging film. Herein, for the first time by using the natural nanostructure extracted from cuttlefish ink, an edible antibacterial food packaging with high safety were constructed. The natural melanin nanoparticles (NMPs) in cuttlefish ink have good photothermal conversion ability. As such, by incorporating with natural pectin (PC) film and with near infrared (NIR) irradiation triggering, the results show that PC/NMPs films perform high-efficiency and short-term bactericidal activity against foodborne pathogenic bacteria, including thermotolerant Listeria monocytogenes. The sterilization rate could reach more than 90 % within only 5 min. Also, this nanocomposite film showed better mechanical properties, thermal stability and barrier properties than the neat pectin film. Antibacterial test on food sample also proved the good antibacterial ability of the PC/NMPs films. Therefore, exploring GRAS natural functional nanocomposite film is expected to be the effective way to promote edible nano-antibacterial packaging.

3.
Phys Rev E ; 106(2-1): 024404, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109974

RESUMO

Acylphosphatase (AcP) is a small protein with 98 amino acid residues that catalyzes the hydrolysis of carboxyl-phosphate bonds. AcP is a typical two-state protein with slow folding rate due to its relatively large contact order in the native structure. The mechanical properties and unfolding behavior of AcP has been studied by atomic force microscope. Here using stable magnetic tweezers, we measured the force-dependent folding rates within a force range 1-3 pN, and unfolding rates 15-40 pN. The obtained unfolding rates show different force sensitivities at forces below and above ∼27 pN, which determines a free-energy landscape with two energy barriers. Our results indicate that the free-energy landscape of small globule proteins have general Bactrian camel shape, and large contact order of the native state produces a high barrier dominate at low forces.


Assuntos
Dobramento de Proteína , Proteínas , Hidrolases Anidrido Ácido , Aminoácidos , Fosfatos , Proteínas/química
4.
Front Immunol ; 13: 985792, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36059486

RESUMO

Retinoic acid inducible gene-I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLRs) are viral RNA sensors that regulate host interferon (IFN)-mediated antiviral signaling. LGP2 (laboratory genetics and physiology 2) lacks the N-terminal caspase activation and recruitment domains (CARDs) responsible for signaling transduction in the other two RLR proteins, RIG-I and melanoma differentiation associated gene-5 (MDA5). How LGP2 regulates IFN signaling is controversial, and inconsistent results have often been obtained in overexpression assays when performed in fish cells and mammalian cells. Here we report that the differential sensitivity of fish cells and mammalian cells to poly(I:C) transfection conceals the function conservation of zebrafish and human LGP2. In fish cells, overexpression of zebrafish or human LGP2 initially activates IFN signaling in a dose-dependent manner, followed by inhibition at a critical threshold of LGP2 expression. A similar trend exists for LGP2-dependent IFN induction in response to stimulation by low and high concentrations of poly(I:C). In contrast, overexpression of zebrafish or human LGP2 alone in mammalian cells does not activate IFN signaling, but co-stimulation with very low or very high concentrations of poly(I:C) shows LGP2-dependent enhancement or inhibition of IFN signaling, respectively. Titration assays show that LGP2 promotes MDA5 signaling in mammalian cells mainly under low concentration of poly(I:C) and inhibits RIG-I/MDA5 signaling mainly under high concentration of poly(I:C). Our results suggest that fish and human LGP2s switch regulatory roles from a positive one to a negative one in increasing concentrations of poly(I:C)-triggered IFN response.


Assuntos
Poli I-C , RNA Helicases , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Antivirais/metabolismo , Humanos , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/genética , Interferons , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Poli I-C/farmacologia , RNA Helicases/genética , RNA Helicases/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(36): 16316-16324, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047787

RESUMO

We report here an efficient and highly diastereoselective intermolecular anti-Markovnikov hydroamination of unactivated alkenes with aliphatic azides in the presence of silane. The system tolerates a wide range of azides and alkenes and operates with alkene as limiting reagent. Mechanistic studies suggest a radical chain pathway that involves aminium radical formation, radical addition to alkenes and HAT from silane to ß-aminium alkyl radical. The use of sterically bulky silane is proposed to contribute to the excellent diastereoselectivity for HAT. Computational analysis uncovers the reaction pathway of aliphatic azide activation with silyl radical for aminyl radical formation.


Assuntos
Alcenos , Azidas , Indicadores e Reagentes , Silanos
7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(36): 40834-40840, 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053002

RESUMO

The broad application of peroxymonosulfate (PMS)-assisted oxidation by heterogeneous catalysts for contaminant removal suffers from the limitation of low PMS decomposition efficiency and consequent excessive electrolyte residues. In this work, we report that a micrometer-scale superstructured Ni-N-C catalyst Ni-NCNT/CB with a nanotube-array surface layer exhibits ultrahigh m-cresol removal efficiency with low PMS input and possesses ∼17-fold higher catalytic specific activity (reaction rate constant normalized to per Ni-Nx site) compared to the traditional Ni-SAC catalyst. Electron paramagnetic resonance results indicate that 1O2 is the dominant oxygen species, and Ni-NCNT/CB with a space-confined layer exhibits high 1O2 utilization for m-cresol degradation. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and a normalized k value of Ni-NCNT/CB confirm the spatial confinement effect on the catalyst surface, which is beneficial for regulating the mass transfer and exerting the high activity of active sites. This study gives a new application for spatial confinement, and the configuration of Ni-NCNT/CB may guide a rational catalyst design for AOP wastewater treatment.

8.
Front Immunol ; 13: 934444, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081497

RESUMO

Neutrophils are the most abundant leukocyte in human blood. They are critical for fighting infections and are involved in inflammatory diseases. Mitochondria are indispensable for eukaryotic cells, as they control the biochemical processes of respiration and energy production. Mitochondria in neutrophils have been underestimated since glycolysis is a major metabolic pathway for fuel production in neutrophils. However, several studies have shown that mitochondria are greatly involved in multiple neutrophil functions as well as neutrophil-related diseases. In this review, we focus on how mitochondrial components, metabolism, and related genes regulate neutrophil functions and relevant diseases.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias , Neutrófilos , Humanos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neutrófilos/metabolismo
9.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36070092

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the diagnostic efficiency of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT for functional nodules in primary aldosteronism (PA). Furthermore, we compared the correlation of CXCR4 expression with aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) expression and PET/CT uptake in these patients. METHODS: We prospectively assessed 50 patients diagnosed with PA and 10 patients with non-functional adrenal adenoma (NFA). All patients underwent 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT before adrenalectomy. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to detect the protein expression of CYP11B2 and the G-protein-coupled receptor CXCR4. RESULTS: CYP11B2 IHC revealed the presence of 43 functional nodules. Subsequently, 40/43 functional nodules could be detected on 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT, while negative imaging findings were noted for 11/13 non-functional nodules (sensitivity, 93.0%; specificity, 84.6%). The optimum SUVmax cut-off for the identification of functional nodules was 8.95 (AUC 0.914 [0.828-1.000], p < 0.001). Regarding the size of functional nodules, diagnostic efficiency appeared to be much higher for nodules greater than 1 cm in size (sensitivity, up to 97.3%). Moreover, we examined the relationship between CXCR4 and CYP11B2 expression in 56 lesions. All 43 CYP11B2-positive nodules were CXCR4-positive, but one of the 13 CYP11B2-negative nodules (7.7%) showed false-positive staining for CXCR4. Moreover, the consistency between PET/CT uptake and CXCR4 staining results was 92.9% (52/56). CONCLUSIONS: At least 90% of functional nodules show positive uptake on 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT, and the detection ability is much better for nodules with a diameter ≥ 1 cm. With its high sensitivity and specificity, 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT can be considered a promising surgical decision-making tool for patients with PA. KEY POINTS: • 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT could be a useful tool for the identification of functional adrenal nodules in APAs and even IHAs. • The diagnostic efficiency appears to be much higher for nodules ≥ 1 cm in size. • There is high consistency between the results of 68Ga-pentixafor PET/CT imaging and CXCR4 immunohistochemistry.

10.
Mol Metab ; : 101603, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126896

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Obesity-associated non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a leading cause of liver failure and death. However, the pathogenesis of NAFLD and its severe form, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), is poorly understood. The energy sensor, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), has decreased activity in obesity and NAFLD, but the mechanisms are unclear. Here, we examined whether obesity-induced miR-802 has a role in promoting NASH by targeting AMPK. We also investigated whether miR-802 and AMPK have roles in modulating beneficial therapeutic effects mediated by obeticholic acid (OCA), a promising clinical agent for NASH. METHODS: Immunoblotting, luciferase assays, and RNA-protein interaction studies were performed to test whether miR-802 directly targets AMPK. The roles of miR-802 and AMPK in NASH were examined in mice fed a NASH-promoting diet. RESULTS: Hepatic miR-802 and AMPK levels were inversely correlated in both NAFLD patients and obese mice. MicroRNA in silico analysis, together with biochemical studies in hepatic cells, suggested that miR-802 inhibits hepatic expression of AMPK by binding to the 3' untranslated regions of both human AMPKα1 and mouse Ampkß1. In diet-induced NASH mice, OCA treatment reduced hepatic miR-802 levels and improved AMPK activity, ameliorating steatosis, inflammation, and apoptosis, but these OCA-mediated beneficial effects on NASH pathologies, particularly reducing apoptosis, were reversed by overexpression of miR-802 or downregulation of AMPK. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that miR-802 inhibits AMPK by directly targeting Ampkß1, promoting NAFLD/NASH in mice. The miR-802-AMPK axis that modulates OCA-mediated beneficial effects on NASH may represent a new therapeutic target.

11.
Children (Basel) ; 9(9)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36138597

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between different physical fitness indices (PFIs) and psychological symptoms and each dimension (emotional symptoms, behavioral symptoms, social adaptation difficulties) of Chinese children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 7199 children and adolescents aged 13-18 in Jiangxi Province, China, were tested for grip strength, standing long jump, sit-ups, sit and reach, repeated straddling, 50 m run, 20 m shuttle run test (20 m SRT) items. The physical fitness indicators were standardized, converted to Z score and added up to obtain the PFI, and the self-assessment of the psychological section of the multidimensional sub-health questionnaire of adolescents (MSQA) to test the psychological symptoms, using the chi-square test to determine the psychological symptoms of different types of children and adolescents and binary logistic regression analysis to determine the association between psychological symptoms and different PFI grades. RESULTS: The higher the PFI of Chinese children and adolescents, the lower the detection rate of psychological symptoms, emotional symptoms and social adaptation difficulties, from 25.0% to 18.4%, 31.3% to 25.7% and 20.1% to 14.4%, respectively. These results were statistically significant (χ2 = 14.073, 9.332, 12.183, p < 0.05). Taking the high-grade PFI as a reference, binary logistic regression analysis was performed. Generally, compared with the high-grade PFI, children and adolescents with a low-grade PFI (OR = 1.476, 95% CI: 1.200-1.814) or medium-grade PFI (OR = 1.195, 95% CI: 1.010-1.413) had a higher risk of psychological symptoms (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The lower the PFI of Chinese children and adolescents, the higher the detection rate of psychological symptoms, showing a negative correlation. In the future, measures should be taken to improve the physical fitness level of children and adolescents in order to reduce the incidence of psychological symptoms and promote the healthy development of children and adolescents.

12.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 13(9)2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumatic muscle actuator (PMA) actuated multisection continuum arms are widely applied in various fields with high flexibility and bionic properties. Nonetheless, their kinematic modeling and control strategy proves to be extremely challenging tasks. METHODS: The relationship expression between the deformation parameters and the length of PMA with the geometric method is obtained under the assumption of piecewise constant curvature. Then, the kinematic model is established based on the improved D-H method. Considering the limitation of PMA telescopic length, an impedance iterative learning backstepping control strategy is investigated. For one thing, the impedance control is utilized to ensure that the ideal static balance force is maintained constant in the Cartesian space. For another, the iterative learning backstepping control is applied to guarantee that the desired trajectory of each PMA can be accurately tracked with the output-constrained requirement. Moreover, iterative learning control (ILC) is implemented to dynamically estimate the unknown model parameters and the precondition of zero initial error in ILC is released by the trajectory reconstruction. To further ensure the constraint requirement of the PMA tracking error, a log-type barrier Lyapunov function is employed in the backstepping control, whose convergence is demonstrated by the composite energy function. RESULTS: The tracking error of PMA converges to 0.004 m and does not exceed the time-varying constraint function through cosimulation. CONCLUSION: From the cosimulation results, the superiority and validity of the proposed theory are verified.

13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142497

RESUMO

Progressive loss and dysfunction of islet ß-cells has not yet been solved in the treatment of diabetes. Regenerating protein (Reg) has been identified as a trophic factor which is demonstrated to be associated with pancreatic tissue regeneration. We previously produced recombinant Reg3α protein (rReg3α) and proved that it protects against acute pancreatitis in mice. Whether rReg3α protects islet ß-cells in diabetes has been elusive. In the present study, rReg3α stimulated MIN6 cell proliferation and resisted STZ-caused cell death. The protective effect of rReg3α was also found in mouse primary islets. In BALB/c mice, rReg3α administration largely alleviated STZ-induced diabetes by the preservation of ß-cell mass. The protective mechanism could be attributed to Akt/Bcl-2/-xL activation and GRP78 upregulation. Scattered insulin-expressing cells and clusters with small size, low insulin density, and exocrine distribution were observed and considered to be neogenic. In isolated acinar cells with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) labeling, rReg3α treatment generated insulin-producing cells through Stat3/Ngn3 signaling, but these cells were not fully functional in response to glucose stimulation. Our results demonstrated that rReg3α resists STZ-induced ß-cell death and promotes ß-cell regeneration. rReg3α could serve as a potential drug for ß-cell maintenance in anti-diabetic treatment.

14.
J Clin Med ; 11(18)2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142933

RESUMO

The absence of clinically objective methods to evaluate adenomyosis-associated pain and the poor understanding of its pathophysiology lead to treatment limitations. We conducted a resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging study with 49 patients with pain-related adenomyosis and 30 pain-free controls to investigate brain morphological alterations and regional dysfunctions in patients with pain-related adenomyosis. These patients had significantly higher scores for anxiety and depression than the control group (p < 0.05). They also had a lower gray matter volume (GMV) in the bilateral insula, left angular gyrus, precuneus, left inferior temporal gyrus, and left postcentral gyrus (p < 0.05, AlphaSim corrected). Similarly, decreased voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity was observed in the bilateral insula, posterior cingulate cortex, middle frontal gyrus, and postcentral gyrus in the adenomyosis patient group (p < 0.05, AlphaSim corrected). Regional homogeneity showed significant differences mainly in the bilateral cerebellum, left inferior frontal gyrus, medial prefrontal cortex, and posterior cingulate gyrus. Correlation analysis showed that the degree of depression in patients with adenomyosis was negatively correlated with the GMV of the left angular gyrus. The results show that these patients exhibited changes in multiple brain regions associated with pain as well as emotion perception and processing.

15.
Nat Microbiol ; 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151403

RESUMO

Population antibody response is thought to be important in selection of virus variants. We report that SARS-CoV-2 infection elicits a population immune response that is mediated by a lineage of VH1-69 germline antibodies. A representative antibody R1-32 from this lineage was isolated. By cryo-EM, we show that it targets a semi-cryptic epitope in the spike receptor-binding domain. Binding to this non-ACE2 competing epitope results in spike destruction, thereby inhibiting virus entry. On the basis of epitope location, neutralization mechanism and analysis of antibody binding to spike variants, we propose that recurrent substitutions at 452 and 490 are associated with immune evasion of the identified population antibody response. These substitutions, including L452R (present in the Delta variant), disrupt interactions mediated by the VH1-69-specific hydrophobic HCDR2 to impair antibody-antigen association, enabling variants to escape. The first Omicron variants were sensitive to antibody R1-32 but subvariants that harbour L452R quickly emerged and spread. Our results provide insights into how SARS-CoV-2 variants emerge and evade host immune responses.

16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15878, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151467

RESUMO

We report acoustic impulse-response and system function of particle vibration inside viscous, dense solids and explain the physical mechanism of intrinsic-noise generation. With an external disturbance of a harmonic force acting on particles inside viscous solid media, the system of particle vibration goes through a gradual transition from a static state to a steady harmonic vibrational state. Based on the damped oscillator model, the transition frequency spectrum resembles the intrinsic noise generated by vibrating particles in viscous isotropic solids, which delivers a crucial understanding for applications to invert stratum characteristics around the drilled oil well and its abnormal geological structure.

17.
Plants (Basel) ; 11(17)2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36079643

RESUMO

A viral chimera in which the P1-HCPro bi-cistron of a plum pox virus construct (PPV-GFP) was replaced by that of potato virus Y (PVY) spread slowly systemically in Nicotiana benthamiana plants and accumulated to levels that were 5-10% those of parental PPV-GFP. We tested whether consecutive mechanical passages could increase its virulence, and found that after several passages, chimera titers rose and symptoms increased. We sequenced over half the genome of passaged chimera lineages infecting two plants. The regions sequenced were 5'NCR-P1-HCPro-P3; Vpg/NIa; GFP-CP, because of being potential sites for mutations/deletions leading to adaptation. We found few substitutions, all non-synonymous: two in one chimera (nt 2053 HCPro, and 5733 Vpg/NIa), and three in the other (2359 HCPro, 5729 Vpg/NIa, 9466 CP). HCPro substitutions 2053 AUU(Ile)→ACU(Thr), and 2359 CUG(Leu)→CGG(Arg) occurred at positions where single nucleotide polymorphisms were observed in NGS libraries of sRNA reads from agroinfiltrated plants (generation 1). Remarkably, position 2053 was the only one in the sequenced protein-encoding genome in which polymorphisms were common to the four libraries, suggesting that selective pressure existed to alter that specific nucleotide, previous to any passage. Mutations 5729 and 5733 in the Vpg by contrast did not correlate with polymorphisms in generation 1 libraries. Reverse genetics showed that substitution 2053 alone increased several-fold viral local accumulation, speed of systemic spread, and systemic titers.

18.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15202, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075952

RESUMO

The incorporation of animal manure (AM) in soil plays an essential role in soil carbon sequestration but might induce higher soil nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. The use of nitrification inhibitors (NI) is an effective strategy to abate N2O emission in agro-ecosystems. However, very few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of applying NI under the combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers for increasing soil carbon sequestration and reducing N2O emissions simultaneously in Northeast China. Here, a four-year field experiment was conducted with three treatments [inorganic fertilizer (NPK), inorganic fertilizer + manure (NPKM), and inorganic fertilizer with NI + manure (NPKI + M)], in a rainfed maize cropping system in Northeast China. Plots of different treatments were kept in the same locations for 4 years. Gas samples were collected using the static closed chamber technique, and nitrous oxide (N2O) concentration in gas samples was quantified using a gas chromatograph. Soil organic carbon sequestration rate (SOCSR) was calculated based on the changes in SOC from April 2012 to October 2015. Averaged over the four years, AM incorporation significantly increased soil N2O emissions by 25.8% (p < 0.05), compared to NPK treatment. DMPP (3,4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate) significantly decreased N2O emissions by 32.5% (p < 0.05) relative to NPKM treatment. SOC content was significantly elevated by 24.1% in the NPKI + M treatment than the NPK treatment after four years of manure application (p < 0.05). The annual topsoil SOCSR for the NPKM and NPKI + M treatments was 0.57 Mg ha-1 yr-1 and 1.02 Mg ha-1 yr-1, respectively, which were significantly higher than that of NPK treatment (- 0.61 Mg ha-1 yr-1, p < 0.05). AM addition significantly increased the aboveground biomass and crop yields of maize in the fourth year. Overall, combined application of DMPP, inorganic fertilizer and AM is strongly recommended in this rainfed maize cropping system, which can increase maize yield and SOC sequestration rate, and mitigate N2O emission.


Assuntos
Esterco , Solo , Agricultura/métodos , Animais , Carbono/análise , China , Iodeto de Dimetilfenilpiperazina , Ecossistema , Fertilizantes , Nitrificação , Nitrogênio/análise , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Solo/química , Triticum , Zea mays
19.
BioDrugs ; 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36087245

RESUMO

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a severe respiratory disease associated with high morbidity and mortality in the clinic. In the face of limited treatment options for ARDS, extracellular vesicles derived from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC-EVs) have recently shown promise. They regulate levels of growth factors, cytokines, and other internal therapeutic molecules. The possible therapeutic mechanisms of MSC-EVs include anti-inflammatory, cell injury repair, alveolar fluid clearance, and microbe clearance. The potent therapeutic ability and biocompatibility of MSC-EVs have enabled them as an alternative option to ameliorate ARDS. In this review, recent advances, therapeutic mechanisms, advantages and limitations, as well as improvements of using MSC-EVs to treat ARDS are summarized. This review is expected to provide a brief view of the potential applications of MSC-EVs as novel biodrugs to treat ARDS.

20.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; PP2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129866

RESUMO

The multiobjective optimal control method optimizes the performance indexes of nonlinear systems to obtain setpoints, and designs a controller to track the setpoints. However, the stepwise optimal control method that independently analyzes the optimization process may obtain unfeasible and difficult to track setpoints, which will reduce the operation and control performance of the systems. To solve this problem, a multiobjective integrated optimal control (MIOC) strategy is proposed for nonlinear systems in this article. The main contributions of MIOC are threefold. First, in the framework of multiobjective model predictive control, an integrated control structure with a comprehensive cost function and a collaborative optimization algorithm is designed to achieve the coordinate optimal control. Second, for the time inconformity of setpoints and control laws caused by the characteristic of tracking control, the different prediction horizons are designed for the comprehensive cost function. Then, the collaborative optimization algorithm is proposed for the comprehensive cost function to achieve the integrated solution of setpoints and control laws to enhance the operation and control performance of nonlinear systems. Third, the stability and control performance analysis of MIOC is provided. Finally, the proposed MIOC method is applied for a nonlinear system to demonstrate its effectiveness.

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