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1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 438, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31974378

RESUMO

Dysfunction of invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells in tumor microenvironment hinders their anti-tumor efficacy, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we report that iNKT cells increase lipid biosynthesis after activation, and that is promoted by PPARγ and PLZF synergically through enhancing transcription of Srebf1. Among those lipids, cholesterol is required for the optimal IFN-γ production from iNKT cells. Lactic acid in tumor microenvironment reduces expression of PPARγ in intratumoral iNKT cells and consequently diminishes their cholesterol synthesis and IFN-γ production. Importantly, PPARγ agonist pioglitazone, a thiazolidinedione drug for type 2 diabetes, successfully restores IFN-γ production in tumor-infiltrating iNKT cells from both human patients and mouse models. Combination of pioglitazone and alpha-galactosylceramide treatments significantly enhances iNKT cell-mediated anti-tumor immune responses and prolongs survival of tumor-bearing mice. Our studies provide a strategy to augment the anti-tumor efficacy of iNKT cell-based immunotherapies via promoting their lipid biosynthesis.

2.
Fitoterapia ; 142: 104487, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31987981

RESUMO

Two new tetrahydrobenzocyclooctabenzofuranone lignans (1-2), a new dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan (3) and three new schiartane-type triterpenoids (4-6), together with six known compounds (7-12), were isolated from the roots of Kadsura longipedunculata. Their structures were elucidated by extensive NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopic data analysis. The absolute configurations of these compounds were determined by comparison of the experimental and calculated ECD spectra. Compound 12 exhibited moderate hepatoprotective activity against N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP)-induced toxicity in HepG2 cells with cell survival rates of 53.04%.

3.
Eur J Radiol ; 124: 108840, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981879

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To establish an accurate and reliable equation for kidney depth estimation in adult patients from different Chinese geographical regions. METHOD: This multicenter study enrolled Eastern Asian Chinese patients with abdominal PET/CT scans at 26 imaging centers from six macro-regions across China in 3 years. Age, gender, height, weight, primary disease and its extent on PET scans of the participants were collected as potential predictive factors. Kidney depth on CT, defined as the average of the vertical distances from the posterior skin to the farthest anterior and closest posterior surfaces of each kidney, was measured as the standard reference. The new kidney depth model was constructed using a multiple regression model, and its performance was compared to those of three established models by computing the absolute value of estimation errors in comparison with CT-measured kidney depth. RESULTS: A total of 2502 patients were enrolled and classified into training (n=1653) and testing (n = 849) subsets. In the training subset, two kidney depth models were constructed: Left (cm): 0.013×age+0.117×gender-0.044×height+0.087×weight+7.951, Right (cm): 0.005×age+0.013×gender-0.035×height+0.082×weight+7.266 (weight: kg, height: cm, gender = 0 if female, 1 if male). In the testing subset, one-way analysis of variance showed that the estimation errors of the new models did not significantly differ among the 6 regions. Bland-Altman analysis determined that new equations had lower estimated biases (left: 0.039 cm, right: 0.018 cm) compared with other existing models. CONCLUSION: The new equations were highly accurate for kidney depth estimation in adults from all over China, with lower estimation errors compared to other established models.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897824

RESUMO

The voltage-gated chloride channel (CLC) superfamily is one of the most important anion channels that is widely distributed in bacteria and plants. CLC is involved in transporting various anions such as chloride (Cl-) and fluoride (F-) in and out of cells. Although Camellia sinensis is a hyper-accumulated F plant, there is no studies on the CLC gene superfamily in the tea plant. Here, 8 CLC genes were identified from C. sinensis and they were named CsCLC1-8. The structure of CsCLC genes and the proteins were not conserved; the number of exons varied from 3 to 24, and the number of transmembrane domains contained 2 to 10. Furthermore, phylogenetic analysis revealed that CsCLC4-8 in subclass I contained the typical conserved domains GxGIPE (I), GKxGPxxH (II) and PxxGxLF (III), and CsCLC1-3 in subclass II did not contain any of the three conserved residues. We measured the expression levels of CsCLCs in roots, stems and leaves to assess the responses to different concentrations of Cl- and F-. The result indicated that CsCLCs participated in subfunctionalization in response to Cl- and F-, and CsCLC1-3 was more sensitive to F- treatments than CsCLC4-8, CsCLC6 and CsCLC7 may participate in absorption and long-distance transport of Cl-.

5.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(2): 198-204, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previously, dihydroceramide (d18:0/24:0) (dhCer (d18:0/24:0)) was reported to be a potential biomarker for acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) prognosis. In this study, we further explored the role of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in the progression of ACLF to validate the biomarker using ACLF rat model. METHODS: ACLF rats were sacrificed at 4 and 8 h post-D-galactosamine (D-gal)/lipopolysaccharide (LPS) administration to investigate the liver biochemical markers, prothrombin time and liver histopathology. Change in dhCer and other sphingolipids levels were investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Rats were treated with N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide (4-HPR) to examine the mortality rate and its role in improving ACLF. RESULTS: LPS/D-gal administration resulted in significant elevation in alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels. Prothrombin time was prolonged and histopathological examination showed abnormality. HPLC-MS/MS results showed total dhCer levels in ACLF group (64.10 ±â€Š8.90 pmol/100 µL, 64.22 ±â€Š6.78 pmol/100 µL for 4 and 8 h, respectively) were decreased significantly compared with control group (121.61 ±â€Š23.09 pmol/100 µL) (P < 0.05). In particular, dhCer (d18:0/24:0), dhCer (d18:0/20:0), and dhCer (d18:0/22:0) levels were decreased. Treatment with 4-HPR significantly increased the levels of dhCers, including dhCer (d18:0/24:0) compared with ACLF group, for the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in 4-HPR group was 20.10 ±â€Š8.60 pmol/100 µL and the level of dhCer (d18:0/24:0) in ACLF group was 9.74 ±â€Š2.99 pmol/100 µL (P < 0.05). This was associated with reduced mortality rate and prolonged survival time. The ALT and AST in 4-HPR group were significantly decreased compared with ACLF group. The prothrombin time of 4-HPR group (41.49 s) was significantly lower than the prothrombin time of ACLF group (57.96 s) (P < 0.05). 4-HPR also decreased plasma ammonia levels slightly, as the plasma ammonia levels in 4-HPR group and ACLF group were 207.37 ±â€Š60.43, 209.15 ±â€Š60.43 µmol/L, respectively. Further, 4-HPR treatment improved histopathological parameters. CONCLUSIONS: DhCer, especially dhCer (d18:0/24:0), is involved in the progression of ACLF. Increasing the levels of dhCer can reduce the mortality rate of ACLF rats and alleviate liver injury.

6.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1380, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31824317

RESUMO

Oxytocin (OT), a hormone synthesized within the paraventricular nucleus and supraoptic nucleus of the hypothalamus, when given intracerebroventricularly, induces strong scratching behaviors. However, it is not clear whether intradermal injection (ID) of OT elicits itch sensation. Herein, we found that OT (0.02 mg/ml) did not elicit an itch-scratching response in mice but aggravated chloroquine (CQ, 3 mmol/L)-elicited scratching behavior. Similar to OT, arginine vasopressin (AVP, 0.02 mg/ml), which is structurally related to OT, also enhanced CQ-induced scratching behavior but did not directly induce scratching behavior in mice. Mechanistically, OT-mediated enhancement of CQ-induced scratching behavior was significantly suppressed by conivaptan (0.05 mg/ml), a vasopressin-1a receptor (V1AR) antagonist and 1,400 W (3 mg/kg), inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), but not OT receptor (OTR) antagonist L-368,899 (0.05 mg/ml). Notably, conivaptan also directly decreased CQ-induced scratching. In conclusion, OT plays a role in CQ-induced scratching behavior via V1AR binding events. V1AR antagonists could be used as possible treatments for CQ-induced itch.

7.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 325, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827399

RESUMO

Background: The large involvement of long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) in the biological progression of numerous cancers has been reported. The function of lncRNA KCNQ1OT1 in bladder cancer (BC) remains largely unknown. This study aimed to explore the critical role of KCNQ1OT1 in BC. Materials and methods: The qRT-PCR was applied to test the expression of RNAs. Cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 and colony formation assays. Cell apoptosis was measured by TUNEL and flow cytometry experiments. Wound healing and transwell assays were employed to evaluate cell migration and invasion ability respectively. Western blot assay was used to measure relevant protein expression. Immunofluorescence (IF) staining was used to observe EMT process in BC. Results: KCNQ1OT1 was significantly overexpressed in BC tissue and cell lines. KCNQ1OT1 depletion repressed cell proliferation, migration and invasion, whereas encouraged cell apoptosis. KCNQ1OT1 was a negatively/positively correlated with miR-145-5p/PCBP2 in respect with expression. Mechanically, KCNQ1OT1 was sponge of miR-145-5p and up-regulated the expression of PCBP2. MiR-145-5p inhibition and PCBP2 up-regulation could countervail the tumor-inhibitor role of KCNQ1OT1 knockdown in BC. Conclusion: KCNQ1OT1 serves as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to up-regulate PCBP2 via sponging miR-145-5p in BC progression.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(19): 4249-4256, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872706

RESUMO

In this study,liquiritigenin sulfonation was characterized using recombinant human sulfotransferases( SULTs). The chemical structure of liquiritigenin sulfate was determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Then model fitting and parameter estimation were performed using the Graphpad Prism V5 software. Various SULT enzymes( SULT1 A1,1 A2,1 A3,1 B1,1 C2,1 C4,1 E1 and 2 A1) were able to catalyze the formation of liquiritigenin-7-O-sulfate. Sulfonation of liquiritigenin-7-hydroxy( 7-OH) by these eight SULT enzymes consistently displayed the classical Michaelis-Menten profile. According to the intrinsic clearance( CLint) value,the sulfonation rates of liquiritigenin-7-OH by expressed SULT enzymes followed the following rank order: SULT1 C4 > SULT1 A3 > SULT1 E1 > SULT1 A1 > SULT1 A2 > SULT1 B1 >SULT1 C2>SULT2 A1. Further,liquiritigenin-7-O-sulfonation was significantly correlated with the SULT1 A3 protein levels( P<0. 05).Then,human embryonic kidney( HEK) 293 cells over expressing SULT1 A3( named as HEK-SULT1 A3 cells) were conducted. As a result,liquiritigenin-7-O-sulfate( L-7-S) was rapidly generated upon incubation of the cells with liquiritigenin. Consistent with SULT1 A3,sulfonation of liquiritigenin-7-OH in HEK-SULT1 A3 cells also followed the Michaelis-Menten kinetics. The derived Vmaxvalues was( 0. 315±0. 009) µmol·min-1·g-1,Kmwas( 7. 04±0. 680) µmol·L-1,and CLintwas( 0. 045±0. 005) L·min-1·g-1. Moreover,the sulfonation characters of liquiritigenin( 7-OH) in SULT1 A3 were strongly correlated with that in HEK-SULT1 A3 cells( P<0. 001).The results indicated that HEK-SULT1 A3 cells have shown the catalytic function of SULT1 A3 enzymes. In conclusion,liquiritigenin was subjected to efficient sulfonation,and SULT1 A3 enzyme plays an important role in the sulfonation of liquiritigenin-7-OH. Significant sulfonation should be the main reason for the low bioavailability of liquiritigenin. In addition,HEK-SULT1 A3 cells were conducted and successfully used to evaluate liquiritigenin sulfonation,which will provide an appropriate tool to accurately depict the sulfonation disposition of liquiritigenin in vivo.


Assuntos
Flavanonas/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Arilsulfotransferase , Humanos
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4481-4485, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872636

RESUMO

Aromatic constituents from rhizomes of Sophora tonkinensis were purified by extensive chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over macroporous resin,MCI,silica gel,weak acid cation exchange resin,Sephadex LH-20,ODS,and semi-preparative HPLC. Twelve aromatic compounds were isolated and identified from the water aqueous extract of the rhizomes of S.tonkinensis. Their structures were elucidated as 4-( 3-hydroxypropyl) phenol( 1),( ±)-4-( 2-hydroxypropyl) phenol( 2),benzamide( 3),( ±)-3-( p-methoxyphenyl)-1,2-propanediol( 4),4-methoxybenzamide( 5),3-hydroxy-1-( 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) propan-1-one( 6),tyrosol( 7),( ±)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl benzoate( 8),vanillin alcohol( 9),7,3'-dihydroxy-8,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone( 10),7,4'-dihydroxy-3'-methoxyisoflavone( 11),and 7,3'-dihydroxy-5'-methoxyisoflavone( 12). Compounds 1-9 were firstly isolated from the Sophora genus. Compounds 4,5,10 and 11 can remarkably protect Hep G2 cell against APAP-induced damage at the concentration of 10 µmol·L-1. Compounds 1-12 exhibited no significant activities on the assays of inhibition of LPS-induced NO production in RAW cell lines and NF-κB inhibition.


Assuntos
Rizoma/química , Sophora/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Células Hep G2 , Humanos
10.
Oncogene ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659256

RESUMO

Recently, patients with advanced cancers have been benefited greatly from immune checkpoint blockade immunotherapy. However, immune checkpoint blockade is still suboptimal in HCC treatment and more immune modifications are needed to achieve an efficient therapeutic goal. Here, we investigated the combined administration of a Listeria-based HCC vaccine, Lmdd-MPFG, and the anti-PD-1 immune checkpoint blockade antibody. We found that Lmdd-MPFG promoted the expression of PD-L1 in HCC cells but resensitized the tumor local T cell to respond to the anti-PD-1 immunotherapy. Mechanistically, the Lmdd-MPFG vaccine activates the NF-κB pathway in the tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) through the TLR2 and MyD88 pathway, and recruits p62 to activate the autophagy pathway. The overall effect is skewing the TAMs from M2-polarized TAMs into the M1-polarized TAMs. Most importantly, it skewed the cytokine profiles into antitumor one in the tumor microenvironment (TME). This change restores the T-cell reactivity to the anti-PD-1 blockade. Our results suggested that Lmdd-MPFG combined with PD-1 blockade exerted synergistic antitumor effects through modifying TAMs in the TME and removing T-cell inhibitory signals, thereby providing a new potential strategy for HCC treatment.

11.
ACS Nano ; 13(10): 11334-11342, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589398

RESUMO

Polymer network gels usually exhibit spatial heterogeneity of local defects and cross-link density, which can affect their elasticity on the microscopic scale differently. The ability to evaluate the formation and distribution of these heterogeneities is important for guiding the application of gels in biology, medicine, and separation science. Previously, it has been reported that single-particle tracking based microrheology could provide local properties of gel networks with high resolution; however, the particle probes have been limited to spherical micro/nanotracers undergoing translational motions. In this work, we used single gold nanorods (AuNRs) as rotational microrheology probes to study the polyacrylamide gelation process by dual-channel polarization dark-field microscopy. The AuNRs were in Brownian motion during the initial stages of the gelation. As the reaction continues, individual AuNRs are confined locally and almost lost translational motion, but still maintained rotational motion. As the reaction proceeded further, the rotation state of the AuNRs gradually changed from free rotation in 3D to restricted rotation in 2D and eventually stopped completely. The appearance of the intermediate 2D plane indicated the existence of localized anisotropic compression of the gel during the heterogeneous gelation process. Our method can be further applied to investigate the formation of different polymer gels and a wide variety of heterogeneous biophysical and soft material systems.

12.
J Nat Prod ; 82(10): 2842-2851, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556297

RESUMO

Three new tetrahydrobenzocyclooctabenzofuranone lignan glucosides, longipedunculatins A-C (1-3), a new dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan glucoside, longipedunculatin D (4), a new dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan (5), five new tetrahydrobenzocyclooctabenzofuranone lignans (6-10), and two new simple lignans (11, 12) were isolated from the roots of Kadsura longipedunculata. Their structures and absolute configurations were established using a combination of MS, NMR, and experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism data. Compound 7 showed moderate hepatoprotective activity against N-acetyl-p-aminophenol-induced toxicity in HepG2 cells with a cell survival rate at 10 µM of 50.8%. Compounds 2, 7, and 12 showed significant in vitro inhibitory effects with an inhibition rate of 55.1%, 74.9%, and 89.8% on nitric oxide production assays at 10 µM.

13.
Food Funct ; 10(10): 6374-6384, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508643

RESUMO

Data indicate that intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) in newborns can be partly alleviated through the supply of l-arginine (Arg) and N-carbamylglutamate (NCG). The current work aimed to explore whether Arg and NCG promote intestinal function by regulating antioxidant capacity in suckling lambs with IUGR via a nitric oxide (NO)-dependent pathway. Forty eight newly born Hu lambs with normal weights at birth (CON) or suffering from IUGR were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 12 per group), namely, the CON, IUGR, IUGR + 1% Arg, and IUGR + 0.1% NCG groups. The animals were used for experiments from the age of day 7 to 28. Compared with the lambs in the IUGR group, the lambs in the Arg or NCG group had higher (P < 0.05) final body weights. The plasma insulin, NO, and NO synthase (NOS) concentrations in the IUGR group were higher (P < 0.05) compared with those in IUGR + 1% Arg or IUGR + 0.1% NCG. The jejunal level of the tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in the IUGR lambs was greater (P < 0.05) compared with that in IUGR + 1% Arg or IUGR + 0.1% NCG. The plasma and jejunal total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) values for the IUGR + 1% Arg or IUGR + 0.1% NCG group were greater (P < 0.05) compared with those for the IUGR group. Compared with the IUGR + 1% Arg or IUGR + 0.1% NCG lambs, the IUGR lambs had lower (P < 0.05) abundance of mRNA and protein abundance of glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1), catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2), nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), heme oxygenase (HO-1), zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), occludin, inducible NOS (iNOS), and epithelial NOS (eNOS). Overall, the data suggest that the Arg or NCG supplementation to suckling lambs with IUGR enhances the intestinal function by regulating the oxidant status via the NO-dependent pathway.

15.
Cell Biosci ; 9: 62, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402975

RESUMO

Colon-cancer-cell-derived exosomes (CDEs) are emerging mediators of tumorigenesis and serve as messengers of intercellular communication; however, whether the CDEs affect the proliferation of colon cancer cells themselves remains unknown. In the current study, the CDEs isolated from human colon cancer cell line SW480 and HCT116 showed a size range of 60-150 nm, typical bilayer-encapsulated vesicles, and expressed the exosomal markers CD81 and CD63. Incubation of SW480 cells with CDEs labelled with PKH67 fluorescent markers revealed that SW480 cells were able to absorb CDEs, which were mostly distributed around the nucleus. Hypoxic conditions promoted colon cancer cells to release a greater number of CDEs than normoxic conditions. MTT cell proliferation assay demonstrated CDEs promoted the proliferation of colon cancer cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, CDEs promoted colon cancer cell growth mainly through shortening mitosis duration. Meanwhile, the levels of phosphorylated STAT3 in colon cancer cells was up-regulated with the treatment of CDEs derived from hypoxic tumor cells. Our data suggests that colon cancer cells are able to promote self-growth through the secretion of exosomes, especially under hypoxic conditions, which shortens mitosis duration and activates STAT3.

16.
Inorg Chem ; 58(16): 11220-11230, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31368311

RESUMO

The detection of nitro compounds and removal of organic dyes remain urgent issues because they are poisonous to humans. Taking advantage of metal-organic framework (MOF) materials, we demonstrate herein an indium-organic framework (InOF) exhibiting sensitive fluorescence sensing of nitro compounds, prominent dye capture, and excellent photodegradation of dyes. By using 4,4',4″-s-triazine-1,3,5-triyltri-p-aminobenzoate (TATAB), an amino-functionalized BTB-like linker, the 3D SNNU-110 structure ({[In3OCl(H2O)2(TATAB)2]}n) is formed. SNNU-110 shows a 3,6-connected 3,6T22 topology with TATAB and [In3O(CO2)6] tricapped trigonal-prismatic clusters as 3- and 6-connected nodes. Thanks to the fluorescence properties and amine recognition sites of TATAB, SNNU-110 exhibits excellent performance of fluorescence quenching for six electron-deficient nitroaromatics. The intercrossing 1D channels in SNNU-110 formed from the a- and b-axis directions with dimensions of about 18 Å × 11 Å can capture diverse cationic, anionic, or neutral dyes effectively. What is more, the existence of an inorganic [In3O] cluster enable SNNU-110 to be a good photocatalyst. Upon irradiation with a 300 W xenon lamp, SNNU-110 shows outstanding photocatalytic activity toward rhodamine B (RhB) and methylene blue (MB), and there was almost no degradation. The catalytic activity can retain about 94.6% (RhB) and 93.1% (MB), respectively. Overall, SNNU-110 fully demonstrates the power of multicomponent MOFs, which provide a feasible route for the design of functional materials toward to pollutant identification and removal applications.

17.
Nitric Oxide ; 91: 23-34, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323277

RESUMO

The accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria induced by the impairment of the autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP), especially mitophagy is an important cause of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Electroacupuncture (EA) exerts remarkable effects in treating ischemic stroke; however, the detailed mechanism remains unclear. In this study, rats were treated with mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening inhibitor, peroxynitrite (ONOO-) scavenger, or selective inhibitor of mitophagy activation during 2-h middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 24 h of reperfusion in combination with EA treatment. RNA-Seq analysis showed that EA treatment in cerebral I/R was linked to the autophagosome, the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and metabolic pathways. We found that I/R resulted in significantly mitochondrial function impairments including decreased mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and ATP levels, aggregation of damaged mitochondria, excessive nitro/oxidative stress, PI3K/Akt/mTOR-mediated ALP dysfunction and deficiency of Pink1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy clearance. The treatment with EA, cyclosporine-A (CsA, a potent inhibitor of mPTP opening) or FeTMPyP (a type of ONOO- scavenger) could significantly increase MMP and/or ATP levels, improve mitochondrial function and decrease neuronal injury. At the same time, EA also improved ALP dysfunction and the deficiency of mitophagy clearance; however, mitochondrial division inhibitor-1 (Mdivi-1, a selective inhibitor of mitophagy activation) blocked mitophagy clearance and aggravated neuronal injury. Taken together, EA ameliorates nitro/oxidative stress-induced mitochondrial functional damage and decreases the accumulation of damaged mitochondria via Pink1/Parkin-mediated mitophagy clearance to protect cells against neuronal injury in cerebral I/R.

19.
Cancer Cell Int ; 19: 168, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285694

RESUMO

Background: DKK1 has been reported to act as a tumor suppressor in breast cancer. However, the mechanism of DKK1 inhibits breast cancer migration and invasion was still unclear. Methods: Western blot and real time PCR was used to detect the expression of DKK1, ß-catenin and MMP7 in breast cancer cells. Wound scratch assay and transwell assay was employed to examine migration and invasion of breast cancer cell. Results: DKK1 overexpression dramatically inhibits breast cancer cell migration and invasion. Knockdown of DKK1 promotes migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. DKK1 suppressed breast cancer cell migration and invasion through suppression of ß-catenin and MMP7 expression. XAV-939, an inhibitor of ß-catenin accumulation could reverse DKK1 silencing-induced MMP7 expression in breast cancer cells. Meanwhile, XAV-939 also could reverse the increase in the cell number invaded through Matrigel when DKK1 was knockdown. Furthermore, depletion of MMP7 also could reverse DKK1 knockdown-induced increase in the cell number invaded through Matrigel. Conclusions: DKK1 inhibits migration and invasion of breast cancer cell through suppression of ß-catenin/MMP7 pathway, our findings offered a potential alternative for breast cancer prevention and treatment.

20.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 132: 110658, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31299295

RESUMO

This study was conducted to determine the effect of T-2 toxin on the transcriptome of the glandular stomach in chicks using RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq). Four groups of 1-day-old Cobb male broilers (n = 4 cages/group, 6 chicks/cage) were fed a corn-soybean-based diet (control) and control supplemented with T-2 toxin at 1.0, 3.0, and 6.0 mg/kg, respectively, for 2 weeks. The histological results showed that dietary supplementation of T-2 toxin at 3.0 and 6.0 mg/kg induced glandular gastric injury including serious inflammation, increased inflammatory cells, mucosal edema, and necrosis and desquamation of the epithelial cells in the glandular stomach of chicks. RNA-Seq analysis revealed that there were 671, 1393, and 1394 genes displayed ≥2 (P < 0.05) differential expression in the dietary supplemental T-2 toxin at 1.0, 3.0, and 6.0 mg/kg, respectively, compared with the control group. Notably, 204 differently expressed genes had shared similar changes among these three doses of T-2 toxin. GO and KEGG pathway analysis results showed that many genes involved in oxidation-reduction process, inflammation, wound healing/bleeding, and apoptosis/carcinogenesis were affected by T-2 toxin exposure. In conclusion, this study systematically elucidated toxic mechanisms of T-2 toxin on the glandular stomach, which might provide novel ideas to prevent adverse effects of T-2 toxin in chicks.


Assuntos
Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Toxina T-2/toxicidade , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Galinhas , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Necrose/induzido quimicamente , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Toxina T-2/administração & dosagem , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
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