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1.
Biopharm Drug Dispos ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33904176

RESUMO

Early detection of the site of infection non-invasively with radiolabeled molecules is important for the success of treatment. Technetium-99m labeled antibiotics have the potential to discriminate between bacterial infection and sterile inflammation. Sultamicillin is the tosylate salt of the double ester of sulbactam plus ampicillin. In this study, Sultamicillin was labeled with 99m Tc according to the stannous chloride method. Quality control studies of radiolabeled sultamicillin were performed by radiochromatografic methods. In vitro binding assays were performed in live and heat-killed gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus and gram-negative Escherichia coli strains. The radiolabeling yield of 99m Tc-sultamicillin was determined as 97.8 ± 3.1 % (n=5). Maximum bacterial uptake of 99m Tc-sultamicillin was 80.7 ± 11.00 % at four hours for living S. aureus and 93.2 ± 4.40 % at two hours for E. coli. Bacterial uptake study results show that Sultamicillin has the potential to be a nuclear imaging agent, especially in infections caused by Gram-negative E. coli and gram-positive S. aureus. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Bioanalysis ; 13(3): 147-159, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33543654

RESUMO

Background: Surrogate monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) used in preclinical in vivo studies can be challenging to quantify due to lack of suitable immunoaffinity reagents or unavailability of the mAb protein sequence. Generic immunoaffinity reagents were evaluated to develop sensitive LC-MS/MS assays. Peptides of unknown sequence can be used for selective LC-MS quantification. Results: anti-mouse IgG1 was found to be an effective immunoaffinity reagent, enabling quantification of mouse IgG1 mAbs in mouse serum. Selective peptides of unknown sequence were applied for multiplex LC-MS quantification of two rat mAbs co-dosed in mouse. Conclusion: Generic anti-mouse IgG subtype-specific antibodies can be used to improve assay sensitivity and peptides of unknown sequence can be used to quantify surrogate mAbs when the mAb protein sequence in unavailable.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 35: 127778, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422603

RESUMO

The discovery of a series of substituted diarylether compounds as retinoic acid related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) agonists is described. Compound 1 was identified from deck mining as a RORγt agonist. Hit-to-lead optimization led to the identification of lead compound 5, which possesses improved potency (10x). Extensive SAR exploration led to the identification of a potent and selective compound 22, that demonstrated an improved pharmacokinetic profile and a dose-dependent pharmacodynamic response. However, when dosed in a MC38 syngeneic tumor model, no evidence of efficacy was observed. ©2020 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

4.
J Med Chem ; 64(3): 1454-1480, 2021 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492963

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) binds to a family of sphingosine-1-phosphate G-protein-coupled receptors (S1P1-5). The interaction of S1P with these S1P receptors has a fundamental role in many physiological processes in the vascular and immune systems. Agonist-induced functional antagonism of S1P1 has been shown to result in lymphopenia. As a result, agonists of this type hold promise as therapeutics for autoimmune disorders. The previously disclosed differentiated S1P1 modulator BMS-986104 (1) exhibited improved preclinical cardiovascular and pulmonary safety profiles as compared to earlier full agonists of S1P1; however, it demonstrated a long pharmacokinetic half-life (T1/2 18 days) in the clinic and limited formation of the desired active phosphate metabolite. Optimization of this series through incorporation of olefins, ethers, thioethers, and glycols into the alkyl side chain afforded an opportunity to reduce the projected human T1/2 and improve the formation of the active phosphate metabolite while maintaining efficacy as well as the improved safety profile. These efforts led to the discovery of 12 and 24, each of which are highly potent, biased agonists of S1P1. These compounds not only exhibited shorter in vivo T1/2 in multiple species but are also projected to have significantly shorter T1/2 values in humans when compared to our first clinical candidate. In models of arthritis, treatment with 12 and 24 demonstrated robust efficacy.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Pró-Proteína Convertases/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina Endopeptidases/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Biotransformação , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/efeitos adversos , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito/efeitos dos fármacos , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Pneumopatias/induzido quimicamente , Pneumopatias/patologia , Masculino , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosforilação , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Transplant Proc ; 53(2): 686-691, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33334610

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) after lung transplantation (LTx). METHODS: Records of patients who underwent LTx in a single center were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence of post-transplant AKI, the use of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT), and the risk factors for AKI were investigated. The effects of AKI and CRRT on short-term outcomes and long-term survival were measured. RESULTS: This study included 148 patients, 67 of which developed postoperative AKI. Of these, 31 patients underwent CRRT; the percentage of cases with no AKI was 6.2%, and the percentage of cases with stage 1, 2, and 3 who used CRRT was 0%, 10%, and 86.2%, respectively. Patients with AKI had significantly higher intensive care unit mortality and in-hospital mortality. The 1-year post-LTx survival rate of patients with AKI was 47.8%, significantly lower than those without AKI (74.1%). There was no difference in 1-year survival rate of those with stage 1 and stage 2 AKI, but patients with stage 3 AKI showed the worst survival. Patients who underwent CRRT had an inferior survival outcome (9.7% vs 76.1%, P < .05). We found that higher acute physiologic assessment and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II scores (odds ratio [OR] 1.082, P = .009) and higher intraoperative fluid balance (OR 1.001, P = .012) were independent risk factors, and female sex (OR 2.539) and pulmonary hypertension (OR 2.869) were potential risk factors for post-LTx AKI. A prediction model integration of the above factors showed a good concordance with actual risks and had a concordance index (C-index) of 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66-0.87). CONCLUSION: Severe AKI requiring CRRT had a negative impact on the short-term and long-term outcomes of patients.

6.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 3049302, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33145344

RESUMO

The present study was to investigate the effect of mesenteric lymph duct drainage on lung inflammatory response, histological alteration, and endothelial cell apoptosis in septic rats. Animals were randomly assigned into four groups: control, sham surgery, sepsis, and sepsis plus mesenteric lymph drainage. We used the colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) procedure to induce the septic model in rats, and mesenteric lymph drainage was performed with a polyethylene (PE) catheter inserted into mesenteric lymphatic. The animals were sacrificed at the end of CASP in 6 h. The mRNA expression levels of inflammatory mediators were measured by qPCR, and the histologic damage were evaluated by the pathological score method. It was found that mesenteric lymph drainage significantly reduced the expression of TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 mRNA in the lung. Pulmonary interstitial edema and infiltration of inflammatory cells were alleviated by mesenteric lymph drainage. Moreover, increased mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 mRNA, and apoptotic rate were observed in PMVECs treated with septic lymph. These results indicate that mesenteric lymph duct drainage significantly attenuated lung inflammatory injury by decreasing the expression of pivotal inflammatory mediators and inhibiting endothelial apoptosis to preserve the pulmonary barrier function in septic rats.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090733

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) binding to the S1P-1 receptor (S1P1R) controls the egress of lymphocytes from lymphoid organs and targets modulation of immune responses in autoimmune diseases. Pharmacologic modulation of S1P receptors has been linked to heart rate reduction. BMS-986166, a prodrug of the active phosphorylated metabolite BMS-986166-P, presents an improved cardiac safety profile in preclinical studies compared to other S1P1R modulators. The pharmacokinetics, safety, and pharmacodynamics of BMS-986166 versus placebo after single (0.75-5.0 mg) and repeated (0.25-1.5 mg/day) oral administration were assessed in healthy participants after a 1-day lead-in placebo period. A population model was developed to jointly describe BMS-986166 and BMS-986166-P pharmacokinetics and predict individual exposures. Inhibitory sigmoid models described the relationships between average daily BMS-986166-P concentrations and nadir of time-matched (day -1) placebo-corrected heart rate on day 1 (nDDHR, where DD represents ∆∆) and nadir of absolute lymphocyte count (nALC). Predicted decreases in nDDHR and nALC were 9 bpm and 20% following placebo, with maximum decreases of 10 bpm in nDDHR due to drug effect, and approximately 80% in nALC due to drug and placebo. A 0.5-mg/day dose regimen achieves the target 65% reduction in nALC associated with a 2-bpm decrease in nDDHR over placebo.

8.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(9): 1766-1772, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944145

RESUMO

Efforts aimed at increasing the in vivo potency and reducing the elimination half-life of 1 and 2 led to the identification of aryl ether and thioether-derived bicyclic S1P1 differentiated modulators 3-6. The effects of analogs 3-6 on lymphocyte reduction in the rat (desired pharmacology) along with pulmonary- and cardiovascular-related effects (undesired pharmacology) are described. Optimization of the overall properties in the aryl ether series yielded 3d, and the predicted margin of safety against the cardiovascular effects of 3d would be large enough for human studies. Importantly, compared to 1 and 2, compound 3d had a better profile in both potency (ED50 < 0.05 mg/kg) and predicted human half-life (t 1/2 ∼ 5 days).

9.
Bioengineered ; 11(1): 904-920, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815466

RESUMO

In recent years, the incidence of lung cancer has been increasing. Lung cancer detection is based on computed tomography (CT) imaging of the lung area to determine whether there are pulmonary nodules. And then judge what's good and what's bad. However, due to the traditional way of manual reading and lack of experience and other problems. This leads to visual fatigue and misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis. In order to detect pulmonary nodules early and accurately, a new assistant diagnosis method for pulmonary nodules is proposed. Firstly, the image is preprocessed and denoised by median filter, the lung parenchyma is segmented by random walk algorithm and the region of interest is extracted, and then, according to the continuity of the CT slices, the texture feature extraction method of pulmonary nodules based on volume local direction ternary pattern is used to extract the features. Finally, the pulmonary nodules are identified and classified by the assistant diagnosis model of pulmonary nodules based on Stacking algorithm. In order to illustrate the validity of the diagnosis model, the experiments are carried out by cross-validation of ten folds. Experiments using data from LIDC database show that the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the proposed method are 82.2%, 85.7%, and 78.8%, respectively. Texture Recognition method based on volume vocal direction ternary pattern is feasible for the identification of pulmonary nodules and provides a reference value for doctor-assisted diagnosis.

10.
Materials (Basel) ; 13(12)2020 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32604917

RESUMO

CuCo2O4 decoration carbon nanofibers (CNFs) as an enzyme-free glucose sensor were fabricated via electrospinning technology and carbonization treatment. The CNFs with advantages of abundant nitrogen amounts, porosity, large surface area, and superior electrical conductivity were used as an ideal matrix for CuCo2O4 decoration. The resultant CuCo2O4-CNF hybrids possessed favorable properties of unique three-dimensional architecture and good crystallinity, accompanied by the CuCo2O4 nanoparticles uniformly growing on the CNF skeleton. To further enhance the selective molecular recognition capacity of the developed sensor, a conductive film was synthesized through the electropolymerization of thiophene and thiophene-3-boronic acid (TBA). Based on the synergistic effects of the performances of CNFs, CuCo2O4 nanoparticles, and boronic acid-decorated polythiophene layer, the obtained poly(thiophene-3-boronic acid) (PTBA)/CuCo2O4-CNF-modified electrodes (PTBA/CuCo2O4-CNFs/glassy carbon electrode (GCE)) displayed prominent electrocatalytic activity toward electro-oxidation of glucose. The fabricated sensor presented an outstanding performance in the two linear ranges of 0.01-0.5 mM and 0.5-1.5 mM, with high selectivity of 2932 and 708 µA·mM-1·cm-2, respectively. The composite nanofibers also possessed good stability, repeatability, and excellent anti-interference selectivity toward the common interferences. All these results demonstrate that the proposed composite nanofibers hold great potential in the application of constructing an enzyme-free glucose sensing platform.

11.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(12): 127204, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32334911

RESUMO

Substituted benzyloxy aryl compound 2 was identified as an RORγt agonist. Structure based drug design efforts resulted in a potent and selective tricyclic compound 19 which, when administered orally in an MC38 mouse tumor model, demonstrated a desired pharmacokinetic profile as well as a dose-dependent pharmacodynamic response. However, no perceptible efficacy was observed in this tumor model at the doses investigated.

12.
Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev ; 9(6): 689-698, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068354

RESUMO

BMS-986184 is a human, second-generation, anti-interferon-γ-induced protein 10 (IP-10) monoclonal antibody. In this study the pharmacokinetics and target engagement (TE) of BMS-986184 in healthy participants were characterized using population-based target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD) modeling and data from a first-in-human study (NCT02864264). The results of the first-in-human study and the model generated were used to conduct stochastic simulations of a virtual population of healthy participants to predict pharmacokinetic exposures and TE responses for different dosage regimens. A 2-compartment, 2-target, TMDD structural model, assuming quasi-steady-state and stimulated production on treatment, was developed by simultaneous fitting of the total drug, serum-free IP-10, and serum total IP-10 concentration data, with the second unobservable target contribution to drug elimination described by the Michaelis-Menten elimination term. Model evaluation confirmed agreement between model predictions and observed data. Simulation of a virtual population of healthy individuals demonstrated that steady state was reached at the eighth dosing interval, and that around 150 mg subcutaneously every other week could be a suitable target dosage regimen for future clinical trials. Integrated modeling strategies such as this can be used to help guide rational clinical trial development of drugs with TMDD, leading to improved dose selection and greater patient benefits.

13.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8973-8995, 2019 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318208

RESUMO

Small molecule JAK inhibitors have emerged as a major therapeutic advancement in treating autoimmune diseases. The discovery of isoform selective JAK inhibitors that traditionally target the catalytically active site of this kinase family has been a formidable challenge. Our strategy to achieve high selectivity for TYK2 relies on targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase (JH2) domain. Herein we report the late stage optimization efforts including a structure-guided design and water displacement strategy that led to the discovery of BMS-986165 (11) as a high affinity JH2 ligand and potent allosteric inhibitor of TYK2. In addition to unprecedented JAK isoform and kinome selectivity, 11 shows excellent pharmacokinetic properties with minimal profiling liabilities and is efficacious in several murine models of autoimmune disease. On the basis of these findings, 11 appears differentiated from all other reported JAK inhibitors and has been advanced as the first pseudokinase-directed therapeutic in clinical development as an oral treatment for autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Descoberta de Drogas , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacocinética , Compostos Heterocíclicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Camundongos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
14.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8953-8972, 2019 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314518

RESUMO

As a member of the Janus (JAK) family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, TYK2 plays an important role in mediating the signaling of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-12, IL-23, and type 1 interferons. The nicotinamide 4, identified by a SPA-based high-throughput screen targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase domain, potently inhibits IL-23 and IFNα signaling in cellular assays. The described work details the optimization of this poorly selective hit (4) to potent and selective molecules such as 47 and 48. The discoveries described herein were critical to the eventual identification of the clinical TYK2 JH2 inhibitor (see following report in this issue). Compound 48 provided robust inhibition in a mouse IL-12-induced IFNγ pharmacodynamic model as well as efficacy in an IL-23 and IL-12-dependent mouse colitis model. These results demonstrate the ability of TYK2 JH2 domain binders to provide a highly selective alternative to conventional TYK2 orthosteric inhibitors.


Assuntos
Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Ácidos Nicotínicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Regulação Alostérica , Animais , Humanos , Ligantes , Camundongos , Niacinamida/metabolismo , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Ácidos Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 383-388, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891145

RESUMO

In sharp contrast to a previously reported series of 6-anilino imidazopyridazine based Tyk2 JH2 ligands, 6-((2-oxo-N1-substituted-1,2-dihydropyridin-3-yl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine analogs were found to display dramatically improved metabolic stability. The N1-substituent on 2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine ring can be a variety of alkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl groups, but among them, 2-pyridyl provided much enhanced Caco-2 permeability, attributed to its ability to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Further structure-activity relationship studies at the C3 position led to the identification of highly potent and selective Tyk2 JH2 inhibitor 6, which proved to be highly effective in inhibiting IFNγ production in a rat pharmacodynamics model and fully efficacious in a rat adjuvant arthritis model.

16.
J Med Chem ; 62(5): 2265-2285, 2019 03 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30785748

RESUMO

Recently, our research group reported the identification of BMS-986104 (2) as a differentiated S1P1 receptor modulator. In comparison to fingolimod (1), a full agonist of S1P1 currently marketed for the treatment of relapse remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS), 2 offers several potential advantages having demonstrated improved safety multiples in preclinical evaluations against undesired pulmonary and cardiovascular effects. In clinical trials, 2 was found to exhibit a pharmacokinetic half-life ( T1/2) longer than that of 1, as well as a reduced formation of the phosphate metabolite that is required for activity against S1P1. Herein, we describe our efforts to discover highly potent, partial agonists of S1P1 with a shorter T1/2 and increased in vivo phosphate metabolite formation. These efforts culminated in the discovery of BMS-986166 (14a), which was advanced to human clinical evaluation. The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship as well as pulmonary and cardiovascular safety assessments are discussed. Furthermore, efficacy of 14a in multiple preclinical models of autoimmune diseases are presented.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Naftalenos/farmacologia , Receptores de Esfingosina-1-Fosfato/agonistas , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/farmacologia , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Naftalenos/química , Naftalenos/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/química , Tetra-Hidronaftalenos/farmacocinética
17.
Clin Cancer Res ; 24(20): 5178-5189, 2018 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30021910

RESUMO

Purpose: The ganglioside fucosyl-GM1 (FucGM1) is a tumor-associated antigen expressed in a large percentage of human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) tumors, but absent in most normal adult tissues, making it a promising target in immuno-oncology. This study was undertaken to evaluate the preclinical efficacy of BMS-986012, a novel, nonfucosylated, fully human IgG1 antibody that binds specifically to FucGM1.Experimental Design: The antitumor activity of BMS-986012 was evaluated in in vitro assays using SCLC cells and in mouse xenograft and syngeneic tumor models, with and without chemotherapeutic agents and checkpoint inhibitors.Results: BMS-986012 showed a high binding affinity for FcγRIIIa (CD16), which resulted in enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) against FucGM1-expressing tumor cell lines. BMS-986012-mediated tumor cell killing was also observed in complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) and antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis (ADCP) assays. In several mouse SCLC models, BMS-986012 demonstrated efficacy and was well tolerated. In the DMS79 xenograft model, tumor regression was achieved with BMS-986012 doses of 0.3 mg/kg and greater; antitumor activity was enhanced when BMS-986012 was combined with standard-of-care cisplatin or etoposide. In a syngeneic model, tumors derived from a genetically engineered model of SCLC were treated with BMS-986012 or anti-FucGM1 with a mouse IgG2a Fc and their responses evaluated; when BMS-986012 was combined with anti-PD-1 or anti-CD137 antibody, therapeutic responses significantly improved.Conclusions: Single-agent BMS-986012 demonstrated robust antitumor activity, with the addition of chemotherapeutic or immunomodulatory agents further inhibiting SCLC growth in the same models. These preclinical data supported evaluation of BMS-986012 in a phase I clinical trial of patients with relapsed, refractory SCLC. Clin Cancer Res; 24(20); 5178-89. ©2018 AACR.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Gangliosídeo G(M1)/análogos & derivados , Animais , Citotoxicidade Celular Dependente de Anticorpos/imunologia , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Gangliosídeo G(M1)/antagonistas & inibidores , Gangliosídeo G(M1)/imunologia , Gangliosídeo G(M1)/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica , Receptores de IgG/metabolismo , Membro 9 da Superfamília de Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/antagonistas & inibidores , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 85(3): 580-587, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29847538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of biliary tract external drainage (BTED) on inflammatory mediators and pathomorphism of intestine, liver, and lung in septic rats. METHOD: 48 SD rats (n = 8 per group) were randomized into six groups: control, sepsis, sepsis plus BTED, normal bile (obtained from eight healthy rats), and septic bile infusion for 6 hours respectively to test the effects of BTED bile infusion on cytokines' expression and tissue injury in the intestine, liver, and lung of septic/normal rats. Co-cultivation of intestinal epithelial cells (IEC-6) with bile for 12 hours was performed to evaluate the potential cytotoxicity of septic bile. Survival rate for sepsis plus BTED rats was detected compared with sepsis without BTED group (n = 20 per group) at 24, 48, and 72 hours, respectively. RESULTS: BTED for 6 hours significantly reduced the mRNA expression levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and IL-1ß (all p < 0.05 vs. sepsis group), whereas mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-1ß in the intestine was increased after 6 hours' septic bile infusion compared with normal bile infusion group (all p < 0.05). TNF-α concentration in septic bile was significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0.001). Tissue injury was significantly attenuated after 6 hours' BTED. CONCLUSIONS: BTED can significantly restrain the mRNA expression of TNF-α and IL-1ß in the intestine, liver, and lung and attenuate histological damage in septic rats.


Assuntos
Bile/metabolismo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Drenagem/métodos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo , Animais , Bile/fisiologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Intestinos/cirurgia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/genética , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley/genética , Sepse/patologia , Sepse/cirurgia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética
19.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651

RESUMO

We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
20.
Bioanalysis ; 9(20): 1573-1588, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29072496

RESUMO

AIM: IP-10 is a protein target for the treatment of Crohn's disease. Inhibition of IP-10 by anti-IP-10 mAbs neutralizes its various biological activities. The measurement of free IP-10 suppression as a target engagement biomarker is required for the assessment of drug effect on the target. RESULTS: The development of highly sensitive immunoaffinity-LC-MS/MS assays for quantifying free and total IP-10 in cynomolgus monkey serum is reported for the first time. This paper details strategies for maximizing assay sensitivity by selecting digestion routes, and optimizing immunocapture to achieve full recovery and minimal matrix effect. For the free IP-10 assay, bioanalytical strategies have been established to minimize drug/ligand dissociation. CONCLUSION: The assays have been implemented for target engagement measurement, pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic correlation, and human dose projections.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Quimiocina CXCL10/sangue , Cromatografia de Afinidade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Quimiocina CXCL10/genética , Quimiocina CXCL10/imunologia , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Ligantes , Macaca fascicularis , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência
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