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1.
Chin J Dent Res ; 24(3): 159-166, 2021 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adhesives' enamel bonding performance utilising the traditional microtensile bond strength test (µTBST) and a new double-sided microtensile bond strength test (DµTBST) to assess the suitability of the latter. METHODS: A 'tug-of-war' direct encounter design was employed to compare the enamel bond strengths of two universal adhesives and their different application modes simultaneously under the same tensile load applied to double-sided bonded specimens. Clearfil Universal Bond (CU; Kuraray, Kurashiki, Japan) and Scotchbond Universal Adhesive (SB; 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA) were applied in self-etch (S) and etch-and-rinse (E) mode on 110 human molar samples to perform two experiments. Experiment 1 compared the enamel bond strengths of the combinations of adhesive application modes utilising µTBST. The data were analysed using a Welch analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by a Games-Howell test. Experiment 2 employed DµTBST to determine the suitability of the new double-sided bonded assembly and ascertain which of the adhesive application mode combinations was superior. The data were analysed using a Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, followed by pairwise comparisons with a Mantel-Cox log-rank test. The level of significance was set at P ˂ 0.05. RESULTS: The µTBST results did not show significant differences for CUE vs CUS, SBE vs SBS, CUS vs SBS and CUS vs SBE (P ˃ 0.05); however, from DµTBST, the survival distributions for the interventions were statistically significantly different (χ2(3) = 145.130, P ˂ 0.0005), indicating the superiority of universal adhesive CU over SB and application mode E over S with certainty. CONCLUSION: DµTBST was able to add more discerning outcomes to the µTBST results, indicating that the new technique could become a valuable adjunct to the conventional method.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
2.
Microb Pathog ; 120: 37-41, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29704670

RESUMO

Periodontitis is a highly prevalent infective and inflammatory disease with an adverse impact on systemic health. Isorhamnetin, a flavonoid mainly isolated from Hippophae fhamnoides L. fruit, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory effect. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanism of isorhamnetin on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs). The production of inflammatory mediators and the expression of proteins were measured by ELISA and western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that isorhamnetin attenuated LPS-induced release of PGE2, NO, IL-6, and IL-8 in HGFs. Isorhamnetin also inhibited LPS-induced NF-κB activation. The expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were up-regulated by treatment of isorhamnetin. Furthermore, knockdown of Nrf2 by siRNA reversed the anti-inflammatory effects of isorhamnetin. In conclusion, these results suggested that isorhamnetin inhibited LPS-induced inflammation in HGFs by activating Nrf2 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Gengiva/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/efeitos adversos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Periodontite , Quercetina/farmacologia
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