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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492669

RESUMO

In deep-sea hydrothermal vent environments, sulfur-oxidizing bacteria belonging to the clade SUP05 are crucial symbionts of invertebrate animals. Marine viruses, as the most abundant biological entities in the ocean, play essential roles in regulating the sulfur metabolism of the SUP05 bacteria. To date, vent-sponge-associated SUP05 and their phages have not been well documented. The current study analyzed the microbiome of Haplosclerida spp. sponges from hydrothermal vents in the Okinawa Trough and recovered the dominant SUP05 genome, designated VS-SUP05. Phylogenetic analysis showed that VS-SUP05 was closely related to endosymbiotic SUP05 strains from mussels living in deep-sea hydrothermal vent fields. Homology and metabolic pathway comparisons against free-living and symbiotic SUP05 revealed that the VS-SUP05 genome shared many features with the deep-sea mussel symbionts. Supporting a potentially-symbiotic lifestyle, the VS-SUP05 genome contained genes involved in the synthesis of essential amino acids and cofactors that are desired by the host. Analysis of sponge-associated viral sequences revealed putative VS-SUP05 phages, all of which were double-stranded viruses belonging to the families Myoviridae, Siphoviridae, Podoviridae, and Microviridae Among the phage sequences, one contig contained metabolic genes (iscR, iscS, and iscU) involved in iron-sulfur cluster formation. Interestingly, genome sequence comparison revealed horizontal transfer of the iscS gene among phages, VS-SUP05 and other symbiotic SUP05, indicating an interaction between marine phages and SUP05 symbionts. Overall, our findings confirm the presence of SUP05 bacteria and their phages in sponges from deep-sea vents, and imply a beneficial interaction that allows adaptation of the host sponge to the hydrothermal vent environment.Importance Chemosynthetic SUP05 bacteria dominate the microbial communities of deep-sea hydrothermal vents around the world,. SUP05 bacteria utilize the reduced chemical compounds in vent fluids and commonly form symbioses with invertebrate organisms. This symbiotic relationship could be key to adapting to such unique and extreme environments. Viruses are the most abundant biological entities on the planet and have been identified in hydrothermal vent environments. However, their interactions with the symbiotic microbes of the SUP05 clade, along with their role in the symbiotic system, remain unclear. Here, using metagenomic sequence-based analyses, we determined that bacteriophages may support metabolism in SUP05 bacteria and play a role in the sponge-associated symbiosis system in hydrothermal vent environments.

2.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 33(9): 1077-1082, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512446

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction via transtibial (TT) and transportal (TP) techniques after 10 years follow-up. Methods: A clinical data of 103 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACL reconstruction with a single bundle of autologous hamstring tendon between March 2006 and March 2009 was retrospectively analyzed, among which 57 patients were reconstructed with TT technique (TT group) and 46 patients were reconstructed with TP technique (TP group). There was no significant difference in gender, age, cause of injury, interval between injury and operation, preoperative pivot shift test, preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, Lysholm score, and KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 10 years after operation, Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee; KT-2000 SSD was used to measure tibial anterior displacement; IKDC score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function; MRI examination was performed to observe graft healing and measure coronal inclination angles of the tibia and femoral tunnels. The rate of return to sports was also calculated. Results: The incisions healed by first intention in the two groups, and no early complication occurred after operation. All patients were followed up 10-13 years, with an average of 11.5 years. During the follow-up period, there was no limitation of knee extension and flexion, no discomfort of donor site or graft failure in either group. MRI examination showed that the graft healed well. The IKDC score, Lysholm score, and KT-2000 SSD in the two groups were significantly improved after 10 years ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups at 10 years after operation ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in coronal inclination angles of femoral tunnel and tibial tunnel between the two groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in Lachman test and pivot shift test between the two groups ( P>0.05). The rate of return to sports of patients was 61.40% (35/57) in TT group and 63.04% (29/46) in TP group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( χ 2=0.29, P=0.87). Conclusion: TT and TP techniques can both achieve good effectiveness in ACL reconstruction.

3.
Math Biosci Eng ; 16(5): 4645-4659, 2019 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499682

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to compare the oncological outcomes of laparoscopic and open resection for colon cancer. METHOD: Search the publications on comparison the efficacy of laparoscopic surgery comparison with open surgery in treatment outcomes of colon cancer to May, 2018. After rigorous reviewing on quality, the data was extracted from eligible trials. All trials analyzed the summary hazard ratios (HRs) of the endpoints of interest, including intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 13 trials were met our inclusion criteria. With the pooled result of duration of surgery indicate that laparoscopic surgery was associated with a trend longer operate time (SMD = 0.58, 95% CI 0.17-0.99; P=0.005) , shorter length of hospital stay (SMD = -0.57, 95% CI -1.00--0.15; P = 0.008) and postoperative hospital stay (SMD = -0.66, 95% CI -0.99--0.33; P = 0.0001) , less blood loss (SMD = -0.68, 95% CI -1.12--0.24; P = 0.002), shorter incision length (SMD = -4.61, 95% CI -5.79--3.43; P<=0.00001 and less wound infection (OR = 0.30, 95% CI 0.13-0.67; P = 0.004). However, there were no differences in the number of lymph nodes harvested (P = 0.17), ileus (P = 0.91), pulmonary infection (P = 0.22) and postoperative complications (P = 0.24) between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery had similar intraoperative and postoperative recovery parameters to those of the patients in the open group. The patients treated with laparoscopic had a trend longer operate time, shorter hospital stays, less intra-operative blood loss, faster recovery and lower incidence of wound infection. Whether it can be expected to be a standardization operation method for colon carcinoma still need more random clinical trials to be verified.

4.
Food Funct ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475718

RESUMO

Methionine-restricted diets (MRD) have been shown to prevent high fat diet (HFD) induced complications including fat accumulation, insulin sensitivity decrease, oxidative stress and inflammation increase. We hypothesized that intestinal microbiota changes may mediate these effects, and this study aims to prove this hypothesis. Mice were fed a normal diet (ND, 0.86% methionine + 4% fat), a HF diet (HFD, 0.86% methionine + 20% fat), or a MRD (0.17% methionine + 20% fat) and euthanized at week 22. Our results showed that the HFD induced fat accumulation and gut microbiota dysbiosis; reduced short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production; and increased intestinal permeability, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress. The MRD decreased the body weight, body fat rate, and blood glucose and plasma lipid levels; increased the abundance of putative SCFA-producing bacteria Bifidobacterium, Lactobacillus, Bacteroides, Roseburia, Coprococcus, and Ruminococcus and inflammation-inhibiting bacteria Oscillospira and Corynebacterium; and decreased the abundance of inflammation-producing bacteria Desulfovibrio in colonic contents. Moreover, the MRD improved intestinal barrier function, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress, and altered the metabolite levels of colonic contents (such as increasing SCFA and bile acid concentrations); the latter may have contributed to the prevention of HFD-induced obesity. In conclusion, the MRD can improve gut health by regulating the intestinal microbiota and its metabolite profiles in the HFD mice. Reducing methionine intake by simple dietary adjustment may be an effective method to improve intestinal health in animals and humans.

5.
Dig Liver Dis ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypersplenism is a serious complication of portal hypertension (PH) and can affect the prognosis of liver disease. Liver stem cells (LSCs) are involved in liver regeneration and hepatocarcinogenesis after liver cirrhosis. AIM: To explore the effects and mechanism of the spleen on the proliferation and differentiation of LSCs in PH due to liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Fetal liver stem cells (FLSCs) were treated with splenic serum from liver cirrhosis patients with hypersplenism and control serum from healthy volunteers, and the proliferation, self-renewal, and IGF-II/ERK signaling pathway of FLSCs were then evaluated. RESULTS: We found that splenic serum from PH patients promoted FLSC proliferation, colony formation, and Ki-67 expression in vitro. Splenic serum from PH also enhanced FLSC spheroid formation in vitro. Mechanistically, we determined that insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II concentration was elevated in splenic serum from PH patients and could promote FLSC proliferation and self-renewal. Furthermore, both IGF-II and splenic serum from PH patients enhanced ERK signaling activation through IGF-I receptor (IGF-I R) in FLSCs. Consistently, blocking IGF-I R or ERK signaling could attenuate the effects of splenic serum from PH patients on FLSCs. CONCLUSIONS: The spleen in PH patients promotes FLSC proliferation and self-renewal through the IGF-II/ERK signaling pathway.

6.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 58: 104677, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450295

RESUMO

For the orthopedic application, the promising biodegradable magnesium alloys gained increasing attention. In order to improve the interface bonding strength and corrosion resistance of magnesium alloys, a novel ultrasonic aqueous synthesis approach was performed to produce hydroxyapatite coating on biodegradable magnesium alloys. The effect of ultrasonic time on the composition, microstructure, interface bonding strength and corrosion resistance of HA coated magnesium alloys were investigated. A dense and crack-free HA coating was synthesized by only ultrasonic cavitation for 1 h in the aqueous solution containing Ca2+ and PO43- ions and the coating was constituted of bamboo leaf-like HA staggered irregularly, which endowed magnesium alloy with a sufficient interface bonding strength of 18.1 ±â€¯2.2 MPa. The electrochemical performance and mineralization ability of the coated magnesium alloys were carried out in the simulated body fluids. Compared with bare magnesium samples, the coated samples presented excellent corrosion resistance and could rapidly induce apatite formation after only three days of immersion in the simulated body fluid (SBF). Moreover, in the immersion test of 90 days, HA coatings could provide a long-term protection for magnesium alloy substrate, indicating that ultrasonic aqueous synthesized HA coating could be acted as a promising modified biomaterial on magnesium alloys for the orthopedic application.

7.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Web-based alcohol screenings and brief interventions have been shown to be effective methods for changing drinking behavior. This study evaluated the efficacy of the online-based Brief Empowerment Program for Alcohol-Use Monitor (on-BEAM), a brief intervention applying personalized normative feedback (PNF) and components of motivational interviewing (MI) techniques. METHODS: A community-based, double-blind, parallel-group randomized controlled trial with individual randomization was conducted in Korea (registered at Clinical Research Information Service-KCT0003050). An e-mail about participating in a survey on drinking behavior was sent to 5,684 individuals, aged 20 to 40, that were registered as part of a research panel. Male and female participants with AUDIT-C scores of ≥4 and ≥3, respectively, were randomly assigned to either an intervention (received a drinking behavior assessment and the results with normative feedback) or control group (assessment and results without normative feedback). To evaluate the effects of the intervention with 2 sessions over the course of a month, a follow-up assessment was performed online 4 weeks after completion of the intervention. The main outcome was the number of standard drinks consumed during the past week measured using the timeline followback method. The rate ratios (RRs) were calculated to test the effects of the intervention. RESULTS: In total, 1,496 participants were randomized and 93% of them followed up. The intervention group reported consuming less alcohol during the past week (RR = 0.13; p = 0.012) than the control group. Additionally, the intervention group had fewer binge drinkers (RR = 0.69; p < 0.001) and a lower AUDIT-C score (RR = 0.59; p = 0.009) than the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The web-based intervention, on-BEAM, which applies PNF and MI components related to high-risk drinking reduced the amount of alcohol consumption in our study population. Further research is needed to determine the duration of on-BEAM's effects and evaluate its effectiveness in the real world.

8.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) involves inflammation of the nasal and para-nasal mucosa. Due to its heterogeneous nature, unknown pathogenesis, and high recurrence rate, effective treatment is difficult. Nasal cytology is presently not a part of the routine diagnosis or treatment decision for CRS. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed for published papers in English between January 1990 and June 2019 using MEDLINE. STUDY SELECTION: Terms used were chronic rhinosinusitis, eosinophils, etiology, immunopathology, inflammation, mast cells, nasal cytology, polyps, and treatment. Both reviews and original articles were collected and studied. RESULTS: There is no standard nasal fluid, mucus sampling, or staining techniques for identifying inflammatory cell types. Results were divergent from different countries. Moreover, the main focus of these papers on the cells in nasal washings was eosinophils, with infrequent mentioning of other cell types that may imply different etiology and pathology. The heterogeneous cell profile of CRS and the role of mast cells have been unappreciated due to the lack of specific immunohistochemical technique or study of its unique mediators. CONCLUSIONS: Nasal cytology could help distinguish the type and the activation state of inflammatory cells. Thus it can help in providing a clearer picture of CRS pathogenesis, identifying different patient groups, and developing effective treatments.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(16): 1959-1964, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nickel-induced allergic contact dermatitis (Ni-ACD) is a global health problem. More detailed knowledge on the skin uptake of haptens is required. This study aimed to investigate the penetration process and distribution of nickel in skin tissues with late phase and early phase of Ni-ACD to understand the mechanisms of metal allergy. METHODS: Forty Hartley guinea pigs were divided into four groups according to the NiSO4 sensitizing concentration and the NiSO4 challenged concentration: the 5% NiSO4-group, 5% to 10% (sensitization-challenge; late phase group); 10% NiSO4-group, 10% to 10% (sensitization-challenge; early-phase group); and the positive and negative controls. Pathological biopsies were performed on each group. The depth profile of nickel element concentration in the skin of guinea pigs was detected by synchrotron radiation micro X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (SR-µ-XRF) and micro X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (µ-XANES). RESULTS: In each section, the nickel element concentration in both the 5% NiSO4-group and 10% NiSO4-group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group. In the upper 300-µm section of skin for the early phase group, the nickel element concentration was significantly higher than that in the lower section of skin. In deeper sections (>200 µm) of skin, the concentration of nickel in the early phase group was approximately equal to that in the late phase group. The curve of the late phase group was flat, which means that the nickel element concentration was distributed uniformly by SR-µ-XRF. According to the XANES data for the 10% NiSO4 metal salt solution, structural changes occurred in the skin model sample, indicating that nickel was not present in the Ni aqueous ionic state but in the nickel-binding protein. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that the distribution of the nickel element concentration in ACD skin tissue was different between the early phase and late phase groups. The nickel element was not present in the Ni aqueous ionic state but bound with certain proteins to form a complex in the stratum corneum in ACD model tissue.

10.
Food Funct ; 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418448

RESUMO

The gut microbiota plays a critical role in human health. Diets could modulate the gut microbiota, which in turn may contribute to altered health outcomes by way of changing the relative risk of chronic diseases. Limonin, widely found in citrus fruits, has been reported to possess multiple beneficial health effects. However, the gastrointestinal fate of limonin and its effect on gut microbiota remain unknown. Herein, mice were fed a diet containing 0.05% limonin (w/w) for 9 weeks. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrum analysis showed that limonin was concentrated along the gastrointestinal tract and reached 523.14 nmol g-1 in the colon lumen. Compared to control mice, colonic microbiota richness was significantly increased by limonin. Gut microbiota community was also clearly distinct from the control group as shown by Principle Coordinate Analysis. Additionally, the relative abundance of 22 genera (relative abundance >0.1%) was altered significantly. Among these, generally regarded probiotics (Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium) were reduced, which was not due to direct inhibitory effect of limonin. According to the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, amino acid metabolism, lipid, metabolism and immune system function were predicted to be upregulated, and immune system disease and infectious disease markers were predicted to be suppressed dramatically by limonin based on gut microbiota composition. Within the infectious disease category, bacterial toxin and Staphylococcus aureus infection markers were suppressed significantly with limonin treatment. Collectively, our study provides the first line of evidence that oral intake of limonin could shift gut microbiota composition and its functions, which warrants further investigation to determine its implication in human health.

11.
J Community Psychol ; 47(7): 1799-1809, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374580

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the mediating effect of perceived social support on the relationship between mindfulness and burnout in Chinese special education teachers. Three hundred and seven teachers completed the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support Scale, and Teacher Burnout Inventory. The results showed that burnout was negatively correlated with mindfulness and perceived social support, while perceived social support was positively correlated with mindfulness. Moreover, perceived social support partially mediated the effect of mindfulness on special education teachers' burnout. These results suggest that the use of mindfulness combined with perceived social support may be beneficial for preventing and mitigating burnout among special education teachers.

12.
J Am Chem Soc ; 141(32): 12673-12681, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381313

RESUMO

Cell surface receptors play a critical role in modulating intracellular signal transduction, making them important drug targets. However, it remains challenging to develop a selective and efficient strategy for regulating receptor function. Herein, we develop a strategy, called bispecific aptamer induced artificial protein-pairing, to selectively regulate receptor function. In this strategy, bispecific aptamer probes act as molecular mediators to bind to both a target receptor protein and a paired protein, which brings the two proteins into close proximity on the living cell membrane. Importantly, the paired proteins work not only as a cancer biomarker for enhancing cell selectivity but also as a blocking assistant to inhibit target receptor function via strong steric hindrance effect. Compared with single-aptamer-mediated regulation, the proposed bispecific aptamer probes afford substantial improvement in selective and efficient regulation of receptor function and downstream signaling pathways. This work offers a versatile methodology to design molecular mediators that can modulate receptor function, thereby providing a new way for developing novel therapeutic drugs.

13.
J Med Chem ; 62(17): 7708-7721, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393124

RESUMO

The cyclic dipeptides generally present lower affinity toward intestinal oligopeptide transporter 1 (PEPT1) than the linear dipeptides. JBP485 (cyclo(l-Hyp-l-Ser)) is a low-affinity substrate of PEPT1 with poor oral bioavailability. However, JBP923 (l-Hyp-l-Ser) is a high-affinity substrate of PEPT1 with high oral absorption. We hypothesize that the bioactivatable pseudo-tripeptidization prodrug strategy is promising to increase the affinity of cyclic dipeptides toward PEPT1. To test our hypothesis, we design five amino acid ester prodrugs of JBP485. Compared with JBP485, the optimal prodrug (JBP485-3-CH2-O-valine, J3V) demonstrates improved affinity of PEPT1, oral bioavailability in rats and beagle dogs. Moreover, J3V can dose-dependently protect against liver injury. Additionally, J3V is stable in the gastrointestinal tract, beneficial to the PEPT1-mediated membrane transport, and is bioactivated in the enterocytes and hepatic cells, essential to elicit its bioactivity. In summary, the bioactivatable pseudo-tripeptidization strategy shows potential in increasing affinity of PEPT1 to enhance oral bioavailability of cyclic dipeptides.

15.
Cancer Med ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392826

RESUMO

Liver cancer is the most common cancer and is the epitome of a recalcitrant cancer. Increasing evidence shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNA) were associated with cancer-related death and could function as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA). To explore regulatory roles and potential prognostic biomarkers of lncRNA for liver cancer, RNA-sequencing expression data were downloaded from the TCGA database and GEO database. A total of 357 patients were randomly divided into a discovery group and a validation group, of which 313 patients can obtain clinical data. In discovery phrase, 58 lncRNAs, 16 miRNAs, and 34 mRNAs were screened to construct the ceRNA network based on 252 patients employed from discovery group. Univariate and multivariate Cox hazard regression analysis model revealed that five lncRNAs (AATK-AS1, C10orf91, LINC00162, LINC00200, and LINC00501) from 58 lncRNAs were formulated to predict the overall survival (OS). We used the value of gene expression and regression coefficients to construct a risk score based on the five lncRNAs. Next, we validated our model in the GSE116174 dataset (n = 64) and the validation group (n = 94) from TCGA database. Subgroup analysis suggest that the five lncRNAs played critical parts in early stage in cancer from both discovery and validation groups. The five lncRNAs were also found to be associated with immune cells infiltration including CD4+ memory activated, NK cells activated and mast cells activated, then the results were also validated according to the validation group. Furthermore, KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that these nine coexpressed modules using the method of WGCNA, and many of these pathways are associated with the development and progression of disease. At last, the transcription factor binding sites (TFBS) of the five lncRNAs were predicted, which help us to understand the potential mechanism that the TFBS adjusted the ceRNA network. In summary, the ceRNA regulatory network may contribute to a better understanding of liver cancer mechanism and provide potential prognostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets.

16.
Food Funct ; 10(8): 4705-4715, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304501

RESUMO

Lactobacillus reuteri FN041 is a secretory IgA-targeted Lactobacillus strain from human breast milk that has probiotic potential. The aim of this study was to test whether FN041 can alleviate dyslipidaemia and mucosal-barrier damage caused by a high-fat diet (HFD) and whether it can affect diurnal variation of the intestinal microbiota. C57BL/6 mice were fed either a normal chow diet or high-fat diet (HFD) for 7 weeks and were treated with either PBS as a control or L. reuteri FN041 for 4 weeks. Our results showed that FN041 treatment significantly attenuated HFD-induced weight gain (P < 0.01), accumulation of testicular fat, an increase in locomotor activity during the active phase (P < 0.01), triglyceridaemia, hypercholesterolaemia (P < 0.05), liver Fas overexpression, and Srebp1c mRNA expression inhibition. Moreover, FN041 treatment improved intestinal epithelial barrier function and induced a daily oscillation-dependent change in short-chain fatty acid production by the gut microbiota. A deeper understanding of the molecular pathways participating in intestinal barrier and microbiota modifications, and changes to lipid metabolism under the influence of FN041, will have important implications by potentially opening new horizons for the development of relevant foods to prevent metabolic disorders and unrelated intestinal diseases.

17.
Mol Oral Microbiol ; 34(5): 209-218, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31332969

RESUMO

Interleukin-24 is a pleiotropic immunoregulatory cytokine and a member of the IL-20R subfamily of the IL-10 family. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of IL-24 in the human oral keratinocyte cell line HOK-16B following infection with Tannerella forsythia, a major periodontal pathogen. T. forsythia induced the expression of IL-24 mRNA and the secretion of glycosylated IL-24 in HOK-16B cells. Glycosylation of IL-24 is linked to its solubility and bioavailability. T. forsythia-stimulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced the expression of IL-24, which was regulated by IL-6. The ROS inhibitor N-acetylcysteine and MAPK inhibitors significantly reduced the expression of IL-6 and IL-24 induced by T. forsythia. Recombinant human IL-24 significantly enhanced the expression of IL-1α, IL-8, CXCL10, and MCP-1 in HOK-16B cells. Together, these results indicate that ROS, MAPKs, and IL-6 comprise the axis of IL-24 expression in HOK-16B cells stimulated with T. forsythia. Thus, IL-24 may be involved in inflammation in oral keratinocytes.

18.
Nanomedicine ; 21: 102066, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351237

RESUMO

A single nanodrug delivery system for combined delivery of paclitaxel and doxorubicin that integrates high co-loading efficiency, synchronous co-delivery of combined drugs, controllable drug release, and maintains the drug combination at fixed synergistic ratios has been proven to be challenging. Here, we report a redox dual-responsive prodrug nanosystem consisting of a paclitaxel-doxorubicin heterodimeric prodrug with a thioether bond linkage to effectively co-deliver two therapeutic drugs. The heterodimeric prodrug could self-assemble into uniform nanoaggregates containing DSPE-PEG2K with a precise drug co-loading ratio in water, and possessed a high co-loading content. We demonstrated that this nanosystem provided strong synergistic effects in MCF-7 and 4 T1 cells. In vivo, this nanosystem results in a long blood circulation, high accumulation in the tumor, and significant inhibition of tumor growth in BALB/c mice bearing 4 T1 tumors. Such a simple, safe, and efficient heterodimeric prodrug nanosystem exhibits great potential for clinical translation in future combination chemotherapy treatments.

19.
Nanotechnology ; 30(40): 405203, 2019 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284280

RESUMO

We investigated the performance improvement of tin disulfide channel transistors by graphene contact configurations. From its two-dimensional nature, graphene can make electric contacts only at the outermost layers of the channel. For intralayer current flow, two graphene flakes are contacted at the channel's top or bottom layer. For interlayer current flow, one flake is contacted at the top and bottom of each layer. We compared the transistor performance in terms of current magnitude, mobility, and subthreshold swing between the configurations. From such observations, we deduced that device characteristics depend on resistivity or doping level of individual graphene flakes. We also found that interlayer flow excels in the on-current magnitude and the mobility, and that top-contact configuration excels in the subthreshold swing.

20.
J Gene Med ; : e3110, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some genetic association studies tried to investigate potential associations of phosphatase and actin regulator 1 (PHACTR1) polymorphisms with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the results of these studies were not consistent. Thus, we performed the present meta-analysis to explore associations between PHACTR1 polymorphisms and CAD in a larger pooled population. METHODS: Systematic literature research of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase and CNKI was performed to identify eligible studies. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to estimate strength of associations. RESULTS: Totally 8 studies were included for analyses (10856 cases and 18801 controls). Pooled analyses suggested that rs9349379 polymorphism was significantly associated with CAD in overall population (dominant model: p=0.004, OR=1.39, 95%CI 1.11-1.73, I2 =91%; recessive model: p=0.002, OR=0.63, 95%CI 0.48-0.84, I2 =85%; over-dominant model: p=0.03, OR=0.89, 95%CI 0.80-0.99, I2 =59%; allele model: p=0.0002, OR=1.30, 95%CI 1.13-1.49, I2 =89%), and this significant finding was further confirmed in both Asians and Caucasians. However, no any positive findings were observed for rs2026458 polymorphism in pooled analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis suggested that rs9349379 polymorphism might affect individual susceptibility to CAD in both Caucasians and Asians. Future investigations need to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms of our positive findings.

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