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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064893

RESUMO

Tumor angiogenesis is required for tumor growth and metastasis. Interleukin 35 (IL35), a member of the interleukin 12 family, is a dimer comprised of IL12A and EBI3. Elevated plasma IL-35 levels have been reported to be associated with the occurrence and development of tumors. However, the role of IL35 in the angiogenesis of gastric cancer (GC) is still unclear. Here, we report that expression of IL35 is correlated with higher microvessel density (MVD), distant metastasis and poor prognosis in GC. Moreover, in vitro tube formation assays were performed to show that IL35 may contribute to the tube formation abilities of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). IL12A was observed to be the dominant subunit in promotion of tube formation. IL12A also inhibited expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP1) and enhanced expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI1) and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein 1 (IGFBP1) in a gastric cancer cell line. In conclusion, our data suggest that IL-35 is involved in angiogenesis and is associated with poor prognosis for GC.

2.
J Food Biochem ; : e13497, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029846

RESUMO

In this work, a comparison study was conducted on the contents of total flavonoids and hyperoside in different polarity extracts of Fructus rosae laxae (FRL). The lipid-lowering effect and mechanism of FRL ethyl acetate extract (FRLE) on the lipid accumulation model of Bel-7402 cells in vitro were studied. The results showed that the contents of total flavonoids and hyperoside in FRLE were significantly higher than those in the other polarity extracts. Compared with those in the model group, the levels of triglyceride and total cholesterol decreased, the activities of superoxide dismutase and lactate dehydrogenase increased, and the levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α decreased significantly in the cells intervened with FRLE. Moreover, FRLE can regulate lipid metabolism by activating the AMP-activated protein kinase α phosphorylation pathway and increasing the expression of adiponectin. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Fructus rosae laxae (FRL) is an edible medicinal fruit with multiple biological activities, such as antioxidation, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotective properties. However, the lipid-lowering activity of FRL and its mechanism of action have not yet been investigated. Our data indicate that the FRL extract, which contains high levels of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory components, plays a beneficial role in regulating lipid metabolism disorders, mainly by regulating the expression of proteins involved in the ADPN/AMPK signaling pathway, and reduces the release of inflammatory factors. Thus, the FRL extract effectively reduces the accumulation of free fatty acids (FFA) in vitro and exhibits considerable potential for the prevention and treatment lipid metabolism disorders.

3.
Exp Neurol ; 334: 113490, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33007295

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have a common pathology. Both diseases are characterized by local deposition of amyloid proteins in the brain or islet organ, but their phenotypes and clinical manifestation vary widely. Although the sources of islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) and amyloid beta (Aß) are independent, their fibrillar sequences are highly homologous. The prevalence of AD in T2DM populations is considerably higher than that in the normal population, but a mechanistic linkage remains elusive. Therefore, the present study aimed to explore the effects of Aß42 deposition in the brain on the persistently expression of human IAPP (hIAPP). Additionally, cognitive ability, synaptic plasticity, the state of neural stem cells and mitochondrial function were evaluated at 2 or 6 months after stereotaxically injected the oligomer Aß1-42 into the dentate gyrus of hIAPP (-/+) mice or the wild-type littermates. We found that Aß42 and amylin were co-located in hippocampus and Aß42 levels increased when Aß1-42 was injected in hIAPP transgenic mice compared with that of the wild-type littermates. Furthermore, at 6 months after Aß1-42 injection in hIAPP (-/+) mice, it exhibits exacerbated AD-related pathologies including Aß42 deposition, cognitive impairment, synapse reduction, neural stem cells exhaustion and mitochondrial dysfunction. Our present study suggested that hIAPP directly implicated the Aß42 production and deposition as an important linkage between T2DM and AD.

4.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 167, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether plasma proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) levels is a predictor for cardiovascular outcomes has currently been controversial. No data is currently available regarding the relation of PCSK9 to cardiovascular metabolic markers (CVMMs) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with diabetes or without diabetes. METHODS: A total 1225 untreated patients with stable CAD were consecutively enrolled and their baseline plasma PCSK9 levels were determined by ELISA. Patients were divided into high and low PCSK9 groups according to PCSK9 median. All patients followed up for the occurrence of MACEs and received standard therapy after admission. The associations of PCSK9 with CVMMs and MACEs were evaluated. RESULTS: PCSK9 levels were positively correlated with multiple CVMMs including total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hemoglobin A1c at baseline (all p < 0.05). During a median follow-up of 3.3 years, 103 (8.4%) events occurred. PCSK9 levels were higher in patients with events compared to those without (p < 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier analysis displayed that patients in high PCSK9 group had lower event-free survival than that in low group (p < 0.05). Multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that PCSK9 levels were independently associated with MACEs in diabetic patients (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 1.361, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.037-1.785, p < 0.05). When added the combination of PCSK9 levels and diabetic status to stratifying factors, patients in high PCSK9 group appeared to have extremely high risk of subsequent MACEs with diabetes (adjusted HR: 5.233, 95% CI: 2.546-10.757, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The present study firstly showed that elevated PCSK9 levels were related to multiple CVMMs and MACEs in stable CAD with diabetes, suggesting that plasma PCSK9 measurement could help to identify diabetic patients with CAD at higher cardiovascular risk. More studies may be needed to confirm our findings.

5.
J Transl Med ; 18(1): 373, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] and fibrinogen (Fib) are both associated with coronary artery disease (CAD). The atherogenicity of Lp(a) can be partly due to the potentially antifibrinolytic categories. We hypothesize that patients with higher Lp(a) and Fib may have worse outcomes. METHODS: In this prospective study, we consecutively enrolled 8,417 Chinese patients with stable CAD from March 2011 to March 2017. All subjects were divided into 9 groups according to Lp(a) (Lp(a)-Low, Lp(a)-Medium, Lp(a)-High) and Fib levels (Fib-Low, Fib-Medium, Fib-High) and followed up for CVEs, including nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality. Kaplan-Meier, Cox regression and C-statistic analyses were performed. RESULTS: During a median of 37.1 months' follow-up, 395 (4.7%) CVEs occurred. The occurrence of CVEs increased by Lp(a) (3.5 vs. 5.3 vs. 5.6%, p = 0.001) and Fib (4.0 vs. 4.4 vs. 6.1%, p < 0.001) categories. When further classified into 9 groups by Lp(a) and Fib levels, the CVEs were highest in the 9th (Lp(a)-High and Fib-High) compared with the 1st (Lp(a)-Low and Fib-Low) group (7.2 vs. 3.3%, p < 0.001). The highest risk of subsequent CVEs was found in the 9th group (HRadjusted 2.656, 95% CI 1.628-4.333, p < 0.001), which was more significant than Lp(a)-High (HRadjusted 1.786, 95% CI 1.315-2.426, p < 0.001) or Fib-High (HRadjusted 1.558, 95% CI 1.162-2.089, p = 0.003) group. Moreover, adding the combined Lp(a) and Fib increased the C-statistic by 0.013. CONCLUSION: Combining Fib and Lp(a) enhance the prognostic value for incident CVEs beyond Lp(a) or Fib alone.

6.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(3): 308-311, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043350

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Er: YAG) laser in the treatment of degree II bifurcation periodontitis. METHODS: Thirty patients(60 teeth) with grade II bifurcation lesions of chronic periodontitis were enrolled in this study. One week after supergingival scaling with ultrasound, the patients were randomly divided into experimental group: subgingival scaling with ultrasound and hand instruments + Er: YAG laser irradiation in periodontal pocket; control group: the contralateral homonymous teeth were treated with subgingival scaling with ultrasound and hand instruments alone. The changes of gingival index(GI), pocket depth(PD), horizontal probing depth (HPD) and attachment loss(AL) were compared between the two groups 12 and 20 weeks after treatment. SPSS 20.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Periodontal clinical indexes(GI, PD, HPD, AL) of the experimental group and control group were significantly reduced compared with baseline at 12 and 20 weeks after treatment(P<0.05). At 12 and 20 weeks after treatment, PD in the experimental group was (4.03±0.48) mm and (3.43±0.45) mm, (4.82±0.55) mm and (4.27±0.36) mm in the control group, respectively. The reduction of PD in the experimental group was significantly greater than that in the control group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in HPD between the two groups at 12 weeks after treatment. Twenty weeks after operation, HPD in the experimental group was found to be (3.01±0.34) mm and (3.78±0.29) mm in the control group. The decrease of HPD in the experimental group was significantly greater than that in the control group (P<0.05). GI and AL of the experimental group at 12 and 20 weeks were lower than those of the control group, but the difference was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: Er: YAG laser is safe and effective in the treatment of chronic periodontitis patients with grade II root bifurcation lesions with significant clinical value.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Raspagem Dentária , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Índice Periodontal , Bolsa Periodontal
7.
Cell Signal ; 76: 109781, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a common reason for acute cardio-cerebral vascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to clarify the functional effects of Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1) on atherosclerosis. METHODS: HUVECS were exposed to oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) in the current study. The proliferation ability of HUVECS was measured by 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazol-3-ium bromide (MTT). Flow cytometry assays were performed to evaluate the apoptosis of HUVECS. Ox-LDL caused inflammatory response and oxidative stress were assessed by checking pro-inflammatory cytokines and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), malondialdehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD). The regulatory roles of NGR1 in HUVECs were measured by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot assays. The interaction relationship between miR-221-3p and X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) or TNF-receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) was predicted by bioinformatics tools. Dual-luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays were used to confirm the interaction relationship. RESULTS: Currently, ox-LDL inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in HUVECs, which were alleviated by treatment with NGR1. Importantly, the increase of XIST in ox-LDL-induced HUVECs was abolished by NGR1. In addition, the gain-of-functional experiment suggested that the upregulation of XIST neutralized the protection effects of NGR1 in HUVECs treated with ox-LDL. In addition, miR-221-3p was a target of XIST in HUVECs as confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA pull-down assays. Furthermore, miR-221-3p interacted with TRAF6, and NGR1 regulated proliferation, apoptosis, inflammatory response, and oxidative stress in HUVECs exposed to ox-LDL by regulation of the XIST/miR-221-3p/TRAF6 axis through Nuclear Factor Kappa B (NF-κB) pathway. CONCLUSION: NGR1 could exert regulatory functions in ox-LDL-induced HUVECS by regulation of XIST/miR-221-3p/TRAF6 axis, which provided valuable insights into the development of potential therapeutic strategy for atherosclerosis.

8.
Ann Palliat Med ; 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921067

RESUMO

Pseudotumor is a rare complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA) with ceramic-onmetal (CoM) bearings. There is still in controversy about the using of CoM bearings when conducting surgery. We reported a case of a 47-year-old woman who underwent cementless CoM bearing THA because of left Crowe type III dislocation of the hip (DDH) in December 2009. One year after THA, she presented at our hospital complaining of crunching noise, pain, and decreased level of function. A revision surgery was performed because of left hip instability in December 2010, we adjusted the excessive anteversion of stem and replaced the head by using the long-neck ceramic head. In February 2019, she was admitted to our hospital complaining of repeated dislocation and fracture of greater trochanter. During the rerevision surgery, a pseudotumor and grey synovial sac were revealed. The metal liner was replaced with a ceramic liner and the greater trochanter was reattached using the Cable-Ready system. Clinical outcome was successful at 6 months postoperatively. This case vividly demonstrated CoM bearing should be avoided in THA. The pseudotumor highly destructed the periprosthetic soft tissues and the bone, which leaded to dislocation and periprosthetic fracture. The surgeon should be aware of the complication so that prompt diagnosis and treatment can be performed.

9.
Immunol Lett ; 227: 96-101, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891685

RESUMO

Programmed death ligand (PD-L) 2 and PD-L1 are the second and first ligands, respectively, for programmed cell death-1 protein (PD-1), which is one of the key factors responsible for inhibitory T cell signaling, mediating mechanisms of tolerance and providing immune homeostasis. Studies have shown that PD-1 and its ligand PD-L1 are abnormally expressed in autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis and autoimmune hepatitis, but its other ligand, PD-L2, has rarely been studied. This study analyzed the changes in membrane-bound PD-L2 expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and soluble PD-L2 (sPD-L2) levels in the serum of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to explore the relationship between PD-L2 expression with disease activity and related test parameters. Our results showed that membrane-bound PD-L2 expression on monocytes was significantly higher and the sPD-L2 levels were significantly lower in SLE patients than in healthy subjects. Patients with active SLE accompanied by lupus nephritis, joint pain, and clinical manifestations of oral ulcers had relatively low secretion of sPD-L2. In addition, this secretion level was significantly and positively correlated with complement components 3 and 4 (C3/C4). These results suggest that PD-L2 may be a promising biomarker associated with the pathogenesis of SLE.

11.
Contrast Media Mol Imaging ; 2020: 5418364, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922222

RESUMO

Objectives: To develop and validate a radiomics-based nomogram with texture features from mammography for the prognostic prediction in patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Methods: The study included 200 consecutive patients with TNBC (training cohort: n = 133, validation cohort: n = 67). A total of 136 mammography-derived textural features were extracted, and LASSO (least absolute shrinkage and selection operator) was applied to select features for building the radiomics score (Rad-score). After univariate and multivariate logistic regression, a radiomics-based nomogram was constructed with independent prognostic factors. The discrimination and calibration power were assessed, and further the clinical applicability of the nomograms was evaluated. Results: Among the 136 mammography-derived textural features, fourteen were used to build the Rad-score after LASSO regression. A radiomics nomogram that incorporates Rad-score and pN stage was constructed. This nomogram achieved a C-index of 0.873 (95% CI: 0.758-0.989) for predicting iDFS (invasive disease-free survival), which outperformed the clinical model. Moreover, it is feasible to stratify patients into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the optimal cut-off point of Rad-score. The validations of the nomogram confirmed favorable discrimination and considerable predictive efficiency. Conclusions: The radiomics nomogram that incorporates Rad-score and pN stage exhibited favorable performance in the prediction of iDFS in patients with early-stage TNBCs.

12.
J Microencapsul ; : 1-17, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964772

RESUMO

AIMS: to construct a self-assembly supramolecular drug delivery system (DDS) to co-deliver chlorin e6 (Ce6) and tripeptide tyroserleutide (YSL) and evaluate the anti-tumor effects. METHODS: a supramolecular DDS was constructed via self-assembly of Ce6 and YSL based on π-π stacking and hydrogen-bond interaction. The size, morphology, stability, in vitro drug release, cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, pharmacokinetics analysis and pharmacodynamics analysis were respectively studied. RESULTS: Ce6-YSL nanoparticles with a uniform size of 75 ± 3.5 nm (PDI =0.128) and monodispersed spherical morphology were constructed. The nanoparticles exhibited good stability with zeta potential -21.2 ± 1.73 mV. Under the weak acidic conditions, the accumulative drug release was 82.8% (w/w) (pH =6.0) and 91.5% (w/w) (pH =5.0), respectively, indicating that nanoparticles performed smart responsive properties and achieved controlled release characteristics in acidic tumor microenvironment. In addition, nanoparticles could easily enter the tumor cells and induce ROS production and inhibit cell proliferation in SMMCC-7721 cells with IC50 value 3.4 ± 0.023 µg/mL under laser irradiation. Furthermore, the nanoparticles could retain a much higher blood concentration in vivo and displayed excellent antitumor effect in tumor-bearing mice, showing no influence on body weight. CONCLUSIONS: This self-assembly supramolecular DDS can be used for combination of photodynamic therapy and chemotherapy in future research.

13.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 169: 112610, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961498

RESUMO

Development of sensitive, facile and rapid biosensors is important for widespread applications. Nanozymes can be ideal signal donors for constructing dual-readout lateral flow immunoassays (LFIA) because they are an excellent class of optical reporters. Herein, a magnetic prussian blue nanozyme (MPBN) mediated dual-readout on-demand multiplex lateral flow immunoassay (MLFIA) was established by employing ractopamine (RAC) and clenbuterol (CLE) as the model analytes. The MPBN was synthesized through in-suit shell-growing and introduced as a bifunctional signal tag owing to their darker original color and peroxidase-like activity. Based on the catalytic signal created by catalyzing oxidation of chromogenic substrate 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) and colorimetric signal generated by tag's original color, improved precision and broadened detection range were acquired by implementing a dual-readout strategy. And a two-fold increase in the detection range could fulfill different limit requirements of the same target in various regions. The obtained recoveries from 84.01% to 119.94% indicating the repeatability and reliability of the proposed method. This method provides an attractive platform for the detection of a same target with different detection limits, which possesses a considerable potential in monitoring of other targets.

14.
Spine J ; 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Anterior controllable antedisplacement and fusion (ACAF) is a novel surgical technique for the treatment of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Its prognostic factors for decompression have not been well studied. Additionally, no detailed radiological standard has been set for hoisting the vertebrae-OPLL complex (VOC) in ACAF. PURPOSE: To identify the possible prognostic factors for decompression outcomes after ACAF for cervical OPLL, to determine the critical value of radiological parameters for predicting good outcomes, and to establish a radiological standard for hoisting the VOC in ACAF. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective multicenter study. PATIENT SAMPLE: A total of 121 consecutive patients with OPLL who underwent ACAF at a point between January 2017 and June 2018 at any one of seven facilities and were monitored for at least 1 year afterward were enrolled in a multicenter study. OUTCOME MEASURES: Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores, recovery rate (RR) of neurologic function, and surgical complications were used to determine the effectiveness of ACAF. METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups according to their RR for neurologic function. Patients with an RR of ≥50% and an RR of <50% were designated as having good and poor decompression outcomes, respectively. The relationship between various possible prognostic factors and decompression outcomes was assessed by univariate and multivariate analysis. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the optimal cutoff value of the radiological parameters for prediction of good decompression outcomes. Next, the patients were redivided into three groups according to the cutoff value of the selected radiological parameter (postoperative anteroposterior canal diameter [APD] ratio). Patients with postoperative APD ratios of ≤80.7%, 80.7%-100%, and ≥100% were defined as members of the incomplete, optimal, and excessive antedisplacement groups, respectively. Differences in decompression outcomes among the three groups were compared to verify the reliability of the postoperative APD ratio and assess the necessity of excessive antedisplacement. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients' age at surgery (odds ratio [OR]=1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.08-1.29; p<.01) and postoperative APD ratio (OR=0.83; 95% CI=0.77-0.90; p<.01) were independently associated with decompression outcomes. The optimal cutoff point of the postoperative APD ratio was calculated at 80.7%, with 86.2% sensitivity and 73.5% specificity. There were no significant differences in the postoperative JOA scores and RRs between the excessive antedisplacement group and optimal antedisplacement group (p>.05). However, a lower incidence of cerebrospinal fluid leakage and screw slippage was observed in the optimal antedisplacement group (p<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients' age at surgery and their postoperative APD ratio are the two prognostic factors of decompression outcomes after ACAF. The postoperative APD ratio is also the most accurate radiological parameter for predicting good outcomes. Our findings suggest that it is essential for neurologic recovery to restore the spinal canal to more than 80.7% of its original size (postoperative APD ratio >80.7%), and restoration to less than its original size (postoperative APD ratio <100%) will help reduce the incidence of surgical complications. This may serve as a valuable reference for establishment of a radiological standard for hoisting the VOC in ACAF.

15.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 8257847, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908915

RESUMO

The ascomycete Cordyceps genus has been used as valued traditional Chinese medicine. Cordyceps kyushuensis is a unique species of Cordyceps, which parasitizes on the larvae of Clanis bilineata Walker, and its major component cordycepin and aqueous extract are known to have many pharmacological effects. However, the physiological function of water-soluble polysaccharides has not been explored in detail. In this study, to resolve these doubts, we extracted and separated Cordyceps-derived polysaccharides and then evaluated the immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities. Four polysaccharide fractions were purified from Cordyceps-cultured stroma by DEAE-cellulose 23 and Sephadex G-150 column chromatography. Basic structural information was elucidated on the basis of physicochemical property and spectroscopic evidences. The antioxidant activities were evaluated by a 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical method and protective effect of DNA damage. The qualified immunologic activities were also determined in vivo and in vitro. The polysaccharides could stimulate the proliferation of mouse splenocytes whether concanavalin A (ConA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) existed or not, strengthen peritoneal macrophages to devour neutral red, and increase the content of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in serum. The research provides the corresponding evidence for Cordyceps polysaccharides as a potential candidate for functional foods and therapeutic agents.

16.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720950637, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862715

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) remains among the most challenging pathologies worldwide and has limited therapeutic possibilities and a very bleak prognosis. Biomaterials and stem cell transplantation are promising treatments for functional recovery in SCI. Seven patients with acute complete SCI diagnosed by a combination of methods were included in the study, and different lengths (2.0-6.0 cm) of necrotic spinal cord tissue were surgically cleaned under intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring. Subsequently, NeuroRegen scaffolds loaded with autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) were implanted into the cleaned site. All patients participated in 6 months of rehabilitation and at least 3 years of clinical follow-up. No adverse symptoms associated with stem cell or functional scaffold implantation were observed during the 3-year follow-up period. Additionally, partial shallow sensory and autonomic nervous functional improvements were observed in some patients, but no motor function recovery was observed. Magnetic resonance imaging suggested that NeuroRegen scaffold implantation supported injured spinal cord continuity after treatment. These findings indicate that implantation of NeuroRegen scaffolds combined with stem cells may serve as a safe and promising clinical treatment for patients with acute complete SCI. However, determining the therapeutic effects and exact application methods still requires further study.

17.
Water Res ; 186: 116381, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916621

RESUMO

Traditional bioenergy recovery in the form of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) from waste activated sludge (WAS) is generally limited by economic unattractiveness and complexity of products separation. Herein, a novel biotechnology process of two-stage anaerobic fermentation for converting the WAS into high energy density, easy-separated medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs) and long-chain alcohols (LCAs) was evaluated. In this process, the WAS was first converted to WAS alkaline fermentation liquid (WASAFL), serving as electron acceptors (EAs) and inoculum, then adding ethanol as electron donor (ED) for chain elongation (CE). The co-production of MCFAs and LCAs during CE were studied under three different ED to EA ratios, i.e., 3:1, 4:1 and 5:1. Experimental results demonstrated that when the ratio of ED to EA increased from 3:1 to 5:1, the production of MCFA and LCAs respectively increased from 5.57 ±â€¯0.17 and 2.58 ±â€¯0.18 to7.67 ±â€¯0.48 and 4.21 ±â€¯0.19 g COD/L. A similar observation was made in the total product electron efficiency, increasing from 59.9% to 72.1%. However, the highest total product selectivity (i.e., 68.0%) and highest products production yield (i.e., 59.77%) were not achieved at the ED to EA ratio of 5:1 due to toxicity caused by higher accumulation of n-caproate. The kinetic analysis further confirmed that high ratio of ED to EA induced improvement in product maximum yield, production rate for both MCFAs and LCAs. Microbial community analysis indicated that Clostridium, Caproiciproducens, Acinetobacter, Exilispira, and Oscillibacter were clearly enriched in the CE reactor and had positive correlation with MCFAs and LCAs production.

18.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 36(3): 250-254, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981281

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the potential toxic effects and mechanisms of Tris(1; 3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) on thyroid in female SD rats.Methods: Thirty-two 3-weeks-old female SD rats were randomly divided into normal group(treated with corn oil ), and low/moderate/high-dose group treated with TDCIPP (dissolved in corn oil )(n=8). All rats were treated with corn oil or TDCIPP (50, 100, 250 mg/(kg·d)) once a day during a 21-day period. All rats were sacrificed after the last administration. Serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), 3,3',5-triiodothyronine (T3), 3,3',5,5'-tetraiodothyronine (T4), free 3,3',5,5'-tetraiodothyronine (FT4) were detected with ELISA kit. Morphology of thyroid was observed with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. Expressions of genes and proteins correlate with thyroid were measured respectively by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. Results: Compared with control group, morphology of thyroid showed follicles irregular arrangement, hypocolloid, and follicular hyperplasia in TDCIPP treatment groups. The levels of serum TSH in low-dose TDCIPP group and T3 in high-dose TDCIPP group were significantly higher than those in control group(P<0.05). Thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) mRNA expression was decreased distinctly in low-dose TDCIPP group, while the expression of thyroperoxidase (TPO) mRNA was increased notably in moderate and high-dose TDCIPP groups(P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with control group, the level of TRß protein was decreased significantly in moderate and high-dose TDCIPP groups, while the expressions of udp-glucuronosyl-transferases (UGTs) and cytochrome-p450-3A1 (CYP3A1) proteins were upregulated notably in TDCIPP treatment groups(P<0.05). Conclusion: Treated with 50 mg/(kg·d) TDCIPP can cause thyroid hyperplasia, change the levels of thyroid hormones, and disturb thyroid function, therefore, it has toxic effects on the thyroid.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32985779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adrenomedullin (ADM) possesses therapeutic potential for inflammatory diseases. Consequently, the effects of ADM on inflammation in visceral white adipose tissue (vWAT) of obese rats or in adipocytes were explored in this study. METHODS: Male rats were fed a high-fat diet for 12 weeks to induce obesity, and obese rats were implanted with osmotic minipumps providing constant infusion of ADM (300 ng/kg per hour) and continued to be fed a high-fat diet for 4 weeks. RESULTS: When compared with the control group, endogenous protein expression of ADM and ADM receptors in vWAT and in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated adipocytes was markedly increased. ADM significantly decreased the protein expression of the inflammatory mediators TNFα, IL-1ß, cyclooxygenase-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase in vWAT of obese rats and in adipocytes stimulated by LPS. It also inhibited the activation of the inflammatory signaling pathways MAPK and NF-κB induced by LPS in adipocytes. These effects of ADM in adipocytes were inhibited by the administration of ADM receptor antagonist and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) activation inhibitor. CONCLUSIONS: ADM can inhibit inflammation in WAT in obesity, which may be mediated by the activation of ADM receptors and PKA.

20.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the value of amide proton transfer-weighted imaging (APTWI) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in differentiating benign and malignant breast lesions and analyze the correlations between the derived parameters and prognostic factors of breast cancer. METHODS: One hundred thirty-five women underwent breast APTWI and DKI. The magnetization transfer ratio asymmetry (MTRasym (3.5 ppm)), apparent kurtosis coefficient (Kapp), and non-Gaussian diffusion coefficient (Dapp) were calculated according to the histological subtype, grade, and prognostic factors (Ki-67, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2), lymph node metastasis, and maximum lesion diameter). The differences, efficacy, and correlation between the parameters were determined. RESULTS: The Kapp value was higher and the Dapp and MTRasym (3.5 ppm) values were lower in the malignant group than in the benign group (all p < 0.001; AUC (Kapp) = 0.913, AUC (Dapp) = 0.910, and AUC (MTRasym (3.5 ppm)) = 0.796). The differences in the AUC between Kapp and MTRasym (3.5 ppm) and between Dapp and MTRasym (3.5 ppm) were significant (p = 0.023, 0.046). Kapp was moderately correlated with the pathological grade (|r| = 0.724) and mildly correlated with Ki-67 and HER-2 expression (|r| = 0.454, 0.333). Dapp was moderately correlated with the pathological grade (|r| = 0.648) and mildly correlated with Ki-67 expression (|r| = 0.400). MTRasym (3.5 ppm) was only mildly correlated with the pathological grade (|r| = 0.468). CONCLUSION: DKI is superior to APTWI in differentiating between benign and malignant breast lesions. Each parameter is correlated with some prognostic factors to a certain extent. KEY POINTS: • DKI and APTWI provide valuable information regarding lesion characterization. • Kapp, Dapp, and MTRasym (3.5 ppm) are valid parameters for the characterization of tissue microstructure. • DKI is superior to APTWI in the study of breast cancer.

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