Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.857
Filtrar
1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(11): 788-795, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823292

RESUMO

Objective: To study the difference between BRCA gene mutations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome (HBOC) and in sporadic ovarian cancer (SOC). Methods: This study was for exploratory research, the inclusion criteria were 284 patients with ovarian cancer admitted at Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital from November 2018 to December 2019, with high-throughput DNA sequencing including the full coding regions and exon-intron link regions of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene. Pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene of patients with ovarian cancer were collected and mutation site analysis was performed to compare phenotypic differences in pathogenic mutations between HBOC syndrome and SOC patients. Results: (1) Of the 284 ovarian cancer patients, seventy-seven had BRCA pathogenic mutations with a mutation rate of 27.1% (77/284), with BRCA1 mutation rate of 19.7% (56/284), BRCA2 gene 6.7% (19/284) and BRCA1/2 common mutation rate of 0.7% (2/284). Of the 284 patients with ovarian cancer, the pathogenic mutation rate in the BRCA gene in HBOC syndrome patients was 43.8% (32/73), which were significantly higher than that in SOC patients [21.3% (45/211); χ²=13.905, P<0.01]. Among BRCA1 gene mutation, the mutation rate in HBOC syndrome was higher than that of SOC [87.5% (28/32) vs 62.2% (28/45)], the BRCA2 gene mutation rate in patients with HBOC syndrome was lower than that in SOC patients [6.2% (2/32) vs 37.8% (17/45)], and there were statistically significant differences (all P<0.05). Two of the 77 patients with pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene were multisite mutations, including one simultaneous two site mutation, one simultaneous three site mutation. There were 80 mutation sites with frameshift deletion mutations (55.0%, 44/80) and nonsense mutations (31.2%, 25/80). (2) Of the 73 patients with HBOC syndrome, 32 cases had pathogenic mutations in BRCA gene, including 28 cases in BRCA1, mainly in exon 11 and 24 (9 and 7 cases, respectively), and only two cases in BRCA2, both in exon 11; another two had multiple locus mutations. Of the 211 patients with SOC, 45 cases had pathogenic mutants in BRCA gene, including 28 cases in BRCA1, mainly in exon 11 and 24 (15 and 2 cases, respectively), and 17 cases in BRCA2, mainly in exon 11 (11 cases). (3) Thirty-four pathogenic mutation sites in BRCA gene were found newly, twenty of them were located in the BRCA1 gene, including a locus located on the intron 6, 301+1G>A, and the remaining 19 sites were located on the exons, including 283_286delCTTG, 68_69delAG, 132C>T, 514_547+3del37, 742delA, 1126_1129delAATA, 1196delA, 1352_1364del, 1465G>T, 2171delC, 2341G>T, 3359_3363delTTAAT, 4085_4086ins11, 4161_4162delTC, 4165_4166delAG, 4258G>T, 4338_4339del8insAGAA, 4468G>T, and 4783delA; fourteen sites were located in the BRCA2 gene, including a locus located on the intron 7, 631+1G>A, and the remaining 13 sites were located on the exons, including 2648delT, 2914A>T, 2950_2951insG, 4357+1G>A, 5054C>T, 5257A>T, 5291_5292insTC, 5913delT, 3593delA, 6091_6092insA, 6135_6136delTT, 7452delT, 9097_9098insA. A tal of 28 repeat mutations were located in the BRCA1 gene; among them, the site 5470_5477del8 was repeated 6 times, while 3 times in 981_982delAT. Conclusions: Patients with HBOC syndrome have a significantly higher rate of pathogenic mutation in the BRCA gene than that in patients with SOC. BRCA gene pathogenic mutation sites in HBOC syndrome patients occur commonly in exon 11 and 24 of BRCA 1 gene, while SOC patients occur mainly in exon 11 and 24 of BRCA1 gene and exon 11 of BRCA2 gene. The two loci of BRCA1∶5470_5477del8, BRCA1∶981_982delAT may be ancestor mutations in Chinese ovarian cancer patients, and 34 newly discovered pathogenic mutations in the BRCA gene, enriching the BRCA gene mutation spectrum in the Chinese population.

2.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(11): 1008-1014, 2021 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34823302

RESUMO

Objective: Most patients with asymptomatic colorectal diverticulosis are easily overlooked. However, some of diverticulosis become diverticulitis, bleeding and even perforation, which cause extensive harm to patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze the incidence, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of colorectal diverticulosis in order to improve the clinical understanding of diverticulosis and its related complications. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was carried out. Clinical data of 554 patients with colorectal diverticulosis confirmed by CT, colonoscopy, digestive tract radiography or operation in Peking University First Hospital from January 2009 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with malignant tumors, autoimmune diseases, long term use of immunosuppressive drugs, chronic liver diseases and renal diseases, and mental disorders were excluded. The analysis parameters included gender, onset age, clinical symptoms, location of diverticulitis, treatment and prognosis. According to the criteria established by the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES), acute diverticulitis was divided into 5 stages based on the extension of the infectious process. Stage 0 was simple diverticulitis and stage 1-4 was complicated diverticulitis. Results: Among the 554 patients with colorectal diverticulosis, 358 (64.6%) were males, the median onset age was 63 years; 191 patients (34.5%) had various digestive symptoms, of whom 113 (20.4%) had chronic constipation and abdominal distension, 78 (14.1%) had chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain; the other 363 patients had no obvious abdominal symptoms. Four hundred and six patients were found by colonoscopy and 465 patients were found by CT. Twenty-five patients were diagnosed by lower gastrointestinal tract radiography and 3 were confirmed during operation. There were 339 patients with multiple diverticula (61.2%) and 215 patients with single diverticulum (38.8%). 76.5% (424/554) of diverticula were located in colon, 37.0% (205/554) in ascending colon, 21.3% (118/554) in multiple sites, and 2.2% (12/554) in rectum. The median diameter of diverticulum was 7 mm, and 78 cases (14.1%) was ≥30 mm. Forty-nine patients (8.8%) developed acute diverticulitis, including 13 patients with simple diverticulitis and 36 patients with complicated diverticulitis. Among 36 patients with complicated diverticulitis, 29 (80.6%) were males, 27 (75.0%) had recurrent abdominal pain and fever before onset; diverticula of 25 cases were located in sigmoid colon; 11 cases in ascending colon. Nine cases developed sigmoid colon perforation and 8 cases developed vesicocolonic fistula, and these 17 patients underwent surgical treatment. The other 19 cases with complicated diverticulitis developed gastrointestinal bleeding, of whom 18 cases were male, 11 cases were located in ascending colon; 13 cases were healed after conservative treatment, 4 cases received endoscopic hemostatic intervention, and 2 cases underwent surgery. Conclusions: Colorectal diverticulosis is more common in male patients, and CT and colonoscopy are main diagnostic methods. The symptoms of complicated colonic diverticulitis are related to the location of diverticulum. In addition to symptomatic treatment, surgical procedures are the most important treatments.

3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1321-1327, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749476

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of human coronavirus (HCoV) in hospitalized children with respiratory tract infection in Hebei region, providing evidence for the diagnosis and prevention of children with respiratory tract infection. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 1 062 HCoV positive children hospitalized for respiratory tract infection in Children's Hospital of Hebei Province from January 2015 to December 2020, aged from 33 days to 14 years, with a median age of 2 years. 27 932 (60.9%) were males and 17 944(39.1%) were females. And the gender, ages, seasonal distribution, HCoV-positive rates, co-detection distribution and clinical diagnosis of HCoV positive cases were analyzed by SPSS 25.0. Enumeration data were expressed by frequency and percentage; categorical variable were compared by the Pearson χ2test. Results: The overall HCoV-positive rate was 2.31% (1 062/45 876), which was 2.37% (662/27 932) in male children and 2.23% (400/17 944) in female children. There was no statistically significant difference between genders (χ²=0.916, P=0.339). Children at age groups<1 years (2.44%) and 1-<3 years (2.63%) had higher HCoV-positive rates than those at age groups 3-<5 years (1.97%) and ≥5 years (1.38%) (χ²=27.332,P<0.01). The HCoV-positive rates from 2015 to 2018 were 2.13%, 2.45%, 2.28% and 2.23%. The HCoV-positive rate of 2019 (1.71%) was significantly lower than in 2016 (χ²=12.05, P<0.01), 2017 (χ²=7.34, P=0.01) and 2018 (χ²=6.78, P=0.01), but there was no significant difference compared with 2015 (χ²=2.84, P=0.09). The HCoV-positive rate of 2020 (3.37%) was significantly higher than in 2015 (χ²=13.636, P<0.01), 2016 (χ²=11.099, P<0.01), 2017 (χ²=15.482, P<0.01), 2018(χ²=18.601, P<0.01) and 2019(χ²=45.580, P<0.01). The positive rate was highest in spring (March to May) in 2015 and 2017 to 2018. February to April and July to September of 2016 were the peak periods of positive detection. No obvious seasonal change was observed in 2019 and the HCoV-positive rate of 2020 was extremely low from January to July, following significantly increased from August to December. 26.37% (280/1 062) of HCoV were co-detected with other respiratory pathogens and the most frequently identified mixed detection was RSV. Three or more pathogens were detected in 7.34% (78/1 062) of the HCoV-positive samples. Bronchopneumonia and bronchiolitis were more frequently observed in the single HCoV positive (61.89% and 16.75%) children compared to co-detected children(34.29% and 9.64%)(χ²=63.394 and 8.228, P<0.01). However, compared to those with HCoV mono-detection, co-detected children were more likely to have severe pneumonia (4.6% and 47.14%) (χ²=280.171, P<0.01). Conclusions: HCoV is one of the respiratory pathogens in children in Hebei region and more prevalent in spring. The susceptible population of HCoV is mainly children under the age of 3 years old. HCoV often co-detects with other respiratory pathogens, and the co-infection is one of the risk factors of severe pneumonia in children with respiratory infection.


Assuntos
Coinfecção , Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Infecções Respiratórias , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estações do Ano
4.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(5): 470-475, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of mitochondrial metabolic functions of macrophages following Echinococcus multilocularis infections, so as to provide insights into the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis. METHODS: Two groups were assigned according to different treatment methods. In the culture group, mouse leukemic monocyte macrophage RAW264.7 cells were cultured with 2 000 E. multilocularis at a ratio of 500∶1, while RAW264.7 cells in the control group were given no treatment. Then, both the culture and control groups were further divided into the 24 h and 72 h subgroups. Mitochondria were stained with MitoTracker® Deep Red FM and the mean fluorescence intensity of macrophage mitochondria was measured with the Cytation 5 Cell Imaging Multi-Mode Reader. The mitochondrial DNA copy number was quantified using the quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the mitochondrial energy metabolism was monitored using the Seahorse XF assay. In addition, the mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected using flow cytometry. RESULTS: The mean fluorescence intensities of macrophage mitochondria were significantly lower in the 24 h (15 341 ± 2 532 vs. 17 823 ± 3 429; t = 6.379, P < 0.01) and 72 h (18 102 ± 3 505 vs. 21 511 ± 5 144; t = 17.680, P < 0.01) culture subgroups than in the corresponding control subgroups, and lower mitochondrial DNA copy numbers were measured in the 72 h culture subgroup than in the 72 h control group [(3.23 × 109 ± 1.78 × 107) vs. (4.39 × 109 ± 3.70 × 107); t = 8.85, P < 0.001]. The oxygen consumption rates were significantly greater in the 24 h [(241.70 ± 73.13) pmol/min vs. (69.05 ± 52.30) pmol/min; t = 7.89, P < 0.01] and 48 h culture groups [(249.50 ± 42.06) pmol/min vs. (60.28 ± 40.66) pmol/min; t = 8.64, P < 0.01] than in the corresponding control groups, and a higher extracellular acidification rate was seen in the 48 h culture group than in the 48 h control group ([ 111.6 ± 17.49) mpH/min vs. (35.05 ± 7.57) mpH/min; t = 16.90, P < 0.01]. In addition, flow cytometry detected higher mean fluorescence intensity of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (58 264 ± 10 087 vs. 4 307 ± 97; t = 12.930, P < 0.01) and lower mitochondrial membrane potential (9.833% ± 2.285% vs. 2.667% ± 0.208%; t = 6.645, P < 0.01) in the 72 h culture group than in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: E. multilocularis infection may impair mitochondrial functions and inhibit oxidative phosphorylation of macrophages, resulting in increased macrophage glycolysis. It is speculated that the alteration of macrophage metabolic states may contribute to the mechanisms underlying the development and progression of alveolar echinococcosis.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus multilocularis , Animais , Macrófagos , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias
5.
Rev Neurol (Paris) ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598780

RESUMO

To investigate the efficacy of resistance exercise on symptoms of vestibular migraine (VM) among migraine patients, a total of 385 VM patients were recruited, among whom 312 were eligible to participate in the current study. Patients were randomly allocated into either resistance exercise or relaxation control groups, and received respective interventions two times per week for 12 weeks. Patients were followed up at two and four months, respectively, to evaluate treatment effects. Primary outcomes included Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), the number of vertiginous attacks in the previous week and Vertigo Severity Scale (VSS). Secondary endpoints included depression and anxiety symptoms, which were measured using the scores of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Serum concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), were also assessed. Resistance exercise was slightly more pronounced in alleviating VM symptoms than relaxation control at two-month follow-up. While at four-month follow-up, the extents of the symptom attenuation were obviously better in the resistance exercise group than the relaxation control, in terms of VSS and DHI scores, as well as BDI and BAI scores. Serum levels of both TNF-α and IFN-γ were also significantly lower in patients in the resistance group than those in the relaxation control group. Our study favors an exercise-oriented treatment scheme in rehabilitating therapy for patients suffering from VM, and sheds light on the molecular mechanism potentially involving TNF-α and IFN-γ related inflammation pathways.

6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(37): 2982-2987, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638188

RESUMO

Objective: To study the specific alignment and structure of cancellous bone within the talus in order to understand the mechanism of force transmission within the bone and to provide some theoretical basis for the repositioning of talar fractures and the design of prostheses. Methods: In January 2020, a total of 40 adult talar bone specimens were scanned by Micro-CT in 20 pairs obtained from the Department of Orthopedics of Tianjin Hospital. The bone volume fraction, bone surface area fraction, trabecular thickness, number of trabeculae, trabecular pattern factor of the head, neck and body of the talus were calculated, and the differences in each parameter were compared between different parts of the same side and different sides of the same part, respectively. The talus was cut into 2 mm thick slices in the coronal, sagittal and horizontal planes using a hard tissue slicer, and the slices were then scanned using high-resolution X-rays to describe the bone structure. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the medial and lateral talar and right and left side in lateral trabecular bone volume fraction, bone surface area fraction, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, trabecular pattern factors (all P>0.05). The number of trabeculae in the talar head, neck and body was 1.608±0.150, 1.639±0.142 and 1.749±0.159, respectively; trabecular thickness (µm) in the talar head, neck and body was 0.378±0.054, 0.370±0.053 and 0.331±0.062, respectively; and the trabecular pattern factors (mm-1) in the talar head, neck and body was -0.407±0.699, -0.478±0.848 and -1.029±0.851, respectively. There were significant differences between talar head, neck and the talar body trabeculae in terms of the number of trabeculae, trabecular thickness,trabecular pattern factor parameters(all P<0.05). The structure of the talar body trabeculae was found to consist of plate trabeculae arranged vertically parallel to each other in the coronal, sagittal and horizontal planes. The talar neck trabeculae were twisted, external-superior to internal-inferior reticular plate structure that travelled posteriorly and anteriorly, and the talar head trabeculae consisted of similarly parallel aligned semi-arc-shaped external-superior and internal-inferior trabeculae. Conclusion: The talar trabeculae are clearly directional and functional, so anatomical reduction should be achieved after the fracture; at the same time, the design of the talar prosthesis should take into account the stress distribution and direction of the prosthesis during walking and standing.


Assuntos
Tálus , Articulação do Tornozelo , Radiografia , Tálus/diagnóstico por imagem , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Raios X
7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(15): 152702, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34678013

RESUMO

Fluorine is one of the most interesting elements in nuclear astrophysics, where the ^{19}F(p,α)^{16}O reaction is of crucial importance for Galactic ^{19}F abundances and CNO cycle loss in first generation Population III stars. As a day-one campaign at the Jinping Underground Nuclear Astrophysics experimental facility, we report direct measurements of the essential ^{19}F(p,αγ)^{16}O reaction channel. The γ-ray yields were measured over E_{c.m.}=72.4-344 keV, covering the Gamow window; our energy of 72.4 keV is unprecedentedly low, reported here for the first time. The experiment was performed under the extremely low cosmic-ray-induced background environment of the China JinPing Underground Laboratory, one of the deepest underground laboratories in the world. The present low-energy S factors deviate significantly from previous theoretical predictions, and the uncertainties are significantly reduced. The thermonuclear ^{19}F(p,αγ)^{16}O reaction rate has been determined directly at the relevant astrophysical energies.

8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(10): 889-896, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34674464

RESUMO

Objective: The surgical indications, resection extent and management principle of lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) in lower rectal cancer have been controversial between Eastern and Western countries. This study aims to provide a theoretical basis for the rational implementation of LLND by reviewing the changes of LLND strategy over the past 30 years in a single-center, and analyzing prognostic factors for the survival outcomes of patients with lateral lymph node metastasis (LLNM). Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed. Clinical data of 289 patients with rectal cancer who received LLND at the Department of General Surgery of Peking University First Hospital from 1990 to 2019 were collected. Patients were divided into three groups based on decades. There were 89 cases in 1990-1999 group, 92 cases in the 2000-2009 group, and 108 cases in the 2010-2019 group. Data analyzed: (1) patient baseline data; (2) surgery and postoperative recovery; (3) lateral lymph node dissection; (4) postoperative survival and prognosis of patients with positive lateral lymph nodes. The surgical methods and pathological results of LLND were compared between groups, and the prognostic risk factors of patients with LLNM were analyzed. Results: A total of 289 patients underwent radical resection with LLND' accounting for 6.3% of the 4542 patients with rectal cancer during the same period in our hospital. Except decade-by-decade increase in tumors with distance from anal verge ≤ 7 cm, the proportion of ulcerated tumors, and the proportion of neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy, the differences in other baseline data were not statistically significant among 3 decade groups (all P>0.05). The proportion of LLND in the 3 groups decreased decade by decade [9.9% (89/898) vs. 8.0% (92/1154) vs. 4.3% (108/2490), χ(2)=40.159, P<0.001]. The proportion of laparoscopic surgery and unilateral LLND increased, while the mean operative time, intraoperative blood loss, surgical complications above grade III and postoperative hospital stay decreased decade by decade. These 289 patients completed a total of 483 lateral dissections, including 95 cases of the unilateral dissection and 194 cases of the bilateral dissection. The proportion of LLND in the 3 groups decreased decade by decade [9.9% (89/898) vs. 8.0% (92/1154) vs. 4.3% (108/2510), P<0.001]. The median number of dissected lymph nodes in the internal iliac artery and obturator regions increased (2 vs. 3 vs. 3, P<0.001), but those in the common iliac and external iliac regions decreased significantly (4 vs. 3 vs. 2, P=0.014). A total of 71 patients with LLNM were identified. The rate of LLNM in the 2010-2019 group was significantly higher than that in the previous two groups [37.0% (40/108) vs. 16.9% (15/89) vs. 17.4% (16/92), P=0.001]. The patients with LLNM showed a poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) compared with negative lateral lymph nodes (P<0.001). There were statistically significant differences in 5-year OS rate (30.9% vs. 27.2% vs. 0, P=0.028) and 5-year DFS rate (28.3% vs. 16.0% vs. 0, P=0.038) among patients with only internal iliac lymph node metastasis, patients with only obturator lymph node metastasis, and patients with external iliac or common iliac lymph node metastasis. Multivariate analysis of prognostic factors showed that external iliac or common iliac lymph node metastasis was an independent risk factor for OS (HR=1.649, 95%CI: 1.087-2.501) and DFS (HR=1.714, 95%CI: 1.173-2.504) in patients with LLNM (all P<0.05) . The OS and DFS were not significant different in patients with LLNM among 3 decade groups. Conclusions: In the past decade, the proportion of LLND in rectal cancer has decreased significantly. However, LLNM rate has been significantly increased due to preoperative imaging assessments focusing on suspicious LLNM without compromising the survival. Internal iliac artery and obturator lymph nodes can be regarded as regional lymph nodes with a satisfactory prognosis after LLND. For suspected external iliac or common iliac lymph node metastasis, the significance of LLND remains to be further evaluated.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias Retais , Dissecação , Humanos , Linfonodos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(10): 970-977, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689467

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the research trend and scope of prevention of central venous catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in burn patients. Methods: The scoping review method was adopted. Pre-retrieval was carried out with search terms of ", , " and "central venous catheter, infection, catheter-related bloodstream infection, burn". On the basis of pre-retrieval, different retrieval formulas were formulated to retrieve researches related to central venous CRBSI in burn patients in China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang Database, VIP Database, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library from the establishment of each database to August 2020. Data were extracted from the included literature, including the first author, research publication time, research country, research type, diagnosis basis and intervention measures of central venous CRBSI, research sample selection, incidence related to infection, and research conclusion. Results: A total of 20 randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies, case-control studies, cohort studies, and implementation researches published in 1990-2020 were included in this study with the first authors from China, the United States of America, or Argentina. The diagnostic bases for central venous CRBSI in burn patients were not uniform in the included literature, including adopting the Guidelines of American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Diagnostic Criteria for Nosocomial Infection, and other diagnostic criteria without specifying the source. The intervention measures included the use of new materials such as antibiotics coated catheter and ethanol impregnated port protectors, multidisciplinary cooperation, and comprehensive preventive measures. The sample size in the included literature was small, and the sample selection was different, including the number of patients and the the number of placement of central venous catheter. The outcome indicators for infection in the included literature were diversified. The incidence per 1 000 days of central venous CRBSI was 20.41‰-29.1‰ of patients in control group in China, the incidence per 1 000 days of central venous CRBSI was mostly <16.6‰ in control group in foreign countries, and the incidence of central venous CRBSI was decreased to varying degrees after implementing the corresponding intervention measures. Related research conclusions showed that new materials, multidisciplinary cooperation, and comprehensive preventive measures had good effects on prevention of central venous CRBSI in burn patients. Conclusions: The researches on prevention of central venous CRBSI in burn patients in China start early and the research types are diversified. The diagnostic criteria of central venous CRBSI in burn patients are not uniform, intervention measures have shifted from standardizing relevant operational measures to exploring the prevention effects of new materials, multidisciplinary cooperation, and multiple measures, and the latter has good effects on preventing central venous CRBSI in burn patients.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Queimaduras , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Infecção Hospitalar , Bacteriemia/prevenção & controle , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/epidemiologia , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
10.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 111(3S): e403, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34701371

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Recent landmark trials have suggested a survival benefit to definitive tumor directed therapies (DTDT) for selected patients with metastatic disease for various malignancies. We sought 1) to confirm the prognostic significance of metachronous oligometastatic burden for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and 2) to evaluate disease outcomes for oligometastatic HPV-associated OPSCC after upfront DTDT versus upfront systemic therapy. MATERIALS/METHODS: This was a single institution retrospective observational cohort study of patients with HPV-associated OPSCC who developed metachronous metastases ≥3 months after primary treatment with trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) from 2008-2017. At metastatic presentation, patients were classified as oligometastatic (≤5 metastases) or polymetastatic (> 5 metastases). Treatment was classified as DTDT (all metastases initially treated with surgery/radiotherapy) or as upfront systemic therapy. Overall survival (OS) was compared using log-rank tests at a significance of P < 0.05. Univariable and multivariable (MV) Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the association of patient, disease, and treatment characteristics with survival. Variables with P < 0.15 on univariable analysis (initial metastatic treatment, metastatic site, and number of metastases) were included in the multivariable model. RESULTS: Of 676 patients undergoing primary surgical management for HPV-associated OPSCC, 36 patients subsequently developed metachronous metastases. For those 36 patients, the median follow-up time after surgery was 27.5 months (range 4.5-127.0), and the median OS was 42.8 months. The median age at distant metastasis was 62 (range 32-86), and most patients were male (86.1%) and Caucasian (97.2%). Overall, 27 patients presented with oligometastasis and 9 with polymetastasis. Oligometastatic patients had improved median OS compared to polymetastatic patients (47.9 vs. 22.7 months, P = 0.020). For the 27 oligometastatic patients, 12 were initially treated with DTDT while 15 received systemic therapy. DTDT was associated with an improved median OS when compared to systemic therapy (median OS not reached for DTDT vs 40.7 months, P = 0.021), with 3 year OS of 90.0% and 55.0% respectively. DTDT was also associated with improved OS on MV Cox regression (hazard ratio = 0.06, 95% CI 0.004-0.73, P = 0.027) compared to systemic therapy when controlling for number of metastases and metastatic site. CONCLUSION: Our study findings suggest that the extent of metastatic disease at metastatic presentation is related to prognosis, with oligometastasis associated with improved overall survival compared to polymetastasis. Among patients with oligometastatic disease, initial DTDT is associated with superior overall survival when compared to upfront systemic therapy.

11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2885-2892, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587729

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) in adult hypopituitary patients (HP). Methods: Patients diagnosed with HP in the outpatient or inpatient department of the endocrinology department in West China Hospital from January,2012 to December,2019 were selected as the experimental group (HP group), and patients with normal pituitary function treated for saddle lesions were selected as the control group. HP patients with or without MS were divided into MS group and non-MS group HP patients were divided into four groups according to the level of growth hormone by the quartile method (GH>0.35 µg/L、0.13 µg/L0.35 µg/L、0.13 µg/L

Assuntos
Hormônio do Crescimento Humano , Síndrome Metabólica , Adulto , HDL-Colesterol , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos
13.
Phys Rev Lett ; 127(9): 090504, 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506165

RESUMO

The ability to manipulate quantum systems lies at the heart of the development of quantum technology. The ultimate goal of quantum control is to realize arbitrary quantum operations (AQUOs) for all possible open quantum system dynamics. However, the demanding extra physical resources impose great obstacles. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a universal approach of AQUO on a photonic qudit with the minimum physical resource of a two-level ancilla and a log_{2}d-scale circuit depth for a d-dimensional system. The AQUO is then applied in a quantum trajectory simulation for quantum subspace stabilization and quantum Zeno dynamics, as well as incoherent manipulation and generalized measurements of the qudit. Therefore, the demonstrated AQUO for complete quantum control would play an indispensable role in quantum information science.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(35): 2787-2791, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34551495

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of two-lung ventilation with different tidal volume assisted by CO2 pneumothorax for airway management in patients undergoing radical esophagectomy using combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic approach. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients undergoing radical esophagectomy using combined thoracoscopy and laparoscopy under general anesthesia from the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University between February and September 2019 were randomly divided into three groups (group V1, V2, V3, n=60) according to the tidal volume (TV) used. The TVs of group V1-V3 were 4, 5, 7 ml/kg during thoracoscopic surgery, respectively. All the patients were intubated with a single-lumen endotracheal tube and underwent two-lung ventilation assisted by continuous positive pressure CO2 pneumothorax in group V1, V2 and V3, with the CO2 pressure of 10 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and the frequency of 20 times/min. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) were recorded before thoracoscopic surgery (T1), 30 minutes after thoracoscopic surgery (T2), at the end of thoracoscopic surgery (T3), after thoracoscopic surgery and 30 minutes after two-lung intermittent positive pressure ventilation, respectively. The results of arterial blood gas were collected at T1, T2, T3 and T4. Recovery time from anesthesia, consciousness recovery time, and lung collapse condition were recorded. Results: At T2, the value of MAP in group V1 was (81±10) mmHg, which was higher than those of group V2 [(69±7) mmHg] and group V3 [(71±8) mmHg], with a statistically significant difference (F=9.270, P<0.05). Meanwhile, at T2, the value of HR in group V1 was (83±7) times/min, which was higher than those of group V2 [(68±6) times/min] and group V3 [(71±7) times/min], and there was a statistically significant difference (F=23.460, P<0.05). However, at T2, the values of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) in three groups were (262±16), (249±16) and (241±20) mmHg, respectively, with no statistically significant difference (F=1.929, P>0.05). At T3, the value of arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) in group V3 was (46±5) mmHg, which was lower than those of group V1 [(63±9) mmHg] and V2 [(62±10) mmHg], with a statistically significant difference (F=20.890, P<0.05). Moreover, at T3, the value of pH in group V3 was (7.35±0.04), which was higher than those of group V1 (7.28±0.04) and V2 (7.32±0.04), and there was a statistically significant difference (F=9.309, P<0.05). Additionally, the satisfaction rates of lung collapse in group V3 was 57.1%, which was lower than those of group V1 (94.7%) and group V2 (96.3%), with a statistically significant difference (χ²=7.601, P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in the time of awakening and consciousness recovery among three groups (F=1.020 and 1.110, both P>0.05). Conclusion: The two-lung ventilation with 5 ml/kg tidal volume assisted by CO2 pneumothorax has advantages in terms of hemodynamics and surgical field exposure, and is more suitable as the appropriate dose for respiratory management in patients undergoing radical resection of esophageal cancer using combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic approach.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Laparoscopia , Pneumotórax , Dióxido de Carbono , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Pulmão , Respiração Artificial , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(9): 949-954, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530578

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical pathological and epidemiological characteristics of primary esophageal malignant melanoma (PMME). Methods: The clinical pathology data of 180 PMME patients in the esophageal cancer database of the key laboratory of esophageal cancer research in Henan Province from 1973 to 2016 were collected, of which 136 were male, aged (58.5±9.0) years, 44 were female, aged (56.7±12.2) years. Kaplan-Meier and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, Cox regression scale model was used for risk factor analysis. Results: The incidence of PMME is 0.036% (180/500, 000), mostly were male (about 3∶1 for men: female). The common sites of PMME were the lower part of the esophagus (48.9%, 85/174), followed by the middle section of the esophagus (46.0%, 80/174) and the upper part of the esophagus (5.2%, 9/174). No black particles were seen in the PMME cells of 3 patients under microscope, and strong positive expressions of Melan-A and HMB453 were observed in these 3 patients by immunohistochemical results. Of the 129 patients who had a routine preoperative esophageal biopsy, 69 were undiagnosed with PMME (53.5%). The medium survival time of the whole group was 7.9 months, and the survival rates of 1, 2, 3, 5 years were 25.0%, 7.9%, 6.6% and 1.3%, respectively. The univariate analysis showed that N, M, TNM phase and radiotherapy were related to the overall survival of patients (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that TNM phase and radiotherapy were the independent risk factors for overall survival of patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: PMME is more common in men, the common site of the disease is the lower part of the esophagus. The preoperatively missed diagnosis rate of Chinese PMME is high. TNM phase and radiotherapy are the independent risk factors for overall survival of patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Melanoma , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(30): 2392-2399, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404133

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between urinary sodium excretion and fluid overload (FO) in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods: Patients with CKD stage 1-4 who underwent bioelectrical impedance (BIA) in the Department of Nephrology, Jiangsu Province Hospital from December 2019 to January 2021 were recruited. All enrolled patients were categorized into two groups according to whether or not they develop FO. Further, clinical parameters were compared between the two groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to investigate the association between over hydration/extracellular water (OH/ECW) and clinical characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between urinary sodium excretion and FO (FO was defined as OH/ECW≥7%). Results: A total of 385 patients with CKD stage 1-4 were finally included in the study, with a mean age of (46±15) years. There were 216 male cases (56.1%), and 150 cases (39.0%) existed FO. Spearman correlation analysis indicated that OH/ECW positively correlated with urinary sodium excretion (r=0.147, P=0.004), urinary protein excretion (r=0.555, P<0.001) and systolic blood pressure (r=0.241, P<0.001), but inversely related to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (r=-0.111, P=0.030) and serum albumin (r=-0.659, P<0.001). After adjusting for confounding factors including age, systolic blood pressure, diabetes, urinary protein excretion, serum albumin, serum sodium, serum chlorine, urinary calcium excretion, urinary phosphorus excretion and use of diuretics, multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that higher level of urinary sodium excretion was associated with increased risk of FO in patients with CKD (OR=1.005, 95%CI: 1.000-1.011, P=0.048). Conclusion: High urinary sodium excretion is independently associated with fluid FO in non-dialysis patients with CKD.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Sódio , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Impedância Elétrica , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 583-590, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455746

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological features of intravascular NK and T cell lymphoma for better understanding of such disease to reduce misdiagnosis and miss-diagnosis. Methods: Clinical and pathological features were analyzed retrospectively in one case of intravascular peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (IVPTCL, NOS) , with literatures review. Results: The case presented in this study was a 66-year-old man. PET/CT scan showed multiple lymph nodes enlargement throughout the body. Normal lymph node structure could not be observed by tissue biopsy, while lymph follicles were partially disrupted. High-power light microscope revealed a large number of blood vessels with diffuse proliferation and dilation, where atypical lymphoid cell mass was restricted in the lumen and partially infiltrated the large blood vessel wall. These tumor cells were medium to large with moderate cytoplasm. The nucleus was irregular, single or multiple nucleoli could be seen, chromatin was condensed, some were empty and bright, and mitotic figures could be seen. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the neoplastic cells were positive for expression of CD3, CD43, CD8, GrB, TIA-1 and perforin. EBER in situ hybridization result was negative. Polymerase chain reaction test identified a clonal gene rearrangement of T-cell receptor γ. The patient was treated with CHOP in combination with chidamide, but died of infection and cardiopulmonary failure within 2 months. 56 cases of intravascular NK/T cell lymphoma with definite classification were collected from relevant literatures, including 47 cases with nasal type of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (27 were male and 20 were female) , 8 cases with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (3 males and 5 females) , and only one case with de nova IVPTCL, NOS in brain. We report the second case of IVPTCL,NOS, and notably originated from lymph node for the first time. Conclusions: Intravascular NK/T cell lymphoma is a highly aggressive disease with no effective treatment at present. Involvement of Lymph node has rarely been reported, and further studies on more cases are necessary.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK , Linfoma de Células T Periférico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização In Situ , Masculino , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Little is known regarding fetal growth patterns of monochorionic twins complicated by type 3 selective fetal growth restriction (sFGR). We aimed to assess fetal growth and Doppler patterns in type 3 sFGR across gestation and evaluate the effect of changing Doppler flow patterns on growth and intertwin weight discordance. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all type 3 sFGR pregnancies managed at nine fetal centers over a 12-year time period. Higher-order multiples, major fetal anomalies, or other monochorionicity-related complications at initial presentation were excluded. Estimated fetal weights (EFW) for each twin pair in each of five gestational age blocks (16-20, 21-24, 25-28, 29-32 and above 32 weeks' gestation) were reviewed and compared to singleton growth as well as uncomplicated monochorionic twin growth. EFW and intertwin growth discordance were compared between pregnancies with normalization of umbilical artery Dopplers of the smaller twin and those with persistently abnormal Dopplers . RESULTS: 328 pregnancies (656 fetuses) met the study criteria. In type 3 sFGR, the smaller twin was smaller than the average singleton fetus (z-score ranging from -1.52 at 16 weeks to -2.7 at 36 weeks) and the average monochorionic twin (z-score ranging from -1.73 at 16 weeks to -1.49 at 36 weeks), throughout the entire pregnancy, while the larger twin was larger than an average singleton fetus until 22 weeks' gestation and similar in weight to an average monochorionic twin throughout gestation. As pregnancy advanced, both twin's growth velocities decreased with the larger twin remaining appropriately grown and the smaller twin becoming more growth restricted. Intertwin growth discordance remained stable throughout gestation. In multivariable longitudinal modelling, normalization of fetal Dopplers was associated with better growth of the smaller twin (p=0.002) but not the larger twin (p=0.1), without affecting the intertwin growth discordance (p=0.08). CONCLUSION: Abnormal fetal growth of the smaller twin in type 3 sFGR was evident from early in pregnancy, while the larger twin's growth remained normal throughout gestation. Normalization of Dopplers resulted in improved fetal growth of the smaller twin. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

19.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-6, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The perinatal outcomes in second-trimester abdominal circumference (AC) discordant twins are yet to be established. The aim of this study was to ascertain perinatal risks associated with second-trimester AC discordance in monochorionic (MC) twins. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective study of all MC twin pregnancies over a 7-year period. Intertwin AC discordance at 14-26 gestational weeks was analyzed in relation to Doppler abnormalities, obstetric complications, and perinatal adverse outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 246 MC twin pregnancies were included in the analysis. The smaller twins of second-trimester AC discordant pairs were at increased prevalence of abnormal umbilical artery flow (50% versus 24%, p < .001) and low positive A wave of ductus venous flow (24% versus 9%, p = .002). The second-trimester AC discordant twins were at increased risk of oligohydramnios in smaller twin (OR = 2.44, 95% CI = 1.37-4.32, p < .01), cardiomegaly in larger twin (OR = 2.95, 95% CI = 1.01-8.60, p < .05), birth weight of either twin below the 10th percentile for gestational age (OR = 5.56, 95% CI = 2.67-11.59, p < .001), birth weight discordance > 25% (OR = 9.41, 95% CI = 4.46-19.87, p < .001), IUFD (OR = 3.26, 95% CI = 1.76-6.05, p < .001), and severe neonatal morbidity (OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.03-3.26, p < .05). The intact survival rate in discordant and concordant twin pairs was 70% and 89%, respectively (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Early and increase fetal surveillance of the second-trimester AC discordant twins should be utilized to establish perinatal risks, thus allowing prenatal care to improve.

20.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(13): 4627-4638, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286504

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Global health resources have faced huge challenges from the pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) since December 2019. Numerous clinical reports have focused on the association of serum amyloid A (SAA) levels with severe COVID-19. However, a systematic analysis synthesizing these findings has not been performed. This meta-analysis aims to systematically review the role of SAA levels in distinguishing among patients with mild, severe, and critical COVID-19. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive literature search was conducted in the PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases from the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak to February 1, 2021. Two investigators independently reviewed suitable studies. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMDs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and correlation coefficients (r) were computed using a random-effects model. RESULTS: We included 19 of 317 titles identified by our search, involving a total of 1806 mild cases and 1529 severe cases. Compared with the mild group, the severe group had markedly higher SAA levels (SMD=1.155, 95% CI 0.89, 1.42). Subgroup analysis revealed that the SAA level differences between the severe group and the mild group were associated with age, sample size, and detection method. Sensitivity analyses showed the credibility and robustness of our results. In addition, in six studies involving 1144 patients with severe COVID-19 and 433 patients with critical COVID-19, SAA was significantly higher in patients with critical COVID-19 (SMD=0.476, 95% CI 0.13, 0.82). CONCLUSIONS: High circulating SAA levels were markedly associated with COVID-19 severity, especially for subjects aged less than 50 years, compared with patients with mild COVID-19. SAA concentrations were also significantly higher in patients with critical COVID-19 compared with those with severe COVID-19. Further studies in large cohorts are needed to confirm whether the SAA is a useful tool in discriminating among patients with stable COVID-19, those with acute exacerbations, and subjects without disease.


Assuntos
COVID-19/sangue , Proteína Amiloide A Sérica/análise , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...