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1.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(12): 8493-8504, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633295

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (MiRNAs, MiRs) represent a class of conserved small non-coding RNAs that affect post-transcriptional gene regulation and play a vital role in angiogenesis, proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. They are essential for a wide range of physiological and pathological processes, especially for vascular diseases. However, data concerning miRNAs in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) remain incomplete. We explored miRNAs that modulate angiogenesis in EPCs and thrombolysis, and analysed their underlying mechanisms using a DVT model, dual-luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, Western blot, immunofluorescence staining, flow cytometry analysis, CCK-8 assay, angiogenesis assay, wound healing and Transwell assay. We found that miR-205 enhanced the homing ability of EPCs to DVT sites and promoted thrombosis resolution and recanalization, which significantly reduced venous thrombus. Additionally, we demonstrated that miR-205 overexpression significantly enhanced angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro, migration, invasion, F-actin filaments and proliferation in EPCs, and inhibited cell apoptosis. Conversely, down-regulation of miR-205 played the opposite role in EPCs. Importantly, this study demonstrated that miR-205 directly targeted PTEN to modulate the Akt/autophagy pathway and MMP2 expression, subsequently playing a key role in EPC function and DVT recanalization and resolution. These results elucidated the pro-angiogenesis effects of miR-205 in EPCs and established it as a potential target for DVT treatment.

2.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(9): 639-646, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the mediating effect of body dissatisfaction in correlation between obesity and dietary behavior changes for weight loss (DBCWL). METHODS: A total of 680 primary and middle school students were included in this study. Their body height, weight, and waistline were effectively measured, and they were also evaluated to assess their body dissatisfaction, perception of dietary behaviors, and DBCWL. The correlation among these factors was analyzed using mediating effect models. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity was significantly higher in males than in females (P < 0.05). Overweight/obesity, abdominal obesity, and body dissatisfaction significantly increased the risk for DBCWL (OR = 2.57, 2.77, and 1.95, respectively). Overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity significantly increased the risk for body dissatisfaction (OR = 6.00 and 4.70, respectively). Significant mediating effects of body dissatisfaction were observed in correlation between overweight/obesity and DBCWL and between abdominal obesity and DBCWL (OR = 2.20 and 1.92, respectively; P < 0.05), and the proportions of mediating effects among the total effects were 48.89% and 46.60%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Body dissatisfaction might play an important mediating effect in association between DBCWL and obesity, which indicates that guiding children to correctly recognize their body might be more conducive than promoting obese children toward weight loss through dietary behavior changes.

3.
Future Med Chem ; 11(17): 2263-2272, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581911

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the underlying mechanisms of metformin on the angiogenic capacity of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Results: EPC growth and miR-221 expression decreased concentration-dependence with metformin, and a negative correlation was observed between miR-221 expression and metformin concentration (p < 0.001). miR-221 overexpression using a mimic decreased the metformin-mediated angiogenic effects in EPCs (p < 0.01). Metformin increased p27 and LC3II expression and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, and decreased p62 expression, while miR-221 overexpression reversed the effects of metformin. Additionally, AMPK inhibition by compound C reversed the increase in p27 and LC3II levels and AMPK phosphorylation or miR-221 siRNA treatment. Conclusion: Metformin inhibits the angiogenic capacity of EPCs. The underlying mechanism involves AMPK-mediated autophagy pathway activity and increases miR-221-mediated p27 expression.

4.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(8): e201900802, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618402

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To reveal the function of miR-134 in myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the expression of miR-134, nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) and apoptotic-associated proteins. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Hoechst 33342/PI double staining and flow cytometry assay were implemented in H9c2 cells, respectively. MiR-134 mimic/inhibitor was used to regulate miR-134 expression. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assay were utilized to identify the interrelation between miR-134 and NOS3. Rescue experiments exhibited the role of NOS3. The involvement of PI3K/AKT was assessed by western blot analysis. RESULTS: MiR-134 was high regulated in the myocardial ischemia model, and miR-134 mimic/inhibitor transfection accelerated/impaired the speed of cell apoptosis and attenuated/exerted the cell proliferative prosperity induced by H/R regulating active status of PI3K/AKT signaling. LDH activity was also changed due to the different treatments. Moreover, miR-134 could target NOS3 directly and simultaneously attenuated the expression of NOS3. Co-transfection miR-134 inhibitor and pcDNA3.1-NOS3 highlighted the inhibitory effects of miR-134 on myocardial H/R injury. CONCLUSION: This present work puts insights into the crucial effects of the miR-134/NOS3 axis in myocardial H/R injury, delivering a potential therapeutic technology in future.


Assuntos
Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/uso terapêutico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Cell Transplant ; 28(8): 1045-1052, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31062611

RESUMO

It is important to investigate the clinical characteristics and identify the stroke mechanisms of patients with autoimmune disease-related stroke, which are necessary for early etiology diagnosis, accurate treatment and preventive strategies. In this article we retrospectively studied eight cases of acute ischemic stroke associated with autoimmune diseases, and without competing conventional stroke etiologies. The characteristics of stroke (clinical and radiological features), the laboratory tests especially serum D-dimer levels (as a marker of hypercoagulable state), and embolic signals on transcranial Doppler were evaluated for all eight patients. High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI), which can help to evaluate vasculitis was performed in four patients. The possible underlying mechanisms of these cases were discussed based on these manifestations. As a result, autoimmune diseases in our study included systemic lupus erythematosus (n=5), mixed connective tissue disease (n=1), central nervous system vasculitis (n=1), and Takayasu arteritis (n=1). All eight patients presented with acute infarction lesions in ≥2 vascular territories. Most patients presented with numerous small and medium infarction lesions located in the cortical and subcortical areas. Multiple stroke mechanisms were involved in these cases, including hypercoagulability (n=4), cardiac embolism (n=1) and vasculitis (n=3). Embolic signals could be detected on transcranial Doppler in all three stroke mechanisms. In conclusion, our study revealed the characteristics of autoimmune disease-related stroke. For patients with multiple acute cerebral infarcts within non-single arterial territories, autoimmune disease is an important etiology not to be neglected. Multiple stroke mechanisms were involved in these cases.

6.
Kaohsiung J Med Sci ; 35(1): 39-48, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30844146

RESUMO

An association between genetic polymorphisms in encoding X-ray repair cross complementing group 1 (XRCC1) and encoding xeroderma pigmentosum group D (XPD) and risks of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in East Chinese Han population has been observed. Herein we hypothesized that genetic polymorphisms in these two DNA repair genes are likely to be important in the NSCLC in Chinese nonsmoking female patients. We recruited 327 nonsmoking female patients with NSCLC and 342 individuals with benign lung diseases or healthy controls. Genotype frequencies of XRCC1 T-77C, Arg194Trp, Arg280His and Arg399Gln, Pro206Pro, and XPD Asp312Asn and Lys751Gln were calculated after Polymerase Chain Reaction amplification and sequencing. Generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) was used to detect the interactive effect of XRCC1 and XPD gene polymorphisms. The ratio of cooking oil mist exposure history and soot exposure history, and the gene frequencies of XRCC1 T-77C TC + CC, XRCC1 AG + GG, XRCC1 399Gln/Gln, and XPD 751Gln/Gln were higher in female patients with NSCLC than those with benign lung diseases or healthy controls. The haplotypes of XRCC1 T-Arg-Arg-Gln and XRCC1 C-Arg-Arg-Arg were positively associated with the NSCLC occurrence in nonsmoking female patients. GMDR discovered that there was an interactive model of XRCC1 and XPD genes in multiple gene loci. Logistic regression analysis showed that XRCC1 T-77C, XRCC1 Pro206Pro polymorphism, cooking oil mist and soot exposure history and tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage were related to NSCLC occurrence for nonsmoking female patients. Taken together, XRCC1 and XPD polymorphisms, cooking oil mist, and soot exposure history may be interactively correlated with NSCLC incidence for nonsmoking female patients.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Proteína 1 Complementadora Cruzada de Reparo de Raio-X/genética , Xeroderma Pigmentoso/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Haplótipos/genética , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Genéticos , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Fuligem
7.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 1717-1723, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30863180

RESUMO

Background: C14orf159, a new protein, has been identified recently. But its expression in tissues and clinicopathologic correlation is still unknown. Patients and methods: We carried out immunohistochemistry staining in 144 gastric cancer cases in this study. Then Western blot was used to detect the expression of protein. MTT and matrigel invasion assay were used to assess the biological effects. Results: The immunohistochemical results indicated that the expression of C14orf159 in normal gastric mucosa close to cancer tissue was remarkably higher than that in stomach carcinoma samples (63.9% and 34.7%, respectively, P<0.001). Negative C14orf159 expression was dramatically related to high TNM stages (P=0.033) and positive lymph node metastasis (P=0.008). Once C14orf159 was overexpressed, the expression levels of phosphorylated ERK and its regulated downstream molecules, such as Snail, phosphorylated P90RSK and Cyclin D1, were decreased, while the expression level of E-cadherin was increased. Finally, the invasion and proliferation capacity of gastric cancer cells was inhibited. Conclusion: In other words, loss of C14orf159 is associated with the progression of gastric cancer. The role of C14orf159 in repression of proliferation and invasion may be due to resuming E-cadherin and abolishing Snail and Cyclin D1 expression through inactivating ERK-P90RSK pathway.

8.
Eur J Nutr ; 58(8): 3229-3239, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30470880

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Higher levels of fatty acids (FAs) in the de novo lipogenesis (DNL) pathway might be associated with higher levels of fat mass (FM), while limited evidence is available from the general population. We aimed to examine the associations between DNL-FAs and body fat and fat distribution in a general population of Chinese adults. METHODS: This community-based prospective cohort study included 3,075 participants (68% women) aged 40-75 years in urban Guangzhou, China. We measured erythrocyte DNL-FAs composition (including C16:0, C16:1n-7, C18:0, and C18:1n-9) at baseline and %FM over the total body (TB), trunk, limbs, android (A) and gynoid (G) regions after 3.2 years and 6.3 years of follow-up, respectively. RESULTS: Generally, higher proportions of individual erythrocyte DNL-FAs and their combined index were positively associated with adipose indices in the multivariable cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. The cross-sectional percentage mean differences in quartile 4 (vs. 1) of the DNL index were 3.43% (TB), 4.56% (trunk), and 2.67% (A/G ratio) (all P trends < 0.01). The corresponding values in longitudinal changes of adipose indices were 1.40% (TB), 1.78% (trunk), and 1.32% (A) (all P trends < 0.05). The above associations tended to be more pronounced in the trunk and android area than the limbs and gynoid area. CONCLUSIONS: Erythrocyte DNL-FAs may contribute to an increase in total body fat in Chinese adults, particularly FM distributed in trunk and abdominal regions.

9.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(8): e201900802, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1038128

RESUMO

Abstract Purpose To reveal the function of miR-134 in myocardial ischemia. Methods Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the expression of miR-134, nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) and apoptotic-associated proteins. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Hoechst 33342/PI double staining and flow cytometry assay were implemented in H9c2 cells, respectively. MiR-134 mimic/inhibitor was used to regulate miR-134 expression. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assay were utilized to identify the interrelation between miR-134 and NOS3. Rescue experiments exhibited the role of NOS3. The involvement of PI3K/AKT was assessed by western blot analysis. Results MiR-134 was high regulated in the myocardial ischemia model, and miR-134 mimic/inhibitor transfection accelerated/impaired the speed of cell apoptosis and attenuated/exerted the cell proliferative prosperity induced by H/R regulating active status of PI3K/AKT signaling. LDH activity was also changed due to the different treatments. Moreover, miR-134 could target NOS3 directly and simultaneously attenuated the expression of NOS3. Co-transfection miR-134 inhibitor and pcDNA3.1-NOS3 highlighted the inhibitory effects of miR-134 on myocardial H/R injury. Conclusion This present work puts insights into the crucial effects of the miR-134/NOS3 axis in myocardial H/R injury, delivering a potential therapeutic technology in future.

10.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-6, 2018 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580576

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the stems of Mappianthus iodoides led to the isolation of a new naturally occurring prenylated isoflavone, mappianthone A (1), together with seven known analogues (2-8). The structure of 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and the known compounds were identified by comparison with data reported in the literature. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities against five human cancer cell lines: HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7 and SW480 in vitro. Compounds 1-8 showed significant antiproliferative effects against several human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.16 to 12.68 µM. [Figure: see text].

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(20): 4000-4010, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30486523

RESUMO

The genus Actaea plants are widely distributed in China, and the cycloartane triterpenoids are the characteristic constituents of this genus. They are divided into types of cimigenol, hydroshengmanol, shengmanol, cimiacerogenin, acteol, 16, 23-diketo, foetidonol, dahurinol, etc. Cycloartane triterpenoids show many biological activities, such as cytotoxicity, anti-osteoporosis, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti-nucleoside transport, neuroprotective, anti-oxidant, antibacterial activities. The present paper reviewed the distribution of the plant resources of Actaea, chemical structures and biological activities of cycloartane triterpenoids, aiming to provide a reference for the further research in the future.


Assuntos
Actaea/química , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/farmacologia , China , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
12.
Stem Cells ; 36(12): 1863-1874, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30171660

RESUMO

Efficient recruitment and angiogenesis of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are critical during a thrombus event. However, the details of EPC recruitment and the regulation of angiogenesis have not been fully determined. The aim of this study was to determine the role of the long noncoding (lnc)RNA Wilms tumor 1 associated protein pseudogene 1 (WTAPP1) in regulation of the migration and angiogenesis of EPCs. EPCs were isolated from human peripheral blood and characterized by flow cytometry, after which lentivirus-mediated lncRNA WTAPP1 overexpression and knockdown were performed. Scratch assay, Transwell assay, and in vitro and in vivo tube formation assays were performed to measure cell migration, invasion, and angiogenic abilities, respectively. Moreover, a microarray screen, bioinformatic prediction, and quantitative PCR and Western blot of miRNAs interacting with lncRNA WTAPP1 were conducted. Western blot was carried out to elucidate the relationship among WTAPP1, miR-3120-5P, and MMP-1 in the autophagy pathway. WTAPP1 positively regulated migration, invasion, and in vitro and in vivo tube formation in EPCs by increasing MMP-1 expression and activating PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling. Furthermore, WTAPP1 contains a putative miR-3120-5P binding site. Suppression of WTAPP1 by miR-3120-5P decreased the level of MMP-1. In addition, we demonstrated that suppression of the autophagy pathway is involved in the effects of WTAPP1 on EPC migration and angiogenesis. The lncRNA WTAPP1, a molecular decoy for miR-3120-5p, regulates MMP-1 expression via the PI3K/Akt and autophagy pathways, thereby mediating cell migration and angiogenesis in EPCs. Acting as a potential therapeutic target, the lncRNA WTAPP1 may play an important role in the pathogenesis of DVT. Stem Cells 2018;36:1863-12.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/fisiologia , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/citologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/genética , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 119: 677-682, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30067956

RESUMO

2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-O-ß-d-glucoside (THSG) is a bioactive polyhydroxystilbene compound obtained from Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Although it has broad therapeutic potential, the application of THSG is limited due to its poor stability in vitro, poor absorption in the intestine, and short-term storage in tissues. Polysaccharides from herbal medicines have been proven to be functional foods and potential natural plant derived drugs. However, the effects of polysaccharides when co-administered with other active ingredients are currently unknown. The present study investigated the influences of Ophiopogon japonicus polysaccharides (OJPs) on THSG. Results showed that OJPs notably enhanced aqueous solubility, and stability of THSG, but slightly decreased the permeability of THSG. In addition, Tmax, Cmax, and AUC(0-tn) of THSG were 3.5 fold, 1.45 fold and 2.32 fold higher for THSG-OJP. Thus, OJPs could potentially be used to improve the biopharmaceutical properties and prolong the pharmacological effects of THSG. This finding could provide a reference point for further applications of polysaccharides from herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Glucosídeos/farmacocinética , Ophiopogon/química , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacologia , Estilbenos/farmacocinética , Interações de Medicamentos , Glucosídeos/química , Permeabilidade , Solubilidade , Estilbenos/química
14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 22(10): 4568-4587, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29956461

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at a post-transcriptional level via either the degradation or translational repression of a target mRNA. They play an irreplaceable role in angiogenesis by regulating the proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, migration and tube formation of angiogenesis-related cells, which are indispensable for multitudinous physiological and pathological processes, especially for the occurrence and development of vascular diseases. Imbalance between the regulation of miRNAs and angiogenesis may cause many diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, aneurysm, Kawasaki disease, aortic dissection, phlebothrombosis and diabetic microvascular complication. Therefore, it is important to explore the essential role of miRNAs in angiogenesis, which might help to uncover new and effective therapeutic strategies for vascular diseases. This review focuses on the interactions between miRNAs and angiogenesis, and miRNA-based biomarkers in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of angiogenesis-related diseases, providing an update on the understanding of the clinical value of miRNAs in targeting angiogenesis.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Neovascularização Patológica/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Moduladores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica/patologia , Neovascularização Patológica/prevenção & controle , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Gene ; 668: 229-236, 2018 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29758298

RESUMO

Fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) is extremely adaptable and highly invasive in China as a defoliator of ornamental and forest trees. Both voltinism and diapause strategies of fall webworm in China are variable, and this variability contributes to it invasiveness. Little is known about molecular regulation of diapause in fall webworm. To gain insight into possible mechanisms of diapause induction, high-throughput RNA-seq data were generated from non-diapause pupae (NDP) and diapause pupae (DP). A total of 58,151 unigenes were assembled and researched against nine public databases. In total, 29,013 up-regulated and 3451 down-regulated unigenes were differentially expressed by DP when compared with those of NDP. Genes encoding proteins such as UDP-glycosyl transferase (UGT), cytochrome P450 and Hsp70 were predicted to be involved in diapause. Moreover, GO function and KEGG pathway enrichments were performed on all differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and showed that cell cycle and insulin signaling pathways may be related to the diapause of the fall webworm. This study provides valuable information about the fall webworm transcriptome for future gene function research, especially as it relates to diapause.


Assuntos
Diapausa de Inseto/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Mariposas/genética , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Animais , Ontologia Genética , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(16): 13264-13273, 2018 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616788

RESUMO

Studies on the development of fluorescent organic molecules with different emission colors for imaging of organelles and their biomedical application are gaining lots of focus recently. Here, we report two cationic organochalcogens 1 and 2, both of which exhibit very weak green emission (Φ1 = 0.12%; Φ2 = 0.09%) in dilute solution as monomers, but remarkably enhanced green emission upon interaction with nucleic acids and large red-shifted emission in aggregate state by the formation of excimers at high concentration. More interestingly, the monomer emission and excimer-like emission can be used for dual color imaging of different organelles. Upon passively diffusing into cells, both probes selectively stain nucleoli with strong green emission upon 488 nm excitation, whereas upon 405 nm excitation, a completely different stain pattern by staining lysosomes (for 1) or mitochondria (for 2) with distinct red emission is observed because of the highly concentrated accumulation in these organelles. Studies on the mechanism of the accumulation in lysosomes (for 1) or mitochondria (for 2) found that the accumulations of the probes are dependent on the membrane permeabilization, which make the probes have great potential in diagnosing cell damage by sensing lysosomal or mitochondrial membrane permeabilization. The study is demonstrative, for the first time, of two cationic molecules for dual-color imaging nucleoli and lysosomes (1)/mitochondria (2) simultaneously in live cell based on monomer and excimer-like emission, respectively, and more importantly, for diagnosing cell damage.


Assuntos
Calcogênios/química , Cátions , Sobrevivência Celular , Cor , Corantes Fluorescentes , Lisossomos , Mitocôndrias
17.
BMC Neurol ; 18(1): 51, 2018 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is usually difficult to identify stroke pathogenesis for single lenticulostriate infarction with nonstenotic middle cerebral artery (MCA). Our aim is to differentiate the two pathogeneses, non-branch atheromatous small vessel disease and branch atheromatous disease (BAD) by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI). METHODS: Thirty-two single lenticulostriate infarction patients with nonstenotic MCA admitted to the China-Japan Friendship Hospital from December 2014 to August 2017 were enrolled for retrospective analysis. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), atherosclerotic risk factors, imaging features, and the characteristic of MCA vessel wall in HR-MRI were evaluated. RESULTS: MCA plaques were detected in 15(46.9%) patients which implied BAD and 8 of 15 (53.3%) patients had plaques location in upper dorsal side of the vessel wall. Patients with HR-MRI identified plaques had a significantly larger infarction lesion length (1.95 ± 0.86 cm versus 1.38 ± 0.55 cm; P = 0.031) and larger lesion volume (2.95 ± 3.94 cm3 versus 0.90 ± 0.94 cm3; P = 0.027) than patients without plaques. Patients with HR-MRI identified plaques had a significant higher percentage of proximal lesions than patients without plaques (P = 0.055). However, according to the location of MCA plaques, there were no significant differences in terms of imaging features, NIHSS and mRS. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated high frequency of MCA atheromatous plaques visualized in single lenticulostriate infarction patients with nonstenotic MCA by using HR-MRI. Patients with HR-MRI identified plaque presented larger infarction lesions and more proximal lesions than patients without plaque, which were consistent with imaging features of BAD. HR-MRI is an important and effective tool for identifying stroke etiology in patients with nonstenotic MCA.


Assuntos
Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/etiologia , Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , China , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Japão , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
J Food Drug Anal ; 26(1): 90-99, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29389593

RESUMO

Polygoni Multiflori Radix (PMR) is increasingly being used not just as a traditional herbal medicine but also as a popular functional food. In this study, multivariate chemometric methods and mass spectrometry were combined to analyze the ultra-high-performance liquid chromatograph (UPLC) fingerprints of PMR from six different geographical origins. A chemometric strategy based on multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) and three classification methods is proposed to analyze the UPLC fingerprints obtained. Common chromatographic problems, including the background contribution, baseline contribution, and peak overlap, were handled by the established MCR-ALS model. A total of 22 components were resolved. Moreover, relative species concentrations were obtained from the MCR-ALS model, which was used for multivariate classification analysis. Principal component analysis (PCA) and Ward's method have been applied to classify 72 PMR samples from six different geographical regions. The PCA score plot showed that the PMR samples fell into four clusters, which related to the geographical location and climate of the source areas. The results were then corroborated by Ward's method. In addition, according to the variance-weighted distance between cluster centers obtained from Ward's method, five components were identified as the most significant variables (chemical markers) for cluster discrimination. A counter-propagation artificial neural network has been applied to confirm and predict the effects of chemical markers on different samples. Finally, the five chemical markers were identified by UPLC-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer. Components 3, 12, 16, 18, and 19 were identified as 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-stilbene-2-O-ß-d-glucoside, emodin-8-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside, emodin-8-O-(6'-O-acetyl)-ß-d-glucopyranoside, emodin, and physcion, respectively. In conclusion, the proposed method can be applied for the comprehensive analysis of natural samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Gastrópodes/química , Gastrópodes/classificação , Metabolômica , Animais , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica/métodos , Estrutura Molecular
19.
Phytother Res ; 31(9): 1427-1432, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28762585

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis is one of the most common types of inflammatory bowel disease and is multifactorial and relapsing. 6-Gingerol, a component of gingerols extracted from ginger (Zingiber officinale), has been reported to improve ulcerative colitis. The present study aims to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of two analogous forms of 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, and 10-gingerol, on ulcerative colitis. Colitis was induced in rats through consumption of 5% (w/v) dextran sulfate sodium drinking water for 7 consecutive days. 6-Gingerol, 8-gingerol, and 10-gingerol were then given intraperitoneally at doses of 30 mg kg-1  d-1 for another 7 days, respectively. Body weight change, disease activity index, inflammatory cytokines, and oxidative stress indices were measured, and the colonic tissue injuries were assessed macroscopically and histopathologically. Results showed that all three gingerols attenuated colitic symptoms evoked by dextran sulfate sodium, significantly elevated superoxide dismutase activity, decreased malondialdehyde levels and myeloperoxidase activity in the colon tissue, and markedly reduced the content of tumor necrosis factor alpha and Interleukin 1 beta in the serum. Histological observations showed that all three gingerols obviously accelerated mucosal damage healing. It is concluded that 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, and 10-gingerol, the three analogues, have a strong and relatively equal efficacy in the treatment of colitis. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Catecóis/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Álcoois Graxos/farmacologia , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/patologia , Sulfato de Dextrana , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interleucina-1beta/sangue , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
20.
J Zhejiang Univ Sci B ; 18(8): 733-736, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786250

RESUMO

Dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) are direct communications between the intracranial arterial and venous systems without an intervening nidus. Clinicians sometimes fail to give a correct diagnosis of DAVF. Given the similarity of their clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) manifestations, diagnostic confusion may arise between DAVF and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) (Simon et al., 2009). The clinical management of DAVFs differs from that of CVST (Ma et al., 2015; Yang et al., 2015). Anticoagulation therapy is restricted in some cases of DAVFs, especially when they are associated with retrograde venous flow, due to the increased risk of hemorrhage. Here we present a case of a DAVF patient who had been initially misdiagnosed as CVST. We summarize the reasons for misdiagnosis and give some recommendations to address this problem.

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