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1.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32032980

RESUMO

Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., known as licorice, is one of the most famous Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, we perform a metabolome analysis using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to assign bioactive components in different parts of licorice from different geographical origins in Gansu province of China. Sixteen potential biomarkers of taproots from different geographical origins were annotated, such as glycycoumarin, gancaonin Z, licoricone and dihydroxy kanzonol H mainly exist in the sample of Jiuquan; neoliquiritin, 6'-acetylliquiritin, licochalcone B, isolicoflavonol, glycyrol and methylated uralenin mainly exist in Glycyrrhiza uralensis from Lanzhou; gancaonin L, uralenin and glycybridin I mainly exist in licorice from Wuwei for the first time. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 21(3): 85, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997020

RESUMO

Nanoparticles (NPs) containing the hydrophilic drug salidroside (Sal) and the hydrophobic drug tamoxifen (Tam) were prepared using a triblock copolymer poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-PLGA to achieve synergism in the treatment of breast cancer. The double emulsion (w/o/w) method was used to prepare Sal-Tam NPs with an average particle size of 275.3 ± 44.0 nm, a polydispersity index of 0.302 ± 0.102, and a zeta potential of - 6.98 ± 2.99. The entrapment efficiency of the hydrophilic and hydrophobic components was 32.63% ± 0.73% and 49.18% ± 3.04%, respectively. On differential scanning calorimetry, the NPs showed the amorphous nature of both Sal and Tam. The sustained release of Sal and Tam from the NPs was significantly prolonged under physiological conditions (pH 7.4). The CCK-8 assay using the 4T1 cell line revealed a 1.7-fold decrease in the IC50 value for Sal-Tam NPs when compared with free Tam. The in vivo anti-tumor effect was assessed in BALB/c mice, and the results demonstrated that these NPs decreased the tumor volume compared with saline and showed high anti-tumor activity. A pharmacokinetic study showed significant enhancement of the bioavailability of Tam in Sal-Tam NPs compared with free Tam in suspension. The intracellular and mitochondrial anti-oxidative effect of Sal was thought to be attributed to the promising anti-tumor effect of drug co-delivery. This study confirmed that the use of Sal-Tam NPs may be a promising approach in breast cancer therapy.

3.
Exp Ther Med ; 19(1): 409, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897094

RESUMO

[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3892/etm.2019.7320.].

4.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 163: 254-262, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973865

RESUMO

The fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Drury) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a major pest found in forests. In this study, the effects of Hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus (HcNPV) infection on the transcription levels and activities of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in H. cunea were determined. In the present study, 18 GST family genes were identified from the H. cunea transcriptome dataset by using bioinformatic analyses. These GST genes were classified into cytosolic (15 genes) and microsomal (three genes) classes. The 15 cytosolic GST genes belonged to four different subclasses (epsilon, sigma and delta). The all GST genes, especially GSTe4, showed high expression levels in egg and 1st~4th instar larval stage while their low expression levels in 5th~7th instar larvae using real-time quantitative PCR analysis. However, the expression levels of the 18 GST genes were varied after exposure to sublethal doses of HcNPV. The expression levels of most GSTs were downregulated and upregulated at low and high concentrations of HcNPV, respectively. The corresponding total GST activities also showed similar patterns. In H. cunea, changes in the expression levels and enzymatic activities of GSTs after exposure to HcNPV indicated that they may have important functions in the defense against HcNPV, and the stress, which may be reflected by the high GST enzymatic activities.

5.
J Obstet Gynaecol Res ; 46(1): 49-57, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31749272

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to explore the miR-342-3p expression in pre-eclampsia (PE) placentas and confirm whether miR-342-3p exerts effects on proliferation and migration of HTR-8/SVneo trophoblastic cells. METHODS: The PE placentas (n = 8) were taken from gravidas complicated by PE and delivered after 34 weeks. The chorionic plates and the basal plates were separately taken from the placenta disc near the position of umbilical cord insertion. RT-qPCR was used to measure the expression of miR-342-3p in the chorionic plates and the basal plates. Cell invasion assay and MMT assay were used to assess the effects of miR-342-3p on proliferation and migration of HTR-8/SVneo trophoblastic cells. Luciferase reporter assay and Western blotting were used to analyze the target of miR-342-3p and investigate the detailed mechanisms. RESULTS: The expression of miR-342-3p was upregulated in both basal plates and chorionic plates in patients with PE compared with healthy pregnant individuals. MiR-342-3p inhibitor suppressed the cell viability and invasion, and induced apoptosis in trophoblast cells. Furthermore, inhibitor of DNA binding (ID)-4 (ID4) was a direct target of miR-342-3p, and knockdown of ID4 abrogated the regulation effect of miR-342-3p on cell viability, apoptosis and invasion. CONCLUSION: Inhibition of miR-342-3p expression may suppress the occurrence of PE by targeting ID4 in vitro.

6.
Anticancer Drugs ; 31(2): 110-122, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31658131

RESUMO

Oncolytic virus therapy is emerging as important means in cancer treatment. In a previous study, we constructed a dual cancer-specific antitumor recombinant adenovirus, designating it Ad-apoptin-hTERTp-E1a (Ad-VT). This study aimed to investigate the anticancer potential of recombinant adenovirus Ad-apoptin-hTERTp-E1a (Ad-VT) in liver cancer. Crystal Violet staining and CCK-8 assays were used to analyse the inhibitory effect of recombinant adenovirus on human hepatoma cell line QGY-7703 and SMMC-7721. Ad-VT had a significant tumour killing inhibitory effect on QGY-7703 and SMMC-7721 cells that was both dose and a time dependent. Ad-VT-induced apoptosis of QGY-7703 cells was detected using Hoechst, Annexin V, and JC-1 staining, as well as western blotting. Recombinant adenovirus had a strong apoptosis-inducing effect on QGY-7703 cells, and killed QGY-7703 cells mainly through the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. QGY-7703 cells invasion were detected using cell-scratch and Transwell assays. Recombinant adenovirus could significantly inhibit the invasion of QGY-7703 cells over a short period of time. The pGL4.51 plasmid was used to transfect QGY-7703 cells to construct tumour cells stably expressing luciferase (QGY-7703-LUC). The tumour inhibition effect of Ad-VT in vivo was subsequently confirmed by establishing a tumour-bearing nude mouse model. Ad-VT could effectively inhibit tumour growth and prolong survival of the mice. Recombinant adenovirus Ad-VT has the characteristics of tumour-specific replication and specific tumour killing, and could inhibit the growth of liver cancer QGY-7703 cells and promote their apoptosis.

7.
Virus Res ; 276: 197807, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707001

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to knock out two non-essential gene fragments (TC7L-TK2L and TJ2R) related to virulence, immunomodulation, and host range in the vaccinia virus Tian Tan strain (VTT), and combining with double-label screening and exogenous screening marker knockout techniques to construct attenuated strains with multiple gene deletions(rVTT-TC-TJ). The shuttle plasmids pSK-TC and pSK-TJ were constructed by designing 2 pairs of recombinant arms, combined with poxvirus early and late complex strong promoter pE/L and exogenous screening marker enhanced green fluorescent protein(EGFP). The results showed that knocking out the two gene fragments does not affect the replication ability of the virus and displays a good genetic stability. Furthermore, a series of in vivo and in vitro experiments demonstrate that although virulence of rVTT-TC-TJ is attenuated significantly, high immunogenicity was maintained. These results support the potential development of rVTT-TC-TJ as a safe viral vector or vaccine.

8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 143: 873-880, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712148

RESUMO

Poor solubility and stability are limitation factors of flavonoids application. Polysaccharides from herbs have been proven to be functional foods and potential promising natural supplements with large molecular weight and complex structures. Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) are the main components of Astragalus membranaceus (Fisch.) and novel synergistic pharmacological effects between Astragalus polysaccharides and flavonoids have been reported. However, the general effects of polysaccharides when co-administered with flavonoids are currently unknown. Herein, the influences of APS on aqueous solubilities and stabilities of fifteen flavonoids were systematically investigated, and the mechanism of effects of polysaccharides on flavonoids was further considered. The results showed that APS could significantly enhance the solubilities and stabilities of the flavonoids, with solubilization effect improved by 68.88-fold for quercetin and negatively correlated with the aqueous solubility of the flavonoid itself. A phase solubility study and Differential scanning calorimetry characterization indicated that APS could form complexes with flavonoids at 1:1 ratio with K values ranging from 1491 to 55,395 L·mol-1, a tendency to improved solubilization at higher association constant values was also observed. Those findings could provide the basis for a new approach to solving the problems of poor solubility and stability of flavonoids through the application of natural macromolecules.

9.
Drug Res (Stuttg) ; 70(1): 12-22, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539916

RESUMO

Bepotastine besilate (here after referred to as BTST), chemically known as ({d(S)4[4[(4chlorophenyl) (2pyridyl) methoxy] piperidino} butyric acid monobenzene sulphonate), is a second-generation antihistamine drug. To the best of our knowledge, no studies concerning the isolation or identification of process-related impurities have been reported so far. The current study reports the development and validation of a stability-indicating RP-HPLC method for the separation and identification of 5 potential impurities in bepotastine besilate. In this experiment, the structures of 3 process-related impurities were found to be new compounds. They were characterized and confirmed by NMR and MS spectroscopy analyses. These 3 new compounds were proposed to be (S)-4-[(phenyl)-2-pyridinylmethoxy]-1-piperidinebutanoic acid,(Imp-A); 4-[(S)-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-pyridinylmethoxy]-1- piperidinebutyric acid, N-oxide (Imp-B) and (S)-4-[(4- chlorophenyl)-2-pyridinylmethoxy]-1-piperidylethane (Imp-C). In addition, an efficient optimized chromatographic method was performed on a Shimadzu Inertsil C8-3 column (150 mm×4.6 mm, 3 µm) to separate and quantify these 5 impurities. It was using 15 mmol ammonium formate buffer in water (pH adjusted to 3.8 with formic acid) and acetonitrile as the mobile phase in gradient mode. The method was developed to separate and quantify these 5 impurities obtained in the range of 0.05-0.75 µg/mL. It was validated and proven to be selective, accurate and precise and suitable. It is the first publication of identification and characterization data of the 3 new compounds. It is also the first effective HPLC method for separation and quantification of all of process-related impurities in bepotastine besilate.

10.
Hypertens Res ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819153

RESUMO

Childhood hypertension has become an important public health issue. This study explored a novel indicator, namely, childhood lipid accumulation product (CLAP), which is associated with hypertension among children and adolescents. A total of 683 children and adolescents aged 8-15 years were measured for body weight, height, waist circumference (WC), abdominal skinfold thickness (AST), triacylglycerol (TG), blood pressure, dietary behaviors, and physical activity time. The novel childhood lipid accumulation product (CLAP) was the product of WC, AST, and TG (CLAP = WC (cm) × AST (mm) × TG (mmol/L)). The logarithmic CLAP (LnCLAP), height, weight, WC, WHtR, BMI, AST, and TG were standardized for sex and age using the z-score method (standardized variables: SLnCLAP, Sheight, Sweight, SWC, SWHtR, SBMI, SAST, and STG). The results showed that the overall prevalence of hypertension was 11.6% (13.1% in boys and 9.7% in girls). SLnCLAP ≥ 1, Sweight ≥ 1, SWC ≥ 1, SWHtR ≥ 1, SBMI ≥ 1, SAST ≥ 1, and STG ≥ 1 increased the statistical risk of childhood hypertension (odds ratio values (95% CI) were 3.70 (2.22-6.16), 2.58 (1.50-4.43), 3.08 (1.84-5.15), 2.33 (1.38-3.93), 2.96 (1.72-5.29), 2.38 (1.41-4.70), and 2.40 (1.38-4.19), respectively). The area under the ROC curve (AUC) for CLAP was higher than that for weight, WC, WHtR, BMI, AST, and TG in the prediction of hypertension. In conclusion, this study showed that CLAP is a novel indicator associated with hypertension in children and adolescents and can more effectively predict childhood hypertension than weight, WC, WHtR, BMI, AST, and TG can.

11.
J Chromatogr Sci ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844877

RESUMO

A simple and enantioselective method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of (R)- and (S)-trelagliptin in beagle dog plasma by chiral liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Trelagliptin enantiomers and (R)-rabeprazole (as internal standard, IS) were extracted from plasma samples by liquid-liquid extraction and separated on a CHIRALCEL OX-3R column using acetonitrile-5 ammonium bicarbonate as the mobile phase in gradient elution mode. The multiple reactions monitoring transitions of m/z 358.1→341.2 and 359.9→150.1 were used to quantify trelagliptin enantiomers and IS, respectively. This method was validated for sensitivity, specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy and stability of specific analytes under various conditions. And it was successfully applied to evaluating the pharmacokinetic profile of trelagliptin enantiomers in beagle dogs after single intravenous administration of (R)-trelagliptin injection (at 1 mg/kg) and oral administration (at 6.7 mg/kg). In this study, no chiral bioconversion of (R)-trelagliptin to (S)-trelagliptin in beagle dog plasma was observed. The absolute bioavailability of (R)-trelagliptin was identified to be 128.2%.

12.
Biotechnol Bioeng ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868229

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) tumor has been considered as the best in vitro model for cancer research. In recent years, various methods have been developed to controllable prepare multisize 3D tumors. Nonetheless, reported technologies are still problematic and difficult to produce 3D tumors with highly uniform size and cell content. Here, a novel and simple microsphere-based mold approach is proposed to rapidly fabricate spherical microwell arrays for multisize 3D tumors formation, culture, and recovery. Larger amounts of HepG2 3D tumors with excellent quality and uniformity can be efficiently generated using this method. In addition, the tumor size can also be simply controlled by adjusting the diameter of the microwell arrays. All experimental results indicated that the proposed method offers a promising platform to generate and recover highly controlled multisize 3D tumors for various cell-based biomedical research.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(12): 8493-8504, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633295

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (MiRNAs, MiRs) represent a class of conserved small non-coding RNAs that affect post-transcriptional gene regulation and play a vital role in angiogenesis, proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. They are essential for a wide range of physiological and pathological processes, especially for vascular diseases. However, data concerning miRNAs in endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) remain incomplete. We explored miRNAs that modulate angiogenesis in EPCs and thrombolysis, and analysed their underlying mechanisms using a DVT model, dual-luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, Western blot, immunofluorescence staining, flow cytometry analysis, CCK-8 assay, angiogenesis assay, wound healing and Transwell assay. We found that miR-205 enhanced the homing ability of EPCs to DVT sites and promoted thrombosis resolution and recanalization, which significantly reduced venous thrombus. Additionally, we demonstrated that miR-205 overexpression significantly enhanced angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro, migration, invasion, F-actin filaments and proliferation in EPCs, and inhibited cell apoptosis. Conversely, down-regulation of miR-205 played the opposite role in EPCs. Importantly, this study demonstrated that miR-205 directly targeted PTEN to modulate the Akt/autophagy pathway and MMP2 expression, subsequently playing a key role in EPC function and DVT recanalization and resolution. These results elucidated the pro-angiogenesis effects of miR-205 in EPCs and established it as a potential target for DVT treatment.

15.
Future Med Chem ; 11(17): 2263-2272, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581911

RESUMO

Aim: To explore the underlying mechanisms of metformin on the angiogenic capacity of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Results: EPC growth and miR-221 expression decreased concentration-dependence with metformin, and a negative correlation was observed between miR-221 expression and metformin concentration (p < 0.001). miR-221 overexpression using a mimic decreased the metformin-mediated angiogenic effects in EPCs (p < 0.01). Metformin increased p27 and LC3II expression and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) phosphorylation, and decreased p62 expression, while miR-221 overexpression reversed the effects of metformin. Additionally, AMPK inhibition by compound C reversed the increase in p27 and LC3II levels and AMPK phosphorylation or miR-221 siRNA treatment. Conclusion: Metformin inhibits the angiogenic capacity of EPCs. The underlying mechanism involves AMPK-mediated autophagy pathway activity and increases miR-221-mediated p27 expression.

16.
Molecules ; 24(19)2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574916

RESUMO

This research aimed to discover chemical markers for discriminating radix Angelica sinensis (RAS) from different regions and to explore the differences of RAS in the content of four active compounds and anti-inflammatory activities on lipopolysacchride (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells and calcium antagonists on the HEK 293T cells of RAS. Nine compounds were selected as characteristic chemical markers by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS), based on metabolomics, in order to rapidly discriminate RAS from geoherb and non-geoherb regions. The contents of senkyunolide I and butylidenephthalide in geoherb samples were higher than those in non-geoherb samples, but the contents of ferulic acid and levistolide A were lower in the geoherb samples. Furthermore, the geoherbs showed better nitric oxide (NO) inhibitory and calcium antagonistic activities than the non-geoherbs. These results demonstrate the diversity in quality of RAS between geoherbs and non-geoherbs.

17.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(8): e201900802, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618402

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To reveal the function of miR-134 in myocardial ischemia. METHODS: Real-time PCR and western blotting were performed to measure the expression of miR-134, nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) and apoptotic-associated proteins. Lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) assay, cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Hoechst 33342/PI double staining and flow cytometry assay were implemented in H9c2 cells, respectively. MiR-134 mimic/inhibitor was used to regulate miR-134 expression. Bioinformatic analysis and luciferase reporter assay were utilized to identify the interrelation between miR-134 and NOS3. Rescue experiments exhibited the role of NOS3. The involvement of PI3K/AKT was assessed by western blot analysis. RESULTS: MiR-134 was high regulated in the myocardial ischemia model, and miR-134 mimic/inhibitor transfection accelerated/impaired the speed of cell apoptosis and attenuated/exerted the cell proliferative prosperity induced by H/R regulating active status of PI3K/AKT signaling. LDH activity was also changed due to the different treatments. Moreover, miR-134 could target NOS3 directly and simultaneously attenuated the expression of NOS3. Co-transfection miR-134 inhibitor and pcDNA3.1-NOS3 highlighted the inhibitory effects of miR-134 on myocardial H/R injury. CONCLUSION: This present work puts insights into the crucial effects of the miR-134/NOS3 axis in myocardial H/R injury, delivering a potential therapeutic technology in future.


Assuntos
Hipóxia/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/genética , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/patologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/uso terapêutico , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Life Sci ; 235: 116862, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513814

RESUMO

Dysregulation of miR-29 has been revealed in multiple diseases, but its role in the development of hypertension and vascular endothelial dysfunction has not been defined. Here, we found that, compared with the wild-type (WT) Wistar rats, miR-29b was robustly upregulated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs), while CTRP6 was distinctly downregulated. There were two miRNA-responding-elements (MREs) for miR-29 in the 3'-UTR of CTRP6 mRNA, and the luciferase activity assay revealed that miR-29b directly targeted CTRP6 mRNA. Intraventricular injection was applied to deliver the miR-29b mimic or miR-29b inhibitor (4 mg/kg) into SHRs once two weeks from 10th week. Downregulation of miR-29b could increase serum CTRP6 content in SHRs, decrease the arterial systolic pressure, reduce serum concentrations of Ang II and ET-1, and enhance serum NO content. Meanwhile, we demonstrated that inhibition of miR-29b increased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 to activate PPARγ, an inducer of Ang II. Finally, miR-29b expression was manipulated in, and CTRP6 recombinant protein was applied to incubate with the primary aortic endothelial cells. Inhibition of miR-29b increased CTRP6 expression, improved cell proliferation and migration, suppressed secretion of Ang II and ET-1, and decreased ROS accumulation and LDH release, displaying a similar effect to the CTRP6 recombinant protein. Moreover, the CTRP6 recombinant protein could antagonize the suppressive effect of miR-29b on activation of the ERK/PPARγ axis and function of aortic endothelial cells. In conclusion, miR-29b antagonism can alleviate Ang II-induced hypertension and vascular endothelial dysfunction through activating the CTRP6/ERK/PPARγ axis.


Assuntos
Angiotensina II/efeitos adversos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/prevenção & controle , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , Adipocinas/sangue , Angiotensina II/sangue , Animais , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotelina-1/sangue , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Masculino , MicroRNAs/agonistas , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , MicroRNAs/genética , Óxido Nítrico/sangue , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 641, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31551832

RESUMO

Objective: This study proposes a schizophrenia disability model to describe the associations between negative symptoms and disability to test the possible mediating roles of positive coping and resilience and to compare the relative weights of the indirect effects of these two mediators in an integrated whole. Methods: A total of 407 hospitalized Han Chinese patients diagnosed with stable schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder were included. Patients were evaluated using the following scales: the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCQ) for positive coping, the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) for resilience, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for negative symptoms, and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule, Version II (WHO-DAS II) for the severity of disability. The schizophrenia disability distal mediation model was constructed using the structural modeling (SEM) approach. Bootstrapping procedures and the PRODCLIN program were used to examine the mediating roles of positive coping and resilience. Results: The schizophrenia disability model was well-fitted to the observed data. Positive coping and resilience together with negative symptoms explained 66% of the variance in disability. Positive coping and resilience partly mediated the negative symptoms-disability relationship. The bootstrapped unstandardized indirect effect was 0.319, and the direct effect was 0.224. Positive coping also has a significant positive effect on resilience. In addition, the ratio of the specific indirect effect of positive coping to the total indirect effect (48%) is higher than that of resilience (30%). Conclusion: Positive coping and resilience are two key causal mediators of the negative symptoms-disability relationship. Positive coping and resilience are important personal resources for patients with schizophrenia. We found that the indirect effect of positive coping was relatively more important than that of resilience. This result suggests that personalized treatments aimed at resilience and positive coping can effectively buffer the impact of negative symptoms for patients with schizophrenia and promote rehabilitation.

20.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 160: 1-10, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519242

RESUMO

Insect G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been identified as a highly attractive target for new generation insecticides discovery due to their critical physiological functions. However, few insect GPCRs have been functionally characterized. Here, we cloned the full length of a methuselah-like GPCR gene (Ldmthl1) from the Asian gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. We then characterized the secondary and tertiary structures of Ldmthl1. We also predicted the global structure of this insect GPCR protein which is composed of three major domains. RNA interference of Ldmthl1 resulted in a reduction of gypsy moths' resistance to deltamethrin and suppressed expression of downstream stress-associated genes, such as P450s, glutathione S transferases, and heat shock proteins. The function of Ldmthl1 was further investigated using transgenic lines of Drosophila melanogaster. Drosophila with overexpression of Ldmthl1 showed significantly longer lifespan than control flies. Taken together, our studies revealed that the physiological functions of Ldmthl1 in L. dispar are associated with longevity and resistance to insecticide stresses. Potentially, Ldmthl1 can be used as a target for new insecticide discovery in order to manage this notorious forest pest.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Insetos/fisiologia , Mariposas/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/fisiologia , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados
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